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January 21, 1945 - Image 1

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The Michigan Daily, 1945-01-21

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1N THEMARCHOFD IMES

FIGHT
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WEATHlER
Partly Cloudy with Little
Change in Temperature

VOL. LV, No. 64 ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, SUNDAY, JAN. 21, 1945

VOL. LV, No. 64

ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, SUNDAY, ,IAN. 21, 1945

PRICE FIVE CENTS

PRICE FIVE CENTS

Roosevelt Repeats
Oath, Speaks at

Red
AT

Armies

Kill,

Capture

90,000,

Fourth Inaugural iN ew

French Drive Menaces Alsace

Must Fight For Total Victory, Work
For Just, Durable Peace, He Says,
By The Associated Press
WASHINGTON, Jan. 20-In a ceremony of solemn simplicity Franklin
Delano Roosevelt embarked today on his fourth term as President of a
United States dedicated to victory and lasting world peace.
Standing on the south portico of the White House, he repated the
37-word oath of the President for the fourth time, and set the theme of
his new administration in these words:
"In the days and years that are to come we shall work for a just and
durable peace as today we work and fight for total victory in war."
A select crowd of 7,806 by the official count at the gates stood in the
snow of the White House lawn to witness the inaugural ceremony-strip-
ped of its usual glitter and pomp by the grimness of war.

.. .

Work-or-Jail
Law To Defer
Farm Laborers
Tydings Act Upheld
By Pressure Group
By The Associated Press
WASHINGTON, Jan. 20-In a bid
for farm bloc support, the House
Military Committee moved today to
re-emphasize in work-or-jail legis-
lation the principles of the Tydings
formula for deferring farm workers.
Although the committee was in
recess, Chairman May (D.-Ky.) said
it would write into, the legislation
requested by President Roosevelt a
proviso that nothing in the bill shall
be construed to set aside the opera-
tion of the Tydings Act. The Tyd-
ings Act blueprints for draft boards
the procedure for considering draft
deferment of farm workers.
Committee Meets Again Monday
The action, May said, will be taken
Monday when the committee re-
sumes its study of the legislation,
which already has been changed sub-
stantially and faces more revisions
before its expected arrival on the
House floor late next week. May's
move is designed to cut in ahead of
a farm state group's plan to do the
same thing with stiffer language.
Session May Be Prolonged
Monday's committee session may
be prolonged by a move by Repre-
sentative Stewart (D.-Okla.) to pre-
vent unions from requiring member-
ship of workers shifting into war-
jobs at the request of their draft
boards.
The committee already has decid-
ed not to expand the age group af-
fected by the legislation and has
substituted the penal provisions of
the Draft Act for an original pro-
posal to induct into army labor bat-
talions men who won't work where
draft boards direct.
Hungary Signs
Armistice Pact
Nazis Lose Last of
European Satellites
WASHINGTON, Jan. 20.- (P)-
The Allies signed an armistice with
Hungary today, leaving Hitler's Nazis
to fight alone in Europe.
The announcement came first from
Moscow where the pact was signed
by Marshal Klementi Voroshilov for
the United States, Britain and Rus-
sia.
Washington announced immediate-
ly afterwards that the text would be
made public tomorrow at noon, East-
ern War Time.
American officials showed consid-
erable pleasure with the terms,
which, it is believed, come more
closely to this country's ideas than
the armistices with Bulgaria or Ro-
mania.
The two main points on which the
United States government was pri-
marily interested were reparations
and the Allied control commission.
CAMPUS EVENTS
Jan. 22 Special Dime Daily Edi-
tion For Infantile Paral-
ysis Drive.
Jan. 22 Dean Henry Van Dusen
will talk on "Student
Leadership in the War
and the Post-War World
at 8 p. m. at Lydia Men-
delssohn Theatre.
Jan. 23 Eliot Janeway, writer for

