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April 21, 1946 - Image 1

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The Michigan Daily, 1946-04-21

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INDIAN
FREED)OMV
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Daii4

AFTERNOON

SHOWERS1 ;1c

VOL. LVI, No. 120 ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, SUNDAY, APRIL 21, 1946

PRICE FIVE CENTS

Franco Probe
Likely To Win
UN Approval
Council To Discuss
Proposal Next Week
By The Associated Press,
NEW YORK, April 20-Australia's
proposal for an investigation of
Franco Spain by the United Nations
Security Council appeared tonight to
be headed toward almost certain ap-
proval when the council resumes dis-
cussion of the Spanish question next
week.
Strong support of the proposed in-
quiry was assured when it became
apparent that advocates of an im-
mediate world-wide diplomatic break
with Spain were lining up behind it.
Mexico First
The first nation to announce pub-
licly that it would support the motion
of Australian delegate W. R. Hodg-
son was Mexico, one of the most ar-
dent backers of the Polish move for a
diplomatic quarantine of the regime
of Generalissimo Franco.
Mexican Foreign Minister Fran-
cisco Castillo Najera said in Wash-
ington that the Australian proposal
was a "good compromise" and an-
nounced that Mexico would support
it.

I.

I - -

PilotlessAircraft Course

W ,q rn T T q, n-f MiAi*Aa

Tl ,

Given for AAF cers
Engineering College Trains 13 Teiichnickians 5 Per Cent W heat Products Cut;
In Un imie A ern-Dvnamin Pn r-yruim

--- vaaaa.l"' 1 ll.'i "'P.7 litill. tl4.. !. A. 11 2. 4111

Polish Delegate Oscar Lange, spon-
sor of the original resolution calling
for an immediate break with Spain,
was reported earlier to have assured
Hodgson of Poland's support.
Others Silent
Russia and France, the other two
advocates of a diplomatic break, re-
mained silent on their plans, but ,it
was believed they would support the
Hodgson compromise.
Under this plan, a five-man com-
mittee would be appointed to deter-
mine whether the Franco regime was
a threat to world peace. The com-
mittee would be required to report
back by May 17.
While some of the delegations
would not commit themselves, pend-
ing further study of the proposal,
the plan was generally well received.
There was no immediate opposition
from any quarter.
The Spanish question, which al-
ready has been subject to two days
of bitter debate, was not expected to
come up before Wednesday. Ahead of
it on the agenda is the controversial
Iranian question which will be taken
up when the council re-convenes
Tuesday.
Cost of Homes
Reduced, More
Will Be Rented
WASHINGTON, April 20 - (A) -
The government tonight ordered new,
reduced cost ceilings for the bulk of
new dwellings and directed that one-
fourth of them be built for rental.
The National Housing Administra-
tion order will steer, by priority ac-
tion, most of the country's residen-
tial building materials into homes
well under the present $10,000 sales
and $80 rental limit.
Announced by Housing Expediter ;
Wilson W. Wyatt, the order directs
that:l
One Fourth Rental
One-fourth of the dwellings hence-
forth authorized in any city must be
built for rental; and of these, at least
half must rent at or below ceilings'
which range from $40 monthly in
New Orleans to $65 in New York.
Half of all homes built to be sold
must come below a new price line
which also varies from city to.city;
$4,500 in New Orleans, for instance,
and $9,000 in New York.
It will be the job of Federal Hous-
ing officials over the country to in-
duce builders to undertake the low-
cost and rentalhousing projects.
Withheld Priorities
They must account for over 60 per
cent of authorized dwellings.
The government's whip is the with-I
holding of priorities on scarce lum-]
ber, materials and supplies.
Other houses may range in price upl
to the $10,000 sales and $80-a-month
rental limits already fixed for the
veterans' housing program but1
Wyatt said that the new "channel-
ing" order will immediately "increase
by 50 per cent the homes built undert
$6,500" in April, May and June.
AVC State Council1
Elects OPA Official
Mennen Williams, deputy district
OPA chairman for Detroit, was elect-..
ed president of the American Veter-
ans Committee Michigan Area Coun-

