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March 16, 1947 - Image 4

Resource type:
The Michigan Daily, 1947-03-16

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SUN4DAY, MARCH 16, 194A7



Community Experiment


AN 18-member committee of Detroit citi-
zens, appointed by Mayor Jeffries to
decide the feasibility for Detroit of an in-
dustrial peace board similar to the one
which has been functioning in Toledo, O.,
since 1935, held its first meeting Monday.
Members of the -Toledo Labor-Manage-
ment-Citizens Committe were present to
Olescribe to the Detroit committee the plan
which has brought to Toledo perhaps the
best labor-capital relations of any large in-
dustrial center in the country.
The Toledo plan had its genesis after
a series of strikes in 1935, when Edward
F. McGrady, then assistant secretary of
labor, proposed to the editors of the three
local newspapers that Toledo create a
local agency for maintaining industrial
peace. The plan was brought into the
formative stage, and Ralph A. Lind, the
director of the eighth district Labor Re-
lations Board of the NRA, was assigned
as an impartial chairman and organizer.
Until March, 1936, the peace board,
which consisted of five representatives of
labor, five representatives of management
and eight citizens representing the general
public, had no official recognition from the
city. It served simply as a round table
where a problem could be discussed by the
participants in the controversy in a neutral
A city ordinance in March, 1936, called
for the assumption o the board as a mun-
icipal activity at public expense, and Lind
was hired as a full-time director.
The basic principle of the Toledo In-
dustrial Peace Board, as set forth in its
charter, is this: Industrial harmony
means a practical, common-sense recog-
nition of the rights of both employers
and employees, the mutuality of their
interests and the importance of their
joint responsibility to the citizens as a
whole, whose interests transcend the sup-
posed rights of any group."
The tenets listed in the charter are also
of interest to. those who are now wondering
how this same plan will work in Detroit.
Stated briefly, they are as follows:
1. Management acknowledges the right of
employees to form and join labor organi-
zations and to bargain collectively.
2. Labor recognizes the inherent right of
management to direct the operations of the
3. Neither labor nor management should
discriminate against any employee because
.of race, creed or color.
4. Management and labor agree that im-
Editorials published in The Michigan Daily
are written by members of The Daily staff
and represent the views of the writers only.
By Saul Grossman
Keep a stiff upper lip and you can pull
home many a hopeless contract.
S 9 8
H Q 4
D K 7 3
C K Q J 10 7 5

provement in productive efficiency and
technological advances make possible higher
wages, a higher standard of living and in-
creasing employment.
5. Management and labor agree to submit
differences voluntarily to tlie Labor-Man-
agement-Citizens Committee.
6. Labor and management agree that an
educational program is desireable.
Industries accounting for 80 per cent of
Toledo employment participate in the pro-
gram. Threatened strikes and walk-outs
are submitted to three-member panels of
employers, labor representatives and neutral
citizens, chosen from the 18-member peace
The temporary committee which De-
troit's Mayor Jeffries has chosen, like the
Toledo committee, includes five repre-
sentatives each of labor and management
and eight neutral citizens. All of the
members are prominent Detroiters, and
the character of the committee as a
whole seems to be a good omen for the
success of the project.
McGrady, the initiator of the Toledo plan,
firmly believed that "most labor troubles
start as community problems," and that
local industrial disputes could be settled in
local communities by local persons.
The labor-management-citizens commit-
te plan for settling-as well as preventing-
industrial disputes will meet its severest
test in Detroit, the nation's greatest indus-
trial area. It worked in Toledo. If the mem-
bers of the committee, and the labor and
management groups that subscribe to these
principles, act in good faith, and if the
general public becomes educated to the
principles, it can work in Detroit. The na-
tion will be watching this comminity exper-
-Frances Paine



s K J 7 3
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East-West vulnerable. Dealer
The bidding:
East South West
Pass 1 H Pass
Pass 2 D Pass
Pass 3 NT Pass

