TH EMICHIG AN DAILY
SATURDA DECEMBER 8, 1945
_____________________________________________________________ U -
Grew's Diary Criticizes FDR
Letters to the Editor
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NIGHT EDITOR: ANITA FRANZ
Editorials published in The Michigan Daily
are written by members of The Daily staff
and represent the views of the writers only.
THE literary college faculty has agreed that
student opinion should be a factor in faculty
discussions on proposed changes in the curricu-
lum. In response to a Daily editorial criticizing
the University's "policy of secrecy," Dean Hay-
ward Keniston has announced that the proposals
will be presented to a student committee next
week and that a report of the discussions will be
conveyed to the faculty in its next meeting.
Although this step is certainly to be com-
mended, we do not believe it goes far enough.
We have suggested that publicizing the pro-
posed changes would have no harmful effects.
The Harvard Plan was accorded unlimited pub-
licity, seemingly without "pressuring" the Har-
vard faculty in any way.
We cannot help but believe that the best
interests of the University will be served only
by a complete revelation of the proposed
changes to the student body at large and to
the people of the State of Michigan.
A NARROW pre-professional program in liter-
ary colleges can prevent American colleges
and universities from functioning as institutions
for the preservation of democracy. This view
was set forth by President Alexander Ruthven
in an interview with the Daily Feb. 21, 1938.
In the light of the enactment and discussion of
curriculum changes at many schools, including
Michigan, the view is pertinent today.
"By giving students a broad general educa-
tion, they are being taught to think for them-
selves, and that should be the function of the
literary college today," President Ruthven
said. "This end is being accomplished through
a cultural curriculum," he continued.
President Ruthven thought at that time that
"the Michigan system permits that (pursuit of a
field of special interest) without arriving at too
much specialization." Naturally pedagogical
theory changes to suit the times, and perhaps to
anticipate the future.
It seems that the curriculum changes many
universities have recently inaugurated have
been directed primarily towards fulfillment of
those principles which President Ruthven set
forth nearly eight years ago. If this interpre-
tation of the educational trend is correct, the
basic Michigan plan as it presently exists in the
literary college is sound. As President Ruthven
pointed out, the program here more or less
reaches a happy medium between too much spe-
cialization and a meaningless floundering about
in many fields.
Sweeping changes do not seem to be in
order; the problem for Michigan seems rather
to improve the courses, faculty and facilities
for the present program and to extend it.
STATISTICS fascinate us. For instance:
By DREW PEARSON
WASHINGTON.-If the Pearl Harbor commit-
tee forces ex-ambassador Joe Grew to make
public his 13-volume diary, the Senate will get
some juicy gossip, especially in regard to certain
ladies of the diplomatic corps in Tokyo. The
diary will not change the overall picture regard-
ing Pearl Harbor.
Some portions of the diary would be highly
embarrassing to Grew, however, were they pub-
lished. On Dec. 8, 1941, for instance, the day
after Pearl Harbor, when the ambassador and
his staff were confined by the Japs to the em-
bassy grounds, Grew wrote a bitter denunciation
of Roosevelt. He kept up this line of criticism
until he returned to Washington, following
which he changed his tune.
Back in Washington, Grew seemed to think
that Japanese-American relations had been
handled about as well as possible before Pearl
Harbor and he became an ardent Roosevelt
rooter, so much so that FDR appointed him
under secretary of state.
The Grew diary would also show that he had
considered Emperor Hirohito a harmless and in-
nocent little man whom it did not hurt to ap-
pease. Some people would get the idea from
reading Grew's diary that he himself was an
emperor-worshipper, though actually he believed
that the institution of emperor should be pre-
served to win over the Japanese people. This
was why he went to the unusual length of writing
a directive suppressing FCC intercepts of Jap
broadcasts regarding the emperor.
During most of Grew's term in Tokyo, he fol-
lowed the Wall street-Thomas Lamont line of
letting the Japs have their heads. The diary
shows that he was much opposed to Roosevelt's
quarantine speech proposing a boycott against
aggressor nations and that he favored the
continuation of oil and scrap iron shipments
to Japan as a policy of appeasement.
NOTE-At one time Collier's planned to write
a series of articles based on the Grew diary, but
he would not permit publication of the more in-
timate portions and the deal blew up. Cordell
Hull was highly incensed that outsiders had
been permitted to see these sections.
