TRE MICHIGAN DA iY
'.4'i Yt! ; :sa1 :I t1:1,; 7 i , .t oi ty
---------- .... .......
Tm3~SW~.r, i~T 15, 1945
Report Reveals Need for Aid
DAILY OFFICIAL BULLETIN
Edited and managed by students of the University of
Michigan under the authority of the Board in Control
of Student Publications.
Associate Sports Editor
. . . . Women's Editor
. Business Manager
Associate Business Mgr.
. Associate Business Mgr.
Member of The Associated Press
The Associated Press is exclusively entitled to the use
for re-publication of all news dispatches credited to it or
otherwise credited in this newspaper. All rights of re-
publication of all other matters herein also reserved.
Entered at the Post Office at Ann Arbor, Michigan, as
second-class mail matter.
rubscriptions during the regular school year by car-
rier, $450,' byv mail, $525.
Member, Associated Collegiate Press, 1944-45
NIGHT EDITOR: BOB GOLDMAN
Editorials published in The Michigan Daily
are written by members of The Daily staff
and represent the views of the writers only.
FEW AMERICANS hold a very high opinion of
General Douglas MacArthur. He is con-
demned throughout the land as a pompous
show-off who divides his time between wading
ashore to island beaches from the ramps of
landing craft and issuing grand statements of
In making this condemnation, such persons
show a remarkable inability to view military
affairs in their proper light. They .attack the
superficial and disregard the important. The
result is a badly distorted version of the true
What these people forget is simply that Mac-
Arthur, whatever may be his personal faults,
has conducted what military observers agree
is a remarkable campaign in the South Pacific.
Working often under the handicaps of inade-
quate materiel and manpower, MacArthur has
directed the reconquest of vast territories in the
face of the most difficult problems of terrain and
supply that the war has presented to any
It might be well to remember that the pri-
mary task of any military commander is to
formulate and direct plans for winning bat-
tles. MacArthur has accomplished that task
as well as, or better than, any other general
in any theater of war. Why not put first
Power To Negotiate
rFHREE MONTHS ago the House Judiciary
comfmittee conducted hearings on the pro-
posal for an amendment to the constitution
which would give the House equal authority
with the Senate in approving treaties and which-
would abolish the two-thirds vote on treaties
in the Senate. Chairman Hatton W. Sun'i-
ners explained at that time that quick action
on the proposal was necessary if the House was
to take part in formulating the treaty of this
war. Last week the Senate Judiciary Commit-
tee tabled the Fubright proposal for the dura-
tion of the war.
Amending the constitution is a complicated
and lengthy procedure. Two-thirds of the House
must approve, as well as two-thirds of the Sen-
ate and three fourths of the states. If the Sen-
ate and three-fourths of the states. If the Sen-
proposal, a democratic method of approving the
peace terms will be impossible.
The archaic two-thirds rule permits a small
block of senators to thwart the wishes of the
majority. Melvin D. Hildreth, General Coun-
sel of the President's War Relief Control
Board, disclosed at a committee hearing De-
cember 1 that "with all due respect for the
sacredness of the Constitution the two-thirds
rule was inserted in the Constitution for eco-
nomic, not diplomatic reasons-that is, to
protect New England fishing interests. It was
not the founders but the flounders who were
primarily responsible for this strange provi-
Since peace treaties need implementing by
other legislation requiring House approval, the
House should be in on the treaty approval. Also,
if the House and the Senate acting together can
declare war with a majority vote peace should
be declared in the same way. Judge Summers
summed up the arguments for House partici-
pation when he said that "it is the House as
well as the Senate which is the voice of the
GREAT PROMISE that the schools and col-
leges of the South will, during the next de-
cade,.reach the academic standards of educa-
tional institutions of the rest of the country is
indicated by reports resulting from conferences
held at the University of North Carolina, Cha-
pel Hill, last month.
Southern educators, under the leadership of
Chancellor C. C. Carmichael of Vanderbilt Uni-
versity, met in late January and found that
Southern schools lack adequate funds, adequate
research facilities, have poorer caliber teaching
staffs and poorer libraries than other schools.
There is little prospect, according to one spokes-
man, of remedying the situation without finan-
cial aid from the federal government.
Students Go North ...
Since the deposition of "King Cotton" as an
important source of wealth, the South has
been, economically speaking, far behind the
rest of the nation. Although some of the
oldest colleges in the country are in the
South, it was, and still is, customary for South-
ern youth to seek advanced education in
Northern universities. Thus it is significant
that only four of the thirty-four member uni-
versities of the Association of American Uni-
versities are located in the South.
