Lead in MSC
By WALT KLEE
Jenisen Field House, Lansing,
Feb. 9 - Michigan's track team by
winning eight of the sixteen events
It participated in completely domi-
nated the 24th annual Michigan
Powerful team balance scored for
the Wolverines who easily outclassed
the field. Notre Dame's thinclads
came through with three firsts, while
Ed Taylor's double victory in the high
jump and high hurdles gave Western
Michigan two firsts.
The meet provided the surprise of
the year when Bob Hume ran the an-
chor leg of the sprint medley relay
for the Wolverines. Previously it had
been announced that both Hume
twins would not compete this year.
One of the highlights of the meet
was the del between B3ob Thoma-
son and Notre Dame's ill Leonard.
The two distance stars ran the an-
chor leg of the distance medley re-
lay in a race that brought the
3500 fans to their feet. Thomason
grabbed the lead at the outset and
successfully fought off every one of
Leonard's birds. Thomason crossed
the wire just a foot ahead of his ad-
Horace Coleman had run the quar-
ter mile leg of the relay, passing the
baton to Herb Barten who ran the
half mile. Birdsall came back from
his victory in the two mile to run the
three quarter mile leg. He was just
a yard ahead of the Notre Dame man
who passed the stick to Leonard.
In the 75 yard dash, Bob Swain
came within inches of evening the
score with Ohio State's Carl Baynard.
Swain broke slowly and pulled almost
even from three yards back. Bay-
nard's winning time was one tenth of
a second off the Field House record.
Western Michigan's Ed Taylor
won the first of his two events when
he nosed out Wolverine Elmer
Swanson by less than a foot in the
75 yard high hurdles. Both Swan-
son and Taylor had won-their trial
heats but the Bronco shaved two
teths of a second off his winning
time in the heat to win the finals.
Michigan's States shuttle hurdle
relay team revenged the defet ad-
ministered to them bythe Wolverines
in 1942. The Spartans' winning time
was one-tenth of a second shy of the
meet mark set by the Wolverines two
See TRACK, page 6
Application s for
At New Price
Applications for J-Hop tickets at
the new price of $7.50 may be made
from 8:30 a.m. to 4:30 p.m. tomor-
row at the Travel Desk of the Union.
Ticket applications will continue
until the quota of 1,250 is reached and
tickets will be apportioned by class.
George Spaulding, ticket chairman,
urges that all juniors file applications
early to insure their receiving tickets.
Approximately 900 tickets will go to
juniors, 200 to seniors and the re-
mainder to underclassmen.
Identification cards should be pre-
sented at the time of application, and
a stamped, self-addressed envelope
should accompany each blank. Only
one application may be made per
person. Applicants will receive reply
cards through the mail, and those
receiving accepted cards should bring
them to purchase tickets.
Tommy D7orsey'and his orchestra,
famous top-flight band now featured
on "Music America Loves Best" and
other programs over national net-
works, will be on the bandstand for
the huge one-night Hop. Appearing
with Dorsey and his renowned trom-
bone, will be the Sentimentalists and
Stuart Foster on the vocals.
The Hop is scheduled for 10 p.m. to
2 a.m. Friday, March 8, at the In-
tramural Building, and late permis-
sion has been granted until 3 a.m. for
Navy men, and 2:30 a.m. for women.
decorations, unusual programs
special edition of the J-Hop Extra,
and an additional room for refresh-
ments and pictures promise to make
the 1947 J-Hop a return to the pre-
war Hop extravaganzas.
"We're cramming all the fun of a
weekend Hop into a one night stand,
and that one night will be terrific,"
explained Charles Helmick, chair-
man of the Hop committee. Private
parties will be approved for Saturday,
March 9, according to the Dean of
The change in price of tickets was
passed by the Student Affairs Com-
mittee in view of the WSSF request
to be released from accepting forced
profits from the Hop. The present
ticket price just covers the budget.
