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December 16, 1945 - Image 4

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The Michigan Daily, 1945-12-16

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THE MICItIGAN DAILY..

SUNDAY,

Fifty-Sixth Year

WASHINGTON MERRY-GO-ROUND:
rass Hats Bungle Shipping

YEARS BEFORE THE FLOOD:
The Story of a Pre-War German Family

Ijz; ~t

§ff

Edited and managed by students of the University of
Michigan under the authority of the Board of Control
of Student Publications.
Editorial Staff
Ray Dixon....... . . . . Managing Editor.
Robert Goldman . . . . . . . . City Editor
Betty Roth . . . . . . . . . . Editorial Director
Margaret Farmer . . . . . . . . Associate Editor
Arthur J. Kraft. . . . . . . . . Associate Editor
Bill Mullendore..... ......Sports Editor
Mary Lu Heath . . . . . Associate Sports Editor
Ann Schutz ... . .. . Women's Editor
Dona Guimaraes . . . . Associate Women's Editor
Business Staff
Dorothy Flint. . . . . . . . . Business Manager
Joy Altman. .......Associate Buisiness Mgr.
Telephone 23-24-1
Member of The Associated Press
The Associated Press is exclusively entitled to the use
for re-publication of all news dispatches credited to it or
otherwise credited in this newspaper. All rights of re-
publication of all other matters herein also reserved.
Entered at the Post Office at Ann Arbor, Michigan, as
second-class mail matter.
Subscriptions during the regular school year by car-
rier, $4.50, by mail, $5.25.
Member, Associated Collegiate Press, 1945-46
NIGHT EDITOR: PATRICIA CAMERON
Editorials published in The Michigan Daily
are written by members of The Daily staff
and represent the views of the writers only.

Be a Goodfellow

TOMORROW'S sale of the Goodfellow Daily
will give everyone a chance to contribute to
the only all-campus charity campaign.
We hardly need to be told that the organiz-
ations which the Goodfellow Drive supports
are worthwhile; everyone will admit the. neces-
sity for the Ann Arbor Family and Children
Service, the Student Goodwill Fund and the
Textbook Lending Library.
It is possible, however, that we may not realize
just how much our help can mean.
The Textbook Lending Library, for instance,
receives practically all of the money it uses for
buying books from the Goodfellow fund. Some
of the students who use these books work only
for their board and room; many of them are
putting themselves through college almost en-
tirely by their own efforts.
Dean Erich A. Walter, who directs the
Library, remembers particularly one boy who
utilized its services. Entirely self-supporting,
he worked as a coal miner all summer and as
a janitor dui'ing the winter. Ile recently
graduated, with honors.
Right now a European refugee is working and
going to school with total assets of about $10.
One girl is putting herself through school with
a small scholarship and 25 hours of work a
week in a boarding house.
These are the kind of students who are
aided by the Textbook Lending Library. These
are the students we help when we buy a Good-
fellow Eition.
-Mary Ruth Levy
StudentG overnent
EACH YEAR, almost immediately followin'
an "important election", a great furor for
student government rumbles across campus. And
usually as soon as the issue's initial appeal has
worn off, student agitation for change tapers
off.
Again, this year's campus election turned up
obvious defects in our student governing sys-
tem. The campaign for reform has already
begun, and seems now to be in full swing.
If any consequence is to come of this move-
ment, it is necessary that every student on
campus, both as an individual and as a mem-
ber of a groip or organization, keep his inter-
est active and not allow himself to fall back
in his old lethargic spell.
That adjustments are needed is unquestioned.
Support for this reform movement now comes
alike from Dean Bursley and the most obscure
freshman.
Although the responsibility for following this
project through to a fruitful termination is in
the hands of a limited number of student lead-
ers, their job can never 1e carried on success-
fully without the full aid and support of the
entire student body.
No individual should consider himself so in-
significant as to think his real interest is not
essential. A program for which support is main-
tained is almost sure of producing positive re-
sults; one which lacks backing is lost.
Upon each student depends whether this
will be the year when the aspirations of the
past will become the realities of the present
na n a'tkt fnf rthe fnire.

