THE MICHIGAN DAILY
SUNDAY, FEBRUARY 3, 1946
UAW-CIO vs. GENERAL MOTORS:
Issues in Industrial Strife
the University of
Board of Control
Edited and managed by students of
Michigan under the authority of the
of Student Publications.
Editorial Sta f
Ray Dixon . . . . . . . . . . Managing Editor
Betty Roth.. ...... . . . Editorial Director
Robert Goldman . . . . . . . . . . CityEditor
Margaret Farmer . . . . . . . Associate Editor
Arthur J. Kraft. ....... . . Associate Editor
Bill Mullendore . .: . . . Sports Editor
Mary Lu Heath . . . . . . Associate Sports Editor
Ann Schutz . .........Women's Editor
Dona Guimaraes . . . . Associate Women's Editor
. .. .. . Business Manager
. . . . . . Associate Business Mgr.
Member of The Associated Press
The Associated Press is exclusively entitled to the use
for re-publication of all news dispatches credited to it or
otherwise credited in this newspaper. All rights of re-
publication of all other matters herein also reserved.
Entered at the Post Office at Ann Arbor, Michigan, a
second-class mail matter.
Subscriptions during the regular school year by car-
rier, $4.50, by mail, $5.25.
REPRESENTED FOR NAT1ONAL ADVERTIJNG BY
National Advrtising Service, Inc.
College Publisers Representative
420 MADISON AVE. NEW YORK. N. Y.
CHICAGO - BOSTON . LOs ANGeLES * SAN FRANCISCO
Member, Associated Collegiate Press, 1945-46
NIGHT EDITOR: ANITA FRANZ
Editorials published in The Michigan Daily
are written by members of The Daily staff
and represent the views of the writers only.
Fight for FEPC
THE FRANKING PRIVILEGE is a worthy in-
stitution, for enclosed in one of those Con-
gressmen's envelopes was a reply from Rep. Earl
C. Michener (R.-2nd District, Mich.) to a letter
in which we urged the discharge of the House
FEPC bill from the Rules Committee. This, in
itself, should be proof to those intrepid individ-
uals who say that Congressmen just toss those
things in the wastebasket. Thousands of let-
ters, postals and petitions cannot be ignored.
Counterpointing Rep. Michener's statenefit:
"As you UNDOUBTEDLY know, the FEPC bill
is now before the Senate for consideration,"
a recent Associated Press dispatch reporting the
Southern filibuster against a permanent FEPC,
said: "Tle United States Senate faces the dreary
prospect of doing nothing next week, and stay-
ing at it seven hours a day." Today, almost
three weeks after the nations' lawmakers recon-
vened, they are again up a blind alley. It is this
dead-end street type of legislating that President
Truman denounced in his recent address to the
nation. The establishment of a permanent Fair
Employment Practices Committee, advocated by
the late Franklin D. Roosevelt, was one of the
seven major points urged in the President's talk.
The challenge, "It's up to you-the people,"
was answered by thousands of Americans as a
protest against important legislation that has
been buried in committees to be-the legislators
hope-quietly forgotten. But, as Mrs. Robeson,
speaking of the Negro's fight for equality of
opportunity said, "It cannot be just a few out-
standing Negroes and sympathetic whites who
will accomplish this goal; it must be each of
us, as individuals and members of a great so-
ciety who will make the movement succeed."
Thus the recent two-day FEPC campaign,
sponsored by eight campus organizations,
though encouraging in its results, is not enough.
What of those who didn't sign a petition, write
or wire their Congressmen? Those who merely
said, "I don't have time," those who noncha-
lantly skipped over the news that a group of
Southern senators are attempting to side-track
a big order on the menu, one equally important
as the Full Employment Bill or fact-finding
It is to these students, faculty members and
townspeople that their representative, Earl C.
Michener, addresses his letter. Answering the
question "How may I assist in securing the law,"
he advises that all efforts and attention be de-
voted to getting the bill passed by the Senate.
