See Page 8
VOL. LVI, No. 132 ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, SUNDAY, MAY 5, 1946
PRICE FIVE CENTS
Final Festival Concert To
Feature Nade 11, Baccoloni
U. S. Socially
Anti qua ted
By ANNETTE SHENKER
"Although we have made such tre-
mendous strides scientifically, so-
cially we are still back in the middle
ages," Anne Brown, soloist in theMay
Festival concert yesterday afternoon,
declared in an interview.
Commenting on the controver-
sy stirred up recently when the
Vermont chapter of Alpha Xi Delta
pledged a Negro girl, Miss Brown
said that when prejudice is allowed
to enter into anything connected
with an intellectual institution "it
is not only ridiculous but insane."
The elimination of racial barriers
such as those set up in fraternities
and sororities would go a long way
towards bringing about progress, she
remarked. "Students are the real
.material with which to work," she
said. "In the back of even intelligent
people's minds is the feeling that Ne-
groes are different. If students were
to see the Negro under intimate cir-
cumstances this feeling would be
Concerning the anti-FEPC argu-
ment that "you can't legislate emo-
tions" she pointed out that men
often have an emotional desire to
murder when they hate someone or
to steal when they see something
they want, but the law has success-
fully controlled these impulses.
There is no reason, she continued,
why we cannot condition people to
humane treatment of the Negro
in the same manner.
"We have a democracy here, but
not a real one," Miss Brown asrerted.
declaring that she would like to see a
more socialized form of democracy
in this country. "Our type of democ-
racy is not making any progress," she
"At first d thought I was too busy
to bother discussing the evils in our
social system," she continued, "but
now, as a member of a minority group
and even more, as an American, I
speak right out."
"It's no good to have dignity if you
cannot have freedom," she declared.
Asked whether barriers in musical
education for the Negro were main-
ly economic, the singer told how
she was asked to resign from the
Peabody conservatory in Balti-
more. one of the nation's finest
schools of music, when the adminis-
tration learned that she was a Ne-
gro. There Is one white school near
Asheville, N.C., that enrolls colored
students, she said, adding that these
students do not live in the dorm-
tories. "They are what we would
term in a hospital out-patients."
Miss Brown explained the difficul-
ties encountered by a very light Ne-
gro, who is not accepted as part of
either group. "However, I trink I'm
psychologically well-adjusted," she
said, "so that not belonging to a def-
inite group doesn't bother me."
She laid the blame for much of the
growth of hostile organizations on
our educational system. "If every-
body were sure of the true facts,
these groups would not be so success-
full," she explained.
To prove that people often do not
realize the extent of racial prejudice,
she cited her visit to Toronto where
she questioned some people on the
subject. "Race prejudice!" was the
answer; "Why you're in Canada!"
The next day two soldiers came to
enlist her aid in getting the YMCA
to open its doors to Negro servicemen.
Vet Job Status
Veterans who take temporary jobs
retain their rights to unemployment
allowances after they are released,
the Detroit office of the Veterans
Administration emphasized yesterday
in an attempt to clarify an apparent
misunderstanding among some vets.
VA also said that veterans are not
required to claim unemployment pay-
ments immediately after discharge
in order to protect their rights to
Prison Guards Check
Uprising at Alcatraz
Actual Fighting Ceases after 40-Hour
Struggle; Bodies of Three Convicts Found
SAN FRANCISCO, May 4-(P)-The historic siege of Alcatraz ended
today with the official announcement that the last of the conspirators
had been taken into custody.
Two guards and three convicts are known to have died in the struggle.
Fourteen guards were wounded. Three convicts are dead but the total
number of convict casualties was not made known immediately.
Federal Prison Director James V. Bennett and Warden James A. John-
To Probe Alleged
William Kanpell, Promihes Pianist,
Will Perform in All-Brahms Program
An all-Brahms program will be
presented at the afternoon concert
of May Festival at 2:30 p.m. today,
and the Choral Union with soloists
Rosalind Nadell and Salvatore Bac-
coloni will be featured at the con-
cluding concert at 8:30 p.m.