Cmdr. Norman C. Gillette, of the
University Navy unit, was awarded
the Distinguished Flying Cross, the
Bronze Star, the Air Medal and a
Gold Star in lieu of a second Air
Medal in a ceremony at Yost Field
VOL. LVI, No. 74 ANN ARBO0R, MICHIGAN, SUNDAY, FEBRUARY 10, 1946 PRICE FIVE CENTS
New Five-Year Plan
Soviets Hold First
Election Since 1937
Economy for War
By The Associated Press
MOSCOW, Feb. 9-Soviet citizens
in their first general elections since
1937 will vote tomorrow on candidates
for the Supreme Soviet and local of-,
Generalissimo Stalin is a candidate
for the Supreme Soviet which, di-,
vided into the Council of the Union
and the Council of Nationalities, is
the Russian parliament. Stalin was
nominated by his constituency of the
Stalin Automobile Factory District of
Only one political party-the Com-
munists (the only legal party in Rus-
sia)-participates in the election. The
voters will ballot for only one candi-
date for a position, who has been
nominated in advance. Some non-
party members are nominated. If the
voter does not want the candidate he
turns in a blank ballot.
To Be Discussed
In line with its purpose of discuss-
ing political issues related to science,
the Association of University of
Michigan Scientists will sponsor an
address by Prof. Bradley Patten of
the anatomy department at 8:30 p.m.
tomorrow in the Rackham amphi-
Pending legislation affecting a na-
tional research foundation will be the;
topic of the lecture. Prof. Robley
Williams of the physics department
will be chairman.
A business meeting at 7:30 p.m.
will precede the address. Adoption
of a constitution and election of
officers will be considered.
The organization was formed to
discuss and take action on such ques-
tions as national and international
control of atomic energy, the releas-
ing of results of wartime research,
and federal sponsorship of scientific
research in the universities. Work of
the organization has been carried on
by two temporary committees; a pro-
gram committee with Prof. Leslie
White of the anthropology depart-
ment as chairman, and a constitu-
tion committee with Prof. Arnold
Kuethe of the aeronautical engineer-
ing department as chairman.
Pointing out that the organiza-
tion "has made a good start," Pro-
fessor Wilfred Kaplan of the
mathematics department, member
of the constitution committee, ex-
pressed the hope that the great
majority of faculty members and
graduate students in the sciences
The lecture is open to the public.
FEPC Bill Laid
Aside by Senate
Vote Fails To Set
Limit for Debate
WASHINGTON, Feb. 9-(A)-Fili-
bustering southerners won their fight
against the bill for a permanent Fair
Employment Practices Commission
today and the Senate laid it aside
for other business. Backers of the
measure said they will try again
It would take a majority vote of
the chamber to get the FEPC mea-
sure back on the floor, where it has
been since Jan. 17.
The decision came on a Senate roll
call, 48 for and 36 against a motion
to limit debate on the bill to set up
a regular agency to police industry
and government against discrimina-
tion on account of race or creed.
This was eight votes short of the
two-thirds required to invoke cloture
and thus insure a final vote. Under
cloture each Senator is limited to an
hour's talk, but the rule is seldom
Michigan Senators Ferguson and
Vandenberg supported the measure.
Ferguson voted for it and Vanden-
berg was paired in favor of it.
By The Associated Press
LONDON, Feb. 9- Generalissimo
Stalin, declaring the last two wars
resulted from the development of
capitalistic world economy, tonight
announced a new five-year plan for
Soviet Russia and stupendous pro-
duction goals "to guarantee our
country against any eventuality."
He predicted, too, that Soviet
scientists could "not only catch up
with but surpass those abroad." He
did not mention atomic research
Stalin said the new five-year plan
-Russia's fourth including the one
interrupted by German invasion in
1941-would be inaugurated soon,
and "for the further future" set
goals for steel, pig iron, coal and oil
production close to the output of the
"Perhaps three new five-year plans
will be required to achieve this, if
not more. But it can be done and we
must do it."
In a pre-election speech broadcast
by the Moscow radio, the Soviet
chieftain promised that soon ration-
ing will end," and that the Russian
worker's standard of living would
Declaring that the war was "the
inevitable result of the development
of the world economic and political
forces on the basis of monopoly cap-
italism," Stalin asserted:
"Perhaps the catastrophe of war
could have been avoided if the possi-
See STALIN. P'age 2
Free Trade Is
Soiioht in Loan
To Soviet Ujion
By The Associa ted Press
WASHINGTON - A Huse co-
mittee put forth today the suggestion
that free trade with Eastern Europe
be made a part of the deal in any loan
The group, a special committee on
post-war economic policy, said loan
discussions with the United States
"are now being conducted on the
basis of $1,000,000,000," and said $6,-
000,000,0000 was discussed at one
Asserts Soviet Control
Asserting that the Soviet Union has
formed a political and economic bloc
that gives it tight control over trade
with Eastern European countries, the
committee said the arrangement has
made trade with other nations ex-
It suggested that an agreement for
letting of trade barriers be reached
by any nations making loans to Rus-
sia. It named Finland, Romania,
Hungary, Poland and Czechoslovakia
as included in, the Russian trade or-
Report May Be Revised
The question was discussed in a
tentatively-approved report to which
newspapermen were given access. The
report is subject to revision before it
is issued formally.
