THE MICHIGAN DAILY
SUNDAY, MAR~CH 10, 17,16
n~n-- - -
Edited and managed by students of the University of
Michigan under the authority of the Board of Control
of Student Publications.
Margaret Farmer.. . . . . . Managing Editor
Robert Goldman . . . . . . City Editor
Hale Champion..... ... Editorial Director
Emily E. Knapp . . . . . . . Associate Editor
Pat Cameron.... . .... .. .Associate Editor
...Clark Baker .. ..... ........Sports Editor
Des Howarth . . . . . . . Associate Sports Editor
Ann Schut .. ...........Women's Editor
Dona Guimaraes .. . Associate Women's Editor
Dorothy Flint . . . . . . . . Business Manager
Joy Altman . . . . . .Associate Business Manager
Evelyn Mills . . . . . Associate Business Manager
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NIGHT EDITOR-PAUL HARSHA
Editorials published in The Michigan Daily
are written by- members of The Daily staff
and represent the views of the writers only.
WITH a highly idealistic flourish the American
government has committed itself to granting
complete independence to the Philippines Islands
this summer. And, if no Filipino'or American has
the courage to demand a delay of the final decree,
the United States will plunge headlong into one
of its most serious diplomatic blunders.
Certainly I believe in Philippine Indepen-
dence, as do the Filipinos themselves, but
ma'ny of them have now come to realize that
a delay of from two to five years is essential
to the prosperous future of that country. The
simple fact is that the Islands are economi-
cally destitute and that at least five years
will be required to reconvert the country to
the peacetime agricultural economy which
previously supported the people.
ASIDE from her moral obligation to rebuild the
Philippines, the United States must, of diplo-
matic necessity, launch her protege into state-
hood in the best possible style. For some months
now Congress has had under consideration a bill
to provide funds to aid in thze rebuilding of the
Philippines. How much more easily the bill might
go through and how mch more efficiently such
reconstruction could take place if American con-
trol were maintained temporarily. That the poli-
tical situation in the Islands is not altogether
serene can be seen from the outbreaks in central
Luzon where the whole question of land reform
threatens to come to a climax after the election
next month. Any American funds administered
by the Philippine government are bound to arouse
criticism and touch off long standing disputes
among the 18,000,000 people.
PHILIPPINE commerce badly needs American
supervision and assistance. To date only drib-
lets of goods have been unloaded at Manila and
even less is being exported from the country.
Too, the entire question of tariffs on exports to
the United States is still to be studied and a just
and .adequate solution worked out.
How can independence be delayed? There is
no obvious answer in sight. Although many
prominent Filipinos favor the delay, it would still
be political suicide for any Filipino leader who
suggested it to the American government. Manual
Roxes, the favored candidate for the Presidency
in next month's election will certainly not
jeopardize a bright political future. In fact, it is
doubtful if he wants to, since he is backed by the
financial interests of Manila who favor indepen-
dence for their own gains. Aging President
Osmena, who has so far stayed on a middle-of-
the-road policy might conceivably make such a
request shortly before his term expires, but his
standpat position makes this highly improbable.
Army and A-Bomb
By DREW PEARSON
WASHINGTON.-Capitol Hill today is more
besieged by lobbyists than at any time in
years. Big utility lobbyists are working against
any increase of federal power, even passing out
nylons to Congressmen's wives to win votes. The
American Legion is button-holing senators in
favor of military conscription, and the railroad
lobbyists are pulling wires in favor of the Bul-
winkle Bill which exempts the railroads from
One of the most efficient though secret lob-
bies, however, is that conducted by the Army to
secure control of the atomic bomb. Army lobby-
ists have been sitting down for quiet talks with
Congressmen to convince them that atomic ener-
gy is not safe in the hands of the scientists who
developed it, must be placed in the hands of mili-
tary men exclusively.
Scientists on the other hand, unskilled at
politics or activity outside their own labora-
tory, have been outsmarted at the lobbying
game. Anyone whotakes the trouble to talk
to them, however, gets an interesting story
on how the atom bomb was developed, which
shows how little the military did.
