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December 12, 1945 - Image 4

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The Michigan Daily, 1945-12-12

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Fifty-Sixth Year

Ztotte i L e &liO(

Congressmen Frown on British Loan

fr- (-{


Edited and managed by students of the University of
Michigan under the authority of the Board of Control
of Student Publications.
Editorial Staff

Ray Dixon ..
Robert Goldman
Betty Roth ..
Margaret Farmer
Arthur J. Kraft
Bill Mullendore
Mary Lu Heath
Ann Schutz
Dona Guimaraes

. . . . . . Managing Editor
. .... City Editor
. . . . . . . torial Director
. . . . . . . Associate Editor
. . . . . . . . . Associate Editor
.~Sports Editor
.Associate Sports Editor
. . . . Women'sEditor
Associate Women's Editor

Business Staff
Dorothy Flint . . . . . . . Business Manager
Joy Altman . . . . . . . Associate Business Mgr.
Telephone 23-24.1
Member of The Associated Press
The Associated Press is exclusively entitled to the use
for re-publication of all news dispatches credited to it or
otherwise credited in this newspaper. All rights of re-
publication of all other matters herein also reserved.
Entered at the Post Office at Ann Arbor, Michigan, as
second-class mail matter.
Subscriptions during the regular school year by car-
rier, $4.50, by mail, $5.25.
Member, Associated Collegiate Press, 1945-46
Editorials published in The Michigan Daily
are written by members of The Daily staff
and represent the views of the writers only.
chola rship Fund
"WE OWE to the men who have gone the
chance to receive what we are now enjoy-
ing." This was the guiding principle which led
to the establishment March 12, 1945, of the
Bomber Scholarship Fund, to aid former Univer-
sity students returned from the war.
Originated by the former Abe Lincoln co-op,
the scholarship plan stressed the principle of
equity; that is, the contribution of all social or-
ganizations on campus, small sacrifices on our
part to match the bigger sacrifices of our fight-
ing men. Now that the Bomber Scholarship Fund
is to be geared for action as a possible "veterans'
emergency fund," the members of this committee
must not forget their responsibility to the student
Because contributions were provided mainly
by student functions, such as Michibomber
Carnival, Victory Varieties and all-campus
dances, legislative power for the execution of
the plan was to be vested in the Student Bomb-
er Scholarship Committee. Article II, section 5,
of the Bomber Scholarship Plan states that the
committee is to exercise all functions not else-
where granted to other authorities, committees
or agencies, such as the Univer'sity Loan Com-
mittee. Thus the student committee shall act
merely as a coordinating agency to supervise
the administration of the Plan, according to its
The confusion of the terms legislative power,
advisory agency and supervision of administra-
tion points to difficulties in the execution of the
"Veterans' emergency fund." Article III, section
1 of the plan provides that "The Chairmen of the
Bomber Scholarship Committee and the Funds
Committee shall meet with the University Loan
Committee when applications for assistance from
the Bomber Scholarship Fund are being consid-
If the Committee, composed of the heads of
the Union, League, IFC, Inter-Co-operative
Council, Pan-He, Assembly, SRA, and The
Daily, in addition to "any other person the
committee deems advisable to admit" (Bill
Akers, VO president, was recently admitted and
elected president of the scholarship commit-
tee), is to supervise administration of the
Fund, it will be the members' duty to maintain
their position.
Student members of faculty-student commit-
tees, such as the Student Affairs Committee and
Board in Control of Student Publications, have,
in the past, been outnumbered by faculty mem-
bers. The Bomber Scholarship Plan, providing
for equal contribution and sacrifice, also desig-
nated equality of power. The firm,careful execu-
tion of this plan will mark a step toward a more
equal representation of student opinion on affairs
concerning the student body.
It is up to all of us, as students who support-
ed the Plan, as returning veterans who will
benefit from it, to insure the success of the
Student Bomber Scholarship Committee.
-Charlotte Brobecker

