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May 18, 1946 - Image 1

Resource type:
The Michigan Daily, 1946-05-18

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VOL. LVI, No. 143



.... . .......... ..



Seizes Railroads


Assailed As
Pravda Criljecizes
Role at Paris Talks
MOSCOW, May 17 -/p)- enator
Arthur IT. Vandenberg was assailed
by a writer in the Communist party
newspaper Pravda today as a "town
crier of reaction" who tried to play
the role of "grave digger" at the for-
eign ministers' conference in Paris.
Other Soviet newspaper articles
criticized Secretary of State James
F. Byrnes' proposal for a November
conference on German peace terms
as possibly encouraging aggression in
the Reich, and quoted an American
newspaper as saying United States'
attempts to obtain bases in Iceland
were not improving Soviet American
(A Moscow broadcast also declared
that the United States was seeking
bases in Iceland, Latin America, and
British territories. Another charged
that Britain and America had put up
a "common front" at the foreign min-
isters conference and had blamed
"Soviet intransigeance" in advance
for any difficulties arising there.)
Taking Vandenberg, Michigan Re-
publican, to task for giving a trans-
atlantic telephone interview last week
from Paris to the New York Herald-
Tribune, the writer, B. fzakov, said:
"Vandenberg appeared as a grave
digger at the Paris conference, but
at the same time he tried to unload
the guilt from a sick head onto a
healthy one and busied himself with
insinuations against the Soviet Un-
Sixty-Nine Ask
For Active Duty
Sixty-nine of a total of 131 NROTC
students graduating in June have re-
quested active duty, according to an
announcement made yesterday by
Capt. Woodson H. Michaux, com-
mandant .of the University Naval
The remaining 62 will be retained
in the Naval Reserve on inactive duty
providing they have sufficient points
for demobilization at the time of
To Be Commissioned
Those men who have requested
activeduty will bescommissionedtat
the June ceremonies here, while the
others are to receive their commis-
sions by mail.
Recommendations for active duty
assignments are as follows: large
combatant ships, 11 students; large
auxiliaries, 10; destroyers, seven; de-
stroyer escorts, six; patrol craft,
eight; amphibious, nine; small auxi-
liaries, one; minecraft, three; sup-
ply, 12, and Marine Corps, two
Supply Corps Preference
Newly - commissioned officers who
have indicated a preference for sup-
ply corps will go to the Naval Supply
Corps School, Bayonne, N.J., for three
months, and will then be assigned
billets with the fleet.
The two graduating Marines, who
have requested active duty, will be
sent to Marine Barracks at Quanti-
co, Va., for Basic School.
O(A Files Suit

Against Dealer
Charges Cars Sold
Above Ceiling Prices
A suit for treble damages amount-
ing to $3,798.36 for the sale of used
cars above ceiling prices has been
filed in U. S. District Court against
E. Convis, doing business as Convis
Motor Sales, 427 S. Main St., the
Michigan District Office of Price Ad-
ministration announced yesterday.
The violations, which occurred be-
tween Sept. 20 and Nov. 24, 1945, were
for the sale of used cars for a total
of $1,266.12 over ceiling prices and
for the sale of used cars at a war-
ranted price at a time when Convis

Hoover Urges Greater Self-Denial
Food Shortage
Is Now Facing
800,000,000 .........

Halt Strike
ODT Given Full
Wartime Powers
President Appeals to Workers
To Cooperate, Remain on Duty

