T H-E M I H CHIGAN DAILY
FRIDAY, JANUARY 11, 1946
tetteri to the 6 ito
DemocraticArmyEssential to Morale
Dorothy Flint . . . . . . . . . Business Manager
Joy Altman . . . . . . . Associate Business Mgr.
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Member, Associated Collegiate Press, 1945.46
NIGHT EDITOR: ANITA FRANZ
Editorials published in The Michigan Daily
are written by members of The Daily staff
and represent the views of the writers only.
ALONG with the multitude of problems which
President Truman has poured into the lap of
Congress, another will be added soon when ex-
tension of the Selective Service Act comes up
for consideration. The present act expires
Iii 1941 it was politically dangerous - but
expedient for the welfare of the nation - to vote
for extension of Selective Service. One wonders
how much longer the war would have been pro-
longed if the one representative in the House
whose vote assured passage of the extension had
been of a different frame of mind.
In 1945 it is politically suicidal not to vote
for extension of Selective Service - and1fhe
welfare of the nation still requires it.
This week GIs in the Philippines, in France
and here at home demonstrated against the
Army's demobilization slow-down order.
The Army has defended the slow-down on
the ground that insufficient replacements are
available for overseas service, because volun-
tary enlistments and Selective Service induc-
tees are insufficient.
President Truman backed up the Army in his
statement that the slow-down "is an inescapable
need of the nation in carrying out its obligation
in this difficult and critical post-war period in
which we must devote all necessary strength to
building a firm foundation for the future peace
of the world."
Congress is faced with two obligations:
To bring the fighters of World War II home
as speedily as possible;
To provide a military force large enough to
fulfill our occupation commitments in Germany
and Japan and to man 'or garrisons elsewhere
in the world.
Voluntary enlistments alone are not the
answer. Army figures released this week show
that enlistments are falling short of quotas.
If the services cannot get sufficient manpower
with the aid of Selective Service, it is certain
they cannot get sufficient power without it.
-Clayton L. Dickey
A MONG his nominations for 1946, President
Truman has put before the Senate one that
will be without precedent - should that body
confirm it. The nominee is Judge William Henry
Hastie, Dean of the Howard University Law
School, who has been named for the position of
Governor of the Virgin Islands.
If the Senators vote for Judge Hastie to go
to the Islands, he will be the fourth governor
. from this country to the former Danish pos-
sessions and the first Negro to hold the office.
In many areas of the world Negroes are still
denied the right to vote on an equal basis with
whites; lynching sometimes replaces the right
to trial by jury. As for the right to hold higher
public offices, there may be cries of "Why?".. .
"In this Ethiopia?" . .. "Is it for Liberia?"
The fact is, that, regardless of color, Judge
Hastie has much to qualify him for the position.
Possessing a college education and a law degree,
he has ever ten years' teaching experience. He
served for a time as an Assistant Solicitor of
the U.S. Department of the Interior. Until 1943,
Judge Hastie had also served in an advisory
capacity to former Secretary of War Stimson.
rr-- T. 1,..1. ,r~l t n.ifr.nd nr h
Jewish Immigration.. ..
To the Editor :
IN A LETTER which appeared in The Daily
Jan. 8, a Miss Rose Symons took up the ques-
tion of Jewish immigration into the United
States. Certain facets of her arguments against
such immigration, I feel, were somewhat off the
beaten track and I find it necessary to take
formal exception to them.
Miss Symons is of the mind that permitting
Jews to the United Sttes would only serve to
aggravate conditions of racial strife and unem-
ployment. In short, the malignant cancer now
gnawing away at the vitals of our society would
become ever more malignant with each new wave
of immigration. I do not feel that that state-
ment holds water. The fact of the matter is
that regardless of whether we allow Jews to
enter our ports or not, we are still going to be
faced with internal chaos. Anti-Semitism will
still flourish, and may even increase, despite the
maintenance of the human barriers we have
Can the more fair-minded and less hypo-
critical of us honestly believe that the entrance
of a few hundred thousand, refugees will tax
the means of our communities to the extent
that they will find themselves entirely unable
to care for the needs of native citizens?
