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May 03, 1946 - Image 1

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The Michigan Daily, 1946-05-03

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MISSOURI VALLEY

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AUTHORITY
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Sirtuyran

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CONTINUED
FAIR

VOL. LVI, 130 ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, FRIDAY. MAY 3, 1946

PRICE FIVE CENTS

Students Plan
Campus Food
Conservation
Delegates 1ropose
Relief-Fund Drive
More than 50 representatives of
campus residences unanimously rec-
ommended a three-point program for
food conservation and a campus
fund-raising campaign to send food
abroad at a meeting sponsored by the
Student Religious Association yester-
day.
The conservation rec4'iimmendations
were:
1) That an intensive educational
program to eliminate waste of food
be undertaken.
2) That all student residences
which serve meals adopt a campus-
wide famine-day diet once a week.
Menus on those days would limit
meals to minimal caloric content,
comparable to European diets.
3) That each residence eliminate
serving bread at one meal each day
for the duration of the term.
Intensive Drive Planned
The fund-raising campaign would
include an intensive drive on cam-
pus as soon as arrangements can be
made and weekly collections in all
University houses by house repre-
sentatives.
The recommendations were made
following reports by Victor Baum,
of the campus chapter of the Ameri-
can Veterans Committee, on the
world food crisis, and by Bruce Cook
of the Interguild Study Group, whose
conservation program he presented.
Baum pointed out that in compari-
son to the more than 3,000 calory diet
of most University students, 2,000
calories daily are considered neces-
sary by health experts, while diets
abroad range from 900 to 1,000 calor-
ies daily in some countries. He said
that members of the School of Public
Health are preparing, at AVC's re-
quest, sample minimal diets which
will be distributed to all campus resi-
dence dieticians.
Lots of Waste
Baum further pointed out that as a
sample of waste current on campus,
waste weighed at the West Quad after
one breakfast last week amounted to
23,000 calories-enough to feed 33
persons on present European diets.
Madeleine Calingaert, who recently
arrived in this country from France,
appealed for an all-over program
which the University should under-
take as an example to other schools
Miss Calingaert also suggested that
the campus efforts be coordinated
with other programs throughout the
nation.
Meeting Today
A steering committee for the entire
program will meet at 3:15 this after-
noon at Lane Hall to plan details of
the recommended projects. Michigan
Christian Fellowship, which present-
ed plans for the fund campaign, will
conduct that drive with the aid of
other interested persons. They have
already applied to the Committee on
Student Affairs for permission to
make fund collections on campus.
Committee Members
Steering committee members in-
clude Victor Baum, Madeleine Calin-
gaert, Bruce Cook, Mary Elizabeth
Friedkin, Ellen Hill, Mal Roemer and
Funny Thompson.
A general meeting to get the pro-
gram under way will be held at 4:30
p.m. Thursday at Lane Hall. The
steering committee has urged that
the "excellent showing of interest"
at yesterday's meeting be continued,
and that "every house on campus
should have a representative at next
week's meeting."

'It's Up to the
People' -Truman
WASHINGTON, May 2- (R) -
President Truman said today that.
the heart of the American people will
have to solve the world food crisis.
The President reiterated to his
news conference that rationing in
this country would not meet the pre-
harvest emergency because there was
not time to get it into effect.
Mr. Truman said he would not
hesitate to return to rationing if a
disastrous crop failure made it neces-
sary. Good crops this summer would
remove the necessity, he said. Con-
tinued optimism for a bumper crop
of wheat, the most critical item, was
expressed yesterday by Secretary of
Agriculture Anderson.
Told that some persons had urged
"drastic new measures" to fulfill this
country's promises to the world's hun-
gry countries, Mr. Truman said he
had applied all such measures he
could think of. Now it is un to the

Final Congress Election
Results Are Reported
18 Successful Candidates Named to Seats
in Past-War Campus Student G'vernmenI
<.,

UN Asked To
Reconsider
Iranian Case
Val st Question1

ODT Orders Embargo on
Railroad Freight Traffic;
Plan Local Brownout'

