THE WC~~IG1AN DAILY
FlUtDAY, JAN. 19, 1945
i A l4
Notes of Other Inaugurations
etter to tie tor
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NIGHT EDITOR: ARTHUR J. KRAFT
Editorials published in The Michigan Daily
are written by members of The Daily staff
and represent the views of the writers only.
SENATOR Burton K. Wheeler, another of those
isolationists who claims he finally saw the
light, has a new. angle on the 'Red Menace.'
"With Great Britain, the objective of re-
storing free government to Nazi-overrun
countries is even now a secondary aim,. and
with Russia it is not an aim at all," Wheeler
"It is not our intention to subject the so-
called liberated people of Europe to Stalin's
type of democratic rules any more than we
intend to restore Hitler's tyranny," he added.
As we understand the situation, when a
nation is at war, the object is to win the
war, and if Senator Wheeler wants to prop-
agandize for a split in the Aied set-up,
post-war U. S. will welcome him with open
Wheeler continues by stating that the United
States is being kept in the dark about the
changing European situation, which is suppos-
edly dominated by England and the USSR, and
what's more important, "Europe is being forced
into Mr. Stalin's embrace whether he wants
it' or not."
At this point, Wheeler obviously has over-
looked two important points: (1) Russia in her
fight to reach the German homeland, is forc-
ed to occupy neighboring nations, and there-
fore must set up an occupation government;
(2) and, whereas England has intervened in
Italy, Belgium, and Greece without the invi-
tation of any of those peoples, Russia, has
not sponsored, a military campaign to super-
impose Communism on- nations in which she
has been compelled to fight the common
Of course, it might be said that Russia has
been much more subtle than England, in her
use of propaganda instead of armed force.
In that case Wheeler might favor a fantastic-
ally complete break between Russia and the
nations bordering the USSR. .
Probably the best course of action for the
Senator would be to make certain that there
was a dependable shot-gun in the closet,
acting as a safeguard against that impend-
ALTHOUGH over-shadowed by last week's
more spectacular developments on the West-
ern Front and in the Pacific area, Turkey's
decision to permit Allied cargo ships to pass
through the Dardanelles is of vital importance.
Since 1941 the United States and 'Britain
have had no direct warm water route to Rus-
sia. During Turkey's period of actual neutrality,
she did not allow war supplies to pass through
the Dardanelles. Consequently, most supplies
going from the United States, Canada and
Britain to European Russia have been shipped
around the Cape of Good Hope to Bander
Shapur on the Persian Gulf, and there trans-
ferred to trains and trunks for the trip across
the deserts of Iran and through the Caucasian
passes to Russian industrial centers. Other
supplies have been carried across the northerm
route to Murmansk and Archangel, but during
the winter months the route is too dangerous
to risk large amounts of ships or supplies on it.
By DREW PEARSON
WASHINGTON, Jan. 19-Presidents of the
United States have been inaugurated all
over the country, from New York where George
Washington took the first oath of office, to a
Vermont farmhouse where Calvin Coolidge was
sworn in after Harding's death. But tomorrow
will be the second time in history that a Presi-
dent has taken the oath in the White House.
Previous precedent was in 1876 when Ruther-
ford B. Hayes, Republican, ran neck and neck
with Samuel J. Tilden, Democrat. Tilden had
the larger popular vote, but Hayes finally ob-
tained a majority of one vote in the electoral
college on March 2, 1877.
Because of this late decision and the close-
ness of the vote, there were threats that
Hayes would never be permitted to take the
oath of office. Also March 4 fell upon Sun-
day. So President Grant, fearing trouble
from the fact the country might be without
a President for a few hours, invited Hayes to
dine with him at the White House on March
3. Chief Justice Waite also was a guest. Just
before dinner, Grant led his guests into the
Red Room where Hayes was secretly sworn
in as President of the United States.
