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March 27, 1946 - Image 1

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Publication:
The Michigan Daily, 1946-03-27

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THIRD PARTY
PO SIBILITIES
See Page 2

4F- -jL

Lw 43tU1 A

Iaiti

FAIR,
MILD

VOL. LVI, No. 98 ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, WEDNESDAY, MARCH 27, 1946

PRICE FIVE CENTS

Lewis Calls UMW
Strike for Monday
Mine Operators Claim Steel Production
Will Be Cut Immediately by Walkout

UNO Plans

To Hear Iranian Case

Federal Order Restricts Building

By The Associated Press
WASHINGTON, March 26-John
L. Lewis today signaled the 400,000
members of his United Mine Workers
Union to lay down their tools next
Monday.
Spurning the mine operators' of-
fer of wage increases, he moved to
shut off the nation's bituminous fuel
supply for the second successive year
in a bargaining showdown.
The only chances of averting a
mine shutdown at a time when the
country's production prospects were

t., .
:1

Public Officials
To Consider
Health Needs
Designed to discuss the health
needs of Michigan in relation to pres-a
ent and proposed facilities, the sev-1
enteenth in a series of Conferences
for Public Officials, sponsored by the
School of Public Health, will be hed
today and tomorrow in the audito-
rium of the School of Public Health.-
These conferences aim at stimulat-
ing interest in more full-time health
programs. Planned primarily for the
city, county and district health direc-
tors of Michigan and members of
their health boards and committees,
includingmembers of boards of su-
pervisors, the discussions will deal
with problems of public and com-
munity relations.
Following registration at 9 a.m.,
the conferences will formally begin
with discussions on the economics of
health: first, from the view point of
the public health director, by Dean
Henry F. Vaughn of the School of
Public Health; and second, from the
viewpoint of the public official, by
Mayor Charles H. Leonard of Hast-
ings.
The morning program will be com-
pleted by Provost Jamee P. Adams,
who will extend greetings from the
University.
The afternoon program will fea-
ture group discussions on organizing
and financing the health program. A
contrast between districts, countries,
and cities with full-time health de-
partments will be presented by Roy
Hooper, member of the Board of Su-
pervisiors of Grand Traverse Coun-
ty, Otto K. Engleke, Health Director
of Washtenaw County, and L. V.
Burkett, Genesee County Health Di-
rector, respectively.
Carole Landis
Asked to Dance
Invited To Reign as
Queen of Veterans' Ball
Carole Landis, film star, has been
invited by the Veterans Organiza-
tion to reign as Queen of the Feather
Merchants Ball, which will be held
from 9 ,p.m., to 1 a.m. Friday in the
Intramural Building.
According to Max Kogen, dance
committee member, "Miss Landis
did more than any other woman to
entertain servicemen during the
war." She spent many months visit-
ing troops both in this country and
overseas, and recently made a mo-
tion picture, "Four Jills in a Jeep,"
concerning her travels overseas en-
tertaining troops.
The Veterans Organization has re-
ceived a reply from her secretary, and
is awaiting a final answer from Miss
Landis. "Miss Landis is now in New
York and I do not know her plans or
how busy she is, but I have forward-
ed the letter to her. If it is at all pos-
sible I know Miss Landis would like
to attend, and I am sure that she
will answer you as soon as she re-
ceives your letter," her secretary an-
nounced.
The Feather Merchants Ball is a
semi-formal all-campus affair, fea-
turing the music of Ray Anthony and
his band. Tickets may be purchased
at the Union, League, and on the
diagonal.
"In order to keep expenses down
and to prevent embarrassment to
others, the committee has decided
that there will be no corsages worn at
the Feather Merchants Ball," Bill
Short, chairman, said.
French Film To Be

the brightest in months lay in the
thin hope of an agreement in the few
days left for negotiation, or in possi-
ble government intervention.
Steel Production Endangered
Operators said steel production---
only recently resumed after a lengthy
strike-would be affected "immedi-
ately" by a coal stoppage. Some
steel mills would be forced to close
within 10 days, the coal men said.
The operators said they had vir-
tually assured Lewis' AFL miners a
wage increase equal to the 181 cents
an hour granted to the CIO steel-
workers and auto workers, but that
they had rejected the "principle" of
a royalty to go to a health and wel-
fare fund. They also declined to give
federal mine inspectors' safety rec-
ommendations precedence over the
state mining laws.
Government May Intervene
Possibility that the government
might step in again as it did last year
to end an 11-day shutdown was seen
in the announcement of Howard T.
Colvin, associate director of the
United States Conciliation Service,
that "the government will now inter-
est itself in the case."
After rejecting the operators' offer,
Lewis served formal notice that the
present contract will be terminated
as -of midnight Sunday. The con-
tract, negotiated last year, was to
run indefinitely, but can be ended by
either the union or the operators.

