THE MICHIGAN DAILY
TUEDAY, MAY 28, 1946
Cetter i to /ei Cktlor
Ask the Candidates
To the Editor:
~r1E undersigned veterans were present at the
AVC-sponsored political forum of Congres-
sional candidates for the Second District held in
the Washtenaw County Courthouse on May 23.
Of the approximately 200,000 eligible voters in
this district, not more than fifty were present.
We feel that the balance of the voters would be
both enlightened and served if the four candi-
dates would publicly answer the following ques-
tions through the medium of your paper.
Mr. Michener: Do you plan to return to your
district to present your views publicly, or will
you continue to send your regrets when invited to
such gatherings? Do you expect your 13th term
without a fight?
Mr. Saari: You call Congress "stupid"; you
favor no labor legislation; you ignore veteran is-
sues. What group of voters is willing to send a
Representative to Washington with such con-
victions? And, if elected, who will represent the
2nd District until April 1947, when you reach 25
Mr. Vander Velde: You refused to present your
labor policy on the grounds that it would be too
lengthy and boring for the AVC meeting. Are
we to elect you on good faith only?
Mr. Kelly: Do you favor any labor legislation
currently before Congress?
-Jay M. Nolan
-George A. Wild, Jr.
* * * *
Campus Charity Drives
To the Editor:
IN THIS COLUMN last Saturday appeared two
letters from Messrs. Fink and Kalin. One, be-
cause of the financial drain of campus drives,
is no longer able to send his laundry out. The
other is also in severe straits, for the frequency
of these drives perturbs him.
Suggestions for the consolidation of all
drives into one supreme effort are not new;
certainly the idea has its good points, but its
bad features stand out in bolder face. Any
drive motivated basiclly by the desire to
avoid drives would probably succeed in doing
just that, to the detriment of all the worthy
causes which were formerly allowed indivi-
dual expression. Students cannot be pumped
for three or four dollars (the minimal per stu-
dent share in one big drive) with one jerk of the
handle. In the long run, the present charity-
drives system would seem to stand the test of
being the less painful and more democratic
And may all those, who are forced to do their
own laundry solely because they-contributed too
heavily to recent campus drives, kindly accept my
deepest, most dubious condolences. In the mean-
time, while people of Europe and India, by the
thousands, drop daily in the streets ,like flies,
let's support these drives. Do we have any other
-Harvey W. Anderson
To the Editor:
MR. RAY SHINN indicated his disapproval of
the AMG edict granting the local military in
Germany the power to burn books thought to be
Nazi in character. I don't believe he emphasized
the essential points.
NIGHT EDITOR: MAL ROEMER
Editorials published in The Michigan Daily
are written by members of The Daily staff
and represent the views of the writers only.
Considering the local scene in Germany as
controlled by local military chiefs in conjunc-
tion with essential German civilians, i.e., in
the school system, it seems to me that there
is a need to burn Nazi books.
You will grant that it is difficult to distinguish
accurately between who is, and who is not, a Nazi
in the present military-civilian structure of ad-
ministration of education, since most of the
German civilians could be either. Then it is
only logical to put "book burning" in the hands
of the military. And "book burning" is necessary!
Look about these German towns and you note
a desperate need to eradicate the doctrine of
superiority-from the kindergarten to college.
It is imperative that this scaffold designed to
turn out Nazis be broken. The German people
can then turn to those men of literature they
have been wanting to criticize: the free-minded
writers of free Germany and the traditional
non-Nazi literature of old. And, as for the des-
truction of Nazi-incorporated ideas as those of
Marx and Hegel, their worth is proved and it
will retain its energetic literary value against the
severe obstacle of book burning.
Again, mark the important lines the textbool
plays in influencing young fertile German minds!
The burning of Nazi books is a necessary stroke;
it must be the abolition of a slavery.
-Walter R. Tulecke
* 94 *
To the Editor:
H AVING EXAMINED the recent activities of
the Deutscher Verein on this campus, one
cannot but wonder at and be repelled by the ex-
tremely bad taste in which this organization
seems to be conducted, and question its purposes.
First, there was the presentation of a trave-
logue depicting the "Beautiful Pre-War (sic!)
Germany." Yes, indeed, it is difficult to forget the
beauties of Hitler's paradise. It is really too bad it
had to be destroyed by the war.
