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December 18, 1944 - Image 4

Resource type:
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Publication:
The Michigan Daily, 1944-12-18

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Fifty-Fifth Year

WASHINGTON MERRY-GO-ROUND:
State Department Officers

_ _ _ __

i1

Letters to the Editor(...,

Keep Moving

I

' 1'

Edited and managed by students of the University
of Michigan under the authority of the Board in Control
of Student Publications.

Evelyn Phillips
Stan Wallace
Ray Dixon
Hank Mantho
Dave Loewenberg
Mavis Kennedy

Editorial Staff
. . . . . Managing Editor
* * . City Editor
. . . . Associate Editor
. . . . . Sports Editor
. . . Associate Sports Editor
S Women's Editor
Business Stafff

Lee Amer r.. . . Business Manager
Barbra hadwcltAssociate Business Mgr
June Pomering . . . Associate Business Mgr.
Telephone 23-24-1
Member of The Ass-ociated Press
The Associated Press is exclusively entitled to the use
for republication of all news dispatches credited to it or
otherwise credited in this newspaper. All rights of re-
publication of all other matters herein also reserved.
Entered at the Post Office at Ann Arbor, Michigan, as
second-class mail matter.
Subscriptions during the regular school year by car-
rier, $4.50, by mail, $5.25.
Member, Associated Collegiate Press, 1943-44
NIGHT EDITOR: RAY DIXON
------- -e
Editorials published in The Michigan Daily
are written by members of The Daily staff
and represent the views of the writers only.
Is Wells Right?
MAYBE H. G. Wells is correct in his assump-
tion that Mr. Churchill is a "bit confused."
It becomes more difficult to decide one way or
the other.
Now Churchill is "dumping overboard" the
Polish exile government and backing Russia's
demand for a new Western frontier.
In Italy, England is pulling a diplomatic
"fast one" while ousting Sforza and alienating
the U. S. and probably Russia. There is a sur-
prising lack of news from the Belgian front.
In the past, this has meant either that the
public is being conditioned for some disagree-
able decision, or that the British flatly refuse
to reveal the facts in the situation.
Meanwhile in the background, Churchill finds
it convenient to play along with Spain and the
Argentine.
The Grecian situation remains about the same
with the British spending generals and ultimat-
ums to the "leftists" who have been trying to
"usurp power granted by the virtuous democra-
cies."
In the light of some of our past experiences
with H. G. Wells, we were inclined to be skep-
tical, but you may have something this time,
H. G.!
-Stan Wallace
'Over the Top'
"OVER THE TOP" was the motto for our fight-
ing men in the last war and has become
their cry in battle on the Western Front. "Over
the Top" means that our boys are going ahead,
fighting forward, undaunted to win their ob-
jective.
Back here in the states it has been "over the
top" in war production-ships, tanks, and
planes-; in the war bond drives.
On the campus we have gone over the top in
the bond drive and only two weeks ago for
Galens. Today we must go "over the top" in
the Goodfellow drive. -Paul Sislin
F.E.P.C. Should Stay
SUCCESS of the President's Fair Employment
Practices Commission in reducing racial and
religious discrimination in the field of labor is
encouraging. But the commission is a tempo-
rary one. Its work is to continue only for the
duration of the war. Minorities have no guar-
antee that their rights will be protected when
hostilities cease.
The value of a permanent F. E. P. C. becomes
evident when the large number of people affect-
ed by race hatred is revealed and when results
of F.E.P.C. action to date are disclosed.
A report by the House Labor Committee dis-
closed that 26,000,000 Negroes, Jews, Americans
of Mexican or Spanish origin and foreign born
citizens have been suffering -from race hatred
which is prevalent in all sections of the coun-
try. Thirteen national labor organizations, the
committee said, have refused to add Negroes to
their memberships.
F.E.P.C. action in October, the committee re-
ported, alleviated 49.3 per cent of the cases of
racial discrimination where such alleviation
was possible. A total of 120 of the 279 cases

reported during the month of October resulted
in satisfactory adjustments.
The Labor Committee urged Congress to estab-
lish a permanent F.E.P.C. It recommended that
a commission be set up with seven members
having statutory authority to enforce legal meas-
ures upon employers and labor union heads.
#"r-ao1Qttc nnrrn ncr - nin

