Partly Cloudy with Little
Change in Temperature.
VOL. LV, No. 172
ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, THURSDAY, JUNE . 14, 1945
PRICE FIVE CENTS
To Hold Early Meeting;
Air Strip; Near Capital
MacArthur Reports Eight-Mile Advance;
New Landing Made on Borneo West Coast
London Poles Protest Conference
* x *
By The Associated Press
LONDON, June 13-Poland's gov-
ernment-in-exile here refused today
to recognize the authority of the
three major powers to supervise the
formation of a new Polish national
unity administration at a confer-
ence set to open .Friday in Moscow.
London's Poles assailed the pro-
posed meeting as an outright conces-
sion to Russia and clung tenaciously
to the hope that the Moscow nego-
tiations would break down.
In a tense and troubled atmo-
sphere they planned tentatively to
hold an emergency cabinet session
to place before the world-and par-
ticularly before American Poles-a
formal protest against the latest
development in their relations with
The Moscow radio said tonight the
representtives of the provisional Pl-
ish government at Warsaw had ar-
rived in Moscow for the conference.
The delegation, headed by Presi-
dent Boleslaw Beirut, was met at
the airport by Foreign Commissar
Vyacheslav Molotov and other Soviet
The exiled Poles obviously were
indignant over the fact that they
were not consulted about the pro-
posed meeting. One of them sug-
gested, privately, that the govern-
ment here had been deserted out-
right by Britain and the U. S., in
return for Russia's relaxation of
her veto demand at San Francisco.
It appeared obvious, at any rate,
that the status of the London group
in its relations with the western
allies had plummeted to the lowest
point since it sought refuge here
after Poland's fall in 1939. Failure
of the U. S. and Britain to consult
the exiled government about the
forthcoming meeting was an unus-
ual diplomatic step, since both coun-
tries maintain formal relations with
the London group.
The formation of a Polish gov-
ernment without the inclusion of
the London group would pose a
number of difficult questions. Per-
haps chief of these is what will
happen to the Polish army, many
of whose leaders profess loyalty to
the exiled government. Another
would center around the disposition
of Polish assets, as well as debts,
which at present are on the books
of the London administration.
British quarters both here and in
Moscow continued to caution against
over-optimism that Friday's confer-
ence would settle the Polish prob-
lem, yet none of those questioned
went so far as to say he did not think
a settlement was possible.
To Hold Meeting
Two districts of the Alumni Asso-
ciation will hold annual conferences
this weekend, the Association office
Meeting in Philadelphia today, the
Second District will discuss Latin-
American Relations and plans to send
the movie, "Michigan on the March,"
to as many South American coun-
tries as possible.
Assistance by University alumni to
returning veterans will be the topic
of the First District Annual Confer-
ence Saturday in Roxbury, New York.
T. Hawley Tapping, general secre-
tary of the Association, will attend
Today The Men's Glee Club and
the University Concert
Band will present a con-
cert at '7:15 p.m.' EWT
(6:15 p.ni. CWT) on the
General Library steps.
Today The Mathematics Club
will hold a tea from 4 to
6 p. m. EWT (3to 5p. m.
CWT) in the Assembly
Room of Rackham Build-
Today The Ralph Niephus Club
of Ann Arhor will hold a
HARRY HOPKINS BACK FROM MOSCOW MISSION-Harry Hop-
kins (right) talks with reporters at National Airport at Washington,
D. C., after arrival by plane to report to President Truman on his mis-
sion to Moscow. Hopkin's trip to Russia was as the President's special
'Aunt Ruth' Needs Requests
From Servicemen for Dailies
Hope of Accord
In Polish Issue
By The Associated Press
WASHINGTON, June 13-Presi-
dent Truman jubilantly disclosed to-
day the definite setting of an early
"Big Three" meeting and said there
are prospects for a complete settle-
ment of the Polish issue.
Obviously elated over confidential
reports from Harry Hopkins and Jo-
seph E. Davies, his special emis-
saries, the President announced to a
1. While he cannot divulge the
time or place, upon which all have
agreed, he will meet soon with
Marshal Stalin and Prime Minister
Churchill to iron out any remain-
ing difference among the Big
2. The results of the Hopkins and
Davies missions have been completely
"satisfactory and gratifying" and
very pleasant yielding by Russia on
some points has clarified three power
3. He has every hope a free and
democratic election among the Pol-
ish people will grow out of a con-
ference June 15 to seek a compro-
mise basis for the reorganization
of the provisional Polish govern-
4. James F. Byrnes, former War
Mobilization director, will accompany
him to the "Big Three" meeting
along with Secretary of State Stet-
tinius; Hopkins; Davies; Fleet Ad-
miral William D. Leahy, presiden-
tial chief of staff, and Charles G.