Secondly, a letter in Saturday's Daily re-
veals that collections have been made on be-
half of the poor starving German children. It
would be well to recall that after the last war,
the Norwegians helped some poor starving
young Germans who, at a later date, demon-
strated their gratitude in such an unmistakable
The funds collected at that meeting could
have benefited the kids of other nations on
whose nourishment the German children had
prospered throughout the war. It is these liber-
ated youngsters who need our help and sympa-
thy, not the potential storm troopers and pat-
triotic mothers. In view of the disasters that the
German people have been inflicting upon the
world so repeatedly, one cannot help but wonder
whether it would be such a terrible loss to hu-
manity to be rid of a few potential Supermen.
S * *
In recent editorials I have explained why I
believe that Philippine independence should be
delayed for a few years. The writer of a letter
to the editor who signs himself "Mike Abe" has,
intentionally or otherwise, avoided my argument
in order to return to his own personal debate on
the question of Roxas' collaboration. I can find
no justification for further intelligent contro-
versy .on this point, Mr. Abe, but to substantiate
my 'uncontestable fact" that there are a large
number of Filipinos opposed to Roxas, I would
like to bring to your attention an article in last
week's New York Times. This report stated that
since the election over 600 Filipinos have been
killed in Central Luzon in armed clashes between
the peasant army and the military police.
. at the M -ichliga".
Gary Cooper and Ingrid Bergman in "Sar-
atoga Trunk"; a Warner Brothers production,
directed by Sam Wood.
EDNA FERBER'S brand of woman's maga-
zine history annoys many readers and it may
quite possibly be that she is typical of the best-
selling novelist at his or her worst; but her
material, while never to be construed as chal-
lenging, has often proved light, diverting, pic-
torial screen fare.
"Cimarron" was entertaining cinema, and,
of course, "Show Boat" was re-worked into)
something of a classic by Kern and Hammer-
stein. Now comes "Saratoga Trunk," which
falls in the same category of beguiling costume
romance. It is concerned with a couple of ad-.
venturers who seek their fortune through
foul means or fair at the Saratoga of the 80s.
It benefits through the deft comedy work of
beautiful Ingrid Bergman and also, contrasted
with last week's costume epic "Dragonwyck," it
gains great stature. Gary Cooper is just one of
those things you have to put up with every so
often in a season.
The capitalistic tactics employed by Cooper in
the climactic struggle over a railroad will pro-
bably up the socially conscious' blood pressure
for weeks to come.
... at the State
Robert Walker and June Allyson in "The
Sailor Takes A Wife"; an MGM production.
"THE SAILOR TAKES A WIFE" is a pleasant
little comedy pleasantly performed. June
Allyson's tendency to be maudlin has grown to
really alarming proportions, but the rest of the
cast behaves entertainingly. There is a really
notable scene spoofing stylish continental se-
duction, replete with incense, "Pariez-moi
d'amour" tootling in the background, and an
accent with a gorgeous figure and a cigarette
holder vying in length with the Washington
I'D RATHER BE RIGHT:
By SAMUEL GRAFTON
yICKSBURG, MISS.-We try to explain states'
rights, in Russian, French, English and Ger-
man, to Ilya Ehrenburg, as we drive along the
road. The Soviet writer listens to our story of
how conservative American opinion supports
States' rights, as a local check on federal action.
He thinks it over for a moment and says: "In
Spain, during the Civil War, there was a small
anarchist town which greatly enjoyed the
thought of the complete self-rule to which it
considered itself entitled under anarchist con-
ceptions. It decided that it did not like railroads.
So it cut the rail line, and then supplies could not
reach the front." There is something irresistable
in this comparison between Spanish anarchism
and American conservatism, but I gave the little
quotation more to show the manner in which Ilya
Gregorovich Ehrenburg's mind shies away from
abstractions, and will always try to concretize
them by illustrations and examples which are
curiously remote and yet curiously near.
The same habit of mind shows up in Ilya Gre-
gorovich's press conferences. In one town a re-
porter asked him what he thought of Winston
Churchill's famous speech declaring Russia to be
a menace. Ilya Gregorovich, again, would not be
led into polemical abstractions. He said simply:
"In Russia, as you know, we are short of news-
print, and our largest newspapers are limited
to circulations of 2,000,000. To get proper distri-
bution of the news, we have to paste the newspa-
per on walls, so that many people can read them.
I was in Smolensk when Churchill made his
speech: Smolensk, where only four houses were
left standing, in a city of a quarter of a million
people. We did not even have sound walls on
which to paste the newspapers but had to post
them on the ruins. It was before these ruins that
the Soviet people stood and read Churchill's
words about themselves." He will deal in facts
and in human emotional values; but he will not
let general statements of any kind go by. Invar-
iably he will shift the ground to the specific. He
will do this in small discussions as in big.
