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November 06, 1945 - Image 4

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The Michigan Daily, 1945-11-06

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he irhi gan Bai'g.
Fifty-Sixth Year
Edited and managed by students of the University of
Michigan under the authority of the Board of Control
of Student Publications.
Editorial Staff
Ray Dixon . . . . . . . . . . Managing Editor
Robert Goldman . . . . . . . . . City Editor
Betty Roth . . . . . . . . . . Editorial Director
Margaret Farmer . . . . . . . . Associate Editor
Arthur J. Kraft. .........Associate Editor
Bill Mullendore. . . . . . . . . . Sports Editor
Mary Lu Heath . . . . . . Associate Sports Editor
Ann Schutz . . . . . . . . . . Women's Editor
Dona Guimares . . . . . Associate Women's Editor
Business Staff
Dorothy Flint.. . . . . . . .As.Business Manager
Joy Altman. ... ......sociate Business Mgr.

Will Youth Training Promote Lasting Peace?



THE CASE against peacetime conscription is as
weak as were the armed forces with which
we faced Germany and Japan on Dec. 7, 1941.
Most educators and religious leaders would
leave the task of securing world peace to edu-
cation. As President Ruthven told the Univer-
sity Press Club last week: "If we would make
available a small fraction . . . of the, cost of
the last war for education . . . the dangers
of wars . . . could be greatly minimized."
This is a lofty and commendable ideal, but
it is certainly unattainable in the lifetimes of
those who are expounding it-perhaps even
in the lifetimes of our 'teen age youth, who
will be conscripted or educated or both. Sup-
pose we could give a majority of the Ameri-
can people a college education (which we
can't). But suppose some other nation has
decided to remain "illiterate" and to concen-
trate instead on building a whopping big
army and navy. All the brotherly love we had
gained from our education wouldn't do us
much good.
Whether we like it or not, we are, of necessity,
committed to a policy of peace byforce.. We
committed ourselves when we signed the United
Nations Charter at San Francisco. If aggression
breaks out anywhere in the world, the United
Nations are pledged to band together to suppress
it. That means armies and navies.
EDUCATORS have asked: do we need large
armed forces, now that we have the atomic
bomb? These same educators are also alive to
the possibility of other nations discovering the
secret and using atomic warfare against us.
They reason that we should train a relatively

small number of scientists and technicians to
use the bomb and to develop a defense against it.
Atomic scientists have stated that the atomic
bomb will be no secret within five years and that
discovery of a defensive weapon, if such be possi-
ble, is many years in the offing. It is then reas-
onable to assume that every great power will
have atomic weapons at its disposal but will be
reluctant to use them, knowing the terrible retal-
iation that can be unleashed upon itself. The
fact that more than one nation will have the
bomb will cause it to be cancelled out as was
poison gas, and large armies and navies will still
be important factors.
'HERE IS also the question of militarism. Ed-
cators fear that conscription will develop
"dangerous attitudes" in our youth. But advo-
cates of conscription propose no large standing
army or navy. Our young men would be trained
for a year and then be returned to civilian life,
where they would become part of a large reserve
force to be called up only in case of national
emergency. Consider also the Americans who
served in the war just finished. They did not
like being drilled and regimented and dressed
down by their superiors. Most certainly they
did not like going into battle. America's vet-
erans hated military life, but they' did the job
that had to be done. Is it probable that suc-
ceeding generations will be different?
Education is the ultimate answer to world
peace. Some day it will break down the bar-
riers of nationalism, and we shall have our
"One World." But the goal is too distant.
In the meantime the security of this nation
cannot be entrusted to pleasant dreams of a
future Utopia.
-Clayton L. Dickey

Telephone 23-24-1

._- _-


Member of The Associated Press

The Associated Press is exclusively entitled to the use
for re-publication of all news dispatches credited to it or
otherwise credited in this newspaper. All rights of re-
publication of all other matters herein also reserved.
Entered at the Post Office at Ann Arbor, Michigan, as
second-class mail matter.
Subscriptions during the regular school year by car-
rier, $4.50, by mail, $5.25.
Member, Associated Collegiate Press, 1945-46

E ditorials published in The Michigan Daily
are written by members of The Daily staff
and represent the views of the writers only.


