PURDu E RFEI AYS
VOL. LVI, No. 96 ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN SUNDAY, MARCH 24, 1946
PRICE FIVE CENTS
UNO Depends on
By The Associated Press
GRAND RAPIDS, Mich., March 23-Senator Vandenberg (R-Mich)
declared tonight the United Nations "cannot survive in its present form"
if Russia and America ever fall apart.
The tall lawmaker, who helped draft the United Nations Charter and
was a delegate to the first UNO General Assembly, added that there never
need be war between Russia and the United States "if common sense and
realism shall govern our foreign policies in Washington and Moscow."
Although Vandenberg found the progress made so far by the UNt
"deeply encouraging," he said the answer still is missing to "the paramount
-------°- conundrum of modern times"-
"What is Russia up to now?"
rogressves "Of course the United Nations
cannot survive in its present form
if the so-called 'Big Five' fall apart,"
Return to GOP he said and added:
"Particularly it cannot survive in
Wiits present form if the 'Big Two'-
Russia and America-fall apart."
The phrase "in its present form"
1LaFollette May Back was outlined each time it occurred
in his manuscript.
StyIssen in '48 Eletioi "I reassert, as I did upon the Sen-
ate floor," he said, "that we can live
(special to The Daily) together in reasonable harmony if
MILWAUKEE, March 23-Repub- the United States speaks as plainly
lican party leaders here said today upon all occasions as Russia does; if
that return of the Progressives to the the United States just as vigorously
party fold may clinch the state for sustains its own purposes and ideals
the GOP in the 1948 Presidential upon all occasions as Russia does; if
election, but they predicted that Sen- we abandon the miserable fiction, of-
ator Robert M. LaFollette, Jr. will ten encouraged by our fellow-travel-
face strong opposition in securing the ers, that we somehow jeopardize the
endorsement of the state Republican peace if our views are as firmly de-
nominating convention for reelec- Glared as Russia's always are; and
tion this year. if we assume a moral leadership
Fear LaFollette 'Domination' which we too frequently have allow-
Although Governor Walter Good- ed to lapse."
land favors return of the Progres- Vandenberg said he knows Ame-
sives to the party, some state. Re- ca does not want war, and he does
publican leaders fear a renewal of not believe the Soviets do either. He
LaFollette "domination," which added:
marked Republican politics until "I think they will continue to press
1924, when the senior LaFollette bolt- for every advantage they can get,
ed the party and ran for President on according to their own nationalist
the newly-formed Progressive ticket. lights, short of major war. That is
Some Wisconsin Republicans pre- their business. We have encouraged
dict that LaFollette will team with them in it by our secret diplomacy
Goodland to back Harold Stassen, and our surrenders at Yalta and else-
former Governor of Minnesota, for where when we were under the press-
President in 1948. ures of the exigencies of war.
To Lead Liberal Wing
It is a foregone conclusion here
that LaFollette will be a leader of the UNO President
liberal° wing of the Republicai prtyf.
The Progressives were allied with the H ails Stali's
New Deal after 1934, and in 1940 ~ il
Henry Wallace asked Wisconsin Dem-
ocrats to vote for Lapollette, rather Peace Statem ent
than the Democratic candidate, be-
cause of his record in the Senate. LONDON, March 23-Paul-Henri
A possible effect on national poll- Spaak, President of the United Na-
tice is seen in the statement by some tions Organization, hailing General-
Republicans here that LaFollette will issimo Stalin's expression of faith in
have to "confirm" if he expects to the peace agency as "a very impor-
gain and maintain Republican sup- tant statement," said tonight that if
port. the principles set forth by the Rus-
LaFollette's decision to return to sian leader were carried out, peace
the GOP is generally interpreted as would be established throughout the
an expedient, since the Progressives world.
polled only five per cent of Wisconsin Stalin's statement won action in
votes in 1944. world capitals for easing tension en-
gendered by diplomatic disputes. But
Lecture Tickets praise for his declaration on the
United Nations organization was
mixed with some criticism of the
W ill Be Sold Soviet role in the Middle east and the
Soviet attitude on other pressing
Open wrld matters.
Marital TalksOpen to woSpaak recalled that "the policy and
Vets, Grads, Senioars the principles" expressed by Stalin
had been "expressed before by repre-
Tickets for the five lectures on sentatives of the Soviet at interna-
marriage relations for seniors, grad- tional meetings," but added that use
uates, veterans and veterans' wives of the words by Stalin himself meant
will be on sale tomorrow and Tues- that "peace will finally be estab-
day in the Union and League. lished.'
