1THE Mf.:;CIIIA (AILY
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NIGHT EDITOR: ANN KUTZ
Editorials published in The Michigan Daily
are written by members of The Daily staff
and represent the views of the writers only.
DESPITE what the GOP may think, far reach-
ing administration in government is here to
When state universities recognize the need for
institutes of public administration, you can be
cetain that administration in government is
being accepted as something other than "bu-
That's just what the University is doing-
recognizing the need for responsible, competent
administrators-the exception rather than the
rule in American government.
University Provost James P. Adams an-
nounced yesterday that a new Institute of
Public Administration has been established
by the Regents, with operation scheduled for
the Summer Session.
Its purposes include, providing for "in service"
training, conducting research on matters of public
interest, and. offering service to state and fed-
eral government agencies.
"In recent years those who are responsible for
the direction of affairs of the government and
the public in general have realized increasingly
the need for highly competent and specially
trained personnel in the public service," Dr.
"Only in this way can we be assured that the
performance of public functions through the
agencies of government will be continuously and
cumulatively effective in the interests of the
people whom they serve," he pointed out.
Under the direction of Dean E. Blythe Stason
of the Law School, Dr. Robert S. Ford, of the
Bureau of Government, and Prof. John A. Per-
kins, of the political science department, the
University Institute, one of the few such institu-
tions in the nation, could become a leading fac-
tor in providing more capable personnel on all
levels of government.
Once having recognized the integral role of a
specially-trained administrative group, educators
in such institutes might well turn to the task of
solving some of the fundamental inconsistencies
which such a group presents in the light of rela-
tively outmoded government practice.
If we're going to have experts, let's treat
them like experts-make them appointive
rather than elective, They should certainly
have a degree of immunity from both intra
and inter-party squabbles.
Even more important, we must recognize our
unworkable separation of powers doctrine will
provide roadblocks for the administrative experts
in almost every phase of his work.
Administration implies what we now consider
semi-legislative and semi-judicial matters. Fail-
ing to recognize this has, and will continue to,
vacuum-pack administrative experts.
HOME prices in Chicago have doubled since
January, 1941. Building costs in Detroit
are up 67% above the 1941 pre-war level A sur-
vey conducted by the Federal Reserve Bank of
Chicago indicates that there is an IMMEDIATE
shortage of 50,000 family units in Chicago, of
20,000 units in Detroit, of 7,500 in Milwaukee,
of 5,000 in Indianapolis, of 2,000 in Des Moines.
I even need a house myself; some of my friends
Any fool can see that this is a national problem
.. they've even begun to see it in Washington.
Leon Henderson has predicted a veterans march
on Capitol Hill if something drastic is not done
to relieve the housing shortage. There are signs
that everyone can see the situation exceptsabout
90% of the nation's builders. They can't see a
This housing shortage has been with us now
since World War I; there are men who have to
shave twice every day but who have never been
able to glance over their shoulder without being
terrified at the persisting presence of that bleak
forbidding specter, THE HOUSING PROBLEM.
During the previous war, as during this one, a
huge backlog demand for housing was built up,
and when the war was over industry fell to the
job with a keen eye for paper profits. By April,
1920, the price of building materials was 219%
over 1914 and then the bottom fell out. A two
year depression followed and then that gay young
floozie inflation enticed us up the primrose path
again and by 1925 rents were 65% above pre-war
levels. Then another depression, then another
war and a bigger back-log of demand for housing.
So it has gone; for 30 years private industry
in the United States has followed a boom or
bust policy, and through it all those of us who
just live in houseshavebeen busted. I known
guys with a wife and child who are desperate
today that they would sign a five-year lease
on a dry culvert.
At the depths of the last depression Presi-
dent Roosevelt estimated that "One-third
of the nation is ill-fed, ill-housed, and ill-
clothed." Today the housing in our country
is even more inadequate than it was at that
time, ten years ago. The National Housing
Agency estimates that 12.5 million non-farm
homes are needed NOW; but the construction
industry has never built even one million
homes in any' one year, and doubts that it
can complete 450,000 units in 1946.
Immediately after V-J Day, the Federal Gov-
ernment, acting on the John Snyder policy of
appeasing the real estate lobby, lifted the order
which had channelled building materials to
those houses which would retail at less than
$8,000. This policy was changed some months
ago when Wilson Wyatt was appointed National
Housing Administrator and formulated a bold,
realistic program under which the country will
build two million houses by January, 1948. The
legislation embodying this housing program of
Wyatt's is now in the House of Representatives,
and already two of its essential features have
been slashed from it. The House decided not to
establish ceiling prices \on existing homes, and
it refused to appropriate the money for sub-
sidies which would have been used to expand
the production of building materials and pre-
The real estate lobby already has its fangs
deep in the flank of Wilson Wyatt's housing pro-
gram, and the labor, veterans, and civic groups
had better save the sheep or they'll all be having
Sunday dinner in that culvert. Friday we will
tell why this program concerns Ann Arbor.
oet?1e to 14,Cdiior
FRANCO SPAIN, the focal point of the world's
fascism, can no longer be tolerated. If we
have learned anything from the bitter experiences
of the last few years, we have learned that we
can never live in peace and "do business" with
Hitlerism. We have learned that it is just as
foolish to sell planes to Franco as it was to sell
scrap iron to the Japanese. We have learned
that we can never aspire to a permanent peace if
we allow an organized gangster mob to pass
itself off as a respectable legal government while
it spreads its evil influence and undermines the
security of peace-loving nations.
