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February 28, 1947 - Image 4

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Publication:
The Michigan Daily, 1947-02-28

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TEMIETiiAN DAILY

'eacher's Strikes

N A RECENT editorial the New York
Times came out strongly against teachers'
srikes. The opinion expressed was that
teachers, whose task is one of instructing
youth in respect for law,.order and govern-
ment, do not have a moral or legal right
to strike.
In the past weeks the Times has also con-
ducted a survey of conditions in the teach-
ing profession in which it revealed that
teachers in many parts of the country are
shamefully underpaid. However neither in
the editorial nor in the survey was any at-
tempt made to suggest a way for the shame-
fully underpaid teachers to improve their
condition.
Appqrently the Times takes the position
Editorials published in The Michigan Daily
are written by members of The Daily staff
and represent the views of the writers only.
NIGHT EDITOR: MARY RUTH LEVY
Egland's Crisis
HE BLIZZARDS which struck England
again this week hit northern Europe
with equal force, but it was England's pow-
er-short industry which received universal
attention.
For the continuation of the weather con-
ditions which have paralyzed England's coal
supply blocked still further the "exports
drive" on which her economy is thought to
depend, and the weakening of that economy
has already produced speculation on the
virtual elimination of England as a world
power on the level of the United States and
Russia.
England was facing a difficult economic
situation long before her fuel supply became
isolated by ice and snow. Her manufac-
tures have been dependent on large impor-
tatimnt of raw materials for many years. Be-
fore the last war, however, she was able to
pay for most of her imports with interest
from her foreign investments. But during
the war she not only liquidated many of
these investments, but also incurred heavy
debts on which she now must pay interest.
The result was her post-war "exports
drive", a concerted effort to increase ex-
ports on an increasingly competitive world
market. England was counting on the in-
eome froi those exports to pay for the raw
_ %te 'ials without which she cannot main-
tain her standard of living. Experts now
estimate, however, that the present curtail-
ment will cause a production drop of 10%.
Among the predictions of future scarcity
and restrictions have come indications that
the emergency may lead to immediate cuts
in the armed forces. These cuts, American
journalists have been quick to point out,
will include reductions in occupation troops,
throwing a greater burden on the United
States in jointly-occupied areas.
It is also thought probable that England
may not be able to live up to the Anglo-
American agreement to lift controls on
sterling balances by July 15. The free con-
version of sterling into other currencies had
formed a big part of financial reconstruc-
tion policy.
The possibility of further economy-inspir-
ed measures reducing England's power and
prestige is becoming very real. Even the
stolid New York "Times" is imagining "a
world without the weight of Britain in the
democratic scale." And England, struggling
to decide which industries will get her pre-
cious coal, is worried.
-Mary Ruth Levy

