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December 14, 1944 - Image 1

Resource type:
Text
Publication:
The Michigan Daily, 1944-12-14

Disclaimer: Computer generated plain text may have errors. Read more about this.

BONDS
Keep Bombs
v? Faling

J+

Ida- .-Ighk
fit att

Ar
Elat

WEATHER
Continued cold. Little
change in temperature.

VOL. LV, No. 37 ANN A4M)R, MICHIGAN. THURSDAY, DEC. 14, 1944

PRICE FIVE CENTS

Calm Descends on,
A....thens; IApp7&roval
O TermsmAwaited
ELAS Forces Withdraw After Bitter
Street Batile; British Hold Lines
In Dawn Attack on Barracks. Area

Reds S rge
To Suburbs

First Army Offensive Gains

Two

Of Bdajews les on East Bank of Hoer River;
SJoe~Thii - 29 sILSe t Leave agova in

By 111.1e Associa~te'd PI-'r
LONDON, Thursday, Dec. 14-d-Red
Army armored columns, smashing
through strong Nazi defenses north
east of Budapest yesterda. captiire. i
Kisalng, seven miles from the Jfuni-
garian capikl, tMoscow ntounced.
In additcion they seized th h rtit-
way town of Isaszeg, 10 miles directly
d~c f dlrnpz tc th R2t ssiatnsin- I

Tgr' rt f hid
c._f(4 (

Seventh, Third
SD IDrve s Styited
Itn Tough Fht

~

ATHENS, Dcc, 13.-(A")--As calm
descended tonight on Athens for the
first time in a strife-torn week, it was
reported in leftist quarters that an
emissary of the ELAS (fighting
branch of the left-wing EAM party)
would call on Maj.-Gen. Ronald M.
Scobie tomorrow to announce accep-
tance of British terms to end the
civil war.
This report was contrary to the
announcement made earlier today
WAR AT A GLANCE
By The Associated Press
WESTERN FRONT-First Army
opens long-awaited assault against
German forces along Roer River
front.
RUSSIAN FRONT-Red arm-
ored columns smash on to Ruda-
pest-new seven miles from Hun-
garian capital.
PACIFIC FRONT - American
troops making gains against Japs
north of Ormoc. Activity on Leyte
held in check by rains.
Choral Union,
Artists To Sing
Handel Oratorio
Annual 'Messiah' Will
Be Given Here Sunday
The traditional "Hallelujah Chor-
us". will be heard as part of the an-
nual Christmas performance of Han-
del's monumental oratorio, "Messiah"'
at 3 p. m. Sunday in Hill Auditorium,
under the sponsorship 'of the Uni-
versity muical society.
King George I of England, whom
Handel had known as the Elector of
Hanover and to whom he was deeply

by ELAS town criers who roamed
the streets with megaphones, say-
ing the terms offered by Scobie,
British commander in Greece, had
been refused and "we shall fight
on if it means smashing Athens."
ELAS forces attacked British posi-
tions in the heart of the capital
today, but were held off or beaten
back with heavy losses.
The leftist fighters who attacked
and penetrated the British barracks
compound were cornered and sur-
rendered. Twenty-nine of the ELAS,
including four officers, were taken
prisoner. Six were killed and six
wounded in this engagement..
This attack came before dawn
at the barracks northeast of the
city center of Kifissia Road. lipLAS
men scaled the walls of the bar-
racks compound and set fire to
stored gasoline. By sunrise they
had been driven into a corner, but
the fight continued.
The British brought in reinforce-
ments during the night, crossing
ELAS-held territory to do so.
During the. day the ELAS loaded
streetcars with explosives and, sent
them careening against British tanks
in Omonia Square, shaking the city
with explosions.
British, Support
Churchill Policy
By The Associated Press
LONDON, Dec. 13-Labor ministers
in Prime Minister Churchill's coali-
tion government threw their whole
support solidly behind British policy
in Greece today after their spokes-
man asserted Russia and President
Roosevelt had agreed that "we (Brit-
ain) undertake the main" problem of
Greece."
Bulky Ernest Bevin, Minister of
Labor and head of Britain's biggest
union, took the stump at a stormy
Labor Party convention to defend
the Tory Prime Minister and shout-
ed:
"The steps which have been taken
in Greece are not the decisions of
Winston Churchill. They are the
decisions of the cabinet.,
"I took part with my Labor col-
leagues in the whole of these deci-
sions. Looking back I cannot bring
it to my conscience that any one of
the decisions was wrong."
Navy Confers
On Ja Future

