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February 09, 1946 - Image 1

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The Michigan Daily, 1946-02-09

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EVOLUTION
OF ACOED

Y

Lw 43 U

Dait

SNO OURRIES

VOL. LVI, No. 73 ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, SATURDAY, FEBRUARY 9, 1946

PRICE FIVE CENTS

Committee

On

TRUMAN ON HOUSING:

Student Affairs

Bold

Building

Program

Another Member
Requested by SRA
The Student Religious Association
is formally petitioning for a repre-
sentative on the Student Affairs
Committee, Joyce Siegan, SRA presi-
dent, announced yesterday.-
If the request is granted, the num-
ber of students on the Committee will
be increased from five to six, with the
number of faculty members remain-
ing at eight.
No Action Taken
The petition, signed by members of
the SRA executive council, was sent
to President Alexander G. Ruthven.
As yet, no action has been taken.
Dr. Frank E. Robbins, assistant to
the President, pointed out that the
membership of the Committee is es-
tablished by Board of Regents by-
laws, and that the Regents would
have to take final action on the peti-
tion. The petition will be referred,
he said, to an "appropriate faculty
group," possibly the University Coun-
cil's standing committee on student
reslations, for discussion and recom-
mendation before going to the Re-
gents.
SRA Includes All Students
By the terms of the SRA constitu-
tion, approved by the Board of Re-
gents in 1937, every student is au-
tomtilcally a member of the organi-
zationi. ,"In this sense," the petition
points out, "SRA is similar to the
Le.gue and the Union which include
all men -and all women students by
deflnition. SRA is the one organiza-
tionaof'such a comprehensive and of-
fii l nature which does not have a
representative on the Committee."
"SRA represents seventeen student
organizations, including Hillel Foun-
da'tion, Ihter-Guild, Newman Club
and.World Student Fund, which have
a- total of over 2,500 active members.
The petition points out that "these
centers of 'student opinion are not
represented'directly on the Commit-
tee as it i now constituted" and
therefore have no active vioice in its
decisions.'+
Committee Controls .Activities
At plesent, the Committee consists
of the Dean of Women, the Dean of
Students, six faculty members, and
five students: the chairman of Men's
Judiciary Council, the president of
the Union, the president of the
League, the chairman of the Judiciary
Council of the League, and the man-
aging editor of The Daily.
The Committee has full control
over all student activities other than
athletics and student publications.
No activity falling under the juris-
diction of the Committee can be or-
ganized or carried out without the
Committee's approval.
Employment.
Bill Is Passed
WASHINGTON, Feb. 8--()-The
Senate today passed and sent to
President Truman an employment
and production bill greatly different
from the so-called "full employment"
plan the President had backed.
The measure, adopted by voice
vote, was the product of a conference
by Senate and House committees
which compromised differing Senate
and House bills.
Senator Barkley (D-Ky.) told the
Senate today that the word "full" had
been stricken out in reference to em-
ployment because it carried an "im-
plied guarantee' that the government
would step in and provide jobs for all
unemployed." Senator Taft (R-Ohio)
added that also stricken from the bill
had been all other phases which could
be interpreted as guaranteeing jobs or
the right to work.
The bill provides for a council of
three economic advisers at salaries of

$15,000 each to assist and advise the
President in the preparation of a
periodical "economic report" which
would be submitted to the Congress.
Vuicans To Inmiate,
Four TorOrow
Four new members will be initiated
into Vulcan, Senior Engineering Hon-
orary Society at 8 p.m. tomorrow in
the Vulcan Room in the Union, War-
ren Bentz, president of the organi-
zation announced yesterday,
The new initiates are Dogan Ar-
thur, Harold Walters, Chuck Helmick,
and George Ostroot.

