THlE MICHIGAN DAILY
Post- War Film Competition.
DAILY OFFICIAL BULLETIN
- - *1
Edited and managed by students of the University of
Michigan under the authority of the Board in Control
of Student Publications.
Ray Dixon .
. . . . Managing Editor
, , . . . . City Editor
. . sortsEditor
. . . Associate Sports Editor
. . . . . Women's Editor
. . . Business Manager
. , . Associate Business Mgr.
Associate Business Mgr.
Tel ephone 23-24-1
Member of The Associated Press
The Associated Press is exclusively entitled to the use
for re-publication of all news dispatches credited to it or
otherwise credited in this newspaper. All rights of re-
publication of all other matters herein also reserved.
Entered at the Post Office at Ann Arbor, MWchigany as
second-class mail matter.
Subscriptions during the regular school year by car-
rier, $4.50, by mail, $5.25.
Member, Associated Collegiate Press, 1944-45
NIGHT EDITOR: KATHIE ,SHARFMAN
Editorials published in The Michigan Daily
are written by members of The Daily staff
and represent the views of the writers only.
IN AN EFFORT to inform the public on little-
understood points of foreign policy, the State
Department is inaugurating a series of educa-
tional broadcasts entitled "Our Foreign Policy."
The half-hour programs will take the form of
round-table discussions by congressmen and
State Department officials, with Archibald Mac-
Leish as moderator. Some programs will be
devoted to discussions of United Nations organ-
izations such as UNRRA.
This policy of letting the public in on what
makes things tick is the only way of assuring
intelligent criticism of the Department's con-,
duct. If we are to judge the functioning of
government agencies by efficiency and success
rather than by political prejudices, we must
have complete and accurate information on
which to base our judgments.
The American public has been treated as too
irresponsible to be trusted with knowledge of
the factors which control State Department de-
cisions. Over a lon~g period of such ignorance,
we have almost lost our sense of responsibility.
It is much easier to ignore the whole thing and
let others do our thinking for us.
The dangers of such an attitude are obvious.
Democracy is not the easy way, but today all
our efforts are being bent to prove that it is
the right way. These struggles will be of no
value if we throw away our chances for democ-
racy here at home.
The State Department's broadcasts on for-
eign policy are not as dramatic as the war
news, but they are of even greater import-
ance. They represent the end which we are
striving to gain. We are being offered an
opportunity to participate intelligently in the
formation of the peace, and we are being
offered an opportunity to gain information
by which we may participate intelligently.
Let's not muff it.
By DREW PEARSON
UNDER the guise of winning the war, it looks
as if certain countries were beginning a
clever, covert war against Hollywood and get-
ting themselves fixed for future peacetime film
competition. Most precious commodity in the
film industry today is raw film, most of which
comes from the U.S.A. We have been allocating
a certain amount of it to other countries for war
uses, but now suddenly as peace in Europe nears,
their demands have jumped up. For instance
Australia and India are now asking a total of
50 million feet of raw film per year. Russia is
asking 40 million. Mexico has quadrupled its
demands, and many film people think Mexico is
W HEN THE MILLIONS are suffering, can a
people which comes out of the war relative-
ly untouched, learn the lessons of war? Our
cities were not bombed, our standards of living
have not been lowered, our countrysides are not
littered with the dead. Last Thursday morning
we read Thomas Mann's "The End", an arti-
cle in the March number of Free World. At
noon we addressed a service club in a small
Michigan city. Three businessmen supplied re-
marks following our advocacy of the Dumbarton
Oaks proposals: (1) Yalta was another Munich,
the democracies having sold independent peoples
down the Totalitarian river," (2) "The resur-
rection of the dead Atlantic Charter at Yalta
was equivalent to trading realistic commerce
and business for idealistic moonshine" and (3)
"Free enterprise for honest profit must remain
the basis of Americanism, lest economic plan-
ning by government for the people, so-called,
lead us to complete Totalitarianism."
We are at that place in the movement through
military phases of the war into the political
strategy of a peace where ideals are needed and
where the selecting of workable goals with proper
implementation in political instruments are the
central values. Unless we can understand this
social process we will fail our nation and the
world just now. The big three statesmen came
through at Yalta with a magnificent demonstra-
tion of how the far ideal of a world knit to-
gether for common human purposes can lift us
above the fog of political difficulty. The steps by
which we are to move toward ordered peace must
be definitely taken at San Francisco in April.
In the mean time the isolationists and the frag-
mentarians are still with us. They were vocal
after that address of ours. It is necessary to
warn them that in a democracy our society
is like a man in court, she cannot be tried twice
for the same offense.