By DREW PEARSON
Will Clayton, like most of FDR's other new
state department appointees, has been a large
cash contributor against Roosevelt in most elec-
tions. Nelson Rockefeller and wife gave $2,500
to Dewey. Brig. Gen. Julius Holmes, another
new assistant secretary, is an outspoken Roose-
velt-hater. Undersecretary Joe Grew was born
and reared in the GOP camp. . . Clayton, a
Democrat, contributed $7,500 to the Liberty
League against Roosevelt during the Landon
campaign; also supported Willkie. In the
recent election, however, he finally came out
for Roosevelt. . . . Meanwhile, Mrs. Clayton, al-
ways strong for Roosevelt, gave to the Demo-
crats what her husband gives to the Republicans.
Gracious Mrs. Will Clayton was the schoolgirl
sweetheart of Senator Alben Barkley of Ken-
tucky. They went to college together. That
is one reason why Barkley will not oppose Clay-
ton's Senate confirmation, though most other
southern senators are vehement against him....
Reason is that Clayton nearly wrecked their
cotton program. When Alabama's senator Bank-
head and colleagues worked out cotton acreage
reduction, Clayton picked up his gins and car-
ried them to South America. . . . There, in
Brazil, Paraguay Argentina he taught the Latins
to raise as much cotton, and cheaper cotton
than in the U. S. A. For the first time in
160 years cotton actually was imported into this
country from Brazil. . . . Southern Senators
also dislike Clayton because hundreds of small
cotton brokers, scores of small gins have been
forced out by his octopus operations.
Cotton Sales Questioned . .
Clayton's cotton sales to Germany once be-
fore were questioned by a congressional com-
Social Philosophy
W HEN Edgar Ansel Mowrer, columnist andj
recent Oratorical Lecture Series speaker,
wrote last summer in Magazine Digest that Am-
erica is the old world and Europe the New, he
registered a truth that shocked this reader, a
proud believer in the human progress that to
people all over the world is synonymous with
the word, America.
Mowrer, as I see it, believes that America is
behind the times, not in material, but in socialf
progress. Europe on the other hand, he says,
is pushing ahead, way ahead of us, in the latter
field. "Government of the people, by the people,
and for the people," as expressed by Abrahar;
Lincoln four score and one years ago, is not
fully or nearly as fully achieved in this nation
as most of us think it is. We know very little,
and care less, about who represents us in the
national, state and municipal governments.
In our social legislation, we are not as advanced
as we should be. All advancement toward a de-
cent living standard for all is met with reserva-
tions. We have not divorced ourselves from the
primitive social philosophy of dog-eat-dog, the
individualistic culture of which Prof. Holmes of
the sociology department speaks in his recent
letter to the Daily.
The new people's movements of undergrounda
Europe, on the other hand, show great prom-
ise. The people of Europe are more united
now than we. They hold a dream, one based
primarily on the Four Freedoms, and they
expect us to help them make those four
freedoms freedom from want, fear, of reli-
gion and speech, a reality. '
But are we in a position to be the guiding
light of this brilliant future world, that the
masses of Europe envision? Are we possessed
with this same burning hope that has kept the
enslaved of Europe living for half a decade?
The answer is no. We have just a faint idea
of what transformations are taking place in this
world about us. We are an old world with old
ideas. True, we speak of a peaceful world of
tomorrow, a world in which life can be beauti-
ful, but our concept of this world consists not
in a healthy existence for all, where everyone
can develop individual talents and contribute to
the welfare of the community. Our concept
of the brilliant new world is one of a helicopter,
two autos and an unlimited variety of mechani-
cal gadgets for every automatically ordered1
household.
What we lack is a set of ideals, a national{
raison d'etre. While we say we love free en-
terprise, we confuse it with the egocentric

motives of our economic system. We love
bread and butter more than we love our
friends, and in one way or another, we re-
duce our neighbors to starvation just so that
we may have that bread and butter.
If we are to fill our international role, that
which peoples all over the world expect us to
fill, we will need a moral shot in the arm. We
must stop thinking of our own stomachs and
purses and instead we must work for freedom
from want not only for our own people but for
everyone, everywhere in the world.
This does not mean sacrifice of comforts for
us, for most Americans do not have a decent
living standard and have no chance to developj
their potentialities. Only members of the leis-
ure classes can find time to develop their minds.,
Changing our aims from selfish, personal gain{
for yours truly to the benefit of all society, would
help us achieve that state of progress where
men everywhere can go to sleep confident in
the knowledge that the next morning will be
even more beautiful than the last.
-Arthur J. Kraft
BARNABY