Southern education leaders. such as Dr. Frank
P. Graham, President of the University of North
Carolina, hold little hope that the South will be
pulled up by its own bootstraps from its rela-
tively destitute condition. Every problem of
Southern education is basically concerned with
Southern economy. In Dr. Graham's opinion,
the Southern States do not have adequate
finances, nor do they face the prospect of
getting enough in the future, to raise their
standards to the national average. According
to an article by Benjamin Fine in the New
York Times (Feb. 3, 1945), Dr. Graham pres-
ented voluminous figures to the Senate Com-
mittee on Labor and Education to show that
federal aid is essential to accomplish this aim.
"If some rural states paid their whole tax
funds for education they would still be below
the national average. Federal aid is essen-
tial as a matter of justice", Dr. Graham said.
Endowments Low. .-
Of the 176 colleges in the United States with
endowments of $2,000,000 or more, only 25 are
located in the South. The vast majority of
these are privately endowed; only four are State
supported. Whereas the University of .Michi-
gan had an endowment of $15,860,469 in 1943,
the University of Alabama had $5,200,000; North
Carolina, $3,653,874; Virginia, $11,589,070. The
University of Texas whose endowment ran close
to fifty rillion, is situated on rich oil lands,
which it owns. It has more money than it can
dispose of. The State of Virginia, to illustrate
the tieup with college endowments, is one of
the wealthiest of Southern States.
As regards educational attainment in the
United States, 2,799,923 persons of 25 years of
___ te"to tde c&At0
To the Editor:
What stimuli are institutions of higher edu-
cation providing troops overseas to dissuade
lethargy and encourage mental activity? Though
the war fronts may seem far removed from the
ivory towers of the universities, there is ample
fertile ground amongst troops to further the
cause of education and encourage original think-
The Army Special Service Unit and the U. S.
A. F. I. have proved sadly disappointing to men
overseas, especially combat troops. As Infor-
mation and Education Officer of an infantry
medical detachment in the Philippines, I have
discovered how disinterested fighting troops
have become in matters pertaining to their own
post-war life-such problems as geo-politics,
political economy, post-war security, and world
organization to insure peace.
Education for a post-war world must not
wait until the men have discarded their uni-
forms and returned to civilian life. It is
a task which must be started now and the
initiative should not be delegated to the
armed forces alone. It is the duty of uni-
versities and colleges to provide the stimuli
essential to the constructive thinking and to
cooperate and encourage the special service
branches of the armed forces to accomplish
Here's hoping that corrective measures will
soon be initiated.
-M. G. Aiken, Captain, D. C.
. of M. '43D
age or older have had less than one year of
schooling. The comparable figure for 11
Southern States is 930,484, far higher than
the average of the remaining 37 states.
In normal years, only half -the population
between the ages of five and twenty-four in th
South attends school while the comparable av-
erage for the rest of the nation is two-thirds.
A far wider differential may be noted in the at-
tendance at colleges and universities.
These are the facts. Southern educators
have noted them and when they meet in the
summer of 1946 to formulate a charter for
education in the South, it is to be hoped that
steps to remedy the situation will be taken.
Federal aid, even combined with those funds
already in their possession will not be enough.
In order that the South may bring its institu.-
tions of higher learning up to the national
average industry and agriculture of the South
must be developed. While government aid
in the form of the Tennessee Valley Author-
ity is of some aid, what is desperately needed
is an overhauling of Southern economy. Much
capital must be poured into Southern industry
for only when the South again becomes weal-
thy can we hope for a nermanent solution of
its educational problems.
-Arthur J. Kraft
N A PREVIOUS editorial appearing on this
page, Ray Shinn took advantage of his liter-
ary ability to conceal a bit of shoddy reasoning
which he used in an attempt to attack the bill
for the extension of the franchise to 18-year-
old citizens now in the Michigan legislature.
What he said, in effect, was: there are some
incompetent voters in the 21 to 25 age group.
There are also some incompetent persons in
the 18 to 21 group. Therefore, the incom-
petents should not be increased by including
the latter group.
The proportional amount of incompetents in
the younger group is smaller than in the older
for many reasons. An 18-year-old has just
graduated from high school. If he does not go
to college he has completed the only political
instruction he will ever receive. That know-
ledge should be used at once.
The youths who go on to college should most
certainly be granted the franchise. They are
potential members of the intellectual class from
which our leaders are supposed to be drawn.