I think not. And I think this is an important
point.' Contrary to the implication of Miss
Symons's letter, humanitarianism does not al-
ways make bad economics, or for that matter,
bad public policy. What does make bad eco-
nomics and bad public policy has been our own
dismal failure to effect a full employment pro-
gram. We have also failed the returning veteran
by failing to overhaul the creaking housing in-
dustry and to provide low cost shelter to meet
an urgent demand.
All these things are part of our very failure
to ourselves - the forgotten vet and the for-
gotten worker. And in a larger sense, they are
indicative of our inability to adjudicate the
problem of Jewish immigration. Our attitude
has been completely calloused toward the
problem of the forgotten minority. It is an at-
titude made up of the stuff which creates sick
souls and deludes already sick minds.
The question then arises, can we permit these
people entry into our nation in its present plight
anyhow? I say yes. In a world where all things
are relative, America would be heaven on earth
when compared to the purgatory of Polish po-
groms. America would be the land of plenty. It
would be hope and promise.
But then Miss Symons asks, "Haven't we
done enough for them already?" To which I
say, we haven't even done enough for ourselves,
so how could we possibly have done enough for
them? Men are striking for higher wages, the
returning soldier finds more insecurity than
ever before, minority groups are still without
the economic staff of life-permanent jobs. No,
Miss Symons, the fact is that the Jewish ref u-
gees have done more for us. They showed us
the brutality of Fascism. They showed us
that Anti-Semitism leads only to Anti-Hu-
manityism. They showed us how to fight with
your back to the ghetto wall in Warsaw and
die with dignity in the concentration camp.
No, Miss Symons, you are wrong, dead wrong,
we have not done enough for them.
* * * *
Our Public .. .
To the Editor:
SINCERELY HOPE the majority of students
at Michigan don't take Mr. Barrie Waters'
critical essays too seriously. I refer to his in-
fallible sense of misinterpreting the local cinema
offerings. I've held my peace throughout the
present semester, but the piece de resistance
was his opinion of "Along Came Jones." He
maintains that the "main drawback is Nunnally
Johnson's dismal script." Mr. Waters must have
been reaching in his popcorn bag during the
"unsmiling-face" scenes, and to all intents,
missed entirely the novel idea of a Western hero
who "can't hit the end of his horse with a
handful of peas."
It is comforting to know, however, that crit-
ical articles published in the Michigan Daily
are written by members of the Daily staff and
represent the views of the writers only.
M. L. Shaffer
*i * * *
To the Editor:
FOR the past several years it has been my dis-
couraging experience to witness the depths
to which journalism, as typified by the average
collegiate newspaper effort, can sink. Accuracy
seems to be a word alien to the lexicon of the
undergraduate journalist, to employ the word
Time has hardened me to the blithe disregard
of fact, the prevalence of glaring innacuracy (sic)
so distressingly apparent in this sphere of activ-
ity, but in rare instances, some particularly
provocative mis-statement prods me into articu-
lation. This is such an occasion.
I have reference to an article appearing in
The Daily of Tuesday, January 8, 1946, page 3,
under the by-line of Ruth Elconin, in the
course of which the writer states: "With a re-
markable record so far this season, Michigan's
hockey team is expected to find stiffer compe-
tition as it encounters three weekend series
with collegiate sextets, beginning with the
University of Colorado. Coach Vic Heyliger's
charges will travel to Colorado Springs, Col .--
To the foregoing I take violent exception. The
statement might well be considered a libel on my
alma mater, Colorado College, Colorado Springs,
Colorado, for the following causes:
1. Colorado University has never been, is not,
and, pray God, never will be located in Colo-
2. Colorado University has never, to the best
of my knowledge, had a hockey team, or at least
one competing on a formal intercollegiate basis.
Conversely, Colorado College has for years fos-
tered a team of major-league calibre, with con-
sistant victories over larger schools, such as the
University of California (Berkley) and, strangely
enough, the University of Michigan.
