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VOL. LVI, No. 160 ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, SUNDAY, JUNE 9, 1946
PRICE FIVE CENTS
Vets Satisfied with 'U'
Daily Survey Reveals
Questions Prepared By Newcomb,
Tibbitts Employ Scientific Selection
The overwhelmingmajority of the University's male veterans are satis-
fled with the education they are receiving here, a Daily survey of veterans'
Designed to gain an accurate picture of veterans' views and plans, the
survey reached 100 of the campus' 5,155 veterans enrolled this semester.
Questions by Newcomb, Tibbitts
The questions were prepared by Prof. Theodore Newcomb, of the sociolo-
by department, a public opinion expert who assisted in a public opinion sur-
vey for the U. S. Army in Germany, and by Clark Tibbits, director of the
Veterans Service Bureau.
Members of The Daily staff polled the veterans, who were scattered
through every part of 'Ann Arbor, Willow Village, Ypsilanti and other out-
The veterans to be polled were selected by Prof. Newcomb by means
of a formula which guarantees a scientific sampling.
Minority Favor Third Term
Upsetting previous predictions that most veterans want a full-length
summer semester, less than half the veterans polled said that the University
should go back to the three-semester year.
Less than half indicated they will attend the eight-week summer ses-
sion this year.
Slightly more than half of the 100 veterans were at least fairly well
satisfied with campus social life, but nearly one-third said it had aspects
which were undesirable.
Coeds Called "Mature'
A majority of the veterans believed that Michigan coeds are "mature for
their age," although only 41 were of the opinion that the average coed would
make a good wife.
m1kThe overwhelming majority refuted the recent newspaper attack on coed
morals with 81 declaring that it was "greatly exaggerated."
Concerning campus activities, the majority of veterans polled said they
had no personal interest in fraternities, the Student Religious Association
and student government.
Perform 'Useful Function' ,Y
The majority also said that fraternities, The Daily, University athletics
and University counseling services were performing a useful function.
More than half of those polled indicated they will use all of the time
in college to which they are entitled under the G.I. Bill of Rights, while they
were almost unanimous in the intention to complete a degree program.
More than four-fifths of the veterans intend to complete their education
at the University.
TELL STORY OF FABULOUS JEWEL THEFT-Col A. C. Miller
(right), Allentown; Pa., of Provost Marshall General's Ollice, and his
assistant, Lt. Col. J. S. Myers (left), New York City, go over the five
in their office in Washington after disclosing the arrest ofa WAC
captain and her Col. husband, Col. and Mrs. J. W. Durant, in the theft
of a fabulous $1,500,000 of jewels and other treasure from Kroriberg
Castle owned by the German house of Hesse. (AP lWir'ephoto).
ANN ARBOR PROBLEM:
"Potential Delinquents" Need
* * #
* * *
Questions Used in Daily Poll,
1. How well satisfied are you with the education you are getting at
University? very well, 44; fairly well, 46; not very well, 8; not at all, 1;
2. Do you think you r c sses are conducted on a sufficiently high
level of maturity? yes, 88 no, 7; uncertain, 5.
3. Do you have any changes to suggest in curriculum or teaching
methods at the University? yes, 60; no, 33; uncertain, 6; no answer, 1.
(Those who answered "yes' were asked what changes they had in mind.)
4. Do you intend to use all of your G.I. time? yes, 66; no, 26; un-
5. Do you plan to complete a degree program? yes, 96; no, 1; uncer-
6. Are you thinking of changing to another college or university?
yes, 13; no, 81; uncertain, 6.
7. Do you plan to attend the summer session here in 1946? yes,
43; no, 47; uncertain, 10.
8. Do you think the University should offer a full-length summer
term of 16 weeks? yes, 45; no, 46; uncertain, 9.
9. How about social life at the University-how well satisfied are
you with that? very well, 27; fairly well, 31; not very well, 16; not all
satisfied, 10; uncertain, 15; no answer, 1.
10. Is there any aspect of University social life which you consider
undesirable? yes, 31; no, 56; uncertain, 12; no answer, 1. (Those who
answered "yes" were also asked to name the undesirable aspects.)
11. (How do the women students at the University impress you?)
12. Do they seem to you reasonably mature for their age? yes, 67;
no, 22; uncertain, 10; no answer, 1.
13. Do you think the average woman student here possesses the
qualities of a good wife? yes, 41; no, 21; uncertain, 38.
14. Did you happen to see (or hear about) the story in the Detroit
Free Press about the University coeds? yes, 100. If "yes," what did you
think about it? greatly exaggerated, 81; somewhat exaggerated, 11; more
or less correct, 3; understated, 0; uncertain, 5.