Briffault, Scribner's. $3.00
DESPITE FLASHES of brilliance, Mr.
Briffault comes nowhere near his pre-
viously set standards in his memorable
novels, Europa and Europa in Limbo. Those
of us who had looked forward to Robert
Briffault's first novel since the fall of
France share a sense of disappointment in
an author who is willing to substitute phan-
tasy for plot, erudition for craftsmanship.
Possibly his enforced stay in occupied
France for the Great Duration may be held
to account,
Briefly, the story concerns itself with an
unbelievable Englishman, Anthony Whit-
ford, who finds himself legally declared dead
thru mistaken identity with a Polish mystic
-to whom Whitford had loaned his room
during his visit to London, the purpose of
the visit being that of collecting an in-
heritance of a few million of the best.
Shortly thereafter, a Mr. Martin appears
who, with fabulous wealth at his command,
smashes the intrigues of scheming finan-
ciers, aids the Loyalist cause in Spain, and
helps the British worker in his struggle
for a living wage. While accomplishing these
minor items, this mysterious Mr. Martin
turns up in various improbable disguises,
mostly that of a fantastic white Arab chief-
tain, Sid Harun, deep in the heart of the
Atlas mountains. To climax this, there is
a message: Democracy is through-look to
the East for the only moral force that can
save us.
Mr. Briffault has a good deal on his side:
scholarship and excellent historical aware-
ness of the degenerating forces within our
civilization. Against him is ranged flashy
and incompetent writing. The reader is
subjected to continuous overtones of mysti-
cism, the current rage. Witness: the latest
attestations of Huxley, Maugham et Cie.,
the revival of Kierkegaard, the flowering of
existentialism. It would seem the move-
ment is away from Art (reality) and toward
intuitive (read: introspective) revelations.
The important point to note is the similar-
ity of these futile and brittle heroes of
Briffault, Maugham, and even Silone and
Koestler. These protagonists usually repre-
sent Good combating Evil, man hopelessly
sweeping the Augean stables of Man's
thought, and, each leaning on his inade-
quate broom, offering a possible salvation:
Silone, a curious cross of neo-Communism
and 16th century Catholicism; Koestler,
despairing terrorism; Maugham, the mys-
terious East; and Briffault, the revelatory
"New Life of Mr. Martin" will, undoubt-
edly reach the fringe of best-sellers, but
even the Book-of-the-Month Club readers
will be disappointed.
-Ed Tumin
'* * * * ,
General Library List
Andrezel, Pierre-The Angelic Avengers.
New York, Random House, 1947.
Baruch, Dorothy W.-Glass House of Pre-
judice. New York, Morrow, 1946.
Collins, Norman-Dulcimer Street.
New York, Duell, Sloan and Pearce, 1947.
THE SCHOOL as a social institution de-
pends for its support upon what the
taxpayers of the community think about its
program of activity. Boards of education
move forward in gaining additional finan-
n* .,A A, 1,,. o +1. nn _11n +1