IT WAS with greatest surprise that I read the
article by Frances Paine (Daily, December 5).
The essence of this editorial is the alarm mani-
fested by the writer over the supposedly rapid
rate of demobilization of the armed forces. Miss
Paine quotes top ranking military and naval
leaders expressing their anxiety over the dimin-
ishing size of the Army and Navy. It is also
contended that by this process we are reverting
to isolationism once more.
The fallacy and absurdity of the contents of
this editorial is almost self evident. It has been
estimated that not more than 1,500,000 men will
be needed to garfison both Germany and Japan.
For Miss Paine's information, let her hereby be
notified that there are more than several times
that numbeI of fellows in the services. It may
also interest her to learn that they are not get-
ting out as rapidly as they could and should be,
which contention any serviceman or veteran can
confirm. Or perhaps it is absolutely essential
to maintain a large force to pick up the proverb-
ial (but so real!) cigaret butts, or chop down
Never have I dreamed that the hard earned
discharges would be begrudged by someone,
especially by one who spent her time during
the war in a much more pleasant manner than
some of us. Or is Miss Paine really so naive
as to be ignorant of the fact that no brasshat
likes to lose his men, since this loss sub-
sequently brings about a decrease in prestige,
importance, rank and salary?
It seems to me that any fair-minded person
will agree that our postwar forces should be
composed of volunteers and men who have not
seen service during the war.
Presumably, Frances never was in the ser-
vice and therefore cannot be acquainted with
the miserable bungling that goes on therein.
Of course, if she believes that the fellows are
getting out too fast, she is entitled to her
opinion. But if Frances wants to become a
successful editorial writer, let her avoid those
topics of which she can, and does, know noth-
Georges Koeser
EDITOR'S NOTE: While it is true that Miss Paine
has never been a member of the armed forces, she
based her editorial on statements by Generals Mar-
shall and Eisenhower. while these statements may
be open to dispute, the subject is certainly a con-
troversial one and thus justifiable material for a
Daily editorial.
Dutch Imperialism
THE INTERVIEW, carried in Friday's Daily,
with Dr. Sentius concerning the Java situ-
ation, was truly amazing. It deserves careful
study by every student who aspires to a thorough
knowledge of world affairs.
It is surprising enough when a, responsible
voice is raised on this supposedly modern
campus, defending the thoroughly antiquated
doctrine of "The White Man's Burden." How-
ever, that Dr. Sentius does such a thoroughly
successful job of selling such shop worn mer-
chandise cannot pass without comment.
Let us examine his arguments more closely.
He claims that: the Javanese people do not
support this uprising because:
(a) the Javanese princes have refused to par-
(b)the resistance force is composed of a
small group of agitators and semi-illiterates.
(c) the "home army" was trained and equip-
ped by the Japanese.
In answer to point (a) I would like to in-
quire why the nobility of any country should
'be expected to support a democratic revolu-
tion, which because it is democratic also I
threatens their own security?
On point (b): If this is true how is it that
such a small ignorant pack of savages have been
able to resist an entire division of British with
a regiment of reserves, naval shelling, rocket
firing aircraft and Sherman tanks (labels re-
moved), not to mention Dutch forces, almost
twice as long as the far better equipped Dutch
could hold out against the Japanese?
Point (c) while containing elements of truth
is primarily an application of the old political

trick of label sticking. Does Dr. S. actually
think the Javanese natives are shedding their
blood in an effort to conquer the world for the
He also claims that the natives are happy and
prosperous under the Dutch rule because:
1. the population is expanding very rapidly
2. all taxes are spent in Java so no tax money
goes to Holland
3. the Dutch have established schools, etc.
On point (1) we must remember that even in
our southern states the population is increasing
at an enormous rate. However with the lynch-
ings, poll tax, Jim Crow, etc., we can hardly point
to their administration with democratic pride.
Obviously it is possible to squeeze far more profit
out of 48 million slave laborers than out of five
On (2) there is more than one way to skin a
cat or suppress a people. Some do it with taxes,
as does Kuomintang China, which collects 50
years in advance. But there are also the profits
of government subsidized corporations. Each

