See Page 2
VOL. LVI, No. 54 ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, FRIDAY, JANUARY 18, 1946
PRICE FIVE CENTS
Speakers Tell Veterans Student Exchange
Committee UNO Alone Cannot Assure Peace
A panel of five speakers told a meeting of the Veterans International
Student Exchange Committee yesterday that world peace cannot exist
"without understanding among peoples" in an open meeting at the Inter-
The speakers maintained that the United Nations Organization can-
not of itself assure peace.
The committee's objective is a "large-scale exchange of students un-
der the authority of the government of the United States and other gov-
ernments of the world."
Russian-born Rostislov Galuzevski, Grad., said World War II did not
President Demands Answer To Proposals
In Steel Wage Controversy by Noon Today;
Dance Committee To
More than 2,300 students signed
petitions yesterday for the revival
of a pre-war J-Hop weekend, March1
1 and 2, which would include two
dances at the Intramural Building,
three name bands, house parties,
breakfasts following the formal dance,
decorations and favors.
The petitions were circulated by
members of the J-Hop committee to
ascertain student opinion on the re-
jection of the proposed weekend by
the Student Affairs Committeekon the
grounds that such a lavish affair
would make the University look bad
in the eyes of taxpayers, and because
of the housing situation.
Asserting the entire expense of the
function will be defrayed by ticket
prices, and that the already promised
cooperation of students resident in
Ann Arbor has solved the housing
problem for the women who will at-
tend from out-of-town, the J-Hop
committee will attempt to have a re-
consideration of the issue by the Stu-
dent Affairs Committee, according to
Charles Helmick, chairman of the J-
"It is the intention of the J-Hop
committee to give students the kind
of a weekend they want and can re-
member, and because of the tremen-
dous response of students yesterday,
we believe that they are behind our
proposed plans," Helmick continued.
A meeting of the J-Hop committee
and the student members of the Stu-
dent Affairs Committee is planned
for today, and faculty members will
be contacted shortly.
J-Hop committee members were se-
lected last month in an all-campus
election, and include Helmick, chair-
man; Dick Roeder, programs, favors
and patrons; Bill Lambert, bands;
Hal Walters and Pat Hdayes, building;
Betty Smith, 'decorations; Roberta
Ames, finance; George Spaulding,
tickets; Collee Ide, booths; and Lynne,
IRA To Discuss
Ways To Fight1
In order to determine a course of
action on a recent case of discrimi-
nation against a Negro, reported in
The Daily Letters to the Editor col-
umn Wednesday, a meeting will be
held from 7 to 7:30 p.m. today at
Robert Owen Cooperative House.
The incident concerned occured
Saturday afternoon in "a prominent
student gathering place in downtown
Ann Arbor," according to the letter.
Discriminatingly poor service was al,
legedly given to a group because a
Negro was among them.
The Inter - Racial Association,
which is sponsoring the meeting,
urges that everyone interested in
combating racial discrimination at-
tend this meeting.
"The freedom of speech and press
which exists in Russia today is not
being excelled by any other nation,"
said Mrs. Paul Robeson in an in-
formal discussion following an I.C.C.
luncheon given in her honor at Rob-
ert Owen Co-op yesterday.
"A press which is dominated by
capitalistic influence, and speech that
is prohibited to a large section of
this country's population cannot be
called free," declared Mrs. Robeson.
c e . /"L0
solve many problems among nations,
that "we are faced with many more."
He said that an "understanding of
others peoples' ideals" is essential to
peace, and ",you have to live with
other people to understand them."
Dr. Eric S. Cheo, Grad., of China,
said that the paraiiiount issue in the
world today is whether the nations
"are going to obey the moral law."
Decrying the lack of information
that various peoples have of each
other, Dr. Cheo said, "the answer
to national isolation is international
He said that China, with her his-
tory, philosophy, art and archaeol-
ogy, has "much to offer foreign stu-
dents," and that his government and
(See PEACE, Page 2)
Board to Parley
Reuther Unable To
Join Surprise Move
By The Associated Press
DETROIT, Jan. 17 - The CIO
United Auto Workers six-man strate-
gy committee, which is directing the
union's strike against General Mo-
tors Corporation, was summoned to
Washington tonight by CIO Presi-
dent Philip Murray in a surprise
UAW spokesmen said the summons
arrived here shortly after announce-
ment at Washington that negotia-
tions between the CIO and United
States Steel Corporation had failed
to produce a settlement of the wage
President Truman immediately
submitted to the CIO and steel com-
pany a plan for averting a nationwide
steel strike and both sides prom-
ised to report their answers to him
by tomorrow noon.