Roosevelt is one of the few presidents who
has never undergone the ordeal of escorting
a President-Elect to the capitol to be sworn
in. The only other Presidents who shunned
this were the two Adamses. John Adams, the
second President, had engaged in a bitter cam-
paign with Thomas Jefferson, and on daybreak
of the inauguration, he quietly left the city.
Later his son, John Quincy Adams, did not
attend Andrew Jackson's inaugural. Finding
the day "warm and springlike," he ordered his
horse and rode off into the country. The
younger Adams was embittered by a whispering
campaign and retired a neglected ad forgot-
Harding and Wilson...
ONE OF THE most trying trips to the Capitol
for any President was that of Woodrow Wil-
son with President-Elect Warren G. Harding.
Wilson was crushed mentally and physically by
the defeat of his League of Nations. He was
partly paralyzed, but insisted on riding with
Harding to the Capitol. Harding told friends
he was embarrassed and did hot know what he
should gay during the ride up Pennsylvania
Wilson, however, broke the ice by remarking
that this was the first time the President-Elect
had discarded a team of horses to ride to the
capitol in an automobile. This led to a con-
versation about animals.
"I suppose," remarked Wilson with a smile,
"your favorite animal is the elephant."
"I told him," Harding recounted to friends
later, "that it was, but not for political reasons.
I then told him a story about a sister of mine
who lived in Siam as a missionary and had a
pet elephant. This beast had been kept by my
sister for years, in fact for most of her life.
Upon my sister's death in Siam, the elephant
would not eat and was most unhappy. This
continued for days. Finally the elephant crouch-
ed on my sister's grave, raised its trunk in the
air, trumpeted sadly, and died.
"I told this story in some detail," President
Harding told friends, "and by the time I had
finished I was relieved to see that we had
almost reached the capitol."
When George Washington was inaugurated
he had to borrow $3,000 to pay off h'is debts
and for the expense of his trip from Mt. Vernon
to New York. . . . Like Jefferson, Andrew Jack-
son tried to walk from his hotel to the Capitol.
He was swept off his feet by enthusiastic ad-
mirers who saw him walking bare-headed down
the street. . . . Jackson's inauguration was the
first ever held before the public. . . . Martin Van
Buren rode to the Capitol in a phaeton built of
wood from the U. S. Frigate Constitution. Jack-
son got up from a sick bed to ride with Van
Inaugural Cha ,..
William Henry Harrison, "Old Tippicanoe,"
caught cold at his inaugural and died one
month later. .. . When James K. Polk was
inaugurated, Samuel B. Morse set up his
magnetic telegraph on the portico of the
Capitol and flashed a running account to
the country of what happened. Polk was
one of the few who refused to run for a sec-
ond time.... If it had not been for red tape,
F. D. R.'s inauguration might have made his-
tory by being televisioned. ... Franklin Pierce
was inaugurated just a day or two after his
son had been killed in a railroad wreck.
Abraham Lincoln's second inauguration was
in a wartime atmosphere somewhat similar to
that of today. The capital was filled with
wounded. Grave fears were held for Lincoln's
life and extraordinary precautions were taken
by the police. It was a rainy day; but suddenly
as Lincoln stepped to the platform to deliver
the address which was to become an important
part of history the sun broke out. . . . When
General Ulysses S. Grant was inaugurated the
capital was filled with veterans of the Civil
War. The cheers were deafening. His little
daughter, frightened, ran to her father and
clutched his arm. Grant took her hand and
held it while he continued reading his manu-
Grover Cleveland escorted William McKin-
ley back to the White House after the inau-
guration. Latere wrote: "I was glad when
Mr. McKinley came to Washington to be
inaugurated. . . . I took a drink of rye whis-
key with him, put on my hat and walked out
a private citizen." . . . When Teddy Roosevelt
was inaugurated, Secretary of State John
Hay sent him a locket containing a lock of
Lincoln's hair, . . . William Howard Taft
was inaugurated in the worst blizzard in his-
tory. The Secret Service men had laid out
gray trousers and cutaway coats the night be-
fore, but changed them to boots the next
morning. Snow tied up transportation all
over the country... . When Wilson was sworn
in, he leaned over the railing and told the
soldiers: "Remove the ropes and let the people
come in.' The Secret Service, who suffer
agonies at every inaugural, never forgave
(Copyright, 1945, by the Bell Syndicate, Inc.)