Opposition Rises in Congress.


EDITOR'S NOTE: This issue will be debated by Prof.
Preston Slosson and Dr. Clark Hopkins at 4:10 p.m.
Thursday in Rackham Amphitheatre.
P ALESTINE has been in the news a lot lately.
Almost daily outbreaks of fighting between
Jews and Arabs and between Jews and British
troops are reported. The reason for these little
wars are usually left obscure.
But the shooting is for a reason, for the old
basic reason that the Jews want Palestine for
their homeland and the British and the Arabs
do not want them to have it. That the fighting
is more frequent now is the result of the ag-
gravated conditions left by the war, and the
ever more apparent fact that the time for deci-
sion is at hand.
The Germans only succeeded in exterminat-
ing six million Jews. By some slip-up, one
and one half million were left in Europe.
These one and one half million Jews, still
living in hideous camps as Earl Harrison re-
ported, will not return to their native homes
in Europe.
They have lost all their material possessions
to the Germans and the collaborationists.. They
know that defeat did not make the beaten
Germans and their satelites forget their race
doctrines. And they know that they could not
live in places where they would be haunted by
the memories of their friends and families who
were tortured and exterminated there.
These people are going to emigrate. Palestine
is the only place they can go. And they'll go
there, with or without British entry certificates.
People who survived the German methods of
the Hitler era will not be scared by British
agents and legal malarky.
It all means that Palestine will have to be
opened to all European Jews. And that entails
recognizing Palestine as a Jewish state, a
step obviously opposed by the British and the
The British have various reasons. They want
to keep their pie in Palestine because they want
to keep Russia from penetrating too far, in the
Middle East. The British seem terrorized by
the absurd bogey of a warm Soviet-Arab rela-
tionship. The British want to keep Russia land
locked. And, of course, Britain is not interested
in losing control of any territory. Attlee, as
did Churchill, does not appear to be Prime Mini-
ster for the purpose of witnessing the liquida-
tion of the British Empire.
As for Arab opposition, it must be considered,
although it doesn't stack up very well when com-
pared ~to the reasons for waving it aside. The
Arabs don't want to surrender even a portion
of Palestine to the Jews. But it must be re-
membered that Palestine represents only one per
cent of the total Arab states. The Jews have no
other states. It must also be taken into account
that the Jews suffered more during, and be-
fore, this war than any other people. The
Arabs contributed nothing in this war, unless
it was to the other side. Yet the petty, oligar-
chic, Arab institutions receive support; plenty
of bribes are tossed their way. And it's all
because of geo-politics and empire maintenance.
The problem of the Jews and Palestine is
now a moral question. It is tragic that it has
become a football of power politics. Letting
a few Jews and Arabs kill each other every day
and hoping that it will all blow over is no