Climaxed by Address
The whole thing was over in 15
minutes, climaxed by Mr. Roosevelt's
551-word fourth inaugural address.
A few minutes before the President
repeated the oath after Chief Justice
Harlan F. Stone, bespectacled Harry
S. Truman of Missouri was sworn in
as the third Roosevelt Vice President.
He took the oath from the man he
succeeded, Henry A. Wallace.
Clad in a dark blue suit and blue-f
gray tie, the President stood with
one hand upraised and the other on
l an ancient Roosevelt family Bible
to take the oath in what he called
"A period of supreme test."
Cannot Live Alone
"We have learned that we cannot
live alone, at peace, he said, "that
our own well being is dependent on
the well being of other nations, far
away. We have learned that we must
live as men, not as ostriches, nor as
dogs in the manger."
With Mr. Roosevelt on the portico
were members of his family, close
friends and high government asso-
ciates. During the hushed inaugu-
ral services Roosevelt grandchildren
of all ages played on the crowded
portico steps. Once Mrs. Roosevelt
came down the steps to tut-tut a
snowball-chucking youngster.
Son Is Present
As he has for each inaugural, the
President moved up to the inaugura-
tion stand on the arm of his oldest
son, James, a tall, thin Marine
Colonel and the only one of the
Roosevelt boys who could get here'
for the occasion. The President
spread his hands wide on a reading
table as he delivered his inaugural
address to the hushed assemblage.
Doorman Sighs
As Coeds Enter
Union Portal
George Johnson, who sits by the
side of the Union front door and is.
a friend to men, relaxed with a sigh
as coeds tramped through that re-
stricted entrance yesterday and real-
ized there was nothing he could do
about it.
These coeds. with and without es-
corts. were taking advantage of the
25th Union Open House yesterday.
Rouged faces overflowed the Tap
Room, and skirts swished about the
tables in the billiard room. both
places being usually reserved ex-
clusively for men.-
"There must have been at least!
2,000 students in the Union during
this afternoon, and I would say that
Open House was quite a success,"
George Darrow, Union secretary, de-
clared yesterday.
Displays of a section of a B-24
bomber, showing the wiring and
electrical installations, and various
types of lenses attracted crowds in
the main lobby.
Members of the Union try-out staffI
were stationed at various points;
throughout the building to answer,
questions about the Union and to,
give directions to students, who were'
allowed to roam the building prac-I
tically at will.

Gains Along
25 Mile Front
Stop Germans
Attack Aids Yanks
Near Strasbourg
i By The Associated Press
PARIS, Jan. 20-The French First
Army struck a powerful blow for
Alsace's liberation today with 'a new
offensive on a 25-mile front that
rolled up three-mile gains 70 miles
south of where American comrades-
in-arms battled. to save the imperil-
ed capital of Strasbourg.
The French jumped into the
mounting battle, with the fate of
Alsace and Strasbourg in the bal-
ance, after tank-led German troops
drove U. S. Seventh Army lines'
back five miles and threatened to
undermine American positions in
the northeast corner of France.
Assault in Snowstorm
The assault, rolling out under the
cover of a blinding snowstorm from
the Vosges eastward to the Rhine in
the Mulhouse area, achieved com-
plete surprise and still was pressing
forward tonight against that tough
German core known as the Colmar
pocket from which the enemy was'
menacing Strasbourg from the south.
Associated Press Correspondent
Robert C. Wilson said the French
were attacking all the way from St.
Amarin, 16 miles northwest of Mul-
house, east to the Rhine where the
French already hold an eight-mile
strip of the west bank above the
Swiss frontier.
The Germans were pouring more
and more troops and tanks across
the Rhine north of Strasbourg to
exploit the five-mile penetration of
American positions.
Tank-Led Attacks Start
Tank-led attacks broke out yes-
terday, raged through the night and
on into today. Hurdling the Zorn
Canal, the Germans fought into the
edge of Weyersheim, six miles west'
of the Rhine and nine miles north
of the Alsatian capital in the deepest
penetration from their bridgehead.4
It is here, apparently that Field
Marshal Karl Von Rundstedt has
decided to make one more supreme
effort to upset Allied plans on the
Western Front after his costly Ar-
dennes failure.
More than Alsace was at stake in
the battle. With the Russians sweep-
ing ahead in the east, another des-
perate German gamble in the west
might well decide the outcome of the
war in the coming fateful weeks.
J aneway To
Talky Tuesday
Eliot Janeway, special writer for
Life and Fortune magazines, will dis-;
cuss "New Horizons for Democracy"
at 8:30 p.m. Tuesday in Hill Audi-
torium under the auspices of the
Oratorical Association.
Janeway has appraised the coun-
try's present and post-war capacities
in the economic field supplementing
his own knowledge with interviews
with leading production heads and
union and political leaders. On re-
peated trips across the continent, he
has analyzed the nation's basic
thinking on current issues.
Formerly business editor of Time,
he has written widely for magazines
and periodicals. In addition to his
articles for Time, Life and Fortune,
Janeway has contributed to Harpers,
The Nation, New Republic, Asia, Vir-

ginia Quarterly Review, New York
Times and World-Telegram.