year before the war £32,000,000 profits went to
Holland while in 1932 the average income of the
natives was one cent a day, official Dutch Gov-
ernment figures (Hennder Committee Report).
Later it went up to 25 cents a day (boom times).
On point (3) the Dutch have been liberal in
some respects but they could well afford it.
You make a handsome profit when you rob by
the truckload and return in buckets. Remem-
ber Tammany Hall's Christmas baskets?
Dr. S. failed to mention that the natives have
no say in what is done to them or their land
(except through a handful of Dutch appointees).
He failed to mention. the notorious concentra-
tion camp at Tenati Merah for political dis-
He also failed to mention that Java, a jewel
among colonies, rich in oil, rubber, tin, gold,
silver, exporting vast quantities of tea, coffee,
copra, cocoa and agricultural products could
easily support its population with a living
standard equal or surpassing that of the U.S.
if its wealth were not constantly drained off
into foreign pockets.
-Cornelius J. Loeser, '46 Lit.
Moscow Meeting
Nfirst fact to notice n connection with the an-
nouncement of the new Big Three meeting in
Moscow is the relief of world tension that follows
the news. We feel better. Even the grimmest of
editorial pages crack tiny smiles. As always, dur-
ing and since the war, the news that the Big
Three are coming together again gives us the
feeling that a period of worry in international
affairs is being follovd by a period of work;
that now we shall make, we shall do, we shall
We ought, by now, to become objectively
conscious of this rhythm, to understand, as a
fact of our lives, that periods of Big Three col-
laboration are periods of progress, or at least
of hope, while periods of Big Three breakdown
are periods of deadlock, if not of actual regres-
sion, in world affairs. We have tested this out
half a dozen times, and the answer is always
the same.
When the Big Three fall out, we find, with the
best will in the world, that we have to make our
foreign policy speeches on Navy Day, under the
large guns, and that we must offer ourselves an
unadorned universal military training as the last
best hope of man on earth. When the Big Three
come together, two or three additional possi-
bilities open up, including the not minor one of
peace. Subtly our mood changes, from that of
angry schoolmaster to the universe, to the more
relaxed conception of ourselves as a partner in
2. But the last three months have not been
wasted. We have been testing out the policy
of outvoting the Soviet Union, as compared
with the doctrine of unanimity with her. Every
refinement has been experimented with and
tried out.
We started with a five-power conference of
foreign ministers in September, submerging Rus-
sia four to one. We then flirted with the possi-
bility of "leaving everything" to the United Na-
tions Organization, which would make it some-
thing like forty to one. Russia has countered by
reciting the history of the war, and demanding
a return to the grand alliance of three which
won the war. If Russia had a bloc in the United
Nations Organization, equivalent to our grouping
of Latin American friends, it is to be. doubted if
she would be quite so concerned with the theo-
retical purity of maintaining the grand alliance;
while contrariwise, if we felt ourselves likely to
be outvoted in the United Nations Organization,
we might be just a shade less enthusiastic about
the parliament of man, or the "town meeting
of the world," to use Mr. Vandenburg's favorite
Both sides have been experimenting with the
theoretical formulations which basically reduce
- themselves to contrary voting formulas. The
last three months have been a useful, and per-
haps necessary, period of fencing; they have
shown the world that the voting question can-
not be finessed, or sidestepped, or drowned in

formulas, but must be faced squarely. That,
too, is progress; as it is always progress to lose
the illusion of a false and easy out.
3. The fact is that Russia is not just another
country; she is the Communist country; and she
fears us, and we fear communism. We have our
choice of two approaches. We can, if we like,
test out our area of disagreement; this motive
shows up in proposals to throw "everything" into
the United Nations Organization councils, to let
issues be batted out in a free-for-all, to see how
far we can differ, and still, somehow get by.
The other approach is to test out our area of
agreement, to see how far we can see eye to eye
with Russia, and still get by, and this approach
calls for constant Big Three communication.
It seems topme there can be no question but
that the second is more constructive; for one
reason, because it does not rule out the UNO,
while the first approach does rule out accord,
a lesson we have learned in three dark, if useful
months, ninety of the most indifferent days in
the recent history of man.
(Copyright, 1945, N. Y. Post Syndicate)

