See Page 4
VOL. LVI, No. 122 ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, WEDNESDAY, APRIL 24, 1946
PRICE FIVE CENTS
To Paris for
Foreign Miuli ters
To Shape Treaties
By The Associated Press
WASHINGTON, April 23-Secre-
tary of State Byrnes took off for the
foreign ministers conference at Paris
today on a peace mission so critical
that he suggested to newsmen he was
"standing in the need of prayer."
Byrnes was scheduled to arrive at
Paris about noon Paris time and meet
with foreign ministers Molotov of
Russia, Bevin of Britain and Bidault
of France on Thursday. The pur-
pose of the meeting is to try to break
the Big Four deadlock over making
peace treaties with Italy, the Balkan
states and Finland in order to speed
removal of occupation forces from
all those countries and bring a real
atmosphere of peace to Europe.
Unity At Stake
Beyond that, at least some of
Byrnes' advisers think, the unity of
the great powers in peacetime is at
stake, for if they cannot jointly work
out peace treaties, they may have to
tackle the problem on some sort of
separate basis. This in turn might
upset such harmony as they have
thus far been able to generate within
the United Nations.
Byrnes is known to feel that
chances for breaking the deadlock are
slender depending chiefly on Russia's
willingness to make major conces-
sions on her ambitions in the Medi-
Iran Censorship Affirmed
One of the department's last ac-
tions before the secretary took off
was to disclose that it has received
official confirmation from Prime
Minister Ahmed Qavam, of Iran, that
the Tehran government has invoked
its rights of censorship of outgoing
news under a 1932 Madrid treaty,,
but is evidently trying not to make a
drastic application of censorship.
Qavam expressed his views to
American representatives in Tehran1
after United States objections to all;
censorship ad been presented to,
him and he had been warned that thea
American public would lose confi-
dence in reports which had to pass
Byrnes' Task Complicated;
To the extent that these latest de-
velopments in Iran reflect political
difficulties involving Russia they
complicate Byrnes' task in Paris.
Another issue on which it appears
likely Byrnes will at least approach a
showdown in Paris is that of control
of the Mediterranean. All indica-
tions here are that the United States
will oppose without qualification any
extension of Russian authority which
would seriously menace Britain's
At A Glance
Red Clash Imminent . . .
CHUNGKING, April 23 /-IlPX-Van-
guards of Chiang Kai-Shek's veteran
First Army were reported today at;
Kungchuling, where 80,000 Coimnun-
ist troops had streamed out of thes
hills for a stand in defense of their
hold on Changchun 36 miles to the,
Expressmen Walk Out. .
DETROIT, April 23 -(P)- Rail-
way Express Company service in
the Detroit area was at a stand-
still today as 1,000 workers left
their jobs to attend a union meet-
ing amidst reports that a nation-
wide strike of the company's 65,000
employes would begin at 12:01 a.m.
I1 Duce's fBody Taken ...
MILAN, April 23 --(IP)-- Swift, ex-
pert grave robbers dug the remains
of Benito Mussolini from his un-
marked pauper's grave in the dead
of night, a municipal communique
said today, and officials disclosed
finding a letter which said. the body
was taken by the "Democratic Fascist
Thomas Fears Ousting ...
CHICAGO, April 23 -(p)- Vice-
President.R. J. Thomas of the CIO
United Auto Workers told reporters
tonight that President Walter P.
Reuther proposes to take over
Thomas', post as director of the
union's competitive shop division,
and to retain the union's General
Tthe political bug is even catch-
ing the little ones these days.
Early yesterday a student was
accosted by six potential Jesse
James' armed with wooden beebe
guns and water pistols.
"If ,ya' 'aint got no money, we'll
keep ya' here forever," the pre-
cocious children shouted. The stu-
dent tried to explain he was not
on a shopping tour but was collect-
ing signatures on a nominating
petition. Convinced that this ped-
estrian was no ordinary one, the
children offered concessions. They
would let him go if they could sign
They gave up their guns fot col-
lateral, sat down on the sidewalk
Saari Opposes Kelley
On Demnocratic Ticke,
Four candidates, three of them from
Ann Arbor, filed petitions yesterday
at Lansing for candidacy in the race
for Congressional Representative
from this district.
The two-way struggle for Demo-
cratic nomination will take place
between Wayne Saari and William
R. Kelley. Incumbent Earl C.
Michener will oppose Hentry F.
Vander Velde on the Republican
With a three-day period to de-
clare final intention to run, three
of the candidates have already af-
firmed their decision to do so. The
fourth, Saari, indicated last night
that his plans are still in abeyance.
Saari qualified with 950 signatures,
almost double the required number.