mittee. In 1936, three years before the war,
Senator "Cotton Ed" Smith's agricultural com-
mittee asked Will about his tremendous expan-
sion in South America. He replied it was neces-
sary in order to do business with Germany. Our
prices were too high for the German exchange,
so he was raising cheaper cotton in South Am-
erica. . . . Today Clayton faces inquisitive senat-
ors about the operation of his giant cotton firm
with Japan and other Axis countries. . . . On
Dec. 11, 1941, four days after Pearl Harbor,
John G. White, attorney for Anderson-Clayton
asked the State Department to let its subsidiary
company of Mexico, Cia Jaconera Del Pacifico,
secure exemption from the trading-with-the-
en emy act. Clayton's subsidiary wanted to get
rid of its crop as quickly as possible in order
not to lose money, therefore wanted to do busi-
ness with Japanese nationals. . . . The State De-
partment granted the request.
Just before Pearl Harbor the Clayton com-.
pany's shipments to Japan and the Orient were
phenomenally large. They cleared from South
American branch offices.....trangely enough,
shipments were also large to Hongkong (then
British) and to Manila then in U. S. hands).
Perhaps the Japs, knowing in advance they were
going to take these cities, stored up cotton
in advance. . . Most interesting report on the
Clayton company's operations just before Pearl
Harbor came from the U. S. consul in Tsingtao,
China, who reported that after Jap funds were
frozen by the U. S. treasury, he was informed
that 4.000 bales of cotton were sent from New
York to the Shanghai office of Anderson-Clay-
ton, then went on to Pap mills in North China.
Both Shanghai and North China were occupied
by the Japs. . . . This was after July 26, 1941,
the date when the U. S. government tried to
stop all shipments of any kind to Japan.
Tsingtao Consul Reports .. .
The U. S. Consul in Tsingtao also reported that
he was informed 5.000 bales of Clayton's cotton
subsequently came into Clayton's Shanghai of-
fice, was then re-sold to a Chinese broker, who
undertook to re-sell it to the Japs. . . . The same
U. S. Consul also reported in November, 1941,
that large amounts of cotton were clearing be-
tween Latin America and Japan, via the And-
erson-Clayton firm in Peru and Brazil. He re-
ported sales to C. Ito and Company. Ansano
Bussan Kaisha, both of Osaka, totaling 10,000
bales. This was before Pearl Harbor but appar-
ently after the treasury's freezing order of July
26.
The Dallas office of the Clayton firm also had
dome interesting transactions with a so-called
family foundation in Switzerland, "familien-
stiftung Obere Wart." Application was made to
the U. S. Treasury to deposit funds in this Swiss
"family foundation" well after Pearl Harobr and
it was believed to be a Swiss repository of
funds collected from Clayton branch offices all
over Europe.
Clayton himself was in the U. S. government
in Washington from 1940 on, and how closely
he kept in touch with the affairs of his company
is not known. Certainly as assistant secretary
of state he will know how world trade operates
on a gigantic scale, but whether he will under-
stand how it operates for little business in some-
thing some senators want to know.
(copyright, 1944, by the Bell Syndicate, Inc.)
Volunteers Needed
WITH many of us seemingly content to sit back
and predict final victory, the local office of
Civilian Defense has issued an appeal for volun-
teers to aid in Ann Arbor's war effort.
Workers are needed for part-time temporary
jobs and part-time jobs which may last through-
out the year.
Since its inception three years ago, the OCD
has rendered an invaluable service to the nation,
state and to the city. The OPA, Draft Boards,
Children's Day Clinic, and the Ann Arbor Vet-
erans Counseling Center. are but a few of the
many agencies staffed by OCD volunteers.
There is still a great deal to be done, both
on the battlefields and on the hpme front!
University students, privileged by the oppor-
tunity to obtain an education in war-time should

heed this important plea. The war is not "out
there," it's here in Ann Arbor and in every
place where there are people who can fight-
some have left-the remaining few must not
neglect their duty.
Persons wishing to volunteer for the Ann
Arbor OCD should contact Edith M. Bader,
director of Civilian War Services at the
local OCI office in the Armory.
-Bob Goldman
On Second TIwhouht .. .
By RAY DIXON
FIVE MORE Japanese admirals are knocked
off by our Navy, raising the grand total to
79 since May. This should be some kind of a
record and proves that everything is ship shape.
The Japanesey's seem to have almost as
many admirals as we have second lieutenants.
The man who has the Tokyo gold-braid con-
cession must be making a fortune.

