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February 11, 1945 - Image 8

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The Michigan Daily, 1945-02-11

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SUNDAY, FEB. 11, 1945

Tokyo Interested in POW Treatment


By JAMES D. WHITE thousands of British and Australian
Associated Press Correspondent prisoners.
WASHINGTON, Feb. 10-Tokyo is It was the military, it's believed,
taking a sudden interest in civilized which held up the first exchange of
treatment for prisoners of war and diplomats and some civilians for
civilian internees, more than six months. This was
"If there is anything Japan can do allowed to go thrcugh in June, 1942,
(to improve the lot of Allied prison- Irob bly because the military got
ers and internees) Japan is ready to back many important Japanese
do it," says Sadao Iguchi of the figures.
Board of Information on Tokyo The Foreign Office at that time
Radio, was headed by Masayuki Tani, a
Japan is even talking aocut further tough-talking diplomat who had been
repatriation and has offered to per- picked by the military.
mit neutrals to visit some hitherto Tani was replaced in April, 1943,
unvisited camps by Mamoru Shigemitsu, one of
This offer does net amount to I Japan's ablest diplomats. Shigemitsu
much, indicates our State Depart- once was Ambassador in London and
ment, but it may be a sign of the know the world which Japan defied.
times. Maybe it was just coincidence that
An increasing number of Japanese he was chosen Foreign Minister right
nationals are falling into American after American forces got a firm grip
hands. Tens of thousands may have on the Solomons and the German
been captured in Manila, it's thought were thrown back at Stalingrad.
here. Maybe it just happened that after
Some observers long have felt that Shigmcitsu became Foreign Minister,
once the tide turned, Tokyo would the second exchange of nationals
sprout a halo. took place in December, 1943.
A third exchange had been pro-
The Japanese Foreign Office has posed, but Japan was not inter-
been growing one for more than a ested. in allowing relief goods tobe
year, very slowly. Here are the bare sent to Allied prisoners (except on
outlines of the very complicated the two exchanges) or in admitting
record: nutal inspectors to their prison
The Japanese Military's actions camps freely, according to interna-
show that they knew little and care tiona l agreements.
less about the proper treatment of The State Department says inspec-
prisoners. In the flush of their early tors were shown some camps in
victories they produced such spec- Japan, Formosa, China and Man
tacles as the Bataan death march and churia but only when the Japanese
the jungle slave-gangs in Thailand, military allowed it. No inspectors
Burma and Malaya which killed ever Tot south of Hongkong.
Correspondent Relates Tales
Of Tankers on estern Front
By ROBERT EUNSON . opened fire on him, whereupon Sgt.
Associated Press Correspondent o-n
ON THE WESTERN FRONT -Venip Raines of Dyer, Tenn., walked
Tankers are brave men. Pvt. Cecil out from the rear with his tommygun
Pickett of Johnston, Ia., always will blazing and liquidated the opposition.
remember the first battle he fought The other night the Germans stole
with the Second Armored Division. into the Fifth Armored Division's area
A replacement in the division, he and unloosed a bridge span over a
was riding in a tank cockpit when the crater in a rpad.
driver was killed. Though wounded, The next vehicle to come along,
Pickett took over and backed the tank commanded by S./Sgt. George F.
for 2,000 yards until he got it under King of Lawrenceburg, Ky., and driv-
cover. en by Sgt. Harold A. Frey of Helena,
cove.WMont., crossed the bridge safely but
Sgt. Willkie C. "Cowboy" Brayeten the trailer it was hauling fell when
of Cody, Wyo., did not stop his tank the span collapsed and dumped 14
until the fifth 88-millimeter shell to German prisoners into the water-fll-
strike it knocked off the track and ed crater.
then he went another 100 yards onl ed__raer._
the bogey wheels.
Enemy Shot Bits Richter's Body
After he jumped out, another ene-
my shot crashed through the turret Found At A m a
where he had been, Cowboy now
has a new tank-his sixth since he
started fighting. ALMA, Mich., Feb. 1--YP)-A troop
S./Sgt. Oscar Wells of Route Two, of boy scouts today found the body
Hillsboro, Tenn., once maneuvered his of Hans Richter, 29-year-old Alma
tank into position and held more than College Professor who had been miss-
30 Germans inside a house until ing since Jan. 28, hanging in a small
doughboys moved in and captured wooden scoring booth at a softball
them. diamond a mile southwest of here.
the. G. V. Wright, Gratiot County Cor-
The crew from one of the Fifth's oner, said it was apparent Richter
Shermans bailed out when a direct hanged himself, with his own belt,
hit stopped their tank. Discovering and that no inquest would be neces-
they were facing a German trenchsanyd
containing three riflemen they took sanyt
stok ad fundony oe wapo wi11 In a note he left at the home of
stock and found only one weapon with the Rev. J. A. Watson retired mini-
which to defend themselves. ster with whom he lived here, he
Throwing Radio said: "It is impossible to live here.
Pfc. Casmir Kopack of Cleveland, This is a reason to die."
Ohio, went to the front of the tank Friends reported Richter had been
and threw rocks until the Germansin ill health.

