THEI MirHIGAN DAILY
Inadequately Schooled Adults
In Mental Concentration Camp
By JANIS GOODMAN
"Fifteen per cent of our adult pop-
ulation is in a mental concentration
camp by virtue of not having com-
pleted the fourth grade of school,"
according to "Swords into Plow-
shares", a new bulletin of the School
Edited by Dr. Raleigh Schorling
of the School of Education, and is-
sued by the Michigan Department
of Public Instruction, the bulletin
describes the teaching methods of
the armed forces schools and how
civilian schools can profit from
them. It was compiled from reports
of a field study of the armed ser-
vice schools made by 28 Michigan
schoolmen. Dr. Schorling headed
the group which was under the
joint sponsorship of the Depart-
ment of Public Instruction and the
Following the implications of the
title, "Swords into Ploughshares",
calls attention to teaching practices
and methods of the armed forces
which can be used to advantage by
civilian schools. The effectiveness of
the Army method, the pamphlet
points out, was due to adequate time
for lesson preparation, small classes,
good materials and learning aids and
An important recommendation
made by the educators is that civilian
schools should follow the example
of the service schools and make great-
er use of sense experiences in learn-
ing situations. In the future, they
believe, school faculties should have
a standing committee on audio-visual
aids, and teacher education institu-
tions should provide at least one good
course in the proper use of learning
Considerable attention in the
booklet is devoted to a discussion
of the physical fitness program.
"A school program in physical fit-
ness must be unified, broadly con-
ceived, and implemented by a staff
that understands the total pro-
gram." Schools should have more
sports. more teams and more plays,
as well as more participation in in-
formal activities such as camping,
tennis and scouting. Our schools,
the educators believe, should devel-
op standards of physical fitness for
each grade with testing measure-
ments and periodic checkups. These
will cause more students to be in-
terested in physical fitness. It is
important to make every student
in the program get the feel of im-
The Armed Forces schools showed
the value of a guidance and coun-
seling program. The crux of guid-
ance is the conservation of hu-
man resources, the pamphlet states.
Schools need to see that the individ-
ual pupil throughout his cchool days
is in a setting conducive to his best
development and to guide him to a
way of life, and to a competence so
that he can as an adult be reasonably
adjusted as a person and of some use
to his fellow men.
The survey showed that schools
should make a special effort to
make the school day more exciting.
"Schools should provide new and
better courses for a high fraction
of the high school population whose
needs are not well met in the tra-
ditional program." Technical edu-
cation should be expanded. Small
high schools should take a leaf from
the Armed Forces schools and ex-
pand their ctrriculum by corres-
To duplicate the army and navy
schools with their magnificent equip-
ment, small classes, abundant super-
vision, utilization of training aids,
and research programs would prob-
ably cost three or four times the
amount now provided for our public
educational system. Little improve-
ment, the educators declare, can be
made unless the public realizes that
more financial assistance must be
given to provide better schools "for
all the children of all the people."
These loveriUes lWill See Acion Aguest Notre Dame Today
SECOND BASE . . . Dom Tomasi,
another holdover from last year's
champions, is starring afield.
SHORT STOP ... Don Robinson
is adding new glory to the fame he
gained at this position in 1942.
To Nine Students
The names of five University stu-
dents who have been named to re-
ceive $500 Emma M. and Florence L.
Abbott scholarships and four to re-
ceive $200 Eugene G. Fassett scholar-
ships were announced yesterday by
Dr. Frank Robbins, assistant to
Those appointed to receive Abbott
scholarships 'were Marilyn Phyllis
Birch, '48M, Barbara Jean Rattray,
'48, Jerry Jean Gaffney, '48, Kather-
ine Elizabeth Stasewich, '48, and Pa-
tricia Ann Williams, '47. Charles Wil-
lard Moore, '47A, Ruthann Perry,
'48SM, Lois Corrine Perry, '48, and
Dolores Dorothy Marsik, '48 will're-
ceive the Fassett scholarships.