The subject of the franchise is a universal
one-one which has pertinence at all times.
Although the bill has been introduced in war-
time, the interest is not necessarily an ephe-
meral one, as Mr. Shinn has suggested. It is
true that the slogan "If they're old enough to
fight, they're old enough to vote" has been
bandied around. But the reasons for this
are far more subtle than the mere words im-
ply. A great many of the men and women in
service are becoming aware for the first time
of the importance of world affairs, and in this
realization they are taking an interest in
questions which they might not have taken
under ordinary circumstances.
It may be asked, "Why 18, why not 17 or 16?"
The answer to this question may be found
in the fact that 18 is a turning point in an indi-
vidual's life. It is the average age of high
school graduation. At this time a person de-
cides whether he shall continue his education
or embark upon a career. Either choice places
him in a new category-one in which he is
classed as an adult.
If voting were to be restricted, the proper
way to do so would be to grant the fran-
chise only to those familiar with the issues.
But a very hasty generalization is made when
it is said that those under 21 are incompe-
tent while those over this age are fit to vote.
O N SECONID
4 IT H OU G HT...
By Ray Dixon
4 o . -- -- -.- - -.
THURSDAY, MARCH 15, 1945
VOL. LV, No. 95
Publication in the Daily Official Bul-
letin is constructive notice to all mem-
ers of the University. Notices for the
Builletishionld be sent !it typewritten'
rorni to the Assistant to the President,
1021 Angell Hail, by 3:340 p. tn. of the day
preceding pob!ic:it ion (11::30 . n. S:n -
School of Education Faculty: The
March meeting of the faculty will be
held on Monday, March 19, in the
University Elementary School Li-
brary. The meeting will convene at
Notice in re University Property
Removed from the City or off Uni-
versity Property: Any University rep-
resentative having charge of Univer-
sity property should give notice in
advance to the Inventory Clerk, Bus-
iness Office, University Hall, when
such property is to be taken outside
the City of Ann Arbor or off Univer-
sity property for use in any Univer-
sity project. A loss recently occurred
on which the University had no in-
surance because of the fact that no
notice had been given to the Inven-
tory Clerk that such property had
to exclude all other from participa-
tion. Blanks for the 'chairman's lists
may be obtained in the Office of the
Dean of Students,
Certificates of Eligibility for the
first semester shall be effective until
Probation and Warning: Students
on probation or the warned list are
forbidden to participate in any pub-
Eligibility, First Year: No fresh-
man in his first semester of residence
may be granted a Certificate of Eli-
A freshman, during his second sem-
ester of residence, may be granted
a Certificate of Eligibility provided
he has completed 15 hours or more
of work with (1) at least one mark
of A or B and with no mark of less
than C, or (2) at least 2/2 times as
many honor points as hours and
with no mark of E. (A-4 points, B-3,
C-2, D-1, E-0).
Any student in his first semester
of residence holding rank above that
of freshman may be granted a Cer-
tificate of Eligibility if he was admit-
ted to the University in good stand-
The Director of Physical Education
Petitions for exemption by stu-
dents in this College should be ad-
dressed by freshmen to Professor Ar-
thur Van Duren, Chairman of the
Academic Counselors (108 Mason
Hall); by all other students to Asso-
ciate Dean E. A. Walter (1220 Angell
Except under very extrordinary
circumstances no petitions will be
considered after the end of the third
week of the Spring Term.
The Administrative Board of
the College of Literature,
Science, and the Arts.
The Extension Service will offer
the following course in Ann Arbor
beginning this week. You may enroll
at the first class session.
Appreciation of Painting. A study
of the technical processes and basic
principles of painting, with the pur-
pose of establishing the standards of
judgment necessary in the apprecia-
tion of painting as a fine art. A be-
ginning course for adults who are
interested in learning how to look at
pictures. Noncredit course, eight
Adams, Rm. D, Alumni Memorial
Hall, Thursday, March 15, 7:30 p.m.
Tn odrP fn
been taken to the location where it ;eceive a Certifiale:of igibiLit a ' Beginning tonight, a course in
was n ue, nd he roprtywasreceive a Certificate of Eligibility a "Contemporary Jewish History", will
was in use, and the property was student must have earned it least 11 Cntm rryJwhHsty"wl
therefore not covered by the insur- mustfae eredt let - be given at the Hellel Foundation,
ance olic. ShrleyW. Smith hours of academic credit in the pre-cdn The instructor is Dr. Max Dresden
ance policy. Shirley W. Smihceding semester, or 6 hours of aca- the Phsics Deparmnt.eThe
All Sorority Women living outside emic credit in the preceding sum- class will meet every Thursday eve-
AlI ooiyWmnlvn usd mrssin iha vrg fa ning from 7 p.m. to 9 p.m. All those
their respective houses will have least C, and have at least a C averagegitr m i the course a. Alcoe
11:30 permission on Thursday, March for his entire academic career ttendand in the course are welcome.
