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February 13, 1945 - Image 1

Resource type:
The Michigan Daily, 1945-02-13

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Sir igan



MoslyCioy, 'ligii










Gen. Dobbie
Will Describe
Malta's Siege
Ex-Governor of Island
Will Talk at Hill Toda
President Alexander G. Ruthven
will introduce Lt.-Gen. Sir William
G. S. Dobbie to the campus when he
lectures on "The Defense of Malta,'
at 8:30 p.m. today in Hill Aldi-
The lecture, being given under the
joint sponsorship of the history de-
partment and Michigan Christian
Fellowship, will be accompanied by a
sound movie, "The Message of Mal-
ta." The movie will show the every-
day life of the people on the Island
of Malta during the aerial blitz
which first hit the island in 1940 and
lasted for two years and a half.
Will Recount Bombardment
General Dbbie's lecture will be a
factual account of the island's bom-
bardment during his period of ser-
vice as governor and commander-in-
chief of the island. Accompanied by
Lady Dobbie, the General is making
a coast-to-coast tour of principal
cities of the United States and Can-
ada in an effort to further friendly
relations between Great Britain and
the United States.
During General Dobbie's service on
Malta, the island, key point in the
British 'defenses of the Mediterran-
ean, was under almost continuous
submarine and air attack. He is
credited with saving the "most bomb-
ed spot on earth." General and Lady
Dobbie survived 2,300 bombing at-
Dinner in General's Honor
Preceding the lecture General Dob-
bie will be honored by the University
at a dinner to be given at 6:30 p.m.
in the Union.
Michigan Christian Fellowship is
bringing General Dobbie to Ann A -
bor through the courtesy of Inter-
Varsity Fellowship. Stacey Woods,
American Secretary of Inter-Varsity,
is accompanying the General on his
tour. The General's next lecture ap-
pointment will be in Toronto.
Campus military units will attend
the lecture in mass formation.
Debate Squad
To End Labor
Dispute Series
Under the supervision of Prof.
Kenneth G. Hance and Thomas Bat-
tin, both of the speech department,
the Michigan debate squad will hold
the second in a series of debates today
at Albion College (Albion).
The first in the series took place
yesterday at Michigan State College
(East Lansing), and the concluding
debate will be held tomorrow at Bowl-
ing Green State University (Bowl-
ing Green, O.
Labor Arbitration Topic
"The United States Should Adopt
Legislation Providing for the Compul-
sory Arbitration of Labor Disputes"
is the proposition for the debates, and
the squad is divided into teams for
both the affirmative and the nega-
tive sides.
In the non-decision debates held
yesterday, Joyce Siegan and Mar-
garet Farmer composed one team on
the affirmative side, while James
Land and Marilyn Sperber formed
the other. The negative view was a-
gued by Mary Battle and Mary Lou
-Bidwell on one team, and Harriet
Risk and Barbara Levine on the

Open Forum To Come
Today's and tomorrow's debates will
be followed by an open forum, in
which the audience will participate.
The teams for today are Margaret
Farmer and Joyce Siegan, affirma-
tive, and Mary Battle and Mary Lou
Bidwell, negative. They will partici-
pate in a series of five debates in
both the morning an~d the afternoon.'
John Condylis and Martin Shapero
will take the affirmative side, and
James Land, Barbara Levine, andI
Harriet Risk will argue the negative,
in tomorrow's series.

S enS lot
Students Protest Censorship
Of William and Mary Paper
Editorial of Jackson Coed on Liberal Race
Relations Arouses Ire; Faculty Meets Today
By The Associated Press
WILLIAMSBURG, Va., Feb. 12--Following student protest against the
censorship of "Flat Hat," weekly campus publication, for an editorial by
Marilyn Kaemmerle on race relations of the future, the faculty of 6he
College of William and Mary will meet Tuesday to consider disciplinary
Faculty censorship of the weekly, which followed Miss Kaemmerle's
editorial, prompted student protest. The faculty meeting will consider a
Board of Visitors directive for "such corrective and disciplinary action as
may be necessary." The 22-year-old Miss Kaemmerle, who is editor of the
paper, is a resident of Jackson, Mich.