Meanwhile the British radio said
it was reported from Copenhagen
without confirmation that the Danish
capital would be the site of the "Big
Three" meeting. There was no White
Asserting the Polish problem
which long has disturbed relations
among the Big Three is on the road
to a settlement, the President
pleaded that nothing be done on
this side of the Atlantic to muddy
the waters by raising questions as
to final acquiescence by present
members of the London Polish gov-
He said that he could say categor-
ically that Hopkins in one of his
four conferences with Premier Sta-
lin, was instrumental in Russia's de-
cision to recede from its previously
film stand at San Francisco.
The Russians, until after Hopkins
had talked with the Soviet leader,
had insisted upon the right of any
of the big powers to veto a discus-
sion of international disputes.
All Petitions Must Be
Submitted by Friday
Offices of president and secretary
of the Men's Judiciary Council for
the fall term, 1945-46, will be open
to those male students who submit
their petitions before 5 p. m. EWT
Friday to the Student Offices of the
Any person able to present a Uni-
versity eligibility card may petition
for the offices. The men chosen to
fill the offices must secure new eligi-
bility cards for the fall term in
Formal petitions may be picked up
between 3 and 5 p. m. EWT any day
this week in the Student Offices.
Candidates will be interviewed by the
present Council members Monday
afternoon. The successful men will
be selected by the retiring Council
and Dean Joseph Bursley.
By The Associated Press
MANILA, Thursday, June 14-Aus-
tralian troops have seized Brunei air
strip in an eight-mile advance and
have pressed to within two miles of
Brunei, capital of the British pro-
tectorate in northwest Borneo, Gen.
Douglas MacArthur announced to-
Simultaneously, another force
landed on Borneo's west coast only
two miles east of the capital, catch-
ing Brunei in a vise from the east
The forces that moved in from the
sea advanced inland swiftly and
seized high ground commanding the
capital's water front.
The Australians to the north of
Labuan island, commanding Brunei
Bay, were reported eliminating an
enemy force west of the captured
Labuan air field and were striking on
north to within two miles of Timbalai
Naval Guns in Battle
Allied warplanes continued to give
the ground forces close support while
naval units also brought their guns
into the battle.
Ontnortheastern Luzon, in the
Philippines mop-up, bombers and
fighters ripped at enemy positions
blocking the way to the broad Cagay-
an Valley, where the largest force of
Japanese still in the islands may be
brought to bay.
Ground forces broke Japanese re-
Glee Club, Band
To Give Final
Marches, service tunes, Michigan
songs and concert numbers will be
featured on the traditional all-cam-
pus "final fling" to be presented by
the Varsity GleerClub and University
Concert Band from 7:15 to 9 p. m.
EWT (6:15 p. m. CWT) today on the
Under the direction of Prof. David
Mattern, members of the Men's Glee
Club will highlight their program
with a Negro spiritual, "Set Down
Servant" and Fred Waring's ar-
rangement of "The Battle Hymn of
the Republic." Jerome Horwitz, Ray-
mond Buntaine and Harold Kulbarsh
will be featured soloists, and several
stunt numbers will be performed.
In the absence of Prof. William D.
Revelli, band conductor who is re-
cuperating from a recent operation,
nine student conductors will direct
the band program. Henry Busche,
assistant to Prof. Revelli; will direct
the band in a medley of service tunes,
including "Anchors Aweigh," the
"Marine Hymn," Army Air Corps
song and "Caissons," and also in
"Varsity" and "Victors."
"Manx Overture" by Wood, heard
on the band's recent spring concert,
will be conducted by Busche, while
a Goldman march, "Shenandoah"
will be directed by Lois Parker, grad-
uate student, will conduct Strauss'
"Perpetual Motion." Barbara Litch-
field, head librarian, will lead Rach-
maninoff's "Italian Polka," and two
popular composition, "King Cotton,"
a Sousa march, and Texidor's "Am-
parito Roca" will be conducted by An-
thony Desiderio and Mary Lou Nigro.
Glee Club Chooses
Leonard Wheaton was elected pres-
ident of the Varsity Glee Club for
the coming year at a recent meeting.
Other officers will be Philip Sted-
ding, vice president; Richard Miller,
secretary; Raymond Buntaine, li-
brariai; and Richard Sokatch, man-
Glee club keys for outstanding
service were distributed to 19 rnem-
sistance in Oroung pass, only five
road miles from the entrance to the
valley at San Luis, and pressed on.
