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November 16, 1945 - Image 1

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Publication:
The Michigan Daily, 1945-11-16

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PROXIMITY

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FAIR AND
WARMER

VOL. LVI, No. 14 ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, FRIDAY, NOVEMBER 16, 1945

PRICE FIVE CENTS

Ruthven Talks
On Objectives
For Teachers
Adams Addresses
Education Parley

Baker Defends Location
Of U' Cheering Section
Student-Management Conference Made
Ticket Rulings, Distribution Head States

U.S., Britain, Canada Offer Atom
Secrets to World with Conditions;

10/1

Eisenhower

Backs

PRESIDENT RUTHVEN
"The immediate objectives of
teachers today must be the broaden-
ing of educational opportunities, the
integration of the individual with
his community, and increased em-
phasis upon the preparation of
youth for world citizenship," Presi-
dent Alexander G. Ruthven, told
School of Education students yester-
day.
Teachers will also need to move
outside of the classroom and give
more attention to informal educa-
tion at all levels, Dr. Ruthven said.
"Above all, and without delay, we
will need to bring before the peoples
of the world the all-important fact
that education is the right of every
man, the chief defense of nations
and the only road to enduring peace."
Emphasizing the inadequate facili-
ties, influence of pressure groups,
and other teaching difficulties, Dr.
Ruthven stated that many of the
handicaps have been the fault of
teachers themselves. Teachers must
accept the obligation to insist ag-
gressively that they are given the
freedom and tools necessary for their
task.
Teachers must modernize their
concepts and procedures to conform
with the present period of rapid so-
cial changes, Dr. Ruthven concluded.
Grad Students Hear

(EDITOR'S NOTE: A criticism of football
seats allotted to students appeared in the
Letters to the Editor column of Wednes-
day's Daily. In the following interview,
Andrew S. Baker, who has charge of
ticket distribution, attempts to clarify
the distribution system.)
"It is obvious that not everyone can
occupy a 50 yard-line seat at every
University of Michigan football
game."
Replying' to student criticism of
the location of their football seats,
Andrew S. Baker, who is in charge of
ticket distribution for University
games, yesterday attempted to explain
the system by which tickets are dis-
tributed to students, faculty and pub-
lic.
Few 'Good' Seats
"The thing that most students fail
to realize," Baker said, "is that scarce-
Vet Center Plan
A aiting0. K.
From Lansing
The University Hospital's medical
staff is ready to open a- temporary
Veterans' Readjustment Center as
soon as final approval of plans is re-
ceived from Lansing, according to
Dr. Albert C. Kerlikowske, assistant
medical director.
Lay help, orderlies and wardkeep-
ers are still needed, he said, before
the temporary center can be opened.
Since the beginning of a permanent
center depends upon the speed of the
building program, Dr. Kerlikowske
was unable to estimate when either
the temporary or the permanent cen-
ter would begin functioning.
Meanwhile, bids for the construc-
tion of the veterans' center will be
received by the state November 30.
To date the state's offer has been re-
ceived with little interest, only one
contractor asking for plans and
specifications.
SOIC To Sell
Special Daily
Tomorrow's issue of the Daily, con-
taining a full page devoted to Inter-
national Students Day, will be sold
in the morning on campus and in the
afternoon at the Michigan-Purdue
game by members of the Student Or-
ganization for International Coopera-
tion.
Students Day is observed through-
out the democratic nations of the
world in memory of the 156 Charles
University (Prague) students who
were massacred by the Nazis Nov. 17,
1939. This year the World Student
Conference will convene in Prague on
that day.
Proceeds of the Daily sale will go
toward sending aid to a foreign uni-
versity which will be chosen at the
campus election Dec. 5.
Any student who has not yet
been photographed for his identi-
fication card, may have his picture
taken between 8 a. in. and 5 p. m.
today or between 8 a. in. and noon
tomorrow in Rm. 7, Angell Hall.
Cashiers receipts should be
brought.