IOMIN IE £4: j
There is a tide in the affairs of men
Taken at its flood leads on to fortune;
Omitted all the voyage of their life
Is bound in shallows and in miseries:
And we must take the current when
it serves
Or lose our ventures.
Julius Caesar, Act IV, Sec. 3)
To have enjoyed even one aspect of Clas-
sical Greek, is to be forever on the side of
that remarkable people. Modern is not Clas-
sical, particularly in the Mediterranean;
yet one longs for an adequate peace for the
various peoples who have been pawns on
everybody's chess board for two thousand
years. Is not now the time for the United
States to be as generous as the Soviets were
toward us when they agreed to allocate the
Pacific Ocean to America? We could well
agree to consign the Mediterranean, not to
Russia, but to the United Nations. Now is
the time to create a World Government. To
investigate governments is the work of U.N.
If there could be called an expanded As-
sembly as seriously as San Francisco was
called, there might be some hope of a lasting
peace. Its initial act might be to take over
the Dardanelles, Gibraltr, Suez Canal,
Straits at Singapore, the Panama Canal,
and a few other international crossways.
Then the UN should lay hold of the accre-
tion of treaties and custom, make an inter-
national code for mankind, and accept ac-
countability directly to the people of the
Big Five and Little Fifty nations.
Leland Stowe, "whose observations were
suppressed when Churchill controlled the
destiny of everything from Gibraltar to
Teheran during the war, gives us the dic-
tionary necessary for current news. On page
246 of What Time Remains Stowe tells us of
Lt. General Scobie's British-India troops in
Greece; of the Mountain Brigade organized
by the British in Egypt but packed with
Greek royalists; of Security Battalions, as-
sociated with the Puppet-Premier John
Rhallis; of that Papandreou, another "pup-
ett"; and of Sir Rex Leeper who com-
manded Athens as the British Ambassador.
While all of these influences, plus the
former King operating in exile, plus the
EAM-ELAS, a Communist underground
movement, and the X-ites, a small ultra
royalist movement, have their followers, lit-
tle heroic and strategic Greece is starving.
Here is work for the UN, not for the US nor
any one nation within her membership.
How does such a distressing case get into
a column on religion? Because either we
help the United Nations Organization tran-
scend its limitations and give the world's
common people an orderly systematic gov-
ernment, or Christian culture will stand be-
fore history condemned as negligent and
criminal. Justification of the criminality
accusation might be difficult to substanti-
ate, just because no world law yet exists
as a norm. But morally there is in Jesus
Christ, the contribution of Aristotle and
the faith of nearly five hundred million
Christians, with Islam and Judism, a be-
lief in God which predisposes the Near East,
Russia, and the entire western world to
social responsibility and adequate political
instruments. Tomorrow may mean only
shallows and misery.
-Edward W. Blakeman
Counselor in Religious Education
Crnhans on
WOODY HERMAN is now a disc-jockey
Ft in L.A. The great Herman Herd no long-
er exists. Purists will probably cheer, Blue
Baron fans probably will, too, but there are

many, including myself, who will place
Woody Herman's band along with Benny
Goodman and Duke Ellington as one of the
three greatest swing bands of all-time.
About the last thing that Woody recorded
was the Woody Herman Woodchoppers Al-
bum (Co.-121), a set of eight sides including
"Pam," "Steps," "Lost Weekend," "Four
Men On a Horse," "Someday, Sweetheart,"
"I Surrender Dear," "Igor," and "Nero's
Conception." These are small-combo records
that feature the men that made the Herman
band so great, notably, Flip Phillips, Red
Norvo, Sonny Berman, Bill Harris, and the
powerhouse bass man, Chubby Jackson.
"Igor" and "Lost Weekend" are my first
choice mainly because they have brief trum-
pet spots by trumpeter Sonny Berman. Son-
ny's death of a heart attack a few weeks
ago at the age of twenty-one came as a shock
to jazz lovers. His tight and restrained, yet
melodic and inventive style was just get-
ting its due recognition. His playing was not
that of just another competent Dizzy Gilles-
pie imitator. but showed an originality and
"subtleness of phrasing" (an over-worked
term, but really applicable in this case) that
is pretty rare among many contemporary
"hipsters." Unfortunately Sonny's talents
were never amply recorded and consequently
collectors shouldn't let these records slip by.
--Malcolm Raphael