Lewis To View
Public Speaking
~Business Asset'

Vets To Benefit
From New Rule
On Construction
National Approval (or
All Activity Is Required
By The Associated Press
WASHINGTON, March 26-A na-
tion-wide network of 71 federal of-
fices was created tonight to admin-
ister a sweeping new order restricting
many building activities so scarce
materials can be channelled into
lower cost homes for veterans.
A Civilian Production Administra-
tion order, effective immediately, re-
quires advance federal approval for
all types of construction-dwellings,
industrial and commercial building
and repairs; all except small jobs.
Swiftly following this move to free
the materials for veterans housing,
CPA announced that all new con-
struction field offices were expected
to be opened not later than Thurs-
day.
The CPA forbids the start of con-
struction unless each new store, fac-
tory or dwelling is approved in ad-
vance by one of the CPA offices. This
means that factories and expensive
homes may be banned wherever the
materials are needed to provide shel-
ter for homecoming servicemen and
their families.
A CPA official said he expected
that "not much material would be
left" for luxury-type homes, in view
of the expected demand for those
costing $10,000 or less and renting for
$80 or less-the type of dwelling now
granted priority on materials.
The clamp-down was similar in
many respects to the wartime con-
trols over non-essential building. Al
most simultaneously with its issu-
ance, a $253,000,000 housing appro-
priation bill reached the floor of the
House, which passed it almost unani-
mously and sent it to the Senate.
'U' Seeks Rulung
On CPA Order
The University is awaiting an in-
terpretation of the Civilian Produc-
tion Administration's order as to
whether it can go ahead with its pro-
gram of dormitory and classroom
building construction, a University
spokesnman said yesterday.
Since the CPA's order is aimed
specifically at aiding veterans, the
University probably will be permitted
to complete its program, which is de-
signed to provide additional facilities
for veterans, the spokesman said.
Contracts for the General Service
Building, the Chemistry Building ad-
dition, the East Engineering Build-
ing addition and the new School of
Business Administration were ap-
proved March 15.
Sell-Out Registered
For Marriage Talks
All tickets for the series of five
lectures on marriage relations were
sold before noon yesterday.
Opening lecture will be given at
8:15 p.m. April 2 in Rackham Audi-
torium by Dr. Ernest G. Osborne of
Columbia University, who will discuss
"The Historical Background of Mar-
riage.
Government Rally
The campus-wide campaign for
student government will be accel-
erated with a planning meeting
for all interested students at 5
p.m. today in the League.
Students who wish to help with
publicity measures for the April
student government elections are
especially invited.

I

Election Today
Will End UAW
ExecutiveRc
ConIventionl Decides 1
To Raise Dues to $1.50
ATLANTIC CITY, N. J., March 26
-(I)-The United Auto Workers
(CIO) convention was tense tonight
on the eve of the election in which
delegates will choose between incum-
bent R. J. Thomas and challenger
Walter P. Reuther for presidency of
the organization.
Two thousand delegates will cast
about 8,000 votes tomorrow morning,
climaxing the intra-union political
battle that has dominated the con-
vention and at times interfered with
session proceedings. Votes are ap-
portioned according to size of local
unions.
The delegates took time out today
from the battle to raise dues from $1
to $1.50 a month, effective in May,
after defeating a previous proposal for
$2 a month dues. George Addes, sec-
retary-treasurer who is backing
Thomas for re-election, favored the
$2 dues.
A proposal made at the convention
to give the original Detroit Graham-
Paige Local 142 jurisdiction at Kais-
er-Frazer Corporation in Michigan
was voted down.
But the presidential battle was up-
permost concern of the union leaders,
as whispering sessions were held in
corridors and supporters claimed
margins for both candidates,
Reuther followers said he would
win by 900 to 1,000 votes. Those in
Thomas' camp said he would carry
the election by 700 ballots,
Backers of Reutler kept up a
hand bill canipai gn. Anti 'Ih omas
leaflets dernanded "is lie afraid of the
facts?"--referring to Thomas' refusal
to debate with Reuther on the con-
vention floor.
Judiciary Council
Petitions Dute Today
Petitions for the positions of presi-
dent and secretary of the Men's Judi-
ciary Council are due at noon today
in the Dean of Students Office, ac-
cording to Charles Walton, retiring
president.
All men of junior or senior stand-
ing, not graduating in June and oth-
erwise eligible for extra-curricular
activities, are eligible to petition for
either of the two offices.
The applicant's qualifications and
ideas to be used in office should be
included in all petitions, in addition
to eligibility cards,

Russia Will Probably Get Oil
Concessions in Iran - Slosson

CHATTING WITH LEADERS OF THE CIO United Auto Workers after addressing the UAW convention in
Atlantic City, N.J., is CIO President Philip Murray. Shown left to right are; Walter Reuther, UAW Vice
President; Richard Frankensteen, UAW Vice President; Murray, and R. J. Thomas, UAW President. Mur-
ray praised Thomas, who is engaged with Reuther in a battle for the UAW Presidency.

