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March 26, 1947 - Image 1

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The Michigan Daily, 1947-03-26

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See Page 4


blafrsi. Dewlitic* ittthe State



VOL. LVII, No. 123



Willow Run
To Try 'Fuse
Box System
Own Residences
A system of tenant delegates
who will be responsible for "polic-
ing fuse boxes" as a means of al-
leviating Willow Village's elec-
trical difficulties, will be estab-
lished shortly on a limited, expe-
frimental basis, Benjamin Glass-
berg, FPHA area director in De-
troit, said yesterday.
Village Proposals
The plan embodies essentially
the proposals put forth by Village
residents in their meetings with
FPHA engineers last week. It calls
for the election of one delegate
from each building structure who
will replace all burnt fuses and
will report to management any ex-
cessive violations of Willow Run's
electrical code.
Glassberg said that a new meet-
ing of the agency's officials with
representatives of Village tenant
groups, including the local AVC
which sponsored the proposal, is in
the formation stage. The final
plans for effecting the experi-
ment will then be drawn up.
Experimental Control
"The effectiveness of the idea
will be determined by means of an
experimental control whereby a
portion of the Village will be sub-
ject to the new system, while the
remainder is not, Glassberg de-
lared. "Comparison over a given
period of time will give us the de-
sired results."
These developments s p r 1i n g
from excessive burning of fuses,
tampering with the fuse boxes and
resultant fires in the Village.
Will Revamp
Old 'Rat Maze'I






All GermansI
Must Accept
Peace Treaty
Marshall Asks
Popular Accord
By The Associated Press
MOSCOW, March 25 - The
United States proposed tonight
that the whole German people be
required to accept terms of the
German peace treaty, and that an
advistory peace conference be held
by all'nations which declared war
on the Nazis.
Germans Must Agree
U. S. Secretary of State George
C. Marshall told the four-power
Council of Foreign Ministers that
no German government should be
saddled with the onus of signing
the treaty, but that the German
people should agree in their na-
tional constitution to accept the
terms of the pact.
The Council meeting broke up
early so that the ministers could
attend a command performance of
the ballet Romeo and Juliet at the
famed Bolshoi Theatre as guests
of the Soviet government.
Georges Bidault, French For-
eign Minister, supported Mar-
shall's proposal that the German
people accept the pact, but V. M.
Molotov of Rigssia and Ernest
Bevin of Britain voiced at least
tentative objections.
Doubts Legality
Bevin said he doubted the le-
gality of such a clause in the
German constitution. Molotov said
he would have to consider the
proposal further, but that he be-
lieved a German government
should be required to sign the
f treaty.
ce Mclotov also suggested that Iran
and Albania be allowed to partici-
ipate in any German peace confer-
ence. (Iran declared war on Ger-
many in 1943. Albania was taken
over by Italy before the start of
the war.)
Marshall said acceptance of the
reaty by the German people fol-
d lowed from the unconditional sur-
n render imposed on their country.
"If our view prevails, when theI
Germans accept the constitution
they will be obliged to accept the
peace settlement," the American
secretary said.
j "
TIax Diverson
oj Called Illegal
Supreme Court Told
Constitution Violated;

'Spring' Hits Ann Ar
Wearing Wintry Guis
75 Mile Gale Paralyzes Entire State; Se
Inches of Snow Falls Here In Ten Hour{
Spring weather fell all over Ann Arbor yesterday, and lef
calling card a seven inch blanket of snow.
The Associated Press reported that the raging blizzar
acrcss the entire state, whipped on in some places by a 75 mile p
winds, paralyzing cities and throttling industry.
Saginaw Hard Hit

STAR IN "THE BEST YEAR S" -- Exhibiting leg art, four members of the cast for Junior Girls Play
"The Best Years", to le iyesented at 8:30 p.m. Friday and Saturday in Lydia Mendelssohn Theatre.
pose in costume. From left to right they are: Betty Mager, Sue Taylor, Betty AsehenBrenner, and
Barbara Lee Smith. (For story on Junior' Girls P lay see Page 5.)