EDITOR'S NOTE: Because The Daily
prints EVERY letter to the editor
(which is signed, 300 words or less
in length, and in good taste) we re-
mind our readers that the views ex-
pressed in Leters are those of the
writers only. Letters of more than
300 words are shortened, printed or
omitted at the discretion of the edi-
torial director.
Women Vets Stand
To The Editor:
THE University Womens Veter-
ans Association, the only offi-
cially recognized woman veterans
group on campus, desires to clarify
its position in regard to House
Resolution 870, Increase of Sub-
sistence Allowance.
The following letter mailed to
the Honorable Edith N. Rogers,
Chairman, Committee on Veter-
ans Affairs, House of Representa-
tives, Washington, D.C., on March
6, 1947, is submitted in explana-
tion of our position.
"The University of Michigan
Women Veterans Association de-
sires to register its disapproval of
the above mentioned house reso-
lution now in committee.
"Our arguments are as follows:
"1. It is our understanding that
Public Law 346 was never intended
to completely sustain a veteran in
training but rather to assist in
"2. Increased subsistence would
effect further inflation, particu-
larly locally, and thus defeat the
purpose of an increase.
"3. As citizens we feel it unfair
to place an additional burden on
the taxpayers.
"At a recent Michigan Student
Veterans Conference, our organi-
zation registered its disapproval of
the measure, H.R. 870. We un-
derstand that a delegation from
the conference will attend the
hearing to be held March 7th and
8th. We wish to register our op-
position by this letter." '
-Anne Dearnley, President,
U. of M. Women Veterans
Subsistence View
To the Editor-
THIS TALK about raising sub-
sistence allowances to veter-
ans is thoroughly un-American
and even shameful!
The stipend now is over two
dollars a day! If you consider
that a vet pays five dollars a week
for a room, he still has over a
dollar a day to do with as he likes!
If this amount is insufficient for
such things as food, clothing, rec-
reation, transportation, insurance,
haircuts, cleaning, toilet articles,
and incidentals such as postage,
and stationery, he can always fall
back on his savings accumulated
in service.
All officers made nearly $300 a
month-and some had the good
fortune to make money on the
black market. Anybody who pre-
ferred to stay an enlisted man
for silly personal reasons, or be-
cause there was no choice, should
not be heard to complain that
those who took the opportunity to
serve their country in the highest
possible capacity can go to college.
There are even some who had
petty scruples about making mon-
ey on the black market, and it is
probably these very people plagu-
ing the tax-payers today with

cries for larger subsistence pay-
The American way is the com-
petitive way-and he who loses
his opportunity through his own
prudery should be permitted to
fall by the wayside.
-Andrew Bugosh
Recession Predicted
To The Editor:
IT APPEARS that our student
veterans are permitting the
wrong crowd of people to do their
thinking for them. That is the
only answer I can find for the
present clamour for an increase
in the veterans' subsistence.
Those who want greater bene-
fits have not stopped to think
about the reactions which will set
in if their plea is heard.
This extra sum of money in the
hands of the student veteran
would most definitely push the still
soaring cost of living still higher.
And the higher it goes the lower
it will fall when the recession sets
in. And don't let anyone kid you
into thinking there won't be any
recession. Already the stock mar-
ket is jittery, people are going on
buying strikes, inventories are be-
ing cut, and investments are de-
The additional subsistence would
be paid for by all of us and the
tax burden is already too great.
Can't we put a stop to this so-
cialistic trend of government ex-
pansion and dole? Don't we vet-
erans have any initiative any
more? God help America if we
don't soon wake up!
Before the war I worked sum-
mers so I would have enough
money for school. I worked nights
for money to go to school. But
now it appears, there are many of
us who would rather sacrifice the
good of the country than work for
an education.
It's time the veteran quit pity-
ing himself because of his war-
time losses. Let's put our shoulders
to the wheel.
-Gene C. Darnell
Popular Question
To the Editor:
ONE OF THE most popular
questions lately seems to be,
"What is a Communist?" The ans-
wer to this should stem from per-
sons who have studied Commu-
nism inside and out. That is an
ample reason why Monsignor Ful-
ton J. Sheen's discussions on Com-
munism help to throw light on the
answer to that question. Msgr.
Sheen is not just another rabid
anti-Communist but is one of the
most informed "non-Communists"
on just what a Communist is and
their American activities. He is
on the air at 6 p.m. Sunday eve-
nings (WWJ 940 K.c.) during the
Catholic Hour. For those of you
whorsay you aretnot Catholic let
me remind you that Communism
is anti-Christian and not just an-
ti-Catholic. With this view in
mind Msgr. Sheen presents his
discussions for other Christians as
well as Catholics.
-Francis G. Benesh
Great Rooks Course
To the Editor:
I wish to note a few points in
regard to the Literary College's

: --

CopIre. 47 by United Fatur. Syndcate, I 1c
/ f


--- - -
. .ri

"It's Iloover's report on Germany. I'll read it if ya promise
to muffle yer sobs."
Letters to the Editor...

