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February 10, 1945 - Image 1

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The Michigan Daily, 1945-02-10

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WEATIIER
Cloudy, Snow dFlurries
and Colder

I'

VOL. LV, No. 81 ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN SATURDAY, FEB. 10, 1945

PRICE FIVE CENTS

Pat Coulter Wins
SeniorPresidency
Small Number of Lit School Ballots
Give Darrow, Mantho, Plate Offices

Broaden

Front

in

Big

Sweep

Pat Coulter swept the literary'
school senior election yesterday by
piling up a big lead in what proved to
be a disappointingly small number
of ballots cast.
She received 273 points to capture
the position of president, while Jim
Plate won the vice-presidency with
a 163 point total. George Darrow
received the secretary's post with
148 points and Hank Mantho was
elected class treasurer with 132
points.
Officers Are Active
Miss Coulter is from Grosse Pointe,
Mich. and a member of Chi Omega
Sports Result
Michigan 34, Northwestern 49.
Michigan was defeated last
light in the final home game of
the season. For further details
see Page 3.
Senator Blasts
Manp ower Bill
In Committee

sorority. She is vice-p
the Women's War Count
a member of the 1944 'V
nittee. Plate was recenti
president of the Union
chairman of the Bomber
Committee. His home is
Darrow is secretary of
a member of Phi Gamma~
ternity and a member of
wrestling squad. He is s
campus in the NROTC
from Rochester, N.Y. Sl
of The Daily, Manthoc
Alliance, O. He is p
Sphinx junior honor soci
president of the Union
member of the 1944 footb
Preferential SystemUsed
The election was condt
the preferential ballot
voter indicating his choic
dates for each of the fou
tabulating the ballots,
were given for a first
three for a second, tv o
and one point for a fc
vote.
Jim Wallis, president o
Judiciary Council, said
possible was done "to in
election," but that the C
disappointed in the small
votes cast." Only 145 se
mif f nnrnvinfa~ ril

resident of
cil and was
7-Ball com-
y appointed
and is c3-
Scholarship
in Lima, O.
the Union,
a Delta fra-
the varsity
tationed on
and comes
ports editor
comes from
resident of
ety, a vice-
and was a
all team.
acted under

Russians
Drive on,
To Stettin
Southern Offensive
Outflanks Breslau
By T.he :asociated Press
LONDON, February 10. - The
Red Army swept to within 29 milesj
of Berlin's Baltic port of Stettin yes-
terday in its swift drive to seal off allj
northeastern Germany, and the en-
emy announced that a new "gigan-
tic" Soviet southern offensive had.
deeply outflanked Breslau by rolling
35 miles west of that Silesian capital.
On the Berlin front the Russians
were said by the Germans to have
crossed the Oder and cut direct
north - south communications be-
tween Kuestrin, Frankfurt and Fuer-
stenberg at points within 35 miles
of imperilled Berlin. These three
fortresses are Berlin's major shields
and the Russians were trying to
encircle them.

Army Approaches
Fortress of Kleve
New Offensive Gains Almost 10 Miles;
Fourteen Towns Are Captured in Drive
By The Associated Press
PARIS, Feb. 9-The Canadian army broadened the front of its big
new offensive to almost ten miles today after sweeping up 14 towns in
gains of nearly five miles, and drove to within four miles of flaming Kleve,
imperiled northern fortress of western Germany's defenses.
The fury of the assault from the west mounted on a 200-mile front as
Gen. H. D. G. Crerar's Canadian and British forces battered eastward
between the Rhine and Maas rivers 27 miles from Wesel, at the northwest
corner of the Ruhr Valley-last great source of the enemy's war potential.
The U. S. First Army 85 miles to the south outflanked the giant
Schwammenauel Dam, whose pent-up waters could be unloosed to crush

any British and American drive
tions north and east of Aachen.