AT THE PHILADELPHIA navy yard, a total of
12 cars of aviators' leather jackets valued at
$42 each are being slashed up the back so
they can be condemned and then burned. Men
working in the navy yard protested, even asked
if they could purchase some of the coats. They
were overruled by the admiral. . . . Why not let
discharged aviators take their coats home or else
ship them to Europe for UNRRA relief purposes
... When Leo Crowley was head of the Foreign
Economic Administration, he set up machinery
for revamping cast-off army clothing into relief
Very belatedly, Maj. Gen. Norman Kirk, the
Surgeon General, has got around to releasing a
dribble of dentists and doctors. The number re-
leased is still nothing compared to what the
country needs. However, Kirk is still holding
several thousand X-ray, dental and laboratory
technicians, most of them loafing around with
only a couple of hours work each day. They are
being held despite the fact that they have ample
discharge points and despite the fact that civil-
ian hospitals are desperately hard up for tech-
Unfortunately General~Marshall's promise
to discharge U. S. soldiers who were held cap-
tive by the Germans for more than 60 days
isn't being carried out in many camps. Some
LAST week 700 American planes were flown
from Burma and India to China, presumably
to give to the Chinese government. Among other
incidents 11 crashed because of the miserable
weather and several Americans lost their lives.
The flight was ordered by the War Depart-
ment and was carried out by the 14th and 10th
Air Forces. In addition, the Chinese Communist
press has charged that American troops were
wounded during the battle of Yi Yuan while at-
tached to Nationalist battalions.
By attempting to aid the Chinese National-
ists in this way, we are taking sides in a con-
flict which is none of our business. It is a civil
war in the country of one of our Allies. We
have no right to decide who is correct and we
have even less right to enforce that decision
with American army equipment, especially at
the loss of American; lives.
A parallel could be cited by mentioning the
British attempt at interference in our own Civil
War. They diplomatically withdrew, but we
have showed no inclination to follow any such
course of action.
America has placed herself in an extremely
dangerous and embarrassing position for a coun-
try that is supposedly at peace. We leave o~r-
selves wide open for attacks on the basis of
hypocrisy and anything else they want to throw
It may be necessary to station American
boys in various parts of the world for a while
longer, but they certainly should not continue
to risk their lives in a fight which is not theirs.
-Phyllis L. Kaye
former.U. S. prisoners are even given the dis-
tasteful job of guarding Germans.
A LOT of Navy politics is mixed up in backstage
maneuvering of certain admirals as to
whether they should give the Navy Medal of
Honor to Father Joe O'Callahan, heroic chaplain
of the stricken airplane carrier Franklin.
Reason for the maneuvering is that, if the
Medal of Honor goes to the chaplain, the Board
of Awards also feels that it will have to give an
equal award to Capt. Lesley E. Gehres, skipper
of the Franklin. And he is not an Annapolis
graduate. So the Annapolis grads on the board
have held back the Medal of Honor to both Fa-
ther O'Callahan and Captain Gehres.
(Copyright, 1945, by the Bell Syndicate, Tnc.)
I'D RATHER BE RIGHT:
By SAMUEL GRAFTON
ORGANIZED labor has broken with the federal
administration, for the first time in almost
thirteen years; and this is a situation so new
that it will take months, perhaps more than
months, to arrive at its full political meaning.
We have become so used to a labor movement
which had complete faith in the head of the
federal machine, which was willing to go where
he went, to do as he bade, that we had almost
ceased to question this relationship; we had al-
most come to accept it as a fact of life, as a
standard operating method.
To wake up and find most labor denouncing
the President of the United States is like wak-
ing up to find that someone had repainted all
the buildings in town overnight, and changed
the street signs, it will take us a little time to
learn our way around.
The results may be striking, and may go
deeper than is expected, even by experienced
practical politicians. The first effect has been
to throw the disunited branches of the labor
movement into each other's arms, at least on
the issue of opposing President Truman's plan
for a compulsory fact-finding and cooling-off
period in advance of strikes. Mr. Murray, Mr.
Green and Mr. Lewis are making identical
noises, for the first time in five or six years.
As to whether this new unity will last, as to
whether it will take organizational form, it is
impossible to guess; but it is the first big fact
to come up out of the new situation.
What next? Well, the fortunes of the Demo-
cratic party are heavily involved. The Democrats
have had labor support in a number of national
elections, while the Republicans have hardly
bothered even to make a serious bid for labor
votes. What has happened is that both Mr. Tru-
man and the labor movement have lost out in a
fight within the Democratic party; the conserva-
tive Congressional wing of the party has taken
control, and it now proposes to compete with the
Republicans, on a rather narrow basis, for votes
from conservatives and from persons who stand
right of center. The two parties will now slug it
out to see which wins these votes, while an enor-
mous political no man's land has been created,
in which the labor movement wanders at the
moment, slightly lost.