"If the bill (without mutilations, such as the
Taft amendment passes the Senate," he writes,
"I believe there will be no difficulty in getting
it up in the House." One of the four Republi-
cans on the 12-man Rules Committee who has
voted favorably on the bill, Rep. Michener be-
lieves the bill will pass the House.
The ideal or theoretical democracy taught in
the University class-rooms and lecture halls can
still become a reality. Ignorance, the foster-
father of Pride, brought this response from a
South Carolinian: "I know your arguments are
right, but I guess that prejudice is just too
deeply rooted in my background to get rid of."
Must this man's children carry on this tradi-
tion? Does he think that any minority group
will be content to do menial, unrespected tasks
THE ISSUES of today's industrial strife are
nowhere more clearly demonstrated than
in the case of UAW-CIO versus General Motors.
The immediate repercussions of the nine-
weeks-old strike are apparent in the slow down
of the industrial system in general and of re-
conversion in particular. But to ascertain the
long-range effects of the strike, one must ex-
amine the issues involved.
THE STATED ISSUES
Labor-The UAW wants a 30 per cent increase
in wages. General Motors, the UAW argues,
can pay this increase out of accumulated and
future profits without raising prices. The UAW
insists that it is necessary to maintain peace-
time take-home pay at the wartime level in
order to protect purchasing power and, there-
fore, national prosperity. The UAW offered to
withdraw its demand if the corporation could
prove inability to pay the increase, by opening
its books to government boards.
Management-General Motors rejected the
UAW's demand and termed the union's analysis
of future profits as "Alice in Wonderland eco-
nomics." Present prices, the corporation said,
will not permit extensive increases without a
compensating increase in production. Wages,
General Motors said, should be determined by the
"going wage" rates in the entire industry rather
than the profits of an individual company. The
corporation refused to open its books on the
ground that this would reveal confidential pro-
fits and prices data that have no bearing on the
wage dispute. General Motors assailed the
union for attempting to assume the prerogatives
of management in predicting future business
operations and profits.
Government-The President's fact finding
board stepped into the dispute, heard the
union's case and investigated the corporation's
status through records in government depart-
ments. The board recommended that Gen-
eral Motors pay a wage increase of 17.4 per
cent. The board's decision was accepted by
the union, rejected by the corporation.
THE DEEPER ISSUES
Labor-Implicit in the demands of UAW-CIO
is the belief that workers are entitled to a share
of the profits. Profit sharing is not new, but
it has never been accepted by the larger cor-
Management-Implicit in the corporation's
rejection of the union's demand is the belief
that profits are not the concern of labor. The
belief is an accepted tenet of capitalism and has
been threatened only in recent years.
Both parties to the dispute could agree
otelteri to the editor~
To the Editor:
For over a week now there has been on this
page a rather heated controversy of the nature
of J-Hop vs charity drives, and the arguments
run in terms of starving children vs prewar
college entertainment. It seems to me quite
obvious that if the students really wanted to,
we could easily have a $20,000 J-Hop and still
given ten times what we have to Philippine re-
lief. I personally think there is much more to
be said in favor of $20,000 to relief work rather
than spending it on a dance. I think that it
is, in fact, rather a disgrace to the University
of Michigan that we have not been able to
average at least one dollar per student in the
current drive for the Philippines. However,
this is only half the story.
Last fall the student body had a chance to
elect a J-Hop committee, and this committee
subsequently came forth with a plan for a two-
night J-Hop. If the committee had suggested
running the dance for charity, that would have
been fine. If they had changed their plans due
to student pressure, that would have been almost
as good. If SOIC and WSSF had run a big
dance for relief purposes, it would have been
a credit to the whole school. However, the
Student Affairs Committee, not only told the
committee that they could not run a two-night,
affair but practically forced them to plan a
benefit. This, I think, is something that the
members of the student body, both as individuals
and as organizations should oppose with what-
ever resources we have at our command.
I think it not beside the point that many
of the students are permitted to vote and the
rest of them will be voting in a few years.
