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February 15, 1945 - Image 1

Resource type:
The Michigan Daily, 1945-02-15

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471 Ott

. ...... ......

VOL. LV, No. 85


.... . ..... .

British, Canadians Lunge

earer to Ruhr

* *









Students Will
Accept Policy
Of Regulation
Faculty Supervision of
'Flat Hat' Is Approved
By The Associated Press
The student body of the College of
William and Mary tonight announc-
ed it would accept the policy of quasi-
editorial supervision of college pub-
lications as announced this morning
by Dr. John E. Pomfret, president,
and would resume publication of the
Flat Hat under those conditions with
its next regular issue.
W. L. Williams, of Norfolk, presi-
dent of the student body, in a state-
ment issued late tonight and released
by Dr. Pomfret, said that the editor
and the six junior editors would
henceforth constitute the editorial
board of the Flat Hat and would ex-
amine all materials of an editorial
nature. If in the event doubt arises
as to the context of any material,
Williams said, the faculty councilor
would be consulted.
No Successor Named
No intimation was given as to who
would be named as successor to Miss
Marilyn Kaemmerle, 22, of Jackson,
Mich., whose editorial on race rela-
tions, started the controversy which
led to her being ousted and the stu-
dents protesting faculty censorship.
"The student assembly, acting for
the student body, recommended that
the Flat Hat resume publication in
accordance with President Pomfret's
recommendations of February 14. The
editor and six junior editors will
henceforth constitute the board of
the Flat Hat and will accept responsi-
paper. This board will examine care-
bility for material appearing in that
fully all materials of an editorial
nature and all expressions of opinion,
and ifdoubt is expressed regarding
the wisdom:.f-publishing such ma-
terials the faculty councilor will be
consulted, Williams' statement said.
Policy To Be Worked Out
The president of the college will
each September consult with the stu-
dents regarding the choice of a coun-
cilor, and additional steps will be
taken to work out a sound system of
editorial policy for the guidance of
the editor. of this type of undergrad-
uate publication.
Earlier in the day students of the
college had voted to suspend publi-
cation of the college weekly after Dr.
Pomf ret announced there would be
faculty supervision of the paper
Weber Penalty
Reduced to Five
Years of Labor
WASHINGTON, Feb. 14.-()-The
death sentence once imposed on Pvt.
Henry Weber for refusing to drill
has now been cut down to five years
at hard labor.
This was disclosed today by Maj.-
Gen. Myron C. Cramer, Army Judge
Advocate General, in a letter to
Chairman Thomas (Dem., Utah) of
the Senate Military Comm tee.
Thomas became interested in the
case after the death sentence was
pronounced at Camp Roberts, Calif.
Senator Wheeler (Dem., Mont.) de-
manded an investigation, telling the
Senate: "Whoever sentenced that boy
to hanging ought to be discharged
from the Army.
Weber had been quoted as asking
for non-combat assignment, on the
ground that as a member of the
Socialist Labor Party he was opposed
to killing human beings. His superior

officer charged him specifically with
refusing to join his squad for train-
ing, a court martial offense in war-
Weber was convicted. The trial
court itself however rescinded the
death penalty and decreed life at
hard labor.
Today Three forums on veterans
problems to be held at 8
p. m. at Jones, Slauson,
and Tappan Junior High
Feb. 16 Daily ceases publication.
Feb. 17 Final exams begin.
Feb. 18 Faculty recital: Gilbert
Ross, Helen Titus to per-
fnrm at o n .m in

