THE MICHIGAN DAILY
PAGE TWO THTJR~SDA1?', DECEMBER~ 13, 1945
Investigators Hear of Navy
Laxness in Checking Japanese
Stopped Tapping Jap Phones in a waii after
Row with FBI, Five D
By The Associated Press
WASHINGTON, ,Dec. 12 - PearlI
Harbor investigators were told todayt
that the Navy, after a row with the
FBI, stopped listening in on Japanese
telephone conversations in Hawaii1
five days before the Dec. 7, 1941, at-
The FBI continued tapping one
Japanese- consulate line up to the mo-
ment of the assault, and in this way
learned that the consul in Honolulu
was destroying his codes. The tapped
line led to the cook's quarters in the
This evidence, placed before the
Joint Congressional Investigating
Committee, was included in a re-
port by Lt. Col. Henry C. Clausen,
assigned by Secretary of War Stim-
son to make an independent inquiry
The committee also was informed4
of another long-time secret - the
Navy had reports in June, 1940, that
the Japanese would try to sabotage
the Panama Canal if the fleet moved
Adel Explains I
What's in the air?
In Ann Arbor, the answer's rain,
but in scientific parlance, it's gases.
One of the most unusual gases is
nitrous oxide, N20, which has been
floating around for centuries, but was
first discovered in the earth's atmos-
phere in 1939 by Prof. Arthur Adel,
of the physics department.
An answer to another difficult
question, that of N20 got into the
air, is suggested by the petroleum
industry's tentative identification of
the gas as an abundant constituent
of soil air, Prof. Adel said yester-
May Come from Soil
Ammonium nitrites and nitrates
decomposing in fertile soil yield N20,
and this gas may escape into the at-
"Nitrous oxide is scarce," Prof.
Adel explained. "There is only
enough to cover the earth, at Ann
Arbor pressure, with a layer three
millimeters thick. However, photo-
chemists have. not yet successfully
indicated the origin of this minute
Detected N20 in Air
Experimenting at the Lowell Ob-
servatory, Flagstaff, Ariz., Prof. Adel
detected a new absorption band in
the infra-red spectrum of the sun
and identified its cause as N20 in the
earth's, not the sun's atmosphere.
Heavy as carbon dioxide, and
scarce as ozone, nitrous oxide is
composed of the most abundant ele-
ments of air, nitrogen and oxygen.
Yet it now seems probable that some
of this gas is formed, not in the at-
mosphere of the earth, but in the
ground, Prof. Adel said.
Russia Sanctions Move
To Regain Manchuria
CHUNGKING, Dec. 12-(P)-Cen-
tral government troops moved by
road into Mukden and by air into
Changchun today in two giant strides
toward restoring China's sovereignty
over Manchuria, a Tientsin dispatch
Lt. Gen. Tu Li-Ming's forces en-
tered Mukden without incident after
a 240 mile march across southern
Manchuria that began last month,
Chinese military sources reported.
Tientsin sources said the moves
were made in an agreement with
Russia under which Chungking
forces will occupy most strategic
areas in the vast and partly indus-
trialized territory seized by Japan
when she began her fateful era of
Asiatic conquest in 1931.
While Tu's overland units entered.
MVukdexp, Manchuria's largest city,
the fifth division of Chungking's 94th
army began landing by plane at
Changchun, the capital 170 miles to
the northeast, Clements reported.
Russian Troops on Guard
Lt. Gen. Yao Keh-Min, chief of
staff of the division, was quoted as
saying on his return from Chang-
chun to Peiping that Russian troops
were guarding the airfield and soon
would turn it over to his forces.
A Chinese Civil mission was re-
ported operating jointly with the
Russian the railway between Chang-
chun and the Northern Manchurian
city of Harbin and between Chang-
chun and the Southern. Free Port of
Concentration at Peiping
R/E a rin C n-mv l mfg wepr-
ays before Dec. 7, 1941
from its Hawaii base toward the At-
lantic. The fleet feinted an approach
to the canal, but the sabotage didn't
This testimony was developed by
Rep. Keefe (R.-Wis.) from a mes-
sage sent by Admiral Harold R. Stark,
then Chief of Naval Operations, to
Admiral J. O. Richardson, Comman-
der of the Pacific Fleet.
Both disclosures came as Gen.
George C. Marshall, Former Chief
of Staff, proceeded through his
sixth day as a witness.
The wire tapping incident centered
around affidavits obtained by Colonel
Clausen, principally from Lt. Donald
Woodrum, Naval Intelligence Officer
at Pearl Harbor when the attack
Robert L. Shivers, FBI head in
Honolulu, said in an affidavit he nev-
er knew the Navy had stopped its
line-tapping. The Navy had been lis-
tening in on five or six suspected
The committee heard from Gen-
eral Marshall a pointed description
of how concerned the High Com-
mand grew in Washington as the
Pacific situation reached a crisis.