The complete list of newly-elected
members of the Student Congress,
new campus governing body, was
announced late last night by the
Men's Judiciary Council.
Final tabulation was not completed
until 11 p.m. yesterday by the special
election committee of the Judiciary
Council, under the supervision of Dr.
Clark F. Norton of the political sci-
ence department.
The first representatives to the
Congress are as follows, in the or-
der of their election: Bob Taylor,
Terry Whitsitt, Judy Chaes, Ray
Davis, Richard Courtright,IHarry
Jackson, Mary Lloyd Benson, Hen-
ry K. Kassis, Wilton "Wink" Jaf-
fee, Steve Scourles, Virginia Coun-
cell, Charles Helmick, Lynne Ford,
Haskell - "Hack" Coplin, Seymour
Chase, Ruth McMorris, Louis L.
Orlin and Flo Kingsbury.
Aroused by spirited pre-election
campaigning, students cast 4,280 bal-
lots for the 63 candidates in the Uni-
versity's first post-war, campus-wide
election.
Due to the large number of can-
NRIOTC Fall
quota Includes
Present Group
Program Is Allowed
To Accept Civilians
The University's new quota of 270
NROTC students for the fall term
will include 125 men already enrolled
in the Unit here, Capt. Woodson H.
Michaux, commanding officer, re-
vealed yesterday.
Sixty-four NROTC students from
other universities have requested
transfer, and they will also be in-
cluded in the quota providing they
are accepted by the University, Capt.
Michaux explained.
An estimated 100 freshmen and
transfers are also expected to enter
this peacetime program thus filling
the quota. In addition an excess of
the current quota will be permitted,
to accommodate aiy other civilian
student, whose advanced military or
Naval training will make him eligi-
ble. Applications from such students
will be accepted during June and will
be evaluated by Capt. Michaux.
If i current proposal is passed by
Congress, members of peacetime
NROTC units in 52 colleges and uni-
versities throughout the country will
receive governmental appropriations
for tuition, board, school expenses
and a salary of $50 per month.
Civilian students, not in the
NROTC, may also enroll in Naval
science subjects for credit, Capt. Mi-
chaux stated. Registration in these
classes is subject to the same restric-
tions concerning size of sections that
apply to other classes in the Uni-
versity.
U' Carilionneur
Plays for Dutch
University Carillonneur Percival
Price will participate in a three-day
celebration starting today at Utrecht,
Holland, commemorating Holland's
liberation from the Germans last
May.
The burgomaster of Utrecht, in a
letter to Prof. Earl V. Moore, direc-
tor of the School of Music, said that
he has asked Prof. Price to play the
15th century bells in the city's Dom-
tower (cathedral), which is to be the
center of the celebration. He will also
play the bells at nearby Hertogen-
bosch and lecture before the Nether-
lands Bell and Organ Institute.
Prof. Price has been in Europe
since November studying and retriev-

ing about 5,000 carillon bells stolen
from occupied countries by the Nazis.
Today Is Deadline
For Announcements
Today is the last day on which
seniors and graduate students may
order commencement announce-
ments.
Orders may be placed from 10 a.m.
to noon and from 1 to 3 p.m. today in
University Hall. All seniors are to
pay class dues of one dollar at the
same time, according to Pat Barrett,

didates and the complexities of the lie onsidered
proportional representation system of
voting, many redistributions of the NEW YORK, May 2--P)-Trygve
ballotis were necessary before all 18Lie, secretary-general of the United
lof the candidates were elected. Nations, had been asked to call the
ofbtheycandidatesewereyelected. tesecurfty council back into session
Bob Taylor was the only candidate next Tuesday, May 7, to take up the
elected on the first distribution of controversial Iranian case, a source
the ballots. The last five of the mem- s ;~ suc

