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May 29, 1946 - Image 2

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The Michigan Daily, 1946-05-29

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/' tn te
WE AS AMERICANS cannot but fear Presi-
dent Truman's new labor legislation. If this
bill passes the Senate and is written into law, it
will completely cripple the American labor move-
The law would provide that when the President
ordered any industry taken over by the Federal
government, workers in that industry who went
on strike could be drafted into the Army and
sent back to work under military guard.
A law such as this was enacted in Germany
on May 12, 1933 immediately after Hitler be-
came the new ruler of Germany. Hitler clearly
understood that such a law would weaken and
destroy the trade unions in Germany.
In 1939 Premier Daladier of France drafted
all railroad workers into the Army in order to
prevent a rail strike. The labor movement, split
and weakened, was unable to contest the drive
for power by the French fascists. A short year
later, Hitler's tanks drove triumphantly into
Paris. There had been no battle for France.
The French fascists, firmly in the saddle and
riding rough-shod over the unarmed workers,
simply handed over their country to the for-
This is not a new road that President Tru-
man is following. The French workers too
saw the same guide-posts, the same road-
signs, and discovered that the end of the road
was slavery.
The essence of this bill lies in the fact that
any striking worker in seized industries will
be condemned and punished, IN SPITE OF THE
attempted to conceal the open class-nature of
this bill by providing that any profits made by
a seized industry should be paid into the United
States Treasury. But nevertheless the govern-
ment has signed itself up as permanent strike-
breaker when a strike threatens to "disrupt
the entire economy."
Every big strike threatens to disrupt the
economy. It is impossible to conceive of a strike
in the steel, coal, shipping, packing or railroad
industries which would not disrupt the economy.
Therefore this bill clearly provides that there
shall be no strikes in any major industry in the
United States.
The strike is the only effective weapon in the
hands of labor. It has been argued that govern-
'ment mediation would secure justice for the
workers, without the disastrous effects of a
major strike. The falsity of this claim is shown
by a consideration of the railroad workers
themselves. Every dispute in the railroad in-
dustry is settled by a mediation and arbitra-
tion panel. This panel is supposedly impartial.
But wages in the railroad industry are lower
than wages in any other major industry in
the country . . . lower than wages in steel,
auto, or electrical industries. The operating
crafts on the railroads still do not have a
40-hour week, and they do not draw extra pay
for overtime work. The men in the operating
crafts have schedules which are arranged with
little consideration of the time the men can
spend at home, so that many men are home
one or two times a week. These are the results
of impartial mediation by the government.
The newspapers have deliberately whipped up
public hysteria during the coal and railroad
strikes. They have sought to create the impres-
sion that a few workers gather casually around
a bucket of beer and decide to strike. There is
no lie bigger than this one . . . strikes mean in-
security and temporary loss of pay to a worker
and to his family. The charge is doubly untrue
in the case of the Brotherhood of Engineers.
There has been no major strike on the railroads
since the Pullman strike in 1894. The average age
of the Engineers is about 45 . . . the rail Strike
was not a case of several childish drunks out on
a lark. The Engineers had just demands. They
mediated for six months. Then they struck.
At this point President Truman (I have al-
ways been a friend of labor Truman) sledge-
hammered his new bill through the House of
Representatives in 40 minutes. He is now being

hailed as a strong man, a real leader. These
same words were applied to Hitler, who also
claimed that he would bring order out of chaos.
A discussion of the new labor legislation will
be continued Friday. -Ray Ginger