In the recent election both the question of
international colaboration with power to en-
force peace and national planning by govern-
ment were directly vindicated at the ballot
box. These issues are settled issues. The ques-
tion before us as a nation is just how can
those two specific methods, international cola-
boration and planning by the government
best serve the human race?
And how does that article by Thomas Mann
apply? He says "The mechanized romanticism
called Germany was such a curse for the world
that no measure whatsoever that tends to destroy
it as a state of mind can be disapproved." That
state of mind which ruined Germany is showing
itself in America, where men have not directly
suffered. Fat pocketbooks were never so numer-
ous at all levels of income. Fat lobbies in Wash-
ington and Lansing were never so insistent on
property rights as today. Fat little businesses
in localities were never more insistent that, as
the military gives over, we shall all get each
something for nothing. Here is among us that
"State of Mind."
a blind by which raw stock is syphoned off to
Hollywood film companies don't object to
the export of a certain amount of raw film
provided it really is for war uses-such as
training films for the Red army. But they do
think we ought to look into the matter care-
fully and ascertain what the film is really used
If, for instance, it is being used to build up
post-war competition against Hollywood, then
there is going to be a howl. In fact a howl has
Questions also are being asked by some of the
Hollywood independents as to what the big U.S.
companies are doing with all their film.
Despite the fact that records already show
the big companies have used up more film than
the actual number of pictures produced, the
independents, therefore, are wondering what
has happened to the balance. Among other
things, they wonder whether the big boys are
storing up unused prints to flood the market
as soon as the war is over.
CIO PRESIDENT Phil Murray has become in-
creasingly worried over the upsurge in strikes,
just as victory in Europe is around the corner.
He is afraid of reaction against labor among re-
turning U. S. troops and is demanding that all
CIO leaders reaffirm labor's no-strike pledge
immediately. War Mobilizer Byrnes' office has
prepared a bill providing for court review of all
War Labor Board decisions. Other administra-
tion leaders differ with Byrnes, claiming that
judicial review of War Labor Board decisions will
take so long that the board will be torpedoed.
British Flood Washington .. .
IT HAS now been 130-odd years since Admiral
Sir George Cockburn marched British red coats
through the streets of Washington, D.C., rolled
buckets of tar into the House of Representatives,
and set the Capitol aflame. But today Washing-
ton again is flooded with Britishers-about 7,000
by latest British embassy count.
In the United States, as a whole, the British
now have about 8,500 employes-though some
are Canadians, and some are Americans re-
cruited for British work.
In Washington they work for the naval dele-
gation, the military delegation, the air force
delegation, the Staff of Economic Warfare, the
combined Chiefs of Staffs, the combined Raw
Materials Board, the Combined Production and
Resources Board, the British Information Serv-
ice, the British Air Commission, the British em-
bassy, and the British consular service.
They number far more than the handful of
soldiers who stormed Washington and burned
down the White House 125 years ago.
And they are far more welcome.
(Copyright, 1945, Bell Syndicate)
£4IPJt th U G! al
To the Editor:
So far the United States has followed a neg-
ative policy re the German nation. The soldiers
of the American Army may not "fraternize"
(speak to) German civilians. Our government
will not negotiate with the existing German
government. We will not agree to terms of any
kind. This negativism is probably the fruit of
our own ignorance and cynicism. We are abys-
mally and in part justifiably ignorant of con-
ditions in Germany, of the character and com-
position of the people, their culture and their
economy. We simply do not know whether
there is any liberal sentiment alive there, wheth-
er there are any political experts to whom we
could entrust a new German government, how
much strength remains in German nationalism,
how much in Prussian militarism, how much re-
sistance would meet a partitioning of the coun-
try. At the same time we are ignorant of the
important matters, our cynicism causes us to
doubt the practicality of any measures except
those of armed power. Either we do not believe
in ideals or we do not believe the ideals we
mouth are possible of realization in Germany.
Hence our negativism. Hence we are in
the ridiculous position of conquerors with no
lust for conquest, occupying a country we do
not want, smashing a structure we believe is
evil with nothing to set up in its place. It is
time the United States of America adopted a
positive program re the German people.
Student Tea: President and Mrs.
Ruthven will be at home to students
Wednesday afternoon, March 14,
from 4 to 6 o'clock.
Social Chairmen and House Direc-
tors are reminded that requests for
social events must be filed in the
Office of the Dean of Students not
later than the Monday before the
event for which approval is request-
ed. It should be accompanied by
written acceptance from two sets of
APPROVED chaperons and, in the
case of fraternities and soropities, by
approval from the financial adviser.