M
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east el dsua les, as ale sy 'hie Associated Press
creased their pressure from that di- 2ST BOMBER COMMAND, Sai-
rection and hammered the northeast p Det. . Supefortresses today
and southeast entrances to the (Ity rained bombs on Nagoya, Japan's
with artillery and aerial blows. third largest city, centering their
Isaszeg Taken attack upon the largest aircraft fac-
Isaszeg was captured in a five-mile tory. Numeous explosions and fires
push south from Godollo, which fell i were observed.
Tuesday. Ret urning crews tonight said they
The broadcast Moscow connif1ni- ."c0ncntrat(d on the natsudoki air-
cue also announceda ie captr nr of craft piit, the largest opeated by
seven other towns farther northeast the vat Mitsubishi Company, atthe
of Budapest, including Szurdok-Pu- northeast edge of Nagoya.
poki, 12 miles north of the Russian- Mi ,ilin 8I Siecessul
occupied rail junction of Hatvam and Bri;-Gcii. Ilaywood Hnhsell Jr.
on the r'ail line leadinug noril i m twd a t a pFs Conlierc'nce shortly
nlrla tvan to Losone in Slovakia. beoromidnig ht that "the mission
has iboet ii asuccess.''
Push to Slovakia "xay bomb strikes have been
The Soviet advance in that setor obtained in the Mitsubishi aircraft
engulfed more strongpoints in the works," he said. "Damage was quite
steady push toward the Slovak fron- extensive. I am not prepared to
tier above Budapest, threatening to assess that damage until I have had
cut off the Germans fighting in east- a chance to study photographs, but
ern Slovakia and to extend the front I think it's a good mission."
toward the Slovak capital of Bra tis-' U added that early indications
lava and Vienna on the west. were that none of the B-29's was lost
In addition the Moscow communi- over the target.
que listed the capture of 12 towns M ansell said leading units found
and villages north and northwest of fighter interception but this dwindled
Miskolc, 85 miles northeast of Buda- as other Superforts came over Na-
pest, in a push continuing an out- goya later. There was considerable
flanking operation on the eastern anti-aircraft fire. Both interception
Slovak stronghold of Kassa (Kosice). and ack-ack were ineffective.
12 Miles From Border Col. Wiley D. Ganey of Andalusia,
Towns captured included Abod, 19 1.Ala, leading one element, said his
miles north of Miskolc and 12 miles bombardier had an excellent visual
from the Slovak border. shot at the target. He added: "I
The communique mentioned only don't, believe anything until I see
action by Marshal Rodion oMalin- photographs, but it looked as if this
ovsky's Second Ukraine Army, which was one of the best."
has been capturing more than i,100 leluge of ain sontu Saipan j
prisner a ay snceDec 5.A deluge of ran struck Saipan just
prisoners a day since Dec. 5. as some B-29's started returning in
The communique said 29 enemy darkness, causing great concern.
tanks were knocked out and 11 planes 1-Liinell and his staff members stood
shot down in Tuesday's fightin. on an open platform of an enclosed
aircraft signal tower for 20 minutes
during the height of the storm while
Dail To . nthe 1-29's roared helplessly in the
a iy sky and not one landed.
Chs rsueThe first word spoken during that
period was when Hansell pointed at
a couple of faintly showing stars.
Students Requested TO Ile said: "It looks like it may break."
'Hansell said later he was pleased
Ai GoodfelloW Dr)iv e at the manner in which several
planes Thanded during the storm de-
Students will be given a chance to0piesaedvdbit.d
contribute to the only al-camnpus site zero visibility.
charity drive of the year Mondays, The Hatsudoki plant participates
when the special Goodfellow edition in the production of most Japanese
of The Daily will go on sale. twin-engined bombers and navy
fighters. The factory is two and one
Proceeds of the drive, whi'h the half miles east of Nagoya Castle and
committee expects to total $1 ,00, eight miles north and inland from
will be divided between the Failythe dock area.
and Children's Service aind the Text- tirst. hem ts were away about 2:30
book Lending Library. Fr b syb :
The aim of the Family and Chil-
dren's Service, as stated by ary
Hester, executive secietary is "to 0 Needed
provide people with ways to utilize,
their own abilities in meeting prob-
lems and thus prevent social break-
down from occurring." The bureau
is able to give financial assistance in cear Bond Goal
cases where such help ties in with aG
special need. With IThree Days To Go
The other agency which will bene-
fit from contributions to the Good- With three days to go in the Sixth
fellow drive is the Textbook Lending wLaroan Drive the University today
Library. v as within $6,000offits $100,000
Contributions from dorms, sorori- quota.- . Gordon Giffth, chairman
ties, fraternities, and league houses of the University bond committee,
will supplement proceeds from the said.
sale of Dailies. Campus coeds are The, total bond sales to date are
asked to be at their posts from a. --94459, of which $54,358 was solii-
to 4 p.m the day of the 'lrive. BOND BOX