Answer to Charges ...
IT SEEMS that on Saturday, De-
cember 3, Mr. Arthur J. Kraft-
one of the few columnists on your
tabloid who possesses a certain
amount of analytical ability-took
offense to my recent comment in
your paper. I'm gratified to know
that somebody on your staff has the
kind consideration to read the idle
assertions I made. However, I am
afraid that my last attempt at drib-
bling in true Daily fashion has been
misunderstood.
I said, and I quote: "Let's start
printing all the material from the
more informed columnists rather
than boring your readers with idle
dissertations on the evils of our so-
cial structure." Let me reaffirm this
statement again and again and again
Iand again!
Of course we have maladjustments
in our country. This point is self-
evident. However, why' instead of
criticizing the way of life of some
individual who had the brains, ability,
and initiative to go and earn an
honest dollar, why does not your
paper unearth the fundamental
causes of social inequality and pro-
pose a cure. Consider the Negro
situation. Recently one of the staff
members condemned the Mayor and
people of Dearborn, Michigan, for
failure to let Negro families move
into that locality. Instead of issu-
ing such a collection of absolutely
nothing, why did she not uncover
the reasons why these people were
against this migration. By the way,
where does this young lady live?
Probably her sacred home is as far
away from the colored race as possi-
ble. Also she would be the first to
utter complaint if the same situation
arose in her locality.
I, myself, have nothing against the
Negroes, and I believe in striving for
the betterment of their race. But I
j don't believe in laying the founda-
tion for another social disturbance
as we had two years ago in Detroit.
Education is our salvation in this re-
spect. Let us do the job the south
has failed to do. Make an intelli-
gent and worthy citizen out of the
Negro just as we should with a cer-
tain class of white people, i. e., Matt-
hew Smith, and a few of our so called
enlightened co-eds.
This is an example of what Ir
mean when I say that the people,;
who write for the Daily and who{
complain about our social structure,
MUC
THE UNIVERSITY Musical Society
presented, the sixty-fourth an-{
nual performance of Handel's biblical
oratorio. The Messiah. Hill Audi-t
torium was filled to capacity by an
audience that upholds this musical
tradition. This reviewer may be tak-
ing her life in her hands by attempt-f
ing to dispute this spectacular vocal
drama of the birth of the Christ
Child. But sui'ely there must be some
other bit of sacred music that envel-
ops the Christmas spirit. If there
isn't there should be. Bach; Mozart.
or even Mendelssohn have composed
sacred works that may not be related1
to this festive occasion but that en-{
compass a greater sphere of musical{
variety.
Each year Hardin Van Deursen'
undertakes a great responsibility by
uniting a bevy of musical talent. This
time as in the past the result was
competent. Due to Mr. Van Deur-
sen's expert hand, the chorus stole
the show. Especially fine was thef
alto sectionswhich maintained a
clear-cut quality throughout the en-
tire afternoon. The tenors as usual
were a trifle weak primarily because
of the tight quality of their high
notes.

The major section of the orchestral
score is devoted to the strings. How-
ever, the players did not take advan-
tage of the situation. Poor intona-
tion was almost consistent which
resulted in an amateurish whining
style.
Gean Greenwell, the bass, high-
lighted the soloists. Except for a few
tones that contained too much vibra-
to his richly colored voice proved to
be stiff competition for the other
vocalists. The tenor, Hardesty John-
son, is also the possessor of a deepi
and flexible voice which is unusuali
for a singer of his range.
The contralto, Mary Van Kirk and
the soprano, Desi Halban lacked the;
musicianship of their colleagues. Miss
Halban's enunciation did not attain
the standard of the other artists.
Moreover, sharp intonation coupled1
with a rasping quality brought about
a poor performance.f
The popular Hallelujah reassured
the audience of the chorus's excellent
training in dynamic "control and
artistic vocal blending.-
-Kay Engel1
By Crockett Johnson
-r
1 Okeav.Mr M a ilav.. I