For your information, and more specifically,
that of your sports staff, Colorado College in
Colorado Springs, is not to be confused with
the University of Colorado (Boulder), Colorado
A&M (Fort Collins), Colorado Teachers (Gree-
ley), Colorado School of Mines (Golden), or
the University of Denver (Denver). There is
but one Colorado College.
An irate alumnus,
Harry Merritt, Jr.
I'D RATHER BE RIGHT:
By SAMUEL GRAFTON
A NUMBER of opponents of price control are
playing on the word "freedom;" price control
limits our freedom, they say; the war is over, and
it is time to return to freedom. Several trade
associations, and many Congressmen, know that
we, in our American life, constantly wobble be-
tween freedom and organization, as the philos-
ophers put it; and they feel that.during our post-
war revulsion against organization, we can be
led to embrace the idea of absolute freedom, even
when it is synonymous with high prices, and
That Americans love freedom, and, generally
dislike organization, is undeniable. One can see
the deep impulse at work in the startling GI
demonstrations in Manila, and at Le Havre, in
the first of which places we have presented the
world with the odd spectacle of an army with a
It is as if, with the end of the war, an impulse
toward freedom comes up from the very toes
of tie men; and they are no longer content to
be indefinitely the parts of something, of an
organization. .Our organizing impulse, which
comes to the top during an emergency, fades
when the emergency is over; and that is why
our democracy never really demobilizes its
organizations in an orderly fashion, and why
they seem to fly apart as the new impulse
SOME SECTIONS of conservative American
opinion understand very well this deep
rhythm in our national life, our habit of vibrat-
ing between freedom and organization, which is
why they feel confident that they will be able to
stretch our postwar reaction so as to kill off pri-
orities and price control. That makes it a time
for Americans to do some basic thinking, and to
try to understand the nature of this old, old
struggle of ours, between freedom and organiz-
ation; and one wonders whether we can't cook up
something better, this time, than our familiar
habit of jumping hip-deep from one end of the
equation to the other, and then struggling back.
Freedom is a lovely word, and a dear slogan,
but when suddenly the girl with the grave
sweet face and the uplifted torch takes the
form of a dealer who wants a dime for an
orange, as happened recently, or a dollar for
a dozen eggs, as may happen someday, one
wonders whether she hasn't changed somewhat
since the days when we first fell in love with
her. There is a certain danger in following
an abstract idea too far, too doggedly, and it
ought to bring us up short when the end of
our thinking is to make the Statue of Liberty
an appropriate symbol for an uncontrolled
landlord carrying an eviction notice.
The really sound democrat distrusts men who
plug for either absolute freedom, or absolute
organization; he is for as much freedom as is
compatible with necessary organization; and he
is for as much organization as is needed to pro-
tect and extend freedom. He does not think
free people need starve, nor that starving people
are free. He thinks bank depositors are freer
because of deposit insurance, which is organiz-
ation; just as he thinks drivers are freer because
of traffic control which is organization. He
is not afraid of either end of the equation;
he is for both freedom and organization, in-
cluding the freedom to organize. He wonders
whether a country which cannot solve its re-
conversion problems in an orderly way is a free
country, and he wonders whether a country
a free country, and he wonders whether a country
which sees inflation ahead, and somehow finds
it cannot move against it, is a free country.
My example of the complete democrat is the
man who wants to be free, but fears men who
have found a curious way of using the word
freedom so that it crackles like a threat and
whistles like a whip.
(Copyright, 1946, N.Y. Post Syndicate)
By DREW PEARSON
WASHINGTON. - Some people
may have been surprised at the flare-
up of G.Z. mass-meetings following
announcement that demobilization
would be delayed. -Certainly, how-
ever, the general staff in Washing-
ton should not have been surprised.
Anyone reading the servicemen's
newspapers, anyone sampling the
thousands of letters which pour in
on congressmen and commenta-
tors, knew that for weeks G.I. re-
sentment was near boiling point.
Nobody stirred it up. It had been
brewing for months.