They were seven miles northeast of
Bagabag, captured earlier this week.
On the southern island of Mina-
nao mopping up operations sped for-
ward with the elimination of a num-
ber of by-passed pockets in the vicin-
ity of Wangan, northwest of Davao
Port. Additional high ground was
cleared north of Mandog in the same
Once more long-range bombers
prowled the skies of the southwest
Pacafic and adjacent areas, attack-
ing shipping and Japanese land tar-
Struthers Burt Will
Give Annual Lecture
Winners among the fifty-nine stu-
cents who entered manuscripts in
the spring Hopwood Contests will re-
ceive notices of their prizes today,
and at 4 p.m. EWT (3 p.m. CWT)
tomorrow will learn what place their
manuscripts hold in the contests.
Winners will be announced at the
conclusion of the annual lecture, to
be given this year by novelist Struth-
ers Burt on "The Unreality of Real-
ism" at Rackham Lecture Hall.
To Meet Burt
Contestants have been invited to
meet Burt from 10 a.m. to noon EWT
(9 a.m. to 11 a. m. CWT) Friday in
the Hopwood Room. The Hopwood
Committee and others who worked
o contest arrangements have sched-
uled a luncheon at the Union for
On display in the window of a
campus bookstore are books written
by Hopwood winners which have
been published in the last 12 months.
Volumes displayed which won Hop-
wood Awards are those written by
Rene Kuhn. Marianne Meisel (Mar-
ianne Roane), Florence Maple, and
Published Books Listed
"Situation Normal" was written by
Arthur Miller , who won a minor
award in drama in 1937; Hubert
Skidmore who won a major award in
drama in 1933 has published "Valley
of the Sky" this year; Dorothy Don-
nelly, a major award winner in poe-
try in 1931, published "The Bone and
the Star," a book of verse; and John
Malcolm Brinnin, a major poetry
winner in °1940, has published his
third volume of poems in "No Arch,
William Kehoe's 1944 prize winner,
"A Sweep of Dusk," is the most re-
cent novel to be published. Kehoe
won minor Hopwood awards in his
first three years as a University stu-
dent, and was a Gargoyle staff mem-
ber and drama critic for The Daily.
Beer and liquor licenses of four
establishments, three in Ann Arbor
and one in Ypsilanti, were suspended
yesterday on charges of selling to
and furnishing intoxicating bever-
ages to a minor.
At a hearing held by the liquor
control commission at Michigan State
Police headquarters the Campus
Drug received a 15 day suspension for
a first offense. The Main Street
Grocery and the Miner Street Gro-
cery received 60 day suspensions for
Ends of Lice
Marines Kill 3,500
In Nine-Day Battle
By The Associated Press
GUAM, June 14, Thursday-Maj.
Gen. Lemuel C. Shepherd, Jr.'s Sixth
Marine Division shattered Japanese
resistance on Okinawa's Oroku Pen-
insula Wednesday after nine days
of bitter fighting in which 3,500 Jap-
anese were killed.
On the outflanked Yaeju Escarp-
ment line of other enemy forces along
the southern end of the island, other
10th Army units broke through heavy
resistance. On the eastern end, Maj.
Gen. Archibald V. Arnold's Seventh
Infantry Division "Brought under
control most of the rim of the escarp-
ment in its zone of action."
Arnold's infantrymen gained 400
yards beyond the town of Hanagu-
On the western end, Maj. Gen.
Pedro A. Del Valle's First Marine
Division strengthened its hold on vital
Kunishi Ridge. No mention was made,
however, of any move toward another
elevation to the south necessary com
pletely to turn the escarpment line
at that end.
In the center of the escarpment
line, Maj. Gen. James L. Bradley's
96th Infantry Division pushed for-
ward 400 yards and reached the out-
skirts of Ozato town.
With both flanks buckling, the
Japanese fought back with every-
thing they had-artillery, mortars,
demolition charges, suicidal attacks
and a new type of shell with a small
propeller attached which made a
weird howling noise.
The report that one Marine com-
pany in 36 hours of battling on the
west flank had suffered 137 casual-
ties, -more than half its strength,
testified to the ferocity of the cl-
On the'West, Maj. Gen. Pedro A.
Del Valle's First Marine Division
marched from the ruins of the coast
town of Itoman and without losing
a man captured comamnding Kunishi
Ridge, more than half a mile south-
east of Itoman.