Explai Need
F o r e firp i z y
Appropriaio 1
Pries, Eu rolI molbI
Cited a.' im (4 ue
An unyforeseen increase in en-1
rollment and higher price levels
were the reasons behind the Uni-
versity's request for $1,250,000 in
the $11,336,590 deficiency appro-
priations bill approved Monday by

World News (t a Glance
By The Associated Press
NEW YORK, March 25--Herbert Hoover told a Greek War Relic
dinner tonight a large part of the "chaos and misery" in Gree
'could be lifted by one man in the world if he is willing, and than ma
:5 Mdirghal Joseph Stalin."
W1A-SITINGTON, March 25-The State Department issued
a statement tonight saying it "knows of no plot" to overthrow the
governmnents of Casta Rica, Nicaragua and Honduras.
NANKING. March 25--Foreign office sources today reporte
Russia has agreed that China take over administration of Daire
important port city in Manchuria, but gave no date or details.
WAEs NGTON, March 25--Wiliam Green, president of the
Amcrican Federation of Labor, testified today that the AFL is op-
poscd unswervingly to Communism but declared that the U. S.
Communist Party is not enough of a threat to require erasing it
by "totalitarian methods."
WASHINGTON, March 25-Five Senators proposed today 1
phce Atomic Energy Control under a new commission headed by Se
retary of S <1' er sl.
WAlN(TON, March 25-President Truman will speak to
the nation Irom the White House April 12 on a radio program ob-
serving 'he ecnd anniversary of the death of the late president,
Franklin D. lloosevelt.

Hardest hit were the cities of
Saginaw and Bay City, whose
transportation systems were col-
lapsed by the storm. An ominous
wall of ice 40 feet high began
building up in wind-swept Saginaw
Bay and ground ashore at an
amusement park at Wenonah
Beach, near Bay City. One build-
ing was crushed and others en-
dangered by the ice.
No busses moved in most of theI
state", and all aircraft were
grounded. Trains ran hours late.
In Ann Arbor seven inches of
snow fell in ten hours and the
mercury dropped 25 degrees. Uni-
versity geologists report that wind
velocity averaged 20 miles per
hour yesterday, with a high of 36.
They estimated that the snow-
fall was the heaviest the campus
has seen on a March 25 in many
Unable to Estimate
University officials were unable
to estimate the amount of absen-
Student veterans who missed
classes yesterday because of
weather conditions have been
authorized to disregard those
absences in their weekly govern-
ment absence reports, President
Alexander G. Ruthen announced
President Ruthven said that
this action has been taken in
recognition of the faCt that
transportation for veteant~ -
ing off the cainpus was seriobsy
interrupted by weather condi-
teeism from classes caused by the
storm. A temporary tie-up of bus
service to and from Willow Vil-
lage was reported, and Vice-Presi-
dent Robert F. Briggs asked local
radio stations to request village
students to stay away from classes.
After bringing five hundred stu-
dents to campus on the eight
o'clock run, the Willow busses
missed their nine and ten o'clock
runs, but by 12:15 were running on
schedule. Late yesterday however,
they still were unable to make the
complete loop at Willow Village.
In the height of the storm, a
See FIERCE, Page 2
Taft Indicates
Tax Revision
WASHINGTON, March 25,-(IP)
-Senator Taft(Rep., Ohio) indi-
cated today the Senate may re-
vise the income tax slashing bill
to make it effective July 1-not
retroactive to last January 1.
The House begins debate tomor-
row on the bill, which provides
a 30 percent cut for over 20,000,-
000 "little fellows" and 20 per cent
for most other taxpayers. Repub-
lican leaders expressed belief the
House will pass this bill, which
makes the cuts retroactive to Jan-
uary 1.
But Taft estimated that the
measure would cost the treasury
$5,700,000,000 in the 1948 fiscal
year which begins July 1.

House Slash
Ousts Warr
Cuts Appropriat
For Statistics B
-The House, passing its
trimmed down appropriati
voted tonight to knock c
tiori director Edgar L. Wa
the labor department pay
cut in half the funds reque
the National Labor R
It went even fa
than its Appropriations C
tee and whittled another $1
off the budget for the B
Labor Statistics. This left
real with $2,373,400 as c
with its request for $6,700
Roll Call Vote
The bill, passed on ai
vote of 343 to 39, appr
$1,694,586,700 for the La'
partment, the Federalf
Agency and related offices
fiscal year beginning July
Amendment after ame
was batted down as the I
can majority rammed thei
Proposals efeated
Defeated were propo
abolish the NLRB entirely
funds for the Veterans A
tration Job Placement
and to restore the jobs of
and his conciliation servic
The Appropriations Co
had held that Warren h
belonged to alleged Co
front organizations andv
suited for a job of such r
The conciliation servic
labor department's chief
of settling labor-managem
As it went to the Senate,
carried carried $89,864,200
Labor Department, $89
for the Federal Security
$4,033,700 for the NLRB,
for the National (Railway
ation Board and $690,793
the Railroad Retirement I
Russia Opej
Zone to Pre
BERLIN, March 25--A
sian authorities agreed t
reopen their zone of Ger
American newspaper cor
ents for a one-weekcoc
tour, but they banned t
respondent of The Chicag
une as a representative of;
paper which has been un
to the Soviet Union."
The Russians also disa
the correspondents' req
visit four cities, Swine
Peenemuende, Rostock an