that although it is unfortunate that the
teachers are underpaid there is nothing
they can or should do but wait patiently
for an act of God, or what is even more
unlikely, some action froth the people who
control their salaries.
In this country striking is considered a
legitimate weapon for workers to use. Al-
though laws to control strikes are under
consideration striking is not illegal. There-
fore it seems unjustifiable to say that be-
cause teachers must inculcate respect for
law and order in their students they should
not be allowed to strike. The parents of
many of these students strike and get what
they demahd. There have been no strikes
among the majority of teachers and they
are still underpaid. The logical conclusion
which the students might be expected to
draw is that their teachers are "suckers"
for not striking. Such a conclusion is not
likely to lead to any greater respect for law
and order and may result in loss of respect
for the teachers.
Janitors in schools all over the country
have gone on strike demanding higher
wages and have gotten raises, while teach-
ers in these same schools who have only
requested raises in what is considered a
properly dignified manner are still under--
paid. The same comparison can be made
throughout industry. In factories where
labor is organized wages have been raised
either as a direct result of strikes or be-
cause the employers granted the increas-
es before the strikes took place. But the
"white collar" workers in the same fac-
tories who are unorganized and do not
strike are still struggling along on pre-
war wages. It is only natural that the
group that demands the most gets the
most, and at the salme time it is very easy
and convenient to forget those who do not
make demands.
It is true that there has been a great deal
of publicity given to the low salaries paid
to teachers and more and more people are
becoming aware that they should be raised.
However it is also true that in a situation
where raising salaries would result in rais-
ing taxes or lowering the appropriations to
other agencies it will take more than the
knowledge that something should be done to
bring about a change. It will take the know-
ledge that something must be' done if edu-
cation is to continue to bring action. Strik-
ing is the one immediate weapon that teach-
ers have to force this realization on the
public. To deny it to them is to deny the
opportunity to reach the position that ev-
eryone admits they deserve.
-Allegra Pasqualetti
I'D RATHER BE RIGHT:
Free A toms
By SAMUEL GRAFTON
PARIS-One comes back to Paris full of
Socialist conversations of Prague, and
the change is staggering. Once again one is.
in the kind of society which seems pulver-
ized, an individualist society of free atoms.
An American friend says he feels uneasy
going into good restaurants here for his little
dumplings of fresh pike, his steak and his
cheese that flows across the plate. He is
sure many French must resent the way visit-
ing foreigners can afford to eat. But in a
society of free, circling atoms what is one
to do? He would not make much of a politi-
cal point by dining badly, and so he is, he
indicates gloomily, compelled to be free.
With this freedom goes a kind of form-
lessness. You know, when you dig into
your Quenelles a la Mantua that there are
hungry people in the city, just as you know,
when you dip up your synthetic soup in
London, that there are not. It doesn't
make anything taste particularly worseor
better. But it does have a long-range ef-
fect. I asked a woman writer, who has
been here twenty years, what France would
be like in a year or two. She said, "I don't
have the beginnings of an idea."

"But," I asked, "what do you think
might happen?"
"I try not to think about it," she said. .
So the free atoms of this very free
French society circle about each other,
keeping their atomic distances. Suddenly
there is a strike of all newspaper workers,
no one knows quite how or why. It does
not seem to be politically inspired; the
trade union federation, and the Commu-
nists, who have great power in all labor,
oppose it. This is freedom defying even
forms through which men often organize
to fight; it is the dance of the atoms.
Through it all the odd point was that with
only English language papers left in the
Kiosks, there was not much discussion of
the strike. It dropped into that hole in
which the French today file many such
matters. They are used to living among
questions which are unanswered and un-
clarified; and the addition of one more
does not noticeably alter the atmosphere.
The government announces it is going to
sell extra gasoline tickets, at thirty francs
each, and the filling station proprietors im-
mediately go on strike for some of the
money. A friend wheels his car up to one
of the struck stations and the owner fills
the tank, while carefully explaining the
strike issues. His relations with the govern-
ment and with his own striking association

The City Editor's
SCRATCH PAD
OVER THE TEA TABLE at the Interna-
tional Center last week, I was reminded
that propaganda as a major political weapon
did not die out with the timely death of Dr.
Joseph Goebbels.
. An Arab student from Palestine told me
that when it comes to bringing the Arab
viewpoint on the explosive Palestine ques-
tion to the attention of the American public
his people don't stand a chance.
His reasoning is that with only a handful
of Arabs in America as against hundreds of
thousands of Zionists, the respective propa-
ganda mills are slightly unequal, to say the
least.
Some of the arguments he presented have
been given but little notice on lecture plat-
forms and in the public prints. He claimed
that Palestine never was a Jewish "home-
land," that when the Jews first moved into
the country, about 1200 B.C., the Canaanites
and Amorites-from whom the Palestinian
Arabs are descended-were already there.
Moreover, he said, Palestine can't take an
influx of 100,000 Jews, as suggested-by Pres-
ident Truman, because there aren't enough
means of livelihood to go around. He sug-
gested that Americans who are so zealously'
advocating a Jewish "homeland" consider
the possibility of lowering the bars of
immigration to the U.S.A.
His complaint that Americans ae getting
a rather one-sided picture of the Palestine
question was pointed up locally Wednesday
afternoon when a "huge protest rally" de-
manided that Palestine be opened to unlim-
ited Jewish immigration. No "huge protest
rally" on behalf of the Arab cause has been
held on campus, or anywhere else in this
country.
The point of all this is not that the Arabs
are right and the Zionists are all wet, but
that their opposing arguments ought to be
more equally considered. This country's
stand on the Palestine quetion Wiill be- an
important factor in the final settlement,
whether the British make the decision on
their own or the whole problem is thrwn
to the United Nations.
CEMA
At the Mendelssoim . .
TIHEBAKER'S WIFE (French dialogue,
English sub-titles), Raimu.
ALTHOUGH this film has some good
points from a technical aspect, it bogs
down deeply under an almost impossible
- story, requiring the audience to weep one
minute and to scream with laughter the
next. Most of the time one is Inclined just
to scream. -
Concerning a village baker whose only
strong points are his baking skill and his
beautiful wife, the plot revolves around the
community spirit aroused when the dis-
appearance of the wife causes the disap-
pearance of the bread froni the villagers'
tables.
The casting of the minor characters is
excellent, especially in the portrayals of the
village priest, the professor and the spin-
ster, all of them, admittedly types, but the
star Raimu, as the baker, is a tragi-comic
figure of painfully exaggerated proportions.
There are a few rare moments of real-
comedy in the picture, such as they scene in'
which the villagers set out on the wife-hunt,
but the episode in which the baker drowns
his sorrow in a bottle is nothing short of
pathetic, which is probably what it was
meant to be.
-Natalie lfgioow
ON WORLD AFFAIRS-:

Stronger UN?
By EDGAR ANSEL MOWRER
THE FOURTH American drive for an in-
ternational institution. able to prevent
war is under way.
From now on, American foreign policy-
makers in Washington and at' Lake Success
are going to have to reckon with a powerful
demand to strengthen the present United'
Nations into something that can prevent
wars between major powers - not in ten
years, now!
It is symptomatic that in this century,
four major attempts to eliminate war by
international action have started in the
United States. This is probably due to two
factors.
First, our country was the deliberate cre-
ation of men in the Thirteen Colonies. It
did not grow, it was made in answer- to a
need.
Second, an international institution of
free peoples must take a federal shape. The
United States is, with Switzerland, the only
successful federation.
Whatever the reason, Americans have
taken the lead in the recognition that war,
being made by man (unlike' the weather) is
susceptible to human cure. Just as indi-
vidual violence can be prevented only by
local law, so violence by nations (war) can;
be stopped only by law above the nations.
(Copyright.1947, Press Alliance, Inc.)

h 1o IM'MUNrI-y AL
-w '
Cyr 94ryU.tdFur y~at.Ic
~ m e~US o~Of-IIrgl rdre
The porsma

Letters to the Editor

BILL MAULDIN

rY r YW. nrrrwr m i ri r nM6rr
"S

EDITOR'S NOTE: Because The Daily
prints EVERY letter to the editor
(which is signed, .300 words or less
in length, and in good taste) we re-
mind our readers that the views ex-
pressed in le ters are those of the
writers only. Letters of more than
300 words are shortened, printed or
omitted At the discretion of the edi-
torial director.
*
Willow V illag;e
To The Editor:
N your article in Wednesday's
Daily concerning the use of
electrical appliances at Willow
Village, it was stated that no cap-
ital improvements can be made in
the Willow Village housing pro-
ject because of a directive from,
Washington.
The students, faculty, and staff
people from the University living
at Willow Village have the ethical
right to make improvements in
their living conditions if they are
willing to pay for them. This
directive from Washington pre-
vents certain capital improvements
which are essential to the morale
and welfare of the residenits of
Willow Village. The University pol-
icy of supporting the present re-
strictions on improvements at-
tempted by its people living in

