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December 19, 1944 - Image 1

Resource type:
The Michigan Daily, 1944-12-19

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Ciwudy with a Few Snow
fi r im .warm~er



Nazi Drive



Miles into Bei




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Planes Over

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Get 48 More
At Mindoro
In One Week
Japanese Put Up
Weak Resistance
By The Associated Press
QUARTERS, Philippines, Tuesday,
Dec. 19--A total of 740 Japanese
warplanes have been destroyed or
damaged in the Philippines during
the last week's stepped up operations
headquarters announced today.
Forty-eight more enemy planes
were destroyed in the Mindoro area
by navy fighter ships and anti-air-
77th Advances
The 77th Division on Leyte Island
has advanced to a Japanese held air-
drome west of Valenica, Gen. Douglas
MacArthur's communique reported,
and is pushing northward along the
main highway in the Ormoc corridor.
The Japanese, who offered scant
resistance to the Yankee landing on
Mindoro island are still putting up
no opposition.
The Seventh American Division
has completed annihilation of the
Japanese 26th Division on Leyte.
A total of 905 enemy dead were
counted in a single day, the commu-
nique said.
Vital Puerto Princesa airdrome on
Palawan was hammered. by 122 tons
of explosives.
Commanding ground six miles be-
yond San Jose had been seized, said
Monday's communique, and con-
struction -of airdrome sites was -be-
ing pushed. The Yank defense arc
around the beachhead extended in-
land 11 miles at its greatest depth.
That would place forward positions
in the southwestern foothills of the
lofty mountain range running the
length of Mindoro.
On Leyte, the 77th Infantry Divi-
sion made a wide left end run to the
west of the Ormoc Corridor high-
way, advancing seven miles north to
outflank the Yamashita Line. From
positions two miles below Valencia,
it battled for that headquarters of
Gen. Sosaki Suzuki, top-rinking Jap-
anese commander on the island.
North of Valencia, the U. S. First
Cavalry Division advanced two miles
in applying pressure. from the upper
end of the corridor. This gain cut
the Yamashita Line between Valen-
cia and Mt. Catabaran, which is
about 10 miles above Valencia.
28 Ships Sunk
At Luzon Base
QUARTERS, Pearl Harbor, Dec. 18-
MP-Three days of sustained naval
aerial assault on Luzon Island in the
Philippines has cost the Japanese at
least 28 ships sunk, 66 others dam-
aged and 462 planes destroyed or
Adm. Chester W. Nimitz, announc-
ing this in a communique today, told
of widespread destruction of Japa-
nese facilities in the key Philippines
Island as he gave complete reports
for the strikes of Dec. 13 and 14 and
a preliminary account for Dec. 15.
His announcement on Saturday
said three Japanese ships were sunk
and 15 damaged in attacks carried
out by carrier based aircraft in and
around Luzon Dec. 13.
Today's communique listed these
ships sunk during the three-day per-
iod in operations supporting the in-
vasion of Mindoro Island:

One large transport; three medium
oilers; ten cargo ships; two landing
vessels; 12 smaller vessels.
Today Dr. Mariano Fiallos
speaks on Nicaraguan
Culture at 8 p. m. in Kel-
logg Auditorium.
Dec. 20 Veterans Organization
meets at 7 p. m. in Un-