LEROY LEWIS

The Soviet Union will probably ob-F
tain concessions in Iran, Prof. Prestonh
Slosson of the history department
predicted yesterday.
Commenting on Russia's pledge toe
evacuate her troops from the area,n
Prof. Slossbn indicated that Iran will
be willing to "play ball" to a certain
extent, so long as her independencer
is not threatened. Other-" powers will
only seek to make the negotiatnons
"a matter of public record, to prevent
Council Delaysr
Action Against
RegentsBoard 1
The Ann Arbor City Council, in a
special meeting last night, decided to
waiver action until the report of the
council's University committee is
heard at its meeting April 6 on the
case pending against the Board of1
Regents seeking to force its assump-
tion of partial costs of the city's op-
erational expenses.
This action came after a lengthy
plea by a local attorney for action on.
the council's part in requesting from
the state courts a clarification of the
city's position under Acts of 1929 and
1937 granting local municipalities
the authority to make contracts with
state institutions for use of a city's
services.
The present issue arose when one
local taxpayer brought suit against
the state to make it responsible for
payment of taxes on the 60 million
dollar holdings of the University in
Ann Arbor in partial compensation
for fire, and other city services.
The council also decided to submit
to the voters of Ann Arbor at the next
general election in November a plan
for pension retirement of all city
employees. The plan, in the forma-
tion of which Prof. H. C. Carver of
the Mathematics Dept. played a for-
mative role, will be amended as di-
rected by the council before it is to go
before the voters in its final form.
One of the amendments adopted
was a provision for raising funds for
the execution of the pension system
by a special two mill assessment on
general property taxation.
The council also decided to award
$10,000 for refund payments on prop-
erty taxes paid by veterans of World
War II. Payments of these refunds
will begin. as soon as proceedural di-
rections are received from Lansing.

"Public Speaking as a Business As-
set will be discussed by Leroy Lewis,
educational director of ttpe American
Institute of Banking at the speech
assembly at 4 p.m. today in Lydia
Mendelssohn Theatre.
An educator and banker, Mr. J~wis
has been an instructor in public
speaking and debalte at Duke tUniver-
sity and at the University of Wichita,
secretary of the North Carolinas
Bankers Association and a faculty
member of the North Carolina Bank-
ers Conference. Mr. Lewis also taught
adult classes sponsored by the North
Carolina State Department of Edu-
cation.
"He is a young man who is really
going places," Prof. Densmore, chair-
man of the speech department, said.
Mr. Lewis earned his masters degree
in speech from the University after
having graduated from Oklahoma
City University. While instructing at
Duke, he was induced by bankers and
other North Carolina businessmen
into their fields.
Mr. Lewis served as business man-
ager and book reviewer of the South-
ern Speech Journal, and contributed
articles to the "Bulletin of the Ameri-
can Institute of Banking" and the
"Tarheel Banker."

Russia from going back on her word,"
hc said.i
Soviet stipulation that the troop
withdrawal will proceed "barring un-
expected developments probably -
means that "Russia wants to reserve
the right to change her mind," he ex-
plained "in case the Iranian govern-1
ment turns out to be unfriendly."
Principal motive behind Russia's1
interest' in Iran, Prof. SlossonC
stressed, is' strategic as well as eco-E
nomic,, based on a desire.to "leep tk.f
oil behind a line of defense, so that
no one else can get it." This is tied
up with her general policy in Eastern
Europe to surround herself with pro-
Russian buffer states, he said..
"While it is most reassuring that
Russia is evacuating Iran," Prof.
Slosson warned, "this does not neces-
sarily remove all danger. Wars are
sometimes deliberately brought on,
as by Germany and Japan in World
War II, but more commonly they
arise from a general state of tension
culminating in some accidental war-
like incident."
MYDATo Begin
Fight on Spain
Petitioners Will Urge
Break in All Relations
MYDA petitioners, urging sever-
ance of economic and diplomatic re-
lations with Spain, will be stationed
in front of the library and Angell
Hall today with information explain-
ing why the United States should
break with Franco.
Member of the Lincoln Brigade,
which was composed of Americans
who fought fascist Spain during the
civil war, and former editor of The
Daily, Bob Cummins, who will speak
at a cultural program at 7:30 p.m.
today at the Union, indicated that
the fight against Franco was begun by
Michigan students in 1936 when they
foresaw the dangers of fascistic vic-
tory in Spain.
Records of the Lincoln Brigade
and a movie depicting the life of
Spanish refugees in exile, "The Heart
of Spain," will be featured tonight
on MYDA's program which will be
followed by a party at 730 Haven Hall
Saturday night.
Alec Templeton
To Play Friday
Alec Templeton's own ' improvisa-
tions will highlight the program of
the famed blind pianist when he is
presented in a special concert by the
University Musical Society at 8:30
p.m. Friday in Hill Auditorium.
Templeton interprets the great
composers both seriously and satir-
ically, but is best known for his vocal
mimicries and his improvisations. He
has toured western Europe in con-

