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May 08, 1946 - Image 1

Resource type:
Text
Publication:
The Michigan Daily, 1946-05-08

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TRUMAN SHOULD
SEIZE MINES
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FAIR AND
WNIARMER

VOL. LVI, No. 134 ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, WEDNESDAY, MAY 8, 1916

PRICE FIVE CENTS

Mayor Asks
Voluntary
City Dim-Out
Neon, Gas Signs
To Be Darkened
By MILT FREUDENHEIM
Proclaiming a stringent city-wide
brownout to be effective immediately
in a radio address late yesterday,
Mayor William E. Brown Jr. asked
for the voluntary cooperation of ev-
ery citizen and student.
The mayor told The Daily that he
believes voluntary cooperation in the
city brownout will be more effective
than any forced measure. The
brownout will ban all electric or gas
signs and advertising illumination
throughout the city 24 hours a day.
Citizens are asked to refrain
from lighting stores, homes and
factories during the daytime ex-
cept where absolutely necessary,
and then only at the minimum re-
quired for safety and health. Con-
mercial establishments are asked
to cut out all heating not neces-
sary.
Acting on the advice of the De-
troit Edison Co., Brown timed his
proclamation to coincide with one
expected in Detroit today. Ann Ar-
bor's Common Council gave first
reading gVonday to an ordinance em-
bodying all the measures in the
proclamation plus enforcement pro-
visions, but this will not go into
effect for 26 days.
"By that time, we hope the coal
strike will be over," the mayor said.
University Building and Grounds
Superintendent Walter M. Roth said
last week that if and when a local
brownout was proclained, the Uni-
versity would give its complete co-
operation.
In a telegram yesterday to Pres-
ident Truman, endorsed by the
City Common Council, Mayor
Brown demanded that the Fed-
eral Government seize the strik-
ing coal mines.
Michiganiies
May Brownout
By The Associated Press
The seriousness of the current coal
crisis was brought home to Michi-
gan residents Tuesday night as the
Ford Motor Company announced a
virtually complete shutdown of its
huge plants while the Detroit City
Council adopted an emergency
brownout measure.
The Council yesterday sent the
measure to Mayor Edward J. Jeffries
for signature and City Hall circles
said it undoubtedly would become
effective by Wednesday night.
Other Michigan communities also
fell into line with the drive to save
coal.
Cities adopted or considered volun-
tary brownout ordinances sought by
the Detroit Edison Co. and Michigan
railroads acted to put into effect a 25
per cent cut in train service asked
by the ODT.
As a result of the latter move, pas-
senger train congestion soon will
be "as bad or worse" than over-
crowding under wartime travel
conditions, railroad officials said.
MYDA Blasts
Columbia Trial
"We must Intervene in the trial of

the 31 Negroes who are to be tried
for protecting one of their race
against a lynching mob," Winifred
Norman, national vice-president of
AYD, said in an open forum meet-
ing of MYDA on the Columbia, Ten-
nessee incident last night.
"This is not important merely be-
cause the people in the case are Ne-
groes," she continued. "Our attempts
to reverse the nature of the trial
must represent protection of all mi-
nority groups."
In an open forum discussion, fol-
lowing the speech, a motion was
passed to request the Student Con-
gress to take action on the Tennessee
incident and to send telegrams to
the Attorney-General in Washington
and to the governor of Kentucky.
Candidate Cleared
On Election Charges
In a closed meeting last night the
Men's Judiciary Council completely
ntonr -ri nn a o lp n t in.1P in +-h

IDIFFERENT VIEWPOINTS:

Vinson Asks Price Boost;
Wallace Praises OPA

Coal Miners Reject Government
Bid, Adhere to Original Demands;
Strike Will Force Ford Shutdown