IT WOULD not be surprising, then, to begin to
hear third party talk, at least from the left
side of the labor movement. It would not be
strange if the C.I.O., which began as a labor fed-
eration with a deep interest in politics, and
then became a labor federation with a political
action arm, moved over the line now, and started
something like an outright political party. The
vehemence with which so many sections of the
labor movement have broken with Mr. Truman
and the Democratic party seems to indicate that
something like this is in the winds, or is in-
herent in the structure and nature of the politi-
For Mr. Truman's proposal, of itself, was
not immoderate; and it granted one of labor's
prime demands, in including examination of
corporate books. The storm broke because of
an accumulation of events, because of Mr.
Truman's own defeats on liberal legislation,
because of the rise of the Congressional bloc
to power in the party, because that bloc ac-
cepts Mr. Truman's leadership only on a meas-
ure to control labor action. And the feeling
that a deep political shift is going on, and
not a mere quarrel over one bill, is strength-
ened when we hear so conservative a labor
leader as Mr. Green solemnly say to Congress
that "when driven to desperation, we too will
turn to the left."
Here the greatest surprise of all may develop;
for it is certainly not the Congressional intention
to provoke a leftward drift in America. Quite
the contrary; but there has been a failure in
Congress to recognize how basically conserva-
tive, in the best sense, was the previous alliance
between labor and the Democratic party. It
forced a measure of agreement and unity on
men of diverse views, and held them all back.
Independent labor action is not a conserva-
tive development, but a leftward development
in national life; and the men of the right may
not have won quite the victory they imagine.
They have' thought of everything, except the
principle that one thing leads to another.
(Copyright, 1945, N. Y. Post Syndicate)
OPEN LETTER TO VETERANS:
YOU FELLOWS may have heard a
great deal from all sides as to
what different Veteran groups and
organizations are doing, or should I
say, talk about doing. Many of you
are familiar with the campus Vet-
erans Organization, but to those of
you who are not, I would like to say
that the members of the V.O. are
taking the lead in solving important
issues. For instance, this summer vet-
erans of V.O. were much concerned
about the critical housing shortage
facing all returning G.I.'s, and so
they went to work upon this matter.
The results were that hitherto un-
known rooms were found and tem-
porary units brought over from Wil-
low Run. Then too, the question of
an extended Christmas vacation came
up at one of the later meetings, and
the executive committee was appoint-
ed to do something about it. The re-
sults of this action are well known to
These are only several of the many
things done by the campus Veterans
Organization. These things were not
only talked about, but something was
also done about them. Below are list-
ed some of the things which Veterans
are now working on-not just talk-
1. V.O. has taken the lead in try-
ing to secure a low-cost non-profit
eating establishment from which ev-
ery one of us would benefit. This is
not just idle talk! V.. is the only
university group working on this sub-
2. V.O. has taken the lead in trying
to bring about a generally lower cost
of living in the city 'of Ann Arbor.
3. V.O. has taken the lead on cam-
pus in securing housing for all re-
turning G.I's who hope to attend the
U. of M.
4. V.O. has taken the lead on cam-
pus to promote a "Veterans Interna-
tional Student Exchange Program."
Every veteran on the campus is
eligible to become a member of V..
now and to work out together prob-
lems concerning our own futures.
The V.O. meets every other Wed-
nesday at 7:30 p.m. in the Michigan
Union. The next two meetings are on
Dec. 5th and Dec. 19th. V.O. office
is in Lane Hall with hours from 2 to
4 p.m. Monday through Friday.
Houser Report ,. ,
TO THE EDITOR:
THE REPORTER who covered the
Inter-Racial Association's pres-
entation of George M. Houser did a
very inadequate job. In fact she miss-
ed the very heart of his address.
In his speech Mr. Houser did not
proclaim the thesis that "the best
approach to the race question
is through education" and "govern-
ment action." He stated that these
two factors were very significant.
However, the main thesis of Mr.
Houser's address was that one import-
ant way to combat racial discrimina-
tion is by the use of cooperative, in-
ter-racial, direct non-violent action.
He gave examples of how this tech-
nique had been employed successfully
in Cleveland, Chicago, Washington
and other cities. Further, he stated
that the steps of investigation, pick-
eting and boycotting were used in
this type of action.