I'D RATHER BE RIGHT:
By SAMUEL GRAFTON
NEW YORK, Jan. 18-It is monstrous that a
mood of moral despair should be descend-
ing upon some of us, just as we near the hour
Where do these dark political clouds come
from? In part they rise from unreal assump-
tions. - Some of our liberals have quite sold
themselves on the bed-time story that we enter-
ed this war in order to accomplish the moral
reform of the world; they are distressed be-
cause that initial intention is not being real-
ized to the full. But we entered the war be-
cause we were fired upon; we held out, exactly
like any other nation, until that fatal day;
we have no peculiar merit in thee premises.
We did our best to stay out; we maneuvered,
we finagled, we pleaded with Hitler, we sold
out the Spanish republic, we peddled oil and
steel to Japan; we carried on exactly like a
country which had no taste at all for a moral
crusade, which kind of country, in point of
fact, we were.
Let us swallow these home truths, and not
pretend to greater virtue than can be justified
by the chronicle.
That we awoke on a Thursday morning, robed
ourselves in white, and set out to save the
world, is, in point of fact. a lie. I do not hold
this against us; I do not take a moral attitude
against a fact, any more than I take a moral
attitude against Pike's Peak.
But we have developed international moral
ideals since the war began, and we have gained
wide popular support for them, and we have
converted a majority of the Congress to them,
and that is progress; and the plain truth is
that we are morally sounder now than we were
several years ago.
THE ISOLATIONIST Senators are carrying
on today about the Atlantic Charter, as if
it had been formally ratified by the Senate, and
as if they had voted for it; as if they had writ-
ten it, and as if Roosevelt were throwing it out.
But the Atlantic Charter was not ratified by
the Senate, and the isolationists would not have
voted for it; their first comments on it, in Aug-
ust, 1941, were sour indeed.
If a new treaty affirming international
principles were to be proposed tomorrow, these
isolationists would insist on "Constitutional
process," on a ratification by a two-thirds
Senate vote, etc.; they would be sticklers for
every detail of formal legality.
But they kind of blink the eye at these for-
malities in the case of the Atlantic Charter,
they are not nearly so Constitutional in refer-
ring to that particular document. They sort
of pretend that the Atlantic Charter is a rati-
fied treaty. They have to do this, in order to
prove that we have in some way degenrated
during the last three years. They must do this,
to advance their preposterous thesis that we
are in some way entitled to darkest gloom as
the day of victory comes closer.
Their song is that we have somehow failed,
that we have become morally worse than we
were three and one-half years ago. But it is
Not much more than three years ago, there
were men among us (Senator Wheeler, for
example, in the New York Times of October
19, 1941) who used to tell us that even the
coxnuest of Britain and Russia by Hitler
would not constitute an "emergency" for Am-
erica; today the same men find that the only
way they can get an audience is to weep over
the fate of a portion of Poland, of dubious
original ownership and shadowy title. And
that, too, is progress; progress obscurely show-
ig its face.
We did not start with a set of ideals, firmly
shared by the national majority; we have picked
our' ideals up as we have gone along, and the
prospects for genuine liberation of most of the
area of Europe are so much better at this minute
than they were in the dark summer of 1941
when the Atlantic Charter was written that
comparison is impossible; the Charter was nev-
er closer to practical fulfillment than it is now.
To paraphrase a famous Broadway theatre
joke, the situation is that at disunited world
has found a measure of practical unity, and is
beating Hitler to his knees, and is learning to
work together, and the problem is how did
we poor devils get into that fix?
