THE MICHIGAN DAILY
White House 'Lost Weekend'
By DREW PEARSON
WASHINGTON.-It is now possible to give a
play-by-play account of what happened in-
side the White House during the "lost week-end."
This columnist has been around Washington
a good many years, but the events preceding Har-
ry Truman's labor message to Congress were the
most bizarre ever witnessed. They prove that
Harry Truman's worst enemy is his own loyalty
to friends. Here is what happened:
On Friday morning, just after the rail strike
started, Truman held a cabinet meeting. He was
t'hopping mad at A. F. Whitney and Alvanley
Johnston. Secretary of Labor Schwellenbach was
equally burned up, but not at the strikers. He
was sore at likable John Steelman, the White
House labor expert, and John Snyder, the war
reconverter, for messing up the negotiations.
At the cabinet meeting, Postmaster Hanne-
gan wanted Truman to go on the air with an
appeal to the public, but no crackdown on labor.
Secretary of War Patterson wanted the President
to take over the railroads at once, even pro-
duced a blueprint for the Army's strike-breaking
operations. Secretary Byrnes said he thought a
settlement could be reached but not by Steelman,
in whom the unions had lost faith.
At the cabinet meeting also, Secretary of the
Treasury Fred Vinson asked how much money
separated the railroad workers and the opera-
tors-in other words, how much would it
take to satisfy labor's unmet demands. Steelman,
who had been conducting negotiations for more
than a week, said he didn't know. So did Schwel-
lenbach. So did Byrnes. But John Snyder volun-
teered that they were between 300 and 500 mil-
lion dollars apart. This very large estimate led
Vinson and Byrnes to the conclusion that there
was no possibility of negotiated settlement, and
they then cast their weight with the Secretary
of War in favor of letting the Army run the
After the cabinet meeting Truman lunched
with Snyder and Steelman. They urged him to
use force to break the strike, also to go before
Congress and ask for new legislation. After
lunch, therefore, Truman called a special meet-
ing of certain cabinet members and advisers,
including Secretary of State Byrnes, Attorney
General Clark, Secretary of the Treasury Vin-
son, John Steelman, John Snyder, Secretary
of Labor Schwellenbach, and the President. Tru-
man informed them he had decided: (1) to go
on the air that night, and (2) address Congress
the next day. He then outlined the general na-
ture of what he wanted to say-some of it dras-
At this point, Secretary Vinson, realizing
an important break with Roosevelt precedent
was imminent, once again asked whether
Snyder was sure of his figures regarding the
distance between the railroad operators and
the brotherhoods. Snyder then sheepishly ad-
mitted that only between 25 and 30 million
dollars separated the two.
Steelman also confessed that the three impor-
tant rules changes the union was really insisting
NIGHT EDITOR: CLYDE RECHT
Editorials published in The Michigan Daily
are written by members of The Daily staff
and represent the views of the writers only.
on would only cost the railroads 18 million
A T THIS, both Byrnes and Vinson hit the ceil-
ing. They claimed it was fantastic to let the
whole country be tied up when both sides were
so close to agreement. A settlement, they insisted,
was both possible and probable, and it was un-
wise in the light of this information for the
President to take the strong action he con-
John Snyder, however, insisted that it was
too late. Word had already gone out to the
public that the President would address the
nation and talk toCongress. He could not turn
back. Truman agreed with Snyder and asked
those present to return at 7 o'clock with drafts
of the speech he was to deliver at 10 p.m.-a
pitifully short time for any chief executive to
prepare such a momentous pronouncement.
Shortly after 7:30, the group re-convened at
the White House. Secretary Byrnes stayed only
a few minutes, and then left to meet with union
leaders Whitney and Johnston.
Principal speech writer turned out to be slow-
moving, good-natured, presidential secretary Bill
Hassett, known as a fair editor but terrible speech
writer. He was only a second string man on the
Snyder showed up for the meeting, feeling no
pain. He interrupted the speech-writing from
time to time with inane cracks which served
no useful purpose.