The Congress of Racial Equality,
of which Mr. Houser is executive-
secretary, is a national federation
of local inter-racial groups commit-
ted to the goal of erasing the color
line through methods of direct non-
Chairman IRA Education Committee.
Indian Films.. .
TO THE EDITOR:
IN CONNECTION with Mr. Saxena's
letter appearing in the Dec. 5 issue
of The Daily, regarding the showing
of Indian films on the campus, I be-
lieve it would take a very long time
to obtain copies of the films mention-
ed by him, from India. On the other
hand, I know of two Indian films
which have been shown in the United
States or are about to be shown. These
are: "The Court Dancer", a full-
length feature in English, the exhi-
bition rights of which are with the
Columbia Pictures Corporation, and
Money saved inVictory Loan Bonds
is equivalent to cash on hand that
grows constantly, after the first year,
for nine years. At maturity these
bonds are worth 331/3 per cent more
than your original investment.
"Dnyaneshwar", also a full-length
feature with English subtitles.
However, if the University author-
ities plan showing really good films
on various aspects of Indian life, then
instead of selecting these full-length
films which are unimaginative in
presentation and devoid of realism, it
would be advisable to procure some
of the educational shorts produced
by the "Information Films of India",
sponsored by the Educational Depart-
ment of the Government of India.
-Dharamdas M. Shah.
DAILY OFFICIAL BULLETIN
Publication in the Daily Official Bul-
letini is constructive notice to all mem-
bers of the University. Notices for the
Bulletin should be sent in typewritten
form to the Assistant to the President,
1021 Angell Hall, by 3:30 p. m. of the day
preceding publication (11:00 a. m. Sat-
SATURDAY, DECEMBER 8, 1945
VOL. LVI, No. 30
Memorial to Dea% C. S. Yoakum.
Under the auspices of the University,
a memorial meeting will be held at
4:15 p.m., Monday, Dec. 10, in the
Rackham Lecture Hall, in honor of
the late Dr. Clarence Stone Yoakum,
Dean of the Horace 11. Rackham
School of Graduate Studies. Members
of the faculties, students, and other
friends of Dean Yoakum are invited
to be present.
"Faculty Tea": President and~ Mrs.
Ruthven will be at home to members
of the faculty and other townspeople
Sunday, Dec. 9, from 4:00 to 6:00.
Cars may park in the restricted zone
on South University between 4:00 and
The Business Office and those de-
partmental offices of the University
which can properly be closed will not
be open on Monday, December 24.
Herbert G. Watkins, Secretary.
1946 Withholding Tax Exemption
Certificate. Government regulations
require that, if any change in the
number of exemptions to which you
are entitled under the withholding
tax laws has occurred since you last
filed an exemption certificate, a new
certificate be filed immediately. If it
is necessary for you to file a new
form, it may be obtained at the Pay-
roll Department of the University,
Room 9, University Hall. This should
be done immediately.
Students, Fall Term College of Lit-
erature, Science, and The Arts:
Courses dropped after Wednesday,
Dec. 12, by students other than fresh-
men will be recorded with the grade
of "E." Freshmen (students with less
than 24 hours of credit) may drop
courses without penalty through the;
eighth week, upon the recommenda-
tion of their academic counselors.
Exceptions to these regulations may
be made only because of extraordin-
ary circumstances, such as serious ill-
E. A. Walter
L. S. & A. Civilian Freshman Five-
Week Reports will be given out in the
Academic Counselors' Office, 108
Mason Hall, in the following order:
Monday, Dec. 10, A through E
Tuesday, Dec. 11, F through K
Wednesday, Dec. 12, L through R
Thursday, Dec. 13, S through Z.
Veterans World War II: An addi-
tional tutorial section has been organ-
ized in Spanish. This section is for
beginners, and meets Monday,
Wednesday and Friday, Languag
Building. Dr. Hootkins will be the
All Student Organizations must re-
turn their cdntracts by Saturday, Dec.
15, if they want space in the 1946
Michiganensian. The Michiganensian
will not guarantee insertion of the
page if the contract is not received at
that time. It is not necessary that
pictures, reading material, or checks
be turned in with the contract.
Fraternity and sorority contracts
must be returned by Monday, Dec. 10.
