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January 07, 1945 - Image 1

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Publication:
The Michigan Daily, 1945-01-07

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WEATHER
Snow and Rising
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VOL. LV, No. 52

ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, SUNDAY, JAN. 7, 1944

PRICE FIVE

ommormMomm"im

DR Demands Complete

Manpower Cal

'M' Is Defeated by
Great Lakes, 44-40
Maize and Blue Run Into Unexpected
Opposition; Kessler Loses to Mondro
By HANK KEISER
A powerful Great Lakes squad defeated the Maize and Blue tankmen
for the third time in two years by gaining a total of five first, five second,
and three third place berths to amass 44 points to the Wolverines' 40.
Big Ten champ Heini Kessler, lost his breaststroke event to Ray
Mondro, Navy speedster. The two natators were neck and neck until
the last lap when Mondro kicked out with a burst of speed and surged
ahead of the Wolverine star. Mondro, an alumnus of Wayne University,
exhibited excellent style and endurance and it is evident that this young
natator will be a leading contestant for national honors.
yWolverines Start Strongly

Expansion of
Alaska Fishing,
Industry Seen
Full-Time Post-War
Employment Offered
Predicting expansion in Alaskan
industry, and fishing during the post-
war era, Prof. Dow V. Baxter of
the Forestry school yesterday said,
"Alaska will offer great opportunity
to people who want to become per-
manent residents of that nation."
"Alaska needs full-time workers
willing to devote their lives to the
betterment of the country," he said.
Research Workers
Prof. Baxter, recently returned
from extensive forestry research in
Alaska, has been swamped with let-
ters about job opportunities in that
little-developed land.
"Although much of Alaska is un-
inhabitable. and- the Indians are
claiming vast tracts of land, there is
still plenty of good land available,"
he indicated.
Requirements Listed
"In general, the main requirement
for obtaining Alaskan land is that
the applicant be 21 years old or the
head of his family," Prof. Baxter
pointed out. "In addition he must
be a U. S. citizen."
If a homestead is desired, appli-
cants should take the following
steps: (1) File land application with
the governmept, (2) Homesteaders
must settle on the land and build a
habitable house, (3) At least one-six-*
teenth of the land must be cultivat-
ed in the second year after entry, and
at least one-eighth of the land each
year thereafter until the final sub-
mission of proof that you have lived
on the land 7 months out of every
year for three years; this to be ex-
clusion of residence elsewhere.
Omitting the cost of building the
house, there is no cost for home-
steading, Prof. Baxter said.
Past Precedent
Although no legislation regarding
War II veterans settling in U. S. ter-
ritories has been enacted servicemen
in the forces for 90 days or more
have been given special homestead-
ing privileges at the conclusion of
past wars he explained.
"It is probable that veterans will
receive the same or similar settling
privileges at the cessation of present
hostilities," he added.
Prof. Baxter To Talk j
At International Cente
Prof. Dow Baxter of the School of
Forestry and Conservation will ac-
company his lecture, "On and Off
Alaskan Trails, at the International
Center's program at 7:30 p. m. today,
by slides taken during his travels in
Alaska.
Prof. Baxter, a noted forest path-
ologist, has spent ten field seasons in
the Yukon, the lower MacKenzie
country and Alaska proper.
CAMPUS EVENTS
Today Members of School of
Music faculty present all-
Brahms recital at 8:30
p. m. in Lydia Mendel-
ssohn Theatre.
Today MYDA party for veter-
ans and servicemen, 7-
10 p. m. at WAB.

Michigan drew first blood by cap-
turning the 300-yard medley relay in
the time of 3:03.6. Captain Mert
Church, Wolverine anchor man,
picked up ten yards in his 100-yard
leg to snatch victory from the hands
of the leading Great Lakes crew.,
Chuck Fries took the 50-yard free
style event for the Maize and Blue
in :24.2 seconds. He was trailed by
Bluejacket Sid Craiger, a former Uni-
versity of Iowa student, and third
place was clinched by Michigan's
Don :Bridges.
Pylkas Takes 220
Achilles Pulakus, Navy long dis-
tance free styler and a member of
See SWIMMERS, Page 7
Survey Findings
Report Interests
Of U' Students
Survey findings of the avocational