Surely if we have the intelligence to help run
a country we should be perfectly capable of
deciding whether or not we want to run an
expensive dance or not, and THAT is a per-
fectly logical answer which the Student Af-
fairs Committee can give to any out-state
criticism. It is one of the tests of a truly
democratic government whether or not a ma-
jority of the people can do what appears to
be unwise in the eyes of an "enlightened mi-
nority". I think that those of us who work
on relief drives and similar projects should
bear in mind also our responsibilities as citi-
zens of the student body, and I think that in
this case the WSSF committee would be justi-
fied in protesting to the Student Affairs Com-
mittee for the action which they have taken.
P. S. For people interested in such things, I
do not go to big campus dances.
that purchasing power must be maintained.
But each would advocate a different means
to this end.
Labor-The union could argue that purchas-
ing power can be maintained only by maintain-
ing take-home pay at the wartime level. It
could point to the corporation's past profits as
an indication that labor is being under-paid for
its role in production.
Management--The corporation could argue
that profits are the reward of management for
its role of entrepreneur or "risk-taker." It could
cite the traditional viewpoint that wages should
be determined by the competition of employers
for the services of labor. It could summon the
theory of "real wages-that is, wages are mea-
sured by the goods they will buy, and the way
to increase '"real wages" is to produce more
goods, thus forcing down the unit price. It
couldw claim that to compel a corporation to
base wages on its profits would be a penalty and
would be an advantage to its less effecient rivals.
Although each side could make a strong case
for itself by appealing to so-called economic
reason, the arguments would break down in the
light of existing conditions:
Labor's fallacy=Labor's best interests are
served when the wage structure is stabilized.
But if wages are tied to profits-the "ability
to pay"-they will be subject to all the fluctu-
ations to which profits are subject.
Management's fallacy-There is no real
competition among employers for the services
of labor. Industry, because of its size and
complex technological nature, cannot be com-
pletely free. Industry has found through ex-
perience that unihibited competition is detri-
mental to its best interest. Therefore, it has
become near-monopolistic in character.
New economic thought is of the opinion that
there is a relationship between profits and the
incomes of employees. The principle has been
recognized by Eric Johnston in the profit-shar-
ing programs for his various enterprises, and
There can be no basis for a just settle-
ment of present-day labor-management dis-
putes unless management accepts the profit-
sharing principle and labor accepts its share
of the profits as dividends-when-earned.
Otherwise, disputes will be settled by the well-
known method of force-industrial warfare-
with alternate periods of precarious peace.
-Clayton L. Dickey
THE COURT in the Champaign
case decided that the teaching
of Religion to children in the school
building on released time by sectar-
ian teachers, at parental expense, so
long as the attendance was volun-
tary, was legal. The case may go to
a higher court for the defeated mi-
nority is not satisfied to rest the
The matter of majority and mi-
nority, in religious groups, is sig-
nificant. This is true largely be-
cause we are a democracy in which
(a) we recognize and protect both
majority and minority, (b) we of-
fer an opportunity to test the pop-
ulation on significant issues at the
polls, (c) we provide free speech
and free press on social and polit-
ical issues, (d) on religion, we
guard each crmmunity or precinct
against having a state religion im-
posed upon it and (e) we give the
parent, not the state nor any
ecclesiastical body final vote on
how the child shall be educated.
One issue which runs beneath the
many debates throughout the nation
on religion and public schools,
should have the attention of all who
are engaged in getting or giving ed-
ucation. We refer to the need of a
more thorough knowledge of relig-
ious truths as well as a deeper loyalty
to the aims of religion. There are
proposed five methods for overcom-
ing the relative illiteracy in religion:
(1) parochial education where the
leaders of a given faith, while pay-
ing the normal tax for general state
education, also pay to the ecclesias-
tical body a sum adequate to give
both general education and religious
instruction to children and youth in
their own faith, (2) offer to release
children grade by grade as in the
Champaign case to a church staff
within the school plant, (3) offer to
release the children grade by grade.
(as in the Ann Arbor experiment) to
repair to church schools to receive
religious instruction at the end or
beginning of each half day, (4) pro-
vide within the public school cul-
tui'al religious enrichment of the
public school curriculum and exer-
cises by the public teachers on the
belief that religion on its merits
(non-sectarian) is readily possible,
and (5) in every community, outside
the public school, provide full sys-
tematic use of the Saturday-Sunday
segment (two-sevenths of each week)
for Religious Education of both
types, "Inter-faith" and "Church".