ly one third of all the seats in the
Michigan stadium lie within the goal
posts."
In an effort to establish an equit-
able system, a student-administrat-
ive conference was held a few years
ago, Baker continued. "The present
priority system emerged from that
conference. Graduate students are
given seats at the 45 yard line, others
progressing toward the 5 yard line
according to class.
The remainder of the seats are
shared by 'M' lettermen, the visiting
team, faculty members, bondsmen,
state legislators, and the press, he
stated.
'End Zone Seats Best'
"As a matter of fact," Baker assert-
ed, "it is only the novice who prefers
his seat on the 50 yard line. The ones
in the football 'know' usually want
end zone seats-Gus Dorais, for ex-
ample.
"It should be obvious from his ex-
planation that charges of 'big busi-
ness' leveled against the procedure
are completely unfounded," he con-
cluded.
Kazakevich Will
Discuss Soviet
System Today
Vladimir D. Kazakevich, Russian-
born economist and authority on the
economy and history of the Soviet
Union, will discuss "Russia's Econ-
omy and Postwar Reconstruction"
at 4:15 p. m. today in the Rackham
Amphitheatre.
Although born in St. Petersburg,
Kazakevich received his advanced
Russian trainnig at a school in Har-
bin, Manchuria, where his father
was a civil engineer and general
manager of the Chinese Eastern
Railroad.. He continued his edu-
cation in the United States at the
University of California and Col-
umbia University where he became
instructor in economics in 1935-37.
He has also held the positions of
lecturer in the American Institute
of Banking, and lecturer on Soviet
economy, its theory and practice, at
Cornell Unviersity during the sum-
mers of 1943 and 1944.
Student Forum
Discusses Role
Of Atom Bomb
"Either people must become suffi-
ciently interested in the implications
of atomic power, or they must take
the alternative of digging a hole deep
enough to hide in."
This was the point made by chem-
istry instructor David Tyner, who
participated in research on the bomb,
at the Town Hall Student Forum last
night. Tyner urged international
control of the bomb.
World control of the bomb was seen
as the solution to saving the world
from self-destruction by John Wilson,
who participated in the Hiroshima
raid, which introduced the A-bonb
to the world.
In an open discussion, students and
townspeople agreed that public edu-
cation as to the implication of atomic
force and a. world council with com-
plete control over the future use of
atomic power are essential to the
maintenance of civilization.

c

Congress Told
of Peace Hope
By General Ike
Peacetime Training
Called 'Imperative'
By The Associated Press
WASHINGTON, Nov. 15 - Gen.
Dwight D. Eisenhower told Congress
today there is hope for perpetual
peace, but America should keep her
young men trained for war lest she
be left "defenseless and naked before
a future enemy."
A year's peacetime training for
every youth of 18 is "imperative" for
the safety of the nation, the five-star
European commander testified to the
House military committee.
'Hope Isn't Enough'
"If I didn't have hope for peace
I wouldn't be here-I would have
jumped out of my plane over the At-
lantic," the General declared.
But, he said, hope isn't enough.
The next aggressor will smash first
at the United States from far away,
he said. "We will not have time to
train units before we are faced with
the final issue of defeat or victory."
Eisenhower wouldn't say who he
thought the next aggressor-if there
is one-might be. In answer to ques-
tions by Rep. Thomas (Rep.-N. J.) he
said:
, Britain will never go to war against
the United States.
Nothing To Gain
Russia has "not the slightest thing
to gain" by attacking this nation and
moreover "I'm convinced her policy
is one of friendship with us."
However, it is just as necessary in
my opinion to train the citizenry as it
is to send them by compulsion to the
first grade when they are six years
old," he said.
Man, 77, Dies
In INight Fire
At Fairgrounds
Daniel K. Newell, 77 years old, was
burned to death last night in a fire
that destroyed three-fourths of the
County Fairgrounds livestock barns
and killed two horses.
Newell, a worker at the Fair-
grounds, apparently overcome by
smoke, was trapped in his quarters.
The fire originated at 8:15 p. m. in
Newell's quarters and quickly spread
to adjoining barns.
Before Ann Arbor Township and
city fire departments could get the
blaze under control, the barns 'had
burned to the ground. With the ex-
ception of the two horses, all other
livestock was safely evacuated.
The Fairgrounds are just outside
the city limits on Jackson road.
AVC Chapter
Picks Officers
The Ann Arbor Chapter of the
American Veterans Committee
elected their executive officers last
night at the Michigan Union. }
The term of office will last until
the first of March, 1946 for the fol-
lowing officers; Chairman, Mr. Vic-
tor J. Baum; Vice-chairman, Mr.
Eugene C. Martinson; Corresponding
Secretary, Miss Suzanne LaDriere;
Secretary-Treasurer, Mr. Haven E.
Jones.
The first motion brought to the
floor before these officers by the AVC
steering committee was on veteran
housing policy procedure of the AVC
for the coming year. Other sugges-
tions on the agenda were better en-
rollment information for incoming
veterans, the full summer session,

