e AGFRTHE MICHIGAN DAILY
KNIGHTS, McCORMICKS, INDEEM:
On Prof. Aigler
N HIS LETTER TO THE EDITOR which ap- N
peared in Sunday's Daily, Prof. Ralph W. Aig- managerc
ler made an entirely unjustified attack on cer- saagn
tain editorials in this newspaper regarding the re- ion that
cent action of the House of Representatives on too far in
Roth editorials to which Prof. Aigler referred BUT PR
took the position that the House bill would picayu
bring an end to effective price control. Neither Miss Fran:
editorial stated that the House bill would term- ter to the
mate price control as such as Prof. Aigler price cont
maintains they did in his statement. "What t
"Now anyone who has paid attention to what should ta-
the lower house voted must know that both Mr. in fixing p
Roemer and Miss Franz (the writers of the edi- That is
torials) have simply misstated facts. There are titled to it
no words whatever in the House bill ending price Franz are
control." worried ab
TO ANYONE who read the editorials to which Re mern
Prof. Aigler objects, it is obvious that the writ- ler presu
ers did not claim that the House ended price con- In the:
trol entirely. What they did was to doubt that Prof. Aig
OPA could continue to hold the line against in- Daily's j
flation under the crippling restrictions of the umnist R
House bill. Free Pres
This concern is not confined to Mr. Roemer Chicago'
and Miss Franz alone. Similar concern has been McCormi
expressed by President Truman, Chester "One ma
Bowles, Paul Porter, Senators, Representatives, oratory for
labor leaders-and even businessmen. (The ture, is no
k Times reported Lew Hahn, general
of the National Retail Dry Goods As-
as saying: "It is my personal opin-
the House in some respects has gone
OG. AIGLER does more than raise a
nish objection to Mr. Roemer's and
z's use of words. He is writing his Let-
Editor because he is a partisan in the
rol dispute. He says:
he House did was to require that OPA
ke certain relevant facts into account
Prof. Aigler's opinion, and he is en-
t. But certainly Mr. Roemer and Miss
entitled to theirs. Prof. Aigler is not
out the House restrictions on OPA; Mr.
nd Miss Franz are. How can Prof. Aig-
ie to be the oracle in this matter?
remainder of his Letter to the Editor,
ler makes a shallow attack on The
ournalistic ethics. Referring to col-
Ray Ginger's mistrust of the Detroit
s (owned by John S. Knight) and the
Tribune (owned by Col. Robert R.
ck), Prof. Aigler says:
ay wonder whether The Daily, as a lab-
r the training of journalists of the fu-
t turning out future McCormicks and
whose journalistic ethics so distressed
ng to Prof. Aigler's thesis, any editorial
o disagrees with Prof. Aigler is an un-
irnalist of the Knight-McCormick cal-
unnecessary to point out further the
of Prof. Aigler's unthinking attack.
-Clayton L. Dickey
By DREW PEArSON
/ASHINGTON-- The inside story of why the
House didn't vote on final enactment of the
Patman Housing Bill before the Easter recess
isn't a happy one-from the standpoint of home-
seeking war veterans. Here's what happened:
A joint conference of Senate and House com-
mittees was called just before the Easter recess
in a rush to get House approval of Senate amend-
ments. These amendments included restoration
of $600,000,000 in subsidies to stimulate produc-
tion of scarce building materials.
Held in the usual secrecy, the conference lasted
all day in hope that the bill could be passed be-
fore House members left on their Easter holi-
day. Soon after the conference got under way at
9 a.m., however, it became apparent that this
was forlorn hope.
Four of the seven House conferees-Republi-
cans Wolcott of Michigan, Crawford of Michigan
and Gamble of New York, plus Democrat Brown
of Georgia (all VAV Congressmen)-served no-
tice they would make a bitter-end fight against
the $600,000,000 in subsidies, as well as the Sen-
ate's amendment calling for a government-guar-
anteed market to producers of 200,000 pre-fab-
ricated houses. Since pre-fabricated houses are
produced on a mass basis, the Senate considered
it necessary to guarantee builders a market of
Wolcott, Crawford, Gamble and Brown weren't
really opposed to this guaranteed market amend-
ment, but used it as a compromising weapon
to scuttle subsidies. In other words, they offered
to back down on a guaranteed market if the
other conferees backed down on subsidies- des-
cribed by President Truman as the "heart" of the
This proposition was flatly rejected by the re-
maining three House conferees-Representative
Wright Patman of Texas, author of the original
bill, Brent Spence of Kentucky and William Bar-
ry of New York (all Democrats). The seven Sen-
ate conferees were also unamimously opposed,
including Barkley of Kentucky, Murdock of Utah,
Taylor of Idaho, Mitchell of Washington, Taft
of Ohio, Buck of Delaware and Capehart of In-
-Patman and Barkley urged, begged and cajoled
with the four House objectors, but got nowhere.