We prefer a combination bf the
fourth and fifth proposals.
Conrad Moehlnan says, "Relig-
ion is indestructable because it
originates on the borderline be-
tween the known and the un-
known. It will survive as long as
mystery endures." Perhaps so,
however, in this area, to perpetu-
ate religion is not our concern.
The high goal is to produce a
strong virtuous and happy people.
The question is how to use all of
the known motivations, including
religion, to that end?
-Edward W. Blakeman,
Counselor in Religious
Poll of G.s
A U. S Army poll of American
troops stationed in Germany
brought to light some interesting
opinions, and one important figure
shows that 19 per cent of the 1,700
men questioned, believe that the Ger-
mans had some justification for start-
ing the war.
The poll, though not released for
publication, has been made available
through a "thoroughly authorative
According to a War Department
spokesman in Washington, the polls
were taken to ascertain the degree
to which enemy propaganda had
been absoibed so that counter
measures might be effected.
So these are more results:
Fifty-one per cent said they be-
lieved Hitler did the Reich a lot of
good before 1939.
Eighty per cent favored a 10-year
occupation of Germany.
Seventy-one per cent said the U. S.
Military Government was not tough
enough with the Nazis; -ixty-two per
cent thought it was not tough enough
with ordinary Germans.
Twenty-two per cent said they be-
lieved the Germans had "good rea-
sons" for persecution of Jews.
And thirty per cent said they liked
the Germans better than the English.
These are all a lot of figures, but
they are important figures, because
they reflect the opinions of Ameri-
can soldiers under the influence of
German propaganda and under the
influence of their own emotions.
Neither is just or accurate, but
both show the not-so-rational side
of the G.I.
Publication in the Daily Official Bul-
letin is constructive notice to all mem-
bers of the University. Notices for the
Bulletin should be sent in typewritten
form to the Assistant to the President,
1021 Angell Hall, by 3:30 p. m. on the day
preceding publication (11:00 a. m. Sat-
SUNDAY, FEBRUARY 3, 1946
VOL. LVI, No. 68
Student Tea: President and Mrs.
Ruthven will be at home to students
Wednesday, February 6, from 4 to 6
Attention All Students: Registra-
tion for the Spring Term
By action of the Conference of
Deans, all students are required to
register for the Spring Term at, and
no later than, the time announced in
the Registration Schedule. Late reg-
istrations will not be permitted by the
administrative authorities of the sev-
eral units, except in the case of vet-
erans who have not been in residence
for the Fall Term. Students must pre-
sent their identification cards at the
time of registration and must file
their registration material them-
selves, not by proxy.
The reason for this requirement is
the unprecedented demand which the
enrollment for the Spring Term will
make upon the educational resources
and the housing facilities of the Uni-
versity. Because of these conditions,
it is absolutely essential that regis-
tration and classification be com-
pleted according to schedule.
Dr. Frank E. Robbins
Assistant to the President
Attention Faculty Members:
Faculty Bibliography. The blanks
that were distributed for the Faculty
Bibliography are overdue. Those who
have not returned the blanks must do
so at once if their names and publi-
cations are to appear in the next is-
Applications in Support of Research
To give Research Committees and
the Executive Board adequate time to
study all proposals, it is requested
that faculty members having projects
needing support for 1946-1947 file
their proposals in the Office of the
Graduate School by Friday, Feb. 8.
Those wishing to renew previous re-
quests whether now receiving support
or not should so indicate. Application
forms will be mailed or can be .ob-
tained at Secretary's Office, Room
1006 Rackham Building, Telephone
Veterans in Refresher Course. All
books and supplies for the Refresher
Course must be purchased not later
than Feb. 9. This deadline is neces-
sary to allow the University time to
audit and pay the veterans' accounts
at the various stores and, in turn, to
submit invoices to the Veterans Ad-
ministration for reimbursement be-
fore the end of the course.