15, Tuesday, March 20 and Thursday, Unreported grades and grades of X Attendance is expected to be regular.
March 22. ; and I are to be interpreted as E until
- removed in accordance with Univer- Concerts
All students wanting to register sity regulations. If in the opinion of
for summer jobs, such as camp coun- the Committee on Student Affairs Faculty Recital: Mabel Ross Rhead,
seling, playground work, summer re- the X or I cannot be removed promp- Professor of Piano in the School of
sort work, etc. may obtain registra- tly, the parenthetically reported Music, will be heard in the second of
tion material at the office, 201 Mason grade may be used in place of the X a series of Sunday evening piano
Hall Thursday and Friday between or I in computing the average. recitals at 8:30 Sunday, March 18, in
9 a.m. to 12, and 2 p.m. to 4 p.m. Students who are ineligible under Lydia Mendelssohn Theater. Her
Many requests are already on file, Rule V may participate only after program will include compositions by
and registration should be taken care having received special permission Bach, Corelli, Rameau, Mozart and
of immediately. This applies to both of the Committee on Student Affairs. Schumann, and will be open to the
undergraduate and graduate students general public without charge.
who are interested in summer em-
May Festival Circulars and Tick-
ets: Announcements containing de-
tailed programs, biographical sketch-
es of performers, etc., concerning the
Festival, are now available at the
offices of the University Musical So-
ciety in Burton Memorial Tower.
Season tickets are now on sale over
the counter. Beginning Monday,
March 26, the sale of tickets for in-
dividual concerts -will begin. Season
tickets are available at $8.40, and
$7.20; and tickets for individual con-
certs will be $1.20, $1.80 and $2.40,
and possibly a limited number at
$3.00; all including tax.
Rules governing participation in
Participation in Piblic Activities:
Participation in a public activity is
defined as service of any kind on a
committee or a publication, in a pub-
lic performance or a rehearsal, or in
holding office in a class or other
student organization. This list is not
intended to be exhaustive, but merely
is indicative of the character and
scope of the activities included.
Certificate of Eligibility: At the
beginning of each semester and sum-
mer session every student shall be
conclusively presumed to be ineligi-
ble for any public activity until hisI
eligibility is affirmatively established
by obtaining from the Chairman of
the Committee on Student Affairs,
in the Office of the Dean of Stu-
dents, a Certificate of Eligibility.
Participation before the opening of
the first semester must be approved
! as at any other time.
Before permitting any students to
participate in a public activity (see
definition of Participation above),
the chairman or manager of such
activity shall (a) require each appli-
cant to present a certificate of eli-
gibility (b) sign his initials on the
back of such certificate and (c) file
with the Chairman of the Committee
on Student Affairs the names of all
those who have presented certificates
of eligibility and a signed statementI
By Crockett Johnson
Bronson-Thomas Annual German
Language Award offered juniors and
seniors in German. The contest will
be held from 2 to 5 p. m. Friday,
March 23, in Rm. 204 University
Hall. The award, in the amount of
$28, will be presented to the student
writing the best essay dealing with
some phase in the development of
German literature from 1750-1900.
Students who wish to compete and
who have not yet handed in their
applications should do so immediate-
ly in Rm. 204 University Hall,
Kothe-Hildner Annual German
Language Award offered students in
Courses 31, 32, 35, and 36. The con-
test, a translation test (German-
English and English-German), car-
ries two stipends of $30 and $20, and
will be held from 2 to 4 p.m. Thurs-
day, March 22, in Rm. 301 University
Hall. Students who wish to compete
and who have not yet handed in
their applications should do so im-
mediately in 204 University Hall.
Anyone interested in a teaching
position in Newark, N.J., may receive
further information regarding va-
cancies by calling at the Bureau of
Appointments and Occupational In-
formation, 201 Mason Hall. Exami-
nations in the fields of English, Gen-
eral Science, Home Economics, and
Vocal Music, will be held at the Cen-
tral High School, Thursday, .April 5.