.Approves Election
On 2 Constitutions
Placement of the Congress-Cabinet
constitution on the ballot of a stu-
dent government election to be held
next semester was approved by the
Committee on Student Affairs yester-
day.
Election To Be In March
At this election, which will prob-
ably be held in March, students will
have a chance to decide which of
two types of student government they
prefer. The Congress-Cabinet type
calls for a Congress made up of one
representative for each 400 students
on campus. The Congress (probably
containing 35 members on the basis
of an estimated enrollment of 14,000
next semester) would choose a Cabi-
net from among its membership to
be the executive body of the student
government.
The proposed alternative to this is
the Council-Forum type of student
government which was approved by
the Student Affairs Committee a few
weeks ago. This type would establish
an elected nine-member Student
Council to represent the students.
Working in conjunction with the
Council in an advisory capacity would
be a Forum made up of heads of cam-
pus organizations.
Discussion Expected
Copies of each constitution have
appeared in The Daily this semester
and it is expected that the relative
merits of each proposal will be thor-
oughly discussed before the election
in order that every student may make
an intelligent choice.
Only changes in the proposed Con-
gress-Cabinet type constitution made
by the Student Affairs Committee
yesterday were as follows:
Power To Delegate
1) The proposed constitution listed
as one of the basic functions of the
Congress the power to "delegate rep-
resentatives to join faculty-student
bodies." This was changed to read
that the Congress had power to "dele-
gate a representative or representa-
tives to joint faculty-student commit-
tees provided such cmmittees ap-
prove of the change in representation
and that such change meets the ap-
proval of the Board of Regents or
the responsible authority."
2) The other alteration provided
that any amendments in the consti-
tution must meet the approval of the
Committee on Student Affairs in ad-
dition to being ratified by the student
body.
Change in UNO
Site Proposed
London, 'Frisco Named
For' Possible Seats
LONDON, Feb. 8-(P)-Sentiment
is growing within the United Nations
to establish its provisional seat in
San Francisco or London instead of
New York, responsible informant
said tonight as France rallied oppo-
sition to putting the world peace
agency's permanent home in the New
York area.
This informant said further that
opinion was increasing among the
delegates that the choice of a perm-
anent site should be delayed one or
two years. New York City was chosen
by a site inspection committee 'for
the temporary headquarters of the
United Nations pending erection of
the permanent structure in the New
York-Connecticut border area.
Should it be decided that the se-
lection of a permanent home would
be delayed one or two years, the in-
formant said, these points probably
would be considered:
1. The headquarters would remain
temporarily in London.
2. A provisional seat would be es-
tablished 9n San Francisco.
3. Secretary-General Trygve Lie
would be allowed to choose tempor-

ary headquarters. The French are
advocating this course.

Toronto Nips
Sextet Again
By 6-1 Score
Gacek Gets Lone
Gol for Mihian
By DES HOWARTH
Toronto's rampaging Blues made
it three straight over the Michigan
hockey team last night at the Coli-
seum as they staged a five goal third
period rally to down the Wolverines,
6-1.
Wally Halder, captain and star
center of the Toronto sextet, again
turned the hat-trick against the
Maize and Blue and added an assist
to lead his team's scoring. Wally
Gacek tallied the lone goal for the
Wolverines.
The game, which marked Michi-
gan's first defeat on home ice this
season, was a thriller for two periods.
Coach Vic Heyliger's puckmen had
much the better of the play during
the first period and held the Blues
on even terms until the final stanza.
Toronto's speed and great passing
attack finally woreadown thepWol-
erines, however, and the third period
was strictly no contest as the speedy
Canadians completely dominated the
play.
Neither team was able to dent the
gets in the first frame. Bill Jacob-
son, who was the hard luck player
See HOCKEY, Page 3
German Morale
Called Apathetic
By Dr. .Newcornb
Prof. Thaeodor"e ewcomb of the
sociology departmet ha~acterized
German morale as chiefly apathetic
in an address before an assembly last
night at the Hillel Foundation.
Statistics collected by Prof. New-
comb and a group of psychologists
and social scientists who made a sur-
vey of German morale for the gov-
ernment during the three months fo-
lowing V-E Day show, he said, that
80 per cent of the Germans in the
American, British' and French zones
blame Germany's present condition
on the Nazi regime.
The report this group made on
"German Civilian Morale" was re-
leased last week by the War Depart-
ment. It shows, Prof. Newcomb said,
that by July, 144 (10 months be-
fore V-E Day) 85 per cent of the Ge-
man populace was convinced that
Germany had already lost the war.
They blamed the continuance of the
fighting on the attempt of the Nazi
hierarchy to save their own skin for
a few more days.
Prof. Newcomb said that the Ger-
mans do not have a guilt complex
because most of them feel that "while
they were doing wrong they felt they
were doing what they had to do."
Also, they point out that they suf-
fered under Nazism along with the
rest of Europe and, speaking of the
devastation of their homeland, say:
"For all this we thank our Fuhrer."
Prof. Newcomb's suggestion for
controlling the redevelopment of Ger-
many is to "let them work out their
own salvation," but to keep intimate
veto powers.
Italian Colony lre
Proposed by Byrnes
WASHINGTON, Feb. 8-(I)-Sec-
retary of State Byrnes unfolded a
plan today for a ten-year United
Nations trusteeship and then com-
plete independence for Italy's four
big pre-war African colonies-Trip-
olitania, Eritrea, Somaliland and Cy-
renaica.