Hit by Bombs
Air Attacks Go Into
Sixth Straight Day
GUAM, Thursday, June 14-(3)-
Carrying the air attacks on Japan
through the sixth straight day, Oki-
nawa-based planes attacked Kan-
oya and Kushira air bases on Kyu-
shu Tuesday, a fleet communique re-
ported today. Bombs and rockets
The Kanoya naval base was a tar-
get recently of carrier planes from
Adm. William F. (Bull) Halsey's
The Tuesday raiders dived through
intense anti-aircraft fire to accom-
plish their mission.
The virtual around-the-clock raids
on Japan have been maintained by
B-29s, Navy and Army fighters.
Today's communique reported no
enemy air activity at Okinawa Tues-
Liberators and Privateers of Fleet
Airwing 18, based at Okinawa, main-
tained the shipping blockade around
Nippon's main island of Honshu Wed-
nesday. They sank a small cargo
ship and damaged smaller craft.
Flynn To Speak,
To Niefus Club
Miss Elizabeth Gurley Flynn, na-
tional vice-president of the Com-
munist Political Association and a
trade union leader, will be guest
speaker at the Ralph Nief us Club of
the Ann ArborCommunist Political
Association at 8 p. m. EWT (7 p. m.
CWT) today in Unity Hall, State and
A foram on ".Roosevelt's Herit-
age and the Road Ahead" will be
Participants in the forum will be
Dr. John F. Shepard, professor of
psychology at the University; Hon.
Frank Seymour, Alderman in Ypsi-
"Aunt Ruth" Buchanan, who sends
Dailies to an ever-increasing number
of former University students in the
armed services, yesterday asked that
the men send formal requests to The
Daily for copies of the paper.
Because of a new postal ruling,
papers and magazines are not being
sent overseas without definite re-
quests from °those who wish to re-
ceive them. All those who have been
sending subscriptions of the Daily
to men in the Navy, Marines and
Tru mian1 R(,.ps
WASHINGTON, June 13 -UP) -
President Truman took a hand today
in the fight over wartime price con-
trol, personally opposing and appar-
ently dooming the Senate's cost-plus
plan for pricing farm products.
The plan, sponsored by Senator
Wherry (R--Neb., was attached as
an amendment to a bill extending
the Office of Price Adminiistration';;
powers for a year. The bill recently
passed the Senate.
A second sizzling controversy
popped up today as House Republi-
cans launched a drive to limit the
OPA continuation to six months.
Other fast-moving developments
in a day of many-sided OPA argu-
1. The National Association of
Manufacturers, while favoring OPA
extension, asked the House banking
committee to write in an amendment
requiring OPA to allow "fair profits"
with "prices high enough to encour-
2. The CIO demanded a straight
extension, accusing some of those
proposing amendments of seeking "to
des u oy price control."
3. The National Association of Re-
tail Growers called upon Congress
for one-man control of all govern-
nment functions pertaining to food.
including price control and ration-
rp D .
Coast Guard should bring such a
request, to The Daily.
Since the start of the war, "Aunt
Rauth" has corresponded and sent pa-
pers to Michigan men who now num-
ber over 1700. From them she has
received a collection of letters con-
To My Nephews:
Due to the new postal regula-
tions covering the mailing of pa-
pers and magazines to the rmem-
hers of the Navy, Marines and
Coast Guard, the rolls of Dailies
which I have been sending out can
no longer reach you However, if
each one of you will notify the
editor immediately, you will re-
ceive the Sunday paper dirert from
the Daily office as arrangements
have already been made so that
you may continue to have the cam-
taining reminiscences, war experi-
ences and comments on the sights
they are seeing. The letters are being
saved at the Rackham Building, and
after the. Nar they will be edited and
pllliisl'd in book form.
A meeting for students inter-
ested in working on The Daily
editorial staff during the summer
session will be held at 4 p. m.
EWT (3 p. m. CWT) tomorrow
in the Student Publications Build-
ing conference room.
Students interested in working
on the summer directory during
the first few weeks of the summer
term should call Norma Johnson,
LUXURY OF LEISURE FOR ALL:
Thomas Sees Two-Day Week Ahead
"It seems a shame that man has to
work six days a week when with
modern technology more fully devel-
oped he need work only two," Ken-
will put a new emphasis oq educa-
tion - education for leisure."
For the non-scientifically-minded,
Thomas explained that uranium, one
As an example of how work might
be decreased, he pointed out that
man need not spend eight hours a
day six days a week shopelling coal
cessfully with radioactivity and
had designs for its use in their
future rocket ships."
"The Army may have developed