C

By The Associated Press
WASHINGTON, M a y 7, - Sec-
retary of the Treasury Vinson said
today that business men are clearly
entitled to price increases if their
firms aren't earning a "fair and
equitable margin."
Vinson tossed the remark into a
vigorous appeal to the Senate Bank-
ing Committee for "really effective"
price controls for another year.
'Equitable Margins'
He said he would not like to see
price increases, but said the law
provides for fair and equitable mar-
gins.
"If that means a price increase, a
price increase it should be," Vinson
continued. "When you have increased
costs, I certainly think you should
have a price increase unless you can
have a price absorption - a fair
absorption."
(In some cases OPA has required
retailers to absorb higher prices
granted to manufacturers rather
than passing them on to consumers.)
Balanced Budget
Vinson reported:
"The government is moving rapid-
ly toward a balanced budget.
"We are reducing government ex-
penditures and paying off govern-
ment debt.
"The total expenditures of the fed-
eral government in April of last year
amounted to $8,000,000,000. This
April they were $4,200,000,000, a
shrinkage of nearly 50 per cent. This
rapid decrease will continue until
we are on a peacetime basis.
"In the meantime, revenues have
held up remarkably well. The reason
for this - as the President has said
-we are well on the highroad to full
peacetime production."
Distribution Of
State Students
Is Discussed
(Special to The Daily)
YPSILANTI, May 8 - The Michi-
gan College Association passed a res-
olution today supporting Literary
College Dean Hayward Keniston's
assertion of the need for better dis-
tribution of students in the colleges
of the state.
Speaking before 100 educators rep-
resenting 26 colleges, Dean Keniston
pointed out that the University,
Michigan State College and Wayne
University are already filled to capa-
city, and stated that part of the load
must be taken by junior colleges.
denominational schools and teach-
ers' colleges.
The problem was referred to a
joint committee of high school and
college representatives, chaired by
George E. Carrothers, director of
the University Bureau of Cooperation
with Educational Institutions. The
committee, which held a preliminary
meeting in Ann Arbor a few weeks
ago, will make a survey of the prob-
lem and report at its next meeting,
scheduled for May 20.
Bruce Raymond, of the Veterans
Administration, speaking at the af-
ternoon session of the conference,
requested the association to hold
places for veterans in the larger in-
stitutions. It is mainly because of
such requests, Dr. Carrothers ex-
plained, that the survey is being
made.
Dean Keniston also proposed that
a system of uniform tests for high
school students planning to enter
Michigan colleges be prepared. The
Association passed a resolution re-
ferring this idea to Carrothers' com-
mittee for further study.

V

By The Associated Press

DETROIT, May 7 - Secretary
of Commerce Wallace said tonight
that behind the clamor fordrepeal of
emasculation of price controls is
"the voice of a pied piper of Repub-
lican normalcy beguiling us to na-
tional ruin."
In an address prepared for delivery
before a meeting of the Michigan
Citizens Committee, a non-party pol-
itical action group, Wallace added
that the voice, "dripping with honey-
ed words of freedom of initiative and
action," would produce catastrophic
inflation from business, well-fattened
on war profits.
Against OPA Repeal
Against it, he called for indepen-
dent voters' support of "the legis-
lative program that continues to em-
body the national cause of the New
Deal-that legislative program un-
swervingly advocated by Franklin
Roosevelt's successor, Harry S. Tru-
man."
"Without the independent vote,"
he said, "The Democratic Party, in
due course, undoubtedly would be-
come as reactionary as the Republi -
can Party.
"But it is also true that in the two-
party system of our time, the inde-
pendent voter has been effective on
a national basis only through the
medium of the Democratic party."
Calls for Support
Wallace, declaring "the New Deal
is still the one sure guide-post to our
national security and progress,"
called for support of the "National
Health" Bill, federal aid to educa-
tion, and "social security for all."
Such measures, he said, "would
provide security against extreme eco-
nomic chaos in which people "be-
come easy prey for those dema-
gogues of reaction who seize upon
this low morale to serve the undem-
ocratic end of wrecking our free way
of life."
"There is no place in the credo
of a progressive America for the Ku
Klux Klan, the Silver Shirts, or
other satellites of an American fas-
cism that use such high-sounding
names as the sentinels of democracy,"
Wallace said.
No Place for Communism
"There is also no place in the credo
of a progressive America for those
who would put us one against another
to achieve the end of an American
communism.
"Anyone who arises in this country
to so put us one against another-
anyone who serves these ends of na-
tional degradation-is a stable boy
for the four horsemen of our national
ruin."
The Egg Shell
Kid Recovers
John Singerling Jr., six-month
old baby flown to Ann Arbor from
Muskegon last weekend "after he
had swallowed something," was
reported in good condition last
night and may be released from
University Hospital within the
next two days.
The baby was breathing stead-
ily yesterday following a state-
ment from his parents that he
had swallowed a piece of egg shell
while being fed by his grand-
mother.
Under the care of Dr. James H.
Maxwell of the Hospital staff, the
child is being treated with peni-
cillin and sulfa.

:

Peace Efforts
Also Spurned
By Operators

EMPTY AND IDLE - These long lines of coal gondolas wait outside a steel plant in Clairton, Pa., for an
end to the 36-day-old bituminous strike. Smoke stacks of the mill belch little or no smoke during curtailed
operations.