Large B-29
Forna tions
Hit Nagoya
pan, Dec. 18-('-(Via Navy Radio)
The first B-29 formations attacking
Nagoya this afternoon found the city
completely obscured by overcast, but
they dropped their bombs by preci-
sion instruments through the clouds.
The raiders kept going over until
mid-afternoon, however, and the last
two formations found the clouds dis-
sipated sufficiently to enable them
to drop their explosives visually.
Crews returning tonight reported a
considerable number of fighters, par-
ticularly against the later units, but
comparatively few showed any ag-
For two hours the big planes from
'Saipan ranged over the important
war industry city in the heart of the
Japanese mainland on Honshu
Island, duplicating in numerical
strength the devastating raid they
made on that same target December
Hankow Blasted
(At the same time Superforts of
the 20th Bomber Command, strik-
ing from an Asiatic base, blasted
docks and storage facilities at Han-
kow, Japanese-occupied Chinese city
on the Yangtze River, with "good"
results, the War Department said.
The circumstances indicated there
were upwards of 100 B-29's in the
raid.' All retur'ied to their base.
They probably shot down five Japa-
nese fighters and damaged seven
(Possibly 200 of the giant planes
participated in these operations. The
Japanese said there were 70 in the
Nagoya raid and admitted they had
done damage, including the starting
of fires which required "resolute ef-
forts" by air raid defense workers be-
fore they were put out.)
Large Fires Started
(A late War Department commu-
nique in Washington said the Super-
forts started "large fires at the Mit-
ubishi Aircraft Plant" in the Na-
goya raid. The crews were reported
as observing "heavy explosions" in
the plant. Only "slight" aerial inter-
ception and "moderate" antiaircraft
fire were encountered and all planes
Sinoers WoreKI
On Christmas
Party Songs
Members of the Women's Glee
Club and the Navy Chorus rehearsed
yesterday for their performance. at
the all-campus Christmas Party to
be held at 8 p.m. Thursday in Hill
The Glee Club, directed by Miss
Marguerite Hood, of the School of
Music, will present several special
selections and will join with the Navy
Choir in leading all party guests in
mass singing of favorite Christmas
carols and Michigan songs.
Jean Gilman, president, announced
that "A Joyous Christmas Song" by
Gehaert, "Shepherd Christmas Song"
"Three Kings Have Journeyed" by
Peter Cornelius will be included
among the special Glee Club selec-
The Navy Choir, directed by Prof.
Leonard Meretta, also of the School
of Music, will feature Eugene Malitz,
A-S USNR, as soloist and Eric Beu,

A-S USNR, as accompanist. The
Choir will sing several light classical
Members of the Union Council,
sponsors of the party, announced
yesterday that plans for the affair
are now near completion.
President Alexander G. Ruthven
will be present to wish all guests a
merry Christmas. -All members of
the fact m have been issued snecial

U.S. Planes
Hit German
Rail Depots
Lancasters Strike
At Gdynia Seaport
LONDON, Dec. 19, Tuesday-(P)-
A strong force of perhaps 500 RAF
Lancasters smashed at German ship-
ping in the big Polish port of Gdynia
north of Danzig last night after 1,100
British-based American warplanes
made emergency daylight attacks
through clouds against three rail-
heads used to supply the Nazis' new
western front offensive.
The British heavyweights ranged
1,600 miles to deliver a mighty blow
estimated at 2,500 tons of bombs-
against the Baltic port.
Three Rail Centers Hit
The American operation yesterday
struck at Cologne, Coblenz and
Mainz, three rail centers supplying
the Germans' stab into Belgium, with
2,000 tons of bombs.
More than 500 Flying Fortresses
and 600 escorting Mustangs of the
U.S. Eighth Air Force were risked in
weather so hazardous that normally
they would have been kept on the
Eight Planes Missing
A communique said three bombers
and five fighters were missing after
the attack on the three rail centers.
After nightfall the German radio
warned that fast-flying bomber for-
mations, probably RAF Mosquitos,
were approaching southwestern Ger-
Joining the attack, heavy bombers
of the V.S. 15th Air Force with pro-
tecting fighters hammered German
synthetic oil refineries in Silesia and
military targets in the Vienna area
from bases in Italy.
7,000 Planes Hit Targets
In the last 36 hours possibly more
than 7,000 Allied planes have pound-
ed Nazi targets with some 12,000 tons
of explosives, with at least 75 per
cent of the mighty aerial power being
concentrated against Field Marshal
Von Rundstedt's offensive.
Out of the estimated 450 Nazi
planes supporting the German offen-
sive, a total of 273 have been de-
stroyed or damaged. The Allies have
lost 77.
V Ball Petitions.
Duce Dec. 30
Publication Board
Position To Be Filled
Aspirants to the committees which
will direct the third annual between-
semester V-Ball should turn in their
petitions to the student offices of the
Union before Saturday, Dec. 30, the
Men's Judiciary Council announced
Those on the committees will help
to choose the orchestras, provide
decorations, secure the ballroom, pre-
pare favors and generally supervise
the details of the dance.
The V-Ball was inaugurated early
in 1943 as a wartime measure, com-
bining the annual J-Hop and Sen-
ior Prom. All juniors and seniors
who can present eligibiilty cards may
petition for a committee post for the
dance this season. Petitions should
consist of only one sheet and must
contain at least 15 signatures sup-
porting the candidate.
Committee members will represent
the Schools of Literature, Engineer-
ing, Business Administration, Fores-
try, Architecture and Pharmacy.