By DORIS WEST
EDITOR'S NOT: By arrangement with
AAF Public Relations, Wright Field, Day-
ton, Ohio, the information contained
in this article is being released for the
first time.
A course in pilotless aircraft, the
first and only course of its kind, is
now being offered by the College of
Engineering.
The pilotless aircraft course is part
of an extensive program being carried
out by the Army Air Forces to use
exisiting educational institutions to
train a nucleus of technicians among
the officer ranks.
Courses For Officers
These courses are being made avail-
able to officers of all grades with a
view of having staff officers with
technical backgrounds in all eche-
lons of command.
"The purpose of this course is to
develop Army Air Force officers cap-
Lewis Confers
With Truman
On Coal Strife
'No Conclusive Result'
Reported from Talk
WASHINGTON, April 20 - A) -
President Truman took a hand in the
20-day soft coal strike today in an
unheralded White House talk with
John L. Lewis and Secretary of La-
bor Schwellenbach.
The two had a 15-minute confer-
ence with Mr. Truman and Recon-
version Director John W. Snyder but
the White House said afterward the
meeting had been without any "con-
clusive result."
In Good Humor
Nevertheless Lewis and Schwellen-
bach left the meeting in obvious good
humor and the labor secretary said
he intended to get in touch with Ezra
Van Horn, Chairman of the Mine Op-
erators Joint Negotiating Commit-
tee.
It was considered probable the
President had asked Lewis, chief of
the 400,000 idle United Mine Work-
ers, to resume joint negotiations with
the mine owners. However, Charles
G. Ross, White House press secretary,
told reporters he could neither con-
firm nor deny whether the President
had made any proposal.
In response to questions Schwellen-
bach declared there would be no re-
sumption of strike negotiations,
either with both sides separately or
together, until next Tuesday at the
earliest.
Lewis Has Date
Lewis has a date Wednesday at
Hazelton, Pa., to attend the meeting
called to form UMW's new contract
demands for 72,000 anthracite min-
ers. The hard coal contract expires
May 31.
The bituminous, or soft coal, situ-
ation has been at an impasse since
April 10 when Lewis walked out of
joint negotiations with the opera-
tors. He said further talks were use-
less. Lewis wants a settlement of his
demand for a union-administered
health and welfare fund for miners
financed by a tonnage levy on coal
production, and also for improvedi
safety conditions.

able of supervising development pro-
grams in pilotless aircraft along those
lines which will be most beneficial to
the military establishment," Col. Wil-
fred H. Tetley, one of the 13 AAF
officers taking thew couse said
Acro-Dynamic Devces
Ile added that the Army Air Forces
feel that since pilotless aircraft are
primarily aero-dynamic devises, the
AAF should take theI-ad in develop-
ing them for militaryy )urnoses.
The development 01 pilotless air-
craft and robot bombs envisions the
integration of techniques in aero-
nautical, electrical and mechanical
engineering. The course is designed
to emphasize that field in each sub-
ject which is most conunon to the
guided, missiles l oblern ard not tG
make experts in any one line.
Practical Work
When they complete this one year
post-graduate roirse AAF officers
will undertake to transate baic sci-
entife -research into practical de-
vices which can be readily produced
by leading manufacturers and can
be maintained and operated by sol-
diers in the field,
The University has taken great
pains in cooperating with the engi-
neering school at Wright Field in
modifying certain courses to insure
well-balanced training in the three
phases of engineering most vital to
this new development.
Subjects Included
The course includes the following
subjects: theory of aviation, elec-
tronic tubes and circuits, elect-ronics
and radio laboratory, aircraft propul-
sion and a review of calculus and
topics in advanced calculus.
The course is under the supervi-
sion of Prof. Emerson W. Conlon,
chairman of the Department of Aero-
nautical Engineering.
Ci les(_.Re(Is
Continue Gains
In Manchuria
CHUNGKING, April 20 -- t/P_
Chinese Communists encircling Har-
bin declared today they intended to
seize that north Manchurian metro-
polis, which the Government indi-
cated it would not even try to defend.
A Government spokesman said the
situation in Central Manchuria was
"very grave" now that Communist
troops have taken Changchun, the
capital, 150 miles southwest of Har-
bin.
A Communist spokesman warned
that the encircling troops would seize
Harbin when the Russian army pulls
out next Thursday, "if a status of
civil war still prevails in Manchuria"
That would give General Marshall,
special U.S. envoy to China, only five
more days to work out a truce first
between the warring factions.
Marshall was in almost continuous
conferences with both Government
and Communist officials. He had not
scheduled a meeting of his truce
committee of three, which earlier
this year worked out an armistice for
the rest of China outside Manchuria.
A Government spokesman charged
that Communist irregulars already
were 'infiltrating Harbin. He said
the Government had no army forces
in Harbin-only civil officials.