Soviets Sweep
On Dresden,
Saxony Capital
Announce Conquest of
Budapest Is Imminent
By The Associated Press
LONDON. Feb. 13-Russian troops
swept to within 74 miles of the Sax-
ony capital of Dresden yesterday, cap-
turing the Bober River stronghold of
Bunzlau in a swift 15-mile drive in
Silesia that slashed one Berlin-
Prague highway and threatened to
outflank Berlin on the south.
Simultaneously Moscow announced
that the end of the long, bloody siege
of Budapest, Hungarian capital, was
very near. Soviet troops captured
the royal palace and ancient fortress
on the high bluff on the west bank of
the Danube in the Buda section,
smashing the core of organized enemy
resistance and taking 30,000 more
prisoners Sunday and Monday.
Prisoners To Exceed 100,000
Final figures for prisoners alone are
expected to exceed 100.000 and Ger-
man dead also will run into the thou-
sands. Budapest, gateway to Vienna
and Bratislava on the plains to the
west, has been under direct siege 47
days since Dec. 27 when the Russians
surrounded the city and broke into
its streets. Soviet planes and artil-
lery had been bombarding it since
the first week in November.
Fresh Russian- gains were made in
Pomerania and in the Polish Corridor
during the day. Col. Gen. Ivan Pet-
rov's Fourth Ukraine Army drove to
within 20 miles east of Moiavia Os-
trava, Czechoslovakia's third city and
guarding the northern gateway to the
Moravian Gap leading to Vienna and
Prague, with the capture of Stru-
Reds Attack Near Ratibor
Berlin said other Soviet units were
attacking near Ratibor, 16 miles
north of Moravska Ostrava, known
as the Pittsburgh of Czechoslovaki.
Marshal Ivan S. Konev's First Uk-
raine Army reached the Bober River
on a 15-mile front from captured
Bunzlau northward, cutting the Bres-
lau-Berlin superhighway and trunk
railway at many points.
Berlin said his tank spearheads al-
ready had'crossed the Bober at two
points near Bunzlau and were rolling
on toward the Saxong frontier only
28 miles away.
At Bunzlau, a 12-way road rub on
the Breslau-Leipzig railway, the Rus-
sians were 90 miles northeast of
Prague, Czechoslovakian capital, 22
miles from the Sudetan border of that
country, and 25 miles from the Neisse
River stronghold of Goerlitz.
Hoffman Introduces
Bill Against Petrillo
WASHINGTON, Feb. 12.-- (A) -
Legislation entitled "To Restore One
of the Four Freedoms, the Freedom
of Expression"was introduced today
by Rep. Hoffman (Rep., Mich.)
He said it was aimed at lifting a
ban imposed by James Petrillo, head
of the American Federation of Musi-
cians (AFL), on broadcast of the
Interlochen, Mich., student concerts,
and at prohibiting any similar bans.