Identification Pictures will be given
out through Dec., 8 from the cage in
University Hall outside of Room 2,
Candidates for Newark Teaching
Certificates: We'have received notice
from the Board of Education, Newark,
N. J., that examinations for candi-
dates who desire to qualify for New-
ark teaching certificates will be held
at the Central High School, Dec. 27,
1945. Anyone interested may receive
further information by calling at the
Bureau of Appointments and Occupa-
tional Information, 201 Mason Hall.
Frances Perkins, former Secretary
his new speaking date is announced.
Tickets for the Perkins lecture go on
sale in Hill Auditorium box office
Monday, Dec. 10.
Lecture: Dr. and Mrs. Harry A.
Overstreet, noted authors, lecturers,
philosophers, and psychologists, will
lecture in Pattengill Auditorium on
Wednesday evening, Dec. 12, at 8:00,
on the subject "The Individual Moves
Into the Community." The lecture,
sponsored by the University of Michi-
gan Extension Service and the Ann
Arbor Adult Education Council, is
open to the public.
Lecture: Wednesday, Dec. 12, 8:00
p.m. Sigma Xi will hold its first pub-
lic meeting of the season in the West
Physics Bd1k. Lecture Room. Dr. Rob-
ley C. Williams will discuss the Elec-
tron Microscope and will exhibit
startling and unique photographs of
ultramicroscopic o jects, organic and
inorganic, taken by the ingenious new
method devised on this campus and
hailed as such a valuable scientific
contribution last spring. The micro-
scope itself will be displayed after
the lecture, in Randall Bldg. Guests
will be welcome. Refreshments.
Seminar in "Theory of Games and
Economic Behavior": The seminar
will meet in room 3010, Angell Hall,
on Monday, Dec. 10, at 3:00 p.m. at
which time Prof. Kaplan will discuss
the postulational set-up of the game,
with particular reference to Chapter
II of the von Neumann-Morgenstern
Exhibit of Paintings and Sketches
by Various Japanese-American Ar-
tists, On Relocation Centers. Through
December 16. Sponsored by Student
Council of Student Religious As-
sociation, . Inter-Guild, Inter-Racial
Association, All Nations Club. Office
of Counselor in Religious Education,
Michigan Office of War Relocation
Authority, U. S. Department of In-
Exhibit: Museum of Art and Arch-
aeology, 434 South State Street. His-
torical Firearms and other Weapons.
Through Dec. 9. Weekdays, 9-12;
1:30-5; 7:30-9:30; Sundays, 3-5.
A Lane Hall luncheon will be held
today at 12 o'clock. Following
the luncheon, the ' book, "Dem-
ocracy in America" by Alexis De Toc-
queville, will be, reviewed by Scott
Mayakawa. Call Lane Hall for reser-
vations before. 10 o'clock Saturday
Students and Servicemen are re-
minded of the informal open house at
the Lutheran Student Center, 1304
Hill Street, this evening.
Catholic Students: Today, the
Feast of the, Immaculate Conception,
is a holy day of obligation. Masses at
St. Mary's Chapel at 6:30, 7, 8 and
The Graduate Outing Club will
have a bike-hike on Sunday, Dec. 9,
followed by an informal supper and
folk dancing in the Club Rooms.
Bikers will meet at 2:00 p.m. in the
Outing Club Rooms in the Rackham
Building (use northwest entrance).
Bicycles may be rented then. Those
interested should sign up and pay the
supper fee at the checkroom desk in
the Rackham Building before noon
Saturday. Alternate activities will be
planned in case of inclement weather.
Flying Club: Meeting in Room 1042
East Engineering Building on Mon-
day, Dec. 10, at 7:15 p.m. General
discussion will be continued, and defi-
nite plans for organization will be
presented. All faculty members and
students interested are invited to at-
Graduate Education Club: The first
meeting of the Graduate Education
Club will be held in the U.E.S. Library
at 4:15 p.m. on Tuesday, Dec. 11. All
graduate students in education are
urged to attend for election of officers
FTERdTWO DAYS of debate, a
tedNations Preparatory Com-
mission in London rejected a proposal
to allow the Trusteeship Council to
turn down colonies petitioning for
redress of grievances if the petitions
used "abusive" language. *
That two days of debate were nec-
essary before the commission could
arrive at what is the only logical de-
cision seems to be another indication
of our unwillingness to back up our
pretty phrases with positive action.
Apparently it is not easy to forget
the idea that Colonial peoples, being
subordinates, should address- their
protectors with respect.
Yes, it may be difficult. But no more so than
aettino into an ooen store nowadays. And !U
By Crockett Johnson
® Evervone's home in bed. A perfect E L'm I