With these lessons in mind, we the mem-
bers of the Michigan Youth for Democratic
Action, feel that every possible assistance
should be given to the Spanish people, both
at home and abroad¢ to help them throw off
the fifth column and army of occupation
which still enslaves their country.
In memory of the struggle that took place on
this campus on the part of those "prematurely
anti-fascist" students who rallied support for
the dying struggle of the Spanish Republican
Government, and in memory of our fellow stii-
dents who fought and some of whom died in
this struggle, the Michigan Youth for Demo-
cratic Action is about to launch a campaign to
press for a break in diplomatic relations with
Franco, for the establishment of an economic
embargo on Spain and to encourage our Govern-
ment to cooperate in every way with the govern-
By DREW PEARSON
WASHINGTON-If ther were more men like
Housing Expediter Wilson Wyatt around, Presi-
dent Truman would have easier sailing. The
other day in Chicago. Wyatt was guest seaker
at a banquet of the National Association of Home
Builders, 3,200 strong, all hostile, all prepared
to boo at the man who proposed revolutionary
building reforms in order to complete 3,000,000
homes in two years.
As Wyatt arose, the atmosphere was charged
with hostility. However, he told stories, explained
his program, made no antagonistic statements.
"If you gentlemen are against this program,
then you don't understand it," Wyatt said. "It's
my fault for not making it clear."
After 45 minutes, having won over a con-
siderable part of the audience, he stopped.
Then for 45 minutes more he answered ques-
tions. Every inch of the way he fought for
his program of low-cost housing for veterans.
Finally, when he finished, every builder in the
huge dining room rose to his feet and cheered.
Prior to Wyatt's speech, the National Associa-
tion of Home Builders had adopted a resolution
opposing premium payments of $600,000,000 to
spur housing. Wyatt proposed these premiums to
be paid to manufacturers of building materials
who increased their normal production. The
more they increased production, the greater the
incentive payment they would receive. But the
building industry, wanting increased prices, had
voted emphatically against this plan.
After his speech, however, the Directors of the
home builders reversed themselves and tele-
graphed Congress in support of Wyatt's plan for
incentive payments as a premium to those who
(Ed. Note: Congress turned the plan dow.)
Most amazing thing about the present pressure
on Spain is why the Allies waited so long to bring
it. The secret files of the State Department
reveal that on Jan. 28, 1944, British Ambassador
Lord Templewood (formerly Sir Samuel Hoare)
sent a hot note to Franco giving a detailed list
of German agents and what they were doing
to the Allies.
At this date, the Allies were firmly entrenched
in Africa and Italy, with the Germans in retreat
, and unable to start any fireworks in Spain.
On March 9, 1944, Ambassador Carlton
Hayes, a devout admirer of Franco, finally
got around to forwarding the State Depart-
ment a copy of the British protest. Here are
the German agents listed by the British
whose activities they demanded Franco stop:
1. The chief of the organization in Spain is
Gustav Lenz, a Captain in the German Army.
2. An assistant to Lenz who is valued -for his
Spanish contacts in Madrid is Joaquim Canaris.
3. Another associate of Lenz is Eberhardt
Kieckbusch. This man sends agents to the
United Kingdom and the U. S. A.
4. Hermann Baltzer. This German espionage
agent is believed to be in charge of the coast-
watching organization in which Spanish observ-
ers are employed.
5. Gustav Fock. Directs agents in Barcelon
and North Africa.
6. Hans von Buch. This agent supervises the
transportation of German agents by air routes.
7. Kurt von Rohrscheidt-Directs and operates
spies in Spain.
8. Karl Schwartz von Berg. This agent has
many contacts throughout Spain with Lenz sabo-
tage organizations, and has been particularly
active in the Gibraltar area.
9. Doctor Weiss. This German agent visits
Seville and Barcelona; he is known to specialize
in collecting information on Allied aircraft and
armaments. He directs German agents outside
10. Karl Heinrich Albrecht Grosspaetsch.
Travels in Spain as a Liaison Officer between
various sections of the German Intelligence
11. Dembinsky-a German agent who collects
information from ports in the south of Spain.