Jap Radio
Hints U.S.
Invasion
Possible Landings
On Luzon Reported
By RAY CRONIN
Associated Press War Editor
War events of great import in the
far west Pacific, possibly an Ameri-
can invasion of strategic Luzonj
Island in the Philippines, appearedI
to be shaping up today.
Jittery Tokyo reported by radio
that three American convoys were on
the move in Philippines waters and
added "The Americans mays have
landed on Luzon."
Fais Island Invaded
In a late Saturday communique
from Pearl Harbor Adm. Chester W
Nimitz said American invasion for-
ces landed on Fais Island, in the
Western Carolines 170 miles east of
Yap.
The Admiral reported the shelling
of Iwo Jima, in the Volcanoes 750
miles south of Tokyo. The Navy
threw its big guns against that Japa-'
nese base along the B-29 path to
Nippon's Capital from Saipan. Ear-
lier fleet headquarters told of the
shelling of Haha and Chichi Jima.
in the Bonins.
111 Planes Shot Down
Nimitz revised his box score on
Japanese losses in the two-day car-
rier plane hit against Formosa and
Okinawa in the Ryukyus. He said
111 planes were shot down and 220
damaged while 25 ships were sunk
and 58 damaged.
In his communique today Gen.
Douglas MacArthur made no men-
tion of Philippines convoy operations.
He said Yank fighters and bombers:
continued their attacks on southern
Luzon.
interest and wae-earnin expert OterAmrian flerhavl

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GERMANS DRIVE TOWARD SAVERNE-Arrows from German sym-
bol at lower right indicate full scale offensive by enemy which has
penetrated American lines into France to a depth of 15 miles. Third
Army troops withdrew in the Michamps Area (arrow from German
symbol). Yanks and British gained west and south, north of German,
salient in Luxembourg and Belgium.
Nazis Hold Initiative in Lowert
Vosges Area, Germans Report

By The Associated Press
LONDON, Jan. 6.-The German
High Command declared tonight
Nazi troops were holding the initia-
tive in the new winter offensive in
the low Vosges area of France and
said that crossings of the Rhine be-
tween Strasbourg and Hagenau had
placed Allied forces in a precarious
position.
Battle Still Undecided
A DNB military commentator, Max
Krull, said the battle of the bulge to

Asks Congress
To Draft Nurses
Annual Message Conmmits U.S. to
Atlantic Charter, a 'People's Peace'
By The Associated Press
WASHINGTON, Jan. 6-President Roosevelt called on Congress toda
to draft manpower for a speedier victory, and on the United Nations to pt
that victory and a real peace ahead of differences over detail.
With such a rededication to the main issues. Mr. Roosevelt asserte
in his annual message to Congress.
"This new year of 1945 can be the greatest year of achievement
in human history.
"1945 can see -the final ending of the Nazi-Fascist reign of terror 1
Europe.
"1945 can sde the closing in of the forces of retribution about th
center of the malignant power of imperialistic Japan.
"Most important of all-1945 can see 'the substantial beginning

interests and wage-earning experi- Other American fliers heavily j
ences of undergraduate students in bombed by-passed Japanese positions
Education have been compiled and in the far southwest Pacific. They
recorded by Prof. Fred S. Dunham hit airdromes and supply areas on'
of the Latin department, it was Halmahera. Ceram, Celebes. Bis-
learned in an interview. marck and the Solomons with 262e
A questionnaire, compiled by J.B. tons of bombs.t
Edmonson, Dean of the School of Box Score Giveni
Education. and the Undergraduate Meanwhile Adm. Chester W. Nim-X
Committee of the School of Educa- itz gave this box score on the two-.
tion, was filled out by 150 under- day carrier plane hits against For-
graduates enrolled in the School of mosa and the Ryukyu Islands ear-t
Education. lier this week:
Deep Avocational Interests 111 Japanese planes destroyed and c
Results of the questionnaire showed 220 damaged; ?5 ships sunk or dam-s
that the smaller number of activities aged.
engaged in by college students as Simultaneously the Admiral saidv
compared with the great variety of another Yank task force shelled thea
participation in high school may be major Japanese bases on Haha and;
indicative of a deepening interest in Chichi Jima in the Bonins.
a few meaningful avocational inter-
ests. B
The exact data resulting in this IBra ms Recial
conclusion was that the total number
of activities sponsored by the high Set for Toni ht
school and engaged in by the 1501
undergraduate students prior to en-t
rollment in college was 1.535; while Featuring an all-Brahms program,
the total number of activities en- four members of the School of Mu-s
gaged in outside of high school prior sic faculty will present the first inl
to enrollment in college was 1;310. a series of recitals for the new year{
The total number of activities en- at 8:30 p. m. today in Lydia Men-
gaged in by the 150 students at the delssohn Theatre.C
University of Michigan was 978. Profs. Wassily Besekirsky and Jo-t
Need Athletic Diversion seph Brinkman will open the pro-
The survey also showed a demand gram with the familiar "Sonata for!
on the part of a considerable dum- IViola and Piano, Op. 120, No. 1," to
h er of students for clubs, such as be frmansonby theprese thur Hac
high grade recorded music, discus- ett, tenor. Prof. Hackett's selections
sion groups, choral singing, corn- will include "Sonntag," "An die Nach-
mittee activities, social welfare, and tigall," "Auf dem Kirchhofe, "0
religious groups which is especiallywtig ch , oAuf dem K erchh rc,"
significant because it appears to ,Botschft"ch dh'd rWag zurck"
indicate that their need for aesthetic Mrs. Maud Okkelberg, pianist will
and intellectual diversion is not fully complete the program with the per-
met by most campus organizations. formance of Brahms' "Fantasies, Op.
Students placed a high value upon I116," which includes several capric-
their extra-curricular and their work cios and intermezzos. ,
See FINDINGS, Page 3 The recital is open to the public. +