Three each will be chosen from the
first two schools, and one will be
chosen from each of the others. They
will be elected Jan. 5.
At the same time, Men's Judiciary
Council opened petitions for a va-
cancy on the Board of Student Pub-
lications. Petitions for this post must
contain the applicants qualifications
and also be submitted by Dec. 30.

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ter-attacks struck on the American First Army front, overrunning
Yank positions in the area of Honsfeld, Belgium, and also hitting
south of Heckhuscheid, southwest of Vianden and south of Echternach.
The U. S. Third Army gained near Dillingen and beyond Sarregue-
mines. Seventh Army men took five German villages including Boben-
U.S. Agrees with Principle
For the Partiton of Poland

Yank Airmen Blast
121 German.Tanks
S Battle Mounts in Fury As Front Rocks
From New V-Weapon; U. S. Attacks

By The Assoc
SHAEF, PARIS, Dec. 18-The gre
at least 18 miles inside the Belgian bo
by U. S. First Army Infantry and
knocked out 95 enemy tanks and dan
The first indication of the extent
U. S. Ninth Air Force, which annou
tracks west of Stavelot, which is 18
This was 15 miles from wherei
push began.
24 Hour Bombardment'
Both the First and Ninth Army
sectors were bombarded day and
night by a new German V-weapon
of undisclosed nature. The front
rocked to the explosions of the weap-
ons and the thunder of American an-
tiaircraft fire. Flares lighted the night
Through heavy censorship of
ground troop movements on the First
Army front came reports of pilots
participating in the greatest mass
destruction of enemy armor since the
battle of the Falaise Gap in Not-
mandy last summer.
U. S. fighter bombers lenlding
priceless aid to ground troops, many
of whom had their positions overrun,'
ripped up and down the western
front, destroying an additional 265
transport vehicles.
They also pounded German troops
and gun positions, bombing and
Nazis Use New Troops
The German high command hurled
scores of thousands of crack troops
and large numbers of tanks into the

dated Press
at German counteroffensive pounded
order today despite a lashing defense
tanks and Allied aerial blows Ghat
caged 26 others.
of the German drive came from the
nced it had bombed German half-
miles west of the Belgian-German
the lines stood before the German
S* *


WASHINGTON, Dec. 18.- ( )-'
The United States restored some
semblance of harmony to the ranks
of the Big Three today by a declara-
tion of agreement in principle to a
partition of Poland, demanded by
Russia and approved by Britain.
The United States agreement, set
forth in a statement by Secretary of
State Stettinius, was made condi-
tional on mutual accord by the
"United Nations directly concerned"
in the new Polish frontiers.
Poland, Soviet Union Referred To
By these nations, it was estab-
lished, Stettinius meant Poland and
the Soviet Union, which seeks the
eastern third of Poland..
The Secretary of State inferen-
croll Chooses
Five U' Women
Five University women were hon-
ored last night when Scroll, honorary
society for senior affiliated women,
tapped them for membership.
Chosen on the basis of scholarship,
leadership and service those tapped
are Nancy Pottinger, Kappa Delta,
a member of the central committee
of Surgical Dressings, and Bomber
Scholarship; Georgeanna Leslie, Al-
pha Chi Omega, central committee
of JGP, and central committee of
orientation; Mavis Kennedy, Delta
Delta Delta, Wyvern, central com-
mittee of Sophomore Project and
Women's Editor of The Daily; Jean
Wick, Alpha Gamma Delta, treasurer
of Panhellenic, central committee of
Panhellenic Ball; and Mary Driver;
Alpha Xi Delta, secretary of JGP
last year, vice-president of Panhel-
lenic this year.
All those chosen are first semester
Rosenthal Elected
MYDA President
The election of officers for the fall