The Detroit unionists professed ig-
norance of the nature of the unex-
pected parley as their officers hur-
riedly attempted to make plane res-
ervations for the delegation.
UAW President R. J. Thomas
headed the group, but Walter P.
Reuther, UAW vice-president and di-
rector of the union's GM Division
was unable to make the trip because
of an eye infection.
The unexpected summons came
after a day of rumors of impending
developments in wage negotiations
between the Ford Company and the
union, whose representatives held
another brief meeting today.
The rumors stemmed from the re-
mark of a union participant in the
bargaining session that the UAW-
CIO group had held a caucus over a
"top drawer secret pertaining to
What the secret was, however, was
carefully guarded both by the union
and management representatives.
Garments To Be Used
For Overseas Relief
At least one garment for each man,
woman and child in the community
is set as Ann Arbor's quota in the
Victory Clothing Collection drive be-
ginning Monday and extending
through Jan, 31.
Garments collected in the cam-
paign will be used for overseas re-
lief. In the spring of 1945 a similar
drive here netted 100,000 pounds of
clothing, which were made available
for the needy by early fall.
This year's local campaign is head-
ed by George H. Gabler, and Henry
J. Kaiser is national chairman.
City trucks will make a curb pick-
up Tuesday, Jan. 22, of all clothing
and shoes. The collection depot in
the voting rooms of the Armory on
Fifth avenue near Ann street will
be open to receive materials.
Articles suggested for the collec-
tion are clothing, shoes, hats, caps,
other head coverings, and remnants
of cloth at least a yard in length.
It is requested that each person
enclose with his donation a letter ex-
pressing his good-will.
TRYING TO BEAT THE MEAT STRIKE-Housewi ves line up before a butcher shop in New York in a
last minute effort to stock the family refrigeraiors bef ore a strike of packinghouse workers went into effect.
Heifetz To Grive
Viol in Concert
Tonight at Hill
Appearing for the eighth time on
the Choral Union series, including two
May Festival performances, Jascha
Heifetz, world-renowned violinist, will
open his program at 8:30 p.m. today
in Hill Auditorium with three selec-
tions by Scarlatti.
The first of three musical attrac-
tions to be featured by the University
Musical Society this month, Heifetz
will be accompanied on the piano by
Emanuel Bay. The Budapest String
Quartet will participate in the Sixth
Annual Chamber Music Festival for
the second successive season next
Friday and Saturday (Jan. 25-26),
while on Jan. 31, the Chicago Sym-
phony Orchestra will be heard under
the direction of Desire Defauw.
Now at the pinnacle of his musical
career, Heifetz has 36 years of con-
cert-playing behind him. He has
made four round-the-world tours and
recent overseas trips to play for the
armed forces. All out for American-
ism in music, he has sponsored con-
tests among young composers and
violinmakers. For many years the
distinguished violinist has been dig-
ging into American folk music and
transcribing it for violin.
His program will include"Impromp-
tu" by Schubert, Scherzo from Men-
delssohn's Trio, "Folk Dance" by
Beethoven, a Bach selection for violin
alone and Figaro from Rossini's "The
Barber of Seville," in addition to two
longer works, the Brahms A major
sonata and Glazounoff's "Concerto in
Meat Dis puters,
To Confer- With
Head f Board
WASHINGTON, Jan. 17-()-The
Administration appointed a fact-
finding board for the two-day-old
meat strike today and arranged an
immediate conference of the disput-
ing parties with its chairman, Edwin
Secretary of Labor Schwellenbach's
announcement described Witte as
"an expert on the meat packing in-
dustry;" He formally was a public
member of the War Labor Board and
chairman of the Detroit Regional War
Labor Board. The other fact-finding
board members are Clark Kerr, who
was chairman of the WLB's meat
packing commission, and Chief Jus-
tice Raymond W. Starr of the Michi-
gan Supreme Court.