Finally they offered a compromise-to cut the
subsidy provision from $600,000,000 to $400,000,-
"We are against subsidies in any form," Wol-
cott and his cohorts repeated over and over again:
"We are against a billion, $400,000,000-or even
Finally the conference adjourned, the four
VAV dissenters glowing with victory. Their col-
leagues are betting, however, that after hearing
from their War-Vet constituents during the Eas-
ter recess, they won't come back so happy. ;
Note-"VAV" is the designation which veter-
ans' groups are attaching to Congressmen who
"voted against veterans."
(Copyright, 1946, by the Bell Syndicate. Inc.)
To the Editor:
For the last two months I have fol-
lowed the Letters to the Editor
column in the Daily hoping to dis-
cover the thoughts that are upper-
most in the minds of Michigan stu-
dents. If the questions of proper
campus dress and coed promiscuity
are as important to the student body
as this column indicates, I suggest
that the Ann Arbor housing shortage
can be alleviated by returning a large
number of students to high school
until they are more mature.
Don't the situations in Irant,
Spain, and Argentina bother any-
body? Doesn't anybody feel pro
or con concerning the O.P.A., Walt-
er Reuther, or Senator Vanden-
berg? Has anybody heard of the
atomic bomb, or of world govern-
Is it that the students are not in-
terested in these questions, or 'do they
feel that complete answersare sup-
plied by the professors? A university
should be the place where students
begin to learn and to think for them-
selves. We who are in school now will
be the ones who will have to make
the decisions of the world in the
future. If twenty years from now
we still haven't relegated the little
things of life to their proper place,
God help us!
David B. Wehmeyer
(Continued from Page 3)
Life Guard. Salary, $1.00-$1.25 per
hour. Filing date, April 25.
Junior Recreation Instructor. Sal-
ary, $2321-$2473 per year. Filing
date, April 25.
Swimming Instructor. Salary, $2549
$3016 per year. Filing date, April 25.
Further information may be ob-
tained at the Bureau of Appoint-
ments, 201 Mason Hall.
Willow Village Program for veter-
ans and their wives.
Wednesday, April 24: Bridge, 2-4
p.m., Club Room, West Lodge, 8-10
p.m., Conference Room, West Lodge.
Thursday, April 25: Home Plan-
ning. Adelia M. Beeuwkes, Instructor
in Public Health Nutrition, will dis-
cuss "What's New ij Nutrition," the
second of a series of three lectures.
2-4 p.m. Office, West Lodge.
Friday, April 26: "Leadership:
How to get democratic group action,
and Parliamentary Procedures," Dr.
Fred G. Stevenson, Extension Staff.
2-4 p.m., Office, West Lodge; 8-10
p.m., Office, West Lodge.
Friday, April 26: Dancing Class,
Beginners, couples, 7 p.m. Auditor-
ium, West Lodge; Advanced, couples,
8 p.m. Auditorium, West Lodge. Mem-
bers of Monday night classes for
single men are invited to attend
Saturday, April 27: Square and
Round Dance, 8 p.m., Auditorium,
Sunday, April 28: Classical Music,
Sunday, April 28: Vespers: Rev.
James Van Pernis, Protestant Direc-
tors Association, 4-5 p.m., Conference
Room, West Lodge.
Sunday, April 28: Football Movie,
University of Michigan vs. Indiana,
commentary by member of Athletic
Staff, 7:30 p.m. Auditorium, West
Stulent Recital: Mary Jane Ward-
well, student of violin under Gilbert
Ross, will present a recital at 8:30 to-
night in Ly-dia Mendelssohn Tneatre.