and eating cooperatives.
Charles G. Bolte, chairman of the
National Planning Committee of the
AVC was requested by mail to appear
on campus during the membership
drive which will be held in December.
He is expected to speak at one of the
Town Hall meetings at the University
during his stay in Ann Arbor.

60,000 -o See Michigan
Battle Purdue Saturday

By BILL MULLENDORE
Daily Sports Editor
Athletic Department officials pre-
dicted yesterday that 60,000 fans, sec-
ond largest crowd of Michigan's 1945
home season, will pour into Michigan
Stadium tomorrow when the Wol-
verines and Purdue, two title-hungry
teams, clash in a showdown battle.
Defeat for either eleven means cer-
Sixteen members of the 1945
basketball squad will journey to
Mt. Pleasant today for the open-
ing tilt of the season against Cen-
tral Michigan State Teachers Col-
lege.
Coach Bill Barclay, who is lead-
ing the cagers in the absence of
Bennie Oosterbaan, has named
seven. men from whom he will
choose tonight's opening lineups.
The Wolverine coach has ex-
pressed confidence in the outcome
of the game. For further details
turn to the Sports Page of today's
Daily.
tain elimination from the wide-open
Western Conference race that still
shows four schools in the running.
While victory tomorrow will not in-
sure a championship, it will enhance
the winner's chances considerably.
Tomorrow's game will be the ele-
Famed Pianist
To Play Here
Monday Night
Concert pianist, winner of the In-
ternational Chopin Concourse and
soldier in the French army, Alexan-
der Uninsky, Russian virtuoso who
will present a concert at 8:30 p.m.
Monday in Hill Auditorium, began his
study of music at the Kiev conserva-
tory.
At thirteen he went to Paris to
study at the conservatory from which
he was graduated with honors. Un-
insky's debut recital in 1928 in the
French capital met with such suc-
cess that he was engaged for several
additional concerts in Paris, as well
as an extensive tour of Spain and
South America.
Now on his second transcontinental
recital tour, the gifted pianist has
completed three tours of South
American. In between times, he has
found time to write several composi-
tions for piano and a quintet for
strings and piano.
STUDENT PETITION
Students of all faiths are re-
quested to sign a petition today
protesting the Anglo-American de-
cision of Tuesday denying immedi-
ate entrance into Palestine during
the next three months of more
than 4,500 homeless European
Jews.
"The petitions will be sent to
President Truman and to Lord
Halifax, asking for the immedi-
ate relief of all of Europe's 100,000
Jews, who will be dead from star-
vation, exposure and disease if
unrelieved within the next three
months," Beth Laikin, president of
Avukah, said.