Actually, the real story of the A-bomb's devel-
opment by civilians from all over the World is still
little known. Early in 1939, Dr. Leo Szilard, a
Hungarian scientist, and Dr. Enrico Fermi, an
Italian anti-Facist, working as a team at Colum-
bia University, made marked advances in estab-
lishing chain reactions. They informed German-
born Dr. Albert Einstein of their discovery.
Einstein informed Russian-born Dr. Alexander
Sachs, who, in turn, told President Roosevelt of
the new developments.
Roosevelt, recognizing its importance, set up a
coordinating committee to investigate atomic
energy. There was no secret about atomic energy
at that time. Scientific reviews carried all the
latest information about its development. An ob-
scure scientific journal called the "Physical
Review," published in April 1939, carried an
article by Szilard under the fantastic title of
"Instantaneous Emission of Fast Neutrons in the
Interaction of Slow Neutrons with Uranium,"
which told the whole story. Few non-scientific
Americans read the article, but its contents were
communicated throughout the world-including
Szilard was working largely on the basis
of information originally developed by Dr.
Nils Bohr, a Danish scientist, the father of
atomic energy, whose return to the united
States the Army is now trying to prevent.
NOTE-The brass-hat atomic bill gives the
military a nine-year term of office, and makes
their removal from the Atomic Commission al-
most impossible. The civilian control bill which
Truman is backing permits the President to
remove any member of the Commission at the
discretion of the Chief Executive.
(Copyright, 1946, by the Bell Syndicate, Inc)
In religion, two very different views of educa-
tion are always before us-the evangelists sup-
porting the former, and the religous educator, the
modern teacher, the sociologist, the parish priest,
and the psychologist embracing the other. The
evangelical view is that growth of soul constitutes
education. This is inexplicable, mystical, per-
formed by hidden forces and is too sacred to be
examined. The poets and the artists are inclined
to line up with the evangelist in this theory.
The instrumentalist view is very different.
With those of this school of thought, the
teacher and his methods constitute educa-
tion. Education examines life's energies as a
phase of the growth of soul, becomes familiar
with how personality develops. Thus men can
make external conditions unfavorable or
favorable for that spiritual transaction called
soul growth. Those who hold this view insist
that no mystery is too sacred to be examined
by man; they see many who are ignorant and
this ignorance they insist is an offense to God.
Supplant ignorance with knowledge and we
will both reduce or understand the mystery
and increase the probability of growth. The
religious educator takes this positive attitude
and does it to advance Christiantity. He
quotes from the parables of Jesus as illustra-
tive of the Master's rare skill and he uses the
teachings of Jesus.
He insists that the fact that Jesus chose and
taught disciples and sent apostles should justify
the school.process. He appropriates the whole
Biblical series from the books of the Pentateuch
to the pastoral letters as curricular sources. He
studies situations, scrutinizes the purpose in
original cases and by both induction and deduc-
tion arrives at a law or principle. He not only
repudiates the person who expects to "get saved"
without mental effort, but insists that salvation
is the grace of God accepted by man. He holds
that grace, while-basic, is but the starting place
for a renewal of mankind by faith, knowledge
and works. He goes farther and says that spirit
is mind, but it is mind functioning in the selec-
tion of values. Therein he sees "worth-selection"
as worship; and God is thought of as the ultimate
pattern or ideal, toward which man must move
to be happy, contented or secure and to reach
Edward W. Blakeman
Counselor in Religous Education
General Library List
Alinsky, Saul D.
Reveille for radicals. Chicago, University of
Chicago Press, 1946.
Beach Red. New York, Random House, 1945.
My Wayward Parent, Indianapolis, Bobbs-
Soldiers of God. New York, Dutton, 1945.
Drake, St. Clair
Black Metropolis. A study of negro life in a
northern city. New York, Harcourt, 1945.
Priestly, John Boynton
Three Men in New Suits. New York, Harper,
THE WHITE DEER by James Thurber. Har-
court and Brace, 1945. 115 pages.