Identification cards or University
cashier's receipts must be presented Atom Tests May Be
at the time of purchase. Series tickets
which cost a dollar will be on sale Postponed Further
from 11 a.m. to 1 p.m., and from 3
to 5 and 7 to 8 p.m. No tickets will WASHINGTON, March 23-(P)-
be sold at Willow Village.
oln elete tickets will be A possibility arose today that the
N si ge l cu e tc es wl be atom bomb tests may be put off still
available and no tickets will be on further, in the interest of world
sale at the door. Tickets are not amity.
transferable and no visitors' tickets Two high administration sources,
will be issued. closely linked with preparations for
Dr. Ernest G. Osborne of Colum- the experiments in the Pacific, said
bia University will open the lecture i they may be postponed indefinitely,
series with a discussion of "The His-
By The Assoeiated Press
ATLANTIC CITY, NI.,. March 23
-President R. J. Thomas of the CIO-
United Auto Workers accused indus-
try and "top leaders of the AFL" to-
day of conspiring to destroy the CIO
"from within" after having failed
The auto chief, addressing the
opening session of the UAW-CIO'1
tenth convention, singled out David
Dubinsky, president of the Interna-
tional Ladies Garment Workers Un-
ion (AFL) for attack and made an
oblique reference to John L. Lewis,i
president of the United Mine Work-
His speech embraced a ten -oint i
program for the union including "in-
dustry-wide" agreements and an an-
nual wage guarantee for auto indus-
Accuses Aiding Strikers
"There is a man in the AF,"
Thomas said, "who during the Gen-
eral Motors strike gave money to the
General Motors strikers.
"I say to you frankly that I am
worried about that situation. That
same man, during the period before
Homer Martin was expelled from our
union, gave $25,000 to the UAW-CIO.
That man is none other than Dave
"There are many people who say
Dave Dubinsky is an honorable man.
But I say he's a good friend of John
(At New York, Dubinsky said "there
is not one word of truth" to Thomas'
("It is true that I am a good friend
of John L. Lewis," Dubinsky added.
"That is the only truth.")
Runs Against Reuther
Thomas, who has headed the Un-
ion in an unbroken series of terms,
faces a battle now with Water P._
Reuther, General Motors strike lead-
er, who tonight announced thathe
would seek the UAW-CIO presidency.
The convention will elect officers ons
Col. Miller Will
JAG Commander Will
Take Panama Post
Assigned as staff judge advocate to
the commanding general, Panama de-
partment, Col. Reginald C. Miller,'
commandant of local Army units
and the JAG school, will leave to-+
morrow for his new post.
He will be stvceeded as comman-
dant of the ROTC and Post Hostili-
ties Training program by Lt. Col.
John B. Evans, professor of military
science and tactics here.
Prior to his appointment as com-
mandant, Col. Miller served as direc-
tor of the military affairs department
of the JAG school here since Gebru-
ary, 1943. In December, 1944, he suc-
ceeded Col."Edward . Young as
A graduate of the University of Ne-
braska, he practiced law in Omaha,
Neb., before entering the Army. Dur-
ing his army career, Col. Miller held
positions at Jefferson Barracks, Mo.,
and in the War Department. A for-
mer infantry-reserve officer, he was
commissioned in the regular army in
'Russian Troops May
Go' - Premier Qvam
By JOHN M. HIGHTOWER
NEW YORK, March 23-(W)-Hope
of a real break in the Iranian crisis
ran strong among United Nations of-
ficials today, and it appeared the Se-,
curity Council, meeting Monday,
might pass without injury its most
dangerous test to date.
UNO speculation based on state-
ments by Premier Ahmed Qavam in
Tehran is that in the next few days
the Russians may begin to pull their
troops out of Iran and back into Rus-
.Such a movemenit would take the
wind out of the Iranian crisis, reduc-
Pre i jp Sees Solution
TEHRAN, March 23-(P)-Pre-
mier Ahmed Qavam declared today
he was "sure a satisfactory solu-
tion, one way or another, will be
found" to Iran's dispute with
Soviet Russia, but added that evac-
uation of Russian troops remains
the "fundamental problem" to be
lie asserted that a letter sent to
United Nations Secretary General
Trygve Lie by Hussein Ala, Iran-
ian ambassador to the United
States, was "unauthorized." He
said he had sent a telegram to Ala
instructing him "to avoid any
statements or action contrary to
diplomatic ethics and likely to lead
to further misunderstandings."
Ala's letter had' pressed hape
that consideration of Iran's case
against the Soviet Union would not
be delayed by the Security Council,
as requested by Russia.)
ing it to a situation the Security
Council should be able to handle with
This speculation privately expressed
by many authorities here was
checked, however, by their fear that
nothing might come of the bright
prospects raised by Qavam-pros-
pects heightened by Prime Minister
Stalin's assurances yesterday of Rus-
sian backing for UNO.