Ilya Gregorovich's mind moves always on these
factual pivots, and in his struggles with reporters,
during local press conferences, he tries earnestly
to get them to adopt something like his own cri-
teria. A local reporter will try to impress him
with the fact that the American press is free. Ilya
Gregorovich will counter with the assertion that
much of the American press is tendentiously
anti-Soviet. The reporter will charge to the bat-
tle, seeking to draw from Ilya Gregorovich an
admission as to whether he admires the fact
that the American press is free. Ilya Gregoro-
vich will counter by wondering whether the re-
porter admires the fact that much of the Ameri-
can press is anti-Soviet. The battle rages moodily
in the parlors of the little hotel-suites, across the
Southland; a clash between the American taste
for the material and the specific. Isn't it good
for the American press to be free? But is it good
for it to be tendentiously anti-Soviet? The two
questions come out of different worlds; and
the differences in the room are more than those
(Copyright, 1946, N.Y. Post Syndicate)
By IREX PEARSON
ASHINGTON. -Thwo. wiho have
sat in on the hectic closed-door
conferences over the railroad strike
report that it is hard to say who has
been sorest at the prima donna tact-
ics of "Brother" A. F. Whitney, head
of the trainmen -- government of-
ficials or the other brotherhood lead-
ers who are not striking but were
thrown out of work by the trainmen
and the locomotive engineers.
A one time probably the Presi-
dent of the United States was the
most irked at the grandstanding
Illp"A as Ol
dificuty ettngWhitney to stay
in Washington. He was constant-
ly threatering; to stage an opera
exit to Cleveland without even
bothering to advise the White
This brought a sharp tongue-lash-
ing from the President during one of
"What do you mean to do - walk
out on the president of the United
States?" Truman roughly inquired of
"No, sir," responded Whitney -
and his voice lacked its usual brus-
"Well, then you had better stay
here until we get this thing settled,
and try to) show a little more cooper-
ation," snapped Truman.
Inside fact is that the disastrous
railroad tie-up was close to set-
tlement last Wednesday, the day
before the five-day truce ended.
Then, suddenly. the acrobatic Mr.
Whitney reversed hnmsef.
Whitney had t entatively agreed to
settle on the basis of a pay boost -
two and one-half cents more than the
President's fact-finding board pro-
posed - with four rules changed
over and above tie 14 changes prey-.
iously recommended by the board.
The dditionl rules chanes de-
mande b hiny ee: l1 ay
for roih'od workers P" hile attend-
ing investigations of accidents and
other inquhrics: (2) guarantee of 30
days a month (on the basis of 100
miles a day) work for road service
employees; (3) pay bonuses for train-
men on freight trains pulled by high-
er-powered locomotives; (4) yard
service engineers to be paid the same
as freight engineers. The latter was
demanded by Whitney's sidekick, Al-
vanley Johnston, boss of the engi-
Steelman promised to take these
rules changes up with the carriers
and was most hopeful of getting their
acceptance. He was even more hope-
ful after putting the matter up to
c"arrier chiefs latec in the diay and
finding some of them -amenable,
However, he didn't reckon with
the man who two years ago ridi-
culed the three other brotherhoods
as "three blind mice" when they
refused to arbitrate a rail strike,
but who now has refused to arbi-
For when Whitney met Steelman
again, the trainman chief had a new
set of terms, demanding 32 rules
changes instead of 18 and still in-
sisting on an 181 cent hourly in-
crease. Steelman is noted for his
even temper in labor negotiations,
but after listenin to this ultimatum
he had a touight time controlling
"Al," he declared, "how do you ex-
poet to get a compromise if you go
up instead of down in your demands?
Yesterday you seemed agreeable to
only four rules modifications in ad-
dition to those recommended by the
emergency board. Now you want a
total of 32."
"I have talked it over with my com-
mittee and that is the minimum we
can agree to," replied Whitney.
"I wonder if you really want to
settle this strike, Al," countered
Steelman sharply. However, Whit-
ney refused to budge from his new
(Copyright, 1946, Bell Syndicate)
W'A S'INGfTON MERRY-GO-RO 1IND:
Trainman Wbitney Reverses Himiself
DAILY OFFICIAL BULLETIN
Publication in the Daily Official BuIl-
letin is constructive notice to ll nmem-
hers of the University. Notices for the
Bulletin should be sent in typewritten
form to the Assistant to the President,
1021 Angell Hall, by 3:30 p.m. on the day
preceding publication (11:00 a.m. Sat-
TUESDAY, MAY 28, 1916
VOL. LVI, No. 151
Pay checks which would normally
be released May 31 to University em-
ployees on the monthly salary roll
will be released May 29.