Zetteri to the 6itor


Flexible Student Government
To the Editor:
admit of flexibility cannot long endure. All the
wisdom and experience of mankind cannot pro-
vide a government which, though immutable,
can retain for all time its efficiency and prac-
Our new student government constitution
closely resembles the Articles of Confederation
of the thirteen original states. It has provided
one body which is to legislate, execute, and make
judicial decisions. It may thus legislate into
existence that which it desires to execute. It may
execute in anticipation of legislation. And it is
required to adjudicate serious questions in the
presence of malodrous political considerations.
I have a number of proposals which may
sound suspiciously similar to our present Con-
stitvtion of the United States. But why not?
It has at least been proven to have outlasted
every major form of government in the world
today. My proposals are these:
A president and a vice-president shall be
elected by the student body at the same time
as the legislators are elected. The president shall
choose from the student body at large his cabi-
net of five men who shall meet the approval of
the legislature. The vice-president shall pre-
side over the legislature.
The president and the cabinet shall have ac-
cess to the floor of the legislature and debate
but shall have no vote. The vice-president shall
vote only to break a tie.
An independent and co-equal branch shall be
established to handle all judicial functions af-
fecting the student body and to hear appeals
from the two existing judicial bodies.
This branch shall consist of one chief justice
and four associate justices and shall have juris-
diction over elections. It shall be appointed
jointly by the president and vice-president with
the consent of the legislature.
Under this plan I believe our student gov-
ernment will endure and will be able more
easily to stand the strain of student opinion
during crises through which it will .inevitably
pass. There doubtless are those who think
the time is premature for such drastic change.
I answer that now is the best time before any
damage can be done which might seriously
impair the future of student democracy on
our campus. Now is the time before age an-
chors upon us a system which under chang-
ing conditions is likely to crumble. Now is the
time to repair the damage already visited
upon the good name of our legislature by the
recent over-publicized "scandal."
Let us therefore make haste to establish a
workable and efficient system upon a firm foun-
dation which will last long after we have grad-
uated and passed to a world which will give
us the wisdom we can so well afford to apply
to the present.
-Ken Bissell
* * * *
Power Unanimity Issue
To the Editor:
A RECENT EDITORIAL by the new City Editor
of The Daily, Mr. Clayton Dickey, shows a
rather typical lack of understanding about the
issue of "great power unanimity" in my opinion.
In discussing the recent Paris Conference of
Foreign Ministers and the whole question of
the future of the peace, Mr. Dic'key says, "The
answer is that peace does not depend on great
power unanimity on basic issues but on their
ability to subordinate national interests to the
will of the majority of the United Nations.
Mr. Dickey says further that "Secretary of
State Byrnes declared none of the four great
powers (meaning the Soviet Union) should
be permitted to block efforts toward peace in
,Europe." (Just how badly our Secretary of State
wants peace in Asia with use of American arms'
against Indonesians and an okay of a half billion
Editorials published in The Michigan Daily
are written by members of The Daily staff
and represent the views of the writers only.

