THE MICHIGAN DAILY
Campus in Transition
THE FALL of 1945 will go down in the history
of the University as a crucial year. Thus
far, it looks as though history will smile, instead
of frown on the efforts of the University ad-
ministration and the student body to assimilate
the hoard of returning veterans and other stu-
dents who returned to school this year.
This is the first time in a good many years
that the high-sounding phrases about "it's
a bright new world" or "'America is depending
on her youth" or "the United States is a
land of opportunity," actually mean something.
These dreamy quotations have been repeated
for centuries-usually with tongue in cheek.
Now, in 1945, realization is possible.
But the way will not be easy. We must be
careful that this University and all other uni-
versities do not degenerate into the state of
mind which followed the First World War.
That was the notorious "raccoon coat era"
when students majored in co-education, went
to school to have a good time and forgot about
the war. There was little real planning or
thought given to preventing a future conflict.
Students took their elder's word for it that
another war was impossible, and proceeded to
get drunk-if not with booze, with the idea that
America was destined for perpetual prosperity
in spite of, not because of, the thoughts and
actions of her people.
History is repeating itself. Now, in 1945, stu-
dents are again faced with the choice of free-
thinking or free-playing. Probably a compromise
between the two is possible.
To some extent, the effectiveness of educat-
ing students here to the ways and means of
preserving peace will depend on the Univer-
THERE can be little doubt that the tremendous
influx of veterans since V-J Day caught the
University with their rooms down. Coeds had
taken over a number of the fraternity houses
that ordinarily would have been reserved for
men, Victor Vaughn House, the medical dormi-
tory, was turned over to women this year, and
many landladies had been convinced that they
should take women instead of men. On top of
this, more than half of the East and West
Quads were being reserved for servicemen sta-
tioned on campus.
Then, out of nowhere, came the civilian men.
It looked like an impossible situation. But the
University got busy and arranged for some of
the fraternities without a full membership to
take non-fraternity men this semester. More
places were put on the University rooming list.
Married veterans were also taken care of as Wil-
low-run housing units were transferred from the
Ypsilanti area to the field beside the hockey rink
and arrangements were made for some to live
outside of Ann Arbor and commute to classes..
The rooming situation is still very tight and
quite a few students are living in undesirable 10-
cations. However, the important point is that
the University did manage to find rooms for the
men who are coming back. So far as can be
learned, no one from this state was refused ad-
mission because of lack of housing space. Next
semester should see a big improvement in the
living quarters available.
THE NEXT big problem to be faced is the
method of handling veteran scholarship. The
transition from military to scholastic life is a
difficult one. Deciding how far the University
should go in "understanding" the veteran in
spite of possible poor marks his first semester
will be a red hot issue. On the one hand, the
University will want to keep its high standard of
scholarship; on the other hand, it will be dif-
ficult to tell a man with years in the service that
he is not re-adjusted enough to continue at the
University. Demands for "another chance" are
going to be frequent. If the request is denied,
charges of unfairness are almost bound to come.
What hurts is that it will be almost im-
possible to find a standard formula which will
fit all cases. Earh one will have to be decided
on its cwn merits. This will call for trained
perscnnel-whif h the University has-and un-
derstanding on both sides-which can be de-
But the charactcr of the student body for the
next ten years will for the most part be up to
the students themselves. The University is vir-
tually helpless in determining what the students
do and think. The Administration can promote
constructive thinking, but it cannot insure it.
The Class of '49 will have a good deal to say
about what sort of University this will be during
the next four years. The whole character of the
campus will be changed during their stay here
and for the most part, it will be up to today's
freshman and veteran to determine whether it
will change for better or worse.
More important, it will be up to them and
all ether students to shape the world of the
future. As Dr. Ruthven said at the freshman
rally, "The most important means of lessening
the chances of war lies in education."
MICHIGAN again has a Student
Student enterprise has come forth
this term to revive one of the many
old campus institutions which were
discontinued during the war because
of the manpower shortage. With the
gradual return of the University tok
its pre-war enrollment, the need for1
such an organization appeared. It
has been satisfied by the opening this
week of the Student Book Exchange
at the League.
In the past an exchange was con-
ducted by the Union to help students
sell their books advantageously. The
new Exchange, a non-profit service
organization, is conducted completely
by students for this same purpose.