Russians Seize Enemy Strongholds

British, U.S. Air Forces
Smash Ahead o rv
Pomeranian Fortress of Schneidmuhl Taken;
7,000 Germans Killed, 5,000 Captured
By The Associated Press
LONDON, Feb. 14-The Russian First Ukraine Army seized seven
German city-strongholds in Silesia today as it bludgeoned its way towards
Berlin and Dresden with the aid of British and American bombers that
smashed Dresden, Chemnitz and other centers ahead of the Soviet advance.
In Pomerania the First White Russian Army liquidated the holdout

fortress of Schneidemuehl, 15 miles be
Holmes Fund
Reach $1,200
Money To Be Turned
In at Regents' Meeting
Contributions to the Florice Holmes
memorial loan fund have reached the
$1,200 goal set by the Office of the
Dean of Women and will be pre-
sented to the Board of Regents at
their next meeting, Miss lice Lloyd,
Dean of Women, announced yester-
The money will be used to estab-
lish a loan fund to be available in
cases of need to all women students
registered in the School of Medicine.
Tragedy Out of Rescue
Miss Holmes, Negro medical stu-
dent, lost her life in an unsuccessful
attempt to rescue Langston Jones,
also a University student, from drow-
ning after their canoe capsized on,
the Huron River June 25, 1944. ;
She was a graduate of the Univer-
sity of North Carolina, Durham, N.C.,I
and held a master's degree from this;
University. Miss Lloyd points outt
that she was an excellent student3
and a "fine campus citizen."t
Shortly after the accident, a num-
ber of spontaneous contributions for
a memorial were sent to the OfficeI
of the Dean of Women. DefiniteI
plans to use the money for a niemr-i
ial loan fund were announced inI
January, but no organized campaign
has been conducted and all contribu-7
tions have been unsolicited.z
Total $1,212r
Contributions now total $1,212, and
were received from Miss Holmes par-
ents, Dr. and Mrs. Charles Holmes of
Durham, N.C., other members of hert
family, the League, individual stu-
dents, members of the medical school
faculty, and Alpha Epsilon Iota, wo-'
men's medical sorority.,
The size of the fund is not limited,
Miss Lloyd said, and present plans
call for a perpetually growing mem-
orial. Contributions will be accepted
and added to the fund at any time.
Cash donations and checks made
out to the University and designated
for the fund may be sent to Miss
Ethel A. McCormick, social directorp
of the League, or to Miss Lloyd. '
Fund Drive To
Open March 1
When the 1945 Red Cross War Fund
campaign opens on March 1, Ann
Arbor will have a quota of $79,100 tof
fill, and the University goal has beenf
set at $4,500, it was announced by
R. J. Bonini, chairman of the Wash-s
tenaw County drive.
Divisions of the campaign have 1
been listed with individual special
gifts set at a quota of $15,000; resi-
dential $16,000; industry and labor,k
$15,000; business district $10,000; spe-1
cial groups $7,400; public employees,k
$1,500; and clubs and sundry organ-
izations, $1,800.Z