dollar loan to the reactionary and feudal Kuo-
mintang to continue a civil war in China is a
At any rate the question constantly asked and
left unanswered, by journalists like Mr. Dickey,
is why "Big Four" or "Big Three" unanimity
was a policy established by President Roosevelt
and why Secretary Byrnes is constantly work-
ing to destroy this principle.
First, the democratic peoples' movements of
Europe and Asia are a direct and immediate
threat to American business interests in these
areas. (Evidence the holding of the Polish loan
up until certain changes are made in line with
poll-taxer Byrnes''idea of democracy and also
Truman's timely trans-Atlantic phone call the
day before the French elections which sug-
gested to the people of France that a vote for
the Right would be a vote for American food
and money.) American capital is tied up in
some way in Germany, Holland, France, Eng-
land, Rumania, Hungary, the East Indies and
a thousand other places. Byrnes is out to pro-
tect this money if he has to kill every last In-
donesian or Greek by supporting militarily (and
diplomatically in the Paris Conference and
meetings of the UNO) British arms. He'll even
use American Marines (North China) if there
are no British troops in the vicinity.
If Mr. Dickey wants a professional anti-Soviet
organization, why doesn't he say so? At any
rate we shouldn't dress it up as a United Na-
tions Organization, but rather say it's a full-time
anti-Soviet sounding board.
I'd like to conclude by pointing out that thus
far the U.N.O. has been only an anti-Soviet
instrument in the hands of Byrnes and Van-
denberg with one point on the agenda-Iran.
Now if Mr. Brynes were interested in peace in
Europe, and not American dollars, as Mr. Dick-
ey suggests, why haven't we seen a full and
frank discussion of Fascist Spain and Argentina,
British and Dutch troops shooting down In-
donesians who only want freedom Americans'
fought for in 1776. If Byrnes sincerely wants
peace and has no dollars in his closet, he doesn't
need to out-vote the Soviet Union 18-1 in a
phony peace conference that he will dominate.
He can lay his cards on the table in a meeting
of the "Big Four."
-Jack H. Gore
* * * *
And Reply
IF - as Mr. Jack Gore suggests -- Big Three or
Big Four unanimity on any important issue is
rxrcessary to world peace, we might as well scuttle
u:e United Nations.
What Mr. Gore wants is a Big Three or Big
Four "closed corporation" for the settlement of
world problems. The small nations of the world
would have no place in such a system, and it
would be totally out of line with the principles
of the United Nations Charter.
Mr. Gore ignores the fact that compromises
are not always possible. He refers to the method
of compromise of the late President Roosevelt
as the ideal to be followed. When Roose-
velt attended Big Three meetings, the war was
always in the background to force compromises.
But this condition of extreme urgency no longer
Mr. Gore does not mention the proceedings of
the Paris Conference of Foreign Ministers. He
is wholly disinterested in having world prob-
lems settled on their merits. He is obsessed with
the idea of compromise.
If Mr. Gore examines the proceedings of the
Paris Conference, he will find that Russia
demanded $100,000,000 in reparations from an
economically-weakened Italy, demanded that
some of the Italian warships captured by the
United States and Britain be turned over to her
(although Russia herself has not shared any
war booty), demanded that all of Venezia Giulia
be given to Yugoslavia and demanded a Soviet-
Italian trusteeship over Tripolitania.
The United States compromised with Russia
' on reparations by pointing out certain sources
from which reparations could be taken without
seriously affecting the Italian economy (some
of the sources were refused by the Russians),
offered some Italian warships to Russia in lieu
of reparations (Russia demanded both), de-
manded that Venezia Giulia be divided between
Italy and Yugosfavia along ethnic lines so as
to avoid minority groups under alien rule and
demanded that Tripolitania be placed under

United Nations trusteeship in order to do away
with Big Power rivalry.
Mr. Gore takes the view that Secretary Byrnes
is not interested in peace but only in promoting
American business interests. It is difficult to see
how American businessmen will profit (in dol-
lars and cents) if Russia does not get Italian
reparations or naval vessels, if Tripolitania is
placed under a United Nations trusteeship or if
Venezia Giulia is partitioned along ethnic lines.
All of the questions considered at the Paris
Conference directly affect the future security of
the world and ought to be decided on their
merits, not on the basis of who should compro-
mise. If Big Three or Big Four compromises are
necessary at all times, any treaty or agreement
is bound to be a patched up affair that will only
lead to more world problems. An appeal to the
small nations to settle great power differences
cannot be termed a sell-out to American business
interests. It is the only alternative to a continual
deadlock at the great powers conference table.
-Clayton Dickey