William Kapell, prominent young
pianist, will play the Concerto No. 1
in D minor in the Brahms program.
Kapell, who is appearing in Ann
Arbor for the first time, was born in
New York City 23 years ago. He won
the Town Hall Endowment Series
award in 1942, the youngest musician
ever to be presented the prize.
The Philadelphia Orchestra, di-
rected by Alexander Hilsberg, will
repeat last season's performance of
the Academic Festival overture and
will play the Fourth Symphony in
the latter half of the concert.
Highlight of the evening concert
will be the Choral Union presenta-
tion of the cantata "Alexander Nev-
sky" by the contemporary Russian
composer, Sergei Prokofleff. Rosalind
Nadell, noted because of her ability
to sing both mezzo-soprano and con-
tralto parts, will appear as soloist
with the group.
Salvatore Baccoloni, bass, will sing
two compositions by Cimarosa, as
well as selections by Mozart and Per-
golesi. A Metropolitan Opera solo-
ist, Baccoloni is known as a basso
buffo, a bass singer who specializes
in the great comic opera songs and
The Philadelphia Orchestra will
be conducted by EugenehOrmandy
in the final concert of the Festival
Saari's Petit ion.
Wayne Saari, literary college sen-
ior, was notified by the Secretary of
State yesterday that his nominating
petitions for Congressional Represen-
tative from this district have been
"found sufficient" by the Michigan
Board of Canvassers.
Saari opposes William R. Kelly for
the Democratic nomination.
Ralph G. Seward, of Adrian, 'with-
drew from the race for the Democrat-
ic nomination two days prior to the
deadline for petitions. Seward, a
disabled World War II veteran, said
he was withdrawing in favor of Saari.
Questioned why he does not seek
election to a local government office
before running for Congress, Saari
said that "a Democrat can't win an
election to a local office in this dis-
Saari is chairman of the First
Ward Democratic Party in Ann Ar-
Seniors living in residence halls
who desire room accommodations
for their parents during com-
mencement may apply to their
house directors, Francis Shiel, di-
rector of residence halls, announ-
Those who do not live in Uni-
versity residences may apply at
his office, Rm. 201 South Wing.
Ca r ilon Prelue .
Sidney Giles will play carillon pro-
grams before each of the final May
Festival concerts today, at 1:55 and
The afternoon program will con-
sist of "Impromptu" by Timmerman,
"Beautiful Isle of Somewhere" by
Fearis, classical compositions and
"Mazurka" by Lesvers and "Minuet
and Trio" by Nees, written especially
for the carillon.
Songs, classical selections and cari-
llon music will make up the concert
before the evening program. "Largo,"
from the New World Symphony, by
Dvorak and "Song and Fugue" by
Nees will be included.
1111i iU Of M.
Split Twin Bill;
Wins End at 27
Block Wins His Fourtli;
Loss Charged to Boin
By BERNIE MEISLIN
Special to The Daily
CHAMPAIGN Ill., May 4-Mich-
igan's 27-game winning streak, ex-
tending from the second game of
the 1945 season, came to an end
today in the second game of the
doubleheader which saw the Illini
come fighting from behind to win
4-3 in ten innings after the Wol-
verines had taken an 8-6 victory
in the opener.
A long double off i eliefer Irv (Pro)
Boim by left fielder Les Miller en-
abled Lee Eilbracht to score all the
way from first with thestie-breaking
run in the tenth. It was Michigan's
first loss to Illinois since 1941.
In the first game it was a seven-
run sixth inning whicr accounted
for the Wolverine win. Until the
sixth it was Illinois' ball game all
the way with a two-run first in-
ning by the Illini providing the
margin between the teams.
Roy Wiedow led off with a single
to left. Jerry Kaires' sacrifice bunt
was thrown wide of second by pitcher
Earl Block allowing both runners
to reach base safely. Jim Devero sac-
rificed them along and after Bob
Wakefield hit into a force play at the
plate, Eilbracht blasted a double to
left scoring two runners.