He is at present a senior in the liter-
ary college, majoring in political sci-
Kelley is a graduate of the Univer-
sity and of the Detroit College of Law.
He served five years in the infantry,
two-and-one-half of them overseas.
Stating his intentions of policy, he
declared, "I have the veteran's inter-
est at heart. I know their problems,
having faced them myself. I am anx-
ious to see veterans placed at the
same level on which they would have
been had they not entered the serv-
Vander Velde, formerly x student
of economics at the University,
turned in approximately 1,200 sig-
natures. In a statement to The
Daily he said, "I wish to thank
those who have made possible this
initial step in my campaign. They
have afforded the entire district, as
well as themselves, the opportunity
to review a variance of opinions
and to make a more knowing
Michener, a resident of Adrian, was
unavailable for coment last night.
Filing for the June 18 primaries
closed yesterday as election cam-
paigns began to take shape for the
major state offices, according to As-
sociated Press reports.
On the Republican end of the gu-
bernatorial race the issue became
four-sided with Lieut. Gov. Vernon
J. Brown of Mason; Kim Sigler of
Hastings, former Jugham County
Grand juror: Raymond J. Kelly also
of Detroit,. ormer American Legion
coinnmander; anud Mayor Edward J.
Jeftries, also of Detroit entering the
Filing for the Democratic ticket
were former Gov. Murray D. Va"n
Wagoner of Bimingham; William
J. Cody of Highland Park, Wayne
County Circuit Court commission-
er; and George Suhermerhorn of
Four Republicans and one Demo-
crat registered their intention to run
for Lieutenant Governor.
Senator Arthur H. Vandenberg of
Grand Rapids is unopposed for re-
nomination on the Republican ticket."
Iran Issue Remains on UN Agenda;
Ref uses Further
RECRUITING CARAVAN-Eight-vehicle Army Air Forces caravan which,
Ann St. Recruiting officers will be on duty at the exhibit and at the armory.'
featuring a B-29 engine (cut-away view) and the instrument panel from al
will be on exhibit beginning at 11 a.m. Friday in the 200 block of East
The caravan includes an AAF and captured Japanese equipment exhibit,
P-38 reconnaissance fighter.
(Daily Staff Photo)
Maize and Blue Nine Defeats Highly-Rated
Michigan State Squad, 4-2, iii Close Contest
Wolverines Hand Spartans First Loss in
19 Encounters; Play to Capacity Crowl
By WALT KLEE
Michigan's baseball team won its
23rd straight ball game yesterday
when they defeated Michigan State's
The championship debate of the
Michigan High School Forensic As-
sociation, to be held at 8 p.m. Friday
in the Rackham Lecture Hall, will
climax a series of interscholastic de-
bate contests in which 125 Michigan
high schools participated.
All the debates this year, beginning
with the preliminary tournaments
Dec. 1, have been on the topic: "Re-
solved; that every able-bodied male
citizen of the United States should
have one year of full-time military
training before he reaches the age of
Two preliminary tournaments and
one elimination tournament have
been held in each of eight districts in
the state. The eight winning teams
competed in further elimination de-
Five students, winners of prelimi-
nary contests will compete for high-
est freshman speech honors before
the Speech Assembly to be held at 4
p.m. today in the Lydia Mendels-
bates, and }he two winning teams will
engage in tnefinal debates here Fri-
The teams are Hudsonville High
School, for the affirmative, with Har-
vey Moes and Nelson Stegeman de-
bating, and Lansing Sexton High
School for the negative, with Ann
Kontes and Robert Carson.
Dean Hayward Keniston of the
literary school will act as chairman
for the meeting. Judges will be Profs.
Densmore and Carl G. Brandt of the
speech department, and Prof. Andrew
Weaver, chairman of the Depart-
ment of Speech at the University of
previously undefeated nine by a 4-2
score in as thrilling a ball game seen
on the Ferry Field diamond in several
In administering the first defeat;
the Spartans have suffered in 19 out-
ings, the Wolverines had to beat back
a desperate ninth inning rally which
saw the tying runs on base with one
out and four pinch hitters come to
Block Pitches Steady Kill
Earl Block pitched steady ball
throughout the nine inning contest
allowing seven safeties in winning his
second straight game.
Elmer Swanson's home run to deep
left field in they fourth inning with
Jimmy Brown on base was the big
blow for the Maize and Blue. Dom
Student Camn agn
To le lBroadcast
Candidates for the Student Con-
gress, new campus governing body,
will give short campaign speeches
on a daily radio program at 7:30
a.m. over station WPAG, the Men's
Judiciary Council announced last
The series of 15-minute radio
programs will start tomorrow and
will continue through next Tues-
day, April 30, the first day of the
The programs are nderl the
direction of Dorothy Murzek.