-A. P. Wirephoto
PRESIDENT TAKES OATH FOR FOURTH TERM--President Franklin Delano Roosevelt (second from
right) repeats the oats of office on the rear porch o f the White House with Chief Justice Harlan F.
Stone (behind flag at left) officiating.

WAR AT A GLANCE
By The Associated Press
EASTERN FRONT-Reds cross
Warta River 210 miles from Ber-
lin, capture Tilsit, drive six miles
into Silesia.
WESTERN FRONT - French
First Army gains three miles in
battle for Strasbourg, Nazis push
back Yank Seventh five miles.
AIR-More than 1,300 Ameri-
can bombers hit Rhine bridge, rail
junctions.
PACIFIC - Yanks on Luzon
smash crumbling Jap resistance on
left flank; Chinese recapture
Wanting.
Kapers Tickets
Will Be Sold
Int Stock well
A special sale of Kampus Kap-
ers tickets for women living in Stock-
well, Mosher, and Jordan residence
halls will be held during the dinner
hour outside of the Stockwell din-
ing room tomorrow.

Special Daily To Swell Fund.
For Infantile Paralysis Drive

(See PICTURE, Page Eight)'
The 1945 March of Dimes cam-
paign, conducted by the National
Foundation for Infantile Paralysis
in celebration of the President'sl
birthday, will be brought to a cli-
max on campus tomorrow, when a
special edition of the Daily will be
sold by an army of student volun-
teers.I
The proceeds of the sale will be
contributed to the Washtenaw
County chapter of the national foun-!
dation. Funds collected in the!
county will be divided equally be-f
tween the local chapter and the
national foundation with 50 percent
of all money collected remaining in
the county.
A campus goal of $3,000 has been
set, based on a dime a day con-
tribution from each student, and
boxes to facilitate the collection have
been placed in all University resi-
dences. Contribution boxes have
also been placed in all campus stores,i
theaters, and the campus branTh
bank. The collection boxes have
been manned by co-ed volunteers
under Pat Coulter, assistant women's
chairman of the drive.
Faculty members, and University
employees have been contacted by
members of the League, under Deb
Parry, women's chairman; and cam-
pus merchants by the Union tryoutI
staff, under Joe Milillo, assistant to
the general chairman, Jim Plate.
The Washtenaw County drive is
directed by Miss Virginia Schumach-
er and Mrs. Carl Rehberg. Both are
assisted by several committees.
The Dime Daily will be sold on

campus from 8 a. m. to 3:30 p. m.
tomorrow. Although the minimum
cost of the edition is only a dime, it
is hoped that students will give as
much as possible over that amount,
according to Plate.
World Traveler
Will Address
S1RM Meeting"
"Student Leadership in the Warl
and the Post-War World" will be
discussed by Dean Henry P. Van-
Dusen, world traveler and lecturer,
in an address sponsored by the Stu-
dent Religious Association to be held
at 8 p. m. tomorrow at Lydia Men-
delssohn Theatre.
As a leader in education and in
world Christianity, VanDusen has
been acquainted with Resistance
leaders in Europe and in China. His

Soviet Forces
Advance on
German Soil
Cross Warta River,
210 Miles from Berlin
By The Associated Press
LONDON, Jan. 21, Sunday-The
Red army, killing or capturing 90,000
Germans in a week of its lightning
offensive across Poland, yesterday
forced the Warta River 210 mileseast
of Berlin, and the German radio said
early today that other Soviet spear-
heads to the southwest had crossed
the embattled Silesian frontier only
200 miles from the Reich capital.
Simultaneously other Soviet forces
invading German East Prussia to a
depth of 46 miles in a 17-mile ad-
vance toppled the great stronghold
of Tilsit and reached to within 45
miles of Konigsberg, while another
army coming up from the south
reached the \ lower East Prussian
frontier on a wide front.
Cross into Prussia
Berlin said the Russians had cross-
ed into southern East Prussia on- a
37-mile front in a great pincers
movement that carried to within s5
miles of the Baltic behind Konigs-
berg and which was aimed at lopping
off that entire German province,
In eastern Slovakia the strong-
holds of Kassa, Presov, and Bardejov
fell and the Russians also seized
Nowy Sacz in southern Poland south-
east of Krakow.
Berlin indicated that the crossing
into German Silesia, the "Ruhr of
the east," was made by the Russians
in the area of Namslau, six miles
inside Silesia, 27 miles east of Bres-
lau, the provincial capital, and 20
miles southeast of Berlin.
No Mention of Crossing
Moscow did not mention a crossing
into Silesia, but said that Marshal
Ivan S. Konev's first Ukraine army
had reached the frontier or was with-
in five miles of it on a winding 65-
mile front from captured Mieleszyn,
45 miles east of Breslau, down to
occupied Lubiniec, strategic road
junction 32 miles east of the German
industrial city of Oppeln.
Konev's troops steadily wereout-
flanking the rich southeasterncorner
of Silesia, and in 15-mile advances,
had rolled to within nine miles
northeast of Dabrowa, Polish Silesian
coal center by the capture of Lazy.
The seizure of Lazy also put this
Russian spearhead within 20 miles
of the 'German frontier where are
clustered the Nazi industrial cities of
Beuthen, Hindenburg and Gleiwitz.
U.S. Attacks in
,Luzon Reported
Blows Heaviest in 12
Days, MacArthur Says
By The Associated Press
SLUZOI. Jan. 21, Sunday- Gen.
Douglas MacArthur today announc-
ed the heaviest series of staggering
blows against the Japanese in central
Luzon island since the LingayenGulf
landing 12 days ago.
The general over-all picture of the
military situation as gleaned from
the official communique and field
dispatches was (1) solidification of
the left flank and (2) consequent
resumption of the drive south toward
Manila, approximately 70 miles be-
yond columns approaching Tarlac.
Thirty-Seven Miles Received