should know the facts. When they
know the facts, then report them to
the reader.
Another example concerns the so-
cially minded columnists who advo-
cate compulsory military training.
What do these people know about the
service? If you want to know any-
thing about the life of a serviceman,
just saunter over to the West Quad-
rangle and inquire from one of the
fleet Marines. I ask the question
now as to whether any of these "so-
cial commandos" have ever been in
the armed forces?
I say it once more. Articles
which deal with all these social in-
novations-which will not effect
the author, I might say-and de-
structive articles which criticize the
movements of the populace, still
bore me.
-Pat Ryan

This statement is written into
the records of the committee hear-
ings on Senator Pepper's concur-
rent resolution to set 65c an hour
as the minimum hourly wage rate
"below which the War Labor Board
shall consider any wage substan-
dard." It was made by Christine
Gardner, who works at the Pied-
mont Leaf Tobacco Company, Win-
ston-Salem, N.C., for 40c an hour;
her husband works at R. J. Rey-
nolds for 46c an hour. They have
two children, and had a third
" . but--I had to work, and
couldn't get proper help for $2.50 a
week. The baby got sick, and we

t

Arouse Stndent Interest couldn't get , the proper medical
care. My baby died."
SAN avid reader of the Michigan cr.Myabde.
Daily, may I congratulate you on This in the United States, the
your liberalism in printing the vari- nation with the highest standard o1
ous criticisms of your paper and poli- living in the world.
tes of the staff as occasioned in the at Cistausttimematter of emotion
"Letters to the Editor." It seems toeooi eest htti esr
me that one Miss Ryan has become economic necessity that this measure
the. be passed. If we are to have enough
the shreseestoyhratmass purchasing power in post-war
, she seems to have aroused them America to maintain full employ-
from their state of lethargy and ment, we must raise the hourly wage
forced them to state a policy. While minimum from 40c an hour to 65c an
some of these policies seem contra- mihour.
dictory to their past airings, never- At 65c n hour, a man earns $26.00
the-less she has done a great service for a forty-hour week, $1,352 a year.
to this University-perhaps she may z The WPA emergency budget, planned
arouse some of the members of our to take care of a family of four in a
student body enough to encourage depression period, calls for a yearly
them to bend their efforts toward the income of $1,730. Broken down, this
composition of more "Letters to the budget allows for $16.00 a month for
Editor." If The Daily is to be the housing, $16.00 a week for food. And
students' paper, we must have more it admittedly might prove "harmful
of the students opinions, and perhaps to both health and morale" if too long
less of the Kraft, Rosenberg, Potts, continued.
and Miller monopoly.
Mr. Kraft in his editorial of Do- The 65c minimumi does not even
,ember 9 states, and I quote: "Ber- come up to these emergency stan-
nard Rosenberg, the Daily Column- dards.
ist, is pretty generally misunder- IGHT NOW, 40% of American
stood." If this is true, pray tell me Rworkers are making less than
why he remains on the staff asta 65c an hour. 11,000,000 Americans.
dclumnist. Being a member of the 2/5 of the working men are now, in
old school, I have always been led wartime, ill-housed, ill-fed, ill-
to believe that as columnist should clothed. One fourth -of the workers
convey his theories to the public in in manufacturing industry earn
a clear concise manner. His job is less than this rate.
to present to the public his ideas on ss
the various problems as regard John In 1S43, 30% of all consumer units
h. Public. If he has created a gen- still received less than $1,500. 7,093,-
eral misunderstanding, as our es- 000 consumer units got less than
teemed editorialist Arthur J. Kraft $1,000 a year.
says, why oh why is he given prefer- The highest standard of living
ence over Drew Pearson-who seems in the world.
to be understood by the public. I WHAT about the other side of the
have no objections to Mr. Rosenberg picture? Admittedly capital too
pr inting his column, if there is an.i pctrA mtelcatlto
ute shortageof columtsrbut h is a factor in production, and must
should not have preference over Mr. be considered when making decisions
Pearson-as has happened in the of this kind. Testimony before Pep-
past. This situation has been brought per's committee showed that, for the
to light by Miss Ryan in her Letter ndustries involveotalnfits inr194
to the Editor of December 8, but as (based on corporate tax returns)
yet I have read no defense of this by were 303% above profits between
Mr. Rosenberg or our esteemed mul- 1936-39. And one industry, cotton
titude of editors. , mills, the profits for 1942 and 1943
I say "hats off to Miss Ryan"-- were greater than the total combined
we need more of her type on this profits of the entire period from
campus. 1900-1940