Anyone interested in a teaching
position in Toledo, O., may receive
further information regarding va-
cancie's and examinations by calling
at the Bureau of Appointments and
Occupational Information, 201 Ma-
City of Dearborn Civil Service An-
nouncement for Laboratory Techni-
cian, salary $2,130 with annual in-
crements up to $2,790, has been re-
ceived in our office. For further in=
formation stop in at 201 Mason Hall.
Bureau of Appointments.
United States Civil Service An-
nouncements for Brick mason, Car-
penter, Electrician, Painter, Pipe-
fitter, Plasterer, Plumber, Sheet-
Metal Worker, Steamfitter, Stone
mason, and Tile Setter, Salary $2,-
260, have been received in our office.
For further information stop in at
201 Mason Hall. Bureau of Appoint-
Joe Fisher, famous impresario of
India and the Far East, will be pre-
sented tonight at 8:30 in Hill Audi-
torium as the concluding number of
the current Lecture Course series.
Mr. Fisher will show color motion
pictures to illustrate his lecture "The
Land of the Maharajahs." Tickets
are on sale today from 10-12, 2-8:30
at the auditorium box office.
A ur domir NV , 1
Choral Union Concert: The Chicago
Symphony Orchestra, Desire Defauw,
Conductor, will give the 10th Choral
Union Concert, Monday, March 19,
at 8:30 p.m. in Hill Auditorium.
A limited number of tickets are
available and may be purchased at
the Office of the University Musical
Society in Burton Tower.
Geometry Seminar: There will be
a meeting to discuss the time of
future meetings at 4:15 in 3001 An-
i gell Hall. Tea at 4.
The Romance Languages Journal
Club will meet this afternoon at 4:15
in the WestConference Room of the
Dr. Alphonse R. Favreau will speak
' on "The Sources of Tartarin de Tar-
ascon" and Dr. Hirsch Hootkins will
give a talk entitled "A Few Remarks
on La Biblia Romanceada."
Graduate students and all inter-
ested are cordially invited.
The Post-War Council will hold its
first meeting of the semester this
afternoon at 4:30 in the Union. Offi-
cers will be elected and plans for this
'semester's program will be made. All
students who are interested in par-
ticipating in the Council's activities
are urged to attend this meeting.
Tea at the International Center,
every Thursday, 4-5:30 p.m. Faculty,
foreign students, and their American
friends are cordially invited.
Graduate Students: You are cor-
dially invited to attend the Graduate
Coffee Hour held at 7 p.m. in the
Ladies Lounge of the Rackham Buil-
ding tonight. All new students are
urged to come and get acquainted
with -their fellow students. The
Thursday Evening Record Concert
will immediately follow the Coffee
The Regular Thursday Evening
Record Concert will be held in the
LadiesaLounge of the Rackham Buil-
ding at 7 :45 p.m. The classical pro-
gram will include Handel's Water
Music Suite; Telemann's Suite in A
Minor; Corelli's Organ Concerto; and
Bach's Brandenburg Concertos (1-4).
All Graduate Students are cordially
invited to attend.
The Cerele Francais will meet to-
night at 8 in the Michigan Union.
Professor Charles E. Koella, of the
Romance Language Department, will
give an informal talk on: "Le role de
la Suisse dans un monde en guerre."
Games, French songs and a social
hour are also on the program. All
servicemen are cordially invited to
all meetings of the club.
Angell Hall Observatory will be
YANKEE BOMBERS hit Osaka,
ond city, probably singing our
them while they dropped theirl
know: "Osakan you see?-
bombs. - You
Ann Arbor spring is about as dependable as
a "no cigarette" sign in drugstores, but it's
nice while it lasts.
Our doughboys cross the Rhine after skin-
ning them all along.
Reds close in on Frankfurt. Hot dog!
The tax on my $700,000,000
net income is $90,974,820.
So my net income REALLY is
$9,025,180, isn't it,rn'boy?
And a tax of $8,187,734 on
THAT leaves a $837,446 net.
d~ __ _ _
So, on a $837,446 net income,
I owe $746,892. Leaving me
a new net income of $90,554.
Which, taxed at $57,300 is. .
jI o eat
... and a tax of 2 cents from
$1.01 whittles my net income
down to 99 cents. And then-9
Haven't you finished
YET, Mr. O'Malley?
I won't have to file a return
on so infinitesimal an income,
Barnaby ... But I'll take these
scratch sheets to familiarize
those financial experts I may
hire with O'Mulley methods.
I'd hoped O'Malley would be here to tell us
If he finances each property separately.
Clever? O'Malley's a GENIUS! How long