Asked for comment, a State De-
partment spokesman responded that
"no formal approach" for a Russian
loan has been made for more than a
Haber Asserts Aid
Can, MuSt he Given
Aid and resettlement of 1,400,000
Jews in Europe "cn and must be ac-
complished," Prof. William Haber, of
the economics department, told a
meeting of the General Assembly of
the Council of Jewish Federations
and Welfare Funds in Detroit last
A United Jewish Appeal for $100,-
000,000 to finance the program has
been characterized as "the largest
humanitarian campaign ever under-
taken by a voluntary organization
The program, prepared by Mrs.
David M. Levy, of New York, and
Rabbi James G. Heller, of Cincin-
nati, was presented to more than
1,000 delegates from every section
of the country.
Rabbi Heller said that the 1946 ap-
peal is an "issue of live and death"
for European Jews and "is the one
supreme task of American Jews this
The program, to be carried on by
the Joint Distribution Committee, the
United Palestine Appeal and the Na-
tional Refugee Service, constituent
organizations of the Appeal, was de-
tailed as follows:
1. Relief and rehabilitation for
the approximately 300,000 Jews in
France, Holland, Belgium and Italy,
among then 22,000 children, most
of them orphans.
2. Supplementary aid to 80,000
Jews in the displaced persons camps
of Germany and Austria.
3. Emergency assistance to 80,000
Jewish survivors in Poland and to
700,00 in Rumania, Hungary, Bul-
garia and Czechoslovakia.
4. Emigration aid for displaced
Jews and other homeless Jews in
5. Care, reception and training o
new immigrants into Palestine.
6. The acquisition of land for new
agricultural settlements in Pales-
tine and for construction of housing
7. Establishnnt of 14 newrural
villages and exydsion sof 300 exist-
ing settlements to absorb new Pal-
estine irnmie rants.
8. Developmentsof trade and indus-
try in Palestine.
9. Maintenance of displaced Jews
who will be admitted to the United
10. Resettlement and training of
Jewish immigrants in the United
11. Aid to Americans in finding
relatives overseas and providing mi-
gration service for those seeking to
travel to the United States.
Today's sessions of the meeting will
be devoted to committees and elec-
tions of council officers.
Students Urged To
The Committee for Student
Representation, formed by per-
sons interested in promoting
campus student government, par-
ticularly the Congress-Cabinet
plan, is urging all students to join
Forums on student government
and individual speakers on the
Congress - Cabinet Constitution
will be sponsored by the group.
Students who wish to join this
committee should write the secre-
tary, Rona Eskin, 913 E. Huron
or 'phone 7851.
Da tily Requests
Any student interested in sub-
mitting editorial material to The
Daily during theSpring Term is
requested to file samples of his
work with the Editorial Director
before March 1. Columnists and
cartoonists are especially urged to
To Bar Inquiry
Into Java trif e
Franico Regime To Be
Treated as Outcast
By The Associated Press
LONDON, Feb. 9--Great Britain
and the Netherlands topped a full day
of United Nations activity with a de-
mand tonight that the Security
Council reject a Soviet Ukraine re-
quest for a commission to investigate
conditions in the strife-torn Nether-
lands East Indies.
The Council adjourned until 11
a.m. (6 a.m., E.S.T.,) tomorrow with-
out reaching any decision. As the
first United Nations meeting sped to-
ward early adjournment, possibly on
Tuesday, these were the other main
highlights of today's dscisions:
1. The General Assembly, in a
move sparked by the United States
delegation, called on colonial powers
to carry out the United Nations
Charter provisions for developing
self-government and free political in-
stitutions in their dependencies.