Mary Rotblatt, left handed curve-
baller, gave up but two scattered
safeties to Ray Fisher's men until
the 'fateful sixth, a second inning
single by Rosema and Bob Nuss-
baumer's fourth frame two-bagger.
Then the Illini defense fell apart
in the sixth. Bell was safe on the
shortstop's low throw across the
diamond. Nussbaumer's hit to third
went as a base knock when it took
a bad hop before Jerry Kaires could
field it cleanly. Robinson's bunt
handcuffed Rotblatt and the bases
Weisenberger then bounced one to
the left of first that went for a hit
when Rotblatt was late in fielding it,
Kell scoring. Rotblatt picked up the
ball and threw wide of the bag al-
lowing Nussbaumer to cross the plate.
Rosema's double along the right
See WOLVERINES, page 7
ston announced that the last of the m
conspirators were taken into custody
when the three ringleaders - Joseph
Palil Cretzer, Bernard Coy and Mar-
vin Hubbard - were found dead and
their weapons recovered.
The announcement came from the
two officials in the form of answers
to questions which had been asked
him by press services.
"At the end of the battle this morn-
ing," the statement read, "there was
The statement said Cretzer, Coy
and Hubbard "probably died as a re-
sult of gun shots in the tunnel or
utilities corridor in a cell block. Hub-
bard, according to the doctor's re-
port, probably died this morning
around 8 a.m. The other died earli-
er. Probably Coy died last evening
and Cretzer somewhat later."
The officials said the total number
of conspirators who had taken part
in the riot had not yet been finally
established, but added that in addi-
tion to previously named men con-
victs named Thompson and Shook-
ley were ringleaders. The statement
added that there were "two or three
others whose names we cannot yet
The statement did not clarify
whether the cell-by-cell search of the
cell block which the conspirators had -
held against deadly gunfire for threer
days had been completed.
Neither did it answer the question
of what the total prisoner casualties
inside the cell block were.
Assistant U. S. Attorney Daniel
C. Deasy and seven FBI investigators
landed on the island this afternoon
Special Ceeting of Council Will Be Held
'[o unvestigate Stuffing of Ballot Box
A special meeting of the Men's Judiciary Council will be held Monday
afternoon to investigate charges of fraudulent voting in the recent Student
Congress election, Fred Matthaei, election supervisor for the Council, an-
The election irreguarities charged in a Letter to the Editor Friday by
John M. Cox, Robert C. Steele, and Ward Arbanus will be examined by
This development follows the unsuccessful attempt at stuffing the bal-
lot box for another candidate during-
the election. The case was reported
to the Judiciary Council last Wednes-
day. When the boxes were opened
that night the fraudulent ballots
were discovered and thrown out by
Outlining the policies of the Coun-
cil, Matthaei said, "We will be glad
to act on specific charges of illegal
voting, presented to us in person or
in writing. However, we can take
no action without specific proof."
The student members of the Ju-
diciary Council are as follows: Fred
Matthaei, president of the Inter-Fra-
ternity Council; Dick Roeder, presi-
dent of the Union; Bob Goldman,
City Editor of The Daily; and George
Spaulding, president of the Engin-
eering Council. President Harry
Jackson and Secretary Charles Hel-
mick, although members, are ineli-
gible for the investigation meeting
because they were candidates in the
LEADS MARINES AT ALCATRAZ
--Marine Warrant Officer Charles
L. Buckner (above), of Memphis,
Tenn., is in charge of the first
Marine unit sent to Alcatraz Island
to help quell riot of convicts in
There's No Rest for
Gargoyle To, Appear Thursday'
to begin an investigation.
Souvenir collectors who have been
taking red lanterns from University
construction projects have also taken
on a responsibility, although they
may not realize it.
Besides incurring the wrath of
Plant Superintendant Walter M.
Roth, persons who steal the lanterns
are liable for damages in case of in-
jury because they remove devices de-
signed to prevent injury.
Legal authorities say that if some-
one should be killed because a proper
warning was not in place, the thief
could be charged with manslaughter
as well as for. thievery.