DENIS BROGAN in The American Character
whimsically speaks of Thurber as "one of the
acutest American sociologists." He has hit on
the thread that is continuous in all of Thurber's
art, prose and cartoons. Frcm Let Your Mind
Alone, through Fables for Our Times, to Men,
Women, and Dogs, Thurber has been laughing
at the foibles of sophisticated modern man with
a dry, rather somber, fanciful humor which is
perfectly in tune with the times. In The White
Deer, a fairy story for grown-ups, he continues
He has all the trappings of mystic adventure;
an Enchanted Wood, a Fairy Princess, castles
and dragons and quests, and a happy ending. It
sounds not so much like Grimm, however, as like
Thurber. His description approaches poetry, as
for example, this pearl, "They began the long
ride home across the pale and perilous plain-
across the valley of violets, over the ruby ridge
and the misty moor, through the fiery fen and
the golden glade and the bronze bog and the
silver swamp-". The whole of the book is in a
singing prose rhythm which abounds in repeti-
tion, alliteration, figure, and all the literary
devices which can be used to carry you, the
reader, away from this world. It is like Thurber
that the characters and problems of the story
bring you right back.
For Thurber, even in this new world of his,
continues the satire. The characters remain
Thurberesque, a little bit sad, and wonderfully
funny. There is the Good King Clode, who roars
orders repetitiously because he is unhappy that
they are not alaways carried out. There is the ex-
Royal Astronomer, Tocko, who is worried over the
speed with which time flies. There is the Royal
Recorder, the King's legal and economic advisor,
who explains learnedly that "Sorceries run in
cycles." There is the Royal Physician, torn by
his duo-personality as his own doctor and his
own patient. And there is young Prince John,
who is a poet. Each of these characters comment
upon the modern pretense to efficiency and
science, carried a little too far. Man is not as
complex as he pretends, says Mr. Thurber.
In The White Deer, you will rejoice in the
beautiful prose, be enchanted with the knowingly
innocent air of the story, and be left with a teas-
ing temptation to regard the characters and the
story as allegorical on a moral and social level.
You will be amazed to find that a story so deli-
cate, so subtle in humor, can not only make you
laugh, but will also make you think.
KICKS & M
misiikissimae eie s ssie e:m!ssasm
THOSE OF YOU who were on hand to follow
such matters last year, should have no trouble
recalling Jo Stafford's recording of "I Didn't
Know About You." It inpresed me as a good
effort; Miss Stafford is an honest singer, and
she has a slick way with a phrase. This accolade
is included here because she's turned lots of
others just as good, along with a solo album this
It's -a Capitol release, with the ubiquitous Paul
Weston leading the background music, The ones
I liked best were "Yesterdays", "Georgia On My
Mind," and "Alone Together", but there are five
other sides to choose from. Query: why have
there been only three recordings of "Yesterdays"
through the years since "Roberta"?
JUST IN PASSING: Two Gershwin albums are
out and around, one by Billy Butterfield and his
band on Capitol, and a jazz concert by Condon
and his men on Decca. The treatments, of course,
are different, but the Condon one gets my nod, if
only for Lee Wiley's singing and about 30 seconds
of Edmond Hall's clarinet.
Peggy Lee, backed by husband Dave Barbour
and his orchestra, sings "I Can See It Your Way"
and " I Don't Know Enough About You", in that
slow way she knows so well. Also Charlie Barnet
on "Xango", and a fine Columbia album of the
Yale Glee Club. The "Whiff Song" is included, of
Publication in the Daily Official Bul-
etn Is constructive notice to all mem-
bers of the University. Notices for the
Bulletin should be sent in typewritten
form to the Assistant to the President,
1021 Angell Hall, by 3:30 p. m. on the day
preceding publication (11:00 a. m. Sat-
SUNDAY, MARCH 10, 1946
VOL. LVI, No. 84
Student Tea: President and Mrs.
Ruthven wil be at home to students
Wednesday afternoon, March 12,
from 4 to 6 o'clock.
Sunday Library Service: On all
Sundays during the Spring Term, be-
ginning March 10, the Main Reading
Room and the Periodical Room of the
General Library will be kept open
from 2 pm. to 9 p.m.