- Miss Kaemmerle, who wrote that
the time would come when Negroes
should attend the college, "join the
same clubs, be our roommates, pin
the same classmates and marry
among us," did not attend a student
mass meeting today -.at which the
protest against censorship of the
weekly was made. She told an inter-
viewee' she would "rather forget"
about the editorial but that she was
still sticking to her views.
The student mass meeting was held
today after members of the staff of
'the "Plat Hat" said they had been
offered two alternatives by President
John E. Pomfert-a paper with fac-
ulty o; administrative censorship, or
suspension of publication. The edit-
ors chose the latter.
Speaker after speaker asserted, at
today's mass meeting that the ques-
tions before the meeting was not ap-
proval of the editorial-many frankly
did not agree with its expressions-
but was a question of whether stu-
dents wanted a censored publication.
By a rising vote they adopted a reso-
lution offered by Harvey Chappel of
Clarkville, Va., protesting "infringe-
ment of the doctrine" of freedom of
the press as "laid down by our honor-
ed alumnus, Thomas Jefferson," and
calling for adoption of a policy which
"will insure free and uncensored stu-
dent publications."
The campus was placarded before
today's meeting with signs reading:
"Freedom of the Press or No Press."
Near the dining hall someone had
hanged a figure, labeled "Board of
Visitors," which had a head made
from newspapers.
Education for
N/egroes Upheld
Enlightened Negro and white lead-
ership, working harmoniously, has re-
sulted in increased Negro education
in both the North and South, Presi-
dent Joseph J. Rhodes of Bishop Col-
lege (Texas) said yesterday.
President Rhodes, who received his
master's degree from the University
in 1935, now visiting the School of
Education, stated that during the
last two years, public school payrolls
for Negro teachers have increased
"The great educational need in the
South today is for strong private
Negro schools," he said. "These
schools, pioneers in education for
their people, are still carrying more
than one-half of the advanced educa-
tional load."
"After they blazed the trail," Pres.
Rhodes pointed out, "the states have
built high schools that today are
good, particularly in the cities, even
though the curriculum offered often
is narrow."
"The high schools are turning out
well-trained graduates who are ready
and asking for college educations," he

DRIVING AHEAD--As American doughboys "assure the extinction of the Japanese" left in Manila, other
forces of the Yanks in the Philippines drive to the east of Luzon to completely seal off the island. These
men skirt across open terrain behind an advance guard of tanks.

Yanks, Canadians Combine To
Topple Nazi Westwall Citadels
Kfi Ii P F l0143lY 1

x.eve, Irrn ran
In New Allied Drive
By The Associated Press
PARIS, Feb. 12.-Kleve and Pruem,
western German citadels which with-
stood the shock of an Allied drive
last autumn, fell today to the Cana-
dian First and U.S. Third Armies in
the van of the big push from the
The Canadian First Army ground
on beyond shell-flattened Kleve, the
northern westwall anchor, to within
22 miles of Wesel, in the northwest
corner of the Ruhr industrial basin.
Nazis Driven from Pruem
The U.S. ,Third Army drove the
Germans from the Eifel Mountain
stronghold of Pruem - 115 miles
south of Kleve-with surprising ease.
Only a few isolated snipers along
the river remained to contest the
American hold on this town linking
large sections of the westwall with
sources of supply on the Rhine.
The enemy's hold on the westwall
along the German-Luxembourg bor-
der also was challenged by the hard-
hitting Third Army, which installed
pontoon bridges over the border line
Our and Sure Rivers at several points
and was sending tanks and tank de-
stroyers across in a gathering offen-
sive push.
Germans Alarmed
The Germans showed the greatest
alarm at the northernmost cam-
paign, and a front dispatch said they
had hurried up armored units to
reinforce their sagging lines.
Enemy broadcasts admitted Field
Cheever Beats Delta
Gamma for Crown
Adelia Cheever House, re-playing a
37-all tie with Delta Gamma last
week, clinched its hold on the wo-1
men's campus basketball title last
night, defeating the Delta Gammas,
53 to 51, in a cage tilt at Barbour
Cheever nosed out Delta Gamma
in the last minute of play as the two
teams alternated for the lead in a
see-saw battle. Virginia Bailey paced
Cheever scorers.
Miss Bailey, Pat Campbell, Evelyn
Phillips and Helen Gray were Chee-
ver forwards. Clara Albiston, Ruby
Kuhlman, Hazel Mills, Elise Cambon,
Isabel Milne and Dorothy Sherba+
filled in at guard positns for the