Boyd C. Stephens
Students, College of Literature,
Science, and the Arts: Students are
requested to conserve the supply of
College Announcements by using for
the spring term the copies issued to
them last fall. The large supplemen-
tary edition which was printed is al-
most exhausted. Any remaining new
copies must be issued only to students
who have not been in residence for
the fall term.
The annual Charles Lathrop Pack
Essay contest for students enrolled in
the School of Forestry and Conserva-
tion is announced. A first prize of
$25 and a second prize of $15 is of-
ered. Inquiries regarding the rules of
contest may be made at the office of
Caps and gowns for women gradu-
ating in February should be pur-
chased at Moe's Sport Shop Monday,
Tuesday, and Wednesday so that they
can be worn for the Senior Banquet
to be held Wednesday night. Caps
and gowns for men of the February
graduating class should be purchased
by Feb. 9 so that they will arrive
in time for graduation Feb. 23. A
charge of $5.00 will be made, both for
men and women, for the rental of the
caps and gowns. Threeddollars of this
amount will be refunded if the caps
and gowns are returned to Moe's' by
Girl Scout camp on Lake Huron"
needs counselors-nature workers,
unit leaders, etc. for summer of 1946.
Also needs dietitian. Camp accom-
modates about sixty girls-age ten
and over. A good chance to earn some
money and have a pleasant vacation
at the same time. Full information at
Bureau of Appointments and Occu-
State of Michigan Civil Service An-
nouncement for Laboratory Products
Packer C has been received in this of-
fice. Entrance salary is $110 per
month. For further information, call
at the Bureau of Annintments .f21
DAILY OFFICIAL BULLETIN
ment for Bookbinder has been re-
ceived in this office. The salary is
$2,392 to $2,575 per annum. For fur-
ther information, call at the Bureau
of Appointments, 201 Mason Hall,
Owen Lattimore, eminent authority
on the Far East, will be presented by
the Oratorical Association Lecture
Course Tuesday, 8:30 p.m. in Hill
Auditorium. Mr. Lattimore is serv-
ing on the Japanese Reparations
Committee and recently returned
from Tokyo. His subject will be "So-
lution in Asia." Tickets may be pur-
chased tomorrow and Tuesday at the
auditorium box office which will be
open from 10-1, 2-5 Monday and
10-1, 2-8:30 Tuesday.
Bacteriology Seminar: Tuesday,
Feb. 5, 4:00 p.m., Room 1564 East
Medical Building. Subject: Isolation
of the Resistance-Lowering Fraction
of Mucin. All interested are invited.
This is the final seminar scheduled
for this term.
Forestry Seminar on Tuesday, Pro-
fessor Allen will speak on employ-
ment opportunities for Foresters in
the National Park Service, O & C
Lands, and recreation work. This
meeting will be held in Room 2039
Natural Science Building at 4:30,
but please note the change from
Thursday to Tuesday.
Exhibit:. "Guide fossils of the Jur-
rasic used in Petroleum Exploration
in Alaska," in the Rotunda, Univer-
sity Museums Building through Feb.
Celebration of China New Year.
The International Center will cele-
brate Old China New Year at 7:30
tonight. A motion picture "China's
Crisis," Chinese songs and intsru-
mental music will feature the pro-
gram. The public is invited.
The Women's Research Club will
meet Monday, Feb. 4, at 8:00 p.m. in
West Lecture Room of Rackham
Building. Dr. Margaret Elliott Tracy,
Professor of Economics and of Per
sonnel Management, will talk on
"Postwar Wage Problems."
Science Research Club Members
will meet Tuesday, Feb. 5, in the
Rackham Amphitheatre at 7:30 p.m.
Program: Common Pathogenic Fungi,
Sture Johnson, Department of Der-
matology Ultra-High-Frequency Ra-
dar Jamming. William G. Dow, De-
partinent of Electrical Engineering.