venth in the series between the two
institutions. Of the previous ten,
Michigan has won all but two, in-
cluding a smashing 40-14 triumph
last year that must have turned Coach
Cecil Isbell's charges to thoughts of
revenge in this fall's renewal.
On the Michigan side, Coach Fritz+
Crisler will be forced by necessity to
field a revamped lineup as injuries
and Navy transfers left gaping holes
at three key positions.
Center, ably filled by Harry Watts
for more than 50 minutes of every
game this season, was left wide open'
by Watts' transfer to Glenview, Ill.,
Air Base earlier this week. Freshman
Tony Momsen, a relative unknown
quantity will replace him in the start-
ing lineup.
Left halfback, until now shared by
Walt Teninga and Pete Elliott, came
up for revision when Teninga was in-
jured during the Navy game last week.
Elliott will get the starting call with
Jack Weisenburger, now regular full-
back, in reserve.
And quarterback is still a problem
with the condition of injured Howard
See BOILERMAKERS, Page 3
Britio shTroops
Restore Order
In Tel Aviv
TEL AVIV, -Palestine, Nov. 15-
(M)-British parachute troops, back-
ing up a "punishment by death"
warning to rioters and enforcing a
complete curfew, restored order' to-
day to Tel Aviv after outbreaks in
which five persons were killed and
more than 100 wounded.
The dead were Jews. The injured
included Jews, British troops and
police.
A British officer blamed the viol-
ence on a "minority group" and said
that the people in general were not
violating the curfew. Dr. Israel Ro-
kach, mayor of Tel Aviv, appealed
over the Palestine radio for disci-
pline and observance of the curfew.
Several hundred persons were re-
ported arrested before the distur-
bances, which lasted 24 hours, were
quelled by thousands of troops and
civil police. But the situation was
so well in hand tonight that Maj.
Gen. F. I. Bols, commander of the
British Sixth Airborne Division, an-
nounced that the curfew would be
lifted from 7 a. m. to 4 p. m. tomor-
row.
Slosson Advises
U. S. Leave China
"Frankly, until Communist charges
of American troops interferring in the
civil warfare in China are proved,
I'm not willing to believe them,"
Prof. Preston W. Slosson of the histo-
ry department told a Daily represent-
ative last night.
"I do think," Prof. Slosson con-
cluded, "that as a matter of expedi-
ency and prudence it would be wise
for U. S. troops to pull out of China
as soon as possible. Nothing would
please the American people less than
to get involved in the internal con-
flict of another nation."

Other Nations
Must Reveal
Their Secrets
Inspection of All Atom
Plants by UNO Asked
By The Associated Press
WASHINGTON, Nov. 15-President
Truman and the leaders of Britain
and Canada today offered the secrets
of atomic force to Russia and the rest
of the world on two main conditions.
Those conditions are:
1. That nations which get the
atomic secrets must equally share
their own scientific secrets now and in
the future, when other new and ter-
rible weapons of mass destruction
may be invented.
2. That the United Nations devise
and establish world-wide means of in-
specting atomic plants in all coun-
tries to help prevent the use of the
atom for war purposes.
World-Wide Inspection
The conditions were set forth in a
sweeping declaration on atomic policy
issued at the White House today by
Mr. Truman, Prime Minister Attlee
of Great Britain and Prime Minister
MacKenzie King of Canada.
This said the atomic bomb and oth-
er terrible weapons can be completely
controlled only by banishing "the
scourge of war from the eath" and
it called for building up the United
Nations to that end.
Byrnes Cables Message
A short time before, 'the declaration
had been cabled to the foreign mini-
sters of Russia, France and China
all permanent members of the United
Nations Security Council-by Secre-
tary of State Byrnes.
Russia is the only other nation in
the world today regarded by American
officials as having the industrial and
natural resources capable of atomic
developments and diplomats said that
the pronouncement in effect puts the
issue of atomic secrecy now squarely
up to Moscow.
Communicated to UNO
This afternoon the statement was
communicated officially to all the rest
of the 51 members of the United
Nations.
Some top officials described the
plan as a "generous offer" to the rest
of the world in view of the fact that
the United States alone had spent
$2,000,000,000 developing the atomic
bomb. The plan was worked out dur-
ing six days of intensive discussions
among American, British and Cana-
dian officials.
French Policy
Hinders Allies
Price Alleges Desire
To Dismember Reich
WASHINGTON, Nov. 15 -(P)-
Byron Price, President Truman's
special investigator, said today that
French policies are leading to the
"econonic dismemberment" of Ger-
many, contrary to the aims of the
Potsdam Agreement.
Price told White House newsmen
after a call on the President, that
France had refused to agree to any
plans of the Control Council to keep
Germany as an economic unit. As a
result, he said, critical conditions
can be expected this winter with
starvation, riots and disease a dis-
tinct possibility.
The wartime chief censor spent
two months in the American, French
and Russian zones of occupation
surveying relations between the mil-
itary government officials and the
German population.
Price gave his informal summary
to reporters as it became known
that the United States and France
have begun conversations here on
France's proposal to strip Germany