THE RELATION between Mr. Truman and
Congress has firmed up remarkably since he
attacked two House committees in his speech of
last Tuesday evening. There are speeches about
the President now being made on the floor of
the House, with Democrats, generally, support-
ing him and Republicans, generally, opposing
him; and, somehow this seems healthier than the
previous period of yawning indifference, in which
almost nothing was ever said and in which almost
nothing was ever done.
Party discipline has been restored, to a cer-
tain extent. When one Republican represent-
ative attacked the President bitterly, and in
rather extreme. terms, for his speech, cries of
"Shame!" rose from the Democratic side. There
is a wholesome opposition of wills again in
the House, instead of deathly silence.
Strangely enough it is the Republican mem-
bers, mostly, who are defending the Ways and
Means Committee, which has been sitting on
the unemployment compensation bill, and the
Executive Expenditures Committee, which has
been holding down the full employment bill.
Strange, because this Congress is a Democratic
Congress, organized by Democratic majorities
in both houses, and the Democratic party is sup-
posedly responsible for the decisions of House
Committees, on each one of which it has an
official majority. Nothing could show more
clearly how both parties had drifted together,
into a joint policy' of saying little and doing
nothing, than the fact that it is the minority
party which is defending the majority's record.
BUT NOW the atmosphere is changing; Sec-
retary of the Ti easury Vinson, appeasing be-
fore the Executive Expenditures Committee on
behalf of full employment, does not hesitate to
say, to the committee's chagrin, that he has
observed "a 'leetle' sign of a filibuster." That is
pressure; and there is talk of an effort to obtain
218 signaturet to a petition to force the unem-
ployment compensation bill out of the hands of
Ways and Means; and that, too, is pressure.
There is now a fight between Congress and
the President, and while fights are not to be
adored for their own sakes, at least it can be
said that a quarrel is a sort of relationship,
and a sturdier one than the previous stand-
off, in which most of Congress admired Mr.
Truman, and, with very few exceptions, ignor-
ed him.
The results can be seen at once. Mr. Mon-
asco, the head of one of the committees on which
the President put the finger, says that all
chances of getting a full employment bill have
been destroyed by the Presidential attack; in
other words, the committee involved now has a
new reason for not doing what it never intended
to do. But the committee will find it had to
convince the country that it is proper to bottle
up an important piece of legislation in order to
punish a presidential remark; Mr. Truman's at-
tack has made it inevitable that the issue must
sooner or later go to the floor, to be decided
on its merits.
We may still decide on drift as our national
economic policy; we may decide against a full
employment bill, and against wider unemploy-
ment compensation; but if it is to be drift,
Congress is going to have to vote for drift;
It is not going to be allowed to drift into drift.
And so we enter a new political phase; we
are going to have to look at our problems; an
informal agreement not to look at them has

been shattered. It is a stunning affirmation
of democratic process to see Mr. Truman, him-
self an ex-Senator, a declared friend of Con-
gress, a man of conservative mind, compelled,
even thou h he be a reluctant dragon, to take
up the issie, and to make government debate
reflect popular anxiety. He is going to taste
bitter opposition, for the first time, but he is
going to taste approval, too; a. tart mixed
drink, but not a bad one, not nearly as bad
as the hemlock of indifference.
(Copyright, 1945, N. Y. Post Syndicate)
SCurent ov ies
Robert Cummings and Lizabeth Scott in
"You Came Along"; Paramount picture di-
rected by John Garrow; produced by Hal G.
At the Mlichigan
DRAMA is drama and comedy is comedy and
never the twain shall meet in "You Came
Along." Comedy-drama are seemingly the most
difficult of films for Hollywood to produce, be-
cause the ingredients seem eternally incompat-
ible. In "You Came Along" the problem has
been solved in rather elementary fashion by de-
voting the first half of the film to the comedy
and the last half to the drama. Because the
comedy is genuinely amusing and the drama is
well-performed, you'll enjoy the film immensely,
but you'll be confused as to what the overall
effect is supposed to be.
The story concerns three war heroes who go on
a war bond tour under the watchful eye of a
gorgeous blonde from the Treasury Department.
Things are highly amusing until the chaperon
discovers that the member of the trio she has
fallen in love with is dying of an incurable
disease. From there on in, drama takes over.
-"You Came Along" has been beautifully
performed by one of the year's most competent
casts, although there is not a top-flight star
in it. Lizabeth Scott and Don deFore are
both especially likeable performers, and Rob-
ert Cummings is possibly the best wolf the
movies have yet presented.
George Raft, Claire Trevor and Hoagy Car-
michael in "Johnny Angel"; an RKO pro-
At the State
Face-lift and toupee in place, the venerable
George Raft totters forth once again to do cine-
matic battle. The occasion is one of those atmo-
spheric melodramas called "Johnny Angel" (it's
odd, but whenever a film is named Johnny any-
thing, like "Johnny Eager" or "Johnny Apollo,"
you can be sure you're in for two hours of shady
characters lurking picturesquely in convenient
doorways). This time around, we have an adul-
teration of "Hamlet" in which a Merchant Ma-
rine officer avenges his dead father in old New
Orleans. One idly wishes Mr. Raft had enough
annuities to retire on. It's becoming a distinct
obligation going to see his pictures.
In the supporting cast the always-attract-
ive Claire Trevor and the always-welcome
Hoagy Carmichael stir up some moments of
fleeting interest, but on the whole this is
something you've been through before.