12. Fredrich Kreh is a technical specialist and
valued assistant on the Lenz staff.
13. Hermann von Wehckstern directs a net-
work of agents who operate in Lisbon and Bar-
celona; he also obtains military information from
North Africa and has recently been awarded a
decoration by the German government for his
14. Hans Gude is under Lenz in charge of the
Yet the State Department continued sending
oil and cotton to Franco.
(copyright, 1946, by the Bell Syndicate, Inc.)
(Ed. Note: Because of space demands for items
of local interest, the columns of Pearson and
Grafton will be run on a basis of probable reader
interest, only one of them appearing on any
given date unless both are of exceptional in-
ments of Britain and France to isolate this
There will be a meeting at 7:30 Wednesday
in the Union, to organize such a drive. MYDA
invites all those willing to participate to come
and present constructive suggestions and accept
assignments for the campaign.
Publication in the Daily Official Bul-
letin Is constructive notice to all mem-
bers of the University. Notices for the
Buletin should be sent in typewritten
form to the Assistant to the President,
1921 Angel hal, by 3:30 p. m. on the day
preceding publication (11:00 a. m. Sat-
WEDNESDAY, MARCH 6, 1946
VOL. LVI, No. 80
Notice to Veteran:
The U. S. Veterans Administration
is trying to speed up the payment of
subsistence allowance. The Adminis-
tration wants the names of all veter-
ans who were enrolled in the Uni-
versity on February 1 but who have
not yet received a check for February
subsistence. If you are in this group,
will you please report to the Veter-
ans Administration Office, Room 100,
Rackham, on Wednesday, March 6,
from 8:00 a.m. to 3:00 p.m. This is
State of Michigan Civil Service Ex-
aminations closing date is March 20.
Sanatorium Physician III $287.50
Sanatorium Physician IV $373.75
Sanatorium Physician V $460.00 to
Sanatorium Physician VI $603.75 to
We have also received notice of the
following City of Detroit Service An-
Chemistry Aid $2472-$2701
Materials Laboratory Aid $2473-
Sanitary Chemist $2857- $3333
Closing date is April 5.
Student Technical Assistant (Male)
Specialties-Engineering & Busi-
ness Administration $1928-2080
Student Technical Assistant (Male &
Specialties-General Science, Phys-
ical Education, Social Science $1928-
Closing date is April 9.
Junior Accountant $2625-$3095
Semi-senior Accountant $3413-
Senior Accountant $4365-$5079
Closing date is March 13.
Junior Typist $1752-$1980
Intermediate Typist $2169-$2321
Junior Stenographer $2245-$2397
Closing date is April 8.
Junior Welfare Investigator $2245-
Closing date is March 15.
Electrical Inspector $3492-$3809
Refrigeration Inspector $3492-$3809
Closing date is March 5.
For further information, call at the
Bureau of Appointments, 201 Mason
Women students wishing League
House accommodations for summer
or fall of 1946 may now file applici,-
tion in the Office of the Dean of
Women students who were not on
campus during the fall semester and
who wish to apply for dormitory
housing for summer or fall should
call immediately at theOffice of the
Dean of Women for further particu-
Michigan Union Student Book Ex-
change: Will the book collectors for
the Michigan Union Student Book
Exchange please turn in all the out-
standing white cards to the Exchange
offices on the third floor of the Un-
ion before 5:00 p.m. on Friday. These
cards may be left any time from 10:00
to 12:00 and 1:00 to 5:00 today,
Thursday, and Friday.
Undergraduates and graduates in-
terested in summer camp or resort
work may still register for summer
placement with the Bureau of Ap-
pointments and Occupational Infor-
mation, Room 201, Mason Hall.
Women students interested in paid
employment as baby sitters (taking
care of children) are instructed to
sign up at the Office of the Dean of
Women in order to list free hours.
Those who signed up for the fall term
should do so again for the spring
term because of possible change in
Maurice Hindus, noted author and
authority on Russia, will be present-
ed Thursday evening at Hill Audi-
torium by the Oratorical Association
Lecture Course. His subject will be
"How We Can Get Along With Rus-
sia." Mr. Hindus is replacing Ed-
mund Stevens, originally scheduled
for March 5, and season ticket holders
are requested to use the Stevens
ticket for admission. Tickets may be
purchased today from 10-1, 2-5 and
Thursday from 10-1, 2-8:30 at the
Auditorium box office.
Mr. John Coolidge will lecture on
"Architecture in the First American
Industrial Towns" in the Rackham
Amphitheater on Thursday, March 7,
at 4:15 p.m. The public.is cordially
invited. The lecture will be presented
under the Auspices of the Depart-
ment of Fine Arts.
Graduate Students: Preliminary
examinations in French and German
for the doctorate will be held on Fri-
day, March 8, from 4 to 6 p.m. in the
Amphitheatre of the Rackham Build-
ing. Dictionaries may beused.