<F-

Slas iin Pastry
Output To Allow
For Wheat Cut
Anticipated Shortage
May Result in Queues
By ANITA FRANZ and
EUNICE MINTZ
Varying comments.made yesterday
by Ann Arbor food dealers indicated
that civilian consumption of bread
will not be drastically affected by the
new government order cutting wheat
deliveries by 25 per cent.
One baker revealed that he had
already cut the weight of each bread
loaf 10 per cent. The new cut in
wheat supply, he believes, can be
absorbed by curtailing production of
pastries.
Complacent View
A rather complacent viewpoint was
taken by one grocer who declared,
"we don't know from day to day about
cuts. Wait and see what God al-
mighty will do next. But we'll do our
part to help the cause."
Prospects of a postwar version of
the queue were presented by a man-
ager of one grocery store who specu-
lated on the possibilities of a daily
line-up of housewives at the bread
counter in anticipation of an early
sell-out.
Further comments in this vein
came from another grocer who said,
"whenever something gets scarce, the
average housewife will run to buy
more than she needs."
Paper Talk'
One incredulous baker said he
thought "the whole thing is a lot of
paper talk."'
Differing views on the availability
of cake flour were expressed by two
grocers. One declared he expects
his stock to be depleted shortly with
no replacements forthcoming, while
another grocer said there should be
plenty of flour now, and as soon as
the southwestern crop is harvested,
there should be enough surplus to lift
the government restriction.
Persons accustomed to dining out
will find less bread served with their
dinners. One proprietor said he plans
to attach a note to his menus asking
people to ration their own bread con-
sumption. In addition, he declared,
"I shall have to serve fewer rolls and
pastries."
Olsen Sandwiches
Another r estaurant owner ex-
pressed hope that he will be able to
continue serving as many sandwiches
as desired. But, he added, "I may
See BREAD, Page 2
Activity Course
To begin Third
Week at Village
The University-sponsored activity
course for Willow Village veterans
and their wives begins its third
week tomorrow with a continuation
of scheduled daily courses.
Mrs. Agnes Stahly, University pub-
lic health nursing instructor, will
lead the child care class at 2 and 8
p.m. tomorrow in the West Court
Community House at Willow Village.
Prof. Claude Eggertsen, of the
School of Education, will lead a dis-
cussion on pressure groups in the
United States at 2 p.m. Tuesday in
the West Lodge office in the weekly
lecture series.
Bridge Wednesday
Bridge at 2 and 8 p.m. will be the
special attraction for veterans' wives
on Wednesday.
Continuing the course in home
planning, Mrs. Adelia M. Beeuwkes
will give the second of a series of
three lectures on "What's New in

Nutrition," at 2 p.m. Thursday.
Dr. Fred G. Stevenson of the Uni-
yersity extension staff will conduct
the leadership class at 2 and 8 p.m.
Friday. The class will consider how
to get democratic group action and
parliamentary procedures,
Social Weekend
rle social weekend at Willow Vil-
lage will be highlighted with a
"square and round dance" at 8 p.m.
Saturday in the West Lodge audito-
rium.
Scheduled for Sunday's program

7W VA. -f, Rndzvus0 0
VA 1C N B#0& .
44
000 harlstonBERMUDA,
C ha r Ic vto
GA - Preliminary5
.: Maneuvers
" Jacksonville . April 19-27
tJ:'Maneuvers
FLA Atlantic :.Ocean
"pX
Miami
e Combat =
CUBA Maneuvers=
May 12-17 --
- "';, : w-
Guantan amo
HATPUERT
WilAchor- R" TTOA
Three Or Four S
Days Here DOMINICAN :Rooseve
ItEPU LC oads /
Caribbean Sea G'UaADELOUPE
MARTINIQUE
Caribbean
M an eu rsB I A ,
Panama r.. a/ ,
Cantli
SCaracas - .TRINIODD
R - Will Anchor
' VENEZUELA Three Or four
SCOtbm Am - Days Here =
PAAM t~ _." 1t
" ' 'rt . / " - G MANA: "