STRIKING IN PROTEST--Workers at four Montgomery Ward Stores
in Detroit maintaining their picket line in a snowstorm. December 8
on their placards marks the date that the management refused to rec-
ognize the WLB ruling in the case. A hearing is scheduled in Wash-
ington today.

By The Associated Press
SHAEF, PARIS, Dec. 13-American
First Army troops astride the Roer
River in the vicinity of Monschau,
20 miles southwest of Duren, opened
a long-awaited assault against 'the
left flank of German forces deployed
east of the river today and smashed
nearly two miles along both sides df
the stream in a two-pronged thrust.
Battlefront dispatches said Lt. Gen.
Courtney H. Hodges' doughboys far-
ther north drove the Nazis from the
west bank of tlh Roer along a stretch
of about five miles i nthe fourth day
of their all-out effort to smash the
enemy salient across the river in the
Duren area, and today's twin kick-off
extendin gthe First Army's front to
25 miles in width turned the struggle
for the gateway to the Cologne plain
into a two-dimensional affair.
7th Army Advances
On the south end o the ,western
front, meanwhile, the spectacular
drive of Lt. Gen. Alexander M.
Patch's Seventh Army toward the
German Palatinate was checked by
blown bridges across the wide Seltz-
bach River east of Haguenau and by
jarring enemy counterattacks south
of the border city of Wissembourg.
Between the First and the Seventh
armies, Lt. Gen. George S. Patton's
Third Army measured its gains in
scores of yards as it fought through
a maze of pillboxes and fortifed
houses of the Siegfried line on the
outskirts of Saarlautern. Although
the Third's artillery continued to
blast Saarbrucken, there were no re-
ports of gains against the Saar cap-.
ital.
Yanks Drive Nearer Duren
While other armored and infantry
units slugged their way steadily
toward Duren on both- siees Ostolz
Fohcologne highway, these doughboys
today jumped off in a surprise at-
tack that might turn the whole left
flank of the German defenders of
the Cologne plain.
The First Army's new attack was
launched from the vicinity of Lam-
mersdorf, east of Rotgen, the first
town captured by American troops in
Germany, and about 13 miles south-
west of Duren.
Third Army Forces advanced a
half-mile into Germany from their
new invasion point east of Sarregue-
mines and made another crossing of
the Blies River in that sector. They
were reported meeting a new type of
German "dungeon}" defense as they
hit the outposts of the Siegfried Line.
Carol Sing To
BHeld Sunday