15. Do you have a personal interest in the following activities? Fra-
ternities-yes, 36; no, 55; uncertain, 5; no answer, 4. The Daily-yes,
74; no, 26; uncertain, 0. Student Religious Association-yes, 14; no, 54;,
uncertain, 32. University athletics-yes, 77; no, 17; uncertain, 6. Student
Government-yes, 34; no, 53; uncertain, 13. University Counseling Ser-
vices-yes, 60; no, 25; uncertain, 15.
16. Do you think the following activities are performing a useful
function? Fraternities-yes, 56; no, 22; uncertain, 18; no answer, 4. The
Daily-yes, 97; no, 0; uncertain, 3. Student Religious Association-yes,
43; no, 5; uncertain, 52. University athletics-yes, 90; no, 3; uncertain,
7. Student Government-yes, 44; no, 25; uncertain, 31. University Coun-
seling Services-yes, 71; no, 13; uncertain, 16.
17. Do you feel that you are getting adequate information and advice
from University sources regarding your personal problems? yes, 40; no,
32; uncertain, 28 ... regarding personal problems? yes, 48; no, 24; un-
certain, 27; no answer, 1. (Those who answered "no" to either question
were asked what they thought the University could do about it.)
Married veterans were asked to write on the poll sheet their own
answers to the following questions:
1. Is your wife here with you? regularly, 25; only part of the time,
0; only for occasional visits, 1.
2. How well satisfied is your wife with her present life? well satis-
fied, 13; fairly well satisfied, 10; not very well satisfied, 3; not at all satis-
3. (What could the University do to make life more enjoyable for
4. How many children do you have? no children, 15; one child,
9; 2 children, 1.
5. If you have no children, do you expect to have any while you are
at the University? yes, 5; no, 8; uncertain, 2.
By NATALIE BAGROW
The need in Ann Arbor in regard
to the juvenile delinquency problem
is not for more recreational centers
nor for the reform of the detention
home, but rather for better under-
standing of the treatment of chil-
dren who are only "potential delin-
quents," according to William Morse,
and director of the Fresh Air Camp.
Confusion regarding the problems
of children, both normal and delin-
quent, is at the root of the trouble
in Ann Arbor, Morse said in an in-
Questions of policy, he declared,
are the cause of the general public's
confusion about theories of punish-
ment, leniency and therapy. This
problem, Morse said, has been pretty
well solved by trained specialists in
youth problems, but the attitude of
the community has still to be clari-
flied on the issues of treatment of
One factor which is not generally
realized, Morse said, is that there are
three kinds of delinquent children.
He enumerated these as being chil-
dren who are simply homeless or
without sufficient parental guidance,
children who are already well on the
way to maladjustment and border-
line cases between the two divisions,
or what he called "potential delin-
Fine lines must also be drawn, he
said, between children who require
hospital or detention home care and
those who need only specialized and
individualized attention, observation
periods, planned placement and close
follow-up by trained workers.
Ann Arbor Commended
Ann Arbor's achievements in set-
tilg up recreationalcenters for the
youth of the comunity Morse termed
commendable, but, he said, these
centers are designed mainly for nor-
mal well-adjusted children and chil-
dren of the maladjusted type can-
not be cared for on a super-imposed
basis such as are the YMCA, the
YWCA, the Boy Scouts or the Girl
Delinquent and potentially delin-
quent children must be approached
in their natural group, Morse de-
lared, which calls for a trained
worker who is free to live in the
neighborhood in which he works,
and who can thus organize activities
for the children in their natural
"Children are not inclined to go
voluntarily to the ordinary group
worker except to make trouble," he
said, "which means that the worker
must go to them-"
"The situation in Ann Arbor," Morse
commented, "is symptomatic of the
general cultural picture in this re-
gard. There are very few communi-
ties in the country which are not
going through the same throes of
readjusting their methods of hand-
ling delinquent children."
"The cultural lag," which Morse
described concerns the failure of the
communities of the nation to keep
up with the advances made in gain-
ing new information, techniques and
understandings which "ought to be
brought to bear on the problem,"
WAShING TON, June 8-(P)-The
Senate agreed today to give the Pres-
ident a free hand in cutting approp-
riations to tay within an anual
Majority Leader Barkley (Dem.,
Ky.) got the provision put into the
Congressional Reorganization Bill on
a voice vote. He protested as "too
restrictive" a section in the original
bill requiring the President to make
a horizontal cut in all appropriations
if he finds the gap between govern-
ment revenues and spending is great-
er than Congress has approved.