Anthropology 32 will meet in Room
348, West Engineering instead of An-
Leslie A. White
Biological Chemistry Seminar will
meet on Friday, March 8, at 4:00 p.m.
in Room 319 West Medical Building.
"Hydrogen Sulfide-Biological Pro-
duction and Metabolism." All inter-
ested are invited.
Students in Chemical and Metal-
lurgical Engineering 207, Metals at
High Temperatures, will meet Prof.
J. W. Freeman at 3:00 p.m. on Thurs-
day, March 7, in the Seminar Room,
No. 3201 East Engineering Building.
English 298: My section will meet
Thursday evening, March 7, in Room
3227 Angell Hall.
R. W. Cowden
Freshmen Health Lectures For Men:
It is a University requirement that
all entering freshmen are required tc
take, without credit, a series of lec-
tures in personal and community
health and to pass an examination
on the content of these lectures
Transfer students with freshman
standing are also required to take the
course unlessthey have had a simila
Upper classmen who were here a
freshmen and who did not fulfill th(
requirements are requested to do sc
These lectures are not required o
Te lectures will be given in Room
25, Angell Hall at 5:00 p.m. and re-
peated at 7:30 p.m. as per the follow-
Wednesday, March 6
Thursday, March 7
Monday, March 11
Tuesday, March 12
Wednesday, March 13
Thursday, March 14
Please note that attendance is re-
quired and roll will be taken.
Required Hygiene Lectures For Wom-
All first and second semester fresh-
man women are required to take a
series of hygiene lectures, which are
to be given the second semester. Up-
per class students who were in the
University as freshmen and who did
not fulfill the requirements are re-
quested to do so this term. Enroll foi
these lectures by turning in a class
card at the Health Service, if this waE
not done at the time of regular classi-
fication at Waterman Gymnasium.
Please note that, due to conflicts
with other courses, a third section
(III, meeting Wednesdays) has been
added. Students now enrolled in Sec-
tions I or II may change to Section
III by reporting to Mrs. Bagley at
the Health Service.
Satisfactory completion of this
course (or of P.H.P. 100; elective;
3 hrs. credit) is a graduation require-
I-First Lecture, Mon., March 11,
4:15-5:15, N.S. Aud.
Subsequent Lectures, Successive
Mondays, 4:15-5:15, N.S. Aud.
Examination (Final) Mon., April
22, 4:15-5:15, (To be announced)
II-First Lecture, Tues., March 12,
4:15-5:15, N.S. Aud.
Subsequent Lectures, Successive
Tuesdays, 4:15-5:15, N.S. Aud.
Examination (Final), Tues., April
23; 4:15-5:15, (To be announced)
II-First Lecture, Wed., March 13,
4:15-5:15, N.S. Aud.
Subsequent Lectures, Successive
Wednesdays, 4:15-5:15, N.S. Aud.
Examination (Final), Wed., April
24, 4:15-5:15, (To be announced)
History 12, Section 5a, TuTh, 3:00
p.m., will meet in Room 216, Haven
Hall, instead of in Room E, Haven
History 11, Lecture Group IV,
TuTh, 11:00, will meet in Room 348,
Engineering Building, instead of in
Room C, Haven Hall.
History 12. New sections. Note
Section 3a, TuTh, 11:00, 1018 A H.
changed from 231 A H.
Section 4a, MF, 1:00, 229 A H.
Section 10a, TuTh, 1:00, 229 A H
Section lla, MF, 1:00 Rm. E, H H.
Section 12a, TuTh, 10:00, 2003 N S.
Section 17, MF, 1:00, 2003 N S.
History 12, Section 13, MF, 9:00
changed from Room 101, Econ. Bldg.,
to Room 4082 N S.
History 50; Lecture, TuTh, 10:00_
will meet in Room 1025 A H. instead
of in Room B, Haven Hall.
History 50, Section 8, Th, 2:00,
Room 229 A H.
Political Science' 108 will meet in
Room 205, Mason Hall, hereafter...
Harold M. Dorr
Political Science 272, Administra-
Management, will meet Friday after-
noon in 215 Haven Hall from 3-5.
John A. Perkins
For the student who is underwriting his own
education, the cost of books looms large on the
ledger. In an attempt to help in the solution of
this major problem a Textbook Lending Library
was established on this campus in 1937. Princi-
pally supported by student textbook donations
and alumni financial contributions this library
has performed a continuous and useful service
for students who are partially or completely self-
With the present increased enrollment the
By Crockett Johnson
It's a simple computation, m'boy.
If the express people are up to
A . ...1L - * I I . * I .9a
There's no doubt about it. O'Malley has]
I nl .... nnIomit.F.oI.A., wa.n.. ^f I
A pound heavier than "Gone With The Wind."J