Given in partial fulfillment of the re-
quirements for the degree of Bache-
for of Music, the program is open to
the public. It will include < ompos-
tions by Vitali, Bach, Mozat. l alo,
and Cecil Burleigh.
Faculty Recital: Lynne Palmer,
Harpist, will be heard in a recital at
8:30 Thursday evening, April 25, in
Lydia Mendelssohn Theater. Her pro-
gram will include a group of three
compositions by Salzedo, Waltzes,
Op. 39, by Brahms, Prelude in C ma-
jor by Prokofleff, Deux Divertisse-
ments by Caplet, and will close with
Mozart's Concerto for harp and flute.
Mrs. Palmer will be assisted in tne
Concerto by Marie Mountain Clark,
flutest, and John Kollen, pianist, aso
members of the School of Music lac-
ulty. The program is open to the
general public Without charge.
"Ancient Man in the Great Lakes
Region." Rotunda, University Muse-
um Building, through April 30.
DAILY OFFICIAL BULLETIN
NIGHT EDITOR: CHARLOTTE BOBRECKER
Editorials published in The Michigan Daily
are written by members of The Daily staff
and represent the views of the writers only.
ibre. It is
Homeless Humans --1,190,000
THE problem of the "man without a country" is
becoming more acute every day, as failure to
reach a satisfactory solution concerning the hun-
dreds of thousands of displaced persons in Eur-
ope is increasingly and glaringly evident.
To date, the efforts of the Special Com-
mittee on Refugees and Displaced Persons est-
ablished by the Economic and Social Commit-
tee of the United Nations have brought about
no indication that a settlement might be reach-
ed in the near future and the Anglo-American
Committee of Inquiry on Palestine has noth-
ing but bumbling procrastination and misun-
derstanding to show for its attempts to find an
answer to the vexing problems.
AT THE END OF THE WAR there were in Eur-
ope about 20 million displaced persons-
evacuees fleeing battle areas, refugees from poli-
tiCal and racial tyranny, slave labor imported
to Germany. Today, all but 1,190,000 DP's have
been repatriated. There are now 900,000 dis-
placed persons in American, British and French
zones of occupation in Germany and Austria.
The main task is one of dissolving the conflict
between Soviet views and Western ideas of free-
dom. The debate centers around the right of a
person to differ politically with the government
of his country. Until a guarantee of security
and freedom from persecution is given, these
hundreds of thousands of people will continue
to drift aimlessly in countries where they are
neither needed nor wanted, thus slowing down
the work of reconstruction and confusing the
issues in the peace settlement.
Rapid, mass resettlement is the only means
of solving the problem, in the words of United
THE ARMY'S own peculiar brand of justice is
being handedout at the Lichfield brutality
courts-martial. After three months of hemming
and hawing the courts-martial have sentenced
two enlisted men to prison. Even though both
the prosecuting and* defense attorneys agreed
that officers should have been the first to face
the court, the six accused prison camp officers,
including Col. James A. Kilian, former camp
. commander, have not been tried. Charges of a
"whitewash" of high-rankging officers associated
with the camp still stand.
S/Sgt. James Jones, one of the Lichfield de-
tention camp guards, was sentenced to six months
imprisonment last week in the case's most recent
development. Accused of inflicting "cruel, un-
usual and illegal punishment on U.S. soldier-
prisoners," Jones pleaded that he only followed
orders from his superiors. The first GI defendant,
Sgt. Judson H. Smith, was sentenced to three
years imprisonment and dishonorable discharge
on a similar charge. In Jones case, however, ord-
ers from above to "get rough and tough with the
prisoner's" was considered sufficient mitigation
to shorten the sentence in the judgment of Ma-
jor Leland Smith, the trial prosecutor.
Interferences with the course of justice have
been reported since the trial's beginning. Capt.
Earl Carroll resigned at the first of the month
with the statement that the courts-martial
was being grossly mishandled with an eye to
protecting top Army officials,
THIS published evidence of the manipulation
of justice has only served to call attention
to Army bigwigs who are attempting to steer
clear of the courts-martial. Evidence that they
did have a hand in directing the cruel punish-
ments at Lichfield was produced at the trial by
Major Richard E. LoBuono, former provost
marshal a the camp. LoBouno said for one thing
that Col. Kilian "was trying to control witnesses
for his own protection to keep them off his door-
step." He suggested also that Lichfield policy
was misstated by higher authorities and was well
known to them. One of the higher authorities
he mentioned was Major General Albert E.