on the Ruhr from their springboard posi-

22

American

system
e of c
ir post
four pi
place
for aI
ourthl
f the N
every
sure a
ouncil
l numgE
niorsv
fl Ixh

out of appr oximateiy 5u who
'9y h geligible, he said. The election
conducted in strict conforman
Production Dangered the recently revised campus ele
I rules. Senior Society and Union
WASHINGTON, Feb. 9-4P)--Sen- outs manned the polls during
ator O'Mahoney (D.-Wyo.) argued to- election.
day that to scrap the voluntary man- Totals Listed
p'ower placement system and install Following is the vote-point
a compulsory program would en- for each of the nine candidates:
danger rather than stimulate war Pat Coulter............273 p
production. Jim Plate ..............163
"No new system for handling war George Darrow ..........148
problems has worked efficiently from Hank Mantho ..........132
the date of its adoption," he said in Ann Terbrueggen.127
a statement. "The War Produc- Robert C. Acton .....124
tion Board and the Office of Price Patricia Hel...........116
Administration and the War Man- Pam Watt r.............96
power Commission all had to oper- Sonya Heller...........68
ate for months before they began to
run with anything resembling M ore Tha rt $
smoothness. It is difficult to imagine
that compulsory manpower controls
would be any more successful." j' Iatsea (et
O'Mahoney is a member of the
Senate Military Affairs Committee I /SF Car,ivc
which has been studying for a fort-rnFr
night the bill empowering the gov-
ernment to force men 18 through 45 The World Student Service
into war jobs. Closed hearings, be- carnival, complete with cigaret
gun this week, are expected to con- fles, Naval V-12 escorts, and fo:
tinue at least another week. The telling booths, was declared a su
testimony from high government of- by Johanne McMillan, directo
ficials, including Secretary of War the carnival, who estimated that
Stimson and Secretary of the Navy $120 was collected.
Forrestal, has been favorable. The Cigarettes were auctioned for
first non-governmental witnesses con- pack; Navy V-12 sailors sold t
demned it. selves as "slaves" for 15 miniAP

the Several Arnies Hurled In
andi- German broadcasts said that sev-
s. In eral Russian armies had been hurled
points into the swelling Silesian drive that
vote sent Soviet spearheads to the edge
third of Liegnitz, big transit center and
place manufacturing city of 76,000 astride
the direct Berlin-Breslau communi-
Men's cation lines.
thing In East Prussia the Russians drove
fair new spearheads to the Baltic coast
"was and surrounded the haibor city of
er of Elbing, between Koenigsberg, and
voted Danzig territory, thus dimming fur-
were ther the escape possibilities of the
was remnantsof 200,000 to 250,000 er-
ie to mns originally trapped in a pocket
ce to below Koenigsberg.
try- Oder Struggle Is fierce
the While the Germans said the heavi-
est fighting on the eastern front was
nPomerania and Silesia, they also
total gave further details of the grueling
struggle along the Oder due east of
'oints the capital.
South of Frankfurt other Soviet
units which recently crossed the riv-
er were said to have cut lines be-
tween there and Fuerstenberg. The
Russians also were fighting in the
outskirts of Frankfurt's eastern sub-
urb of Damm after whittling down
the slender Nazi holdings on the east
bank.
20 One German broadcast also told
of a new Soviet penetration to the
Oder opposite Schwedt, 36 miles
northwest of besieged Kuestrin, and

I-
3
i
I
I'

WHITE CROSS MARKS AMERICAN CEMETERY-This white cross
marks the cemetery where American prisoners were buried at Camp
O'Donnell, destination of Americans and Filipinos who made the march
of death on Luzon after the fall of Bataan and C orregidor.
Alrborne ivisions Mop Up
Mana's Japanese Garrison

Craft ,Downed
By Jet, Planes
Nazis Out-Maneuver
American Bombers
By The Associated Press
LONDON, Feb. 9-A mighty force