or 131 Beneat
e SurfaceWhe
VenExplosion II
Rescue Squads
t as its Save 24 Miners
d swept B The Associated Press
er hour CENTRALIA, Ill., Mach 2
Twenty-two coal miners were
ported tonight to have been ki
in an underground explosion
mid-afternoon, and rescue te
ies were trying to get to scores
others trapped 540 feet below
Is surface.
Twenty-four miners had be
brought out alive by 11:30 p
en leaving 85 men unaccounted I
A total of 131 miners were in t
ions mine when the explosion41
ureau Ed Wick, news editor of the
z 25(P) Carmel, Ill., Republican Regis
said he heard Illinois State D
SsecondInspector Driscoll Scanlon
ons bill, State Police Captain R. C. Wit
oncilia- that he counted 21 dead in,
rren off mine. The body of one other W31
roll and had already been recovered.
,sted for "It's as had as it can be,"
elations Mt' Carmel newspapern
said Scanlon reported. "The
r t h e r is so heavy another explos
"ommit- could come momentarily."
1,000,000 Elmer N. Baird, face boss at
reau of mine, said "There's no chance
the bu- the men still down there."
Dmpared More than 500 persons, ml
,000. ing some weeping women, crO
ed around the mine shaft as fl
roll call lights played on the scene,
opriatesmbances were lined up
bor De- about a quarter of a mile.
Security Police set up rope lines to 6
Secuitythe crowd back, but there wa
for the hysteria.
ndment Two small taverns within 5
Republi- feet of the mine were Jamn
measure with persons eager for any
of information about the ~*
belp -
An emergency medical ceb
sals to was established at the cow
to add center in Centralia, andas.
dminis- miners still living were bro
Service, up on stretchers they were tae
Warren there and to St. Mary's Hos
e aides. As the crowd surged around
mmittee mine entrance and watched as
ad once rescue teams went in and c
mmunist out, a voice on a public add
was un- system urged, "Stand back, s
esponsi- back."
The single operating level !
e is the feet underground extends abi
means four miles back from the bott
ent dis- of the shaft, and the m
trapped in that corridor were
the bill, ported cut off by a fall.
for the The blast occurred with a g:
9,045,180 "whoosh" about 3:30 p.m., a
Agency, ness said, and it was about
$850,000 hours later when the first u
) Medi- jured miner got to the top.
,000 for John Ritter, assistant chie
Board. the State Police, said the ey
lion was caused by dust, combi
with normal blasting of coal.
nS ; Clearance of fallen timbers
the way to the entombed m
was being planned before 'i
'55 night byRobert Weir, assis
director of the Illinois Dep,
')-Rus- ment of Mines and Minerals.
oday to The weather was about free2
many to and rescuers wore heavy clod
espond- nd masks as they worked in
inducted ays to get through the gas.
he cor- The shaft is one mile souti
go Trib- :entralia. It is the Centralia 4

a "News :ompany Mine No. 5, and nor
tfriendly y employs 230 men.
Mine spokesmen said the ex
pproved ;ion apparently was caused
uest to lust.
muende. Gas seeped from the mine
d Oran- 'escue squads, protected by he
:lothing and long-snouted
inasks, roamed through the si
evel mine in a search for
rapped men. They were repo
o have contacted "three or fo
if the miners, but there was
vord on the fate of more than
FEPC Council W
posal is
and was!Meet Tomorrow
ed Ge - The Ann Arbor FEPC Cou
apposite orum on the proposed Fair
federa- loyment Practices Commis
n states 3i11, previously announced for
eBritai light will be held at 4 p.m. tot
the-road :ow at the Pettingill Auditor
deratior n Ann Arbor High School.
d be able The Council planned a post

Gov. Sigler.I
The famous rat maze" in Nat- University officials say that=
ural Science Building, unused for only once before has the Univcr-
more than a year, will be the scene sity had to request a deficiency
of more psychological experiments appropriation and that it is the3
within a month, Prof. John F. University's "confirmed p o ii c y
Shepard of the psychology de- I to operate within the appropria-
partment said yesterday. ticns it receives."
Prof. Shepard said that the Grant in 1919
worn, dirty cheesecloth that h ro ia
shields the maze in a basement T ei
room will be replaced soon with t
new fireproof cloth. "war and skyrocketing prices pro-
duced conditions comparable t
The room containing the "rat those of the past two years."
maze" was described as a "tin- Wenaportisfo te
derbox" by fire inspection offi- When appropriatiosf orthe
cials last Friday. They found, in current bienn4um5 arodiu to
addition to the overhead netting the
an extensive system of open wires University officials, it was impos-
next to inflammatory material and ofible to foincreasein r fully the ' ee
rubbish stored underneath the ic acrc" pi te "r
platform. nnidas oc u'arc a dem i s
In answer to comments by fire which peace would brinw'
i 'ar1.i Un r Lffiri lc th t I "#i) Y All