WASHINGTON - Congressional
leaders attended a secret State
Department dinner at Blair House-
usually reserved for foreign poten-
tates-in order to hear a sales talk
on the loan to Britain.
Sales-talkers were Secretary of
State Byrnes, Assistant Secretary
Will Clayton, Secretary of the Treas-
ury Vinson, and Federal Reserve
Governor Marriner Eccles. Congres-
sicnal listeners were: Senators
George (Ga.), Vandenberg (Mich.),
White (Me.), Tobey (N.H.), Wagner
(N.Y.), Connally (Texas), Austin
(Vt.)>; and Representatives Bloom
(N.Y.), Eaton (N.J.), Spence (Ky.),
and Wolcott (Mich.).
Tnhe legislators listened, but were
not pleased-especially over the fact
that they had not been consulted be-
fore all details were arranged. Both
Tom Connally and Walter George
made this point. Also they felt we
had not won sufficient assurance
that Britain would end discrimina-
tory trade practices.
What bothered them most, how-j
ever, was the idea that the British
loan might mean further loans to
other countries.
"After this loan, who is to be
next," Senator George wanted to
know. "Is Russia next?"
"Russia doesn't need any large
loan from, us," replied Secretary
Byrnes, "and if they ask for it I
certainly won't approve it."
This prompted an impish question
from Senator Vandenberg.
"Is thit the way to foster closer
relations with the Russians?" lie
asked. Then he went on to remark
that it doesn't help matters at all to
open our treasury to the British and
then close it to the Russians and
Pass Senate First
ONE REASON for the secret din-
ner was to discuss the best strat-
egy for winning Congressional ap-
proval. Vinson and Byrnes were both
worried about House reaction, feeling
that lengthy and acrimonious public
debate over the loan would be bad
for our relations with the British.'

involving appropriations, however,
is for the House to consider the
legislation first.
But the Senators, still irked be-
cause they had not been consulted
during the negotiations, were in no
mood to make the winning of Con-
gressional sanction for the loan any
easier than they had to. Instead of
agreeing that the loan should be re-
ferred to them first, they insisted
that ordinary procedure be followed,
with legislation first going to the
NOTE-Of all the solons present,
the only man who seemed truly
anxious to help the State and
Treasury Departments was New
Hampshire's Republican Senator
Charles Tobey. One of the most
isolationist Senators in the early
part of the war, Tobey has now be-
come a genuine progressive.
Truman Listens
WHEN President Roosevelt received
White House callers he usually
did three-fourths of the talking.
When President Truman receives
callers he usually does seven-eighths
of the listening. But sometimes he
fools people.
One day, however, it was a
different story, when the President's
old cronies of the Truman Committee
(now the Mead Committee) came up

to talk about the way the army is
hoarding surplus materiel,
Chairman Jim Mead of New
York and Committee Counsel
George Meader had prepared a
detailed report showing how the
army is hoarding millions of blank-
ets, sheets, underdrawers, and
other surplus goods. Mead began
to read from this document, but
before he could get into it, the
President took over.
"Yes, I know about that, Jim," said
Truman. "I've been doing a lot of
thinking about this whole question
of surplus disposal, and I'm going to
work out a new scheme to push the
stuff out. I'm going to give the
whole sales job to the RFC, and put
some top-flight merchandisers in
there. We'll put merchandisers in
the RFC regional offices, too, to get
the goods moving. I know some of
you don't like the way the RFC has
been functioning, but it is the org-
anization which has regional offices
already set up, and I think it will be
better to work through an operating
Truman then continued to do
most of the talking. He told the
committee that the Smaller War
Plants Corporation would be kept
in the picture as a claiming agency
for small business and veterans,
and talked at length of the urgency
of getting surplus property moved.
(Copyright, 1945, Bell Syndicate, Inc.)