Thirty-seven miles of the principal
north and south highway have been
secured between Sison, on the left
flank of the campaign down the cen-
tral Luzon plain, and Paniqui to the
south, the communique said.
. "This practically cuts the enemy
in two, severing his forces in north-
ern Luzon from those in southern
Luzon," the communique declared.
Enemy Resistance Crumbling
MacArthur said enemy resistance
Iwas crumbling and breaking into
disorganized groups on the left flank,
where the Japanese have shown their

Approval for the sale was granted
by the Board of Governors of Resi-
dence Halls in their meeting ten
days ago and is designed, in the
words of the committee, "for the
convenience of women living in the
major dorms."
General Sale Sundayj
At the same time the general sale
of tickets for the show which will be
held at 3:30 p. m. next Sun'day in
Hill Auditorium, is continuing at the
Union, in the League, at the USO,
and in a State-Street bookstore.
Early reports from ticket sales in
the more than 60 girls' league and
sorority houses and from the gen-
eral sale indicate campus support
for the production.
Proceeds from the show which
will feature all student talent in sev-
en acts will be divided between the
USO and the Bomber Scholarship
Fund.
Doc Fielding to 'MC'
The show, first introduced to cam-
pus last November, will feature the
music of Bill Layton and his 12
piece campus orchestra with featur-
ed singer Judy Ward.
In only the one short year he has
been on campus, Doc Fielding has
found his place as the student's fav-
orite master of ceremonies and he
will be on hand to lead the Kapers
show.

Italy Appoints
'Ambassador
ROME, Jan. 20.-(AP)-Alberto Tar-
chiani, Italy's new ambassador to
the United States, said today thatj
his first task in Washington would
be to seek modification of Italy's
armistice terms and acceptance of
Italy as a full member of the United
Nations.
The terms under which Italy made'
peace with the United Nations, he
asserted, have made solutions of the
nation's economic and political prob-
lems more difficult.

HENRY P. VAN DUSEN
. . . to speak here

address will emphasize the part play-
ed by European students toward de-
feat of the Nazis.
Trustee of SchoolsI
Recently elected president of Un-
ion Theological Seminary, VanDusen
is a trustee of several schools in-
cluding Princeton University and
Nanking Theological Seminary in
China. He is a member of the Na-
tional Council on Religion in Higher
Education.
En route to and from the Madras
Conference in India, to which Van-
Dusen was a delegate, he visited
Christian centers in many lands.
His report, "For the Healing of the
Nations," was an annual study book
for a number of religious bodies co-
operating in the Missionary Educa-
f-i n ffnvravn f.n 4- 1 Tl ~ ic'jea n . la.-

REGISTRATION STARTS TOMORROW:

320 Students Must Give Blood To Fill Quota

To fill the January quota of 320
pints of blood for the campus Blood
Bank, students are asked to register

The drive for blood, sponsored
by the Washtenaw chapter of the
Red Cross, is directed by Jean

pointed out. "Because there was no
campus Blood Bank drive last month,
there should be an even greater num-

Actual blood donations will be*
controlled by local Red Cross work-
ers with the help of a Red Cross

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