Wo men Needed
In Dentistry'
Generation Required
To Recoup War Loss
It will take a generation of dental
education to provide anything like
the number of practitioners neededj
in the profession and women can
play a large part in this develop-
ment. Russell W. Bunting, Dean of
the School of Education, said yes-
terday in an interview.
Contrary to rumors that have been
circulating widely, Dean Bunting
said, women are welcomed in the
profession and not discouraged. "We-
will be glad to see anyone who is at
all interested in entering this school,"
he stated.
Dentistry will probably be the least
well manned of any profession after
the war, and women, he pointed out,
should take advantage of this op-
portunity to enter a field which is
opened for advancement.
Women can study for general prac-
tice, he asserted, and do not neces-
sarily have to extract teeth or make
plates. Fields which are open for
development, Dean Bunting said, and
would make good practice for women
are orthodontistry, dentistry for
children, treatment of mouth infec-
tion and infermation of gums, prac-
tice of preventive dentistry, dental
hygiene, and research and teaching.
"At present," he pointed out, "we
have only three women in a school
of more than 200 men, one being a
senior and the other two freshmen."
Film Supplies Are Cut
WASHINGTON. Jan. 6.- (A)-
Amateur camera fans, movie stu-
dios and professional photographers
will get "drastically smaller" sup-
plies of film in 1945, the War Pro-
duction Board announced today.

the north was still undecided. HeE
added that "operations here and on<
the Saar front are closely connected
insofar as they create a precarious
situation for the Americans, who
must withdraw troops from one inj
favor of the other and vice versa."
The Berlin radio acknowledged
Nazi reverses in the bulge battle
where Field Marshal Sir Bernard L.
Montgomery's combined forces haves
driven two armored wedges into Ger-
man lines, but claimed that Lt.-Gen.
George S. Patton's men were knocked
back in an area above Bastogne.
In admitting that two breaches
had been pounded into the north
flank of the bulge, the Berlin radio
declared fierce fighting was in prog-
ress at key spots along the entire
Western Front.
Attacks Repulsed
DNB said that American attacks
on the southern flank of the bulge
were repulsed, but that much stiffer;
resistance by the U.S. Seventh Army
was encountered in the Saar region
to the south.
Nazi military commentator Ludwig
Sertorious said the Allies "have now
engaged two-thirds of their forces in
the area between the Meuse and
Moselle Rivers." The German broad-
caster declared the battle in Belgium
and Luxembourg now is nearing its
climax.
Paul John Gets
Top V-Ball Post
Council Announces
All Committee Heads
Paul John, '46, chairman of the
social committee of the Union, was
appointed as chairman of the V-Ball
committee yesterday by the Men's
Judiciary Council.
Other committee appointments
have placed Bill McConnell, NROTC,
of the Engine School, in charge of
decorations, Norma Johnson and
Alene Loeser, College of L.S.andA.,
in charge of tickets and finances,
Dave Loewenberg, L. S. and A., in
charge of publicity, John Sorice, En-
gine School, in charge of the floor
committee, Morton Scholnick, BAd.,
and Dick Mixer, Engine School, in
charge of the band committee and
Jean Wick, Architecture School, and
Doris Heidgen, L.S.andA., in charge
of programs and patrons.