.4
a s i

Detroit CIO Unions Marshall
Support for Ward Strikers

0 I

By The Associated Press

DETROIT, Dec. 13-The CIO
marshalled all its Detroit unions to-
night to support the strike of its
United Retail, Wholesale & Depart-
ment Store employes against four
stores of Montgomery Ward & Co.
in this area.
Presidents of some 240 CIO lo-
cals in the Detroit area were sum-
Films on Nego
Will Be Shown
Two moviesdealing with the posi-
tion of the American Negro will be
offered by the Post-War council from
7:30 to 8:45 p. m. Saturday at the
Rackham Amphitheatre.
The first movie, entitled "As Our
Boyhood Is" provides an account of
the best in education for Negroes in
rural areas. It also depicts the worst
in education for Negroes, 'showing
that while progress has been made,
there is much work yet to be done
on the elementary, high-school and
college levels.
"Negro Soldier" tells the story of
the American Negro from the time
of the Revolution to the present war.
It was produced by the Signal Corps,
Uniited States Army, under the sup-
ervision of Colonel Frank Capra.

moned to a meeting here onf the
eve of a "show cause" hearing be-
fore the National War Labor Board
at Washington tomorrow which of-
ficials of the company and of the
employes union were directed to
attend.
Call for tonight's meeting to or-
ganize "moral and financial sup-
port behind the strike" was issued
by August Scholle, National CIO
representative in Michigan.
Meanwhile Merritt Martin, presi-
dent of Local 332 of the Department
Store Employes, made an assertion,
denied by company spokesmen, that
25 clerks from Chicago and Toledo
had been brought to work in the
Ward store in suburban Dearborn.
Ward spokesmen said that "This is
the first time we have ever heard
of anything like that."
The strike which began Satur-
day stems, from the protest of the
union members over Montgomery
Ward's failure to accept a War
Labor Board directive covering
maintenance of membership, dues
check-off, union seniority, back pay
and arbitration of grievances.
CIO leaders said they would con-
fer with federal officials and would
request an investigation to deter-
mine if federal law forbidding trans-
portation of strike breakers across
state 'lines had been violated.

DESI IHALBAN
... to sing here.
indebted for financial assistance, was
-the story goes-so moved by the
music that he stood spontaneously in
the royal box.
The audience followed suit and
the custom of standing during its
performance has been maintained
right down to the present, both in
this country and in England.
Sunday's performance of the Mes-
siah includes the united service of
distinguished soloists: Desi Halban,
young viennese soprano who made
her American debut in a concert at
Palm Beach, Florida; Mary Van Kirk
of the Metropolitan Opera Associa-
tion, contralto; Hardesy Johnson,
young American tenor; and Gean
Greenwell, baritone.
Local talent includes the combined
services of Frieda Op't Holt Vogan
instructor in organ at the University,
University Symphony Orchestra, the
University Choral Union and Hardin
Van Deursen, conductor of the Uni-
versity Musical society.
CAMPUS EVENTS
Today Play Production presents
{ "Junior Miss" at 8:30
Dec. 16 p. m. in Lydia Mendels-
sohn Theatre.
Today French lecture by Prof.
Palmer A. Throop at 4:10
p. m., Rm. D, Alumni
Memorial Hall.
Dec._ 16 Michigan AAU Final,
Swim Gala, 7:30, Varsity
Pool.
Dec. 16 Movies on the Position of
the American Negro giv-

U. S. PACIFIC FLEET HEAD-
QUARTERS, Pearl Harbor, Dec. 13
-(P)-American Army and Navy
commanders of the Central Pacific
and Aleutian War areas have just
concluded secret conferences with
Adm. Chester,'W. Nimitz, command-
er of the Pacific ocean areas, deal-
ing with future operations against
Japan.
From the Northern war front came
Lt. Gen. Delos C. Emmons, Com-
mander of the Alaskan Department,
and Vice Adm. Frank J. Fletcher,
commander of the North Pacific. Lt.
Gen. Simon Bolivar Buckner, former
Commander of the Alaskan Depart-
ment, also attended..