2. Assembly delegates adopted a
resolution, proposed by Panama, to
keep Franco's Spain out of the Unrt-
ed Nations and to treat his govern-
ment as a virtual outcast. The pro-
posal won 45 votes, with El Salvador
and Nicaragua abstaining and four
nations not present.
The Security Council was told by
British Foreign Secretary Ernest
Bevin that it would be a violation of
See UNO COUNCIL, Page 2
The meaning of MUSBE was re-
vealed last night when it was an-
nounced that the Michigan Union
Student Book Exchange would be
open from Feb. 28 to March 7.
The Exchange, a non-profit organi-
zation, is the only book exchange
sanctioned by the University. It is
being held in cooperation with the
Students may set their own prices
on the books they want sold, Harley
Fortier, chairman of the Exchange,
said. The Exchange will charge ten
per cent of the price for all books
handled by them.
Beginning Feb. 11, students may
bring books for sale to the third floor
of the Union, Fortier said. The Ex-
change will be open from 8 a.m. to 5
p.m. daily, to students who want to
buy or sell books.
Volunteer workers are needed for
clerical work in the Exchange and to
help in the collection of books. Sau-
dents may sign up for these jobs, Feb.
11, 12 and 13 in the Union and
League student offices.
Will Play Here
Scnabel To Present
Artur Schnabel, internationally fa-
mous concert pianist, will present the
final Choral Union program of the
fall term at 8:3i0 p.m. Wednesday in
A guest instructor in the School of
M, i fn o>mmer sessions. heis ac-
Tug Strike Cuts
City's Fuel Supply
18 Cent Wage
New York Health in Peril
By The Associated Press
NEW YORK, Feb. 9-The Board
of Health today ordered the seizure
of any building in New York neces-
sary for use as a hospital in a move
to meet what it said was "a state of
great, imminent and increasing peril"
to the health of the city's millions.
The action came as persons seek-
ing priorities to purchase fuel oil, cut
off from the city by the six-day-old
tugboat strike, thronged police head-
quarters where an emergency ration
board began operations at noon.
Rigid rationing of existing stock-
piles of fuel oil was ordered by
Mayor William O'Dwyer to avoid
what he called a possible epidemic
of respiratory illness and disease."
Board of Health members said that
if the fuel shortage were not relieved,
there would be "discomfort, distress
and suffering and an increase in ill-
ness and deaths, particularly among
infants, the infirm and the aged."
Insufficient light-the city was
"browned out" Wednesday when
O'Dwyer declared a state of emer-
gency-and disruption of transpor-
tation because of a lack of fuel
might result in civil disorder, add-
ing further danger to life and
health, the board members said.
The city's government-seized fleet
of 400 tugboats lay idle for the sixth
day despite O'Dwyer's call on the Of-
fice of Defense Transportation to
man them immediately "regardless of
Forty-four govern ment tugs la-
bored to bring emergency supplies by
barge from New Jersey terminals
during the day.
On New Housing
prints for America's biggest home-'
building job-2,700,000 in two years
-met with wide acclaim today and
a let's-get-going attitude in Con-
gress and the construction industry.
With the program less than a day
dId, both Republicans and Demo-
crats in Congress appeared solidly
behind most of the plan. Some of
them already were pitching into the
legislative end, but the proposal for
price ceilings on old homes and
building lots was far from having
Messages offering warm praise
and offers of cooperation poured
in on Housing Administrator Wil-
son S. Wyatt, who drew up the
plan, and on President Truman,
who endorsed and announced it.
The program calls for building
some $16,000,000,000 worth of new
homes in the next two years, mostly
by private firms. Most of the houses
would sell for no more than $6,000
or rent for no more than $50 a
Rep. Wolcott (R-Mich.) said he
and Chairman Spence (D-Ky.) of
the House Banking Committee met
today and would meet again Monday
to discuss the required legislation.
Wyatt and some of his lawyers are
expected to join the huddle Monday.
The Banking Committee already
has approved an emergency hous-
ing bill and voted against putting
ceilings on old dwellings.
For the most part, the housing
industry lauded the plan, too. Two
parts drew opposition.
The National Apssociation of Real
Estate Boards disapproved price
control provisions. The Producers'
Council, Inc. opposed subsidies to
expand the production of supplies.
It recommended a 10 per cent in-
crease in prices of materialsinstead.