By ANN FAGAN GINGER
"E 7EHAVE been married ten years,
and my husband's greatest am-
bition is to buy me a Christmas pres-
ent." This not from a Jewish refu-
gee, or a starving Greek patriot, or
from a Pole or Czech.

e
f
S
e
1
e
1
1
T
i
t
r

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I

--Bill Otto I

Churchill and Promises
I AM NOT here to condemn Chur-
chill, since he has already fallen
quite low in the esteem of most intel-
ligent observers of world events, and
has, as a matter of fact, never occu-
pied an honorable place in the minds
of those who befriend democracy. I
only wish to point out one particu-;
lar passage in Churchill's speech on
December 8, which, to me, revealed
most nakedly the essential hypocrisy
-or, if the speaker were sincere, idi-
ocy-of the kind of policy for which
Churchill stands and with which his
name has been associated.
In connection with the Britisha
interference with the Italian ap-
uointment of Sforza to premier-
ship, we find Churchill accusingt
Sforza of breaking his promise,
adding, "we do not trust the man
and we do not think he is a true
and trustworthy man, nor would
we put the slightest confidence in
any government in which he is a
dominating member." There are at
least three things one might say
about that statement.
First of all, in abstracting the mere
fact of promise-breaking from itsI
attending circumstances, the accuserf
shows a singular lack of understand-
ing of the nature of promise-keep-
ing. All promises, whether they are
attached with explicit or implicit
conditions, are valid only provision-
ally: that is, they are binding to the
parties concerned only insofar as the
future does not depart too radically
from what it is led to expect at the
time the promises are given.
And even if we grant, for the sake{
of argument, that Sforza is 'not a
"true and trustworthy man" be-
cause of his failure to keep his prom-
ise, it would not therefore follow that
he is unqualified as a statesman or
to deal business with Churchill. If
Churchill is so mindful of a politi-
cian's ability to inspire confidence,
one is tempted to ask him just how
much "confidence" he has in Stalin,
in Chiang Kai-shek, or perhaps in
san- of h his num olleagues

If Pepper's proposal passes, it will
cut into this sum by only 7% of 1943
profits in manufacturing industries,
1.1% in mining industries, 6.85 in fin-
ance, insurance and real estate in-
dustries.

On a national scale, our gross
production is running at $200 bil-
lion a year. War expenditure only
accounts for $105 billion. The 65c
minimum would only be able to
contribute $5a billion in purchas-
Ing power toward closing that gap.
So it won't solve the whole prob-
lem. But it cannot be ignored as a
step in the right direction.
Labor has fought hard to raise
itself by its bootstraps. The results?
Abolition of slavery. Virtual aboli-
tion of child labor. Consistently bet-
ter working conditions in mill and
factory. Shorter hours. Higher wag-
es. Compulsory public education.
Equality for women. Right to bar-
gain collectively, (without which the
WLB would be an impossibility, and
the no-strike pledge wouldn't exist.)
These gains were won through bitter
struggles, loss of life, in the face of
terrorism, blacklisting, vigilantes,
Pinkerton spies.
The method of achieving the same
ends has now changed. And it is
only necessary to pass a law in order
to raise our living standards once
again.
In considering the basis of the
wage system, it is interesting to read
Horace Greeley's statement about
wages and wage slavery made in 1845.
It is not out of order today: (From
"Slavery at Home" in "Hints Toward
Reforms")-
"I understand by ' Slavery, that
condition in which one human
being exists mainly as a conven-
ience for other human beings-in
which the time, the exertions, the
faculties of a part of the Human
Family are made to subserve, not
their own development, physical,
intellectual, and moral, but the
comfort, advantage, or caprices of
others . . . In short, wherever ser-
vice is rendered from one human
being to another . . . where the

z
i_

Hop out of bed, m'boy. We're _
I continuing our ermine hunt

No. That proves ermines-
are nocturnal animals . .

You won't be gone lon g
9 9: .

wK Y #Vl . a l'ufivy

Ii I

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