ItF'!d

bers listed were elected by declara-
tion after all the other candidates
had been eliminated oh subsequent
r'edistributions.
Tjnhe first meeting of the Stdent
Congress will be held next' Thurs-
day, May 9 in the Union. Harry
Jackson, president of Men's Ju-
diciary Council, as interim chair-
man will preside. The first act of
the Congress will be to elect a tem-
porary chairman to conduct the
meeting while the Congress deter-
mines the exact method of elect-
ing a cabinet.
The constitution of the Congress
states that the cabinet will consist
of the following seven members:
president, vice-president, recording
secretary, corresponding secretary,
treasurer, and two members-at-large.
All cabinet positions will be filled by
members of the Congress.
The election was marred by one in-
stance of ballot box stuffing, accord-
ing to Fred Matthaei, election direc-
tor for the Judiciary Council, which
acts as the campus election commis-
sion. When the ballot boxes were
opened the fraudulent ballots were
discovered and declared invalid. Al-
though other irregularities were re-
ported there was no definite proof of
any other illegal voting, he said.
The election provided support for
students running on the "12 point
program" which called in its first
plank for the enactment of a rule
empowering the new Congress to
delegate representatives to all joint
student-faculty bodies.
Milstei Will
Present Violin
Concerto Today
Featured soloist in the second day
of May Festival, Nathan Milstein,
violinist, will play "Concerto for Vio-
lin in D Major" in today's concert
at 8:30 p.m. in Hill Auditorium.
Mozart's "Requiem Mass" will be
sung by the University Choral Union.
directed by Hardin Van Deursen, and
four great soloists; Ruth Diehl, so-
prano, Jean Watson, contralto, WVil -
liam Hain, tenor, and Nicalo Mos-
cona, bass.
Second Appearance
Moscona, who is making his second
appearance in Ann Arbor, made his
debut in Athens, Greece. He was~ en-
gaged by the Metropolitan in 1937
and has toured the principal cities
of the country in recital. Miss Wat-
son is a Canadian singer who was
first introduced to the United States
at the Bethlehem Bach Festival.
Since then she has appeared with the
New York and Boston Symphony or-
chestra and with the New York ora-
torio society.
Lyric Tenor
William Ham, lyric tenor, has been
heard in every field of musical per-
formance; grand and light opera,
concert and radio. Born in Brooklyn,'
he appeared as soloist with the New
York Philharmonic Symphony for
eight seasons. Ruth Diehl gained
fame as the winner of the National
Music League award in 1939 out of
more than a hundred young contes-
tants.
The Philadelphia Orchestra will be
directed by its assistant conductor,
Alexander Hilsberg, in today's per-
formance.

h ttnin one o the delgations said
today.
The Council's resolution of April 4
provided that on May 6 it could ask
new reports from Russia and Iran as
to whether Russia had carried out
her' promise to withdraw all her
troops from Iran.
A spokesman for one of the dele-
gates, however, in disclosing that a
session had been requested for May
7, said the deadline for Russian
withdrawal from Iran did not expire
until midnight May 6 and, for that
reason, the delegates did not want
a meeting before Tuesday.
Palestine Question
The spokesman for a member of
the United Nations Security Council
said today there was "a very good
possibility that the Palestine ques-
tion would be brought before the
council.
The spokesman, who declined to be
identified, said it still was too early
to be sure, but that there "might
be something definite within the
next 48 hours."
In Recess
The council has been in recess since
last Thursday.
Most of the delegates said they had
no definite information on the pre-
sent status of Sovit withdrawals,
but the advocates of the Tuesday ses-
sion said they wished to avoid any
accusation that they were acting be-
fore the deadline.
There was considerable speculation
about whether Soviet delegate Andrei
A. Gromyko would attend the session.
He has not indicated his plans since
the recent debate in which he an-
nounced he would not take part in
further discussions of the Iranian
case.
The five man subcommittee in-
vestigating Franco Spain will hold
another closed sessfon Monday after-
noon. The subcommittee held its first
meeting yesterday to work out pro-
cedure and start examining the mass
of 461 documents turned over to it.
(See ARAB, page 2)
VO Delegates
To Attend State
Vets Conventiont
Three members of the campus
Veterans Organization will go to
Kalamazoo tomorrow as delegates
to a state-wide convention of Michi-
gan college veterans to form the
State of Michigan Student Veterans
Association.
In addition to an election of offi-
cers, one of the first matters on the
agenda of the convention, jointly
sponsored by Kalamazoo College and
Western Michigan College, is to prove
the need for a state subsistence
allowance comparable to that now
paid by the federal government. Re-
sults of surveys taken at Michigan
colleges will be tabulated at the
meeting.
The survey conducted by the VO
shows that individual expenses of a
majority of the veterans total $110
per month, although their govern-
ment allotment is only $65. Married
students were not polled in the
survey.
Eventually the association will seek
representation on the board of trus-
tees now administering the 50 million
dollar Michigan Veterans' Trust
Fund, an emergency fund recently
set up by the State for needy vets
and their families.