One new, element of uncertainty is
just where the Iranian government
stands at the moment in relation to
Russia, the United States and Brit-
Russia is asking for a delay in ac-
tion by the Security Council until
April 1Q. The United States has come
out for immediate action and so has
Be Dr. Mei' s
The philosophical backgrounds of
traditional Chinese thought and so-
cial practice will be presented by Dr.
Y. P. Mei in a University lecture en-
titled "Confucius and Confucianism"
at 4:15 p.m. tomorrow in Kellogg Au-
The speaker, president of Yenching
University and former president of
Peking University, is now conducting
a series of lectures at various univer-
sities. Tomorrow's lecture is spon-
sored by the Department of Philoso-
phy and the International Center.
Following undergraduate work at
Oberlin College, Dr. Mei obtained his
Ph.D. degree at the University of
Chicago and studied at Cologne Uni-
versity, Germany, in 1927-28. He
became acting president of Oberlin-
in-China in 1934 and dean of liberal
arts at Yenrhing University in 1936.
Dr. Mei has also held a number of
governmental positions as director
of Kansu Science Education Insti-
tute and secretary of the Chinese In-
Arriving in Ann Arbor this after-
noon, he will attend the Interna-
tional Center program at 7:30 p.m.
today in Rms. 316-20 of the Union.
Slides of West China belonging to
Dzh ulfa -.
- o- _ -B-k_ "- IR a
-T ABR IZ
-ua - ~ublg - *i -/-A
Sardasht .Baneh '
o 00 Kermanshah
TRIBESMEN ATTACK-Iranian planes (symbols) were
from Hamadan and Kermanshah in support of Iranian ga
Sardasht and Baneh in Kurdistan and Saqqiz in Azerbala
were under attack by Kurdish tribesmen.
Russia Promises Withdrawi
From Manchuria by April 3
Chinese Government Expresses Relief
Communists Reported Maneuvering at
By The Associated Press
WASHINGTON, March 23-Presi-
dent Truman bid strongly tonight
for more "unity" and "responsibility"
kstara in a Democratic party whose enlight-
ened internationalism" he credited
- with bringing America to a position
of world leadership.
It is the party's responsibility, he
said, to "continue to lead the way"
toward friendship with all peoples
-- and strengthening of the United Na-
- = tiaras.
4 .. Strong Plea for Party Unity
- To fellow Democrats gathered at
l some 300 Jackson Day rallies here
and around the country, the Presi-
ent emphasized in his first speech
- with a definite political tag that:
'- "I cannot make too strong my plea
- for party unity and, party responsi-
Wallace Describes Turncoats
Speaking immediately. before the
- Chief Executive-both addresses were
broadcast-Wallace declared "Great
"' - harm" had been done in the party by
"those who have joined in a coalition
against progress," who wrap them-
selves with the traditions of Jeffer-
son and, Jackson, but "whose actions
belie their pretensions."
Mr. Truman skipped any mention
of the Congressional elections com-
ing up this fall and the Presidential
balloting in 1948.
operating Wallace, however, declared a Re-
irrisons at publican Congressional victory would
Jan which have a "gravely disturbing effect" on
the whole international situation be-
cause "the traditional Republican
isolationist policies would inevitably
lead to world disaster."
Hard Blows Must Be Struck
Placing Mr. Truman in the cor-
pany.of Jefferson, Jackson, Lincoln
Wilson and Roosevelt, Wallace said
no President can hit hard in the
; people'scause without being reviled.
t Jehol "But now is the time when hard
blows must be struck," hie went on
"Now is the time for us to earn the
by treaty. Bothbitter opposition of selfish men of
I by Russians. special interests.
Wallace termed the Republican
ency said 5,000 party leadership "reactionary" and
ad filtered in- "true to their big stockholders." To
hurian city of them, he said, property always must
Daily News come first.
sts troops were Plugs for Housing
ng Jehol pro- He put in another plug for a 2,700-
000-home housing program which
the administration submitted to Con-
gress. It took a buffeting in the house,
where southern Democrats teamed
* up with Republicans 'to strip away
tcation proposals for price ceilings on old
dwellings and subsidies for extra
production of building materials.
System The president termed these fea-
.outinized' tures "vital." He said they are in-
tended to halt further inflation in
hich now beset real estate.
ation must be
ed, Prof. E. C.