(Copyright, 1945, New York Post Syndicate)
Acquaintance Bureau .. .
HIS LETTER is primarily intend-
ed to correct a few misunder-
standings and to allay a few mis-
apprehensions concerning the so-
called "Date Bureau."
First, the Bureau is not a "Date
Bureau" but an Acquaintance Bur-
eau. Second, it is not intended pri-
marily or even secondarily for new
students on campus. It is hoped that
all students will participate in this
all-campus effort to solidify the stu-
dent body into an organized group of
activity-conscious students, some-
what similar to the condition which
prevailed before the war, and which
has no excuse for not existing now.
Somehow, all ambitious schemes
for reorganization on campus have
been put off with the mundane
excuse, "Don't you know that there
is a war going on?" Of course we
all know about the war, but must
we continue indefinitely, using it
as an excuse for laziness.
The Bureau is intended to make
new acquaintances for all students,
and to renew an interest in campus
affairs among the students. To ac-
complish thiststudents will be asked
to register at the Union or the
League. General questions will be
asked to aid the committee in charge
to arrange informal meetings for1
persons of the type requested by both
parties. No personal questions will
Special considerations will be made
for any students submitting a new
and more suitable name for the Bur-
eau. Saturday afternoon record dan-
ces will be resumed and special pro-
grams will be arranged to make these
occasions of interest to all.
Students will be advised to avail
themselves of this inexpensive me-
dium for meeting their new found
We all recognize that this campus
has been lethargic more than some-
what; now, to prevent rigor mortis
from setting in completely, this ac-
tivity is being offered. Cooperation
is a small price to pay for the benefits
Other campuses have not been
rendered completely unconscious by
the war. Why the great University
of Michigan? If we are ever to re-
cover, we must acst now before the
post-war return of students!
We can and we will produce the
goods-all we ask is student inter
est so come out and register, show
us that you are still alive, and
.you'll find that college life can be
made something to remember.
-Ken Bissell, Chairman
Art Through Suffering,...
A NUMBER of illogical statements
have appeared in The Daily re-
cently concerning poverty and its
relation to the artist; the latest is
that attributed to Vladimir Horo-
witz. Mr. Horowitz is said to have
stated that suffering is necessary not
oily for creation but also for inter-
pretation and cited himself as an
example since he himself was born
To begin with, one can challenge
the statement that most great
artists have been poor; among the
living artists, for example, one can
name at least one who came from
the ordinary middle class or from
a background of wealth for every
one that can be said to have come
from a background of poverty.
Secondly, even if we assume that
more artists come from poor fam-
ilies than from rich it is sheer
nonsense to argue from that that
poverty produces the artist.
It is a simple economic truth that
taking the world as a whole there are
more families that one would label
poor than there are rich. It is also
true at the same time that talent
makes no distinction between rich
and poor. One would reasonably ex-
pect that the number of talented
people among the poor would exist in
the same proportion as among the,
rich, and since there are more poor
families than rich, it is natural that
there would be more artists coming
from the poor than from the rich.
The truth probably is that propor-
tionately fewer artists come from
poor families than one should expect
because the talented poor cannot
afford to develop their talents.
Although psychologists agree that
a limited amount of blockage or
frustration is a factor in developing
personality, it does not by any means
follow that extreme frustration has
any beneficial effect on talent. If
anything, it probably causes insta-
bility and personal disorganization
which are certainly not conducive to
the development of a real artist.
Those who argue that suffering
is necessary for the artist are con-
fusing suffering with experience;
the creative artist certainly needs
a store of experience to gain under-
standing but there is no reason
why that experience has to consist
of dire poverty and pain.