The members of the Exchange plan
to make this organization permanent,
an integral part of campus life. It
has already proven, in this, its first
woek, its usefulness.
During the war period, when
there was no such organizations on
campus, the need for one was ap-
parent. New that one has been es-
tablished, its success depends crn-
nltely on student cooperation in
turning used books over to the Ex-
change fer sale and in buying texts
there. This project deserves the
support of every student in the uni-
SHARE ATOMIC ENERGY:
Theory Is Product of Years
Of Teamwork Among Nations
AMERICA is unreasonably jealous
of the efficiency of her scientists
and the efficacy of her 2 billion dol-
lar investment. Atomic energy is not
our production nor our possession.
Like the Egyptian- pyramids
which were built by living genera-
tions piling fresh stones on stones
already laid by past generations,
the atomic theory evolved from in-
tellect to intellect through 3500
years until it grew from specula-
tion to secret knowledge controlling
the existence of mankind.
Congressmen debating whether to
award this secret to a national or an
international board should remember
we would have no knowledge if men
of many nations and many centuries
-men like the Greek Democritus, the
English Dalton, the Russian Mende-
leef, the German Meyer, the French
Becquerel, the Polish Curie, the
American Millikan-had not cooper-
ated to correct and expand each
other's theories and extend their re-,
sults to the world.
Scientific prcgress depends on
teamwork between intelligent men
of every nation and every era. Why
can't the nations producing these
men cooperate intelligently?
Must history be the story of a
child named mankind who builds
civilization like towers of wooden
blocks-for the fun of knocking
-M. A. Dieffenbacher
RACIAL STRIFE has again broken
out in Gary, Indiana. Four hun-
dred white students at Froebel High
School went on strike again Tues-
day, protesting the return of the
school's principal, termed as favoring
The series of outbursts in Gary, as
well asin New York, can not be
shrugged off as 'kid stuff', nor will
it suffice to point out that 'higher-
ups' are instigating the strikes and
to let it go at that, hoping the trouble
What is important is that these
strikes are going on. They indicate
a major, failure in our school sys-
tem, in that we fail to instruct stu-
dents in the concept of true democ-
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DAILY OFFICIAL BULLETIN
NIGHT EDITOR: RAY SHINN
Editorials published in The Michigan Daily
are written by mhembers of. The Daily staff
and represent the views of the writers only.
VrmL oa n drive
NOVEMBER 20 will see the opening of the Vic-
tory Loan Drive in Ann Arbor. During the
ten days ensuing, all forces in this area will be
bent on raising $4,005,000 in the sale of Victory
Bonds. As an integral part of this community, it
is our responsibility as members of the Univer-
sity, to pledge and buy a share of this amount.
The end of the war, rather than sounding
the finale to our increased efforts through the
war years, brought the curtain up on a new era
of work and sacrifice.
The mountainous task of insuring the peace
we have won lies before us. It is the purpose of
this Drive to raise part of the funds needed to
carry through this program of insuring the fu-
The challenge before us is of the greatest im-
portance. If we fail in this, we not only fail our
government, but by token of the nature of our
system, we fail ourselves. Our government is
calling for our continued support in an under-
taking which will serve as an indicator of the
nation's attitude. We must see to it that the
pointer falls in a positive direction.
In the words of Fanny Hurst, "The, same
strength which won us the war will win us the
peace. Buy Victory- Bonds for dear life, and
for lives that are dear."
TODAY MARKS the opening of the first United
Nations Conference on Educational and Cul-
tural Cooperation, which will draw up a consti-
tution for a permanent Educational and Cultural
Organization to operate under the Economic and
Social Council of the United Nations Organiza-
The proposed ECO will foster international co-
operation in education and free cultural inter-
change, under the belief that such cooperation
is necessary to promote the mutual understand-
ing and confidence which is vital to world peace.
The ECO will not only seek to develop such un-
derstanding but also will help to extend to all
peoples the world's fund of knowledge and cul-
These aims will be pursued by consultation
among educational leaders, exchange of students
and teachers, the encouragement of :national
educational programs and research on cultural
and educational problems.