a
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WHERE NAVY WILL HOLD MANEUVERS ... map locates area where
the U.S. Navy will hold the first large-scale maneuvers since the war.
The first of the four stages of the war games started April 19 and will
continue through a five-week period. President Truman will watch car-
rier task force operations Monday and Tuesday during his week's vaca-
tion cruise which starts Easter Sunday.
TWO-Year Curriculum T Grant
Public Administration MA Degree
A two-year curriculum leading to The Institute's curriculum will in-
the degree Master of Public Adminis- hude courses in the School of Busi-
tration will be offered by the Uni- ness Administration, the College of
versity's new Institute of Public Ad- Architecture and Design, the College
ministration starting with the sum- of Engineering, the Law School, the
mer session, Prof. John A. Perkins, political science, economics, sociol-
secretary df the Institute's executive ogy and psychology departments of
committee, announced yesterday, the literary college and interdepart-
Simultaneously, Prof. Perkins told mental seminars.
of large demands for trained admin- Report Required
istrators in federal, state and local An important feature of the curric-
government agencies, including: ulum will be a one-semester "intern-
Jobs Listed ship" in a state or local government
Junior administrative positions agency or in the Bureau of Govern-
filled by competitive examinations or ment.
other merit-system procedures; A report on an administrative
Positions as staff assistants to key Arewralobenrediro e
administrators in many operating de- problem will also be required of de-
partments of government; gree candidates.
Positions in privatenresearch bu- The residence requirement for the,
reaus and quasi-public agencies. MPA degree will be two years, which
Prof. Perkins said that government includes time spent in internship,
agencies are now offering special field work or supervised research.
"preference" provisions for veterans. 'Tailor Made' Programs
Graduate Division Programs will be "tailor made" for
Functioning as a graduate division each student, depending on the par-
of the University, the Institute's ticular branch of public service which
principal degree will be Master of he plans to enter.
Public Administration. The degree Students seeking admission to the
Master of Engineering and Public Institute of Public Administration
Administration will be awarded stu- must meet these requirements:
dents who complete a special pro- 1. Be admitted to the Graduate
gram. School;
The Institute will take over the
former curriculum in public adminis- 2. Have completed courses in his-
tration offered by the Graduate tory,, economics and political science;
School. See INSTITUTE, Page 5
ON THE MALL:
Bewildered Crowds Gaze As
'Object D'Art' Is Uncovered

o Bread Famine Foreseen Here

Federal Offer
Of Bonus May
Induce Rush
Wheat Store Release
Would Ease Shortage
By The Associated Press
CHICAGO, April 20-Americans
may have to cut their consumption
of bread and other wheat products
even more than the 25 per cent ord-
ered by the government unless the
federal bonus inducement brings a
rush of stored wheat from the farms,
milling sources indicated today.
A survey of the government's pro-
gram for a 25 per cent slash in flour
consumption to combat famine in
Europe brought these reactions:
McKenzie Doubtful
1-C. D. McKenzie, president of the
Miller's National Federation, said un-
less farmers release their stores of
wheat it is "extremely doubtful"
sufficient grain would be available
at the mills to produce 75 per cent of
the flour they turned out last year.
2-Dr. Franklin Bing, director of
the American Institute of Baking,
the scientific and educational arm
of the American baking industry,
said the wheat slash probably would
mean a horizontal one-fourth reduc-
tion in all products containing flour.
There was no prospect, he added, that
bread production could be kept up
with a corresponding additional re-
duction in other bakery goods.
Bonus To Succeed
3-Most farmer, milling and grain
trading sources said they believed the
plan for a bonus payment of 30 cents
a bushel would succeed in bringing
stored grain from the farms although
a "wait and see" attitude was taken
by some.
4-Dr. Morris Fishbein, editor of
the Journal of the American Medical
Association, said the slash in wheat
consumption would "do more good
than harm" for the average Ameri-
can. Dr. Fishbein said the nutrition-
al value of wheat products was avail-
able in other foods and that overeat-
ing was an important contributing
factor in shortening longevity after
middle age.
ยข *
Britain To Follow U. S.
Lead in Conserving Wheat
Britain announced last night that
it would enact wheat-saving measures
soon in line with United States ac-
tion, while Canada and Argentina
took steps to increase their food con-
tributions to the world's hungry
peoples.
The announcements by the three
governments followed disclosure of
the six-point program by the United
States undertaken to help meet what
President Truman called history's
greatest threat to mass starvation."
In London, Prime Minister Attlee's
office declared that "His Majesty's
Government are ready to play their
part" along with the United States
in steps to reduce the consumption
of wheat.
Olin Downes
Will Lecture
Olin Downes, music critic of The
New York Times, will discuss "The
Function of Criticism" in a lecture at
8:30 p.m. tomorrow in Rackham Lec-
ture Hall.
From 1906 to 1924 'ownes was
music critic of the Boston Post and
since 1942 has been with the New
York Times.
Downes other publications include
contributions to the Music Quarterly,
Music Review and many other maga-
zines. He also edited "Songs of Rus-
sia" and worked as co-editor with Elie