rublication in the Daily Official Bul-
letin is constructive notice to all mem-
bers of the University. Notices for the
Bulletin should be sent in typewritten
form to the Assistant to the President,
1021 Angeil Hall, by 3:30 p.m. on the day
preceding publication (11:00 a.m. Sat-
VOL. LVI, No. 152
The General Library and all the
Divisional Libraries will be closed on
Thursday, Memorial Day.
Pay checks which would normally
be released May 31 to University em-
ployees on the monthly salary roll
will be released today.
Football Tickets: Football admis-
sion tickets for University of Michi-
gan students will be issued at the
time of registration for the fall se-
Students who wish to purchase
tickets for their parents or friends
should order tickets before August
1 to be assured of receiving them.
Application blanks for tickets may
be obtained at the ticket office in
the Administration Building on Fer-
ry Field between 8:30 a.m. and 4:30
p.m. daily.
Lockers at the Intramural Sports
Building must be vacated by June
7. The building will be closed on
and after June 8.
Women Students: There will be
12:30 permission tonight and 11:001
permission May 30 for all women stu-
Students, College of Literature,
Science, and the Arts:
Dr. Sherman and Miss Eldersveld
of the Bureau of Psychological Ser-
vices will present a lecture on "Vo-
cational Occupations for Women,"
today at 4:30 p.m., 1025 Angell Hall.
Women students attending "IHam-
let" in Detroit as a part of their
class-work may secure permission
from their house-directors. Names
of these students are on file in the
Office of the Dean of Women.
All women students attending the
Navy Farewell Ball will have 1:30
permissions. Calling hours will not
be extended.
Each woman student is notified
that she is expected to vacate her
place of residence at the end of the
spring term, within twenty-four
hours after her last examination
Graduating seniors may remain until
the day after Commencement. This
applies to all places of residence.
Arrangements for the Victory Re-
union necessitate compliance with
this regulation.
All women students, except those
who have dormitory applications on
file, are asked to complete their hous-
ing arrangements for the fall semes-
ter of 1946 immediately. Because of
the acute housing shortage, any who
have not already applied to the Of-
fice of the Dean of Women for sup-

plementary housing must
once, if they wish a place
Office of the Dean of

do so at'
to live.

Notice to Men Students and House-
The closing date for the Spring
Term will be June 22 and room rent
in approved rooming houses for men
shall be computed to include this
date. As per the terms of the con-
tracts, students are expected to pay
the full amount of the contract three
weeks before the end of the term.
Registration for the Summer Ses-
sion begins June 26 and classes begin
July 1.
If either the householder or the
student wishes to terminate their pre-
sent rooming house agreement, notice
should be given to the Office of the
Dean of Students on or before June
1. Student may secure forms for
this purpose in Room 2, University
International Center: All persons
who are going as representatives of
their countries in the Golden Jubi-
lee in Detroit on May 29 will please
be in the Center promptly tonight at
6:00 p.m..
Miss Dorothy E. Rotenhagen, Hos-
tess Supervisor, Transcontinental and
Western Airlines Inc., will' be in De-
troit May 31 and June 1 to interview
girls for hostess positions with TWA.
Call the Bureau of Appointments, 201
Mason Hall, ext 371 for further de-
for veterans and their wives:
Wednesday, May 29: Bridge, 2-4
p.m.; 8-10 p.m. Conference Room,
West Lodge,
Friday, May 31: Dancing Class:
Beginners, 7 p.m.; Advanced 8 p.m.;
Open Dancing, 9-10 p.m., Club Room,
West Lodge.
Saturday, June 1: Club Room
Dancing, 8:30-11:30 p.m. Club Room,
West Lodge.
Sunday, June 2: Classical Music,
Records, 3-5 p.m. Office, West Lodge.
'Academic Notices
Doctoral Examination Ifor Fred
Holly Stocking, English Language
and Literature; thesis: "The Critical
Theory of John Crowe Ransom and
Allen Tate," to be held on Thurs-
day, May 30, at 9:00 a.m. in Room
3217 Angell Hall. Chairman, J. L.
Doctoral Examination for Jay Louis
Pylman , Education; thesis; "The Sta-
bility of the Teaching Py'ofession,"
to be held on Friday, May 31, at 2:00
p.m. in the West Council Room, Rack-
ham Building. Chairman, A. B.
Doctoral Examination for Walter
Buchanan, Education; thesis: "Com-
parison of Fixed and Movable Solfege
in Teaching Sight Singing from

Staff," to be held on Friday, May
31. at 3:00 p.m.. in the East Comcil
Room. Rackham Building. Chair-
man, W. C. Trow.
Analytic Functions Seminar today
at 3:00 p.m., 3201 Angell Hall. Dr.
George Piranian will speak on "Dis-
card of Functions and Order of Sing-
Biological Chemistry Seminar will
meet in Room 319 West Medical
Building on Friday. May 31, at 4
p.m. "The Chemistry and Physiology
of Bone." All interested are invited.
Sophomores with B standing inter-
ested in enrolling in the College Hon-
ors Program for their Junior and
Senior years should see Professor
Dodge, 17 Angell Hall. Office hours:
1:00 to 2:30 daily, except Tuesday.