Candidates who have not been
contacted about a speaking date
are asked to calf Miss Murzek at
2-3225 from 1 to 3 p.m. today.
The speakers for tomorrow will
be: Marion Riegel, Margery Har-
rington, Elsa Goodman, Maninv
Rose, Ruth McMorris, Max Kogen,
Wink Jaffee and Ray Davis,
Rules concerning camnpaigln lit-
erature for the election next week
were also announced.
Campaign literature of all sorts
will be permissible, according to
Harry Jackson, provided that its
use does not violate University
regulations. The University rules
forbid placing and distributing
papers and handbills on the cam-
Tomasi connected for a triple to left
center that was kept from being a
home run only by brilliant outfield
play by the Spartans.
Bob Nussbaumer's double was the
other extra base hit for the Wolver-
ines, while Tom Rosema, Ralph Hous-
er and Bob Chappuis each had two
safeties to their credit.
The Michigan infield performed
brilliantly with each man taking his
share of the glory. Walt Kell made
an impossible diving stop of Robin
Roberts' grounder over the bag,
raised himself to one knee and fired
the ball across the diamond to Tom
Rosema who had to stretch to make
the put out by an eyelash.
Brown and Tomasi excelled as the
keystone combination, Brown accept-
ing five chances and Tomasi six, sev-
eral of which were better than aver-
Block had a four hitter going into
the ninth when Floyd Guest opened
the inning with a double, followed by
pinch hitter Nick Gregory's single
to score Guest. After the second
pinch hitter of the inning, Pete Forni
See MAIZE AND BLUE, Page 3
Delegates To Be
Chosen by IRA
Will Attend Congress
Of Civil Liberties
The regular business meeting of
the Inter-Racial Association will be
held at 7:30 p.m. today in the Union.
The main purpose of the meeting is
to choose delegates to attend the
Congress of Civil Liberties meeting
scheduled for this weekend in De-
troit. Liberal groups throughout the
country have been asked to send two
delegates to this conference, which is
supported by such p'ominent men as
Louis Odamic, Norman Corwin and
Plans for a camus Brotherhood
weekend will be discussed at the
meeting. Plans will also be made to
organize a campaign, in conjunction
with MYDA, to aid James B. Steph-
enson, victim of the attempted lynch-
ing in Columbia, Tennessee.
A complete review of the work be-
ing done by the investigating com-
mittees, will be presented at this time.
Institute To Hear
'U' Faculty Men
Sessions Scheduled for
May 14-16 at Rackhar
Speeches by eleven University fac-
ulty members will highlight the four-
teenth annual Adult Education In-
stitute, which will be held May 14-16
in the Rackham Lecture Hall under
the joint sponsorship of the Uni-
versity Extension Service and the
Michigan State Federation of Wom-
Four series of talks have been
planned, on the topics "The World
Today," "World Citizenship," "The
American Home" and "The Results
of Scientific Discovery."
Huntley, Wheeler to Talk
In the first, series, Dr. Frank L.
Huntley of the English department
will speak on "Japan and China" and
Prof. Benjamin W. Wheeler of the
history department will speak on'
Germany. Prof. Andrev Lobanov-
Rostovsky will discuss Russia. Prof.
Sandford A. Mosk, in the Post-Hos-
tilities Course in Latin American
Area Training, will discuss Latin
Ame'ica, while Prof. Lawrence Preuss
of the political science department
has chosen as his topic "The Foreign
Policy of the United States."
In the talks on "World Citizen-
ship," Prof. Mischa Titiev of the an-
thropology department will speak on
"Anthropology Looks at the World
Today"; Prof. Theodore Newcomb of
the Department of Sociology, on
"Hopes and Fears in World Public
Opinion," and Prof. Norman R. F.
Maier of the psychology department
on "The Techniques of Understand-
Medical Talks Scheduled
"The Results of Scientific Discov-
ery" will be described in talks on
"New Medical Discoveries" by Dr. A.
C. Furstenburg, dean of the Medical
School; "The New Physics" by Prof.
Ernest F. Barker of the physics de-
partment; and "The New Chemistry"
by Prof. Lawrence Brockway of the
Club Will Meet
Attendance of 3,500
Educators Is Expected
Approximately 3,500 educators from
grade schools, high schools and col-
leges throughout the state are ex-
pected to attend the 59th annual
meeting of the Michigan Schoolmas-
ters Club which will begin tomorrow
and continue through Saturday.
The opening general assembly at
9:15 a.m. Friday will be addressed by
Val Clare, news editor of CKLW,
Windsor, Ontario on the subject
"Children in Europe" and Philip C.