Siegmeister on the "Treasury of
American Song." He is also well
known for his frequent appearances
on broadcasts of opera and symphony.
Seniors and graduate students in
music who have recently been elect-
ed to Pi Kappa Lambda will be ini-
tiated in the East Conference Room
of the Rackham Building before the
lecture.
Six-Month Sentence

DAY OF WORSHIP:
Ann Arbor's Churches rill Hold
First Peacetime Easter Services

The first peace-time Easter will be
observed in Ann Arbor churches to-
day with specially arranged music
and services. The student religious
groups have also prepared special
programs:
Easter Worship Services will be
held at 9:30 and 11 a.m. in the FIRST
BAPTIST CHURCH. The Ordinance
of Baptism will be observed during
the 9:30 service.
The ROGER WILLIAMS GUILD
will be the guests of the WESLEYAN
GUILD for a supper and social hour
at 6 p.m. in the FIRST METHODIST
CHURCH. At 7 p.m. both Guilds will
hear a vesper service in the Baptist
church, with Lorna Storgaard, Rose
Derderian and Howard Holton as
soloists and Bill Mathis at the organ.
An offering will be taken for student
relief.
A Vesper Service will be held at 4

Resurr(ection liope" at 11. a.m. in
.HRIs'r (IIAI El , W'illow 1,Um.
The R v . C. Si lihoin will dis-
cuss 'Vitory Tl'oug Our Lord
JesusChrst' at the 10:30 a.a. Es
ter Woriup Sergice in the ZiON
LUT IERIAN CIIJUR lt.
"Jesus Lives" will be the topi of
the sermon given by the Rev. Walter
Brandt at 10:30 a.m. in the T IN-
ITY [UTIURAN CHIURCH.
The Easter program of the LUTI.-
ERAN STUDENT ASSOCIATION
will begin at 5:30 p.m. in the parish
hall of the Zion Lutheran Church
with a Fellowship Hour. Supper will
be served and Easter music will be
sung by the student choir, under the
direction of Evelyn Olsen.
During the 9:30- service at
the FIRST CONGREGATIONAL
CH URCII, the Rev. Leonard Parr will
speak on "The If's of Doubt and
Faith." Special Easter music will be

By PHYLLIS KAYE
Small crowds could be seen inter-
mittently gathering on the mall by
the front entrance of the Michigan
League yesterday morning.
A number of those present were
students. They would scrutinize the
object in front of them, walk around
it a few times, then shake their heads,
as if bewildered, and walk away.
Others took pictures or just stared.
The object of all these eyes was
Carl Milles' foundation which was
uncovered and put into operation,
presumably in time for Easter Sun-

Deep Waters," shows Father Triton
and his sons on a holiday excursion
and "was inspired by the sculptor's
memories of boyhood adventures with
his own father and brothers."
Father Triton is holding a shell,
suggestively shaped like a beer jug,
while the youngsters,kundoubtedly
under 21, are empty-handed. Upon
closer inspection, numerous small fish
and other sea creatures can be no-
ticed.
One large king fish with a retinue
of eight smaller fish is sprinkling Fa-
ther Triton from behind, while three
small fish in front of the main sta5tu~e

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