Committee
To Decide
Procedure
By The Associated Press
NEW YORK, March 26 - The
Jnited Nations Security Council vot-
d today to hear the Iranian-Russian
-ase at its current meeting.
Then, faced by an implied threat
rom Russia to walk out of the meet-
ng, it turned over to a subcommittee
he question of just when and how
.he Iranian government would be
weard here.
U. S. Secretary of State James F.
Byrnes, Soviet Ambassador Andrei
A. Gromyko and French Ambassa-
or Henri Bonnet were named to
-he group, which was ordered to re-
port to the Security Council at 3
.m. tomorrow.
Subcommittee Named
The decision to name a subcom-
rnittee to consider at least three pro-
posals affecting procedure in the
ranian case climaxed hours of ar-
ument over Russia's proposal that
the hearing be postponed until April
10.
It came soon after Gromyko flatly
declared that he would be unable
to participate in any discussion of
the su'bstance of the Iranian situ-
ation before April 10. This was be-
ieved by some observers to be a
threat to refuse to attend any session
at which Hussein Ala, the Iranian
ambassador to the United States,
might be asked to speak.
Still at Odds
Byrnes led the argument for hear-
ing now what Iran wants to say.
Hussein Ala maintained after the
six-hour Council session that he was
in constant communication with his
government and that there had been
no hint of any agreement with the
Russians.
"I still am under instructions to
protest to the United Nations Se-
curity Council the continued prs-
ence of Russian troops in Iran," he
told the Associated Press.
"I have been instructed by my
government to protest any postpone-
ment of prompt, consideration of our
case by the Council."
Russian Agreement
The Soviet delegate earlier had
told the Council - with the Iranian
ambassador sitting in the spectator's
gallery - that Russia and Iran had
concluded an agreement for the
withdrawal of Red Army troops from
Iran and that all would be evacu-
ated within five or six weeks "unless
unforeseen circumstances should a-
rise."
Secretary Byrnes vigorously op-
posed any postponement of the issue
without giving Iran a chance to be
heard. He pounded the Council table
as he pressed home his contention
that to postpone the case without
hearing Iran would be a violation of
the charter.
The United States and Great Brit-
ain won their battle to bring the
Russian-Iranian case before the Se-
curity Council when the world peace
agency decided by a 9 to 2 vote to
place the question upon its agenda.
Soviets Move
North in Iran
TEHRAN, March 26-~(/) - An
Iranian general staff officer said to-
.day Soviet troops in Iran were con-
tinuing their movement northward
toward Russia, but as yet there have
been no reports, official or unofficial,
that Red Army troops actually have
crossed the Iranian border into the
Soviet Union.
Official Iranian reports reaching
here indicated, meanwhile, that a

column of Russian combat troops
which marched into the Kurdish sec-
tion of southern Azerbaijan two weeks
ago had deployed to positions which
might be looked upon as potentially
supporting tribesmen's attack on
Iranian garrisons nearby.
These reports added, however, that
the Soviet troops had "made no move
toward joining the Kurdish action."
Some observers here speculated the
Russians might withdraw only as far
as the southern Azerbaijan border,
and then attempt to support such a
decision by contending that the prov-
ince, controlled by the self-pro-
claimed autonomous Azerbaijan gov-
erment, no longer is part of Iran.
IRA Council Will

INDIANA U'If P] SE NOTE:
'It's a Matter of Ethics, Blast It'

By PERRY LOGAN
"Its a matter of ethics, blast it,
pure and simple ethics, and I'll not
have it," Joe Walker, erstwhile genial

fierday arrived in the building.
"Hmm?" I asked, only mildly inter-
ested. "That magazine you're read-
ing," Walker blustered back. "Look
. if-"

Vebruary is-sue of the Gargoyle,"
'Eh, what's that?" I said, sitting
upright with a. start. I dusted off my
"Code of the Press' manual. "Say that
aaai 111

-Walker
this same Indiana Date they have
reproduced a cartoon drawn spe-
cifically for the Gargoyle by Bob
Chapin. Again, they have neglected
to cred~it either the Gamo~vle or

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