LePof . .-Science Groups
U'niversity edu- Ce c O
id here yester-
n of a confer- To Meet Here
chools are the University scientific groups will
d habits which meet to discuss federal aid for re-
d and routin- search at 8 p.m. tomorrow in the
exists between Rackham Auditorium
[boards, school President Alexander G. Ruthven
ie community. will act as presiding officer, and
procedures in questionnaires covering governmen-
judged on the tal support to science will be collect-
make teachers ed. Results will be sent to U. S. Sen-
geous or wheth- ators and Representatives in Wash-
se existing feat ington.
pointed out. Prof. Robley C. Williams of the
Michigan De- physics department will open the
nstruction, the meeting with a survey of the pres-
vo days to con- ent legislative situation in this field.
hich must be Merits of different bills will be dis-
new secondary cussed by Prof. Lawrence O. Brock-
a community way of the chemistry department,
vide basis. Prof. Thomas Francis of the School
of Public Health, and Prof. Robert
B. Hall of the geography department.
A general discussion will conclude
the meeting. Organizations attend-
ves ing are Sigma Xi, the Association of
esUniversity of Michigan Scientists,
SIt? the Research Club, the Science Re-
oes . search Club, the Women's Research
Club, the American Association of
University Professors, and faculty
ppliance store. members in the social sciences.
dollar bill at-
at a man had CT A M pt; n ty ! tir
CHUNGKING, March 23-(AP)-
The Chinese Government announced
today that Russia had promised to
withdraw all Red Army troops from
Manchuria by April 30, as reports
circulated that Chinese Communists
were maneuvering to move in behind
Relief was expressed over the Rus-
sian note, but the domestic scene was
darkened by growing evidence of
non-cooperation between the Com-
munists and Chiang Kai-shek's Kuo-
Foreign minister Wang Shih-chief
told the people's political council
that Russia had delivered Friday the
long-awaited reply to a Chinese note
asking when the Red Army would
carry out its agreement to quit Man-
Wang, pressed for details, promised
to furnish a written report of nego-
tiations over Manchuria, a subject
concerning which the government
has been highly secretive.
Communists Enter Harbin
Government sources said it was
unlikely that the Soviet troop with-
drawal would apply to Darien or
Port Arthur, where Russian rights
'Ensian Drive Begins
An intensive campaign for the
sale of Ensians will begin tomor-
row, Florence Kingsbury, manag-
ing editor, announced yesterday.
Subscriptions will be sold at
posts on campus and at the Stud-
ent Publications Building through-
out this week, and all sales will
end April 15.
have been established b
are heavily garrisoned
The central news age
Chinese Communists h
to the northern Manc
Harbin. The World
charged that Communi
massing in neighboriv
Kelley Says .
Has Been R
"Fear complexes" w]
secondary school educ
combated and destroy
Kelley of the Wayne U
cation school declare
day in the final sessio
ence on curriculum p
He said secondary s
victims of patterns an
have been formalized
ized by fear whichE
teachers, pupils, school
administrators and thi
New practices and
education should bej
basis of whether they
and pupils more courag
er they tend to increa
complexes, Prof. Kelly
Sponsored by the
partment of Public I
conference devoted two
sidering problems w
solved in devising a
school curriculum on
rather than a state-w
torical Badkground of Marriage" at
8:15 p.m. April 2 in Rackham Audi-
Maj. Sprague Gardner of the Army
Medical Corps, formerly a member of
the University Hospital Staff in the
Department of Obstetrics and Gynec-
ology, will speak April 9 on "The
Anatomy and Physiology of Repro-
duction" and April 10 on "The Medi-
cal Basis for Intelligent Sexual Prac-
Final lectures in the series will be
given by Dr. Lee Vincent, psychologist
in the Merrill-Palmer School, De-
troit. She will discuss "Courtship
and Pre-Marital Relations" April 16
and "Psychological Adjustments in
Marriage" April 23.
Coeds Should Budget Time
Properly, Dfr. Cooke Declares
By RAY SHINN
Decrying the Michigan coed's
seemingly habitual practice of going
with as little sleep as possible, Dr.
Alma L. Cooke, of the Health Ser-
vice staff, has made what she con-
siders her most serious charge
against campus females.
"Women old enough to come to
college should certainly be mature
enough to know how to budget their
here, what she considered to be the
major health problem on campus.
"From what I have heard," Dr.
Cooke declared, "the usual coed
spends much of her time between 8
and 11 p.m. just talking or improv-
ing her bridge game." Most recurrent
topic of conversation seems to be
men, with clothes second and men
running a close third.
HOME IS WHERE YOU FIND IT:
Americanousing Problem - or D
By JOAN CARVAJAL
Things would be worse, they say;
but could it-this lack of homes?
Angeles electrical at
There a note, with a
tached, indicated the