I-Hop Ticket Price Lowered to $7.
Applications May Be Made Mondh

J-Hop ticket price was lowered
from $10 to $7.50 by action of the
Student Affairs Committee yester-
day.
Approval of a ticket price low
enough to just cover the budget
was passed in view of the WSSF's
recent appeal to be released from
accepting any forced proceeds from
the Hop.
Applications for tickets at the new
price may be made from 8:30 a.m. to
4:30 p.m. Monday at the Travel Desk
of the Union, according to George
Spaulding, ticket chairman. Filing of
application blanks will continue until
the quota of 1250 is reached, and
tickets will be apportioned by class.
Juniors will receive approxi-
mately 900 of the tickets, seniors,
200, and the remainder will be sold
to underclassmen. Identification
cards should be presented at the
time of application, and a stamped,
Union To ;Hold
openHouse for
Women Todlay
The latest announcement concern-
ing the annual Ljnion Open House to
be held from 2 to 5 p.m. today is
that in addition to all the facilities
of the Union being thrown open to
women for the party, the Interna-
tional Center, housed in the connect-
ing building just south of the Union
proper, will also be open for visitors
during the afternoon.
A pipked team of Union bowling
enthusisasts will battle a picked team
of League bowlers on the Union alleys
at 3 p.m. This promises to stack up
as one of the most important meets
of the season.
Feature of the afternoon will be
the mixer in the Rainbow Room,
where music will definitely be pro-
vided by the Navy V-12 band, di-
rected by George Hawkins. This
was official as of 8:30 p.m. yester-
day.
Ruth McMorris, Jean Hole, Rose
Derderian, Connie Essig and Pat
Dupont, allmembers of the JGP, will
present a series of dancing, singing,
and reading performances at scat-
tered intervals throughout the mixer,
Following Open House tradition,
the Tap Room, the billiard room,
the bowling alleys, the Pendleton
Library and the Union Tower-all
the usally forbidden spots-will be
open to women Saturday. They may
even use the Union front door.
Ten free milkshakes have been
promised by the Union management
for the 10 lucky people who win the
drawing event staged during the
mixer. It is practically certain that
those who do not care for milkshakes
may substitute malted milks instead.
A special invitation to attend the
Open House has been extended to
all Naval trainees. They are to be
honored in one way or another for
the extra-curricular work they
have performed for the Union dur-
ing their three-year tenure on cam-
pus
Richard Roeder and Harold Wal-
ters will be honored too at a banquet
immediately preceding the Open
House -for their recent appointment
as the new President and Recording
Secretary of the Union.
A Union press release yesterday
announced that the Open House may
well be one of the last functions of
the present Union Executive Council.