The General Library and all the
Divisional Libraries will be closed on
Thursday, Memorial Day, May 30.
School of Education Faculty: The
May meeting of the Faculty will be
held today at 4:15 in the University
Football Tickets: Football admis-
sion tickets for University of Michi-
gan students will be issued at the
time of registration for the fall se-
Students who wish to purchase
tickets for their parents or friends
should order tickets before August
1 to be fissured of receiving them.
Application blanks for tickets may
be obtained at the ticket office in
the Administration Building on Fer-
ry Field between 8:30 a.m. and 4:30
Lockers at the Intramural Sports
Building must be vacated by June
7. The building will be closed on
and after. June 8.
Students, College of Literature,
Science, and the Arts:
Dr. Fletcher and Dr. Harris of the
Bureau of Psychological Services will
present a lecture to our students on
"Little Known Professional Oppor-
tunities," today at 4:30 p.m., 1025
Dr. Sherman and Miss Eldersveld
of the Bureau of Psychological Ser-
vices will present a lecture on "Vo-
cational Occupations for Women"
Wednesday, May 29, 4:30 p.m., 1025
Women Students: There will be
12:30 permission May 29 and 11:00
permission May 30 for all women
Notice to Men Students and House-
The closing date for the Spring
Term will be June 22 and room rent
in approved rooming houses for men
shall be computed to include this
date. As per the terms of the con-
tracts, students are expected to pay
the full amount of the contract three
weeks before the end of the term.
Registration for the Summer Ses-
sion begins June 26 and classes begin
If either the householder or the
student wishes to terminate their pre-
sent rooming house agreement, notice
should be given to the Office of the
Dean of Students on or before June
1. Student may secure forms for
this purpose in Room 2, University
Students: Colleges of Literature,
Science and the Arts; Architecture
and Design; Schools of Education;
Forestry and Conservation; Music;
and Public Health. Blueprints will
be mailed in June to the address on
each student's permanent record. If
there has been a change in the home
address since your first registration,
please notify te Registrar's Office,
Room 4, University Hall.
Mr. Hall of Sears Roebuck will be
at the Ann Arbor store for two weeks,
between 9:00 a.m.-12:00 noon and
2:00 p.m.-5:00 p.m., interviewing men
for their executive training program.
Men who have had military experi-
ence in handling supplies or doing
administrative work would be qual-
ified. For further details call at the
Bureau of Appointments, 201 Mason
Elizabeth Sargent Lee Medical His-
tory Prize: Established in 1939 by
bequest of Professor Alfred O. Lee, a
member of the faculty of the Univer-
sity from 1908 until his death in
1938. The income from the bequest
is to be awarded annually to a junior
or senior premedical student in the
College of Literature, Science, and
the Arts for writing the best essay on
some topic concerning the history of
medicine. Freshmen in the Medical
School who are on the Combined
Curriculum in Letters and Medicine
are eligible to compete in the contest.
The following committee has been
appointed to judge the contest: As-
sistant Professor John Arthos, Chair-
man, Professor Adam A. Christman,
and Assistant Professor Frederick H.
The Committee has announced the
following topics for the contest:
1. History of a Medical Unit
2. Medical-Aid Man
3. Medicine in Industry
4. Tropical Medicine
Prospective contestants may con-
sult committee members, by appoint-
(1) A first prize of $50 and a second
prize of $25 is being offered.
(2) Manuscripts should be 3,000 to
5,000 words in length, (3) the man-
uscripts should be typed, double spac-
ed, on one side of the paper only.
(4) contestants must submit two cop-
ies of their manuscripts, and (5) all
manuscripts should be handed in at
Room 1220 Angell Hall by May 31.
WILLOW VILLAGE PROGRAM
for veterans and their wives:
Tuesday, May 28: Discussion Group
led by Mrs. David Palmer, Woburn
Court. 2 p.m. Conference Room,West
Tuesday, May 28: Safety Series
"Sparks" Movies, talk and demon-
strations presented by The Detroit
Edison Company, 8 p.m. Village Com-
Wednesday, May 29: Bridge, 2-4
p.m.; 8-10 p.m. Conference Room,
Friday, May 31: Dancing Class:
Beginners, 7 p.m.; Advanced 8 p.m.;
Open Dancing, 9-10 p.m., Club Room,
Saturday, June 1: Club Room
Dancing, 8:30-11:30 p.m. Club Room,
Sunday, June 2: Classical Music,
Records, 3-5 p.m. Office, West Lodge.