Several times Vinson and Schwellenbach tried
to balance the speech by pointing out that the
railroad operators had refused to make con-
cessions. Each time Snyder and Steelman vetoed
the proposal. Each time Truman sided with
Schwellenbach and Vinson both opposed
Truman's personal denunciation of Whitney
and Johnston, but Snyder shouted wildly that
the two union leaders were trying to destroy
"The Chief," and that they had to be named.
Finally, the speech was completed only 20
minutes before the President went on the air.
At the time he made it, Truman didn't even
know what kind of legislation he was going to
request of Congress the next day. It was in this
confused, uncertain atmosphere that the Presi-
dent of the United States made the most im-
portant political decision of his career.
(Copyright, 1946, by the Bell Syndicate, Inc.)
IT SO HAPPENS
No, .No, Let Me Take It .. .
TWO OF OUR more innocent young lady
friends went blithely out to the local all-
night coffee venders and ordered a just-
before-"Hours" snack, the other night.
You've probably heard this one before, but
for the record's sake it's come up again. It
seems that our friends drank deeply of their
coffee, then sat talking, each (you guessed
it) calmly waiting for the other to pick up the
No, neither of them had a cent.
Rather Than Hollywood
ALAN STEPHAN, the boy who makes Charlie
Atlas look like a 98 pound weakling, came
into the office the other day after pocketing the
title of "Mr. America" in Detroit Sunday.
Stephan, who looks "even as you and I" in a
suit coat, turned down a movie contract in fa-
vor of entering the University this fall. Which
reminds us that Michigan's only representa-
tive in the film capital will soon try to outdo
his first celluloid effort. "Dr. Jekeyll and Mr.
Harmon," which played some cities as "Hyde of
Michigan," was the worst fumble T.D. ever made.
* * * *
All For You
W E DOUBT THAT the campus' female popu-
lation will respond with so much as a flut-
ter of eyelids to the enticing offer of a summer's
fun made by a YWCA camp in this area.
"Coeds-what about your vacation plans?"
their news release queries. "Do they include
visions of swimming, hiking and riding with
chums after exams are over and books laid
away for the summer?"
Then, coming down to anybody's level, the
camp's press agent adds: "No fancy clothes
are needed, just the slacks, sweaters, shorts and
shirts you already have."
It sounds like a "come as you are" party.
'*.* * *
Life With Gadgets
One of those high pressure boys who works
through the mail is after us again.
This time we're being asked to buy a daily
science column that'll "click BIG" with our
"Your readers will welcome the opportunity
you give them to know in advance about new
developments in post war items and gadgets,
many of which will affect their every day living,"
All we're asking for is a handy gadget that
will leave our every day living in peace.
oLedter to thm 6cditor
In reference to Donald Parish's letter de-
nouncing the Deutscher Verein's collection for
the "poor starving Germans"-Amen!
-Harry J. Slesnick
Former guest of
the German Gov-
ernment at Stal-
ag Luft I -
To the Editor:
Without any knowledge of the basic issues
involved, I would have serious doubts about a
student's intelligence when he accuses some of
the University faculty membership of "gross
ignorance." When that student uses the fact
that he has recently returned from Germany
to explain the superiority of his intellect over
that of the members of Dutscher Verein, my
doubts are confirmed. I have been in Germany
recently, too, and know just what astute, in-
telligent observers all of us were. Beware, of
any veteran who sets himself up as an expert
on European affairs. At the risk of appearing
to be such an "expert," may I recall to Donald
B. Parish's mind the sight which is very com-
mon in Germany now, as it is in many other
countries? It is the sight of small boys and girls
rummaging through garbage cans, fighting over
scraps of food which Parish and I threw away
because we took more than we could eat. I'm
not a member of the Deutscher Verein, but
please, Parish, if they want to help these kids,
don't accuse them of "gross ignorance." And if
you still desire to display your short-sighted-
ness in the columns of The Daily, express it
as your own opinion and not that of all the
veterans on campus.
* * * *
To the Editor:
A unique yet not unprecedented system of
"benevolent guidance" is now in evidence on
this campus. It has its special application to
rooming houses for women. It is a system ex-
tolling "loyalty to the house" and "loyalty to
the director" in sacrifice of loyalty to oneself.