This was the only major decision
reached during a. six-hour session in
which the whole mneasure came un-
Senator Connally (Dem., Tex.)
shouted that "we ourselves are dis-
crediting ourselves by telling the
country we are running the Senate in
a slipshod way - that we need some-
body to come in and tell us what
Some senators said privately that
they thought the bill "as good as
dead," It will be tie Senate's order
of busines;s when work is resumed
Monday, but Barkley is anxious to
get on to consideration of OPA ex-
The Democratic leader passed the
word that after two hours or so of
additional debate on the reorgani-
zation bill he will move to take up
OPA if no vote is in prospect. Lay-
ing the reorganization measure aside
likely would mean that the Senate
never would get back to it.
Naples Riots Cause
Injuries, 2 Deaths
By The Associated Press,
ROME, June 8-A monarchist
leader charged today there had been
fraud in the plebiscite in which
Italy chose to be a republic, and de-
manded an Aliled review of the bal-
loting that doomed the reign of King
Monarchist demonstrations, mean-
while, subsided today after causing
two deaths and a score of injuries
in Naples and rioting in Rome and
Palermo, Federal police said the death
toll was only two, and Minister of
the Interior Giuseppe Romita de-
clared the entire country was quiet.
Chief Justice Giuseppe Pagano dis-
closed this afternoon that late ar-
rival of some returns would delay
over Sunday the supreme court certi-
fication of the election, and it ap-
peared that the Italians wouldihave
to wait two or three days for formal
proclamation of the republic. Inter-
ior officials put the republic 2,011,000
votes ahead of the monarchy.
Tullio Benedetti, head of the Na-
tional Monarchial Union, in letters
to Rear Admiral Ellery W. Stone,
chief allied commissioner, and' to al-
lied diplomatic missions in Rome,
declared "an infinite number of pro-
tests" were being received "about the
gravest electoral frauds designed to
make the outcome in favor of the
Scholarships and prizes for 28 stu-
dents in the College of Literature,
Science and the Arts were announced
yesterday by Associate Dean Erich A.
Walter, chairman of the scholarship
committee of the literary college.
Simon Mandelbaum Scholarships
were awarded to William R. McDon-.
ell, '47, Bernard Agranoff, '47, and
Robert D. Woodward, '47. McDonell
also received the Paul F. Bagley
Scholarship in Chemistry and Agra-
noff was awarded the Elizabeth Sar-
gent Lee Medical Prize.
Library Service Scholarships were
awarded to Emilie Wiggins, '46, El-
eanor Meacham, Grad., Elinor Burn-
ham, Grad., E. Jean Holcombe, Grad.,
and Enid Karsten, Grad.
Leonard Choen, '48, and Irma Eic-
horn, '48, received the James B. Hunt
Thi Samuel J. Platt Scholarships
were awarded to Howard A. Cole, 46,
and Margaret M. Farmer, '46.
Rita C. Calahan, '48, and Betty G.
Goodman, '47, won the Phoebe How-
Faculty Scholarships were awarded
to Robert W. Rumm, '48, and Neva
Other scholarships and awards
were given the following students:
Esther Giovannone, '48, the Martha
Robinson Hawkins Scholarship; Don-
ald La Badie, '47, the John Pitt
Marsh Scholarship; Gene Constance
McArtor, '47, the M. Gomber Schol-
arship; John G. McDonald, '47, the
W. J. Hammill Prize; Beatrice D.
Miller, '48, the Agnes C. Weaver
Scholarship; and Millicent Saari, '47,
the Fanny Ranson Marsh Scholar-
Other members of the scholarship
committee are Prof. Richard C. Boys
of the English department, Prof.
Kenneth L. Jones of the botany de-
partment, Prof. Palmer A. Throop+
of the history department, and Prof.
Mischa Titiev of the anthropology
DEAN HAYWARD KENISTON
A new regulation on class atten-
dance, whereby instructors will con-
sider the absence record of each stu-
dent individually, has been adopted
by the faculty of the literary col-
lege to be inaugurated in the fall
semester, Dean Hayward Keniston
Replacing the absence regulations
which have been in effect for more
than 20 years, the new ruling was
described by Dean Keniston as a
"more realistic approach" to the mat-
ter. The new rulings, which were
unanimously adopted, read:
"1. Students are expected to at-
tend class regularly.
"2. When the instructor considers
the number of absences excessive,
that is, when a student's absence
from a course endangers his satis-
factory academic progress, the in-
structor should send a written report
on the case to the Administrative
Board for action. Freshmen and
sophomores should bb reported to
the Chairman of the Academic Coun-
selors, 108 Mason Hall; juniors and
seniors to the Associate Dean, 1220
"Instructors of freshmen are par-
ticularly urged to keep accurate
enough records on attendance so
that they may report absences to
the office of the Academic Counselors
at five weeks and at eight weeks."