before the University Press Club
meetings Thursday, described very
clearly one of the foremost reasons
why the United States should not be
subjected to a statute demanding
forced military training for its youth.
Both the advocates and oppo-
nent of compulsory military train-
ing, it seems, have one final view in
mind. They desire primarily that
the United States live peacefully
and in harmony with its fellow na-
tions around the globe. They differ
only in their attitude as to how best
to accomplish this goal.
The only valid reason thus far ad-
vanced by those who favor peacetime
conscription is that conscription will
give us a large standing army, and
with a large standing army we will
not only be prepared immediately to
resist any outside aggression but we
will materially discourage any for-
eign power from even attempting to
violate our desire for peace.
Their thesis is that the way to
halt aggression is through fear.
My point is that the same desire
can be accomplished much more
easily and effectively through
T O RAISE and maintain a large
standing army gives the lie to
any professed American desires for
world peace. It is a slap in the face
to those whom we cheerily call our
friends. Were there danger of ag-
gression from some potent foreign
power, there might be justification for
a large standing army at home. But
what nation would start aggression
against us? Russia perhaps. Great
Britain perhaps. Not Germany; not
Japan; not Mexico; not Bulgaria; not
There are only two nations in the
entire world that could even seriously
consider the possibility of engaging
the United States in war. And hap-
pily, those two powers are very great
friends of this nation. We have no
irreconcilable differences with either
of them. For many months these
three natidns in particular have taken
great pains to sign their names to
documents for international peace.
By raising the large army that
conscription would bring, we plain-
ly indicate that we do not trust
our friends. We plainly show that~
we have little if any faith in their
signed pledges, that we refuse to
take seriously their proffered hands
of friendship.
To raise a "protective" army
through military conscription would
be the most isolationist act the United
States has ever pulled. It will be
direct evidence that the United States
is interested in world co-operation
only insofar as the United States has
the top hand. It will co-operate in
this international scheme of give and
take only if it does not have to give
any part of itself.
There is no need for military
training, distasteful at best, and its
resulting large army if the United
States believes in the committments
it and its partners in world peace
have made. Solving occasional con-
flicts between nations is not a job
for the military,but rather a job
for the best intellects of our diplo-
matic corps.
IT IS the essence of the United Na-
tions group that, through their
mutual diplomatic efforts, conflicts
which lead to wars will be successfully
resolved at the mediation table, long
before they ever have a chance to
develop into armed clashes. It is our
purpose now not to strengthen the
military, but to give added encour-
agement and enthusiasm to our dip-
lomatic staff and all other organiza-
tions that seek to promote interna-
tional friendship through mutual
understanding of varying cultures.

Should, in spite of this accent on
verbal problem-solving, some nation
resort to aggression, that aggression
should be stopped not by the army of
the country being intimidated, but
rather by a world force composed of
the soldiers of all nations, and not
dominated by any one nation-a
world force whose only function is
to keep the world peace.
Such a force could easily be
maintained on a purely voluntary
basis and its cosmopolitan make-
up and direction would remove all
stigma of personal isolation and
self-centered fear of our neigh-
bors that would inevitably be pres-
ent when any one nation attempted
to increase its military might. It
would instead plunge us more deep-
ly into the sphere of international
co-operation beyond boundary lines,
the policy to which we and most of
the world have committed ourselves.
-Ray Shinn