Most surprising fact, however, is
that, despite this long-brewing con-
dition, the general staff in Washing-
ton has done nothing to correct a
basic situation inside the Army which
goes much deeper than merely de-
layed demobilization, for much of
the G.I. resentment springs from a
sense of injustice and frustration.
And if we are to have a big peace-
time army, the bigger it is, the more
necessary it is to mend morale perma-
Some congressmen are con-
vinced - as a result of hints
dropped around the Pentagon
building-that the War Depart-
ment deliberately slowed up de-
mobilization in order to put the
heat on for conscription. Pressure
from the boys overseas would then
be such that Congress would pass
conscription immediately, thus
supplying replacement troops.
HOWEVER, whether conscripted or
not, no army is efficient unless
morale is high.
Most people don't realize it, but
during the war the American public
was shielded from many things that
took place inside the Army. But the
men inside the Army knew what was
going on, though they could not
write home about it. So now, with
censorship over, they are not only
writing home, but to their service
papers, and generally blowing off
Based upon thousands of G.I. let-
ters and talking to many men, here
are some ideas which this columnist
believes might improve morale and
efficiency inside the Army.
Revise West Point
1. Abolish political appointments
to West Point and base them entirely
on merit. There is no reason why we
should still follow the antiquated idea
that each congressman is entitled to
appoint boys to West Point as a
means of aiding his own reelection.
The Army should be above politics.
Instead let West Pointers be
chosen from the ranks of enlisted
men as a reward for efficiency and
devotion to duty.
2. Award all commissions from the
ranks, except in the case of special-
ists in wartime. Let every man go in
as a private and let the best men get
promoted on the basis of sheer abil-
ity, not personel drag.
3. After an officer gets his com-
mission, let further promotions be
based on .competitive examina-
tions, not seniority.
4. Give both men and officers
the same food, even though served
in separate messes, and improve
housing for enlisted men.
5. But above all, cut out the self-
ish favoritism and thoughtlessness
practiced by some officers, which
make enlisted men hate all officers,
including even the great majority
of conscientious officers who look
out for their men.
(Copyright, 1946, Bell Syndicate, Inc.)
DAILY OFFICIAL BULLETIN
COLLEGE OF ENGINEERING
SCHEDULE OF EXAMINATIONS
February 16 to February 22, 1946
Note: For courses having both lectures and quizzes, the time of
exercise is the time of the first lecture period of the week; for courses
having quizzes only, the time of exercise is the time of the first quiz
Drawing and laboratory work may be continued through the ex-
amination period in amount equal to that normally devoted to such
work during one week.
Certain courses will be examined at special periods as noted
below the regular schedule. All cases of conflicts between assigned ex-
amination periods must be reported for adjustment. See bulletin
board outside of Room 3209 East Engineering Building between Feb-
ruary 1 and February 7, for instruction. To avoid misunderstandings
and errors, each student should receive notification from his instructor
of the time and place of his appearance in each course
riol February 16 to February 22.
No date of examination may be changed without
the Classificetion Committee.
during the pe-
the consent of
Time of Exercise
Time of Examination
Tuesday (at 11
E. M. 1, 2, C. E. 2, Draw. 1
Dray. 2, 3; Surv. 2 3
M. P. 2, 3, 4, French
Economics 53, 54
M. E. 1, 3
Surv. 1, 2
E. E. 2a
Equations," today in the East Council
Room, Rackham Building, at 3:00
p.m. Chairman, P. S. Dwyer.
By action of the Executive Board
the Chairman may invite members
of the faculties and advanced doc-
toral candidates to attend this ex-
amination, and he may grant permis-
sion to those who for sufficient rea-
son might wish to be present.
Doctoral Examination for Martin
Chanin, Pharmaceutical Chemistry;
thesis: Synthetic Analgesics. I: The
Thiophene Analog of Demerol and
Compounds of the "Open Ring" De-
merol Type," on Saturday, Jan. 12,
10:00 a.m., 309 Chemistry Building.
Chairman, F. F. Blicke.
By action of the Executive Board
the Chairman may invite members
of the faculties and advanced doc-
toral candidates to attend this exami-
nation, and he may grant permission
to those who for sufficient reason
might wish to be present.