There was unofficial speculation
that Schwellenbach hoped to obtain
in the conference an advance com-
mitment by both sides to accept the
fact-finding board's recommenda-
tions. Such an agreement would
eliminate any impasse like that which
has followed the refusal of General
Motors to accept the fact-finding
recommendations in that strike.
Called to the 4 p.m. conference
with Witte were representtives of
the big four packers-Swift, Armour,
Cudahy and Wilson-and of the AFL
and CIO unions involved.
They almost tricked us into
joining the post-war utopia cult
yesterday afternoon when we read
the following notice on the League
"I have a typewriter which will
do anything you want done."
With a numnber of interesting
possibilities beginning to take
form, we were about to rush off
and purchase a half-dozen, when
a second glance stopped us:
Addressing Post Cards."
An ordinary lead pencil costs fifty
cents and a copy of Love's "Calcu-
lus" fifteen dollars in the Philippine
These figures may serve as a meas-
uring stick to indicate the size of
the problem facing the more than
Of GI's Banned
By The Associated Press
WASHINGTON, Jan. 17 -General
Dwight D. Eisenhower disblosed today
lie has banned any further GI demon-
strations, but ordered inspectors to
"every camp and post" to see that his
latest demobilization order is followed.
The Chief of Staff, appearing be-
fore a Senate military subcommittee
investigating demobilization, said that
there was no use in further demon-
strations by soldiers demanding im-
Eisenhower told the committee he
had ordered representatives of the In-
spector General's department to visit
each installation to observe the pro-
cess of demobilization.
Commanders havebeen advised to
be certain that the way is open for
all complaints or requests from sol-
diers to go up through channels to
their commanders, he added.
Eisenhower read to the committee
a message from General Douglas Mac-
Arthur in answer to a request by
Eisenhower in December that troop
requirements be pared to the bone.
MacArthur expressed complete a-
greement and gave this summary of
his situation: troop strength in the,
Pacific Ocean area, including occu-
pation forces, was 1,168,000 on De-
cember 1; it will be about 660,000 on,
January 20; a steady reduction is
planned to bring it down to about
400,000 on July 1.
The committee questioned Eisen-
hower regarding the recruiting cam-
paign and why more civilians could
not be used in closing out Army in-
7,500 students who wish to rebuild
the University of the Philippines and
continue their education.
A University of Philippines fund
drive was begun last Wednesday by
the WSSF in conjunction with the'
SOIC and will continue through Jan.
26. The fund will implement the
recent campus mandate selecting
the Philippine institution as the
war-devastated university to receive
A loss of $3,739,000 was suffered
by the Philippine university during
the war. Approximately 36,000 of
the 73?,099 volumes of the school
library have been salvaged. In ad-
dition, 90 per cent of the labora-
tory equipment. has been destroyed.
"The University of the Philippines
is in ashes," writtes Dr. Maximo M.
Kalaw, Philippine statesman and
The drive is being handled through
representatives of the various league
houses, dormitories, sorority and
fraternity houses and other Univer-
At Arcade Will
A wishing well will be placed at the
Arcade on State Street to receive
dimes to add to the contributions be-
ing made all over the country in the
thirteenth annual drive against in-
fantile paralysis, George Spaulding,
chairman of the men's committee,
Today a special booth will be set
up, in the University branch of the
Ann Arbor Bank to receive donations
designated for grants and appropri-
ations for education and research
into poliomeyelitis. Pi Beta Phi so-
rority will head the booth today and
tomorrow; Monday Zeta Tau Alpha
will be in charge; Tuesday, Alpha
Epsilon Phi, and Wednesday, Kappa
Collection At Union Dance
At the regular Union dance to be
held from 9 p.m. to midnight Satur-
day, bottles marked for the various
classes of the University will be
placed in the corridor leading to the
ballroom to receive donations. Mon-
day, the class with the largest con-
tributions will be announced in the
special dime edition of The Daily.
Janet Young, chairman of the
committee distributing dime boxes to
the dorms, league and sorority houses,
has requested that the presidents of
Shoni, Kingsbury, Gurley, Carney,
and Harrison league houses pick up
their dine boxes today in the Social
Director's office of the League.