Nash, president of the University
of Toledo, who will speak on "Edu-
cation for One World."
The Sixteenth Annual Conference
on Teacher Education will begin at
10 a.m. tomorrow at the Rackham
Building. Four representatives of
school systems in the state will dis-
cuss the need for changes in the pre-
sent training of beginning teachers.
An informal discussion will follow.
The Annual Conference on Teacher
Supply and Demand will begin at
12:15 p.m. Friday in the League Ball-
By Poland, France
By The Associated Press
NEW YORK, April 23-Russia by
an 8-to-3 vote lost a bitter battle to-
day to take the Iranian case off the
United Nations Security Council
agenda and Soviet delegate Andrei
Gromyko thereupon grimly served
notice that he would not discuss Iran
again at a Council meeting.
Climaxing a two-hour session at
which it was obvious to a packed
chamber that a majority wanted .
decision promptly, eight delegates
kept their hands down when the
chairman called for a vote on a,
French compromise proposal to turn
the matter over to the U.N. Secretary
General for a report.
Three Vote Compromise
Russia, who associated itself with
the French proposal in the final con-
fused action, Poland and France were
the only delegates voting for the
Russia's original demand, contained
in a letter dated April 6, for elimina-
tion of the Iranian question from
the agenda immediately was not
voted upon. The chairman, Egypt's
Dr. Hafez Afifi Pasha, held that
Gromyko's brief statement in which
he associated himself with the French
proposal made a second vote unnec-
Decision Contrary to Charter
The Russian delegate made this
"In view of the agreement reached
between the Soviet government and
the Iranian government on all ques-
tions and in view of the withdrawal
of its appeal to the Security Council
by the Iranian government, the Soviet
delegation considers that the decision
of the Security Council to retain the
Iranian question on its agenda is
contrary to the chartet of the United
The five University officials who
will attend the conference on foreign
student problems in Chicago April 29
through May 1 have been charged by
President Alexander G. Ruthven to
submit a report concerning possible
policies for this university, according.
to Dr. Esson M. Gale.
Foreign Student Problem
"The president feels that the for-
eign student problem has become im-
possible to control on the university
level," Dr. Gale stated, "and should
be considered as a national problem."
President Ruthven is himself at-
tending a meeting of the Association
of State Universities in Chicago this
week, and will act as chairman of a
panel on foreign student problems.
The conference, Dr. Gale said, will
consider the proposal of Dr. Allen
Blaisdell, foreign student adviser of
the University of California, that a
national organization be established
to study questions of foreign student
admission, allocation and orientation.
The University delegation, Dr. Gale
said, will bring a number of prob-
lems before the conference. Among
them are the questions of admitting
students from countries not currently
represented, and of granting tuition
scholarships to those students and to
deserving students now enrolled.
The suggestion will be made, Dr.
Gale said, that qusionnaires be sent
See RUTHVEN, Page 2
Dean of Students Joseph A. Burs-
ley will discuss housing facilities for
student veterans at 7:30 p.m. today
at Willow Village's West Lodge com-
Dean Bursley will explain the na-
ture of the nresent housing nrnhlm
SUPREME COURT VACANCY:
Lederle Predicts Democratic Appointment
By PHYLLIS KAYE
"The man who fills the vacancy
on the Supreme Court bench resulting
from the death of Republican Chief
Justice Harlan F. Stone will probab-
ly be a Democrat," Prof. John W.
Lederle of 'the political science de-
partment declared yesterday.
Prof. Lederle stated that he
he doesn't think the Democrats
would feel compelled to pick a Re-
publican for this appointment, as
was done in the case of Justice Bur-
ton of Ohio. "There are certainly
enugh anifiedl awvers among the
tice Stone dead, only one New Yorker
remains on the bench and another
may be considered.
"Sen. Robert Wagner has been
mentioned," Prof. Lederle added,
"and because of his recognized lib-
eral views and long service to his
party, he might win the appoint-
ment. Only one objection can be
cited in this conection and that is
Wagner's age. He is 69."
There is no strong precedent for
raising a member of the court to chief
justiceship when that position is
open, he contended, and the immed-
iate preceding chief justices, such as
Hughes and Taft, were not on the
court at the time of their appoint-
ment. However, among those incum-
bents mentioned as possible succes-
sors to Chief Justice Stone are Jus-
tice Robert H. Jackson, Justice Felix
Frankfurter and Justice William 0.
"I think Justice rankfurter's ap-
pointment unlikely because of his
conservative views, Prof. Loderle con-
tended, and President Truman is
more inclined to reward faithtul