APPROVED CHAPERONS may be
1) parents of active members or
pledges, 2) professors, associate pro-
fessors or assistant professors, or 3)
couples already approved by the
Committee on Student Affairs. A
list of the third group is available
at the OFFICE OF THE DEAN OF
American Red Cross War Fund:
If you have not been solicited in
regard to your contribution toward
the American Red Cross and wish to
make your pledge, please call at the
Cashier's Office, 104 South Wing,
and receive your membership card
May Festival Season Tickets: All
remaining season May Festival tick-
ets will be placed on public sale,
beginning Monday morning, March'
12, at the offices of the University
Musical .Society in Burton Memorial
Summer Registration: A meeting
will be held on Tuesday, March 13,
at 4:10 p.m. in Rm. 205 Mason Hall,
for all students who want to register
for summer employment. This in-
cludesaapplicants for work in sum-
mer camps, camp counseling, hotels,
University Bureau of Appointments
Publication in the Daily Official Bul-
letin is constructive notice to all inein-
hers of the University. Notices for the
Bulletin should be sent in typewritten
form to the Assistant to the President,
1021 Angell Hall, by 3:30 p. m. of the day
preceding publication (11:30 a. m. Sat-
SUNDAY, MARCH 11, 1945
VOL. LV, No. 92
forbidden to participate in any pub-
lic activity. ,
Eligibility, First Year: No fresh-i
man in his first semester of residence
may be granted a Certificate of Eli-
A freshman, during his second sem-
ester of residence, may be granted
a Certificate of Eligibility provided'
he has completed 15 hours or more
of work with (1) at least one mark
of A or B and with no mark of less
than C, or (2) at least 21/ times as1
many honor points as hours and
with no mark of E. (A-4 points, B-3,k
C-2, D-1, E-0) .
Anystudent in his first semester
of residence holding rank above that
of freshman may be granted a Cer-
tificate of Eligibility if he was admit-
ted to the University in good stand-
Eligibility General: In order to
receive a Certificate of Eligibility a
student must have earned at least 11
hours of academic credit in the pre-
ceding semester, or 6 hours of aca-
demic credit in the preceding sum-
mer session, with an average of at
least C, and have at least a C average
for his entire academic career.
Unreported grades and grades of X
and I are to be interpreted as E until
removed in accordance with Univer-
sity regulations. If in the opinion of
the Committee on Student Affairs
the X or I cannot be removed promp-
tly, the parenthetically rep or ted
grade may be used in place of the X
or I in computing the average.
Students who are ineligible under
Rule V may participate only after
having received special permission
of the Committee on Student Affairs.
Eligibility Certificates: for the
Spring Term may be secured imme-
diately to the Office of the Dean of
Rules governing participation in
Participation in Public Activities:
Participation in a public activity is
defined as service of any kind on a
committee or a publication, in a pub-
lic performance or a rehearsal, or in
holding office in a class or other
student organization. This list is not
intended to be exhaustive, but merely
is indicative of the character and
scope of the activities included.
Certificate of Eligibility: At the
beginning of each semester and sum-
mer session every student shall be
conclusively presumed to be ineligi-
ble for any public activity until his
eligibility is affirmatively established
by obtaining from the Chairman of
the Committee on Student Affairs,
in the Office of the Dean of Stu-
dents, a Certificate of Eligibility.
Participation before the opening of
the first semester must be approved
as at any other time.
Before permitting any students to
participate in a public activity (see
definition of Participation 'above),
the chairman or manager of such
activity shall (a) require each appli-
cant to present a certificate of eli-
gibility (b) sign his initials on the
back of such certificate and (c) file
with the Chairman of the Committee
on Student Affairs the names of all
those who have presented certificates
of eligibility and a signed statement
to exclude all other from participa-
tion. Blanks for the chairman's lists
may be obtained in the Office of the
Dean of Students.
Certificates of Eligibility for the
first semester shall be effective until
Probation and Warning: Students
on probation or the warned list are
CONGRESS has declared that men in the Mer-
chant Marine are not members of the Armed
Services and therefore are not eligible for gov-
ernmental aid or loans granted in the G. I. Bill
of Rights. The basis for this decision was that
the men of the Merchant Marine are paid much
more than men in the Armed Services and that
they are employes of shipping lines and not
subject to military restriction.
All this is true, but these reasons are not
strong enough to deny these men the rights en-
joyed by men of the Armed Services. The ma-
jority of men in the Merchant Marine have seen
months and years of active duty at sea. They
have been exposed to danger and suffered
greater casualties at the beginning of the warI
than men in any other branch of the Armed
Services. They took the risk and served our
country. Why should they be denied the privi-
leges and rights offered men with less actual
active combat experience?