In effect, under the new regula-
tions, action on absences by each
student will depend on his scholastic
record or on the wishes of the in-
structor. Absences excused by the
Health Service or other authorized
officials will not be counted against
a student's attendance record.
Under the present ruling, instruc-
tors are supposed to report three
Funds from house collections
for the Famine Relief Drive are
due from 8 a.m. to noon tomorrow
at the Famine Committee table
in the lobby of the League.
Rowland Westervelt, treasurer
of the committee, has requested
that funds be submitted in sealed
envelopes on which the name of
the contributing house is written.
Hearing of Smith
Case Is Postponed
Postponement of the extradition
hearing of Maynard E. (Snuffy)
Smith, Congressional Medal of Hon-
or winner who is charged with failure
to keep up alimony payments, has
been gained until June 28, at Wash-
CIO Opposes .
Working Hours Issue
Forms Basic Difficulty
By The Associated Press
WASHINGTON, June 8-The im-
mediate threat of an AFL seamen's
strike blew over today but a new
government maneuver to stop CIO
sailors from walking off ships June
15 began generating union opposi-
The AFL sailors union of the Pacific
halted a strikevote and began talk-
ing wage-hour issues with West Coast
shipowners. A spokesman for the
owners reported "definite progress."
That happened in San Francisco.
Apparently it scuttled a possibility
that both AFL and CIO seamen
might be on strike simultaneously on
all coasts by mid-June.
Here in Washington, government
conciliators stepped up efforts to dis-
solve the CI0 end of the maritime
crisis. They produced a plan to give
sailors time off with pay in port in-
stead of a shorter work week at sea.
To provide something definite for
discussion, they suggested retention
of the present 56-hour week at sea'
and a day off with pay for every 14
Neither the men who operate the
ships nor those who man them show-
ed any inclination to accept the plan
as a complete solution to the issue
of working hours-biggest barrier in
the way of an agreement.
They took no official, public stand,
and negotiations continued. However,
union spokesmen said the proposal
ignores their fundamental demand,
for a cut in the 56-hour week at sea.
One said privately the strike would
not be called off until there was some
Assistant Secretary of Labor John
W. Gibson told a news conference
both sides in the dispute are giving
"thorough discussion" to the plan
for time off with pay in port. Ad-
ditional conferences between medi-
ators, operators and union negotiators
were set for tomorrow.
Gibson said he couldn't predict
whether time off with pay in port
would be the formula for wiping out
the threat of a strike. He said he
saw nothing to warrant real opti-
mism that the walkout will be avert-
Request Is Refused
NANKING, June 8--(RP)-Chinese
minority parties fought today to pro-
long the Manchurian truce but the
government army commander in
Manchuria said he expected to re-
sume his advance when the armis-
tice with the Communists ends at
noon June 22.
The democratic league, the youth
party and the nonpartisans, three
minority political groups, prepared to
meet with the U.S. special envoy,
General Marshall, and urge that any
peace settlement include political as
well as military issues.
The 15-day truce which Marshall
arranged to take effect Friday was
designed to give time for a permanent
agreement to end the civil warfare
between the Communists and the
government in Manchuria.
"To separate political from military
questions is a risky business," declar-
ed Dr. Lo Lung-Chi, spokesman of
the democratic league. "We want to
make these 15 days a success and if
necessary prolong the period (of the
truce) to make peace solid and per-/
To Leave U'
Appointment of Dr. Lowell T. Cog-
geshall, professor of tropical diseases,
as Chairman of the University of
Chicago Department of Medicine was
revealed last night by Dean Henry
F. Vaughan of the School of Public
Case Labor Bill To Be
Subject of Message
WASHINGTON, June 8 - (P) -
House leaders alerted members today
to be on hand for a special message
from President Truman next week,
and Chairman Sabath (Dem., Ill.)
said he expects it to be a veto of the
Case Labor Disputes Bill.
Sabath would not make a fiat
prediction but said his idea of what
is coming is based on a conversation
he had with the chief executive.
House Democratic Leader McCor-
mack of Massachusetts told newsmen,
however, that he had "no positive
knowledge" of what the President
At the White House, presidential
secretary Charles G. Ross told news-
men the President will make his posi-
tion known in a message "whether or
not he signs the bill."
UN To Study Atomic Energy Control
NEW YORK, June 8 -(W)- The
atom bomb, potentially the most ex-
plosive issue in the world today,
goes before the United Nations Fri-
day with the convening of the Com-
mission for Control of Atomic En-
visor as one of the most important
ever delivered before a United Na-
tions group, was still incomplete
today and the advisor indicated that
last-minute consultations would be
held with President Truman early
3. The elimination from national
armaments of atomic weapons and
of all major weapons adaptable to
4. Effective safeguards by way of
inspection and other means to pro-