It is a system that produces a rather expert
type of espionage. Unfortunately, it is a system
that also produces a genuine fear resulting in
"cooperation" on the part of many, who, other-
wise, would be pleased to forego their "special
Substitute "loyalty to the state" for "loyalty
to the house," then substitute "loyalty to the
leader" for "loyalty to the director," and you
have a familiar guide for individual action on
a national basis.
Play Production presents "The Devil's Disci-
ple" by George Bernard Shaw; at the Lydia
IN A SEASON marked by rather consistently
dismal selection of vehicles, Play Production
last night finally presented truly interesting
theatre as they came to grips with the fabulous
G.B.S.'s "The Devil's Disciple." Not one of his
major plays by any means, it nevertheless has
moments of typical Shavian wit, and good old
melodramatic devices such as a twelfth-hour re-
prieve from the scaffold, to interest all-comers.
It has, of course, become fashionable of late
to no longer look upon Shaw in awe and to
make little of his work. Recent Broadway re-
vivals have been "tolerated" because a Cornell
or a Gertrude Lawrence was "breathing life
into them". Whatever be the reason for this
(familiarity breeding contempt; the fact that
Shaw may have out-lived his vogue as a per-
sonality), I must be unfashionable enough to
admit I still enjoy Shaw. Last night's audi-
ence seemed to concur in the opinion.
It is not that Shaw got quite all that was com-
ing to him at the hands of Play Production. At
some points, through what seemed almost a posi-
tive effort, the humor was rather thoroughly
subdued. The opening scene, for instance, was
played so literally for several minutes that
Shaw's jibes at Puritan hypocrisy were complete-
ly lost. Things picked up after that, until, with
the arrival of General Burgoyne, a thorough, en-
joyable reading was given to the play.
Robert Bouwsma, as Burgoyne, was easily the
top performer of the evening. Aided and abetted
by Jim Bob Stephenson, as the Disciple, and
Leo Fogelman who made a hilarious thing of
Dick Dudgeon's trial.
The rest of the cast performed with typical
Play Production technical facility. Harp Mc-
Guire and Mary Jane Wheeler, as the Ander-
sons, didn't always get across the piousness
required of their characters in the early scenes,
but they were pleasant to watch. Carolyn
Street as The Disciple's mother played with
more venom seen since Laughton played Cap-
tain Bligh. Serene Shepperd, as Essie of the
unhappy natal station, was faced with the un-
happy task of looking like something out of a
poor man's "Tobacco Road", but she faced it
bravely. --Barrie Waters
DAILY OFFICIAL BULLETIN
Publication in the Daily Official Bul-
letin is constructive notice to all mem-
bers of the University. Notices for the
Bulletin should be sent in typewritten
form to the Assistant to the President,
1021 Angel Hall, by 3:30 p.m. on the day
preceding publication (11:00 a.m. Sat-
TIHUR SDAY, JUNE 6, 1946
VOL. LVI, No. 157
Honor Guard: A meeting of the
Honor Guard for the 1946 Com-
mencement will be held at Water-
man Gymnasium, at 4:00 p.m. today,
Tickets for Graduation Exercises:
Entrance tickets to Ferry Field and
Yost Field House for the graduation
exercises on June 22 will be ready
for distribution on June 7. Please
apply at the Information Desk, in
the Business Office, Room 1, Univer-
sity Hall. Those eligible to receive
tickets will please present their ident-
ification cards. For Ferry Field a rea-
sonable number of tickets to each
graduate will be available; to Yost
Field House, however, owing to lack
of space, three only can be provided.
Herbert G. Watkins, Secretary
Faculty, College on Engineering:
There will be a meeting of the Fac-
ulty of this College on Monday, June
10, at 4:15 p.m., in Room 348, West
Students having lockers at Water-
man Gymnasium should clear lockers
and secure refund prior to June 20.
Notice to all Graduating Engineer-
ing Students: Caps and Gowns for
the Commencement Exercises will be
available for rental Monday and
Tuesday afternoons, June 10 and
11, from 1 to 5 in the basement of
the Michigan League. All Engineer-
ing students must make their rentals
on one of these days, as they will not
be available after Tuesday.
German Departmental Library
Books are due in the departmental
office on June 10 regardless of the
due date stamped in the book.