According to Roth, lanterns are
disappearing almost every night. Six
were taken from the site of the new
Food Service Building Thursday
night. University night watchmen
have so far been unsuccessful in
catching the culprits.
Studen ts Protest
Professors Resign in
Six Argentine Schools
BUENOS AIRES, May 4-(A)-
Hundreds of students throughout the
country abandoned classes today and
a number of prominent professors re-
signed in protest against government
appointees taking over the admin-
istrative"organizations of six uni-
versities which receive government
The government's action was un-
der terms of a decree issued Thurs-
The newspapers La Prensi, La Na-
cion, and El Mundo assailed the gov-
ernment's action as an unwarranted
destruction of the traditional auto-
nomy of the universities.
The newspaper Tribuna, which sup-
ports President-elect Juan D. Peron,
called the intervention a "triumph"
for the majority of the people.
Local Woman Dies
In Car Accident
Mrs. Irene Lille, 52, 1716 Ellsworth
Rd., drowned yesterday when the car
driven by her husband. Wilbur Lille.
What with Insight, the Technic
and the Pan-American Ball having
been disposed of for the time being,
enlightened campus interest has turn-
ed to the forthcoming appearance
of the Gargoyle Thursday.
The Gargoyle is a humor magazine,
some of its snappier jokes being
culled from My Weekly Reader and
The Third-Grader's Playmate, two
Its publication this week marks a
millstone (correction, milestone) in
the lives of the senior board, who
never thught they'd see the day. Si-
lent subterfuge by an irritated Per-
spectives staff indicates that they
still may not see the day.
Rivalled only by It So Happens in
its use of unprovoking mental billet-
doux, the Gargoyle has become a
A series of lectures to acquaint
literary college students with train-
ing and opportunities in four pro-
fessional fields will begin this week,
Associate Dean Erich A. Walter an-
Dean Albert C. Furstenberg of the
Medical School, will open the series
Wednesday, followed by Dean Russell
W. Bunting, of the School of Dentis-
try, on Thursday.
Dean Russell A. Stevenson, of the
School of Business Administration,
will lecture May 14, and Dean E.
Blythe Stason, of the Law School,
All lectures will begin at 4:30 p.m.
in Rm. 1025 Angell Hall.
leading exponent of the "Don't Get
It Right, Just Get It Written" theory
of college journalism, founded in 1937
by James Thurber. Thurber is not a
"We need no odious publicity to
sell our mag," the general manager
has said. "We can stand on our own
merits." The New Yorker has prom-
ised to run this quote in its Words of
One Syllable Department.
On 'U' Buildiitg
A decision on the University's ap-
plication for priorities on three edu-
cational buildings is expected "with-
in a few days," Vice-President Rob-
ert P. Briggs saidyesterday following
his return from Washington.
"We held conferences with Civil-
ian Production Administration of-
ficials and we anticipate favorable
action," Briggs said.
The University has requested pri-
orities for the General Service Build-
ing, the Chemistry Building and the
new School of Business Administra-
The OPA has already approved
construction of the East Engineering
In regard to the University's ac-
quisition of Willow Run Airport,
Briggs said: "Conferences were held
with government officials but no de-
cision hasgbeenreached. Negotia-
tions are progressing and will con-
Arabs Want Russian
Support on Palestine
Reports of these news develop-
ments came off the Associated Press
wires last night:
In Paris, Secretary of State James
Byrnes proposed that a plebiscite
be held to determine the future
status of those areas protected by
American and Russian troops in the
Italian - Yugoslav border dispute.
British and Russian officials op-
posed the tentative plan, claiming
that any plebiscite should cover
the entire area claimed by the two
It was reported in London that
several Arab groups would petition
the Russians to champion their cause
in Palestine before the United Na-
tions. They would ask also that Rus-
sia support their claims against the
recent British-American report.