Graduate Students in Speech: The
January meeting of the Graduate
Study Club of the Department of
Speech will be held at 4 p.m. today
in the East Conference Room of the
Rackham Building, when reports will
be made on the convention of the Na-
tional Association of Teachers of
Coffee Hour will be held at Lane
Hall at 4:30 today. All students and
faculty members are invited to at-
Sports party-Veterans and wives.
All Veterans on the campusand their
wives are invited to attend a Sports
Party sponsored by the V O's Wives
Club tonight at 7:30, in the Intra-
mural Sports Building.
Program: Swimming, various other
games and sand playing.
B'nai B'rith Hillel Foundation will
hold both Conservative and Reform
Services at 7:45 p.m. Following Serv-
ices Dean Erich Walter will discuss
"Victory's Unfinished Business: The
*This may also be used as an irregular period, provided there is
no conflict with the regular printed schedule above.
A special examination schedule is provided for the prescribed V-12
Publication in the Daily Official Bul-
letin is constructive notice to all mem-
bers of the University. Notices for the
Bulletin should be sent in typewritten
form to the Assistant to the President,
1021 Angell Hall, by 3:30 p. m. on the day
preceding publication (11:00 a. m. Sat-
FRIDAY, JANUARY 11, 1946
VOL. LVI, No. 48
Faculty Tea: President and Mrs.
Ruthven will be at home to members
of the faculty and other townspeople
Sunday, Jan. 13, from 4:00 to 6:00.
Cars may park in the restricted zone
on South University between 4:00
and 6:30 p.m. .
The University Senate will meet
Monday, Jan. 14, at 4:15 p.m. in the
Veterans' Books and Supplies. Vet-
erans who are securing books and
supplies under the Public Laws 16 or
346 must complete all purchases for
the current semester by Jan. 15.
This deadline is necessary to allow
the University time to audit and pay,
+Z-e., veuea,. r~aws annztnt'
the veterans' accounts at the various !~~
stores and, in turn, to submit invoic-
es to the Veterans Administration for Married Lutheran Students and
reimbursement before the end of the their friends are cordially invited to
semester. a social tonight at 8 at the Lutheran
Boyd C. Stephens, Cashier Student Center, 1511 Washtenaw
Women students attending the
Ship's Ball or the All-Nations Ball, Wesleyan Guild: Square and Folk
Jan. 11, have late permission until Dance party for all Methodist stu-
1:30 a.m. dents and their friends tonight from
Calling hours will not be eXtended 8:30 to 12:00 in the Guild lounge. Re-
beyond the regular time. freshments and games during the
Admission to School of Business
Administration, Spring Semester: Ap- Coming Events
plications for admission to the School
of Business Administration for the Lane Hall Weekly Luncheon and
Spring Semester MUST be filed on or Book Review Sat'urday at 12:15. Mr.
before Jan. 15. Information and ap- Robert Taylor will review the book,
plication blanks are available in "The Yogi and the Commissar" by
Room 108, Tappan Hall. Koestler. Reservations for the lunch-
eon can be made by calling Lane Hall
- .-~ -.
By Crockett Johnson)
Doctoral Examination for B. Roger
Ray, Chemistry; thesis: "Wetting
Characteristics of Cellulose and Cel-
lulose Derivatives," 309 Chemistry
Bldg., today at 1:15 p.m. Chairman,
F. E. Bartell.
By action of the Executlive Brd~
Mr. O'Malley, my Fairy Godfather, is
sure that Gorgon is not lost, Pop.
That's why he's not looking for him.
before 10 o'clock Saturday morning.
HE'S trusting to Gorgon's sense
of smell to help him find his way
home. And Pop, Mr. O'Malley is
And win a lot of money so he
can make a movie with the
The Graduate Outing Club will
have a hike or taboggan party, de-
pending on the weather, on Sunday,
Jan. 13. Those interested should sign
up and pay the supper fee at the
checkroom desk in the Rackham
building before noon Saturday. Mem-