Marshall gave his personal opinion
that war with Japan was "inevitable"
from August, 1941, on but he hoped
to avert it by making a show of force
in the Philippines.
The wartime Chief of Staff said
everything pointed to eventual war
in the Pacific from the summer of
that fateful year onward.
Use -of vet Fund
Some State Senators
Are Reluctant To Act
LANSING, Dec. 12-(iP)- A deci-
sion on the use of Michigan's $51,-
000,000 veterans' reserve fund may be
delayed by state legislators who are
reluctant to authorize the expendi-
ture of the money until more veter-
ans are returned.
Senators Elmer R. Porter, Bliss-
field, and G. Elwood Banine, Van-
dalia, both Republicans, asserted to-
day that a sizeable portion of the leg-
islature believes that a decision on
the best way to use the fund should
not be reached until later in the
year. "There are not enough veter-
ans back home yet for us to obtain a
good idea on what they want done
with the money. I am afraid if we
rush into this too soon-before we
have a chance to see what the full
problem is-we will make a serious
mistake, and once the money is spent
there will be no way of correcting any
mistakes " Porter declared.
Although he has made no public
commitment Governor Kelly has in-
dicated that he intends to submit
the 'decision to the 1946 special ses-
sion of the Legislature. Both Porter
and Bonine said they saw no obsta-
cles to another special session later
in the year.
The Senators said that they had
heard rumors that veterans would
urge a bonus distribution of the fund
rather than an allocation for various
programs of veterans' aid. They said
the sum would amount to only about
$75 apiece for Michigan veterans. It
has been estimated that a bonus
equal to that paid by the state after
World War I would cost Michigan
GENERAL OF THE ARMY DWIGHT D. EISENHOWE. new army chief of staff (rigi ), smiles broad-
ly as he gestures while in conference with President T rman a the White House. The visit was General
Eisenhower's first formal call on the President sine a he suceded Gen. George C. Marshall as army chief.
Catholic Students To
Participate Three Dayst
The Newman Club's annual Re-
treat for all Catholic students, under
the leadership of Father Vincent Jef-
fers of New York, will be held from
Sunday through Tuesday.c
Father Jeffers is assistant director
of the Society for the Propagation of
the Faith in New York.
To Open Sunday
The Retreat will open officially at
the Sunday Masses. There will be
conferences for all students at 7:30
p.i . Sunday, Monday and Tuesday
and at 5:10 p.m. Sunday. A special
conference for men will be held at
5:10 p.m. Monday and for women at
5:10 p.m. Tuesday.
Daily Masses during the retreat
will be held at 6:30, 7, 8 and 9:10 a.m.
Confessions will be heard before the
Masses in the, morning and following
Accounting of Progress
"As the year comes to end," Fa-
ther Frank J. McPhillips, Rector of
St. Mary Chapel, said "it is an ex-
cellent plan to take a few days off
to look back on the past and take an
accounting of the spiritual progress
we are making in life's journey. Dur-
ing this time a proper perspective of
the value of things in life is much
easier to see and the ground for a
stronger more fruitful religious foun-
dation can be broken. We all need
the advantages of a retreat and this
opportunity should not be let slip by."
Chartering of Ships
WASHINGTON, Dec. 12 -(UP) -
The Senate refused today to approve
the peacetime chartering of approxi-
mately 660 war built, government-
owned merchant ships to Russia,
England and other Allies.
An amendment to a ship sales bill,
permitting the maritime commission
to charter the vessels was rejected
on a 36 to 28 roll call vote. Sen. Van-
denberg (R-Mich) voted against the
measure, and Sen. Ferguson (R-
Mich) was not recorded on the vote.
MISSION ON OKINAWA:'
Berger Observes Siirreder
Of Natives Ja anese Soldiers
The day of August 22 on Okinawa
started out just like any other day
for Capt. Milton Berger, '39M he
said in a report received here this
At lunch, which Capt. Berger la-
belled as just one grade above
"snafu," he was invited by Lt. How-
ard Moss, the Commanding Officer
of the Division Language Team, who
had spent the first 17 of his 24 years
in Japan, to observe the method used
by the Army to bring Okinawa na-
tives and Japanese soldiers out of
subterranean hiding places to sur-
render now that the war was over.
Their destination proved to be
one of the largest underground
Criticisme a .rd.