Books from the other parts of th
building which are needed for Sunday
use will be made available in the Mair
Reading Room if requests are mad
on Saturday of an assistant in th
reading room where the books arc
Choral Union Members whose at-
tendance records are clear, please cal
for their pass courtesy pass ticket'
for the Detroit Symphony Orchestr
concert on the day of the perform
ance Monday, March 11, between 9:3(
and 11:30 and 1 and 4. After 4 o'cloc
no passes will be issued.
Women students earning their ex-
penses by living and working in pri-
vate homes are requested to notify th
Office of the Dean of Women imme-
Slide rules, polyphase, with leath-
er cases are available at $3.50 each
cash, or on Veterans' textbook order
in Room 2028 East Engineering Build.
Fraternity presidents of group;
which formerly maintained house:
should apply to the Office of the
Dean of Students for blanks on whic
to list current membership.
Eligibility Certificates for the
Spring Term may be secured immed-
iately if the last report of grades i
brought to the Ofice of the Dean o
House Directors and Social Chair-
men are reminded that requests fo
social events must be filed in the Of-
fice of the Dean of Students not late
than the Monday before the event for
which approval is requested. It should
be accompanied by written accep-
tance from two sets of APPROVED
CHAPERONS and, in the case of fra-
ternities and sororities, by approval
from the financial adviser. APPROV-
ED CHAPERONS may be 1) parents
of active members of pledges, 2) pro-.
fessors, associate professors or assis-
tant professors, or 3) couples already
approved by the Committee on Stu-
dent Affairs. A list of the third group
is available at the OFFICE OF THE
DEAN OF STUDENTS.
Honor Societies: The attention of
honor societies is called to the fact
that the date of Honors Convocation
has been set for April 26. It is request-
ed that all societies hold their elec-
tions as early as possible after the
beginning of the Spring Term so that
the names of new members may be
inserted in the Honors Convocation
Dean of Students
All students who are registered with
the Bureau of Appointments are re-
minded to come in to the Bureau, 201
Mason Hall, and bring their sched-
ule of classes and change of address
or phone up-to-date.
City of Detroit Civil Service an-
nouncement has been received in this
1) Junior City Planner, Salary:
2) Intermediate City Planner, Sal-
Closing date is March 21.
3) Student Social Worker, Salary:
4) Social Case Worker, Salary:
5)Medical Social Worker, Salary:
Closing date is April 10.
6) Technical Aid (Male & Female)
Closing date is April 5.
For further information, call at the
Bureau of Appointments, 201 Mason
The National Board of the Young
Women's Christian Associations of the
United States of America is interested
in receiving applications from young
women who would like to work in
health educations, with employed
girls, as directors and associate direc-
tors in associations al over the United
States. For full information inquire
at the Bureau of Appointments.
Bronson-Thomas Annual German
Language Award offered to juniors
and seniors in German. The contest
will be held from 2:00 to 5:00 p.m.,
Friday, March 22, in room 204 Uni-
versity Hall. The award, in the1
amount of $27 will be presented to
the student writing the best essay
dealing with some phase in the devel-
opment of German literature from
1750 to 1900. Students who wish to
compete and who have not yet
handed in their applications should
do so immediately in Room 204 Uni-
Rothe-IHildner Annual G e rmnan
Language Award offered to students
n courses 31, 32 35 and 36. The con-
test, a translation competition (Ger-
man-English and English-German),
aries two stipends of $30 and $20
respectively, and will be held from
:00 to 4:00 p.m., Friday, March 22.
n Room 205 Mason Hall. Students
vho wish to compete and who have
lot yet handed in their applications
;hould do so immediately in 204 Uni-
Miss Gladys Potter, Acting Directo:
f Elementary Schools, Long Beach
'alifornia will be in Ann Arbor or
Thurday afternoon, March 14, to in-
erview persons who would be inter.
sted in teaching in California 1946.
7. Although Miss Potter is chiefl,
nterested in elementary teachers,
he would be glad to talk with other:
vho may be interested in the Lon
3cach schools. Call Miss Briggs a
he Bureau of Appointments for a
-onference with Miss Potter.