Student Recital: Evelyn Olsen,
mezzo-soprano, will present a recital
in partial fulfillment of the require-
ments for the degree of Bachelor of
Music this evening at 8:30 in Lydia
Mendelssohn Theatre.
Miss Olsen is a pupil of Tlielma
Lewis. Program:. groups of Spanish,
French, German, and English songs.
The public is invited.
Wind Instrument Program: Friday,
May 31, 1:00 p.m., Harris Hall. Solo-
ists: Harold Sefton, clarinet. play-
ing Von Weber's Concerto No. 2;
Dwight Dailey, flute, Concertino by
Chaminade; Maurice Guild, baritone,
Concerto No. 5 by Blazewitsch; Clin-
ton Norton, flute, in Suite, Air A'-
Italien, Les Plaisirs, by Telemahn;
Harry Phillips, clarinet, in Brahms'
Sonata in E flat, Op. 120, No. 2. Open
to University students.
Student Recital: Madeline Ardner,
pianist, will present a recital in par-
tial fulfillment of the requirements for
the degree of Master of Music at 8:30
Friday evening, May 31, in Lydia
Mendelssohn Theatre.
Her program had previously been
scheduled for Saturday, June 1.
Miss Ardner is a pupil of Mabel
Ross Rhead. Program: Compositions
by Mozart, Schubert, Ravel, and Bee-
thoven. Open to the general public,
Varsity Glee Club report tonight
at 7:30 p.m. in front of Stockwell
Hall for Serenade.
Graduation Exercises for the Post-
Hostilities Training Course, Latin
America Area Training will be held
today at 2:00 p.m., at the Lydia
Mendelssohn Theatre. The public is
invited to attend.
The University Broadcasting Ser-
vice and the School of Music present
(Continued on Page 6)

Reaction To A Russian


Senate Committee Votes Fior Inflation

Temper Display
railroad strike chaos, President
Truman bitterly blamed the situa-
tion on "obstinate arrogance of two
men" in Saturday's demand for
emergency legislation. Immediately
one of the "arrogant men" snapped
back. A. F. Whitney, president of the
Brotherhood of Trainmen, pro-
claimed himself ready to use all the
money in his union's treasury to de-
feat not only Truman but also "every
member of Congress" who voted for
the emergency legislation. Truman
was angrily designated as a "political
accident and a one-termer."
Both displays of temper are worse
than ridiculous. Obviously a strike
of such magnitude cannot be made
the responsibility of only two men.
Nor can all the Representatives ex-
cept the 13 who voted against the
legislation be defeated by the $2,-
500,000 set aside for that purpose.
All that either man did was to make
himself appear like a thwarted child
stamping his foot.
Childishness at a time when ma-
ture thinking is imperative becomes
increasingly dangerous. Each strike,
and each effort to stop strikes is
followed by plans to "get even." But
there are people to feed and an econ-
omy to reconvert. We haven't time
to get even.
Expending energy in name-calling
rather than in thinking .can result
in loss of respect for those who do
it. It is time that our leaders realize
that we have the right to expect
great efforts in great emergencies.
-Mary Ruth Levy

Ehrenburg leaves me here to go
back to New York and I turn to the
question of how the South has re-
acted to the presence of the Soviet
writer. I shall put down frankly
what I remember, with no intention
of offending any one, but on the
theory that if we cannot stand a bit
of self-examination, we are sick in-
deed. And there was, I seem to recall
first, the charming lady who leaned
toward Ilya Gregorovich, her eyes
glowing with deep cultural interest
to ask: "Tell me, Mr. Ehrenburg, are
you a White Russian, or a Red?" The
question reduced our visitor to an
hour of silence over his dinner plate,
during the course of which he
seemed to quiver several times.
There was sometimes a bit of de-
fensiveness in the air. In one small
town, a leading citizen said sudden-
ly: "The plantation Negroes are the
happiest people in the world." Well,
nobody had asked him. Two Negroes
across the street laughed suddenly,
and he said: "Hear that? They're
happy." This may have had nothing
to do with the fact that Ilya Ehr-
enburg is a Soviet citizen; merely
the South, its nerves rubbed by in-
cessant criticism.