the organization of world peace. . . .
the sacrifices that have been made."
Broadcasts Same Message
The President carried the same. ap-
peal to the people tonight in a nation-
wide broadcast.
Except for seven paragraphs of new
language at the end, the radio speech,
was a virtual verbatim summary of
the message to Congress, with bridg-
ing language to cover portions delet-
ed. It followed the same general plan
as the longer version, with emphasis
on foreign affairs.
The theme in that field:
"We need the continuing friend -
ship of our Allies in this war. Indeed,
that need is a matter of life and
death. And we shall need that friend-
ship in the peace."
The President on the radio quoted
an editorial in the American soldiers'
newspaper Stars and Stripes, which
said:
"For the holy love of God let's
listen to the dead. Let's learn from
the living. Let's join ranks against
the foe. The bugles of battle are
heard above the bickering."
Mr. Roosevelt then declared:
"That is the demand of our fight-
ing men. We can not fail to heed it."
One of his new paragraphs came
after a repetition of the message say-
ing provision must be made for close
to 60,000,000 jobs.
Nation Must Plan Now.
This was a reminder that while the
nation must plan now for its post-
war economy and set up reconversion
agencies "it is obviously impossible
for us to do anything which might
possibly hinder the production for
war at this time, when our men are
fighting on the frontiers of Germany
and dropping bombs on the war in-
dustries of Japan."
The Allies now have the for-
mula for victory and peace, the
President told the 79th Congress
in an 8,000-word message, and in-
tend to achieve it regardless of any
differences now over details.
To do it however, the President as-
serted, .the American people must
amass a great, final effort. He pro-
posed:
1-National Service Legislation
under which everyone could be re-
quired to do useful work or fight for
his country.
2-Immediate action by Congress
to guarantee that every person re-
jected for military service is utilized
in the war effort in some way-the
nation's 4,000,000 4Fs.
3-Compulsory draft of nurses for
the armed forces which need 20,000
more now.
The President for the first time
committed this nation to an active
role in European politics, promising
the use of its influence to back up the
principles of the Atlantic Charter,
for the achievement of a "People's
Peace."

It must be the justification of aT
WAR AT A GLANCE
WESTERN FRONT: American
troops smash against northern
flank of Germans' Belgian bulge.
]PACIFIC FRONT: 331 JaP
planes and 85 ships in carrier
plane assaults on Formosa, naval
bombardments extending to with-
in 615 miles of Tokyo and a land-
ing on a new island in Carlines
reported by Navy.
RUSSIAN FRONT: Reds report-.
ed repulsing German counterat-
tacks in Budapest battle.
Fund Planned
To Aid Women
In Med School
Former 'U' Student
Honored by Memorial
A campaign' to raise funds for a
memorial to Florice Holmes, Negro
medical student who lost her life I
an unsuccessful attempt to rese
her drowning companion last spring,
was announced yesterday by Miss
Alice Lloyd, Dean of Women.
The memorial is to be a loan fund
available in cases of need to all
women students registered in the
School of Medicine.
Event Happened in June
Miss Holmes, a sophomore in the
medical school and a graduate of
North Carolina College, Durham, N.
C., was drowned June 25, 1944 in a
canoe accident on the Huron River.
The canoe capsized and Miss Holmes
swam toward shore. Seeing that her
companion, Langston Jones, also a
University student, was unable to
swim, she turned back to rescue him.
Both were drowned.
"She was an excellent student and
a fine campus citizen," Miss Lloyd
declared. "I believe that the estab-
lishment of this fund in her honor
will not only be a great service to
the medical school, but will also pro-
mote better race relations in a truly
desirable way."
Contributions Already Received
Contributions from her parents,
Dr. and Mrs. Charles Holmes of Dur-
ham, N. C., and from a number of
individual students have already been
received.
Cash donations and checks made
out to the University of Michigan and
designated for this fund may be sent
to Miss Ethel A. McCormick, social
director of the League.
Prof. del Toro
Takes Office
Prof. Julio del Toro of the Uni-
versity's Romance Language depart-
ment has been elected vice-president
of the National Federation of Mod-
ern Language Teachers Associations,
it was revealed yesterday.
Prof. del Toro. who was a member
ofteorganization's general council
for the past six years, became a pro-
fessor in the University's departmen'
of Romance Languages in 1921. H
received an M.A. degree in Romance
Languages at the University.
MYDA Party Will
Be Presented Today

POST-WAR FUTURE FOR MEDICINE:
University Deans Advocate National Health Program

By LIZ KNAPP
"A great deal is to be said in favor
of the new Senate subcommittee rec-
ommendation for a vast national
health program," Albert C. Fursten-
berg, Dean of the Medical School
said yesterday in an interview.

country. The proposal of the senate psychiatry in this country for there
subcommittee that full-time public are not many training centers," he
health departments in all communi- stated. A tremendous fund of know-
ties be established with fully equip- ledge, he concluded, can be derived
ped hospital centers spread out in from the preservation of Selective
areas where they have been lacking Service medical records for future
hanr it ~r~+ l +o hi r1.nmmandad.I stdv.

lack them, he stated, plans now be-
ing enacted in Michigan would be
affected.
Communities Would Profit
"Every community," he said, "needs
some of the benefits recognized in
the pronosal that full-time publicj

interviewed on the issue. "There is a
great shortage in this profession now
and one is to be expected after the
war," he stated.
Scholarships Needs
Only through scholarships or loans
suggested in the report to assist

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