Publication in the Daily Official Bul-
letin is constructive notice to all mem-
bers of the University. Notices for the
Bulletin should be sent in typewritten
form to the Assistant to the President,
1021 Angell Hall, by 3:30 p. m. of the day
preceding publication (11:00 a. m. Sat-i
VOL. LVI, No. 5
Special Book Sale to Faculty-For
one week only, Nov. 3 to Nov. 10, the
University of Michigan Press is offer-
ing to the Faculty an opportunity to
buy, at very low prices, certain books
which have been declared excess
stock. A list of titles included in
this group will be placed in the hands
of all department heads and may be
consulted in the departmental office,
or copies of the lists may be obtained
at the Information Desk in the Uni-
versity Business Office. The books
themselves may be examined and pur-
chased at the University Press Sales
Office, 311 Maynard Street, or may
be ordered by phone, University Ex-
tension 616. The offer will be with-
drawn at the expiration of the desig-
nated time.
To Deans, Directors, Department
Heads and Other Responsible for Pay-
rolls: Payrolls for the Fall Term are
ready for your approval. Please call
at Room 9, University Hall, begin-
ning Nov. 8 and not later than Nov.
Urgent need for Dailies to send to
boys in service.
Mrs. Buchanan, Museums
Fraternity presidents of groups
which formerly maintained houses
should apply to the Office'of the Dean
of Students for blanks on which to
list current membership.
House Directors and Social Chair-
men are reminded that requests for
social events must be filed in the
Office of the Dean of Students not
later than the Monday before the
event for which approval is requested.
It. should be accomplished by written
acceptance from two sets of approved
chaperons and, in the case of frater-
nities and sororities, by approval from
the financial adviser. Approved cha-
perons may be 1) parents of active
members or pledges, 2) professors,
associate professors or assistant pro-
fessors, or 3) couples already approv-
ed by the Committee on Student Af-
fairs. A list of the third group is
available at the Office of the Dean
of Students.
Eligibility Certificates for the
Fall Term may be secured imme-
diately if the last report of grades is
brought to the Office of the Dean of
Student Organizations which wish
to be reapproved for the school year
.1945-46 should submit a list of their
officers to the Office of the Dean of
Students. Any group which is not so
registered will be considered inactive.
Participation in Public Activities.
Participation in a public activity is
defined as service of any kind on a
committee or a publication, in a pub-
li performance or a rehearsal, or in
holding office or being a candidate
for office in a class or other student
organization. This list is not intend-
ed to be exhaustive, but merely is
indicative of the character and scope
of the activities included.
Certificate of Eligiblity. At the be-
ginning of each semester and summer
session every student shall be conclu-
sively presumed to be ineligible for
any public activity until his eligibility
is affirmatively established by ob-
taining from the Chairman of the
Committee on Student Affairs, in the
Office of the Dean of Students, a
Certificate of Eligibility.. Participa-
tion before the opening of the first

semester must be approved as at any
other time.
Before permitting any students to
participate in a public activity (see
definition of Participation above), the
chairman or manager of such activity
shall (a) require each applicant to
present a certificate of eligibility, (b)
sign his initials on the back of such
certificate and (c) file with the Chair-
man of the Committee on Student
Affairs the names of all those who
have presented certificates of eligi-
bility and a signed statement to ex-
clude all others from participation.
Blanks for the chairmen's lists may
be obtained in the Office of the Dean
of Students.
Certificates of Eligibility for the
first semester shall be effective until
March 1.
Probation and Warning. Students
on probation or the warned list are
forbidden to participate in any public
Eligibility, First Year. No freshman
in his first semester of residence may
be granted a Certificate of Eligibility
A freshman, during his second se-