At Not1 re -me
caves on Okinawa Some inter-
preters and coeperative Jap pris-
oners-of-war had arrived earlier
and had entered the mouth of the
cave to blare forth a message
through their portable loud speak-
er to the cave's ocepants.. They
tcld them of the war's end and the
order cf the Japanese Emperor
that they lay down their arms and
surrender peacefully to the Ameri-
Arrangements were made for them
to exit one by one, leaving all weap-
ons just inside th~e entrance of the
cave. The inmates of the shelter
were 17 Nip soldiers from the Jap-
anese homeland and about 100 Oki-
nawa civilians of all ages. It was re-
ported that in April and May this
cave had been used as a hospital and
that a number of those still alive
had been patients.
The soldiers straggled out dirty,
disheveled, tired and poorly nour-
ished. The casualties were in sur-
prisingly good condition despite
their lack of penicillin and sulfa
The emotional reactions, Capt.
Berger stated, were remarkable.
There was absolutely no crying or
whimpering amongst the children or
women. There was generalized froz-
en-faced stolidity at first.
One of the customs hardest for our
people to comprehend, he said, is the
behaviour of the Okinawans towards
their mentally ill, very aged, cripples
and orphans. They refuse these un-
fortunates food or shelter, sending
Hospital Notes . . .
Philip J. Olin, former director of
the Michigan State Hospital health
service has been appointed personnel
officer of University hospital, and
Robert O. Cleveland of Grand Rapids
has been named credit manager, Dr.
A. C. Kerlikowske, medical direc-
tor announcecL yeerday.
. . The correspondence committee
of SOIC will meet 5:15 p. m. to-
morrow in Rm. 302 of the Union.
All members of the committee
are urged to attend any anyone
wishing to sign up for work is also
Sabbath eve services, a fireside dis-
cussion, and a social hour with re-
freshments will form the program of
activities to begin at 7:45 p.m. tomor-
row at Hillel Foundation.
Prof. Mischa Titiev of the anthrou-
ology department will lead a discus-
sion on "The Role of Minority Cul-
tures in the American Scene." The
discussion will be followed by the so-
vukah Movie.. .
"Histadruth: Builder of a Na-
tion," a film depicting the growth
of collective bargaining and the
benefits derived from it in Pales-
tine, will be presented at 8 p.m. to-
day in Hillel Foundation by Avu-
kah, student Zionist organization.
A speech by William Resnick on
thevsame topic will follow the
Education Club .
The Undergraduate Education Club
will meet at 4 p.m. today in the li-
brary of University Elementary
Purpose of the meeting is to organ-
ize committees. All graduates in the
School of Education are urged to at-
tend. Starting a club publication will
also be discussed.
Guest at Center..
Guest of the International Cen-
ter at a tea from 4 to 5:30 p.m. to-
day will be Dr. Frederick F. Fales,
who has been here since yesterday
afternoon interviewing foreign stu-
dents about personal and academic
Dr. Fales, who is on leave of ab-
sence as professor of romance phil-
ology at New York University, is
field secretary of the Institute of
gminar oR Hosea...
Dr. Franklin Littell will discuss
"The Prophet Hosea," in a Seminar
on Prophets of the Old Testament at
7:30 p.m. today in Lane Hall.
'U' Piatist on Air.,.
Ruth Wolkowsky, '45, is now
playing a regularly sponsored
piano program each Saturday,
from 9:05 to 9:30 a.m. over WPAG
Miss Wolkowsky's program is
one of light classical selections and
her own arrangements of popular
.A graduate in the School of
Music, she is at present doing ex-
tensive work under Prof. Brickman.
There will be a meeting of all fra-
ternity house presidents at 7:30 p.m.
today in the IFC office at the Union,
Fred Matthai, IFC president, an-
WASHINGTON, Dec. 12 - kP) -
Over the opposition of President
Truman, the Senate Foreign Rela-
tions Committee voted 17 to 1 today
for a resolution in favor of opening
Palestine to free entry of Jews "to
the maximum of its agricultural and
Chairman Connally (D-Tex), who
cast the only opposition vote, said the
President made it clear to him and
to the committee that passage of any
resolution on Palestine aththis time
would "greatly embarrass him in his
international conferences seeking a
r The President and Prime Minister
Attlee cf Britain have set up a -com-
mission to study the Palestine situa-
tion and report within 120 days.
At Ann Arbor High
Skip Coverington and his orchestra
will present a swing concert Jan. 6
at the Ann Arbor High school audi-
torium, it was announced yesterday.
The concert will be held under the
auspices of the Washtenaw County
chapter of the Disabled American
Included on the program will be a
Tickets are on sale at the Chamber
of Commerce office, and the Michi-
International Education in
SOUTH BEND, Ind., Dec. 12-(A')-
The Rev. A. J. Kehoe acting prefect
of discipline at the University of No-
tre Dame, says students had ac-
cepted an invitation to meet with
faculty advisers today and present
complaints about the fcod and serv-
ice in the university cafeteria.