By The Associated Press
CHICAGO, May 17-Herbert Hoo-
ver, reporting on his world survey
of famine areas, called upon Ameri-
cans tonight for greater self-denial
to help save 800,000,000 persons from
the "grimmest spectre of famine in
all the history of the world."
He warned that unless more food
is shipped to hunger-ridden areas
during the next several months, mil-
lions will be condemned to a diet like
that of prisoners in the Nazi con-
centration camps at Buchenwald and
Speech Broadcast
Hoover's address was for a Famine
Emergency Committee meeting and a
nationwide broadcast.
The former President said his 35,-
000-mile tour through 25 countries
suffering from acute food shortages
showed that "hunger hangs over the
lhomes of more than 800,000,000
people--over one-third of the people
of the earth.
"Hunger is a silent visitor who
comes like a shadow. He sits beside
every anxious mother three times
each day. He brings not alone suf-
fering and sorrow, but fear and ter-
"He carries disorder and paralysis
of government, and even its downfall.
He is more destructive than armies,
not only in human life but in morals.
All the values of right living melt be-
fore his invasions, and every gain of
civilization crumbles.
Can Save World
"We can save these people from
the worst, if we will."
He offered two methods:
(1) Still more intensive conserva-
tion of breadstuffs and fats in North
America, and
(2) The marketing of every grain
of _cereal on farms.
"If we can succeed in persuading
every man and woman, every nation
to do their utmost, we shall master
this famine," he promised.
Hoover did not touch upon sugges-
tions that this country return to
food rationing in order to save more
for the hungry overseas. He pinned
his faith instead upon a voluntary
conservation program outlined by
President Truman's Famine Com-
* c
Ruissia Refuses
To Help Relieve
Famine Crisis
WASHINGTON, May 17 - ) - A
strategically placed official said to-
night that Generalissimo Stalin had
turned down President Truman's ap-
peal that Russia work with the Uni-
ted States and Britain in meeting the
world famine crisis.
The official, declining to permit use
of his name, said the Russian rejec-
tion was based on the contention
that the appeal came too late. They
said the Soviet reply indicated that
commitments already made by Rus-
sia prevented fulfillment of the White
House request.
There were unofficial reports that
the President did not consider the
Russian reply conclusive, that he was
still pursuing the matter, and still
hoped for Soviet aid.
This development came almost sim-
ultaneously with a joint United
States-British declaration that "a
risk of 'famine remains" despite the
best they can do for other countries.

By The Associated Press
WASHINGTON, May 17 - President Truman seized the nation's $27
000,000,000 railroad system today in an effort to head off a paralyzin
strike set for 4 p.m. tomorrow, but union leaders declared the walkou
would take place as scheduled.
The President appealed over the heads of the labor chiefs to th
workers, addressing them directly in a statement:

B-17 CRASHES - Rescue workers probe the wreckage of an Army B-17 that crashed on hillside near Fair-
fax, Calif., killing two and injuring seven of the Army men aboard. Five of the victims were trapped in the
tangled wreckage for several hours before rescue crews were able to free them.

Lewis Supported by AF of L;
Coal Strike Is Still Deadlocked

v -

By The Associated Press
WASHINGTON, May 17-()-John
L. Lewis was pledged the unqualified
support of the American Federa-
tion of Labor today as his dispute
with soft coal operators remained
The AFL Executive Council adopt-
ed a resolution promising that the
federation's 7,000,000 members would
back him "to the limit until victory
is won." It specifically supported
Lewis' demand for a health and wel-
fare fund.
Officials sought today some new
State Approves
Exerimen tal
Education Grant
A grant of $40,000 for the Univer-
sity experimental education program
during the next fiscal year was ap-
proved yesterday by the State Adult
Education Advisory Committee at
Lansing, the Associated Press report-
The University is beginning the
third year of the program for work-
ers' education, according to Prof.
Harold Y. McClusky of the School
of Education.
Other colleges receiving grants for
adult education work are: Michi-
gan State College, $12,800; Western
Michigan College, $10,000; Central
Michigan College, $8,000; Michigan
State Normal, $6,000; College of Min-
ing and Technology, $4,500 and Nor-
thern Michigan College, $3,500.
The grants totaled $242,800. New
programs in various communities
and counties had to be turned down
because of lack of funds, Dr. Eugene
B. Elliott, state superintendent of
public instruction, declared.
More Rain,
Michigan's baseball team by this
time must think the weatherman
has a grudge against them, as its
third straight Big Ten ball game
was rained out.
The Wolverines will clash with
the Minnesota nine in a double
header this afternoon, providing
there is a break in the weather.