self-addressed envelope should bel
turned in with each application.t
Only one blank may be filed perc
person.
All applicants will receive a replyt
card by mail and those receiving ac-
cepted cards may present them to
Progress Made
In Steel Strike,
Official Says
Truman Vacation Trip
To Florida Called Off
By The Associated Press
WASHINGTON Feb. 8-A White
House official said tonight "good
progress is being made" toward set-
tlement of the steel strike.
He described President Truman,
who earlier had called off a vacation
trip to Florida, as "quite hopeful" of
a quick settlement of the steel dis-
pute.
This official, who declined use of
his name, told reporters:
Negotiations Proceeding
"Negotiations are going forward
and good progress is being . made.
They (steel management and labor)
are not very far apart.
"It looks as if they are getting
closer together. That is the exact
picture at this time."
Before this latest word from the
White House, insiders had said man-
euvers for a speedy end of the steel
strike and an announ ement of a re-
vised wage-price for nula "might"
carry over into next wek.
Speculation Ono Bwles ek
Speculation . developed also that
these negotiations would determine
whether Chester Bowles resigns as
Price Administrator.
The official who offered the new
steel progress report said the Presi-
dent's decision to cancel the trip to,
Florida was not dictated by any dis-
couraging change in the outlook from
yesterday when Mr. Truman told his
news conference the trip still was on.
High officials who asked not to be
named said the administration still
was striving for settlement of the
inter-related steel and price issues by
tomorrow night.
But they said complications they
were unable to reveal still must be
ironed out.
Steel Strike Agreement
Furthermore, a top administration
labor man said it now appears that
an agreement ending the 19-day steel
strike will follow, rather than pre-
cede, release of a revised wage-price
policy. There had been indications
earlier that the strike might stop
first.
Mr. Truman, who had arranged to
fly to Florida Monday, took a per-
sonal hand in the labor-price situ-
ation again today. He conferred in
turn with Bowles and President Wil-
lamn Green of the American Federa-
tion of Labor.
Men Graduates May
Order Gowns Today
Today is the last day on which
men graduating in February may
rent their caps and gowns at Moe's
Sport Shop.
Liz Knapp, chairman of the cap
and gown committee, said that the
February women graduates who did
not secure their caps and gowns be-
fore last Wednesday will be permit-
ted to obtain them today.

purchase tickets. Only those
cations received after the m
of 1250 is reached will be reji
The huge one-night Hop,
ing Tommy Dorsey, his or
the Sentimentalists and Stua
ter on the vocals, is schedule
10 p.m. to 2 a.m. Friday, Mar
the Intramural Building. C
with unusual programs, deco
a free J-Hop Extra edition
Daily, and a special room forr
ments and pictures, the 1947
is expected to return to the1
caliber.
Late permission has been g
to Navy men until 3 a.m.a
women until 2:30 a.m. Prival
ties will be approved by the
of Students Office for Sat
March 9.
Be Performe
Tw iceT'oday

JANINE ROBINSON
. .appears in play
Two performances of "Beg
Horseback," the Kaufman-C
dream fantasy, will be presen
day by Play Production oft
partment of Speech.
The play will be given at 2
8:30 p.m. in the Lydia Mend
Theatre. Tickets may be pu
in the -theatre box office.
The cast of principals for t
include Mary Firestone,
Armstrong, Jim Bob Step
George Hale, Janine Robinso
McGuire and James Land.
Approximately 70 PlayI
tion students comprise the c
the production staff. The co
under the direction of Prof.
tine Windt of the Departi
Speech.
Western Uni
Strike Se tle
Agreernentl S ubje
Union Ratificatioi
NEW YORK, Feb. 8-A')-
Court Justice Aaron J. Levy
night that the month-old
Union strike in the Meta
area had been settled but J
Selly, president of the CIO
can Communications Associat
Glared that the agreement w
ject to ratification by the n
ship at a meeting tomorrow.
x Joseph L. Egan, Western
president, said "The comps
cepts his (Levy's) proposal."
Justice Levy, who had pre
a picketing injunction case
the company, said both si
consented to sign a Nation
Labor Board contract and'
disputed clauses to a court-a'
arbitrator.
Selly thanked Justice Levy
ef forts and said a union
committee would prepare im
ly a report on the proposal
sentation to the membershi
He added that "The pic
will be maintained" until t
decision is made.
Asked if he considered t
posal a victory for the Uni
replied: "I am personally