The meeting was arranged after a
series of minor demonstrations by
members of the student body. Charles
Bartlett, president of the student
council, said yesterday the students,
especially war veterans, objected to
them out into the fields or caves and
sometimes stone them. They lavish
the "chow line" service system.
Father Kehoe said more than 1,-
000 students failed to appear for
lunch yesterday, but that the nor-
mal number of meals were served to-
Former Michigan Mlan
Receives Bronze Star
Captain Donald G. Bills, '28D, hasI
been awarded the Bronze Star by the
Commanding General of the Sixth
Army for meritorious achievements
in connection with military opera-
tions against the enemy in the Neth-
erlands East Indies and on Luzon
from ,Aug. 7 to Sept. 1, 1944, and
from Jan. 20 to May 20, 1945.
Michigan Site May Be
WASHINGTON, Dec. 12- (P)--
Stoyan Cavrilovic, chairman of , a
United Nations sub-committee, today
cabled Senator Vandenberg (R-
Mich) that a proposal to establish
UNO headquarters on Sugar Island,
Mich. "will be given careful consid-
eration in due time."
money and care on the remains and
tombs of their dead, yet make the liv-
ing unfortunates wish they were dead
to escape life's torments, Capt.
Much has been written, the for-
mer Michigan man said,of the basic
confliet of the life and death in-
stincts, for self-preservation versus
The group of soldiers and civilians
who left the cave belonged to that
group whose preservative instinct
had been dominant. The few who re-
mained within, those who had ban-
zaied in hopeless situations and those
who had hari-karied preferred self-
Perhaps, Capt. Berger said, that is
why we were so impressed with the
complete absence of any overt hos-
tility in the attitude ofathis group of
vanquished people towards us. Per-
haps it was just that they have ac-
cepted the inevitable as inevitable.
For me, he said there was the feeling
that when they learn the real truth
of how they had been misled about
us by their paranoid leaders, then
normal friendly relations can be es-
tablished between us.
BONDS ISSUED HERE! DAY OR NIGHT
uOUS .rRYNEW5'" rr WeE
ly 1 30c tc
EE GRENE HANNE CTHO Ru0~ 4 rsCTo
VICIOR MOORE -MARJORIE REYNOLDS 8tyFtgr~~v rasCsD~c~
BARRY SULLIV~~aN 4tt OIe
14 W15, $d1rd
STENOGRAPHER: Argus Incor-
porated, West William and
WANTED: Assistant cook. Experience
not necessary if capable and willing
to learn. Meals furnished, six-day
week, vacation with pay. Apply Miss
Pomlinson, University Health Ser-
WANTED: A ticket for the Union
formal Saturday night. Call Betty
WANTED: Ticket for Union formal
wanted desperately. Please call Pat
WANTED: Male help. Boy with no
eight or 11 o'clock classes to wash
dishes. Apply any morning. Martha
WANTED: Ride to eastern Iowa Fri.,
21st or Sat., 22nd. Call 2-4561. Ar-
LOST-Pair glasses, shell-rim, brown
leather case. On or near campus.
Reward. Phone 2-3246 daytime.
LOST - Silver Link Bracelet, silver
spoon pin, valuable only to me. Nita
FOUND-Parker Pen at Sheean lec-
ture. Owner may have by identify-
ing and paying for this ad. Beverly
York, Phone 3366..
LOST : Tuesday, Dec. 4 on or near
campus, valuable keys in black
morocco case. Finder please leave
at Daily office. Reward.
WILL FINDER of large black leather
purse containing birth certificate,
pictures and contract please keep
the purse and send the contents to
Miss N. Marie DeAgostino, Flat
LOST: Silver bow-shaped pin set with
blue stones. Reward! Phone Caro-
lyn at 2-2243.
WANTED-Pasadena trade. Home at
852 So. Oakland Ave., one mile from
Cal. Tech., one mile from downtown
Pasadena, four blocks from Los An-
geles Speedway, two blocks from
AROUND THE CLOCK WITH WPAG
Coming "AND THEN THERE WERE NONE"
THURS., DEC. 13, 1945
8:15-Meet the Band.
9:45-Moments of Melodies.
10:05-What's New Today?
10:15-What Do You Know?
11:15-Lean Back & Listen.
11:30-Farm & Home Hour.
12 :20-Spike Jones.
12:30-Along the Sports
12:45--Man On the Street.
1:10-Organ Music (Pop.)
1:15-Ray Blocn Presents.
2:15-Melody on Parade.
3 :15-University of Mich.
3l:30-Flashes from Life.
3:40-It Actually Happened.
4;30-Meet Me at Morays.
AN OPTICAL SERVICE
FOR THE STUDENT
tit IN1 L°q l} V 1