tially urged such an accord, saying
it could contribute to prosecution of
the war and that Poland could have
American assistance in transfers of
population and rehabilitation of dev-
astated areas.
As a substitute for an iron-clad
American guarantee of their pro-
posed new borders, ruled out by tra-
ditional U.S. policy, the Poles were
offered the general security envisaged
under the United Nations Organiza-
Approval Hinted
The Polish ambassador to the
United States, Jan Ciechanowski, said
he was confident the Polish govern-
ment will be "greatly heartened and
highly appreciative" of the contents
and timeliness" of the Stettinius'
Stettinius, in the statement pre-
sumably issued with the approval of
President Roosevelt, sought to steer
a difficult course between the de-
mands of his allies and the decencies
due to Poland.
Stettinius' Key Sentence
Recalling the previous statement
of former Secretary of State Hull
that this policy did not rule out
immediate agreement on some ques-
tions, Stettinius sad in the key sen-
tence of his statement:
"In the case of the future frontiers
of Poland, if a mutual agreement is
reached by the United Nations dir-
ectly concerned, this government
would have no objection to such an
agreement which could make an
essential contribution to the prosecu-
tion of the war against the common
Detroit Airlines
Are Extended
WASHINGTON, Dec. 18.- (IP)-
The Civil Aeronautics Board today
authorized Northwest Airlines to es-
tablish a fourth transcontinental
airline service by extending its route

Maimed y Retaken
By The Associated Press
LONDON, Dec. 18-The Ger-
mans have recaptured Malmedy
in their counterattack in Belgium,
Ronald Walker, correspondent of
the London News Chronicle, re-
ported today.
Walker is assigned to a tactical
airforce. The fall of Malmedy
to the Germans has not been con-
firmed by any other source, but
other dispatches from the front
today indicated the enemy had
advanced at least four miles west
of that town.
great fluid battle that may decide the
entire course of World War I.
Once more the Germans threw
their air force into the battle, at-
tacking up to 300 strong, but 45 of
them were knocked from the sky in
swirling aerial dogfights above the
Front line officers of the U. S. First
Army made no attempt to minimize
the seriousness of this supreme ef-
fort to stall the Allied drive on the
King Is Silent
About Regency
Action May End Crisis
Between British, ELAS
By The Associated Press
LONDON, Dec. 18.-Reliable Greek
sources said tonight that King
George II had not yet been ap-
jroached by his cabinet on his reac-
tion to appointment of a regency-a
move that it is hoped will end the
continuing crisis in his country.
Hints in the British press that the
monocled 54-year-old Hellenic mon-
arch was considering abdicating over
the question of a regency brought an
emphatic "no comment" from one of
his close advisers.
Dispatches from the Greek capital,
meanwhile, declared that the British
had launched a full-scale drive
against the ELAS forces and that it
appeared the siege of the city would

18 miles within Belgium in coun-
terlffensive, launch new weapon;
Yanks take Wurm and Mullendorf.
Kassa in drive into Czechoslovakia.
ITALY-Allies mop up Faenza,
close in on Imola, next on route to
'PACIFIC-MacArthur announces
Japs lose 742 aircraft in week;
Yanks continue occupation of M-
doro, annihilate Jap 26th Divsion
on Leyte.
Daily Edition
Proceeds Total
$775 on Street
Outstanding Pledges
Needed To Fill Quota
(See pictures, Page 2).
The more than 300 students who
braved one of Ann Arbor's coldest
days manning the Daily Goodfellow
posts turned in $775 from the street
sales of the special edition yesterday.
Although this sum is less than half
of the announced goal of $1,500, it
is expected that this tenth annual
Goodfellow Drive will go over the top
when the special pledges from cam-
pus organizations, sororities, and
fraternities are turned in.
Lauding the campus and towns-
people for their generous contribu-
tions yesterday, Ray Dixon, Good-
fellow chairman, urged that all out-
standing pledges be turned into the
Daily "before the Christmas recess
"We are well on the road to our
best Goodfellow year," Dixon de-
clared, "but the success of the drive
can be assured gnly if all groups turn
in their contributions promptly."
Dixon extended the special ap-
preciation of the committee and the
Daily to all students who aided in the
sale and to students, faculty mem-
bers, and townspeople who "contrib-
uted so generously."
Money collected in the drive is dis-
tributed to the Family Children's
Service, the Student Goodwill Fund,
and the Textbook Lending Library.
Huntley Will
Speak to Vets
Highlighting the regular meeting
of the Veterans Organization at 7
p. m. tomorrow in the Union, Dr.
Frank L. Huntley, instructor in the
Civil Affairs Training School here,
will discuss Japan and her back-
Born in China of missionary par-
ents, Dr. Huntley lived there for 17
years, later moving to Japan where
he remained for six years. He has
been with the CAT school here since
its beginning more than a year ago.
The new social committee's re-
port will be presented for discussion
at the regular business part of the
meeting which will begin promptly
at 7 p. m.
Any veteran in need of tutoring is
urged to contact Henry Kaminski at
the meeting so that he can arrange

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