Sometimes the South displays the
same defensiveness before Northern
visitors. In one city defensiveness
burst into anger when a newspaper
photographer, after listening to some
discussion of the race question, blurt-
ed hotly to the interpreter: "Ask him
how many Negl'oes there are in Rus-
sia." I do not recall the answei; and
in this case, anyway, it was the ques-
tion which was important.
In larger cities, sometirnes, bubbles
of hostility will seem to float and
hang in the air; wisecracks, at nln-
cheon meetings, about th Russian
way of doing thins and so on. Ilya
Gregorovich is quite aware of this
bubbling and .simmering about him;
he seeks sometimes to dispel it by
making jokes. He will point out that
if an American writer, tlavcling
through the Soviet Union were to be
given a represenJtative of the Soviet
foreign office as his companion, the
American press would complain that
the writer was being restricted in his
operations; whereas, here, Ilya Ehir-
enburg,is very glad that a represen-
tative of the Arner can State Depart-
ment, Mr. William Nel;on, is along
as an aide, interpreter and compan-
ion. Everyone present will laugh duti-
fully, but te hostility remans.
opyrigh, 146, N.Y. Pot Synli'aLe)

WASHINGTON.-Thougll dwarfed by the la-
bor news over the week-end, last Satur-
day's closed-door session of the Senate Bank-
ing and Currency Committee, which virtually
buried price control, was just as significant. It
opened the way to vastly increased food costs,
the very thing labor has been striking against.
Senator Ernest McFarland, Arizona Demo-
crat, sprang a surprise when he offered his
amendments to the stabilization act provid-
ing for the dropping of all price controls on
meat, poultry, and dairy products. A day earli-
er, the committee had accepted Senator Taft's
proposal for a special "decontrol board" for
gradually removing price regulations on vari-
ous products, and it was thought that this
would be satisfactory to the cattle leaders.
Iowa's Senator Bourke Hickenlooper, though
a Republican, was one of McFarland's chief sup-
"It is best to vote this amendment in com-
mittee," he said in the secret session, "because

Republican vote and also voting the proxy of
Senator Edward Carville, Nevada Democrat. He
and Carville were the only Democrats support-
ing the amendment.
The vote on McFarland's second amendment,
decontrolling poultry and dairy products, was
9-8, the only difference being that McFarland
did not have Carville's proxy for this amendment.
As the vote was announced, Senator Abe Mur-
dock of Utah, himself a cattleman, remarked:
"Well, that makes me at least $2,500-but I'm
glad I voted against it and I wish it hadn't
Murdock had spoken earlier against the
amendment which he estimated would cost the
American housewife at the very least $1,300,-

Fifty-Sixth Year
Edited and managed by students of the University of Michigan under the
authority of the Board in Control of Student Publications.
Editorial Staff

000,000 in the next year.
(Copyright, 1946, by the Bell

Syndicate, Inc.)

f My Fairy Godfather is sorry

By Crockett Johnson

Margaret Farmer
Hale Champion
Robert Goldman
Emily E. Knapp
Pat Cameron
Clark Baker ...
Des Howarth . . .
Ann Schutz . . .

. . . . . . . . . . Managing Editor
.. . . Editorial Director
. . . . . . . . . . . . . City Editor
.. . . . . . . . . . . Associate Editor
Associate Sports Editor
. . . . . . . . . . Women's Editor

Tojad. But one's prof essional

[You see, Burnaby, we have


As a coach, m'boy? Hmm,






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