DAILY OFFICIAL BULLET'IN I

(Continued from Page 2)
quested to file the titles of their
dissertations with the Recorder.
Men's Housing Applications for
the Simmer Session 1947: Men's
housing applications for the Sum-
mer Session 1947 for Residence
Halls will be accepted after March
3. Application blanks may be ob-
tained at the Main Desk at the
East and West Quads, West Lodge
at Willow Village, or the Office of
Student Affairs, Rm. 2, University
Hall. Students now enrolled at the
University who are planningto
continue for the summer, and
those admitted for the Summer
Session are eligible to apply.
James W. Glover Scholarship
in Actuarial Mathematics:
Tuition scholarship available for
1946-47 in the Rackham School of
Graduate Studies or the School of
Business Administration. Appli-
cants must be in residence at the
University of Michigan and must
have completed or expect to com-
plete by the end of the University
year in which they apply (1) all
requirements set by the Univer-
sity for the Bachelor of Arts de-
gree and (2) all prerequisites for
Mathematics 221. Interested stu-
dents should apply before March
7th on a form to be obtained at
the Mathematics Office, 3012 An-
gell Hall.
Honors and Leaders -Physical
Education for Women:
Please bring tennis shoesfor
next class meeting to be held at
the Women's Athletic Building on
March 3 and 4.
Pennsylvania Railroad-Mr. J.
F. Swenson, Division Engineer,
will interview interested seniors on
Wed., March '5. Appointments can
be arranged with Mrs. Poe in
Transportation Library, 1026 E.
Engineering Boldg. All interested
invited'.
Teaching Opportunities in Glen
Ridge, New Jersey. Glen Ridge is
interested in securing young -men
for their teaching staff. Call the
Bureau of Appointments for fur-
ther information.
Mr. Mark Sehinnerer, Assistant
Superintendent of Schools in
Cleveland will interview candi-
dates for teaching kindergarten
and elementary grades on March
10. Call 4141-Ext. 489 for appoint-
ments.
The Texas Company will have
four representatives at the Bureau
of Appointments, 201 Mason Hall,
on Mon., Maich 3. Mr. W. A. Mc-
Millan, Assistant Director of Re-
search, will interview men inter-
ested in Research and Develop-
ment. This includes organic chem-
ists, analytical research chemists,
analysts, physical ch'emists, chem-
ists, chemical engineers, and me-
chanical engineers.. Mr. R. Powell,
Supervisor of Processing, will in-
terview men interested in Process-
ing. This includes chemical engi-
neers and peti'oleum engineers.
Mr. H. B. Peters, Assistant Chief
Engineer, will interview men in-
terested in Engineering. This in-
cludes chemical engineers,.civil en-
gineers, mechanical engineers, and
electrical engineers. Mr. W. I.

Moody, Manager, Industrial Rela-
tions, Foreign Operations Depart-
ment, will interview men interest-
ed in Foreign Service. This in-
cludes sales and producing. Call
at the Bureau for further infor-
mation.
Football Tickets: A trial was
held last December 2 for those
students accused- of falsifying
their number of semesters in res-
idence at the University in order
to obtain upperclass seats at the
home football games. The fol-
lowing students were asked, by
mail to appear at this trial but
were not in attendance: Herbert
R. Buckner, Lillian K. Cohn, Gor-
don- K. Craig, Ralph E. DeVore,
Anna Mae M. Felts, Lee I. Fish-
er, Daniel H. Gilbert, Morton M.
Harty, Orlin C. Heller, Joseph'
Hooper, Burton Hunter, John S.
King, Maurice T. Merlan, Fred-
erick E. Meyer, Paul E. Morgan,
Charles J. Moss, Marjorie P. Mul-
lin, Donald L. Otto, Robert J. 01-
shefsky, Sydney . M. Rogers, Rob-
ert A. Schnaars, LeRoy F. Scott,
Leon Schulman, Sam Stedman,
Clarence P. Stemmer, Edmund N.
Walsh and Catherine B. Wren.
Men's Judiciary Council shall
hold office hours from 3 p.m. to
5 p.m. on Tues., March 4 and
Thurs., March 6, in Rm. 308, Un-
ion, in order that these students
may appear to admit their guilt
or establish that they were cred-
ited with 60 hours before the end
of last semester. If any of these
does not appear, he will suffer
the maximum penalty approved
by the University Committee on
Discipline for this offense.
University Community Center
1045 Midawy
WillowRun Village
Fri., Feb. 28, 8 pm., Lenten
S e r vi c e, Interdenominational
Church; 8:45 p.m., Duplicate
Bridge Session. Party Bridge.
Open House. Music for dancing.'
Refreshments.
Village residents are urged to
tune in WPAG broadcast of the
Community Calendar of the Air
at 10:40 a.m. daily except Sunday.
Announcements of interest to the
Village and the surrounding com-
munities are made.
Lectures
University Lecture: Professor
Aaron J. Sharp, University of
Tennessee, will lecture on the sub-
ject, "Disjunct Areas of the De-
ciduous Forest in Mexico and
Guatmala" (illustrated), at 4:15
p.m., Fri., Feb. 28, Rackham Am-
phitheatre; auspices of the De-
partment of Botany.
University Lecture: Dr. Gustave
M. Gilbert, formerly of the Bard
College faculty, and former Clini-
cal Psychologist and Prison Psy-
chologist with the U. S. Army, will
lecture on the subject, "A Psychol-
ogist in the Nuremberg Jail-Life
with the Nazi War Criminals," at
4:15 p.m., Tues., March 4, Rack-
ham Lecture Hall; auspices of the
Department of .Psychology. The
public is invited..
Mr. Laurence Sickman, curator
of Oriental Art of the William
Rockhill Nelson Gallery of Art in
Kansas City, will give an illustrat-
ed lecture at 4:15.p.m., on Fri.,
March 7,. Rackham.Amphitheatre.
His subject will be, "Archaeologi-