Boxes should be returned at the
Building Costs Pose Problem
To University of Philippines
Hourly Increase of
1812 Cents Rumored
By The Associated Press
WASHINGTON, Jan. 17 --Presi-
dent Truman wants labor's and man-
agement's decisions by noon Friday
on his proposal for settling the steel
It was indicated by one source close
to the negotiations, who could not
be identified, that the President had
suggested a pay boost of 1812 cents
an hour for. the 800,000 CIO-steel-
workers poised to strike Monday
That figure would be a compromise
between the 15 cents the United
States Steel Corporation has offered,
and the 19/2 cents the union has been
Those close to the situation to-
night expressed belief the union,
through its president, Philip Mur-
ray, would accept.
The corporation's decision was still
a matter for conjecture.
Murray and Benjamin F. Fairless,
president of the corporation, sought
in an eight hour conference at the
White House today to achieve agree-
They were unable to bring their
viewpoints into line, whereupon Mr.
Truman submitted his proposal.
There was a possibility that the
President's proposal included some
provision for a steel price increase.
Reconversion Director John W. Sny-
der, who sat in on the conferences,
has been represented as ready to ap-
prove an increase of $4 a ton, but
Chester Bowles, OPA Administrator,
who conferred with the President
yesterday, reportedly was unwilling
See STEEL, Page 2
For 2 Nazis
NUERNBERG, Germany, Jan. 17-
(P) - A wartime French resistance
chieftain today charged 22 top Nazis
with torture, looting and persecution
and demanded the "supreme pen-
alty" for them as an essential first
step in reeducating Germany.
It was the first time that the prose-
cution hadkcalled directly for death
sentences for the Nazis on trial be-
fore the international military tri-
bunal. The demand was voiced by a
former Minister of Justice of France,
Francois De Menthon, 46-year old
philosophy professor at Nancy, who
began France's case against the
De Menthon asserted that the Ger-
mans must be shown that organized
brutaility as embodied in National
Socialism and its doctrines is the
"crime of crimes" leading only to
"material and moral perdition."
The wounded war veteran said that
the German people for many years
have been "intoxicated by Nazism"
and that their re-education is indis-
He said that "some objection
might arise at the punishment of
hundreds of thousands of men who
belonged to such terror organizations
as the SS, the SD, the SA and the
Gestapo, but declared that "the sys-
tematic war of criminality could not
have been carried out by Nazi Ger-
many without these organizations
and without the men who composed
The matinee performance of Me-
notti's "Old Maid and the Thief" will
be given at 3:30 p.m. today in the
Lydia Mendelssohn Theatre.
Offered by Play Production of the
Department of Speech, the School of
Music and the University Orchestra,
the American opera is being pre-
sented in addition to a performance
PERMANENT TRUST PROPOSED:
Legislature To Vote on Liquidation of Vet Fund
By CLAYTON DICKEY
A plan for liquidating the state's
$51,000,000 Veterans Reserve Fund
will be prominent among proposals
submitted by Gov. Kelly to the spe-
cial session of the legislature begin-
ning Feb. 4, Prof. Robert S. Ford, di-
rector of the Bureau of Government,
The Veterans Reserve Fund was
established in 1943 and has been
built up out of surplus state revenues.
Prof. Ford reported these addi-
tional plans for liquidation of the
Veterans Reserve Fund.
Aid to disabled veterans and de-
pendents of deceased veterans-Sen.
Otto W. Bishop (R-Alpena) has pro-
posed that the fund be used to aug-
ment federal funds to aid the state's
30,000 disabled veterans and the de-
pendants of 8,000 deceased veter-
was being "seriously considered." Fol-
lowing World War I the state paid
the veteran $15 per month of serv-
ice at a total cost of $55,000,000.
Demands of municipalities, edu-
cational institutions, public schools
and mental hospitals on the state's
$27,000,000 reserve fund total $61,-
000,000, Prof. Robert S. Ford de-
Included in the demands is the
about $85. "This would be of little
value to either the perfectly well vet-
eran or the disabled veteran," Sen.
Prof. Ford, who has been conduct-
ing a survey of other state's aid plans
for veterans at the request of state
officials, reported these additional
Massachusetts-a flat bonus of
$100 to every veteran.
New Hampshire-a bonus of $10