Marshal Montgomery was breaking
through the Kleve defenses and ex-
pressed fears that Gen. Eisenhower
was massing tanks here for a break-
through along the Rhine.
Other German accounts declared a
large-scale offensive was impending
farther south in the Aachen area,
where the British Second and U.S.
Ninth Armies are on the flooded Roer
14 miles from the Ruhr city of Muen-
Gen. H. D. G. Crerar's Canadian
First Army ground through the rub-
ble of Kleve, a city which once had a
population of 20,000, seized three-
fourths of the nearby Reich forest
and was closing from two directions
on a second important communica-
tions center at Goch, seven miles
Scott Calls for
Post- War Draft
For America
Post-war military training is a
necessary follow-up of any United
Nations agreement on post-war secur-
ity, according to Walter E. Scott,
Commander of the American Legion
of Detroit.
Scott spoke on the side of universal
conscription in a debate with Prof.
William Clark Trow of the educa-
tion school last night. The debate
was sponsored by the Michigan Youth
for Democratic Action.
Scott continued by saying that the
only alternative to an immense stand-
ing army or complete unpreparedness
is peace-time conscription.
Prof. Trow, in his negation, claimed
that conscription is thought of as the
only alternative because nothing bet-
ter has been suggested. He proposed
such other possibilities as a volun-
tary system of camps, voluntary en-
listment and scholarships for train-
ing of technicians.
In answer to Scott's claim that
Army discipline will mature and
strengthen the conscriptees charac-
ter, Prof. Trow claimed that this pro-
gram would prove to be a year's train-
ing in evasion of laws. As proof, he
told of the thousands who have crack-
ed under training during the war and
the evasion of regulations by soldiers
and sailors im school.

Yank Advance
Slashes Luzon
Island tn Half
Street-Fighting Gi's
Tighten Manila Trap
By The Associated Press
MANILA, Feb. 13-Three Yank di-
visions linked forces Monday in a solid
line against the shell-wrecked bay
front of Manila south of the Pasig
The enemy's only possible means of
escape would be across the Bay to
Corregidor and Bataan, which bomb-
ers of all types battered with a rec-
ord weight of nearly 1,000 tons of ex-
plosives in a 48-hour period ending
Sunday night.
Flight Hazards Emphasized
The hazards of such a flight were
emphasized in today's communique
which reported American fighter
planes sank 35 barges, loaded with
2,500 Japanese, off the shores of
Bataan Peninsula Sunday.
It appeared more likely the Nippo-
nese in South Manila would stand and
die in the rubble-strewn area they
hold, already compressed to less than
five square miles.
There they were carrying out a
carefully calculated plan to set the
price of the city's capture as high in
lives and property as possible. They
fought behind thick walls.
- The American bombers, attack and
fighter plans which spilled destruc-
tion on the Japanese at Corregidor
and Bataan made 500 sorties in the
48-hour period.
200 Tons Hit Correigidor
More than 200 tons hit the rocky
island fortress of Corregidor where
Japanese guns have been silent for
more than a week after sustained aer-
ial poundings.
Within Manila, where three hard-
fighting American divisions were ov-
errunning networks of pillboxes and
seizing big enemy guns, Gen. Douglas
MacArthur announced today the ex-
tinction of the enemy war near but
that the twin aims of conserving the
lives of the doughboys and the city
property slowed the process.
Hit Luzon East Coast
To the northeast of Manila, armor-
ed tnits of the Sixth Division, driving
east across Nueva Ecija province,
reached the east coast of Luzon-the
first Yank penetration t othat shore-
at Dingalan Bay.
In South Manila, the Japanese are
"now closely encircled" and are being
"compressed into extinction," today's
communique announced.