DAILY OFFICIAL BULLETIN
FRIDAY, JAN. 19, 1945
VOL. LV, No. 62
Publication in the Daily Official Bul-
letin is constructive notice to allnmem-
bers of the University. Notices for the
Bulletin should be sent in typewritten
form to the Assistant to the President,
1021 Angell Hall, by 3:30 p. m. of the day
preceding publication (11:30 a. m. Sat-
College of Literature, Science, and
the Arts, College of Pharmacy, School
of Business Administration, School of
Education, School of Forestry and
Conservation, School of Music.
School of Public Health; Fall Term.
Schedule of Examinations, Feb. 17 to
Feb. 24, 1945.
Note: For courses having both lec-
tures and quizzes, the time of exer-
cise is the time of the first lecture
period of the week; for courses hav-
ing quizzes only, the time of exercise
is the time of the first quiz period.
Certain courses will be examined at
special periods as noted below the
regular schedule. To avoid misun-
derstandings and errors, each stu-
dent should receive notification from
his instructor of the time and place
of his examination. Instructors in
the College of LS&A are not permit-
ted to change the time of examina-
tion without the approval of the
Time of Exercise Time of Exam
Mon. at 8-Thu., Feb. 22, 10:30-12:30
Mon. at 9-Sat., Feb. 17, 10:30-12:30
Mon. at 10-Fri., Feb. 23, 8:00-10:00
M. at 11-Tues., Feb. 20, 8:00-10:00
Mon. at 1-Wed., Feb. 21, 2100-4:00
Mon. at 2 -Mon., Feb. 19, 8:00-10:00
Mon. at 3-Thu., Feb. 22, 8:00-10:00
T. at 8-Fri., Feb. 23, 10:30-12:30,
Tu. at 9---Wed., Feb. 21, 10:30-i2:30
Tu, at 10--Tues., Feb. 20, 10:30-12:30
Tu. at 11-Mon., Feb. 19, 2:00-4:00
Tu. at 1-Sat. Feb. 17, 2:00-4:00
Tu. at 2-Thu., Feb. 22, 2:00-4:001
Tu. at 3-Tues., Feb. 20, 2:00-4:00
Conflicts, Special-Sat., Feb. 24, 8-10,
Special Periods, College of Litera-
ture, Science, and the Arts:
Time of Examination
Speech 31, 32; French 1, 2, 11, 31,
32, 61, 62, 91, 92, 93, 153--Mon., Feb.
Chemistry 55-Mon., Feb. 19, 8:00-
English 1, 2; Economics 51, 52, 53,I
54-Tues., Feb. 20, 2-00-4:00.I
Botany 1; Zoology 1; Psychology
31-Wed., Feb. 21, 8:00-10:00.
Sociology 51, 54-Thu., Feb. 22,
Spanish 1, 2, 31, 32; German 1, 2,
31, 32-Fri., Feb. 23, 2:00-4:00.
.Political Science 1, 2-Sat., Feb. 17,
School of Business Administration:
Courses not covered by this schedule
as well as any necessary changes will
be indicated on the School bulletin
School of Forestry: Courses notj
covered by this schedule as well as
any necessary changes will be indi-
cated on the School bulletin board.
School of Music: Individual In-
struction in Applied Music. Indi-
vidual examinations by appointment
.ill be given for all applied music
courses (individual instruction) elec-
ted for credit in any unit of the
University. For time and place of
examinations, see bulletin board at
the School of Music.
School of Public Health: Courses
not covered by this schedule as well
as any necessary changes- will be
indicated on the School bulletin
To Members of the Faculty, College
of Literature, Sciehce and the Arts:
There will be a special meeting of the
Faculty of the College of Literature.
Science, and the Arts at 4:10 p.m. on
Monday, Jan. 22, in Rm. 1025 Angell
Hall, to continue the discussion of
the Combined Rieport of the Curricu-
lum Committee and the Committee
on Concentration and Group Re-
quirements. A large attendance is
The Budapest String Quartet, made
up of Josef Roismann and Edgar
Ortenberg, violinists; Boris Kroyt,
viola and Mischa Schneider, violon-
cello, will give three concerts in the
Fifth Annual Chamber Music Festi-
val, tonight at 8:30, and Saturday at
2:30 and 8:30, in the main Lecture
Hall of the Rackham Building.