States District Judge Simon H. Rifkind, spe-
cial advisor to Gen. Joseph T. McNarney, com-
mander of U.S. forces in the European Theatre.
THE PUZZLE of what to do with these nationals
can be solved only in terms of humanity and
experience. "Only he who has starved can under-
stand the hungry." What is desperately needed
in this situation is not a group of statisticians
trained to think in terms of numerical masses,
nor an outstanding military leader, but rather
an administrative group who wil undertake the
problems of the individual sympathetically and
painstakingly. Only a person who has a special
understanding of the suffering and degradation
which these people have undergone can persuade
them that they are most needed in their own
countries, the only place where they can resume
their lives to any purpose and satisfaction.
To the Editor:
Since the ice has left and the small
lakes on the diagonal have dried
up, a new form of horror has ap-
peared. I imagine that you too have
had to jump to save your life when
approached by a female on a two
wheel contrivance called a bicycle.
The situation is beyond all reason.
Either these girls have an utter dis-
regard for the rights of conservative
pedestrians, or they don't know how
to ride their steeds. May I suggest
that one of the first things the new
student government consider is a
proposal to test woman riders for
their ability to handle these two
wheel demons. This could be done
with a minimum amount of red tape,
but let's try to removesome of the
reckless driver-s from the sidewalks
of the diagonal.
Robert II. Harder
James E. Hovis
eontro ereial 1?eItotep I
Said And Done
University Lecture: Dr. Solon J.+
Buck, Archivist of the United States,
will lecture on "The National Ar-
chives," at 4:15 p.m., Wednesday,
April 24, in the Rackham Amphi-
theater under the auspices of the De-
partment of Library Science and the
Division of the Social Sciences. The
public is cordially invited.
Faculty members who desire to con-
fer with Dr. Buck on Wednesday
morning, April 24, may arrange to
do so by calling Professor R. H.
Gjellsness (tel. 765).
The Henry Russel Lecture. Dr.
Elizabeth C. Crosby, Professor of
Anatomy, will deliver the Henry Rus-
sel Lecture for 1945-46. "The Neuro-
anatomical Patterns Involved in Cer-
tain Eye Movements," at 4:15 p.m.,
Thursday, May *9, in the Rackham
Amphitheater. Announcement of the
Henry Russel Award for this year
will also be made at this time.
Final Examination Schedule for
Women's Health Lecture
Section I-Mon. Apr. 22, 4:15
Section II-Tues. Apr. 23, 4:15
Section III-Wed. Apr. 24, 4:15
Please appear for examination in
the section in which you are enrollee
Analytic Functions Seminar today
at 3:00 p.m.,, 3201 A. H. Mr. Pitts will
speak on Analytic Functions of Qua-
Radio Program: The University
Broadcasting service and the School
of Music present today from 2:00 to
2:30 over Station WKAR (870 kc) its
weekly program "EPOCHS IN MU-
SIC" under the direction and super-
vision of Prof. Hanns Pick. This will
be the first of five Radio-recitals de-
voted to the works of LUDWIG VAN
BEETHOVEN. The program contains
the Bagatelles Op. 119 for Piano solo
(played by Lucretia Dell), and the
String-quartet Op. 18 No. 4 (played
by Wassily Besekirsky, Loren Cady,
Edward Ormond and Hanns Pick).
Commentations by Theodore Heger.
The Psychology Club will present
Dr. Ira A. Altshuler, psychiatrist at
Eloise State Hospital this evazinq at
8:00 p.m. in the Assembly Hall of the
Rackham Graduate School. Dr.
Altshuler will speak on the topic
'Music Therapy." Everyone is invited
Botanical Journal Club will meet
today at 4:00 p.m. in Room N.S. 1139.
Reports by: Claire Micnelso i, "Two
Famous Michigan Botanists." Marvin
C. Rogers, "The Effects of Certain
Sugars and Amino Acids upon the
Respiration of Allomyces," and "An
Experimental Study of Alternation of
Generations in Allomcyes." Bernard
Ellison, "The Genus Pythium."