hind the lines, killing more than 7,000
Germans and capturing 5,000 after a
two-weeks siege.
Prisoners Taken
In Budapest, which fell Tuesday,
the Russians picked up another 12,700
prisoners, mostly abandoned wound-
ed, raising the list of captured in that
one city to nearly 123,000. The final
toll will be higher, as Moscow said a
fragment of the garrison escaped only
to be surrounded again west of the
Hungarian capital.
Therday's successes, announced in
two orders of the day by Premier
Stalin and the regular nightly Mos-
cow communique, also credited the
First Ukraine Army of Marshal Ivan
S. Konev with bagging 2,100 prison-
ers and taking more than 200 popu-
lated centers in Silesia.
Up ahead to the west of the Rus-
sians could see in the skies the red
glare of fires set in Dresden by 4,000
tons of British and American bombs,
apparently the first fruits of the Cri-
mea Conference. Chemnitz, 34 miles
farther west, also was hard hit.
'Definite Plan'
The BBQ quoted a Soviet military
observer as saying the Allies were
working together "with precision and
according to a definite plan."
Konev's men held the spotlight,
however. Moscow news dispatches
said they had crossed the Queis River
defense line in their drive towards
Dresden while the Swiss radio quoted
German accounts as saying the
northern wing had reached Sommer-
feld, only 71 miles southeast of Mer-
lin. The German DNB Agency itself
broadcast that Konev had broken
into Sorau, 84 miles southeast of Ber-
By Russian official account Konev's
nearest approach to Berlin was 84
miles, with capture of Freystadt, 75
miles northwest of besieged Breslau.
Other cities taken in this north-
westward sweep included Neuzalz, six
miles northeast of Freystadt; Neus-
tadtel, seven miles southeast; and
Sprottau, 13 miles south.
Gilbert Ross
To Give Recital
Faculty Presentation
To Be Last of Term
Prof. Gilbert Ross, violinist, and
Miss Helen Titus, pianist, will pre-
sent the final faculty recital for the
term, featuring Jacobi's "Ballade"'
and "Rumanian Folk Dances" by
Bartok, at 8:30 p.m. Sunday in the
Lydia Mendelssohn Theatre.
Acting conductor of the University
Symphony Orchestra, Prof. Ross has
appeared in numerous recitals in
Ann Arbor, Detroit and Grand Rap-
ids since he came here from Smith
College two years ago. He also per-
formed a complete series of Beetho-
ven and Mozart sonatas during the
summer session.
The program will include sonatas
by Brahms, Mozart, -Pergolesi, ex-
cerpts from Strawinsky's "The Fire
Bird," "Rumanian Folk Dances" (7)
by Bartok and "Ballade." The "Bal-
lade" was written by Frederick Jaco-
bi who shared the directorship of the
Julliard Music School with Bernard
Wagner, in 1943.

UTRECHT Issel R. - /R
Zutphen srAUTE MiLES
11de Ed/eN~'Zfp~
as.- toRe chswald
Maas R, EbSE
Eindhoven DuRsh
7I Veno Duisburg R
2n aMr Krefeld'>
Weert ', Viersen*Duesseldorf
Roermond 'N.s
- ,.Gladbach
Hasseiv*I __ ch COLOGNE
Maastrcht Roer R.
" tDueien
LIEGE " -hwammenauel Dom
(Ne__ M n cGemuend
t rARM Y'\ _'"_
Kronenbu g
NOgne L u St. V th
areas show possible Allied drives into German industrial areas in the
Rhineland and the Ruhr. Canadian First Army forces (1) advanced
on Emmerich in their offensive at the northern end of the front
(broken), while the U. S. Third Army (2) drove through Pruem.

V-Bal Tickets
May Still Be
Bou 'htw--for $4
Plan To Hold Extras
In Reserve Announned
"Gee, I'd like to go to V-Ball all
right, but I won't have enough money
to buy a ticket until after the first
of the month. I guess I'm just out of
Thus run the thoughts of many a
student who, for reasons best known
to himself, discovers that he hasn't
got the necessary cash to buy a V-
Ball ticket now and who realizes that
tomorrow is the last day tickets will
be sold.
Plan Announced
To get around the difficulty and
give these students a chance to go to
what is popularly termed the biggest
social event of the season, Norma
Johnson, director of V-Ball ticket
sale's, has announced this plan:
Students, especially those in the
service, who would find it easier to
get their tickets after March 1 may
sign their names indicating that fact
between 3 and 5 p. m. today and to-
morrow at the V-Ball ticket booth in
the Union lobby. For each person
who signs up one ticket will be placed
in reserve, to be sold to that student
sometime during the first week of the
spring term.
May Reserve Tickets
The student need put no money
down on the ticket reservation, and
his only obligation is that he should
buy his ticket as soon as those reserv-
ed tickets go on sale next month. Date
of the actualdistribution will be an-
nounced later.
Tickets will be on sale in the regu-
lar manner all day today and tomor-
row at the Union Main Desk.
Sales Total 1000
Over 1000 tickets have already been
sold for the dance, a committee tabu-
lation showed yesterday. Posters ap-
peared throughout the campus yes-
terday advertising the Victory pall,
which will be held from 9 a. m. to 1
p. m. Friday, March 9, at the Intra-
mural Building.
This unusual manner in which stu-
dents can get their V-Ball tickets has
been put into effect because the V-
Ball committee is anxious to keep
up the tradition which says this dance
must be a two-orchestra affair. Mor-
ton Scholnick, band chairman, cannot
complete arrangements with another
dance combination until there are
definite indications that the full limit
of 1500 tickets will1be sold.
Cigarettes Called
Back on Counters
NEW YORK, Feb. 14.-(P)-Re
gional OPA Administrator Daniel P.
Woolley today urged the cigarette
industry to have cigarettes back on
retail counters by next Monday.
"The OPA has power to force you
to do it," he told a meeting of job-
bers, sub-jobbers and retailers in his
office, "This is a beautiful, soft velvet
glove on a hell of a tough iron mitt."
With the publication of Friday's
issue, The Daily will cease publi-
cation for the Fall Term. Publi-
cation will be resumed March 6.