Chiefs Agree
On Military,
Political Issues
Reparations, Polish
Problem To Be Settled
By The Associated Press
WASHINGTON, Feb. 12.-The Big
Three, winding up an eiglt-day con-
ference around a white draped table
in an old play spot of the czars, an-
nounced tonight their formula for
the triumphal conclusion of a wa
and the beginning of organized peace.
Their nine-point program, an-
nounced at the end of the fateful
day-and-night sessions, projected this
nation fully on to center stage in
European affairs.
Meeting at Yalta Ends
That in outline is the record of
the meeting concluded yesterday in
the one-time summer palace of Czar
Nicholas 11 on the Black Sea at Yalta
in the Crimea, a conference that
may shape tomorrow's world.
The decisions were announced to-
day in a joint communique from the
participants, President Roosevelt,
Prime Minister Cnurchill, and Prem-
ier Stalin.
Here at home first reaction in Con-
gress and elsewhere was overwhelm-
ingly favorable for the rport of the
leaders of the three great powers.
That report covered these prime re-
Prime Resolves
final extirpation of Nazism and
militarism; elimination or control of
Al German industry usable for war;
0o softening of unconditional sur-
:ender, and no break in the Allied
.ront. .
The nine points of the Big Three
communique are:
1. Detailed agreement among the
United States, Britain and Russia on
military plans against Germany
vhich "will result in shortening the
war." As if speaking to the German
>eople over the head of Hitler, the
,ommunique warned them that "Nazi
3-ermany is doomed. The German
zeople will only make the cost of
heir defeat heavier to themselves
)y attempting to continue a hopeless
2. A final decision to split Ger-
x-any into zones of military occupa-
tion after victory. The United States,
..reat Britain and Russia each will
icupy a zone, and France will be
invited to occupy another. If she
accepts, as she is expected to do;
'he control commission will be ex-
;>anded to include French members.
Victory is to be followed by destruc-
pion of Nazism and militarism ' and
:lirnination or control of German in-
dustry capable of war production.
3. A commission will be set up in
'Moscow to consider the amount of
Merman reparations, and how they
should be paid. The communique
Spoke especially of reparations in
'rind--presumably labor and goods.
4. A formula for settling the rank-
ling Polish issue was agreed upon.
Et provides for merging the provi-
sional government now recognized
by Russia with certain unnamed
"democratic leaders" from within
Poland and from exile Poles abroad.
It also provides that Churchill -and
Roosevelt recognize Stalin's insis-
'ence on the Curzon line as Polands
eastern boundary which gives Russia
huge chunks of so-called old Poland
including the cities of Vilna. and
5. Another formula along the
ame lines was disclosed for Yugo-
;lavia. The Big Three said Marshall
rito, who is now running the country
.rom the inside, and Dr. Subasic, the
:ri e minister of the exile govern-
ment at London, should immediately
;et up their coalition government as
previously agreed on.

6. To provide continuing consul-
tation of the Big Three the chiefs of
state agreed that their foreign sec-
ret ries should meet every three or
tour months, beginning in London
-about the middle of the year.
7. The Big Three also made up
their minds on the big issue still
unsettled in the Dumbarton Oaks
plan for world organization and a-
;reed that the United Nations should
hold a full dress conference on this
plan in San Francisco beginning.
April 25. The formula for settling
issue which had previously led to
disagreement was whether a big
power, if accused of aggression,
should have a veto power an any
action against itself. The formula
for settling this dispute will be made
known as soon as China and France

Finals Loom, Bluebook Time Draws Near

Editor's Note: Perry Logan, The Daily's
roving reporter, was assigned to procure
accurate campus opinion and reaction to
the approach of final exams. After weeks
of painstaking research, he has formed
the conclusions which are printed below:
"Hey, Paul, ain't you ever comin'
to bed?"

dent whose average is either above
or below 2.9, there has never yet
been found a.cure for its pitiful
The first symptoms of the disea-
se usually appears abouttwo weks

disorder of Toom, as student suddenly
realizes he has lost Ec 51 notes.
Oddly enough, in the most acute
stages of the affliction, the sufferer
discovers that his roommate is the
most obnoxious person he has ever

anoia complex in the patient, and
he often questions the existence of a
good and omnipotent supreme being
who would permit such excresences
as exam-loving professors and addle-

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