Miss Rattray was reappointed to an
Abbott scholarship, while Misses Gaf-
fney and Ruthann Perry formerly
held Fassett scholarships.
The Abbott scholarship fund was
established in 1940 by bequest of the
late Florence L. Abbott, Ph. B., '99.
They are limited to Caucasian, Prot-
estant women of American parentage.
It is expected that recipients will re-
pay the stipends in the future if they
are financially able.
The Fassett scholarships are
granted from the interest of a $20,-
000 fund received by the University
as a bequest from the late Eugene G.
Fassett, B.S., '92. It is granted to
undergraduates who have been in
residence at the University at least
Student To Give
Beverly Solorow, pianist, will pre-
sent a recital, including three orig-
inal compositions, at 8:30 p.m. today
in Lydia Mendelssohn Theatre.
Before entering the University,
Miss Solorow studied piano inder
Adelaide Zeigler Cohan in Bridge-
port, Conn. She continued with Nell
Stockwell during her first year at the
University, and since then has been
a pupil of Prof. Joseph Brinkman.
Miss Solorow is a member of Mu
Phi Epsilon, and Pi Kappa Lambda,
national music honoraries. She is ac-
companist for the University Women's
Glee Club and music consultant of
the International Center.
The recit al will be presented in par-
tial fulfiillment of the requirements
for the degree of Bachelor of Music.
Dr. Kaplan To Give
Lecture on Judaism
Dr. Mordecai M. Kaplan will speak
on "The Courage to Live As Jews" at
8 p.m. today in the Rackham Amphi-
Dr. Kaplan. who will speak under
the joint auspices of B'nai B'rith
Hillel Foundation, Beth Israel Con-
gregation and the Student Religious
Association, is the founder and leader
of the Society for the Advancement of
He is the dean of the Teachers In-
stitute of the Jewish Theological
Seminary of America and lectured at
the Graduate School for Jewish So-
cial Work and the Teachers College
of Columbia University. He served as
professor of education at Hebrew
University, Palestine, from 1937-39.
HARD.HITTING OUTFIELD . .
ing powerful bats at any game.
FIRST BASE . . Tom Rosema,
again this year is one of the -ey
men in the Maize and Blue lineup.
. Jack Weisenberger, Bob Nussbaumer and Bob Chappuis can be seen wield-
All three are backs o n the football team.
THIRD BASE . "..Walt Kell, speedy
base runner, leads off for the team
Victrola Records Sought
An appeal for victrola records to
entertain veterans at four state hos-
pitals has been issued by the Camp
and Hospital Committee of the Local
Red Cross Chapter.
The records will be used at the
Veterans Facility hospital at Fort
Custer, both Percy Jones hospitals
at Battle Creek, and at the University
Hospital where some 60 veterans are
Contributions should be brought
to the Red Cross headquarters, 1601
Washtenaw, Mr. Worley, chairman of
the committee, declared.
"Unusual Safety Tricks"
Prof. Shirley W. Allen will discuss
"Some Unusual Safety Tricks" at
8:00 p.m. today in the Willow Run
Sound motion pictures will also be
shown as a part of the safety pro-
grain which is the third in the series.
* * *
Aquatic School Opens
A summer Aquatic School will be
opened June 19 at St. Mary's Lake
Camp near Battle Creek.
The ten day period of intensified
training is designed to qualify young'
people as water safety instructors.
The course is open to both men and
women, and those who are interested
are asked to contact the local Red
Cross chapter for further details and
Small Move Jobs
B MAN NO. ONE . . . Big Earl
Block, right banded pitcher, is one
of the four pitchers doing yeoman
work on.the mound.
B MAN NO. THREE . . . Irving
"Pro" Boim has returned from the
war to continue his successful
pitching career for the Wolverines.
B MAN NO. TWO ... Bliss Bow-
man, southpaw hurler, is the sec-
ond of three top flight pitchers
whose last name begins with "B."
Open 11:00 a.m. to 1:00 a.m.