SRA Sponsors
Steps of Main

Fest on
Library

( _

HOLIDAY TRAINS:
Railroad Off icial DentiesR1nol
Of Coach Ticket.Limhcaifnu
K. - ~_

Contrary to widespread campus
rumors, "nothing at the moment in-
dicates limitation of coach ticket
sales" to students during the holi-
days, W. E. Frackleton, a Detroit
NYC Railroad official said yesterday.
"Unless additional equipment is
requested by the War or Navy depart-
ments to expedite military move-
Three Local Youths
Convicted of Felony
lr'..', p n .ri ,/iith V andtia' 29-

ments, we expect to handle all coachj
passengers," he asserted.
Explaining that ODT rulings pre-
vent additional sections from being
provided for civilian use, Frackleton
said, "the outlook is for heavy Christ-
mas travel, but possibly no larger
than the high mark set last year."
Students, worrying about travel
accommodations for the coming
Christmas holiday, should note that
the number of coaches used in civil-
ian transport is limited. Making
coach or pullman arrangements
should not be delayed.

We have . .
County .............$7,931,757
Univeirsity .. . . . ... .$ 94,549
WIe need
ClCty . .. ........ ... $232,243
(University ........... $ 5,541
led by Bond Belles of the Junior
Girls Project.
Griffith said that the University
was "only eight $1,000 bonds away
from fulfilling its quota."
Meanwhile, the County was within
$240,000 of reaching its more than
$8,000,000 quota. The total yesterday
was $7,931,757.
Papcr Collection Is
Stated For Dec. 28
Stressing the vital role waste paper
plays in our over-all war effort, coun-
ty salvage chairman, George H. Gab-

"A new and growing awareness on
the part of many national groups
which include both whites and Ne-
groes, is one of the most encouraging
signs in the fight against Negro dis-
crimination," Claudia Jones, former
editor of "Spotlight" magazine, de-
clared last night before the Inter-
Racial Association in the Union.
Pointing to the wide distribution
of the much-publicized pamphlet
"Races of Mankind," Miss Jones indi-
cated that the scientific and general
distribution of information can help
stamp out discrimination.
"Through these means we can
Even Walking Is Subject

INTER-RACIAL LECTURE:
Editor Tells of Fight Against
Negro Race Discrimination

overcome the lack of knowledge in
those Americans who want to aid in
the fight against discrimination, but
who don't know exactly what to do,"
she stated.
"Of vital importance, and a goal
towards which we should all fight,"
she asserted, "is the establishment of
a permanent Fair Employment Prac-
tices Commission (FEPC), which, in
a temporary set-up eliminated much
friction before the war, and has
helped to solve 5,000 cases thus far."
For the first time in the history of
the United States, she pointed out,
during the Philadelphia Transit
Strike,' the armed forces werecalled
out to fight against needless dis-

The annual All Campus Carol Sing,
sponsored by the Students Religious
Association, will take place at 8 p.
Sunday, on the front steps 'of the
main library.
The Men's Glee Club, under the
direction of Prof. David Mattern.'of
the School of Music, will lead in the
singing of old, loved Christmas car-
ols.
Traditional Christmas refresh-
ments will be served at Lane Hall and
informal singing will continue thee
following the carolling on the library
steps.
Ever since the first SRA carol
sing, in which the participants over-
flowed Lane Hall capacities, the carol
sing has been Lane Hall's most pop-
ular annual activity. It has become
an essential part of Michigan Holi-
day tradition on the Sunday before
Christmas holidays to Christian and
'non-Christian students alike.
If the weather should be prohibit-
ive, the carol sing will begin directly
at Lane Hall. Otherwise, look for the
lights at the library and join the
crowd.
Paul Hastings Will Face

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