By DREW PEARSON
W ASHINGTON-Although the shipping bottle-
neck has been broken in the Atlantic, much
still remains to be done before the G.I.s of the
Pacific begin to return to the United States at
a reasonably rapid pace. One big reason for
the delay is the incredible bungling of brass hats
who keep vessels idle for months while veterans
grow old and points pile up.:.
The case of the Liberty ship John Martin
Miller is a good example. It left Baltimore
April 14, 1945, carrying 7,111 tons of bombs,
proceeded to Lynhaven Roads, England, from
whence it left April 28, without unloading, for
the Mediterranean.
However, the end of the German war, May 8,
caused a change in plans; so the John Martin
Miller anchored in the Azores, then went back
to Charleston, S. C., arriving May 20. Then she
Fet sail for the Pacific, arriving in Eniwetok, July
11. However, there was still no resting place
for her bombs, which she had been carrying
since April 14. So, on July 13, she pushed on
to Saipan. Then for the next two months the
John Martin Miller wandered back and forth
between Saipan and Tinian until, as some G.I.'s
described it, "her skipper felt qualified to map
the sea between the islands."
On Sept. 5, orders came to take the 7,111 tons
of bombs to Okinawa. The ship arrived Sept.
26, and there she sat, through three typhoons,
awaiting orders on her cargo. One day the
first mate met a friend who said that he was
surprised to see the John Martin Miller still in
port inasmuch as orders had come for her to
leave five days before.
The captain of the ship then discovered be-
leatedly that orders had arrived to proceed to
Batangas in the Philippines. At last report the
John Martin Miller was still at Batangas, after
more than 7 months of trying to unload her
uscless bombs.
The crew and officers of the ship volun-
teered to throw their cargo into the ocean on
V-J day, but since they lacked government ap-
prcval, this was impossible. The entire voyage
cost more than $500,000.
Unfortunately the Martin is not the only ship
inefficiently handled. The S. S. Vladex, a Lib-
erty ship, moved out to the Pacific last April 23
with a cargo of bombs and propaganda leaflets.
The leaflets were printed in German though the
ship was sailing for Japan. The Liberty ship
Henry Austin lay in the Bay of Batangas for
48 days before it was unloaded. Finally it was
converted for carrying troops, then waited five
more days to sail. The Elisha Mitchell, a Liberty
ship, reached Batangas on Aug. 6, and was still
in the Bay Nov. 21, awaiting orders.
NV BO KS
IN THE
GENERAL LIBRARY
Adamic, Louis-A nation of nations. New
York, Harper, 1945.
In his latest book, Louis Adamic has treated
the assimilation of the Italian, the Spaniard,
the Swede, the Russian, etc., into the pattern
of democracy which is America. It is exciting
reading as the author, a lover of mankind, tells
the story of what the men from the mines, from
the farms, from the universities and from the
markets have done in the United States.
Ceusins, Norman-Modern man is obsolete.
New York, Viking, 1945.
In this essay, which has been acclaimed by
judges, industrialists, and men-in-the-streets,
Mr. Cousins sets forth forcibly the perils which
the advent of .the atomic age has brought us.
He leaves no doubt as to the course mankind
must take if it is to survive. Every intelligent
citizen should read it carefully.
de la Mare, Walter-The burning-glass and
ether poems. New York, Viking, 1945.-
This little volume contains the poetry of Mr.
de la Mare's recent years, now appearing as a
collection for the first time. It clearly estab-
lishes his genius as a poet. The volume concludes
with a long superb poem, called "The Traveller".
Nordhoff, Charles, and Hall, James Norman

-The high barbaree. Boston, Little, 1945.
A novel which is part story, part fantasy. A
young navy pilot and his companion survive the
crash of a Catalina flying boat, brought down
in mid-ocean by the Japs. The story deals with
the confused last hours of the pilot. The story
is well written, fanciful, tragic, and not for the
casual reader.
Teale, Edwin Way-The lost woods. New
Yok Dcdd, 19i45.
If you like the out-of-doors you will enjoy Mr.
Teale's delightful excursions into the world of
nature. Contains many excellent photographs
by the author.
Warner, Rex-Return of the traveller. Phil-
adelphia, Lippincott, 1944.
The spirit of an English soldier, killed in
World War II returns to wander about the
earth, searching for the answer to his question:
"Why was I killed?" Among those who try to
answer him are an English gentleman, a priest,
a mother whose son was killed in the war, and
a mechanic. Written in a style that is rare in
our generation.