Publication in the Daily Official Bul-
letin is constructive notice to all mem-
bers of the University. Notices for the
Bulletin should be sent in typewritten
form to the Assistant to the President,
1021 Angell Hall, by 3:30 p. m. of the day
preceding publication (11:00 a. m. Sat-
VOL. LVI, No. 33

Although they expect eventual House Student Tea: President and Mrs.
approval, they felt it would go StdnTe:PsintadM.
apprvalthe fel itwoul goRuthven will be at home to students
through with less difficulty and em-his aftrnonefrom06:00 s
barrassment if the Senate were to
vote first. Faculty College of Literature, Sci-
Usual procedure on all matters ence, and the Arts: Midsemester re-
ports are due not later than Friday,
Dec. 21.
Report cards are being distributed
to all departmental offices. Green
cards are being provided for freshmen
and sophomores and white cards for
reporting juniors and seniors. Re-
ports of freshmen and sophomores
should be sent to 108 Mason Hall;
BY WLLIA S. OLDSEIN those of juniors and seniors to 1220
Angell Hall.
EDITOR'S NOTE: Because of the Midsemester reports should name
unquestionably biased position of a those students, freshmen and upper-
certain columnist whose name we classmen, whose standing at midsem-
shall not disclose, we shall refrain ester is "D" or "E", not merely those
from mentioning the fact that our who receive "D" or "E" in so-called
favorite campus humor magazine, midsemester examinations,
"The Gargoyle," will appear on the Students electing our courses, but
newsstands tomorrow, December 13. registered in other schools or colleges
As an aside we might say that if the of the University should be reported
galley proofs are any indication of to the school or college in which they
the magazine's content, it will be an are registered.
Additional cards may be had at 108
unqualified success. We have al-
ready started to shine up our quar- Mason Hall or at 1220 Angell Hall.
ter (the better to buy the maga- L. S. & A. Civilian Freshman Five-
zine) in expectation of the recently Week Reports will be given out in the
revived publication's appearance- Academic Counselors' Office, 108
hot from the press and two steps Mason Hall, in the following order:
ahead of the postal authorities. Monday, Dec. 10, A through E
Tuesday, Dec. 11, F through K
WE'VE known all along that it Wednesday, Dec. 12, Lrthrough R
would snow sooner or later, and Thursday, Dec. 13, S through Z.
we decided to prepare a column for-
the occasion. This harangue deserves SENIORS: College of L. S. & A., and
a title: "What to do when it gets cold Schools of Education, Music, and
in Ann Arbor," or, "When the house Public Health:
mother comes into the sitting room at Tentative lists of senior
12:15 on Saturdaysnights,is it as graduation have been posted on the.
cold outside as it is inside?"....... bulletin board in Room 4 University
1. Skiing, pronounced "sheing." Hall. If your name is misspelled or
The idea is to stand on top of any the degree expected incorrect, please
handy hill, yell lustily, "TRACK," at notify the Counter Clerk.
someone in the way, and then try to -Ira M. Smith
reach the point where he's standing. Students Fall Ter
On the way down you can do a gelun-
dersprung, being careful not to trip College of Literature, Science, and
over the last three syllables. theAt:
2. Satig, ronuncd "hkai Except under extraordinary cir-
2. Skating, pronounced ''shkatmng. cumstances, courses dropped by up-
This sport is as easy as falling off a perclassmen after today will be re-
log and closely resembles that ancient corded with a grade of "E."
Aztec custom. If you're as artful as,-E.dA. Wr dtfr.
we are, your feet contact the ice at E. A. Walter
two points: the side of your runner Veterans World War II: A tutorial
and the inside of your shin bone. For section has been organized in English
people whose ankles don't bend easily, Composition. This section is for be-
there are double runners. ginners. and meets Tuesday. Thurs-