Two German Sub Spies Found
Guilty, Sentenced To Death

Counterattacks Light
In Canadian Wedge
By Thie Associated Press
PARIS, Feb. 14.- While almost
8,000 Allied warplanes battered Ger-
man installations from the Siegfried
Line to the Russian front today,
British and Canadian forces lunged
nearer Hitler's industrially vital Ruhr
valley against resistance that began
to slacken after a week of steady
The Canadians advanced all along
the front of their powerful wedge
which is inflexibly turning the flank
of German divisions holding the nor-
thern end of the Siegfried Line and
the Rhine plain.
Northeast of Kleve
They pushed to points northeast of
Kleve, four miles southeast of Kleve,
cleared the Kleve Forest three miles
north of Goch and established a sec-
ond bridgehead over the Niers River,
west of Wessel
The German command hurled at
least four counterattacksdagainst the
Canadian units driving eastward, but
they were officially described as gen-
erally lighter than previous counter-
thrusts and all were repulsed, some
with the aid of Allied planes.
One Allied column was fighting
forward within a mile and a half of
the heavily-fortified road center of
Goch, eight miles south of Kleve.
Goch already was outflanked by the
capture of Bedbirgand Hasselt, twin
towns east of Kleve Another road
center, Calcar, was the objective of
other British troops and neared Moy-
land, three miles to the northwest.
Moyland is 18 miles from the impor-
tant Ruhr valley city of Wesel.
Scots Drive On
On the southern flank of the offen-
sive front, Scottish troops pushed
steadily down a road toward Afferden
-on the east bank of the Maas Afield
dispatch said that both bridgeheads
over the Niers River in the vicinity of
Bennep and Viller had been expand-
ed in heavy fighting. One was more
than a half-mile deep.
Allied troops were within a few
hundred yards of Kessel, road hub at
the southern edge of the Reichswald,
and its capture was believed near.
The U.S. Third Army-the only
other major unit of Gen. Eisenhow-
er's massive forces now participating
in the attack from the west-scored
gains ur to a mile.
Maj. Gallagher
Succeeds Smith
To Army Post
Major Edward H. Gallagher, Ad-
jutant for the Command for the past
year, has been appointed to succeed
the former Executive Officer for the
ASTU-ROTC, Lieutenant Colonel
Ridgeway P. Smith, who left Ann
Arbor, Sunday, for Chicago to take
command of Distrit No. Three, Sixth
Service Command.
Before leaving for his new assign-
ment, Col. Smith expressed his appre-
ciation to the University and to the
people of Ann Arbor for the "splendid
cooperation" he had received while
stationed here.
A veteran of the last war, Col.
Smith entered the Regular Army
shortly after the Armistice. He has
seen foreign service in the Philip-
pines, Hawaii, Alaska ad Panama.
While stationed in the United States,
Col. Smith had been active for many
years in the ROTC program at sev-
eral colleges, before coming to Mich-
igan to supervise its ROTC program.
His successor here, Maj. Gallagher,
'was appointed to his new post by Lt.-
Col. Reginald C. Miller, Commanding
Officer of Army forces in Ann Arbor.
Churchill, Eden
Go to Greece