Eligibility, General. In ordei' to re-
ceive a Certificate of Eligibility a stu-
dent must have earned at least 11
hours of academic credit in the pre-
ceding Semester, or 6 hours of aca-
demic credit in the preceding sum-
mer session, with an average of at
least C, and have at least a C aver-
age for his entire academic career.
Unreported grades and grades of
X and I are to be interpreted as E
until removed in accordance with
University regulations. If in the opin-
ion of the Committee on Student
Affairs the X or I cannot be removed
promptly, the parenthetically report-
ed grade may be used in place of the
X or I in computing the average.
Students who are ineligibl- under
Rule V may participate only after
having received special permission of
the Committee on Student Affairs.
College of Literature, Science and
the Arts, School of Education, For-
estry, Music and Public Health: Stu-
dents who received marks of I or X
at the close of their last semester or
summer session of attendance will re-
ceive a grade of E in the course or
courses unless this work is made up
by December 1. Students wishing an
extension of time beyond this date in
order to make up this work should
file a petition addressed to the ap-
propriate official in their school with
Room 4, U. H. where it will be trans-
B'nai Brith Hillel Foundation: All
men interested in being student can-
tors at Friday evening services at the
B'nai Brith Hilel Foundation please
contact immediately Rabbi Cohen or
Miss Charlotte Kaufman at the Foun-
dation, 730 Haven, or telephone,
Unitarian Students should make
reservations by calling the Church
Office,3085, to secure permissions for
attending the reception for Rep.
Helen Gahagan Douglas, 9:45 p.m.
Miss Mary Parry of the YWCA-
USO, will be in the office Thursday,
Nov. 8th, to interview any girls grad-
uating in February or June, who
would be interested in employment
with the organization. Call the Bu-
reau of Appointments University Ext.
371 for appointment.
Academic Notices
Debating:Students interested in
University debating should meet with
Dr. Lomas, 4202 Angell Hall, today
at 3 p.m.
Engineering Freshmen: The Pre-
Engineering Inventory, an all-day
test, developed by the Carnegie
Foundation for the Advancement of
Teaching, will be given on Thursday,
Nov. 8, beginning at 8:00 a.m. in the
Rackham Building, to all engineer-
ing freshmen (including veterans)
who were regularly admitted through
the Registrar's Office. Such fresh-
men are excused from classes on
that day. Students who were admit-
ted with advance credit through the
Assistant Dean's Office, even though
they may have freshman year status,
are not to take the test. There will
be no make-up opportunity.
German 247 will meet in 204 Uni-
versity Hall Thursday, 4:00-6:00 p.m.
Graduate Students: Preliminary
examinations in French and German
for the doctorate will be held on
Friday, Nov. 9,, from 4 to 6 p. m.
in the Amphitheatre of the Rackham
Building. Dictionaries may be used.
Freshman Health Lectures for Men:
It is a University requirement that
all entering freshmen are required to
take, without credit, a series of lec-
tures in personal and community
health and to pass an examination on
the content of these lectures. Trans-
fer students with freshman standing
are also required to take the course
unless they have had a similar course

Upper classmen who were here as
freshmen and who did not fulfill the
requirements are requested to do so
this term.
T hese lectures are not required of
The lectures will be given in Room
25, Angell Hall at 5:00 p. m. and
repeated at 7:30 p.m. as per the fol-
lowing schedule.
Lecture No. Day Date
1 Monday Nov. 5
2 Tuesday Nov. 6
3 Wednesday Nov. 7
4 . Thursday Nov. 8
1 5 Monday Nov. 12
6 Tuesday Nov. 13
7 Wednesday Nov. 14
8 Thursday Nov. 15
Please note that attendance is re-
quired and roll will be taken.
Pro-seminar in Contemporary Crit-
icism, English 211e, will be held to-
day from 2:00 to 4:00 p.m. in 3223
Angell Hall, not in the Library as
To all male students.in the College
of Literature, Science, and the Arts:

Srw acre CRc
But if you borrow my archery set, your JOHNS

By Crockett Johnson
Watch, Howard. I place this

Ugh. Me shootum. . . I daresay I can pick up

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