y The Associated Press 1_..of 1,300 American bombers, guarded
MANILA, Saturday, Feb. 10-Fierce captured Olongapo naval base on Su- by almost 900 fighters faced the
fighting is in progress in South Man- bic Bay. greatest challenge of German jet
ila, where the 37th and 11th Airborne Yanks Secure Crossings planes today and escaped with a loss
Divisions are mopping up the re- Sixth Division Yanks secured cross-3of 19 bombers and three fighters.
inso ail'teenigg rri uigs on the upper Pampanga River atof1bmeranthefitrs
mains of 1Manila's defending garri- zal and Bongabon in clearing the The Germans, using new tactics
son, Gen. Douglas MacArthur report- enemy from the upper section of the to forestall the American aerial blows,
ed today. central Luzon plain. sent up jet-propelled Messerschmitt
"The fighting is of the fiercest." American warplanes made wide- 262s which flashed in and out of the
MacArthur said in his Saturday com- spread raids,, sweeping the China bomber formations, literally flying
munique. coast and bombing Formosa again.
Jap Attacks Repulsed Many fires and explosions were set rings around the heavy craft.
To the south, two Japanese coun- off at the Heito airdrome on For- Baffled gunners aboard the Flying
terattacks near Tagaytay, where the mosa. Fortresses and Liberators failed to
11th Airborne Paratroopers landed to MacArthur said the Manila action shoot down any of these attackers,
begin their lightning drive into south was particularly fierce. flying at a speed of ten miles a mi-
Manila, were "bloodily repulsed." The 37th and 11th Divisions are nute, but escorting Mustang pilots
In bitter fighting on Bataan, 38th engaged in house to house and street knocked down five of the jets.
Division troops reached the town of combat," he reported.
Moron in a 10-mile advance from the Nichols Airfield Neared Eighteen ordinary-type Messer-;
The 11th Airborne Yanks were last schmitt and Focke Wulf fighters also
NAV Y CROSS.reported in the vicinity of Nichols were blasted from the sky and 41
VAirfield, on the south fringe of the German planes were destroyed on the
Philippine capital. Prime objective ground.
Johnsm iller To Iof the 37th Division, which crossed Effectiveness of the new German
the PasgRivri mhibiostanks EfcieesoftenwGga
Thursday, was the South Manila dock procedure was not indicated, but one
onore;area witness told of a Flying Fortress crip-
Fires set by enemry demolition pled and forced to hide in clouds after
In a public ceremony to be held squads stillsmoldered throughout the a 15-minute attack by the"etties"
at 11:15 a.m, today in the Intramural city. Gaunt steel or concrete skele- had left the Fortress gunners dizzy.
building, former Marine Corp'oral tons of building grimly testified to the Five of the jet jobs were not shot
Robert W. Johnsmiller, 22, of 414 W. enemy's persistence in destroying down by American fighters. The
Summit, will be presented with the what he could not hold. bomber gunners did not claim any.
Navy Cross for extraordinary hero- New fires flared occasionally in the Seven other fighter pilots reported
ism shown at Tarawa, Nov. 20, 1943. southern sector, where Japanese torch shooting down 'conventional Messer-
The former Marine hero, now em- squads stil wee pwnrk, ut sehmitts or Focke-Wulfs, some of
ployed as a plant assigner atthe believed the worst was over. Enemy which acted as escorts for the comet-
Plymouth Bell Telephone Company, resistance weakened. like jet planes.j
will be the second man to receive the (Tokyo Radiosaid Friday that Bomber crews said the jet planes
Navy Cross at a University ceremony. the main Japanese forces had been attacked singly . or in pairs, with
Marine Corporal Henry Witowski was withdrawn, leaving behind only en- ME-109s hovering in the distance to
awarded the medal last April for ough troops to maintain peace and guard against American fighter inter-
extraordinary heroism at Tarawa; order." ference.

were within four miles of the main
road east out of the city.
In southern Alsace, all enemy re-
sistance was wiped out, an official
announcement said, and victory flags
flew over the city of Colmar, The
only Germans remaining on French
soil were in northern Alsace, where
they were dug in for nothing more
than jadefensive stand.
Field Marshal' Montgomery threw
reinforcements into the mounting
battle at the northern hinge of the
western front, where Canadians and
Tommies were sloggin gthrough the
mud against still relatively light re-
sistance about 360 miles from the
Russians on the eastern front.
In the second day of the offensive
they already were well into the Reich-
swald-a forest protecting Kleve from
the west-and were hacking into the
Siegfried Line after passing through
what veteran troopers called "the
of death."