'of control over her industrially rich
Ruhr and Rhineland.
Injunction Withheld
In Hoover Strike
Agreement was reached to with-
draw the company request for a tem-
porary injunction against Local Nn

Training Bill

Specialization

Urge

"The state university is the cap-
stone of the educational system of the
state and the graduate school is the
capstone of the university," President
Alexander G. Ruthven told members
of the graduate student body at an
assembly sponsored by the Graduate
Student Council last night in the
Rackham Building.
Dr. Ruthven urged the students to
secure specialized training in fields
for which they have genuine interest
and love as well as to broaden and
deepen their education. "The world
needs ever better practioners in every
field of human endeavor," he said,
"and it has never needed them more
than at the present time."
Assistant Dean Peter Okkelberg of
the Graduate School welcomed the
graduate students to the University
gave a brief sketch of the Graduate
School's history and development
since the first advance degree was
granted in 1849. He particularly wel-
comed the large number of foreign
students who are enrolled in the
Graduate School as well as the many
veterans who are resuming their
studies.
Provost Addresses
Principals' Meeting
"We sometimes talk about general
education in terms of its preparation
for life, and this means that we may
sometimes forget that education ex-
perience is in itself a part of life and
living and of importance for its own
sake," Provost James P. Adams told
the Principal-Freshman Conference
yesterday.
Addressing former teachers, high
school principals, and juniorscollege
deans, Dr. Adams continued, "I can
think of no better words to carve in
stone over the portals of school build-

Dean Edmonson Warns Veterans
Against TFly-by-Night' Colleges

Thousands of returning veterans
seeking higher education are still in
danger of being "gyped by fly-by-
night colleges," Dean James B. Ed-
monson, of the School of Education,
warned yesterday.
Adequate safeguards against new
"sheepskinners" have been set up in
Michigan by Dr. Eugene B. Elliot,
state superintendent of public in-
struction, assisted by a committee
representing Michigan's leading col-
leges and educational associations,
Dean Edmonson said. "But most
states have no such policing policies.'
"The only way to prevent these
schools from getting the veteran's
$500 is to expose their low stand-
ards and poor facilities."
T-A riterl +he aso f on estate in

academic standards-and to make
recommendations for model legisla-
tion on charter requirements and su-
pervision.
"If the veteran is to be protected,
something must be done in states
that have poor supervision," he said.
He reported that the American
Council on Education has released
a publication listing all chartered
colleges in the country with infor-
m at i on on their "accredited
status." The Army has ordered 15,-
000 copies of the publication for the
use of counselors in separation
centers.
Under present law the Veterans'
Administration can require states to
suhmit lists of accredited schools

Matthaei, Crick Elected to Top
Interfraternity Council Positions

Fred Matthaei, Delta Kappa Epsi-
lon, was elected president of the In-
terfraternity Council in a meeting of
house presidents last night.
By vote of the IFC executive com-
mittee, William Crick, Phi Kappa Psi,
was named to the post of secretary-
treasurer.
Matthaei returned to campus this
term after an absence of one seme-
ster, during which time he was dis-
charged from the Navy. He was a

in Interfraternity Council activities
prior to his election.
Eight candidates had petitioned for
the two posts. In a meeting of the
executive committee yesterday, the
list was narrowed to three candi-
dates and from this list, house presi-
dents made the final selection.
Paul John, Delta Upsilon, outlined
fraternity participation plans for the
homecoming weekend at the house
presidents meeting. Fraternity con-
tributions to the Community War
Chest drive werealso conllected.

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