Dr. hJohn P. Fox, President of tE
? unahou School in Honolulu will b
n Michigan some time the latter par
if March. Persons who are interestec
n teaching positions in Hawaii car
ecure complete information from the
3ureau of Appointments. Position:
tre open in many fields: elementary
ndustrial arts, mathematics, socia
tudies, general science, history, typ-
ng, art, home economics, biology
peech, guidance, library science
mursing, physical education, music
?alaries are excellent and living con-
Teachers who may wish appoint
nents in the Toledo, Ohio, publi
chools can get full information as t
.xaminations at the Bureau of Ap-
ointments. Examinations will be
iven on Saturday, April 13 in Scot'
Sigh School, Toledo to those person
vhose credentials are sent to the Su
>erintendent of Schools prior to Apri
Religious Counseling. The Counsel
r in Religious Education is availabl
o confer with students upon religiour
nd personal affairs daily, 11 to 12
a.m. and 2 to 4 p.m. (Other hours b
tppointment.) at 215 Angel Hall.
Hon. Philip F. LaFollette, thre
imes Governor of Wisconsin and s
Colonel on MacArthur's staff durin
;he War, wil be presented by the Ora-
.orical Association Lecture Course
ruesday, 8:30 p.m. at Hill Auditor-
.um. He will speak on the subject "P
Sound American Policy". Tickets fo
he lecture will be placed on sale to-
norrow in the Auditorium box office
.vhich will be open from 10:00-1:00
3:00-5:00 tomorrow and from 10:00-
1:00, 2:00-8:30, Tuesday. Holders o
Season Tickets are advised to use th
3oothby Ticket for admission as Mr
VaFolette is replacing Robert Booth.
ry on the Course.
French Lecture: Professor William:
McLaughlin, of the Romance Lan-
;uage Department, will offer the
+hird of the series of the French lec-
tures sponsored by the Cercle
,rancais on Thursday, March 14, al
1:10 p.m., in Room D, Alumni Memor-
ial Hall. His lecture, which will b
illustrated with slides, is entitled:
"Caen, ville d'art, ville martyre".
Tickets for the series of lecture
may be procured from the Secretary
f the Department of Romance Lan.
;uages (Room 112, R.L.Bldg.) or a
the door at the time of the lecture for
i small sum. These lectures are open
.o the general public.
Candidates for the Teacher's Cer-
tificate for June: Please call at the
office of the School of Education
1437 University Elementary School.
on Wednesday or Thursday afternoon.
March 13 or 14, between 1:30 and
4:30 to take the teacher's oath. Thi~
is a requirement for the certificate.
Graduate Students planning to
take the Graduate Record Examina-
tion are notified that this examina-
tion will be given in two sessions,
March 13 and 14, at 6:45 p.m. I
Students taking the examination
who have not paid the $3.00 examina-
tion fee should pay at the Cashier's
Office and bring the fee stub to the
Graduate School Office. Veterans'
purchase of the examination has been
authorized by the Veterans' Admin-
istration and veterans can receive
approval for the remission ofthe fee
at the Graduate School.
The examination is required of all
new students and of former students
DAILY OFFICIAL BULLETIN
The Detroit Symphony Orchestra,
Karl Krueger, Conductor, will give
the tenth program in the Choral Un-
ion Concert Series, Monday night,
March 11, at 8:30, in Hill Auditorium.
Dr. Krueger has arranged the follow-
Symphony in C major, No. 31
"La Mer" ............. . . . .. Debussy
Overture, "Fingal's Cave"...,.
.. ..- . . ........ Mendelssohn
Excerpts from "The Tempest"
.. . . . .. . . Sibelius
"Death and Transfiguration".
Student Recital: Grace Huddle
Lookhoff, soprano, will present a re-
Atal in partial fulfillment of tie re-
:luirements for the degree of Master
f Music at 8:30 p.m., Sunday. March
10, in Lydia Mendelssohn Theater.
She is a student of voice with Arthur
Hackett, and a member of Mu Phi
The general public is invited.