Chairman, F. K. Spar-row. Anyone
interested is cordially invited to at-
The University of Michigan branch
of the A.I.E.E. will meet tonight at
7:30 at the Michigan Union. Mr.
Floyd Schultz of the Detroit Division
of Detrola Corp. will deliver a talk
on "Recent Developments in Radio."
The speaker has planned his talk so
that it will be of special interest to
veterans who have been connected
with radio during the war.
Plans for the field trips will be
completed, and tickets will be sold
at the end of the meeting. A date for
the annual picnic will be decided up-
on. Tom Hendrickson will report on
the progress made by the by-laws
THE NEED of defining "freedom of the press"
has been pushed into the lime-light in this
area by the Detroit Free Press attacks on the
University of Michigan. The question has be-
come of major importance in other areas also.
For instance, many of the former Fascist news-
papers in Italy have resumed publication with
their former staffs and former ownership. The
editorial policies of these papers have been only
superficially revised. When we have just fought
a war aginst Fascist Italy, does "freedom of the
press" make it necessary that these papers should
be allowed to follow their previous tactics in sup-
port of Fascism?
These questions are basic. Quite possibly
the failure on our part to find a satisfactory
answer shall mean the end of any attempt to
have representative government. Today there
is reason to consider a MIS-INFORMED POP-
ULACE to be fully as dangerous as an unin-
formed populace. The people of Germany, Italy
and Japan were not uninformed, but they were
deliberately mis-informed. The most import-
ant source of information is the people's own
experience; but this source after all extends,
for each of us, over a relatively small area. For
news about any event outside our own com-
munity, we must rely on the newspapers, mov-
ies and radio. Therefore we must have a correct
policy toward these mediums of communica-
tion if we are to have an informed electorate.
There are few persons who would deny that
any semblance of representative government is
dependent upon an informed electorate.
Do we have the correct policy toward the news-
papers when the Detroit Free Press can print
MIS-INFORMATION about us and escape un-
punished? This writer thinks not. Any freedom
which is stretched that far becomes worse than
meaningless . . . it becomes dangerous.
BUT we must conclude that the Free Press is
an unruly rogue, a black sheep among news-
papers. Its publisher John S. Knight is the presi-
dent of the American Society of Newspaper Edi-
tors. He was recently awarded a citation by the
Poor Richard Club of Philadelphia for his "out-
standing work during the war." This outstanding
work consisted of trying to take our type of free-
dom of the press to Europe. The Europeans have
refused it . . . should we too refuse it?
Mr. Knight is clearly a man of standing in the
newspaper world. A man of even greater stand-
ing is Col. Robert McCormick. Col. McCormick
is publisher of the Chicago Tribune, owner of
radio station WGN in Chicago, president of the
Mutual Broadcasting System, and one of the
recognized leaders in the Associated Press. Col.
McCormick has just called a conference of all
those publishers who are "interestedl in legisla-
tion to exempt the press services from the provi-
sions of the anti-trust laws."
That seems a strange act by a man who is
sincerely concerned about "freedom of the
press." We would believe that the sincere advo-
cate of press freedom would welcome the anti-
trust laws. We would believe that he would fear
the great danger of monopoly in the distribu-
tion of news. We would believe that he would
welcome competing newspapers, because the
essence of freedom is freedom for everybody.
But Col. McCormick and Mr. Knight are not
really interested in freedom for everybody. They
are interested in a more exclusive and profitable
type of freedom. They want to corner the market
on freedom. They want to catch freedom and tie
it down. Then they intend to build a fence around
it, and nail up on the fence a big sign: "For mem-
OF COURSE the working newspapermen could
never be included among the members. They
can't meet the prime requirement for member-
ship, namely: $1,000,000 to start your own pa-
per. So they get their own special kind of free-
dom. They have the freedom to convert their
boss' ideas into good grammar. Well, that's one
kind of freedom, but it's hardly.freedom of the
All of these attempts at definition are going
to end up at the same old place until a new ap-
proach is adopted. One of these days somebody
is going to suggest that perhaps freedom of the
press should actually mean freedom for the work-
ing newspapermen to write the news as they see
it, and not as their bosses imagined it. Then we
are going to question whether this type of free-
dom might not be better achieved if the news-
papers were owned by the government, rather
than by the Knights and the McCormicks.