cal Research and Discoveries in
China During the War Years."
The public is cordially invited,
auspices of the Department of
Fine Arts.
Academic Notices
Make-up Final Examination,
Economics 51, 52, 53, and 54
3:15 p.m., Thurs., March 6, Rm'.
207 Economics.
Algebra Seminar: 4:15 p.m., Fri-
Feb. 28, 3201 Angell Hall. Mis
Davidson speaks on Frobenian
Algebras.
Biological Chemistry: Seminar,
10 a.m., Sat., March 1, Rm. 319 W
Medical Bldg. Subject: The Meta-
bolism of the sulfur-containing
Amino Acids. All interested are
invited.
Mathiematies: Short Course in
Mathematics will be given this
year by Professor Steenrod. The
subject will be Fiber Bundles.
A meeting to arrange the hours
will be held at 5:30 p.m., Fri., Feb.
28, 3011 Angell Hall.
Mathematics Seminar on Com-
plex Variables: 10 a.m., Sat.,
March 1, 3011 A. H. Mr. Gale will
speak on the Riemann mapping
theorem.
Mathematics Seminar on Dy-
namical Systems: 3 p.m., Mon.,
March 3, 3011 A.H. Prof. Steenrod
will speak on Paincore's last geo-
metric theorem.
Concerts
Faculty Recital: Helen Titus,
Assistant Professor of Piano in the
School of Music, will be heard in a
program at 8:30 Sunday evening,
March 2, in Lydia Mendelssohn
Theatre. Program: Beethoven's
Sonata, Op. 27, No. 1, Griffes' Ro-
man Sketches, Op. 7 Scenes from
Childhood, Op. 15 by Schumann,
and Sonata No. 3 in E by Finney.
The public is cordially invited.
Student Recital: Arlene Burt,
student of violin under Gilbert
Ross, will present a -program in
partial fulfillment of the orequire-
ments for the degree of Master of
Music at 8:30 p.m., Mon., March
3, Rackham Assembly Hall. Pro-
gram: compositions by Vitali,
Saint-Saens, de Falla, and Bloch,
and will be open to the general
public.
Organ Recital: Lynda Peltz will
present an all-Bach program at
4:15 p.m., Sun., March 2, Hill Au-
ditorium, in partial fulfillment of
the requirements for the degree of
Bachelor of Music. Miss Peltz has
been a pupil of the late Prof.
Palmer Christian. The program
will be open to the general public
with the exception of small chil-
dreij.
Exhibitions
The "Incas," an exhibition of 32
photographs by Life photographer,
Frank Scherschel, Ground floor
corridor, College of Architecture
and Design, current through Feb-
ruary 28.
The Museum of Art presents two
exhibitions: Forty Modern Prints,
(Continued on Page 6)