The programs will be as follows:
This evening: Quartet in D ma-
jor, K. 499-Mozart; Quartet, Bar-
ber; Quartet in C-sharp minor-
Saturday afternoon: Quartet No.
2, Op. 18--Beethoven; Quartet No. 7,
Op. 96-Krenek; Quartet. in A minor,
Saturday evening: Quartet No. 3,
G minor-Haydn; Quartet in E-flat
major-Hindemith; Quartet No. 3,
Tickets may be procured at the
offices of the University Musical So-
ciety in Burton Memorial Tower
daily; and in the lobby of the Rack-
ham Building preceding each con-
All Students, Registration for Spring=
Term: Each student should plan te x iiin
register for himself according to the Exhibition, College of Architecture
alphabetical schedules for March 1 and Design: Twenty Lithographs, by
and 2. Registrations by proxy will prominent artists, loanedthrough
not be accepted. the Museum of Modern Art, New
Registration Material, College of York City. Ground floor corridor,
L. S. & A., Schools of Ed- Architecture Building. Open daily
ucation, Music, Public Health: 9 to 5, except Sunday, through Jan.
Students should call for spring 29. The public is invited.
term registration material at Rm.
4, "UniversityHall beginning Jan.
22. Please see your advisor and Events 7 oday
secure all necessary signatures be-47
fore examinations begin. Geological Journal Club meets in
Registration Material, College ofI R-m. 4065, Nat. Sci. Bldg. at 12:15
Architecture: Students shouvd call p.m. Program: Davies, Kellum and
for spring term material at Rm. 4, Swinney, "Geological Explorations in
University Hall beginning Jan. 22. the Wide Bay Area, Alaska." All
The College of Architecture will post interested are cordially invited to
an announcement in the near future attend.
giving time of conferences with your -
classifier. Please wait for this notice SRA Poster Club: Refreshments
before seeing your classifier. will be served at the meeting at 3:30
Registration Material, School of in the Lane Hall basement. Posters
Forestry and Conservation: Registra- -will be made for Beethovens Ninth
tion material should be called for Symphony. All interested in artistic
beginning Jan. 22 at Rm. 2048, Nat- expression invited. No talent re-
ural Science Building. quired.
Robert L. Williams- -
Assistant Registrar Sabbath Eve Services will be held
Important Notice in re Rationing
of Certain Materials for Research:
Stricter rules and regulations govern-l
ing the rationing of "Processed1
Foods, Meats, and Sugar" have now
gone into -effect. This applies to all;
laboratories and departments manu-
facturing or carrying on research
work, and to the' feeding of animals
for research which use rationed items.
In order that the University may be
properly registered with the Local
Ration Board, it is requested that
you report to Mr. W. W. Buss, Rm.
B124; University Hospital, by Jan. 22
the quantities of rationed foods you
anticipate using from Jan. 1, 1945a
through Dec. 31, 1945.
at Hillel Foundation this evening at
7:45. Following services at 8:30 p.m.
there xvili be a Fireside Discussion
led by Professor Joe Lee Davis, of
the English Department, on "The
Shape of Books To Come." Refresh-
ments and a social hour will follow
the discussion. The public is invited.
Wesley Foundation: Weather per-
mitting, a group will leave the church
for a sleigh ride at 9 o'clock. Reser-
vations are necessary. Call 6881 to
reserve a place.
Corning Ever Is
The AngelliHall Observatory will
be open to visitors to observe the
Uy Crockett Johnson
I. er. clidn f mention the
The points are granted by quar- Moon from 8 to 10 p.m., Saturday,
t.Przv nrnrc of t+hr.Pcmnths PA,+i-,c 1 t'.h 9ti f l h 4 kv i4, n1Pav . Stir1~nts