THE MIIC&iAGN DAILY
Big Five Wins Out!
Small Powers Battle Unsuccessfully
As Longest Conference Fight Ends
By The Associated Press
SAN FRANCISCO, June 13-The
longest and perhaps bitterest battle
of the United Nations Conference
ended today in defeat for small pow-
ers and the sealing of Big Five veto
control over peace - enforcement
mechanism of a new world league.
Little countries, with Australia in
Orientation advisers for men
who will enter the University this
summer are badly needed. Any
man, registered for the summer
term, who will be in Ann Arbor
June 27 to June 30 and would
like to be an adviser is urged to
report to the Union Student Of-
fices today and tomorrow 3-5 p.m.
In Illness Rate
Student Health Higher
Now Than in May '44
"Student health has been unusually
favorable this year," Dr. Warren E.
Forsythe, Director of the University
Healtl Service, said yesterday.
Chance is the only explanation for
most of the variation in sickness rates
among students in the months of
April and May, 1944 and 1945, Dr.
Forsythe added,. That the total num-
ber of clinic calls, infirmary admis-
sions, and University Hospital admis-
sions per 1,000 students enrolled in
the University have decreased in. May,
1945, as compared to May, 1944, is
indicated by the Health Service's
monthly report. The number of x-
ray examinations, acute appendicitis
cases, and fractures also decreased in
Colds in general, glandular fever,
and German measles, on the other
hand, have been more abundant in
May, 1945, than they were in May,
1944. There was also considerable
variation in sickness rates between
the months of April and May for
each of these years.
Skills To Determine
Type of Employment
DAYTON, O., June 13 -(A)- The
Air Technical Service Command of
the AEF is going virtually to the bed-
sides of returned wounded aircrew-
men who are eligible for discharge,
to offer them Civil Service employ-
ment in line with skills acquired in
Colonel Ralph Memo, Chief of
ATSC base service personnel at
Wright Field, said today that approx-
imately 900 veterans had taken ad-
vantage of the command's two-
months old placement program "and
we want more."
Thus assured a quick return to
civilian jobs, the returnees are being
distributed among 127 ATSC install-
ations throughout the United States.
Officer On Tour
"A gunner who loses an arm in
combat has lost none of his skill as
an armaments expert," explained one
officer, midway of a tour of AAF con-
valescent centers, "A pilot incapaci-
tated for further flight duty may be.
just the man we need for laboratory
flight research. A radio operator,
disqualified for combat, may find
exactly the job to suit him as a ci-
vilian radio technician."
Colonel Henry W. Berg, chief of
ATSC civilian personnel, said every
effort is being made to employ dis-
charged veterans "as long as vacan-
cies exist and in capacities that will
make use of their skills in a manner
beneficial both to them and to the
To Give Speech
"Chapultepec, San Francisco and
the Road Beyond" will be the subject
of a speech to be given by Dr.
Hayward Keniston, dean of the Col-
lege of Literature, Science, and the
Arts, at the annual dinner meeting
of the World Study Council of De-
troit on Thursday, June 21.
Dr. Keniston was Cultural Rela-
tions Attache at the U. S. Embassy
in Buenos Aires, Argentina, from
October, 1942, to October, 1944.
the van, fought hard but unsuccess-
France and the United States from
having a veto over peaceful settle-
ment of disputes.
The big powers had put it squarely
up to them to accept a complete veto
or run the risk that the great nations
wouldn't ratify the charter for a new
United Nations organization.
Yalta Formula Upheld
On the showdown, the opposition
mustered a skimpy two votes against
the veto-voting formula worked out
at the Roosevelt-Churchill-Stalin
meeting at Yalta this spring.
Fifteen nations abstained from vot-
The voting formula will require
unanimity among the Big Five on
all ballots in the League's Security
Council on action to preserve peace.
The veto would be inapplicable to
peaceful settlement of a dispute to
which one of the great powers was
a party and hence would be barred
The formula applying to the 11-
member council says:
1. Each member should have one
2. Decisions on procedural mat-
ters such as discussion of a dispute
should be made by an affirmative
vote of any seven members.
3. Decisions on "all other mat-
ters" should be made by an affirma-
tive vote of seven members, includ-
ing the concurring votes of all the
Big Five, provided that on peaceful
settlement a party to a dispute should
abstain from voting.
With the veto issue settled-ex-
cept for the formality of ratification
in a commission and in a full plen-
ary session of the conference, dele-
gates saw the path of their delibera-
tions smoothing out.
By The Associated Press
WASHINGTON, June 13- Labor
unions expressed vigorous opposition
today to peacetime draft proposals.
Before the house postwar military
policy committee which has been
studying the plan, spokesmen for the
American Federation of Labor, the
Congres of Industrial Organizations,
and the United Automobile Workers
(CIO) united in urging improved
health and educational facilities in-
stead of universal military training.
The AFL's views were presented by
Lewis G. Hines, national legislative
representative; the CIO's by Nathan
E. Cowan, chairman of the legisla-
tive committee, and the UAW's by
Loren Gray, Detroit, of the UAW-
CIO veterans' department.
"We want the fighters and the
workers to decide their children's fu-
ture," Cowan said, "not the arm-
chair strategists far removed from
the tragedies of battles and the in-
conveniences of mushroom cities."