The projected organization of the ECO will
consist of a conference, representing all mem-
bers and meeting annually, an Executive Board
and a Secretariat, headed by a Secretary-Gen-
The proposed ECO is the most ambitious at-
tempt at international cultural unity ever to be
organized. The constitutional conference
which opens today is the culmination of three
years' work by educational leaders of the
United Nations. It represents the most de-
termined effort so far implemented by a
troubled world to eliminate conflict by striking
at its roots.
--_ ___ '__t _a f w +~e n c~lne+ t .
I'D RATHER BE RIGHT:
History Repeats i Delin SessIons
By DREW PEARSON
WASHINGTON.-Inside the closed-door ses-
sions of the Allied economic directorate in
Berlin history seems to be repeating itself.
It was Britain's defense of Germany after the
last war which played such a big part in the re-
moval of the Allied Control Commission and the
gradual rebuilding of Germany. Britain was
then following her time-honored balance-of-
power policy of jockeying France against Ger-
many. The secret debates in Berlin show that
this policy was not changed, except that she is
now balancing Germany off against Russia with
the U. S. delegates generally siding with the
Here are verbatim excerpts from the secret
Allied debates taken from the Berlin economic
meetings of October 10. The meeting began with
a plea by Britain's Sir Percy Mills that the Allies
import coal and building materials to aid Ger-
many. He spoke with considerable vigor and
feeling-so much so that the French delegate, M.
Sergent, took exception.
"Let me remind you," he said, "that the
French have a far greater claim to building
materials. We too have many buildings de-
stroyed. We too need coal. There has been
absolutely no activity in building construction
in France for five years."
The Frenchman proposed that a survey of the
building situation be made by the economic di-
rectorate, and this was finally agreed.
The Russian delegate, General Shabalin, was
then asked if he could not persuade the Poles to
export coal to Germany. "I am in no position to
speak for the Polish government," he replied. Po-
land can decide for herself whether she has any
coal to spare for her old enemy.
"Besides," continued the Red Army officer,
"why don't the British send over some coal,
since Sir Percy is so worried about the state of
health of the German people?"
Report Criticized .
THE ALLIED economic directorate next took
up the report prepared on German agriculture
prepared by a sub-committee. It was severely
criticised by General Shabalin. The findings he
said, were "silly" and "'childish."
"I would be ashamed," he grunted, "to sign
such a report."
Shabalin singled out particularly that part of
the report which recommended seed, fertilizer
and agricultural machinery for Germany. He
also claimed that the report dealt too much in
generalities rather than specific recommenda-
"I have been a farmer myself," said the Gen-
eral, "and in fifteen minutes I could draw up rec-
ommendations which would get to the real heart
of the problem, instead of dealing in cheap gen-
"Let's go back to the Potsdam agreement,"
he said. "It outlined the basic fact that Ger-
man agriculture is to be increased at the ex-
pense of industry. Let's stick to that. The
Potsdam aggrement is good enough for me."
Gen. William H. Draper, the American dele-
gate, then moved that the report be sent back to
the agricultural sub-committee with a recom-
mendation that the whole report be re-sub-
mitted within 30 days.
War Potentil . .
rfHE FRENCH delegate then took up the ques-
tion cf destroying all of Hitler's chemical
warfare plants. He first submitted the report of
the committee on war potential which was a
compromise view, and asked that the Allied rep-
resentatives comment on it. General Shabalin
immediately commented that the report was
meaningless and the Potsdam agreement pro-
vided for the complete destruction of all Ger-
man chemical warfare facilities.
"Personally I would suggest that the con-
trol start immediately to burn, destroy or sink
all Nazi means of chemical warfare," grunted
On this for the first time there seemed to be
complete Allied unity. After a short debate it
was agreed that the compromise report be. sent
to the committee on war potential with instruc-
tions to be specific and precise about eliminat-
ing, once and for all, all chemical warfare fa-
cilities in Germany.
(Copyright,,1945, by the Bell Syndicate, Inc.)
Publication in the Daily Official Bul-
letin is constructive notice to all mem-
bers of the University. Notices for the
Bulletin should be sent in typewritten
form to the Assistant to theyPresident,
1021 Angell Hall, by 3:30 p. in. of the day
preceding publication (11:00 a. m. Sat-
THURSDAY, NOV. 1, 1945
VOL. LVI, No. 1
Studenits wishing dormitory accom-
modations for the summer session or
fall semester, 1946: These students
may apply at the Office of the Dean
of Women. Application blanks will
be available at the Office of the Dean
of Women on or after Nov. 1, 1945.