IN FORMII:
Wise-turns in
First Shutout
Of '46 Season
Cliff Wise, effectively scattering
four safeties, yesterday pitched
Michigan's first shutout of the sea-
son as the baseball team topped
Western Michigan 5-0.
All the Bronco hits came in the
first three innings. After that the
lanky right-hander set down the op-
positiontin one-two-three order, ex-
cept: in the sixth and eighth innings
when a walk and an error put men
on base.
Wise struck out six men in winning
his second victory of the season, while
the Wolverine infield gave him bril-
liant support. The lone error occurred
in the eighth frame when first base-
man Tom Rosema dropped Walt
Kell's throw from third.
Outstanding defensive play of the
season was turned in by Western
Michigan's centerfielder, Ivan Flecer.
Flecer robbed Elmer Swanson of at
least a triple in the second inning
when he made a one handed stab
over his shoulder while running away
from the plate.
Three more times the Bronco ha
to leave his feet to turn in sensa-
tional catches as he recorded a total
of eight putouts.
Swanson connected for a triple to
deep right field with the bases loaded
and hit a single in four times at bat.
The Wolverine catcher batted in four
of the five runs.
See SWANSON, Page 3
CPAO fficia
To Consider
Local Housing
Ann Arbor's complex housing prob-
lems will receive government consid-
eration tomorrow .when John D. Mc-
Gillis, district manager of the Civil-
ian Production Administration meets
here with the Mayor's Veterans and
Citizens Housing Committee.
McGillis is the first of four gov-
ernment agency regional chiefs to
respond to the Committee's resolu-
tion inviting them to Ann Arbor to
give first-hand attention to city
housing problems. Lawrence Farrell,
Michigan director of OPA in Detroit
will also meet with the Committee.
Wilson Wyatt, in a letter to city
engineer George Sandenburgh who
heads the Committee, complimented
the city on its action in meeting hous-
ing problems, and referred the group
to C. Scott Noble, newly-appointed
Regional Housing E x p editor in
Cleveland.
[I . m n j Tr -1 _

Sororities, Coopera tives
Hold First Famine Day

The University's first famine-day
was observed yesterday by eight sor-
orities and five cooperative houses.
The houses adopted the recommen-
dation of the Famine Committee in
limiting meals to a total of 1,500
calories for the day. Pledges to.carry
out the program were submitted by
the houses with a total of 360 names.
Caloric Quota Set
Sample famine-day 1,500 calories
have been prepared by a member of
the University dietetic staff at the
request of the committee. They are
included in today's Daily Official
Bulletin. "Every house president
should see to it that his house dieti-
cian keeps these samples and makes
use of them next Tuesday," Bruce
Cooke, chairman of the committee,
said.
Meanwhile, Newberry, Residence,
Betsey Barbour Residence and Mar-
tha Cook have adopted the Famine
Committee's proposal to remove
bread from the menu at one meal
every day.
UN Sees Hope
To Avert New
Iran Dispute
NEW YORK, May 7-G'P)-The
United Nations Security Council to-
night awaited a new report from
Iranian Abassador Hussein Ala
which delegates hoped might avert
another clash on the explosive Iran-
ian case tomorrow.
The only way such a clash might
be avoided, most delegates believed,
was by the receipt of new evidence
before the council meets at 3 p.m.,
(EST) tomorrow, showing that the
withdrawyal of Russian troops from
Iran was complete or virtually
complete.
A delayed dispatch from Tehran
quoted Prince Mozaffar Firouz, Iran-
ian propaganda director, as saying
Monday night: "Reports we have re-
ceived indicate that the evacuation
of Persia has ben completed."
Ala reported Monday night that
all Soviet troops had been withdrawn
from four Iranian provinces, but that
Soviet "interference" in Azerbaijan
province made it imposible for his
government to ascertain the status
of withdrawals there.

A survey of the results of the cam-
paign to eliminate food waste has
shown "considerable success, but it
can still go further, according to
Victor Baum, of the American Vet-
erans Committee, who reported on the
survey to the Famine Cqmmittee's
steering committee yesterday.
Waste Reduced
One men's residence hall, which
serves 330 students, reported a cut in
daily breakfast waste from an average
of 26,000 calories before the conser-
There will be at meeting of all
house delegates at 4:30 p.m. to-
morrow in Lane Hall to discuss the
food conservation program set up
by the University Famine Com-
mittee. All student houses, affili-
ated and independent, have been
asked to send representatives to
the meeting.
vation drive started to 9,000 calories
this week. The average daily table
waste per person is higher than the
estimated average per person in the
country
Sororities which have officially
joined the conservation program are
Sigma Delta Tau, the Ward House
Annex of Kappa Kappa Gamma,
Delta Gamma, Alpha Phi, Alpha
Omicron Pi, Kappa Alpha Theta, Pi
Beta Phi and Alpha Delta Pi.
Cress To Direct
Local Committee
Providing a unifying spearhead
for local efforts to aid starving coun-
tries, Mayor William E. Brown, jr.,
named Earl H. Cress as chairman of
Ann Arbor Famine Emergency Com-
mittee yesterday .
The committee's function will be
to stimulate and to knit into an ef-
fective drive all local participation
in the national attempts to avert
mass famine in Europe and Asia, the
mayor said.
George H. Gabler, who was asked
by Henry Wallace to serve as chair-
man of the city's Emergency Food
Collection Committee, will also serve
on the Famine Committee.
The local organization was estab-
lished in response to telegrams and
letters from Chester C. Davis, chair-
man of President Truman's Famine
Emergency Committee.