decision to limit the new "Great
Books" course strictly to fresh-
men. Though I for one would like
to be a part of the University's
experiment, the fact that the fac-
ulty has ruled that only freshmen
may take the course deprives me
of the opportunity.
I he faculty's decision does not
sfeni consistent. For example, the
advanced English courses are
NOT open to freshmen except
under exceptional circumstances),
yet this admittedly most diffi-
cult of English courses will be lim-
ited to freshmen alone.
The "Great Books" course IS
considered difficult by faculty
members, and rightly so. If fif-
teen books are read each semester,
that would mean that the student
must read one classic a week.
Even if only portions of each clas-
sic were read, a minimum figure
of 200 pages (a conservative esti-
mate) would have to be covered
each week-comprehended, com-
pared, and remembered. Such a
course, along with three other
subjects, is a formidable under-
taking. Is the freshman, enter-
ing college for the first time, as
prepared for this course as the
sophomore with a year of college
experience and background?
Has the faculty considered the
quality of high school education
today?' Has not the deterioration
of teaching resulted in less well-
equipped high school graduates?
And will the study habits of fresh-
men next fall be as developed as
they would be after a year of col-
lege work?
There are many first year stu-
dents now in the University who, I
feel sure, would greatly desire this
opportunity to study a number of
Classics under expertsupervision.
The "Great Books" course pro-
vides the opportunity to realize an
ambition existent in many of us,
Yet I think it altogether likely
that students would have more
purpose, and would benefit more
from the "Great Books" course by
taking it in their second year of
As I understand it, there will be
only seven instructors teaching
the subject. Why not make a sur-
vey of the freshman class to as-
certain how many students might
desire- to take this course next
fall? If the demand is great
enough there should be no reason
for not opening the course to a
special group of sophomore stu-
dents in addition to-or even in
preference to-freshmen.
-Robert C. Wismer
Red Acivities
To, the Editor:
Letter writers, belling after
Reds, have overlooked a small
news item which recently ap-
peared on the editorial page. This
conceried two men who were os-
tracized by their fellow union-
workers and American Legion as-
sociates for "working too hard"
on a war-essential production
line. Social trends suggested by
this not uncommon incident de-
serve recognition and study.
To me, the incident indicates
that the liberalism of the people
which moulded our government
is suffering a social disease that
may eventually destroy it. With-
in the limits of the law, a man
denied the right to do his best
work is forced to put collective
good before his personal abilities
and so takes a significant step
towards totalitarianism.
March 6, a Mr. Sharpe stated
that current liberalism which he
considers "dynamic" is evinced by
"Trade unions and management
are currently working almost side
by side to defeat legislation which
would make arbitration of labor.
disputes-compulsory." Apparently,
Mr. Sharpe can see a sound rea-

son why union labor which repre-
sents a minority percentage of
this country's population should
be permitted power to disrupt our
entire economy. I believe that our
free government will not survive
unless legislation can check and
balance labor disputes. After all,
the government is the voice of all
the people.
Totalitarian threats against our
government lie in organizations
being developed and perpetuated
within our own boundaries by cit-
izens who give little or no thought
as to where their efforts are lead-
ing. These threats are far more
serious than that of small groups
of "intelligentsia" studying Marx.
Let us be careful 'lest anti-Red
activities, sired by political am-
bition, encourage us to vote on a
basis in 1948.
-M. Rutherford Minton
IRA Program
To the Editor:
LAST TUESDAY and Wednesday
a campaign was launched by
the Inter-Racial Association to
acquire new members. At the
table set up at the Union and the
League for the occasion many
questions were asked concerning
the purposes, aims and functions