Striking behind one of the heaviest
barrages ever laid down by First Army
guns, the Americans seized Hasenfeld,
less than a mile east of the dam, and
brought the structure itself within
range of machineguns.
Farther south, the U. S. Third Ar-
my was hammering at the German
defenders of the Eifel Mountain
stronghold of Pruem from positions
three-quarters of a mile northwest of
the city. The enemy fought furiously
to hold the important communication
center.
Less than six miles to the north,
doughboys already eight miles inside
the Reich threatened to outflank
Pruem by forcing two crossings of
the river of the same name. They

Fund
raf-
rtune
JCcess
or of
over
$1 a
hem-
ber-

said the Russians apparently intend-
ed to try to cross the Oder in that
area 45 miles northeast of Berlin.
White Russians Lay Barrage
Moscow dispatches said Marshal
Gregory K. Zhukov's First White
Russian army was laying down one
of the heaviest artillery barrages of
the war on German lines between
the Oder and Berlin. The Soviet
communique, however, did not men-
tion this sector where the Germans
say the Russians have multiplek
bridgeheads across the river 30 to 43
miles from the capital.
House Bottles
Up Wallace Post]

Bluebook Ball
To Be Tonight
Bluebook Ball, sponsored by the
Union Executive Council and featur-
ing Bill Layton and his orchestra will
be presented from 9 p. m. to midnight
tonight in the Ballroom of the Union
to provide relaxation for students be-
fore finals get under way.
This will be the first Bluebook
Ball to be presented by the Council
and it is strictly an informal affair.;
A novel feature of the evening will be
programs in the form of miniature
Bluebooks which will serve as favors.
These will be graded beforehand and
couples receiving A's or E's will be
presented with unique door prizes.
Making her initial appearance with
Layton and his orchestra will be B. J.
Huser from Joplin. Missouri.
CAMPUS EVENTS
Today Clark Tibbits will lecture
at 12:15 p. m. in Lane
Hall.;
Today Swimming meet with
University of Minnesota
at 2:30 p: in., Sports
Building.j
Today Michigan Relays, 7:30
p. m. at Yost Field House.,
Today Waterloo Athletic Club
hockey, 8 p. in. at the

iods; the Veterans' organization gave
everybody a chance to murder Hitler
and Hirohito with tennis balls; the
fortune tellers told everybody the re-
sults of their finals; white rats raced;
popcorn, candied apples and lemon-,

I
.
r

ade was sold at the main refresh- WASHINGTON, Feb. 9-P)-An#
ment booth conducted by the Con- anti-Wallace coalitiori seized control
gregational-Disciples and the Pres- in the House rules committee today
byterian Guilds. and succeeded in temporarily bottl-
Betsy Barbour girls allowed wet( ing up legislation in which a cabi-
sponges to be thrown at their faces, net post for the former vice president
while there was a penny-pitching is bound up.
game for thote who did not care to The resulting turmoij left Demo-
throw sponges at girls. The Baptist cratic leaders weighing extraordinary
Guild sponsored a horse race, and measures to bring the Senate-passed
the Methodist Guild, pin ball bowl- George Bill to the floor without rules
ing. committee blessing. The committee
Complete results of the drive which in effect held up action until next
ended yesterday, have not been an- Wednesday by adjourning to that
nounced. The campus goal is $4,000. date without decision.
Dean of Students Joseph A. Bur- The. measure would divorce the
sley, Prof. Donald L. Katz of the multi-billion dollar Reconstruction
college of Engineering and the Rev- finance corporation from the corn-
erend Chester H. M. Loucks formed merce secretaryship to which Presi-'
the Committee of Advisers for the dent Roosevelt has appointed Wal-
drive. lace.
DILEMMA IS DISCUSSED:

this took place on the same day as
Johnsmiller performed so aggres-
sively in the face of heavy Jap ma-
chinegun fire, losing his right eye
while. leading his men in the destruc-
tion of several enemy emplacements.
In the presence of his wife, Mari-
lyn, a nurse at the University Hos-
pital; his sister, Lois, secretary at the
JAG School supply department; oth-
er members of the family; and Ma-
rine trainees stationed at the Uni-
versity, Johnsmiller, dressed in his
Marine uniform, will be presented
with the Navy Cross by Maj. L. W.
Carmichael, supervisor of Marine re-I
cruiting in the Detroit area.
A graduate of Ann Arbor High
School in the Class of 1940, Johns-
miller spent 23 months in the Marinej
Corps, entering in April, 1942. He
was sent overseas in June of the{
same year and returned to the States
in December, 1943. Jchnsmiller was
honorably discharged in March, 1944.1