It is situations like these which make the
boys in the Pacific furious and which have
caused them to adopt the slogan "No boats,
no votes."
Pearl Harbor Minutae
OTHER members of the Pearl Harbor com-
mittee sat and fidgeted for nearly two days
as Michigan's GOP Senator Homer FergusonI
kept General Marshall busy answering a stream
of detailed questions. Other committee mem-
bers felt he was carrying things too far.
At one point, Ferguson demanded that Mar-
shall tell the committee what day of the week
fell on Dec. 1, 1941. An aide handed Marshall
a calendar, from which he ascertained that
Dec. 1 had fallen on a Monday.
As the hearings wound up for the day, Senator
Scott Lucas, Illinois Democrat, facetiously re-
marked, "General, I presume you should have
us mark that calendar as an exhibit. I am sure
we will have to refer back to it another 45 to
46 times."
Chairman Alben Barkley chimed in: "And
it might be pertinent, too, to know what
almanac it came from. We must have all the
facts."
(Copyright, 1945, by the Bell Syndicate, Inc.)
DontinieSays
WHAT IS THERE in a date? Does the Big
Three meeting of State Department heads
in Moscow stand any better chance of agreement
due to the date? To what extent does Christ-
mas and its origin, the birth of Jesus, influence
affairs? Many believe that the United Nations
Organization waits upon proper attitudes. But
attitudes, unlike content, are problematic. At-
titudes are beneath the behavior of nations as
they are beneath the doings of persons. The
season which now envelops Russia, Great Brit-
ain and the United States is about the most
real thing in experience. Observe ourselves - the
Christmas spirit today embraces the University.
There is much in a date.
Content is g'rasped by the critical faculties.
Content marks the swing of the pendulum to
the intellectual reach of the arc described. At
that extreme of the person or of the culture
are the areas reached by logic and the discip-
lines we build as professions such as law, med-
icine, business, government, engineering,
teaching and the rest. Social enterprise goes
forward with vast libraries, great laboratories,
the symbolic structure of mathematics, and
the precision of microscope and telescope.
Attitudes, unlike content, are not under the
command of man's critical faculties, ad Hoc.
They mark the swing of the pendulum to the
emotional reach of the arc described. At this
extreme of the person or the culture are the
areas reached by the feelings, chiefly. Associ-
ations in families and in ,other face-to-face
groups define the motivation. Man's relation
to nature, the impingement of his own organism
on his ego, his loves and hates arising, perchance,
from native drives such as self-preservation,
whose existence a million or two years before
mind, help make up this emotional side of life
and society. Then there is herding, a manner
of behavior well established long before mind
came to take command. The drive we now know
as reproduction likewise fully a million years
older than mind is ever registering its own ex-
plosiveness and persistence. All of these drives
are set to play upon every new situation, in fact
to help make the situation. Here is defined the
emotional factor to which we refer when we ask
about attitudes.
It is Dr. William H. Sheldon, in Psychology
and the Promethean Will, in his masterful dis-
cussion of religion who says, "The Fourth Panel
(Religion) is concerned with orientation in
time, through bringing feeling to the support o{
thinking, thus building a conscious hierarchy
of values which will give zest and expectancy or
point of life, and will lead personality out to
its fullest emotional and intellectual develop-

ment!". (p. 155).
Christmas, being the one celebration of val-
ues which embraces the whole community,
plumbs the depth of family loyalty, stretches
the imagination of mankind to explore the
influence of the ideal on purpose, and sets
Peace in its rightful place at the heart of
whole peoples, is the unique date of Europe
and America. Perhaps the United Nations
Organization in the climate of this date will
see truth and pursue it.
Counselor in Religious Education
-Edward W. Blakeman
Modern Design
ISN'T. science wonderful? When most of us
were born the average life expectancy wasp
65 years. Latest life insurance company statis-
tics show that children born now can expect to
live 70 years. That is if some old meanie, just
to upset this estimate, doesn't atom bomb us to
smithereens. Isn't science wonderful?
-Malcolm Roemer