Electric Power
To Be Affeeted
By Coal Strike
Company Requests
Advance Ordinances
If the national coal strike makes
necessary a "brownout" of south-
eastern Michigan cities, there is "no
question but that the University
would participate," Walter M. Roth,
assistant superintendent of the
Buildings and Grounds Department
said yesterday.
Although the University produces
its own power during the winter,
and would undoubtedly have
enough coal to tide it over, Roth
Said that during the summer, the
University is supplied by Detroit
Edison Co., and would cooperate if
a "brownout" became necessary.
"The city will do everything possi-
ble to cooperate," Mayor William E.
Brown Jr. said yesterday. The mayor
said he was not certain whether a
council ordinance would be required,
but, that he will certainly ask for
full voluntary cooperation from citi-
zens.
Ann Arbor has three hydroelec-
tric dams within a space of four
miles on the Huron River, at Bar-
ton Hills, in the city, and at Ged-
des. Robert R. Brown, district
managed of Detroit Edison Co.,
could not be reached for comment,
but an informed source expressed
doubt that the city could be served
solely by its hydroelectric power,
even if the company were willing to
favor it at the expense of other
communities.
DETROIT, May 2--,P)-A spokes-
man for the Detroit Edison Co. indi-
cated today that plans are being ar-
ranged for a "brownout" of south-
eastern Michigan cities if the na-
tional coal strike continues.
The company serves approximately
45 communities in the southeastern
section of the state.
A company official said some of the
communities may be asked to pass
"brownout" ordinances in advance of
an actual curtailment in operations
as a precautionary measure.
Consumers Power Co., serving
numerous other Michigan cities, said
it has a "reasonable" supply of coal
on hand and contemplates no "imme-
diate" curtailment of electrical power.
Edward C. Crowley, Detroit area
distribution manager for the Solid
Fuels Administration, said no indus-
tries are as yet seriously affected by
the coal shortage but that, if the
strike continues two more weeks, all
"will be skating on thin ice."
Chicago Blots
Out Nigvht Life
CHICAGO, May 2-(IP)-Chicago,
proclaimed in a state of emergency,
made preparations tonight to blot
out its booming night life business
and cut much of its daytime commer-
cial and industrial activity from 40 to
50 per cent.
On the heels of an edict from the
Illinois Commerce Commission ra-
tioning electricity to commercial and
industrial users, Mayor Edward J.
Kelly proclaimed the state of emer-
gency and called for wholehearted
compliance in the drastic move to
conserve dwindling coal supplies.

Convicts in Gun,
Battle at Alcatraz
SAN FRANCISCO, May2-0p)-
Desperate convicts, in the most
reckless bid for freedom in the his-
tory of Alcatraz Island Prison,
fought a vicious gun battle tonight
while they held most of the "rock's
guards hostages.
As night fell, more than three
hours after Warden James A.
Johnston sent out a riot call, a de-
tachment of 20 marines landed,
armed with automatic rifles to take
part in the battle to subdue the des-
perate men.
One guard already had been
killed and four injured in the rag-
ing battle, and the situation was
out of control.
Late tonight Warden J. A. John-
ston announced:
"Our situation is difficult and
precarious. The armed prisoners
on the island are still eluding us
so that at the moment we cannot
control them."
Byrnes Calls
For Revision of
Italian iTreat y
Schedule of Changes
Presented to Ministers
PARIS, May 2-(P)-U. S. Secre-
tary of State James F. Byrnes called
upon the foreign ministers conference
today for prompt revision of Italian
peace treaty terms and proposed a
schedule of revisions for all armis-
tices until agreements can be reached
on European treaties, American
sources said.
Byrnes presented the proposals at
the first informal session of the con-
ference, held after the ministers
broke off their formal sessions in-
definitely this morning.
Discussion Halted
But further consideration of the
Italian armistice terms was halted by
British objections on grounds which
could not be learned immediately,
conference informants reported.
Byrnes, however, took the oppor-
tunity to assert an American view
that since peace treaties, even if
drafted immediately, could not quick-
ly become effective, revisednarmistice
terms could be a short cut to stability
in Europe.
The American, British, Russian
and French foreign ministers had de-
cided after the morning session to
suspend formal meetings indefinitely
and to meet informally with small
groups of advisers in an attempt to
break the log-jam of disagreements,
American sources said.
No Hint of Breakdown
There was no hint of any break-
down in the negotiations, these
sources said, adding that the in-
formal meetings were adopted on the
suggestion of French foreign minister
Georges Bidault when all four con-
ferees expressed dissatisfaction with
the progress being made in writing
Europe's peace treaties. The big three
conference in Moscow last December
adopted a similar course to speed its
work.
There will be one exception to in-
definite suspension of formal ses-
sions, that one tomorrow, the sources
said, when the ministers will hear the
arguments of Italian and possibly
Yugoslav representatives on the
problems of Trieste and the Italo-
Yugoslav frontier.