step which might end the soft coal
deadlock before the strike is re-
newed next week-end, but there
were no indications that they found
The miners and the operators, for
their part, held no further meetings
and settled down to watchful waiting.
Each side obviously felt it was up
to the other to offer the first con-
cession on the foremost stumbling
block - the health and welfare
fund demand.
In this connection the new issue
of the United Mine Workers Journal
declared that Charles O'Neill of the
operators told President Truman on
May 10 they would accept the plan in
principle, but that they later made
"a complete repudiation of O'Neill's
White House promise."
The President met with his cab-
inet during the day to discuss the
coal dispute along with the threat-
ened railroad strike and other cur-
rent problems. There was n o word
of any decision, however.
The President's secretary, Charles
G. Ross, told reporters earlier there
was 'not a thing" new on the coal
Student Group
Asks Acquittal
In Riot Case
An eight-member student commit-
tee yesterday sent telegrams to local,
state and national officials demand-
ing that Negro defendants in the
Columbia, Tenn., riot case be ac-
The telegrams were sent to Presi-
dent Truman, Attorney G e n e r a 1
Clark, the Governor of Tennessee
and the University Student Congress.
The committee, which was formed
at a rally sponsored last week by
IRA and MYDA, called the case a
"shame to the state of Tennessee
and the United States of America."
(More than 70 Negroes were ar-
rested by Tennessee State Police af-
ter rioting broke out in Columbia
Feb. 26. Later, two Negroes were
killed by police inMaury County jail.)
The committee called for an in-
vestigation of "the murder of William
Gordon and James Johnson while in
the custody of the police."

'We Have Not Yet
Regiii To Fight..'
The Navy director has arrived.
In full regalia, the control for
the five-inch 38-caliber gun lo-
cated in front of North Hall, was
brought here yesterday to make
possible practice sighting of the
double purpose gun.,
With the official title of fire-
control director, the device for
sighting, aiming and firing as
many as four guns simultaneous-
ly, is now being mounted on the
balcony of North Hall, and will.
be ready for use June 15, Comm.
Norman Gillette, executive officer
of the University Naval Unit, re-
In commenting on the five-inch
38-caliber gun and its director,
Comm. Gillette pointed out that
"this type of gun shot down more
Jap aircraft during the war than
any other combination."
The gun was a gift from the
U. S. S. Endicott, while the direc-
tor comes from the battleship,
U. S. S. Colorado.
'U' Scientists
To Support Bill
Approval of Research
Foundation Expressed
A telegram supporting the Kilgore-
Magnuson proposal for a national re-
search foundation was sent yesterday
to Senators Vandenberg and Fergu-
son and Representative Michener by
the Association of University of Mich-
igan Scientists.
Unanimous approval of the action
was expressed by members of the
Association whose ballots have al-
ready been received. A poll of all
members on the issue was planned
at a meeting this week.
The telegram reads:
"The Federation of American Sci-
entists, with which we of the As-
sociation of University of Michigan
Scientists are affiliated, strongly sup-
ports S-1850 as being necessary to the
public welfare, since it is apparent
that progress in science and technolo-
gy cannot be adequately , achieved'
with private funds. We urge consid-
eration on this bill as early as prac-
ticable in order that it may be acted
upon in this session of Congress."

Asks Cooperation
"I call upon every employee of the
railroads to cooperate with the gov-
ernment by remaining on duty."
He said the seizure and continued
operation of the carriers were neces-
sary in the interest of the "war ef-
fort." Legally the country is still at
The seizure order, which placed the
Office of Defense Transportation in
command of the carriers, impowered
ODT to ask the Secretary of War to
furnish protection for railroad em-
ployes and to supply any equipment
and manpower deemed necessary.
Manager Named
Col. J. Monroe Johnson, ODT direc-
tor, named Charles H. Buford, execu-
tive vice-president of the Chicago,
Milwaukee, St. Paul and Pacific Rail-
road, as Federal manager of the
seized lines.
At the same time he appealed, in
telegrams to heads of the strile-
threatening unions, for recall of the
walkout notice. The carriers them-
selves were asked in other telegrams
to continue normal service.
Johnson said he had asked the Sec-
retary of War and the Attorney
General for such assistance as may
be needed, but Buford said he con-
templates no use of the military for
j unning the trains. Previously John-
son had said the decision whether
soldiers would be used depends on
Fogle Taken
For' 20 Runs
lin Opener
Pouncing upon pitcher Dick Fogle
for 20 runs in three big innings, the
Bus. Ad.-Ec. faculty softball team
opened its season yesterday by wal-
loping the nine old men of the Eng-
lish department, 20-10, before a few
scattered spectators at South Ferry
Score in Three Innings
Led by Wild Bill Palmer and Fear-
less Forest Carter, the winners scored
six times in the second inning, and
seven times in each of the fifth and
sixth frames. Only a fast double
play from Chuck Peake to Fred
Stocking to Jim Robertson kept
them from scoring in the first in-
ning. Carter was the winning pitcher.
The day's top fielding play was
turned in by Merwin Waterman, the
Bus. Ad.-Ec.'s left fielder, who went
far to his left to make a one-handed
catch of a line drive in the fifth in-
Fielders Hindered
At other times the fielders were
hindered by natural obstacles such
as overhanging trees and oncoming
Doubting Dick Boys, umpire, en-
countered his only difficult decision
>f the afternoon on a close play at
third base in the bottom half of the
fifth inning. Tails on a half-dollar
decided that the runner was safe.
Leading by 11 runs, the winners
declined to bat in their first half of
the last inning.
Line score:
Bus. Ad.-Ec. 0 6 0 0 7 7 x-20
English 2 1 0 0 4 2 1-10