The real change began last sum-
mer, after American forces conquered
the Marshalls and Marianas. For
more than a year American relief
supplies had been piling up in Vla-
divostok, in Russian Siberia. The
Japanese finally took them to Japan,
months later sent a boatload to
China. They now are sending an-
other boatload to French Indo-China,
Hongkong, Singapore and the Neth-
erlands Indies.
Meanwhile Tokyo discovered an
interest in its nationals held by
American forces and said it would
be nice if neutrals could visit Jap-
anese we hold in New Caledonia,
the Marshalls and the Marianas.
The United States replied that it
would talk about that when the
Japanese allowed neutrals to visit
Americans held throughout the
Philippines and other Japanese-
occupied territories.
Belatedly Tokyo replied that this
might be arranged for Santo Thomas
civilian internment camp at Manila,
but it said nothing about visits to
prisoner'of war camps in the Philip-
pines. Instead it offered to let a
Swiss representative look over the
prisoner of war hospital (not the
camp) in Thailand and a camp at
Singapore. We have no known pris-
oners of war at Singapore.
The state department points out
that the Santo Tomas offer no longer
has any value" since that camp has
been liberated.
Last month the Japanese foreign
office indicated through its Spanish
intermediaries that it was "carefully
considering" a further exchange of
nationals in 1945. It asked that its
nationals detained at the Tule Lake
segregation center in northern Cali-
fornia be informed of this decision.
The State Department was interested,
asked our intermediaries, the Swiss,
to obtain more information.
Tokyo in the past has displayed
little concern for its captured ci-
vilians (beyond trying to get back
important personnel and using the
rest for propaganda stories about
alleged American atrocities).
It's considered possible here that
.Tokyo, for purposes of pennies in
heaven, may become still more ac-
tively interested in the welfare of
prisoners and internees.
But the Foreign Office still has to
buck the indifference, jealousy and
sheer cruelty of the Japanese military
in the field or standing guard over
the prison camp.
Prof. Koella
To Speak Today
"The Role of Switzerland in This
War" will be discussed by Prof.
Charles Koella, of the Romance Lan-
guage department, who will lecture
at 7:30 p.m. today at the Interna-
tional Center.
A native of Switzerland, Prof. Koeel-
la. will discuss the difficult position
of a neutral. The traditional posi-
tion of the country, necessitated by
its central location, is supported by
international treaties guaranteeing
strict official neutrality.
Prof. Koella will also discuss the
second function of the Swiss in war-
time, its htunanitarian role. The
founder of the Red Cross, Switzer-
land cares for military prisoners all
over the world, effectively relieving
the worst abuses in concentration
camps. The country also offers pro-
tection to politidal refugees.




is a recent portrait of British
Air Vice Marshal H. A. Constan-
tine, C.B.E., D.S.O.

T I N Y I A N C T E M P L E - Soldiers of the British 36th Division drive their motorized units by
a temple as they move into a parking area in Tinyiang, Burma.

T 0 P 0 W C A M P - A U. S. First Army soldier guards as
German prisoners in a Belgian town march to POW camp.

L I B E R A T E D - This Filipino mother and child greeted Yank
forces freeing Philipines from Japdomination.