Kaiser Praises Plan
SAN FRANCISCO, Feb. 9-(/P-
Henry J. Kaiser, announcing he
would construct 10,000 homes in the
East and Midwest this year, today
called the Truman-Wyatt program
for building 2,700,000 homes in 1946
and 1947 "a bold and daring plan
By The Associated Press
DETROIT, Feb. 9-General Mo-
tors Corp. announced today that a
strike of 25,000 electrical workers em-
ployed at its plants had ben settled
on the basis of an 18% cents an hour
The company made its announce-
ment in a joint statement with James
Matles, director of organization for
the United Electrical, Radio and Ma-
chine Workers (CIO).
The agreement, both parties said,
was reached "through collective bar-
gaining" and is being submitted to lo-
cal unions for ratification.
Thus General Motors became the
first of the three large companies,
which also included General Electric
and Westinghouse, to settle with the
UEW-CIO. The Union called out
some 200,000 workers at plants of the
three firms Jan. 15, demanding a $2
a day raise.
R. J. Thomas, President of the CIO
United Auto Workers, whose 175,000
members in GM plants have been on
strike 81 days, said he was "terribly
shocked to hear this news."
"I think," he said, "that it puts us
in an awful spot because GM now will
come to us insisting that we settle on
the same terms."
Union Strike To End
NEW YORK, Feb. 9-(P)-,Western
Union employes voted today to end
their turbulent, month-old strike
which crippled this city's telegraphic
communication with the rest of the
Members of the striking American
Communications Association (CIG)
ratified at a mass meeting a settle-
ment reached yesterday by the Com-
pany and Union leaders and agreed to
return to work at 12:01 a.m. Monday.
Seven thousand members of the
Union struck Jan. 8 in protest against
a National War Labor Board award
of an average wage increase of 12 i,-:
cents an hour. The Union said the
grant was a downward revision of a
regional board award and would de-
prive members of $6,000,000 annually.
ACA president Joseph P. Selly said
the settlement agreement called for
arbitration to determine whether
some 2,000 older and more skilled em-
ployes should share in wage increases
awarded other employes in the na-
tional WLB's directive.
Steel Strike To End
Soon, Truman Says
WASHINGTON, Feb. 9 - (A') -
White House Secretary Charles G.
Ross reported that good progress is
being made toward ending the twen-
ty-day-old steel strike.
His statement to a news confer-
ence re-emphasized other reports
tiyat President Truman is optimistic
about settlement of the dispute,
which has idled 750,000 steel workers.
CIO President Philip Murray told
Senators that United States Steel's
Benjamin Fairless tentatively ac-
cepted an hourly wage increase of
19 cents for steel workers Jan. 11,
only to "change his mind" a few
Testifying before the Senate La-
bor Committee in opposition to Pres-
ident Truman's labor fact-finding
proposal, Murray said he believed
it might be necessary to increase the
price of steel somewhat to meet the
cost of the union's wage-boost de-
Winning Price Fight
WASHINGTON, Feb. 9-(/')-Ad-
ministrator Chester Bowles appeared
tonight to be on top, at least for the
moment, in his fight for firm holding
of a price line even though it be a line
bent upwards to make room for wage
This report on the internal wage-
price controversy came from a re-
sponsible but unquotable official, as
the White House gave out a denial
thatdReconversion Director John W.
Snyder is to be replaced in his high
INTERNATIONAL LEGALIST SAYS:
World-wide Obligations To Be
EmphasiZed Am ong Na tions
A radically new concept of international law which emphasizes world-
wide obligations rather than relations among nations is coming into exis-
tence, Dr. George Americano, rector of the University of Sao Paulo, Brazil,
Until five years ago international law was concerned solely with such
matters as neutrality and conduct of war, but now the focus is on "man's'
obligations in the society of peoples," Dr. Americano said.
An eminent authority on international law, Dr. Americano is visit-
ing the campus as part of a tour of universities throughout the country
to gain information that will aid Sao Paulo in building a new campus
for 10,000 students.
War, in effect, has been outlawed, but it will be "five to 10 years" before
the concept will be found in textbooks, Dr. Americano said. He referred to
the United Nations Charter and the war crimes trials in Germany and Japan
as evidence that the illegality of war is an established fact.
Previously, he declared, war was permissible, with international law
prescribing the conditions under which it could le waged legally and
recognizine rights of so-called neutrals.