All NROTC students who have ap-
plied for admission to the College of
Literature, Science, and the Arts for
the Spring Term who have not re-
ceived their admission certificates
please call at 1209 Angell Hall as
soon as possible.
All women students attending Sen-
ior Ball will have 2:30 permission.
Calling hours will not be extended.
Graduate School Summer Session
registration material will be avail-
able at the Graduate School Office
starting June 10. Summer Session
Bulletins will not be available until
Recommendations for Department-
al Honors: Teaching departments
wishing to recommend tentative June
graduates from the College of Lit-
erature, Science, and the Arts, and
the School of Education for depart-
mental honors should send such
names to the Registrar's Office, Room
4 University Hall, by noon of June
LaVerne Noyes Scholarships: Pres-
ent holders of these scholarships
who wish to be considered for the
year 1946-47 should present appli-
cations for renewal to F. E. Robbins,
Assistant to the President, 1021
Angell Hall, before the end of the
Mr. Eggleston of Aetna Casualty
and Surety Company will be in our
office today to interview men who
are interested in insurance sales. Call
the Bureau of Appointments, 201
Mason Hall, ext. 371 for an appoint-
Junior mechanical and chemical
engineers interested in try-out jobs
with the Crane Company this sum-
mer may make appointments for an
interview this afternoon at the Bur-
eau of Appointments, 201 Mason Hall,
or call ext. 371.
Attention Engineers: A represent-
ative from the Atlantic Refining
Company will be in our office today
to interview any men who are chem-
ical, mechanical, civil, or electrical
engineers. He would also like to talk
to men who are physicists or physical
chemists with a M.S. or Sc.D. degree.
Call the Bureau of Appointments, 201
Mason Hall, ext. 371, for an appoint-
Seniors in Aeronautical, Electrical,
and Mechanical Engineering: Mr.
Nance of North American Aviation,
Inc. (Inglewood, California) will in-
terview graduating seniors on Friday,
June 7, in Room 3205 East Engineer- attend the 1946 Summer Session
ing Building. should report at the Secretary's Of-
Applications blanks may be obtain- file, 263 West Engineering Building.
ed in Room B-47 East Engineering
Building. Interested men will please English 1, Final Examination
sign the interview scnedule posted Schedule for Tuesday, June 18, 8-10
on the Aeronautical Engineering Bul- a.m.
letin Board. Austin 103 Ec Riepe 207 Ec
Bacon 206 UH Robertson
Men interested in jobs as coun- Cnr 20beso3011 AH
selors at a summer camp for crip- Chase 202 WPhy Sparrow E Hav
pled children may obtain full infor- Dice 3209 AH Stimson G Hav
ination at the Bureau of Appoint- Fletcher 16 AH Stocking 203 Ec
ments, 201 Mason Hall. Fullerton 4203 AH Weaver 3017 AH
Attention Civil Engineers: The Norton 209 AH Welsch 2054 NS
Wayne County Road Commission is O'Neill 2231 AH Whan 2116 NS
looking for civil engineers. Any sen- Plumer 3056 NS Wolfson 3116 NS
iors or graduates who are interested English 2, Final Examination
should call at the Bureau of Appoint- Schedule for Tuesday, June 18, 8-10
ments, 201 Mason Hall for further a.m.