Death Toll Increases to 18 as
-lizzard Sweeps New ngland

BOSTON, Feb. 9.--i-P)- With a
death toll of 18 and damage mount-
ing into the millions, New England
tonight was digging itself out of its
worst blizzard since the Valentine's
Day storm of 1940.
A record fall of snow, ranging up
to 17 inches in Boston, clamped shut
stores and schools and left most war
plants limping on sparse manpower.
Transportation, virtually para-
lyzed for 24 hours, was wheezing
along in low gear. Highways were
flecked with stalled automobiles,
abandoned by their owners. Soldiers
answered a railroad appeal to shovel
out switches. Thousands of com-
muters trekked wearily homeward
after spending last night in police
stathAmis, railroad terminals and ho-
tel lobbies.
The intensity of the blizzard set
a record in Boston where seven inch-
es of snow fell between 8:30 p.m. and
2:30 a.m.
Thousands of workers, after strug-
gling through drifts to reach railroad
stations, car and bus stops, trudged
homeward again upon finding ser-

water; the third was swept out to
sea. As far as was known none was
aboard the vessels,
An already acute fuel shortage be-
came more severe with the tying up
of rail traffic and a virtual complete
halt of deliveries in some sections.
Gen. Dobbie To
Speak Tuesdayi
Malta's Defense Will
Be Topic of Lecture
"The Defense of Malta" will be the
topic of a lecture to be given by Lt.-
Gen. Sir William G. S. Dobbie at
8:30 p. m. Tuesday in Hill Auditor-j
ium, under the sponsorship of Mich-
igan Christian Fellowship and the
history department.
General Dobbie, accompanied by
Lady Dobbie, is making a coast-to-
coast tour of principle cities of the
United States in an effort to cement

Allied Three
Making Planis
For Occupation
Gernian Resistai ce
May Fold Suddenly
LONDON, Feb. 9.-("P) -The Big 3,
under pressure of the joint Allied
realizing the possibility of a sudden
collapse of military and civilian re-
sistance in huge areas of Germany
offensive, are believed whipping plans
into shape for occupying the Reich at
a moment's notice.
Well-informed quarters here sug,
gested today that President Roosevelt,
Prime Minister Churchill and Pre-
mier Stalin possibly are preparing
two occupation plans, under the first
of which specialized forces are being
alerted now for emergency duty. The
second plan would provide forces for
long-term assignment.
Troops Will Take Over
There are indications that special-
ized troops already are being concen-
trated on the fringes of Germany to
take over quickly when all or part of
the country collapses. This force in-
cludes civil affairs experts and
"teams" of the United Nations Relief
and Rehabilitation Administration.
With Nazi miiltary forces being
withdrawn to the south and south-
east, British officials said northern
Germany might collapse at any time.
They based this belief on reports
I from inside the Reich that many sec-
tions of northern Germany already
are showing signs of progressive de-
cay.
Plan To Keep Alert
In any event, the Big Three prob-
ably will shape their plans to the
ex~vtent thev will noet he icrniht nan-

Essentially All Are Pacifists, Frankena Says

We are all essentially pacifists,
according to Prof. William K.
Frankena of the philosophy de-
partment, who spoke on "The Dil-

Christian doctrine of the sacred-
ness of man.
Prof. Frankena distinguished be-
tween two types of pacifists. The
intuitionalist reasons that killing

sible thing; 23 factual- granted
that killing is the worst possible
thing, whether resistance to war
will save the most lives; 3) motiva-
tion-deciding that pacifism is the
nrflfnr n>r. ,cPa ,,h nth a,' ninr not. to

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