Marianne Roane-Years before
the Flood, New York: Charles
Scribner's Sons, 1945, 296 pages.
PERHAPS it is because I became
so strong a devotee of Marianne
Roane's short stories a few years
back when they took an award in
the Hopwoods that I react as I do to
her first novel, Years before the
Flood, also a Hopwood winner and
recently published by Charles Scrib-
ner's Sons. I remember clearly the
psychological nuance, the dramatic
economy, and the literary maturity
of those short stories. They revealed
an architectonic sense in the writer
that turned the smallest detail to
significance. Among modern short
story writers John O'Hara has this
sense, and so, too, has Miss Roane.
There were no tricks to her stories;
they unfolded their meaning neatly,
subtly, and powerfully. Perhaps it
is purely by contrast that I feel
Years before the Flood falls a little
short of this earlier accomplishment.
Years before the Flood might
best be called an extended vignette
though with no connotation of
muperficiality. It is the story of
life in the family of Friedrich Rant
of Gundelfingen, Germany, during
the year 1927, more specifically
during the visit cf John Rant, a
relative who had left Gundelfingen
seven years before, made a fortune
as an Amnrerican importer, and re-
turned to arrange some business
matters with Friedrich.
During John's visit of a few weeks
many kinds of turmoil, simmering
beneath the surface of this charm-
ingly neat and clean but very poor
German town, come to a head and
drive Friedrich, and consequently
the rest of his family a few months
later to follow John back to the
United States. In view of this major
course of events in the novel, its sig-
nificance would seem to be the force
of circumstances, cumulative, which
impel Friedrich's removal to the
United States, and it is exactly in
this matter of cause and effect that
the reader feels a slight loss in Miss
Roane's architectonic sense, possibly
purely a matter of emphasis in the
novel.
The novel actually, and in its best
aspects, concerns itself in about equal
proportions with the psychology and
the psychological relationships of
three people - Friedrich himself,
overworked, self-driven, obsessed with
efficiency; Eleonore Rant, his beau-
tiful, purposeless, and consequently
neurotic wife; and Magdelone, their
whimsical, imaginative, twelve-year-
ld child. The main action of the
novel and thehdetail and color of the
town and family life run in a kind
of fitful rhythm through the minds
of these three characters. Especially
in the characters and actions of
Eleonore and Magdelone is the ex-
treme competence and the forte of
the author revealed --in the deline-
ation of the alternate vainglory anc
bordering hysteria of the insecure
and ego-centric Eleonore, and in the
wonderful, childlike workings of
Magdelone's mind, a beautifully re-
lated flow of visual and tactile images
and sensations. The color and de-
tails of Gundelfingen life, at least ir
its relation to these two, is made
vivid and convincing through suc
an alembic. In these two characters
lies the meaning of the novel, 1
would say; one might speculate that
they were taken from life, so famil-
iarly and sympathetically does the
author handle them - if the author
had not disclaimed it.
Upon the character of Friedrich
however, I think the significance o:
the novel was largely intended to
rest, upon the circumstances whic'
crowd in upon his over-worked an
tense mind and nerves and drive
Friedrich out of Germany - the
ceaseless care of his efficient toy adc
rifle factory, the barely concealed
hatred among his countrymen
toward each other and toward non-
Germans over the war and its cha-

otic aftermath, the antisemitism and
thearising Nazi menace in the forn
of a local hiking society of jobless
youths. One is made aware of thesE
things as adjacent stimuli in care
fully handled scenes, but Friedricl
himself is seen from the very begin
ning as a hurtling, taut individua
who has single-handedly (one is in-
formed rather than convinced) car
ried the burden of his factory
through the post-war inflation an
depression. He has, from the start
a not too well reasoned obsessior
about stupidity and inefficienco
which seems to be symbolized by hi
somewhat silly and vain wife wh
might, as far as emphasis goes, b
the cause of the obsession. From th
beginning he overbears her and th
independent and fascinating Mag-
delone (and others) with appallinE
persistency and single mindedness
So that, finally, the picture of Fried
rich is rather that of a turbulen
psychotic than a man outraged b5
his vision of the course Germany i