By The Associated Press
WASHINGTON, May 17 - Selec-
tive Service today ordered local
boards to call up draft-eligible child-
less men 26 through 29 for physical
This was the first step in carrying
out President Truman's instructions
to expand the draft to include these
men. The President said yesterday
this was necessary "in order to' save
what we can from the near wreck-
age of the Selective Service System."
He referred to legislation passed
by Congress which extends the
draft to July 1, but prohibits in-
duction of teen-age youths and
fathers. Previously the top draft
age had been 25.
In a telegram to state selective
service officers, Draft Director Lew-
is B. Hershey ordered pre-indue-
tion examinations for childless men
26 through 29 whom the boards
"believe may qualify for military
service under existing physical and
Hershey specifically excluded men
who have been discharged from the
armed forces. He said that men with
"manifest" physical disabilities should
not be called for examination.
The cases of men 26 through 29
should be "reopened and recon-
sidered," Hershey directed, if they
are found physically fit. This means
they will be classified in 1-A--avail-
able for military service - unless
they qualify for deferment on an
occupational basis.
The War Department has esti-
mated that there are about 15,000
eligible men in the 26 to 30 age
Meanwhile influential senators ad-
vanced two plans to get early Senate
approval ofna teen-age draft under a
year's extension of selective service
and then come to grips quickly with
the House on the hot issue.
Advocates of both agreed that the
stop-gap draft extension bill will fall
short of providing men needed by the
armed forces even with the draft net
widened to take men up to 30 years
of age.
Britain Assailed

Local Boards
To Call Men
For Physicals
Will Draft Childless
Eligibles, 26 to 29


Nazis Destroyed 65,000 Bells for War Purposes

On Jewish Plan'
Arabs Lesser Threat
To Migration - Haber
The chief opposition to carrying
out the recommendation of the An-
glo-American Report on Palestine
that 100,000 European Jews be grant-
ed visas to Palestine immediately
will come from the British govern-
ment, Prof. William Haber, of the
economics department, said last night .
at a Fireside Discussion at the Hillel
Prof. Haber, who has discussed the
report with several American mem-
bers of the commission which pre-
pared it, said they agreed that Pales-
tine can easily accomodate more than
100,000 new entrants to that coun-
try. They also said they believed that
Arab opposition to the proposed im-
migration is not as great a threat
to the plan as the attitude of the
British government.
Arab witnesses to the commission's
investigations in London and Pales-
tine were "the best friends" to the
Jewish cause, according to the com-
missioners whom Prof. Haber inter-

About 65,000 bells, carillon and
other types, were destroyed during
the Nazi occupation of Europe, Prof.
Percival Price said in an interview
Prof. Price returned to Ann Arbor

moving and destruction of human
He explained that the bells were
consfiscated for the copper and tin
they contained which could be used
for war purposes. They were grouped
into four categories, tonally and his-
torically, so that the least valuable

One-fourth of them were complete-
ly demolished, he said. Germany was
hit the hardest with only two or three
standing out of the 20 they had
before the war. Holland came next
with 25 out of 70 or 80 destroyed.
He found three completely ruined in
Belgium and four in France.
In ad~ditionto this rconm'let 4des-

the Hamburg dock area, ranging
from the thirteenth century to 1940.
With Thienhaus, a German physicist,
as corroborator in physical analysis
work, Prof. Price picked bells of
different centuries and founders for
testing. They were able to work on
four or five bells a day.
Th p h*a11o a q r w itina nt. , - Tn,,',

will be unique as an investigation
on the relationship of shape; thick-
ness and size of bells to their quality
of sound. The experiments, conduct-
ed both on carillon bells and other
types, also showed that different
kinds of bells are more suitable in
different uses - for example, swing-

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