Coal Shortage
Necessitates
Big Reduction
Passenger Service To
Be Cut 25 Per Cent
By The Associated Press
WASHINGTON, May 2-The Of-
fice of Defense Transportation today
ordered a general embargo on rail-
road freight shipments with certain
exceptions, and a 25 per cent reduc-
tion in passenger service by coal
burning locomotives, effective May
10.
The action was taken as a result
of the coal strike.
ODT Director J. Monroe Johnson
told a news conference "much more
severe orders will be necessary if the
strike is not settled."
The Association of American Rail-
roads estimated that 75 per cent of
total passenger mileage is operated
by coal-burning. locomotives.
The general freight embargo will
apply against the acceptance of for-
warding of carload and less than
carload traffic with these exceptions:
1. Livestock, live poultry and
perishable freight.
.2. Coal, coke, charcoal, petrol-
eum and its products,
3. Food for human consumption,
including wheat, corn, oats, rye,
barley, rice, cereal products, salt,
canned goods, sugar and lard sub-
stitute. Animals and poultry not
including hay and straw.
4. Printing paper and printing
ink.
5. Medicines, drugs, surgical in-
struments, surgical dressings, hos-
pital and sickroom supplies.
.6. Traffic originating at and des-
tined to local points on one rail-
road or zone of such railroad which
may supply freight service with
other than coal burning locomo-
tives.
7. Shipments moving on permits
issued by W. C. Kendall, chairman
of the car service division of the
Association of American Railroads.
TABOO:
Illinois Campus
Recommends
Ban on Tetting'
CHAMPAIGN, Ill., May 2-(P)-A
recommendation of a student-faculty
meeting that "petting" be outlawed
on the University of Illinois campus
brought mixed reaction from the stu-
dents today.
Most students willing to com-
ment expressed surprise at the "se-
verity" of the proposal that campus
patrolmen break up "petting ex-
hibitions" and said they had "seen
very little of such public displays."
"I haven't seen anything but hand-
holding and I don't think that calls
for such drastic measures," said Jack
Putnam of Chicago, upper-classman
and returned war veteran.
However, one girl who declined to
be quoted by name said "such things
do go on now and then but the order
shouldn't be so severe, right at the
start. They should put up posters in
the buildings announcing that pet-
ting has been prohibited."
Martha Swain, a junior from Ur-
bana, was in favor of the proposal "if
other methods don't work."
"I have seen very little lovemaking
in public," she said, "but some does
go on and it gives a bad impression to
visitors on the campus. If it isn't pos-
sible to stop it in any other way, I'm
in favor of giving the job to the cam-
pus patrolmen."
The proposal for action against

petting was adopted with but one
dissenting vote at a joint meeting
last night of the student senate
and faculty's committee on student
affairs.
Dean of Men E. E. Stafford, who
said he was "shocked" by couples "all
tangled up" in public said he would
refer the recommendation to Dean
of Students Fred H. Turner, who is
out of the city at present.

DIGNITY REMAINS UNTARNISHED:
Speech Professor Turns Actor for Classmate

By ANITA FRANZ
and RAY SHINN
Would enhancing his income by
performing as a Broadway actor tar-
nish the dignity of a college profes-
sor?
Not in the opinion of Prof. Sherod
Collins, head of the speech depart-
ment at Northeastern Missouri State
Teachers College, who is currently
touring the country as Paw Allen in
'L~~r-A ?ilar -nn Cm - r 7f - n

hit Broadway," Richardson told
him, "I want you in the same role."
Back in Kirksville, Mo., Prof. Col-
lins discovered in a Life magazine
spread two years later that the play
was in rehearsal. Immediately he
sent a letter of congratulations to his
friend. In reply, a telegram from
Richardson said, "Come at once. We
want you as Paw Allen."
He reluctantly declined the offer,
but a second telegram. again urging

town," he told an agitated ingenue.
He admitted yesterday that his palms
were as moist as anyone's.
"A good actor," Prof. Collins said,
"must learn how to play an audi-
ence. When laughs are expected on
a certain line, the whole company
must be synchronized in order to
get the proper response. Precise
timing is essential. A good actor
will forego a small chuckle on his
own line ta get a biz laujRh for the

real stuff, will try to affect an aura of
talent, in the belief that by feigning
individuality he will attract attention
to himself as an artist. The genuine
artist needs no such affectation. He
is an ordinary human being.
Speech teachers, he feels, are not
usually justified in encouraging
many of their students into theatre
work: it's too tough to crack. "With
so many professional actors earn-
ing their livings by ushering and

i

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