LANSING, March 25-VP)-At-
torney General Eugene F. Black
formally told the State Supreme

'Court today the Sales Tax diver-
PITTtBURG1. March 25--A $120,000,000, project .which con- sion Amendment was illegallyI
eel ;by can insure the nation an adequate (asoline reserve for more adopted and is an attempt to
th"n 1,t0 years through coal synthesis was announced today by the place legislation in the State con-
a (ld's5 (sraOal PlodChi . Black made the assertions in his
iluo(' qtuatit is of coal, brief in the Sales Tax Diversion
- - Amendment suit being submitted
to the court this week.

lnspecu on o ziciai5 aL Lil WII
all have to come out," Prof. Shep-
ard said that the cloth would be
replaced and fire-proofed but the
maze could "never be i'emoved."
The "rat maze" has been used
previously for psychological ex-
periments that were widely pub-
Explain Role
Of Legislature
The methods of the Student
Legislature will be subject to in-i
spection today as the 12 retiring
members explain its functions to
the 24 newly elected legislators.
The group will convene at 7:30
p.m. in the League for a special
meeting called to acquaint new
members and the student body
with the proceedings and projects
of a student government which has
tripled in size since it was set up
a year ago.
A complete financial report will
be presented as well as a history
of completed activities and plans
for new ones. Chairmen of the
14 standing committees will be
asked to give reports on all proj-

Since spri': of 1945, enelImen
has climbed to wall over 18,000.
an increase of 10,000.
No Improvement Expuditu
University officials emhsi c
that none of the regular appropri-
ation or the requested deficiency
has been expended for capital im-
provements. with the excepuion of
$265,000 for emergency altera-
tion, of buildings and classroom
to provide for more intensive use.
The deficiency apprpriations
bill had been attacked by some
legislators during the senate de-'
bate who claimed that the colleress
were guilty of bad manu:ement in
incurring the extra expense.

A I oilI o ry'
Three fire trucks were called
nut late yesterday to extinguish a
minor blaze at the women's dorm
under construction just south of
We observatory.
'lhe fire was caused when a sal-
amander. set up to keep the work-
men warn. ignited wooden forms
around newly poured concrete.
Fire department oticials esti-
mate tat damage was slight.

i isia . Casts
Albaniani Veto
25-_ -V--Andrei A. Gromyko cast
Russia's tenth veto in the United
Nations Security Council today to
defeat a majority verdict against1
Albania for the mine-blasting of
two British destroyers in which
44 royal navy sailors were killed
in Corfu Channel last Oct. 22.
On this first anniversary of the
Security Council's initial session in
the United States---an occasion
saluted by President Truman in a
message reaffirming United States;
support of the United Nations-
Gromyko calmly raised his hand
in the necgative on a British reso-
lution helding that the mines'
could not have been laid "with-
out the knowledge of the Alban-
ian authorities."
Full Faith i. U.N.
WASHINGTON, March 25-(P:

Asserting that a majority vote
of the people does not "cure" the
viclation of constitutional require-
ments for the submission of pro-
posed amendments, Black argued:
1-The petition initiating the
proposal did not .include the re-
quired full text of the amendment;
2--The proposal was not pub-
lished in full with the existing pro-
visions of the constitution to be
3-The November general eled-
tion ballot contained no "true
and impartial" statement of the
purposes of the amendment and
that it has more than one purpose;
4-The State board of canvas-
scrs failed to carry out the pro-
cedural functions required by the
Stt TO Pre pare
For Medical Aid
LANSING, March 25 - (P) -
Governor Sigler sought today to
prepare Michigan for federal as-
sistance in obtaining more hospi-
tal beds and mental care facili-

Russian Plan For German
Is Termed No Comprois

On TI!ril Fioreigi i oicy

Divergent opinions concerning
the recent action of President
Truman in proposing aid to
Greece and Turkey and the rea-
sons for that action were ex-
pressed by the four faculty mem-
bers of the AVC foreign policy

that the present policy will have
more of the effect of bringing us
closer to war than of biinging
us cloper to peace. None of the
other speakers made any con.-
ment on this question.
Dr. Elder weld said that the

The recent Russian proposal for
a Germany based on the Weimar
constitution could lead to a high-
ly centralized state and is there-
fore "no compromise" with the
Western Powers, Prof. James H.
Meisel,'of the political science de-
partment, said in an interview.
"During the period of the

4$fully before any such pro
The earlier Russian sta
for a Very highly centraliz
many. France is at the<
extreme favoring a loose
tion of completely sovereig
The United States and
have taken a middle-of-
view, advocating a fe
whose member states would

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