Hines advocated "a comprehensive
program of improved education and
health service" as a substitute for
peacetime draft legislation.
Gray replaced R. J. Thomas, who
had been scheduled to present the
He urged that Congress defer ac-
tion "at least until the present war
is over and until we have had an
opportunity to try to build a lasting
peace through international friend-
ship and cooperation."
Help in Homes
By Dean Bromage
Wmen students who have been
earning part of their expenses at the
University of Michigan by working
in private homes for their room and
board this year have made a great
success of the undertaking, accord-
ing to Mrs. Mary C. Bromage, assist-
ont dean of women.
The householders, chiefly faculty
families, have expressed satisfaction
with the arrangement which is based
on three hours of housework, per-
formed daily by the student in return
for her room and full board, Mrs.
Brorr age said.
Dua to the housing shortage, it is
expected that students who might
ordinarily seek other employmenit
will prefer to work for room and
board during the summer or fall
terms and thus make sure of a place
Students To Apply
Students wishing to secure room
and board by working for it in this
way should apply now at the Office
of the Dean of Women where they
will fill out employment application
cards and be interviewed by Mrs.
Householders, particularly those
connected with the University, are
requested to notify the Office of
the Dean of Women if they wish to
have students live and work in their
homes now or next fall.
The University biological station,
located between Douglas and Burt
Lakes in northern Michigan, will
again this summer provide an out-
door teaching laboratory for approxi-
mately 140 students.
Enrollment at the station includes
students from 25 states, from Mass-
achusetts to California and from
Minnesota to Florida, Brazil, and
Puerto Rico. At present, 84 women
are enroled, with 32 single men and
seven married couples. About half
the group are graduate students in
the field of botany and biology.
Registration will be June 23, and
classes will begin June 25 and run
for eight weeks. Dr. Alfred H. Stock-
ard will return as director, and most
of the former faculty will remain.
Before the war students came from
as far as the Upper Peninsula. Trav-
erse City, and Grayling in their field
work. However, gas restrictions and
old motor equipment are expected to
limit them to a 25-mile radius this
Sent to Library
Poem by Swinburne
Published in Marianas
A pamphlet containing the poem
"An Old Saying" by Algernon C.
Swinburne, English poet, was sent
to the Clements Library by a naval
officer somewhere in the Marianas.
This pamphlet is analogous to the
"L'imprimerie Royale de L'Esadre"
imprints of the French Fleet press, off
today are rare and valuable Ameri-
The pamphlet, published in the
Marianas, contains an introduction
by Robert Graves, an English writer,
and personal notes of the naval of-
ficer, Lt. John Mayfield,
P OCT URE N1E WS
S U P P LI E R - Maj. Gen:
Henry S. Aurand (above) has
been named commanding gen-
eral of the U. S. Army services
of supply for our forces in the
M A N I L A H A R B 0 R B U S Y A GLA I N.-New floating pier No. 9 is shown in use in South
harbor, Manila bay, expediting the movement of troops toward shore in trucks.
P R 1-N C E S S E S W I N C U P-Princess Elizabeth (left) and
Princess Margaret Rose of England hold the silver cup awarded
them as first prize at the Royal Windsor horse show./
O U T DO OR OFF I C E -- First Sgt. John Pavesich of Mc-
Donald, O., works at an improvised desk in the "orderly room"
of a 7th AAF lighter unit on Okinawa. The headquarters mascot
is Rum and Coke. a veteran of Saipan.
Disposal of German Munitions
Presents Allies with Problem
L I D I C E M E M 0 R I A L - Mario Korbel, Czech sculptor,'
puts finishing touches on his working model of a memorial to
the village of Lidice, obliterated by the Nazis in one of the war's
most horrible atrocities.
By HENRY B. JAMESON
Associated Press Correspondent
LONDON -The Allies are faced
with a problem in deciding how best
to dispose of millions of tons of cap-
tured German armament and ammu-
So far no satisfactory solution has
been reached by the Army or the
military government industrial ex-
perts, military sources here say.
Tagged for Japan
However, reports from the 21st
Army group indicate that considera-
ble amounts of the Nazi ammunition
Sarah Gordon Will
Give Piano Recital
Selections by Bach, Brahms, Mo-
zart and Hindemith will highlight a
piano recital to be presented by
Sarah Hanby Gordon, student in the
School of Music. at 8 p.m. EWT (7
collected so far has been tagged for
use against Japan.
Huge dumps of Nazi tanks, guns
and other armament which are scat-
tered up and down the length and
breadth of the Reich can be disposed
of, in the course of time, as scrap
metal, but the stocks of ammunition
and high explosive fall into an en-
tirely different category.
At the present time every available
ammunition expert of the Royal
Army Ordnance Corps is engaged in
checking up on captured stocks in
the British sector of northern Ger-
many, a war office observer reports.
He said that all automatic 9 mm
caliber small arms were being oiled
and stored in Hamburg to await
transportation to the Far East where
they will be used against the Japa-
nese by British troops.
Arms To Be Shipped
"All captured small arms ammuni-
tion of this caliber will be shipped at
the same time for use in these weap-
nn- nr in mir Stn nuns which a