Union Calls Owners'
Proposal Phoney, Offer
By The Associated Press
WASHINGTON, May 7-The gov-
ernment failed today in an informal
attempt to get 400,000 idle coal min-
ers back on the job and end a 37-
day strike which is progressively
crippling the nation's economy.
Both miners and operators made
plain that they did not expect any
speedy settlement.
The union's 250-man policy com-
mittee voted to stand by John L.
Lewis' original demands.
"We'll stick it out," a union
spokesman said concerning de-
mands for a special welfare fund
and a contract permitting foremen
to organize.
"Then," he said, "we'll settle
down and discuss wages."
A representative of the owners
told reporters that Paul W. Fulle,
government conciliator, had asked
these two questions:
1. Would the operators be willi~g
to pay $3,000,000 the miners claim is
due them for overtime holiday pay?
2. If this sum is paid, would the
miners be willing to stte specifically
what other demands they have?
This operators' representative said
his group is unwilling to make any
payments of any kind until it knows
exactly what John L. Lewis wants.
The union's only reply was this
one sentence statement:
"The United Mine Workers have
not received any proposal for a ba-
sis of settlement of the coal strike
from anyone."
In another statement, the min-
ers referred to the operators' pro-
posals for settlement as a "phony
offer."
They called the proposals "in-
definite and indeterminable," and
said that the policy committee was
determined to stick to its demands.
The day supplied a weird combi-
nation of hasty private meetings,
statements and denials as the strike
dug deeper into the nation's econ-
omic vitals.
The white-haired, slender Fuller
had told reporters he had made a
suggestion which would:
1. Put the workers back in the
mines.*
2. Break a, deadlock so that ne-
gotiations could be started on a new
contract.
But mine operators quickly denied
that any definite peace proposal had
come from the government, and a
labor leader declared nothing had
been said which was definite enough
to be considered a proposal.
CapitolHill again resounded with
demands for action to end the
crippling strike, while the Solid
Fuels Administration clamped new
restrictions on the use of scarce
coal. Chief of these was an order
forbidding deliveries of bituminous
coal to all domestic consumers ex-
cept those having less than five
days' supplies, based on actual
needs.
Fuel Shortage
Will Also Affect
GM, Chrysler
DETROIT, May 7-G')-The Ford
Motor Company announced late to-
day that "virtually all operations of
the Ford Company will be suspended
indefinitely beginning Wednesday
night due to the coal strike, a
shortage of parts and railroad
transportation.
Chrysler Corporation spokesmen
said "it is quite possible" that their
assembly lines and body plant opera-
tions may be suspended early next
week.
"We won't know for sure until

the end of this week, but if the gov-
erinent prohibits rail shipment of
auto parts, it's very nearly certain

THOSE WERE THE DAYS:
First Coed Night Editor Tells
Of 1918 Daily Staff's Antics

By BETTYANN LARSEN
When you're a woman it's hard
to get into the newspaper game, but
Mrs. Robert Coxon had the dis-
tinction in 1918 of being the first wo-
man night editor on The Daily staff.
Of course, there was a woman's
editor in the person of Martha
Gurnsey, now Dr. Martha Colby of
thre psychology department, Mrs.
Coxon explained, and there were
women reporters, but when it came
to night editing-making up the
paper and reading copy from 5 p.m.
to 2 a.m.-women were a non-
entity.
' + atn i r Ri. n.nn t hen

Before coming to the University,
Mrs. Coxon had attended Baldwin-
Wallace college, and during her sum-
mer vacations had worked on The
Coshocton Tribune. "I never had full
responsibility when it came to making
up a page, but I did assist with some
of the work at Coshocton.
"In fact," she continued, "I was
quaking in my boots when they told
me I was to be the new night edi-
tor. I didn't feel as if I were pre-
pared for the job, but 1 learned
soon enough by experience."
The present Daily beat system was
not in existence in 1918, she ex-

Withdrawal of British Troops
From Egypt OK'd by Commons

LONDON, May 7-(AP)-The House
of Commons tonight backed up the

the Conservatives had repeatedly
praised foreign secretary Ernest Bev-

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