. _

DAILY OFFICIAL BULLETIN

Publication in the Daily Official Bul-
letin is constructive notice to all mem-
bers of the University. Notices for the
Bulletin should be sent in typewritten
form to the Assistant to the President,
10c21Angel Hall, by 3:30 p. m. of the day
preceding publication (11:00 a. m. Sat-
urdays).
SUNDAY,.DECEMBER 16, 1945
VOL. LVI, No. 37
Notices
To the Members of the Faculty,
College of Literature, Science, and
the Arts: There will be a special
meeting of the Faculty of the College
of Literature, Science, and the Arts
on Dec. 17 at 4:10 p.m., to discuss
proposed changes in the curriculum.
(See Faculty Minutes, pp. 1186-1193.)
Faculty College of Literature, Sci-
ence, and the Arts: Midsemester re-
ports are due not later than Friday,
Dec. 21.
Report cards are being distributed
to all departmental offices. Green
cards are being provided for freshmen
and sophomores and white cards for
reporting juniors and seniors. Re-
ports of freshmen and sophomores
should be sent to 108 Mason Hall;
those of juniors and seniors to 1220
Angell Hall.
Midsemester reports should name
those students, freshmen and upper-
classmen, whose standing at midsem-
ester is "D" or "E", not merely those
who receive "D" or "E" in so-called
midsemester examinations.
Students electing our courses, but
registered in other schools or colleges
of the University should be reported
to the school or college in which they
are registered.
Additional cards.may be had at 108
Mason Hall or at 1220 Angell Hall.
Choral Union Ushers: Please re-
port by 2:00 p.m. for the Messiah
Concert, today.
Approved Organizaions. The fol-
lowing organizations have submitted
to the Office of the Dean of Students
a list of their officers for the academic
year 1945-46 and have been approved
for that period. Those which have not
registered with that office are pre-
sumed to be inactive for the year
Fraternities and sororities which
maintain houses on the campus, 01
those which are operating temporar-
ily without houses are not included in
this list.
All Nations Club
Alpha Chi Sigma .
Alpha Kappa Alpha
Alha Omega
Alpha Phi Omega
American Institute of Elec. Engin-
eers
Armenian Students Association
Assembly
Christian Science Organization
Congregational Disciples Guild
Delta Sigma Theta
Deutscher Verein
Flying Club
Galens
Graduate Council
Hillel Foundation
Hindustan Association
Inter-Cooperative Council
Inter-Racial Association
Kappa Phi
1La Sociedad Hispanica
Latin American Society
Le Cercle Francais
- Lutheran Student Association
Michigan Christian Fellowship
- Michigan Youth for Dem. Action
1 Newman Club
- Phi Delta Epsilon
Phi Delta Kappa
Philippine-Michigan Club
SPhysical Education Club for Women
Pi Lambda Theta
Polonia Club
y Prescott Club
s Sailing Club
Sigma Rho Tau
e Sigma Xi
e Student Org. for International Coop

eTriangles
Unitarian Student Group
Varsity Glee Club
Veterans' Organization
Wesleyan Guild
t Westminster Guild
V Women's Athletic Association
s Women's Glee Club.
Zeta Phi Eta
Choral Union Members will please
return their copies of the "Messiah"
and pick up in lieu thereof copies of
Mozart's "Requiem" - on Monday,
Tuesday, and Wednesday, at the of
fices of the University Musical So
rita n ;n rnn iuroria~nl rowar_