Voters in France and Colombia
will go to the polls tomorrow, the
former to decide on a new consti-
tution for the Fourth Republic,
and the latter to select a new pres-
ident. From Toyko, Gen. Douglas
MacArthur reported that he saw
"encouraging signs" of success for
the Allied campaign to establish
democracy in Japan,
More news concerning Russia in-
dicated that Red Army forces had
virtually all been removed from Iran,
the deadline for which was set for
tomorrow. A note from Helsinki re-
ports that Earl Browder has left
Finland en route for Russia.
In the United States, Texarkana
Texans are worried about a phantom
killer, believed to be responsible for
five murders within six weeks, who
still eludes the biggest manhunt in
recent Texas history.
Leaders of the Methodist Church
have called upon its 40,000 minis-
ters and any others who will join
them to make Sunday, June 2, a
day of prayer for the curtailment
of the alcoholic beverage traffic.
Sunday, they claim, should not be
part of a lost weekend.
In Washington, a cloture petition
on the much debated British Loan
Bill has been filed. If it secures the
necessary two-thirds majority, de-
bate on the bill, limited to one hour
per speaker, must cease at 1 p.m.
Let George DO
It - on His Money
RICHMOND, Va., May 4-(P)-The
George Washington boyhood home
restoration, considering means to
launch its drive for funds to fix up
the Ferry farm place in Stafford
County as a national shrine, came
up with this idea today:
Let George do it.
Of course it would be an indirect
gift from Mr. Washington but the
first funds sought are those that the
first president earned in office but
It's a matter of $3,908 that the
TreasurycDepartment is carrying a
bit self-consciously on its books with
no apparent legal way to pay.
Will Be Given
Three one-act plays will be present-
ed by students in Play Production
at 8 p.m. tomorrow in the Lydia
The program will open with the
Bidu Sayao Emphasizes Need
Of Constant Study for Success
MRS. WEAVER TO SPEAK:
Care Given to U.S. Children
Impresses Lepros Authority
Constant study throughout one's
career was emphasized as essential
to success by Bidu Sayao, soloist in
the May Festival concert last night.
"The voice must be kept in good
shape just like any other musical
instrument," Miss Sayao comment-
ed. Between tours she strives to
improve her style and interpreta-
tion with her teacher, a retired
Italian Metropolitan tenor, whom
she calls "my great control".
"I most certainly have had extra-
ordinary luck," Miss Sayao comment-
ed in describing her career from
the time when she overcame family
opposition at the age of fourteen to
begin singing lessons.
Miss Sayao, the only South
American star in the Metropolitan
(l- r" i c a oon_-" ni - cc :_ i
gin a career in America," she contin-
ued, "I had great luck in being able
to sing under Toscannini in Carnegie
Hall, after which I was engaged to
sing at the Met."
Speaking with a slight trace of
an accent, Miss Sa.yao said that
she had never studied English but
had learned it "by ear". "I hope
someday to really make a thorough
study of your language, because I
love your country so much," she
said. Meanwhile she strives to
improve her English by reading
books and magazines.
Refuting the notion that Latin
Americans are especially prone to
excitability, Miss Sayao said, "I am'
never nervous or excited before a con-
cert, except when I am not feeling'
By BETTYANN LARSEN
"The thing which has impressed
me myost in the field of social work
here is the excellent care your coun-
try is giving to its children, both
physically and mentally," Mrs. Eun-
ice Weaver, international authority
on leprosy, declared in an interview
Mrs. Weaver, who is president of
The Federation of Societies for As-
sistance to Lepers in Rio deJaneiro,
Brazil, will speak on "Social Work
in Leprosy" at 8 p.m. tomorrow in
She has recently completed visits
to New York City where she observed
and to provide a means of support
for cured lepers.
Pointing out the progress, which
has been made as a result of the ef-
forts of the Federation, she said that
there are now 29 colonies spread
throughout the country, and there
are also 29 prevention homes for
the children of leprous parents in
contrast to four colonies and two
preventoria existing in 1930.
"The Federation has built chur-
ches, libraries, schools, social- cen-
ters, workshops and gymnasiums,"
Mrs. Weaver pointed out, "and
radios, sewing machines, books and
vietrla-a ava acn a l ao