Planned
5O; Goal Is Set at
y 2,700,000
New Hom es
appli-
aximum
ected By The Associated Press
ftedt. WASHINGTON, Feb. 8-President
featur- Truman announced tonight a "bold"
chestra, program to build 2,700,000 new houses
rt Fos- in 1946 and 1947.
d from It contemplates vast increases in
ch 8, at the output of building materials,
omplete with government subsidies and other
rations, federal payments, where necessary
of The to bring this about.
efresh- It calls for tripling the labor force
t J-Hop now working on residential construc-
pre-war tion, with wage raises where neces-
sary as a phase of the recruiting
ranted campaign.
and to It also provides for the govern-
to .pr- ment toa lend a hand in several ways
e par- to stimulate the new pre-fabri-
urday, cated housing industry.
Other steps would include price
ceilings on building lots and on all
houses, new or old; "more effective
price control" on materials; continu-
ation of rent controls; mortgage in-
surance up to 90 per cent of the value
of new low-cost homes; a ban on "all
deferable and non-essential construc-
tion" for the rest of this year.
The program was drafted by Wil-
son:Wyatt, the new Housing Admin-
istrator, after five weeks' study and
consultation with government, busi-
ness, labor and Veterans representa-
tives.
Mr. Truman gave it his "complete
and unqualified support" in a
statement which urged Congress to
enact promptly" the laws it will
require and all civic organizations,
community leaders and citizens to
get behind it.
Of the 2,700,000 homes, all to be
"low and moderate cost, 1,200,000
would be started in 1946 and 1,500,-
,$" n ; 000 in 1947.
. The 1,200,000 for this year would
include 700,000 conventional houses,
, : 250,000 permanent .pre - fabricated
,: houses and 250,000 temporary units.
The 1947 construction would be
900,000 conventional and 600,000
permanent pre-fabricated houses.
The'report noted that the previ-
ggar on ous all-time high was 937,000
onnelly homes built in 1925. Only 240,000
rted to- were built in 1945.
the De- Wyatt reported that if Congress
passes the necessary legislation
:30 and promptly, "the program should move
delssohn into high gear" by April 1. Within
rchased two years from that time (which
would take in part of 1948) "the ur-
gent need figure of some 3,000,000
tShrley homes should be met."
henson, Wyatt held that increasing the out-
n, Harp put of building materials is the es-
n a ntial first step."To do this he pro-
posed seven actions.
Produc- 1. "Premium payments" by the
ast and government to manufacturers.
medy is These subsidies would be paid in
Valen- certain cases for increased produc-
nent of tion of conventional and new-type
materials above a selected base
period.
2. "Guaranteed markets." The gov-
on ernment would underwrite sales of
new type materials at prices high
enough to cover the costs of develop-
ing them.
3. Priorities and allocations of
equipment and material. In this
ct to connection Wyatt proposed that
.1 "the largest part" be put into homes
selling for $6,000 or less, or renting
Supreme for $50 a month or less.
said to- 4. Price increases or "wage-price
Western adjustments" which are not inflation-
'opolitan ary.
oseph :P. 5. Conversion of unused war
Aeiplants and other new facilities into

lion, de- plants to make building materials.
vas sub- 6. Tax law changes permitting
sember- new or newly-converted plant to be
amortized rapidly.
Union 7. Absorption by the government
nyac-of "undue risks" iri the development
any ac- of new materials.
sided m
filed by U . . To Store
des had
nal War _
submit Mueat for Futur
ppointed
WASHINGTON, Feb. 8-tIP)--Sec-
for his ietary of Agriculture Anderson today
strategy disclosed plans to store for future use
mediate- some of the large quantity of meat
for pre- and other animal food products ex-
p. peeted to be produced in the next few
ket line months.
he final The secretary told a news confer-
ence that President Truman's pro-
he pro- gram for helping prevent mass star-
on, Selly vation abroad will involve early liq-
satisfied uidation of excess hogs, cattle, poul-

'U APPROPRIATIONS STALLED:t
Local Governmental Units Claim Share in State Sales Tax

By CLAYTON DICKEY v
The case 'of Michigan's local gov-
ernmental units versus Gov. Kelly
climaxes a three-year struggle by
the local units to secure a share of
the state sales tax as a means of
meeting pressing needs of revenue.

be refunded to local governments as
their share of the sales tax and that
the appropriations for institutions be
reduced to $8,800,000.
The background of the local aid
issue, as outlined by Prof. Robert S.
Ford, of the University's Bureau of

state tax and refunded to the cities.
1945 - A bill embodying the com-
mission's recommendations failed to
pass the legislature.
1946 - A bill recently introduced
in the Senate provides that the state
keep the first $90,000,000 in sales

cept cities. But cities can vote to
come under the provisions of the
amendment.
As pictured by Prof. Ford, when
the citizens of 11 Michigan cities
voted to come under the amend-
ment, the governments of these cities
ware f a nnA urt.h +1 l1irni 4-o rl r an 1Iat.

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