Completed applications for the sum-
mer and fall of 1946 must be returned
by mail, and in no case willthere-
ceipt of the completed form be listed
until Nov. 15. This applies to stu-
dents now on campus as well as those
not now at the University. Only stu-
dents tentatively admitted or already
enrolled in the University may reserve
housing space of any kind.
Students on campus wishing to be
put on the waiting list for dormi-
tories for the spring semester of 1946:
These students may be placed on the
list only if they have previously filed
dormitory applications. Due to the
limited number of openings expected
for the spring semester only those
women who are now enrolled and
who have previously applied for dor-
mitories will be considered for place-
ment for the spring. Such students
may call at the Office of the Dean of
Women on and after Nov. 15, 1945, for
a limited period of time to request
reinstatement of their applications.
A $10.00 deposit should be placed on
file. Students are cautioned that only
those who have already filed the dor-
mitory application form and who do
not have assignments in dormitories
may apply for the spring semester.
The Office of the Dean of Women as-
sumes that students now at the Uni-
versity will keep their present hous-
ing assignments in dormitories and
converted fraternities for the spring
semester unless this office is other-
wise notified no later than one month
before the end of the fall semester.
Students wishing to secure living
accommodations in league houses for
the spring semester of 1946: These
students are instructed to communi-
cate first with the Office of the Dean
of Women so that they may be refer-
red to vacancies. Those who wish to
keep their present assignments in
League Houses should notify the Of-
fice of the Dean of Women to this ef-
fect as soon as possible (no later
than one month before the end of the
fall semester, to assure themselves of
the reservation. After this prelimi-
nary step, students will be instructed
how to complete the reservation by
direct contact with the League House
mother. No assignments in League
Houses will be considered final until
they have been recorded in the Office
of the Dean of Women. Students not
now on campus for whom space in
the dormitories or converted fraterni-
ties is not available will be sent upon
request aLeague House application
blank with specific instructions on
how to proceed. Only students tenta-
tively admitted or already enrolled in
the University may reserve housing
space of any kind.
Football Tickets: Students who did
not receive their football ticket ad-
mission in Waterman Gym may call
for same at the ticket office at Ferry
Field. This should be done before 12
o'clock Saturday noon In order to re-
ceive admission to the Minnesota
H. O. Crisler
Mathematics Dept.: A meeting of
all who intend to take part in semi-
nars will be held in Room 3011 Angell
Hall at 4:00 p.m. Tuesday, Nov. 6.
B'nai Brith Hillel Foundation: All
men interested in being student can-
tors at Friday evening services please
contact Rabbi Cohen or Miss Char-
lotte Kaufman immediately at the
Foundation, 730 Haven, or by phone,
The 1945-46 Lecture Course, pre-
sented by the Oratorical Association
of the University, opens Tuesday eve-
ning at Hill Auditorium, 8:30 p.m.
with Helen Gahagen Douglas as the
speaker. Mrs. Dougias, Congress-
woman from California and formerly
a star of stage and screen will speak
on the subject "The Price of World
Peace." Other numbers to be pre-
sented this winter are: Nov. 28, Owen
Lattimore, "Solution in Asia"; Dec.
5, Vincent Sheean, "Personal Opin-
ion"; Dec. 11, Richard Wright, "The
American Negro Discovers Himself";
Jan. 16, Frances Perkins, "The Des-
tiny of American Labor"; Feb. 5,
Mime. Vijaya Pandit, "The Coming
Indian Democracy"; Feb. 15, Guthrie
McClintic, "The Theatre, Remini-
scences and Predictions"; Mar. 5,
Edmund Stevens "Russia' Is No Rid-
dle"; Mar. 12, Robert Boothby,-"Brit-
am Looks to the Future"; Mar. 21,
Leland Stowe, "What We May Expect
in the Future." Tickets for the course
are on sale daily at the box office, Hill
Graduate Students: Preliminary
examinations in French and German
for the doctorate will be held on
Friday, Nov. 9, from 4 to 6 p. m.
in the Amphitheatre of the Rackham
Building. Dictionaries may be used.