Professional Degree Examination
for Charles Horace King, Mechanical
Engineering; thesis: "Supervisory De-
velopment Technique," to be held
today at 10:00 a.m., in the East Coun-
cil Room, Rackham Building. Chair-
man, R. S. Hawley.
Seminar in Applied Mathematics
and Special Functions: Mr. A. V.
Jacobson will speak on "Iterated
Fourier Transforms," at the meeting
this afternoon at 3'00 in 312 W. En-
Sophomores with B standing inter-
ested in enrolling in the College Hon-
ors Program for their Junior and
Senior years should see Professor
Dodge, 17 Angell Hall. Office hours:
1:00 to 2:30 daily, except Tuesday.
String Orchestra, Gilbert Ross,
conductor, will be heard in a program
of music of the 17 and 18 centuries
at 8:30 this evenirng in the Assem-
bly Hall of the Rackham Building.
Program: compositions by Stam-
itz, Purcell, Frescobaldi, Mozart, and
Sammartini. The public is invited.
Student Recital: Evelyn Olsen,
mezzo-soprano, will present a recital
in partial fulfillment of the require-
ments for the degree of Bachelor of
Music, at 8:30 Wednesday evening,
May 29, in Lydia Mendelssohn The-
atre. Miss Olsen is a pupil of Thelma
Lewis. Program: groups of Spanish,
French, German, and English songs.
The public is invited.
Recital Cancelled: Ruby Joan
Kuhlman's piano recital, scheduled
for Friday, May 31, in Lydia M.endel-
ssohn Theatre, has been postponed;
Madeline Ardner, pianist, who had
planned to give her recital in Lydia
Mendelssohn Theatre on Saturday,
June 1, will play at 8:30 Friday eve-
ning, May 31, in the Theatre.
Better fishing? Rotunda, Museum
Building. Through June 30. 8:00-9:00
week days; 2:00-5:00, Sundays and
Michigan Historical Collections.
(Continued on Page 4)
Revolutionary Concept Introduced
JAST SATURDAY President Truman intro-
duced an entirely new concept into Ameri-
can political thought. In his urgent appeal to
Congress for the immediate passage of labor
legislation making possible the drafting of em-
ployes who refuse to work in private industries
seized and managed by the Government, an idea
was born which amounts to revolution in the
economic, as well as political and social, system
of the United States.
The actual revoluntionary significance of Mr.
Truman's proposal is not immediately evident;
yet a careful and discerning perusal of its text
cannot but end in an admission of the fact that
it makes no difference whether or not the Senate
approves it, as did the House of Representatives
immediately after Mr. Truman had made his re-
quest. It will make little difference whether or
not legislation is passed at this moment, because
the idea has been implanted in the American
mind to stay, until its possibilities and practica-
bilty are proved or refuted by trial.
The proposed legislation is revolutionary be-
cause it harbors in it, eventually complete, that
is, totalitarian, control of industry, perhaps at
first only of those which are considered essential
to the public welfare, those which might be term-
ed public utilities.
The proposed legislation is different. from
the British nationalization of the coal mines in
that in England the owners of the industry are
ficulty remains in determining the exact defini-
tion of emergency, and just how long such a
situation can be said to exist.
The totalitarian aspect of Mr. Truman's
requested legislation lies in the fact that such
an idea or concept as that of government con-
trol, once instituted, has a definite tendency
to become a habit in the mind of the American
public, making government seizure by declara-
tion an easy way out of labor difficulties. Af-
ter all, in a state of emergency such as this
country is now undergoing, one which might
readily be termed even more serious and despc-
rate than the Pearl Harbor attack, the stakes of
public welfare are very high, and Government
is at liberty to play them for all they are worth.
The question ,then, is whether it is more worth-
while to live through a potential economic anar-
chy, the kind which is now threatening us, even
temporarily, and the unscrupulous practices of
a few power-mad leaders, in order to hold on to
the right of private enterprise, or to depart from
complete freedom of private ente'prise and every-
thing connected with it, and to embark on new
ways of achieving the same object: economic
welfare and security for everyone.
014rg Alcliijan :45at3
Edited and managed by students of the University of Michigan under the
authority of the Board in, Control of Student Publications.
Margaret Farmer . . . . . . . . . . . Managing Editor
Hale Champion . . . . . . . . . . . Editorial Director
They wontheballame, Barnabv. ...?Without
iBy Crockett Johnson
Your father's amateurs will havetogetalong
Emily E. Knapp
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . City Editor
. . . . . . . . . . . . . Associate Editor
. . . . . . . Associate Editor
,. .. . . . .. . Sports Editor
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. . . . . . . . . . . . . Women's Editor
The'score-was 23 to 22.