Sigma Rho Tau, Stump Speakers'
Society, will meet at the Union, on
Tuesday, Feb. 5, at 7:30 p.m. There
will be a general discussion of the
problem of "Housing," followed by'
the second formal intercircle debate
on "The St. Lawrence Seaway." This
will be the last meeting of the term,
and all members are urged to at-
A. I. E. E. The annual banquet for
local members and fculty will be
held Thursday, Feb. 7, at 6:30 pm.
at the Smith Catering Service. Tick-
ets may be obtained from A. I. E. E.
officers and other representatives.
La Sociedad Hispanica The next
lecture in the Spanish series will be
held on Thursday, Feb. 7, at 8 p.m.,
in Kellogg Auditorium. Sta. ,Eva
Martinez will speak on "Arte Colon-
ial en Mexico." The lecture will be
illustrated with slides.
"Beggar On Horseback," comedy by
George Kauffman and Marc Con-
nelly, will be presented by Play Pro-
duction of the department of speech
Thursday through Saturday evenings
in the Lydia Mendelssohn Theatre.
Students will be given a special rate
on tickets for Thursday night and
Saturday matinee. All tickets will be
placed on sale tomorrow morning at
10 o'clock at the theatre box office,
which will be open from 10-1, 2-5.
Barbour, Thomas-A Naturalist in Cuba.
Boston, Little, 1945.
Dr. Barbour, director of Harvard's Museum of
Comparative Zoology in his book, 'A Naturalist
in Cuba' has given us a picture of our close
island neighbor which is a blending of fact, re-
flection and adventure. It is a welcome con-
trast to much of the literature about the tragic
world of today.
Bolte, Charles G.-The New Veteran. New
York, Reynal & Hitchcock, 1945.
Mr. Charles Bolte is a veteran, who lost his
leg in the war, and he has given considerable
thought to the status of the returning soldier.
Among other subjects he considers The Amer-
ican Legion and suggests another organization.
Whether you agree or disagree with the author's
conclusions, you will appreciate Mr. Bolte's clear
forceful statement of the veteran's case.
Davis, Kenneth Sydney-Soldier of Demo-
cracy: A biography of Dwight Eisenhower.
Garden City, N.Y., Doubleday, 1945.
"Kenneth Davis's 'Soldier of Democracy' is a
vital and human portrait of an extraordinary
man." Henry Christman.
Hutheesing, Krishna Nehru-With No Re-
grets: An autobiography. New York, Day,
"The author, like her brother, writes with an
easy grace, and she has made what she has to
say about herself, her family, her upbringing,
and her political opinions into a constantly in-
teresting personal narrative. This is certainly
as important a book as has been published about
India this year." New Yorker.
Ren:arque, Erich Maria-Arch of Triumph.
New York, Appleton, 1946.
'Arch of Triumph' is the story of two exiles,
Ravic, hero of The First World War and Joan
Nadou, an Italian actress of sorts, in Paris. It
is above all a great love story which will interest
move, and satisfy the serious adult reader.
Wheeler, Keith-We Are The Wounded."
New York, Dutton, 1945.
"To understand the wounded- well you need
to be one of them. I became one the second day
of the Battle of Iwo Jima," says Mr. Wheeler.
"I found them to be the most remarkable
class of human beings within my experience.
"How they lived, worked to rebuild their
shattered bodies, accepted handicaps and per-
manent loss of faculties every man accepts as
his birthright, endured pain and waiting with
patience and hope and good humor and grati-
tude, is the subject of this book."
First Congregational Church
Minister-Rev. Leonard A. Parr
The sermon by Dr. Parr will be on
"What's Wrong With The Ship Of
ciples Student Guild will meet at the
Congregational Church. This Sunday
will be an election of the new Presi-
dent and Treasurer.
First Presbyterian Church
10:45 a.m., Morning Worship at
the First Presbyterian Church. Dr.
Lemon's sermon topic will be "The
Wounds of a Friend." 5:00 p.m.,
Westminster Guild will hear Orhan
Raykal speak on "Turkey-Its Hopes
and Aspirations." Supper will be
served at 6 p.m.
By Crockett Johnson
1Ti-1 % IINI
(To make a super-colossal movie, m'boy,
The presence of your little friend, m'boy, has