Prof. John Lederle of the,
political science depart-
ment, Others will be John
Huss, Grad., a former sec-
retary of the Union;
George Darrow, NROTC,
retiring secretary of the
Union; Tom Bliska, '45, re-
tiring president of the Un-
ion; and David Striffler,
46D, former secretary of
the Union.
THE FAMOUS conduct-
or of the Goldman Band of
New York City, Dr. Edwin
Franko Goldman, paid tri-
bute to the Concert Band's
conductor, Prof. William D.
Revelli, just before the last
number at the Band's an-
nual mid-winter program
in Hill Auditorium last
Sunday. Turning to the
audience, Dr. Goldman
said, "A man who can keep
a band of this quality go-
ing and keep it up to this
standard in these times can
be called a genius." Fur-
ther lauding the Band's di-
rector, he declared that
Prof. Revelli has done more
for the school band move-
ment than anyone else.
has the distinction of being
the first Chinese woman to
serve in the Army's Medi-

versity spoiled Michigan's
last appearance on its home
court Friday night as the
surprisingly strong Wild-
cats handed the Wolver-
ines an unexpected 49-34
drubbing. Northwestern led
all the way except for a
brief period in the first
minutes and won going
away. Piling up a 26-18
lead at half-time, the Wild-
cats steadily increased their
margin through the second
period and then Withstood
a belated Michigan rally in
the later stages. After the
Wolverines had made it
40-34 with five minutes re-
maining, the Purple scored
nine straight points to in-
sure victory. Frank Wright
led the scoring with 12
points, followed by Con-
ference leader Max Mor-
ris with 11. Bob Geahan
paced Michigan with 10.
mers chalked up their
third straight Big Ten dual
meet victory Friday after-
noon, swamping Minne-
sota, 50-34. Using reserves
freely, Michigan won all
but two events in piling up
its margin. Only in the
diving and the 200-yard
breaststroke, in which Con-

weeks Friday afternoon as
Minnesota and Michigan
fought to a 14-14 deadlock.
Going into the last match
behind 14-9, the Gopher
heavyweight, Bill Aldworth
pinned Wolverine Bill Hol-
combe to give his team five
points and the draw. Only
one other fall was regis-
tered as Art Sachsel, Mich-
igan's 121-pound entrant,
pinned Togami in 4:38. Jim
Galles, the Wolverine vet-
eran now competing in his
fourth year, won his fourth
straight match of the seas-
on in the 175-pound brack-
SWEEPING three relays
and three individual titles,
Michigan's track team
made its 1945 indoor debut
in convincing style as it
dominated the 15-event
program of the First An-
nual Michigan Relays here.
The Wolverine thinclads
also picked up several sec-
onds and .thirds in a fine
display of team balance
and power. The distance
medley quartet of Art
Thomasen, Dick Barnard,
Archie Parsons, and Ross
Hume took that event han-
dily, as did Parsons, Thom-
ason, George Vetter, and
Ross Hume in the two-

VARY 11, 1945
quarter mile run. Wilmer I
Jackson, Ohio State hurdl-
ing star, proved the only
double winner as he took
both the high and low hur-
dles. Only in the three-
quarter mile relay and the
shot put did Michigan fail
to place at least one team
or individual.
LAST NIGHT, the cag-
ers travelled to Madison,
Wisconsin where they were
rather rudely received by
the Badgers, going down,
55-44. Thus, Wisconsin ob-
tained partial revenge for
an earlier 50-37 trimming
at the hands of the Wol-
verines. Paced by ace cen-
ter Ray Patterson who
scored 18 points, the Bad-
gers surged into a 29-21
lead at halftime and coast-
ed the rest of the way, us-
ing frequent substitutions
iii the second stanza. John
Mullaney led Michigan
with 11 tallies, followed by
Bob Geahan with 10. The
loss was the seventh in 11
Big Ten starts for the Wol-
verines, while Wisconsin
now has three victories in
five encounters.

S 0 M E L I K E I T H 0 T-While residents of most of the eastern United States worry about fuel shortages and record cold waves,
Jane Parham surveys the crowd at Miami Bea.ch where water was 71 degrees, air 74.


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