Academic Notices
History 11, Lecture Section 2 -
Mid-semester, Monday, Dec. 17, 2:00
to 3:00 p.m. Discussion sections 7, 8,
and 9 meet in 1025 Angell Hall; all
others in Natural Science Audito-
rium. Bring blue-books.
Concerts
Handel's "Messiah" will be pre-
sented by the University Music So-
ciety this afternoon, December 16, at
3:00 o'clock, in Hill Auditorium. Par-
ticipants will be Rose Dirman, so-
prano; Kathryn Meisle, contralto;
Arthur Kraft, tenor; Mark Love,
bass; Hugh Norton, narrator; Frieda
Op't Holt Vogan, organist; Special
"Messiah" Orchestra; the University
Choral Union; Hardin Van Deursen,
Conductor,
The audience is invited to join in
the singing of the "Hallelujah" Chor-
us.
The concert will begin on time, and
the public is respectfully requested
to come sufficiently early in order to
be seated, as the doors will be closed
during the performance.
Exhibitions
Exhibit of Paintings and Sketches
by Various Japanese-American Ar-
tists, On Relocation Centers. Through
December 16. Sponsored by Student
Council of Student Religious As-
sociation, Inter-Guild, Inter-Racial
Association, All Nations Club. Office
of Counselor in Religious Education,
Michigan Office of War Relocation
Authority, U. S. Department of In-
terior.
Events Today
Varsity Glee Club: No rehearsal
Sunday at 4:30. Report 7:15Sunday
in the Glee Club rooms for broadcast
rehearsal to be followed by a short
carol sing. Final broadcast rehearsal
Monday, Hill Auditorium, 7:30 p.m.
sharp. Phone 23639 if you cannot
attend.
Carol Sing: Prof. Mattern of the
University School of Music will lead
a Carol Sing on the Library steps to-
night at 7:45. An open house with
hot drinks and cookies will be held,
. after the sing, at Lane Hall.
Coming Events
Michigan Youth for Democratic
Action will have a petition campaign
against American Intervention in
China, on Monday, Dec. 17. There
will be tables in Angell Hall and in
front of the Library, for all those in-
terested.
Graduate Outing Club members
will meet at 7:30 p.m., Monday, Dec.
17, in the Club Rooms of the Rack-
ham Building. There will be a short
business meeting and election of of-
ficers, followed by square dancing.
Inter-Cooperative Council: Meet-
ing of the Board of Directors will be
held Monday, Dec. 17, at 7:30 p.m. at
the Union. All Co-op houses are re-
quired to send two delegates.
University Men's Glee Club and
Women's Glee Club: Because of un-
foreseen complications, the rehearsal
for the Christmas Broadcast on Mon-
day evening, 7:30, will be held at
Morris Hall (Broadcasting station)
instead of in Hill Auditorium, as
previously announced. Another short
rehearsal on the stage of Hill Audi-
torium (with microphone and re-
cording tests) will be held on Tues-
n day afternoon at 4:15 sharp.
Mathematics Club, Change of
Time. The Mathematics Club Meet-
ing has been changed from Tuesday
evening to Monday evening, Dec. 17,
at 8 p.m. in the East Lecture Room
Rackham Building.

Phi Sigma, honorary biological fra-
ternity, will hold a meeting Monday,
Dec. 17, at 8:00 p.m. in the West
Conference Room of Rackham Build-
ing, to elect new officers and mem-
bers. It is urgent that all members
be in attendance.
Le Cercle Francais will hold its
Christmas meeting on Monday, Dec.
e 17, at 8:00 p.m. in the Assembly
Room of the Rackham Building. On
the program: a Christmas short story
by Daudet to be read by Professor
- Charles Koella, group singing of
- Christmas Carols, one or two French

about to follow, and the circum-
stances intended (I have suggested)
as motivation remain rather as vivid
color in the story but not essential
details in a cause and effect sequence.
It may be observed that such cir-
cumstances would be hard to handle
in any other way in these days with-
out running the risk of banality, and
Miss Roane's writing is never banal.
Though other characters at
times are shadowy as characters,

YMiss Roane's writing is consistent-
ly vivid. There is, I mean to say,
an almost infallible sense of meta-
phor and choice of image through-
out which fills out, colors, and gives
wonderful substance to the auth-
or's scenes and to the rhythm of
her psychological sequences. For
this, though not only for this, I
hope Miss Roane is working on an-
other novel.
-Frank Fletcher

BARNABY

The Hangue Dogfood Telephone Quiz Program
is on the air! Our prize this week is a dandy
motion picture camera. We are now dialing
a number scientificnlv hsn of random-

Hello! The Hangue Dogfood Company
has a question for you, sir. And if-
i Un-aoc

By Crockett Johnson
CROCKESVI'
These interruptions . . Let's stroll
outside where I can concentrate,
m'boy, on the problem of getting

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