information. Abel 18 AH Markland 231 AH
-- Baker 201 UH McClennen
Women's Engineering Society: Will Bertram 1035 AH 2054 NS
the members of the society please Boyd 225 AH Morris 3231 AH
sign their names to the information Boys 1007 AH Muehl 2013 AH
cards that have been sent out by Brower Needham 229 AH
the secretary before they are remailed W Phy Lee Panush 2082 NS
to Mrs. Dyer? Cohn 2003 NS Peake 2235 AH
Edwards 1018 AH Rayment 2014 AH
Willow llage Program for Vet- Engel 4003 AH Rich 3010 AH
eras and their Wives: Everett 2016 AH Schroeder 35 AH
Thursday, June 6: Home Planning Fogle W Phy 'sec Sessions 215 Ec
Group invited to attend Tuesday Gramn 2219 AH Shedd 4208 AlE
evening Safety Series program. Greenhut 1020 AH Smith 231 AH
Saturday, June 8: Record Dance, Hawkins 2203 AH Stevenson
8:30 p.m. Auditorium. Haykins2293AHn1121 NS
Sunday, June 9: Classical Music, Hayden 2 AH 121 NS
Records, 3-5 p.m. Office. Huntley 6 AH Wells 2235 AU
_, m _ King 2215 AH Wunsch 4054 NS
LeeC tlir Hter, Make-up final examination for
Hopwood Lecture, Harlan Hatcher,'both English 1 and 2, Tuesday, June
"Towards American Cultural Matur- 18, 7 to 9 p.m., in Room 2225 Angell
ity," Tuesday afternoon, June 11, ___
at 4:15 in the large lecture room of
the Rackham Building. Announce- Concerts
ment of this year's awards follows Carillon Recital: By Percival Price,
the lecture. Open to the public. University Carillonneur, this evening
at 7:15. Program: March by Mozart,
Acade ic Noices Price's Sonata for 47 bells, and four
Academic Notices ""' U"'O '*1'"'"
Latin-American folk songs. The next
Doctoral Examination for Henry program in the current series will
Norton Bershas, Romance Languages be heard at 3 p.m., Sunday, June 9.
(Spanish); thesis: "A Critical Edi-
tion of 'La Gran Conquista de Ultra- Women's Glee Club, Marguerite V.
mar,Book IV, Chapters 194-288," to Hood, conductor, assisted by the Navy
be held today at 4:00 p.m., in the and University Choirs, will be heard
East Council Room, Rackham Build- in its spring concert at 8:30 this
ing. Chairman, C. P. Wagner. evening in Hill Auditorium.
Open to the public without charge,
Doctoral Examination for Isabel the program will include songs by
Lockard, Anatomy; thesis: "Certain Brahms, Rachmaninoff, Rossini, Ker-
Developmental Relations and Fiber nochan, Wood, and Hageman. Fal-
Connections of the Triangular Gyrus lowing intermission the Glee Club will
in Primates," to be held Friday, June present a group of Latin-American
7, at 1:30 p.m., in Room 4558 East songs.
Medical Building. Chairman, E. C.
Crosby. Wind Instrument Program: Harris
Hall, Friday, June 7, 1 p.m.
Mathematics Orientation and His- Soloists: Anthony Desiderio, clari-
tory Seminar: Today at 3:00 p.m. in net, in Mozart's Concert Rondo in
3001 Angell Hall. Topic: Famous B-flat major; Wilfred Roberts, cor-
Mathematical Electricians, net, in Gaubert's Cantabile et Scher-
zetto; Vito Susca, clarinet, playing
Zoology Seminar will meet this Fantasie by Marty; Robert Johns,
evening at 7:15 in the Rackham Am- flute, in Mozart's Concerto in G ma-
phitheatre. jor, K..V. 413; flute quartet of Bar-
Mr. Royal B. Brunson will speak bara Litchfield, Lee Chrisman, Mer-
on "Life History and Ecology of some rill Wilson, and Clinton Norton, play-
Michigan Gastrotricha." Mr. Max ing Kohler's Grosses Quartett, Op.
R. Matteson will speak on "The Life 92; Earl Bates, clarinet, heard in
History and Ecology of Elliptio Com- Piece de Concours by Raboud, and
planatus Dillwyn." The seminar is Promenade by Delmas. The public
open to the public. is invited.
M.P. 9. Foundry. Class will meet in ents
front of East Engineering BuildingEveToday
today at 12:45 p.m., for a trip to The English Journal Club will meet
visit 'the foundry of Central Specialty tonight at 7:45 in the East Con-
Company, Ypsilanti. Upon return ference Room of the Rackham Build-
from trip a class meeting will be held ing. Dr. Frank Huntley will speak
in Room 4307 at 4:00. on "Japanese Poetry and the Imagist
Movement." Officers are to be elect-
All students in geology going to ed for next year.