of the association, and the ad-
vantages accruing to one affiliat-
ed therewith. Many people were
not quite sure they wanted to be-
long to an organization which ad-
vocated the free mingling of the
races. Was this the time and
place to begin so radical a depar-
ture from the status quo? Could
they be sure that this was not
just another Communist-front op-
erating under the guise of demo-
cracy? Was this a program mere-
ly for the benefit of Negroes or
were there channels into which
the efforts of all students, no mat-
ter what their recial or religious
backgrounds could be profitably
Some received satisfactory ans-
wers to their questions; many did
not. To those who are still some-
what hazy as to the aim of our
program, I should like to point
out that the primary, though not
sole objective of the IRA, is to
dispel and disprove the pre-con-
ceived, stereotyped conceptions of
various racial and religious min-
orities. It is our job to eradicate
the belief that all Jews are fabu-
lously and unnecessarily wealthy
and are invariably crooked; that
the Japanese are an inherently
treacherous breed; that all Ne-
groes are dirty, and that the ul-
timate objective of every Negro
man who advocates racial equality
is to have a white woman.
These are some of the more
pressing problems which we in our
own humble way attempt to solve.
We realize that most of our pre-
judice and pre-conceptions were
brought with us to Michigan; that
reading about the brotherhood
and equality of man in our his-
tory, sociology, anthropology and
psychology courses has little ef-
fect on our everyday experiences
when confronted with situations
in which these theories should be
applied. Reading alone is not
enough. Because these prejudices
are firmly rooted, it is only by
living, working, socializing, with
those people about whom such
opinions are held that we can dis-
pel these despicable beliefs and
put into practice the theory of
our books.
If there are any of you who
honestly believe, for instance, that
Negroes should have equal oppor-
tunity, but that you wouldn't care
to live, eat, or work with one, then
YOU need IRA. Come out and
work with the organization and
meet Negroes who are NOT ob-
jectionable and dirty, Jews who
are NOT deceitful, Japanese who
are NOT untrustworthy, white
people who ARE sincere.
To those who believe in this
thing called "equality without res-
ervations" and are desirous and
willing to fight for those beliefs,
I say, IRA needs you. This is
a sincere plea to come out and
join the ranks and give us a
-Carroll Little
IRA Executive Committee
To the Editor:
N THE March 3 issue of Time,
there occurred the following ar-
"A sweeping majority of the na-
tion seemed to agree on the card-
inal issue of U:S. policy toward
Russia. A Gallup poll reported
last week that 19% of the peo-
ple approved a continuation of
Jimmy Byrnes's firmness-with-
patience approach to Russia, but
that an additional 51% hoped that
Secretary Marshall would be even
firmer. Only 5% wanted softer
In the March 6 issue of the
Daily an excerpt of this article ap-
peared. The excerpt was made
by substituting a period for the
comma after Russia in the second
sentence and leaving out the rest.
Such "editing" is inexcusable.

-R. D. Sullivan
L71 rn & 1

2 C
3 C

North's bidding was somewhat optimistic
but not unwarranted when you consider
that his partner was Arthur Price, of Ann
Arbor, one of the most expert players in
the state of Michigan. Mr. Price has won
nore tournaments than he can remember,
and the way he played this hand, in a recent
League duplicate, is' one reason why he
is such a consistent winner.
West opened the 3 of Spades, East played
the Queen, and South took the trick with
the Ace. What card do you play now? You
can count six Club tricks and one Spade, but
before you can set up two additional tricks
in Hearts or Diamonds the opponents will
run their three Spades and two Aces.
Mr. Price did not hesitate a moment. He
laid down the Ace of Clubs! Now he led
the King of Hearts which West ducked,
trying to prevent the establishment of an
entry into Dummy's good Clubs. The next
lead was the Queen of Diamonds which East
refused to cover, also trying to prevent
Tov from gaining an entry. Mr. Price
blithely led the deuce of Clubs, ran the
sut, and generously conceded the last four
tricks to the opponents, having picked up
six Clubs, one Spade, one Heart, and one
Diamond to fulfill his contract.
Before you start calling East and West
any names, just ask yourself what you
would have done if you were sitting in

Fifty-Seventh Year
Edited and managed by students of
the University of Michigan under the
authority of the Board in Control of
Student Publications.
Editorial Staff
Paul Harsha ........ Managing Editor
Clayton Dickey...........City Editor
Milton Freudenheim .Editorial Director
Mary Brush .......... Associate Editor
Ann Kutz.............Associate Editor
Clyde Recht..........Associate Editor
Jack Martin ............ Sports Editor
Archie Parsons.. Associate Sports Editor
Joan Wilk.............Women's Editor
Lois Kelso .. Associate Women's Editor
Business Staff
Robert E. Potter .... General Manager
Janet Cork ......... Business Manager
Nancy Helmick ...Advertising Manager
Member of The Associated Press

fll 8..


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