Ancient Man in the Great Lakes
Region." Rotunda, University Muse-
um Building, March 5 through April
Varsity Glee Club: Full concertr-
learsal, today at 3:00 sharp.
Greek Orthodox Students will meet
Sunday at 5:30 p.m. at Lane Hall
md'er leadership of Fr. S. Sophocles.
the discussion will be introduced by
)r. Edward W. Blakeman, Counselor
>n Religion in the University.
Special Meeting-Faculty Women's
ilub: There will be a Board Meeting
>f the Faculty Women's Club on
Cuesday, March 12 at 10 o'clock at
he Michigan League. It will be fol-
owed by an open meeting at 10:30
'clock for voting on the revised con-
;titution. A first reading of tle revi-
sion was given at a special meeting
>n February 12. All members are
urged to come.
The Tuesday Afternoon Play Read-
ing Section of the Faculty Women's
Club will meet March 12 at the
Michigan League. Dessert at 1:15 in
he Russian Tea Room. Reading at
2:00 in the Mary B. Henderson Rol.
Hillel Foundation: A meeting of the
sntire staff of the Hillel News will be
feld Tuesday, March 12, at 4:10 p.m.
All assignments for the coming issue
will be made at that time.
University of Michigan Section of
he American Chemical Society will
neet on March 12, at 4:15 p.m. in
3oom 151 of the Chemistry building.
)r. R. W. Cairns of the Hercules Pow-
ter Co., Wilmington, Delaware, will
;peak on "Properties of Explosives."
the public is cordially invited.
League House President's meeting
Aill be held Tuesday, March 12, at
>:00 p.m. in the League. Be sure and
,ring your eligibility cards with you!
A.S.M.E.: There will be a meeting
if The American Society of Mechan-
cal Engineers Wednesday evening,
MIarch 13, at 7:30 p.m. in Room 304
f the Michigan Union. Professor
Schneidewind of the Metallurgical
engineering Department will talk on
;he subject of "Permanent Mold
[ron." This will be the first meeting
of the spring semester and all Me-
,hanicals are urged to attend. Those
vho are not members of this organ-
.zation may make application Wed-
First Presbyterian Church: 10:45
i.m., Morning Worship at the First
Presbyterian Church. Dr. Lemon's
Lenten Sermon is entitled "The
5:00 p.m.: Westminster Guild will
have Mr. A. K. Stevens as a speaker
-) "Christianity in Account with
Tabor and Race" (Motion Picture).
Supper will be served following the
First Congregational Church: At
10:45 a.m. service Dr. Parr will speak
on ''The Paradox of Life.'' First in
the Lenten series "The Paradoxes of
6:00 - 8:00 P.M.: Congregational-
Disciples Guild cost supper and pro-
gram. Mr. John McCaw, National Di-
rector of Student Work, Memorial
Christian Church, speaker. Topic will
be "Christianity and the World."
Memorial Christian Church (Disci-
ples of Christ). Morning worship
10:50 a.m. Rev. Mr. F. E. Zendt will
preach on "Jeremiah."
The Congregational-Disciples Guild
will meet Sunday evening at 6:00
p.m. at the Congregational Church,
State and Williams. Mr. John McCaw
will be our guest and will speak on
"Christianity as related to the World
Situation," He is the national direc-
tor of Student Work for the Disciples
Af Ohriet . A ,e+01r,.nlz~il _ _
What of United States intervention? For-
mer High Commissioner Paul V. McNutt has
studiously avoided the issue since his return
to America. From his silence, it is inferred by
some circles that he opposes independence
now but is unable to buck the Administration
policy. So far no one in Congress or in the
State Department has had either the interest
or the intestinal fortitude to look deeply into
the issue and lay it before the American
Someone in Washington must act now! Inde-
pendence for the Philippines this year will cer-
After I sign this check, I want to dictate
a letter to J. J. O'Malley. Assuring,
him that his story will get a lavish,
By Crockett Johnson
i r 1
Yes, Mr. Wynngold. Of course. Only
I've been meaning to tell yoy . .
We don't seem to have his address.
An inexplicable situation, m'boy.-
What, I ask, could have happened
Ito your Fairv Godfather's check?