Willow Village pts the University
in a very embarrassing ethical
dilemma.
Two ways out of the present dif-
ficulty are obvious: The tniverskty
administration might offer to un-
derwrite the cost of rewiring the
ats of the' Village whee Unie
sity people live. If ths cannt bh
done, the newly organized Willow
Village government might well car-
ry on a campaign to have the
directive prohibiting capital im-
provements modified or abolished
The present policy of the Uni-
versity of using disciplinary mea-
sures to prevent students from
using equipment not allowed by
FPHA regulations, can only lead
to a great deal of resentment on
the part of University people liv-
ing in Willow Village. A more con-
structive policy on the part of the
University would be to atte pt tc
eliminate the conditions which
make such restrictive housing reg-
ulations necessary. In the case ol
the -present trouble over the use
of electrical appliances, the Uni-
versity ought to attempt to get the
Village units in which its people
live rewired rather than applying
disciplinary measures.
--Robert O. Smith
A Yd Mebers
To The Edtor:
YOU recently printed some very
AY n:treting staistics aboutth
AYD: that ten percent of itstoa
membership consists of Commu-
nists and that this ten percent h
represented by 50 percent of the
national officers of the group. Thi
is not really surprising, and it i
not as frightening as many people
seem to believe, but it does con-
stitute a very significant message
to the 90 percent of the member-
shipl who are not Communiss
This is, that the majority of ths
non-Communist liberals are only
half-hearted citizens. They jin
groups like AYD,pay their duesat-
tend meetings, applaud the speak-
erts, and vote with the majority, but
they decline to take any initiative
or leadership, and between meet-
ings they forget that they belong
It is, on the other hand, almost
impossible in this country to be a
half-hearted Communist. A Com-
munist, regardless of what may be
said against him, is usually a very
hard worker for his beliefs, and is
not afraid to speak . out and tc
take positions of responsibility ahd
Editor's Note: Although The
Daily received (and has on file)
the letter signed "Pierce Cory-
ell" which ran in yesterday s
column under the head "For L
-Better World," Mr. Coryell has
informed us that he did not
write or sign the letter.
leadership. The usual result of all
this is the kind of lop-sided( and
undemocratic) representation that
we have in-the AYD. I don't be-
lieve that AYD could be called a
Communist controlled group at
this time, but there is apparently
a possibility of its becoming one,
There are two, and only two,
choices for the non-Communist
members of AYD. We can aband-on
AYD to the Coxpmunists, thus re-
ducing its membership by 90 p r-
cent, making it a group of such
insignificant size that even ov
ernor Siger would be unlike t
notice its existence, and leaving
ourselves without an organization
Or we can assert ourselves within
it, and, take, by the democratic
methods that are open to us, ox
proportionate share of the leader-
ship. If we do neither, we wil
gradually find ourselves support-
ing more and more objectives thai
we do not believe in, and in the
end find ourselves purged as "sub-
versives," when in reality we are
only saps. --David F. Rose

j g

CURRENT

MOVIES

At the State.."

CALENDAR GIRL (Republic),
Frazee, William Marshall

Jane

THIS IS an unpretentious minor musical
that runs to adequate entertainment.
The story concerns a daring (for 1900) cal-
endar portrait that falls in the class of
pin-ups. The scene is laid in Greenwich
Village and the set is rife with the more
Bohemian talent of the day plus the local
fire depatment, headed by Victor McLag-
len, who hasn't changed a bit. There's plen-
ty of corn, but it's more or less honest.
At the Michigan . .
THE VERDICT (Warners), Peter Lorre,
Sydney Greenstreet, Joan Lorring.'
THIS IS the usual Greenstreet - Lorre
formula that Warners whips up every
now and then and that always adds up to
competence if nothing else. The murder
this time is something of a perfect crime.
The unraveling of the plot is carried off
without a hitch. There are a few comedy
moments to lighten the normal burden of
suspense. Everyone acts along with the
skill an(, precision of well-oiled machines.
Peter Lrre, if you like Peter Lorre, is still
worth the price of admission.
-Joan Fiske

.

Fifty-Seventh Year
Edited and managed by studen
the University of Michigan unde
authority of the Board in Contr
Student Publications.
Editorial Staff
Paul Harsha.........Managing I
Clayton Dickey...........City E
Milton Freudenheim .Editorial Di:
Mary Brush..........Associate M
Ann Kutz ............Associate 1
Clyde Recht......... Associate 3
Jack Martin ........Sports.I
Archie Parsons Associate Sports I
Joan Wilk.........Women's >
Lynne Ford Associate Women's I
Business Staff
Robert E. Potter .... General Ma
Janet Cork......."Business Ma
Nancy Helmick .. Advertising Ma

BARNABY

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