The question most generally raised; "But
weren't these men avoiding the draft?" It is
true, that any member of the Merchant Marine
who did not sign up on a ship within thirty
days was immediately classified as 1-A by his
draft board. But in .most cases being drafted
entailed less personal exposure to danger than
did serving aboard a Liberty ship or merchant
ship or tanker carrying supplies to the war
areas. Doubt should therefore be dismissed.
These men had more to lose in the Merchant
Marine than in the draft.
The local Veterans' Organization is debating
The hopeful item is that, in our case, gov-
ernment is out in front frankly the champion
of the common man. Government in that lead-
ership has a mandate from the people in the
recent election and if all who have been trained
in the love of a-n ideal and been disciplined in
that democratic sport, called the selecting of
goals will speak up each at his own level of
citizenship, the crisis will be successfully met.
The thousands of our men in battle have
spoken with their lives. The millions in devas- t
tated areas have spoken. They, being dead,
will speak endlessly, only if we can cement
into) a workable world order the national frag-
ments which ,a powerful military machine has
tumbled into the lap of the proposed San
-Edward W. Blakeman
Counselor in Religious Education -
grand humoriste francais.'' This lec-
ture replaces the one that was to be
offered by Dr. Walter Naumann, who
is o leave of absence this semester.
Honor Societies: The attention of
honor societies is called to the fact
that the date of Honors Convocation
has been set for April 20. It is re-
quested that all societies hold their
elections as early as possible after
the beginning of the Spring Term so
that the names of new members may
be included in the Honors Convoca-
-Dean of Students
Bronson-Thomas Annual German
Language Award offered juniors and
seniors in German. The contest will
be held from 2 to 5 p.m. Thursday,
March 22, in Rm. 204 University
Hall. The award, in the amount of
$28, will be presented to the student
writing the best essay dealing with
some phase in the development of
German literature from 1750-1900.
Students who wish to compete' and
who have not yet handed in their
applications should do so immediate-
ly in Rm. 204 University Hall
Kothe-ildner Annual German
Language Award offered students in
Courses 31, 32, 35, and 36. The con-
test, a translation test (German-
English and English-German), car-
ries two stipends of $30 and $20, and
will be held from 2 to 4 p.m. Thurs-
day, March 22, in Rm. 301 University
Hall. Students who wish to compete
and who have not yet handed in
their applications should do so im-
mediately in 204 University Hall.
Identification Cards: All Identi-
fication Cards which were given out
during the Summer or Fall Terms
must be validated by the Dean of
Students for the Spring Term. Cards
which were riot turned in at regis-
tration in Waterman Gymnasium
should be left at Rm. 2, University
Hall, at once. Cards which are not
validated will not be honored fo the
Spring Term by University officials.
German Departmental Library
Hours, Spring Term 1944-45: 1:30-
4:30 p.m. Monday through Friday
and 8-12 Wednesday and Saturday,
204 University Hall.
State of Michigan Civil Service
Announcements for Ordinary Sea-
men CI, $148.50, Able Seaman A2,
$183, a month, Vessel Oiler A2, $183
per month, Vessel Third Engineer I,
$225 per month, have been received
in our office. For further informa-
tion, stop in at 201 Mason Hall. Bu-
reau, of Appointments.
Engineering and Chemistry Seniors
and Graduates: Mr. E. W. Oldham,
of Firestone Tire & Rubber Company,
will interview for prospective posi-
tions with that organization, Wednes-
day morning, March 14, 1945, in Rm.
218 West Engineering Bldg.
Schedule of interviews is posted on
the Bulletin Board at Rm. 221 West
Engineering Bldg., where application
forms are also available.
University Lecture: Mr. Carey Mc-
Williams, formerly Commissioner of
Immigration and Housing of the
State of California, will lecture on
the subject "Minority Groups in the
United States" at 8 p.m., Tuesday,
March 13, in the Rackham Amphi-
theatre: under the ausnices of the De-
A cademic Notices
To all male students in the College
of Literature, Science, and the Arts:
By action of the Board of Regents,
all male students of this College, ex-
cept veterans of World War II, must
elect Physical Education for Men.
This action has been effective since
Tune, 1943, and will continue for the
duration of the war.
Students may be excused from tak-
ing the course by (1) The University
Health Service, (2) The Dean of the
College or by his representative, (3)
The Director of Physical Education
Petitions for exemption by stu-
dents in this College should be ad-
dressed by freshmen to Professor Ar-
thur Van Duren, Chairman of the
Academic Counselors (108 Mason
Hall); by all other students to Asso-
ciate Dean E. A. Walter (1220 Angell
Except under very extrordinary
circumstances no petitions will be
considered after the end of the third
week of the Spring Term.