Freshman Health Lectures for men:
It is a University requirement that
all entering freshmen are required to
take, without credit, a series of lec-
tures in personal and community
health and to pass an examination on
the content of these lectures. Trans-
fer students with freshman standing
are also required to take the course
unless they have had a similar course
Upper classmen who were here as
freshmen and who did not fulfill the
requirements are requested to do so
These lectures are not required of
The letures will he given in Room
Please note that attendance is re-
quired and roll will be taken.
College of Literature, Science and
the Arts, Schools of Education, For-
estry, Music and Public Health: Stu-
dents who received marks of I or X
at the close of their last semester or
summer session of attendance will re-
ceive a grade of E in the course or
courseseunless this work is made up
by December 1. Students wishing an
extension of time beyond this date in
order to make up this work should
file a petition addressed to the ap-
propriate official in their school with
Room 4, U. H. where it will be trans-
Chemistry 41. A special laboratory
demonstration will be held on Fri-
day, Nov. 2 at 7:00 p. m. in room 151.
Thereafter the regular demonstration
will be held every Tuesday at 7:00
p.m. as announced.
English 297: Students for my sec-
tion will meet to arrange hours Mon-
day, N '. 5, at 3:00 in Room 3216
E. A. Walter
Mathematics Concentrates: The
Mathematics Concentration Exami-
nation will be held Tuesday, Nov. 6,
at 4:00 p.m. in room 3011 Angell Hall.
" Paul Robeson, baritone, assisted by
William Schatzkamer, pianist; and
accompanied at the piano by Law-
rence Brown, will give the opening
concert in the Choral Union series
Saturday night, Nov. 3, at 8:30, in
The second concert will be given by
the Cleveland Orchestra, Erich Leins-
dorf, Conductor, Sunday, Nov. 11, at
7 o'clock sharp (on account of broad-
cast); and at later dates the following
additional concerts will be provided:
Alexander Uninsky, Pianist-Nov.
Jennie Tourel, Contralto-Nov. 27.
Don Cossack Chorus, Serge Jaroff,
Boston Symphony Orchestra, Serge
Koussevitzky, Conductor-Dec. 10.
Heifetz, Violinist-Jan. 18.
Chicago Symphony, Desire Defauw,
Artur Schnabel, pianist-Feb. 13.
Detroit Symphony, Karl Krueger,
Tickets for the Paul Robeson con-
cert have been exhausted but a limit-
ed number of tickets for several of
the other concerts are available at
the offices of the University Musical
Society in Burton Memorial Tower;
and immediately before the respective
concerts at the box office in Hill
Catholic Students: Today, the
Feast of All Saints, is a holy day of
obligation. Masses at St. Mary's Stu-
dent Chapel at 6:30, 7:00, 8:00 and 9
Orientation coffee hour: Friday
afternoon, Nov. 2, 4:30 to 6:00 at the
Student Religious Association-Lane
Hall located at Washington and State
..SOIC executive council will meet
4:15 p.m. Friday third floor union.
Imperative that heads or delegates of
membership organizations attend.
Delta Tau Delta Fraternity will
hold its first meeting of the fall term
I'D RATHER BE RIGHT:
Ambiguity of Truman
Foreign Policy Scored
By SAMUEL GRAFTON
FOOTNOTES ON FOREIGN POLICY. 1. Mr.
Truman's foreign policy speech is now in the
process of being interpreted, and there are many
interpretations. Holders of the most diverse pos-
sible opinions are finding things in it that they
Our bluff and hearty military thinkers are en-
chanted by the speech's references to our great
present and future naval power; and, in fact,
by the Navy Day setting given to this statement
f m .i'am n,-i1ipu nn riOur internationalists are
President's strong declarations on behalf of hu-
man freedom; others hope he will also use these
principles to help wipe out the pestilence of col-
onialism in Asia; many Americans, of many
sorts and kinds, are delighted with the implica-
tion that the welfare of men, both in Romania
and in Java, is our concern; yet the same speech
includes a strong warning to the rest of the
world not to concern itself with the affairs of,
and conditions of life in, the Western Hemis-
Thne who feel that the 'atomic bomb
Those who favor taking a strong
stand agaitst Russia, and those who
favor patching up the quarrel with
her cannot long travel in blissful
parallel lines together; one or the
other will be ditched. Similarly, those
who favor sturdy independent deci-
sions, and those who are for interna-
tional accord, cannot forever keep