ATHENS, Feb. 14.-(P)- British
Prime Minister Churchill and For-
eign Secretary Anthony Eden arrived
in Athens by plane late today and
received a stirring ovation from thou-
sands of Athenians at a ceremony in
Constitution Square.
Churchill, in a short speech full of
enthusiasm andr ontimism. toldthe

By The Associated Press
NEW YORK, Feb. 14-William
Curtis Colepaugh, an American whom
the prosecution called "a double-
crossing traitor," and Erich Gimpel,
Yearly Foremen
Meeting Slated
For Tomorrow
The Seventh Annual Foremen's
Conference, sponsored by the Univer-
sity Extension Service to discuss cur-
rent industrial problems, will be held
at 1 p. m. tomorrow at the Rackham
Memorial Building in Detroit.
Presiding over the individual con-
ferences extending through 8:45 p. m.
will be Prof. John W. Riegel, Univer-
sity industrial relations authority.
Conference discussion subjects in-
clude: "Public and Private Services
Available to Veterans," "The Fore-
man and Discipline," "How to Dis-
cover and Adjust Grievances," and
"The Supervisor and Morale."
Among noted authorities in the
field of worker-management relations
scheduled to attend the conference
are C. C. Akridge, vice-president of
the National Association of Foremen,
and Leo Wolman, former University
professor, now director-at-large of
the National Bureau of Economic Re-
search, Inc.
China Educator1
To Visit Center
Dr. A. W. Lindsay, visiting the
University School of Dentistry, will
be a guest at the International Cen-
ter tea at 4 p.m. today.
Dr. Lindsay, dean and professor
of the College of Dentistry, West
China Union University, was invited
by the Chinese government to be a

his German accomplice, were convict-
ed today as Nazi spies and sentenced
to die by hanging.
Without displaying emotion, Gim-
pel-and then Colepaugh-stood be-
fore a seven man military commission
and heard Col. Clinton J. Harrold, its
president, say:
"This commission, by a secret
written ballot, finds you guilty upon
all three counts, and you are here-
by sentenced to be hanged by the
neck until dead."
Still silent and showing no signs
of faltering, Colepaugh and Gimpel
were led by their guards from the
courtroom and taken back to the 138-
year-old Castle 'Williams, Governors
Island guard house.
The charges against them were:
they violated the law of war by secret-
ly landing behind our defense lines
from ansubmarine;they acted as
spies in violation of the 82nd article
of war and they conspired to commit
espionage and sabotage.
The verdict meant that the 26-
year-old Colepaugh, a native of Nian-
tic, Conn., had tried in vain to throw
off the traitor label.

Big Three Compromise Bans
Nation Veto; Stalin Agrees

End of Yugoslav Split Seen
(Editor's Note: The following story is by Maurice Western, war correspondent for the
Sifton Newspapers of Canada. Western is one of a small group of Allied rvar
correspondents recently admitted into Yugoslavia by Marshal Tito.)

WASHINGTON, Feb. 14.-()-The
Crimean compromise on Dumbarton
Oaks voting procedure represented
substantial concessions by both Rus-
sia and the United States along lines
originally put forward by Britain,
diplomats learned today.
Russia accepted the principle that
a great power might be accused of
real or threatened aggression before
the world security council of which
the five greatest post-war powers will

accused great power would have a
Russia, however, agreed at Yalta
that a great power could be accused.
The United States receded on an
Allied point involving the next step
in dealing with a power accused of
aggression-that is the decision on
whether to apply sanctions, military
force or other forms of collective ac-
tion against it. On this point Russia
obtained agreement to a voting pro-
cere which wnulr reauire mani-

i __


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