Camp Davis should see Professor Bel-
knap Friday morning, June 7, or be- The Modern Poetry Club will meet
fore, and complete registration. 'tonight at 7:30 p.m. in Room 3231
Angell Hall. This will be the final
Attention June Graduates: College meeting of the semester.
of Literature, Science, and the Arts,
School of Education, School of Mu- Mortarboard. There will be a short
sic, School of Public Health: important meeting of Mortarboard
Students are advised not to request (new members) tonight at 7:00 in
grades of I or X in June. When such the Russian Tea Room.
grades are absolutely imperative, the
work must be made up in time to al- Tea at the International Center:
low your instructor to report the The weekly informal teas at the
make up grade not later than noon, International Center on Thursdays
June 27. Grades received after that from 4:00 to 5:30 p.m. are open to
time may defer the student's grad- all foreign students and their Ameri-
uation until a later date, can friends.
Sophomores with B standing inter- The Women of the University Fac-
ested in enrolling in the College Hon- ulty will hold their final meeting of
ors Program for their Junior and the year at 7:30 this evening in the
Senior years should see Professor West Conference Room of the Rack-
Dodge, 17 Angell Hall. Office hours: ham Building. Election of officers
1:00 to 2:30 daily, except. Tuesday. for the coming year will take place
The members will vote upon the nev
Students, College of Engineering: constitution and by-laws.
Students, now enrolled, who expect to (Continued on Page 5)
IN THE FIELD of foreign affairs chief attention
is focused on the big names in world diplo-
macy who move about the major stages such as
the United Nations meetings in New York and
the recent Paris Conference of Foreign Ministers.
But there are other things going on in the cor-
ners, so to speak, of world conference roooms.
Some of these are just as important to a peaceful
future as headlined affairs, reaching the economic
origins and consequences of war.
One such incident took place in Washington
recently among representatives of the United
States, Britain, France and Switzerlald in an
attempt to get the Swiss to account for and give
up hidden Nazi assets. The Swiss government was
at first obstinate, although the yielding up of
these assets had been ordered months ago by the
Allied Control Council and their distribution
arranged at the Paris reparations conference.
It is well known now that Switzerland was
headquarters for some of the most powerful
German cartels and that the Nazis used these
cartels to build up their own war machine as
well as to hamstring preparedness in other na-
tions as in the United States synthetic rubber
shortage caused by Nazi monopoly.
It is no secret that these Nazi cartels hope to
resume business again. In fact, evidence has been
uncovered that this is already going on. It is
most important that we deprive them of their
assets hidden in Switzerland, Sweden, Spain, Ar-
gentina and other caches, and that we are in-
formed about their future plans.
In the Washington move for Swiss cooperation,
Swiss public opinion at home was a thorn in the
side of the Swiss delegations who realized public
approval would be denied any act seeming to
indicate that the Potsdam decree had any legal
force in that country.
However, after ten weeks of negotiations, Swit-
zerland signed an agreement May 26 formally
giving to the Allies half the Nazi assets in that
country, estimated by Allied officials at $700,-
000,000. In addition the Swiss are turning over
$58,140,000 of the "looted gold" hoard the Nazis.
had in Switzerland. Although the agreement will
not become legal until ratified by the Swiss
Edited and managed by studental of the University of Michigan under the
authority of the Board in Control of Student Publications.
M-y Fairy Godfather wants to ask you a
question. About McSnoyd, the Invisible.
Leprechaun ... HE can't play with your
team. Pounless vau nav him. And-
If we win the plant championship,1
each member of our team will get
a gold watch. It's not cash. But
it's a handsome award-He. er ,
By Crockett Johnson
A gold watch! My, my, this changes
everything-Your professional standing,
McSnoyd, is no longer in jeopardy-You
find the terms completely satisfactory?
Emily E. Knapp
Clark Baker .
Des Howarth .,
Ann Schutz .
. . . . . . . . . Managing Editor
. . . . . . . . . . . Editorial Director
. . . . . . . . . . . City Editor
.. . . . . . . . . . . Associate Editor
. . . . . . . . . . ssociate Editor
. . . .. . . . . . Sports Editor
. . . . . . . . . Associate Sports Editor
. . . . . . . . . . . . Women's Editor
.. . . . . . . . Associate Women's Editor
.c3r n . 1. ra ti.