To the Editor:
This is to register a vehement pro-
test at the unwittingly (I hope) ne-
farious practice of your Advertising
Department in accepting color dis-
I have reference to the May Festi-
val supplementary edition wherein
Mis Anne Brown, a competent sop-
rano, is advertised as . . . "Negro
'Porgy and Bess' Soprano". I am
aware that Anne Brown is a Negro.
That fact, however, does not add or
detract from her ability to sing, and,
in my mind, is played up for the ex-
ploitation value implicit in the use
of the word Negro.
There are, undoubtedly, many
Negroes who disagree with this the-
sis, and insist on the biling of
colored artists as belonging to the
Negro race. This recognition of ar-
tistic - or any other - ability
as belonging to a color, creed, or
country is dubious, at best, in value.
As yet, the Daily has not offended
in its news articles by pointing- out
participants in a news story as be-
ing black as distinguished from that
inchoate conglomeration of races
known as white. However, I believe
that, in accord with its policy of un-
distinguished journalism, it soon will,
if the opportunity presents itself.
If you are looking for a facetious
cap for this letter, please entitle it
in boldface: "Cancel My Subscrip-
Placing the Blame
IT IS A PITY Pope Pius in his ap-
peal for world aid to combat fam-
ine did not feel it politic to focus
attention where it belongs - on the
failure of the American government
to take steps at all commensurate
with the emergency. . . . It is the
United States that is failing the
world, not because the American peo-
ple are ungenerous but because greedy
business-as-usual food interests and
an equally rapacious farm bloc run
the Department of Agriculture.
Biological Chemistry Seminar will
meet in Room 319 West Medical
Building on Friday, April 26, at 4 p.m.
"Enzymes and the Intermediary
Metalobism of the Fat Acids." All in-
terested are invited.
School of Education Freshmen:
Courses dropped after Saturday, April
27, will be recorded with the grade
of E except under extraordinary cir-
cumstances. No course is considered
dropped unless it has been reported
in the office of the Registrar, Room
4, University Hall.
Students, College of Engineering:
The final day for DROPPING
COURSES' WITHOUT RECORD will
be Saturday, April 27. A course may
be dropped only with the permission
of the classifier after conference with
W. J. Emmons, Secretary
Varsity Glee Club
Short rehsearsal followed by ser-
enade tonight at 7:15 at Michigan
Union. Every man out.
The Seminar on Music will meet in
Lane Hall tonight at 7:30. Robert
Taylor will be in charge of a program
on Beethoven's Ninth Symphony.
Alpho Phi Omega will hold a
business meeting tonight at 7:30 at
the Union. Important business will
be discussed so every membe- and
pledge should attend.
Sigma Nu Fraternity will meet to-
night at 7:30 p.m., at the Union. All
members, regardless of chapter affili-
ations, are invited.
The Inter-Faith Committee of
B'nai B'rith Hillel Foundation.
meet tonight at 7:30 p.m., at
(Continued on Page 5)
Edited and managed by :students of the University of Michigan under the
authority of the Board in Control of Student Publications.
Margaret Farmer...... ....Managing Editor
Hale Champion.. . . . . . . . . . . Editorial Director
Robert Goldman.. . . . . . . . . . . . . City Editor
Emily E. Knapp . . . . . . . . . . . . . Associate Editor
Pat Cameron..... .........Associate Editor
Tattle-tale cigar ash, m'boy. Discovered by
Your Fairy Godfather on the kitchen floor.
Positive proof that the Refrigerator Bandit
is partial to the weed-How very careless
#t-a -- :rm:- # -rn ref#^k
By Crockett Johnson
Clear Havana ...
Pop always smokes Havana
r .nnr Mr O'Mallev...
'Cushamochree! Not your father. Still, he has
free and easy access to the ice box. There's
no gainsaying that. Ah, the detective's life.
What strange by-paths he must traverse. And
whrlf Wcultrecisions he's forced to make!
Clark Baker . . .
Des Howarth . . .
Ann Schutz . . .
Dona Guimaraes ..
. . . . . . . . . . . . Sports
. . . . . . . . Associate Sports
. . . . . . . . . . . Women's
. . . . . . . Associate Women's
LlVl V 4Sljt l' dAA.14 s . " s