The Business Office and those de-
partmental offices of the University
which can properly be closed will not
be open on Monday, December 24.
Herbert G. Watkins, Secretary.
State of Connecticut Civil Service
Announcement for Senior Case
Worker (Child Welfare), $1920 to
$2340, has been received in our of-
fice. For further information re-
garding the examination, call at the
Bureau of Appointments, 201 Mason
Cadet-Midshipman (Engine) and
Cadet-Midshipman (Deck) in the U.
S. Merchant Marine Cadet Corps:
Announcement concerning appoint-
ment has been received in this office.
For further information call at the
Bureau of Appointments, 201 Mason
Detroit Civil Service announcement
for Supervisor of Hospital Nurse Edu-
cation has been received in our office.
For further information call at the
Bureau of Appointments, 201 Mason
1946 Withholding Tax Exemption
Certificate. Government regulations
require that, if any change in the
number of exemptions to which you
are entitled under the withholding
tax laws has occurred since you last
filed an exemption certificate, a new
certificate be filed immediately. If it
is necessary for you to file a new
form, it may be obtained at the Pay-
roll Department of the University,
Room 9, University Hall. This should
be done immediately.
Lecture: Dr. and Mrs. Harry A.
Overstreet, noted authors, lecturers,
philosophers, and psychologists, will
lecture in Pattengill Auditorium to-
night at 8:00, on the subject "The
Individual Moves into the Commun-
ity." The lecture, sponsored by the
University of Michigan Extension
Service and the Ann Arbor Adult Ed-
ucation Council, is open to the pub-
Academic Notices
Biological Chemistry Seminar will
meet on Friday; Dec: 14, at 4 p.m.,
in 319 West Medical Building. "Vita-
min A - Carotenes, Chemical Rela-
tionships," will be discussed. All in-
terested are invited.
Seminar on Employment in Fores-
try: Professors Ramsdell and Craig
will discuss various phases of em-
ployment in the U. S. Forest Service
at the regular seminar meeting
Thursday afternoon at 4:30 in room
209, Natural Science building. All
persons interested will be welcomed.
Exhibit of Paintings and Sketches
by Various Japanese-American Ar-
tists, On Relocation Centers. Through
December 16. Sponsored by' Student
Council of Student Religious As-
sociation, Inter-Guild, Inter-Racial
Association, All Nations Club. Office
of Counselor in Religious Education,
Michigan Office of War Relocation
Authority, U. S. Department of In-
'i ,, yn c. a ,

Veterans' Dance

3. Tobogganing. This sport is a
natural if you want to impress your
girl. You take her down the long-
est, steepest run you can find while
she yells in holy terror (a neat term
for your car). After the run when
you can speak without spitting out
your heart, you tell her, "It was
nothing, - but since you're afraid,
let's go." You can usually take six
steps towards home before your legs
give way.

511CC, a u xicj c ua, LIU
day and Friday at 7:30 p.m., Room
3209 Angell Hall. Mr. John O'Neill
will be the instructor.
Attention: Pre-Medical Students:
A fewtickets are still available for
the Medical Aptitude Examination to
be given here on Friday, Dec. 14. Any
student planning to enter a medical
school in the fall of 1946 and who
has not previously taken the test
should do so at this time. Further
information may be obtained in Room
4, University Hall and fees are pay-
able at the Cashier's Office.
Communications to the Regents:

DATE Bureaus have been established in the
lobbies of the Union and League so that vet-
erans and women may register for the informal
dance to be held Friday at Waterman Gym.
Sponsored by the University and Regents, this
is the first dance to be presented in honor of
recently returned veterans. The affair was


By Crockett Johnson


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