The Administrative Board of
the College of Literature,
Science, and the Arts.
The Extension Service will offer
the following courses in Ann Arbor
beginning this w.reek. You may enroll
at the first class session.
Appreciation of Painting. A study
of the technical processes and basic
principles of painting, *with the pur-
pose of establishing the standards of
judgment necessary in the apprecia-
tion of painting as a fine art. A be-
ginning course for adults who are
interested in learning how to look at
pictures. Noncredit course, eight
Adams, Rm. D, Alumni Memorial
Hall, Thursday, March 15, 7:30 p.m.
Ceramics. Basic work in modeling,
throwing on the potter's wheel, glaz-
ing and firing. Noncredit course.
Twelve 2 -hour periods in the
ceramic studio. $15.
Moore, 125 Architecture Building,
ground floor, Tappan Street entrance.
Monday, March 12, 7:00 p.m.
Body Conditoning. This course of
generalized exercises is arranged for
the adult woman and is directed to
assist her in keeping agile, supple,
and firm. Noncredit course, eight
Miller. 14 Barbour Gymnasium.
Monday, March 12, 7:30 p.m.
Sculpture. Studies in sculpture for
beginning and advanced students.
The course will be conducted in the
studio. Noncredit course, ten weeks.
Fairbanks. 403 University Hall.
Tuesday, March 13, 7 p.m.
Engineering Aptitude Tests: All
first-term civilian Engineering Fresh-
men will meet in Rackham Lecture
Hall at 8 o'clock on Wednesday
morning, March 14, for the purpose
of taking the Engineering Aptitude
Tests developed by the Carnegie
Foundation for the Advancement of
Teaching. There will be no make-up
opportunity. Freshmen will be ex-
cused from classes on that day.
Required Hygiene Lectures for
Women: All first and second semes-
ter freshman women are required to
take the hygiene lectures, which are
to be given this term. Upperclass
students who were in the University
as freshmen and who did not fulfill
the requirements are required to take
and satisfactorily complete this
course. These lectures are a gradua-
Section No. 1, First Lecture, Mon-
day, March 12, 4:15-5:15, Hill Aud.
Subsequent Lectures successive Mon-
days, 4:15-5:15, Hill Aud. Examina-
tion (Final), Monday, April 23, 4:15-
5:15, Hill Aud.
Section No. H, First Lecture, Tues-
day, March 13, 4:15-5:15, Hill Aud.
Subsequent Lectures successive Tues-
days, 4:15-5:15, Hill Aud. Examina-
tion (Final), Tuesday, April 24, 4:15-
5:15, Hill Aud.
Attendance is required at all lec-
tures. Each student must attend the
section for which she enrolls. Lec-
tures will start promptly at 4:15.
Students, College of Literature,
Science, and the Arts: Election cards
filed after the end of the first week
of the semester may be accepted by
the Registrar's Office only if they
are approved by Associate Dean
The next meeting of P.H.P. 220.
Introduction to Mental Health, will
take place at 7:30 Wednesday, March
21, in Rm. 35 Angell Hall.
Seminar in Transfinite Numbers:
The first meeting will be Tuesday,
March 13, at 3 p.m. in Rm. 2014 A.H.
Botany 146: Tropical Economic
Botany. The class will be held, for
one week only, on Tuesday evening
March 13, instead of Wednesday,
March 14. Carl D. LaRue.
Mathematics 300: The group to
By Crockett Johnson
Mr. Dormant's peculiarities are
beginning to worry me... I have
tried all morning to get in to
see him to discuss Dormant &
Company's attitude toward this
O'Malley we are hearing about
z' U F took
His brain is as sound as Dormant
securities! He's already okayed
a hundred million dollar issue
of O'Malley Debenture Bonds!
The Old Man is still in (
there pitching, Boggs-
full of water? L
got w itnesses-
C*yigl *"'S''h. M '' ptMIc
Whose office? , Mr. Dormant's?
THE Mr. Dormant? Well-er-
it sure goes to show, don't it?
Never trust no eye-witnesses!
Next time come around with
your inside tips earlier, son.
I see here O'Malley
ANNOOMMIT-1 I I
. and'Barnaby was in that
private office. Chatting with
Mr. Dormant, himself! And--
But that's not all!..'.. Later, we
heard that Dormant & Company
is floating an O'Malley Bonds
e tvu_ _nn1-thn :,.i
.. But, Barnaby, of course,
insists it's HIS Mr. O'Malley,
that silly Fairy Godfather-