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June 08, 1945 - Image 1

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The Michigan Daily, 1945-06-08

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WEATHER

Mostly Cloudy with
Light Showers

VOL. LV, No. 167 ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, FRIDAY, JUNE 8, 1945

PRICE FIVE CENTS

'Big

Five'

Given

Veto

11

World

Disputes

.;

World Bank
Plan Sent to
Upper House
Both Parties Join
In Approving Bill
By The Associated Press
WASHINGTON, June 7-By a re-
sounding 345-to-18 vote, the House
passed and sent to the Senate today
legislation ratifying the Bretton
Woods agreements setting up a world
bank and monetary stabilization
fund.
Applause greeted Speaker Ray-
burn's announcement of the vote, in
which 205 Democrats were joined by
138 Republicans and two minor party
members in the overwhelming ap-
proval of the measure. All the 18
"no" votes were cast by Republicans.
Secretary Morgenthau immedi-
ately hailed the decision, saying
the House "has spoken forcefully
for the principle of international
cooperation." He said in a state-
ment it presages "an era of world
cooperation which will lead to pros-
perity for all."
The United States is the first of
the 44 nations to act on ratifica-
tion legislation.
As outlined by Treasury depart-
ment officials, here is how the Bret-
ton Woods agreements would work:
WORLD BANK
1. Encourage international invest-
meit in productive enterprise in war
devastated countries and develop-
ment of natural resources, public
utilities and industries in underde-
veloped countries. The bank would
guarantee loans by private lenders
and make some loans out of its own
resources.
2. Male long-term currency stabil-
ization loans to countries whose
money encounters difficulty.
3. Each member nation would share
in the bank risks in proportion to
the stock it held.
Of the $9,100,000,000 bank capital,
the United States would subscribe
$3,175,000,000. Members would pay
in at the start 10 percent of their
subscription, which would mean
$317,500,000 for the United States.
FUND
1. Stabilize currencies of all co-
operating nations in terms of gold.
2. Progressively remove barriers
against making payments across
international boundaries.
3. Provide a revolving fund of
foreign exchange for member
countries to enable them in times
of stress to maintain stable and
unrestricted currency relationships.
Of the $8,500,000,000 fund assets
the United States would subscribe
$2,750,000,000.
The ratification legislation makes
no change whatever in the language
of the agreements drawn at Bretton
Woods. It does, however, "interpret"
the language.
State Delegates Vote
For Bretton Woods
WASHINGTON, June 7-(')-Nine
Republicans and five, Democrats in
Michigan's congressional delegation
voted for legislation ratifying the
Bretton Woods agreements today.
The roll call showed:
Democrats for: Dingell, Hook, Le-
sinski, O'Brien, Sadowski.
Republicansfor: Blackney, Craw-
ford, Dondero, Engel, Hoffman,
Jonkman, Michener, Wolcott, Wood-
ruff.
Absent or not voting were Rabaut,
Democrat, and Shafer and Bradley.
Republicans

Inter-Guild Council Elects
Officers at Conference
The Inter-Guild Council elected its
officers for the coming year at a re-
cent Spring Conference.
Priscilla Hodges was elected presi-
dent, Ann Davis, secretary and Har-
riet Jackson, treasurer.
CAMPUS EVENTS
Today The final S.R.A. Coffee
Hour of the semester will
be held from 4 to 6 p. m.
FWT (3 to 5 CWT} at
Lane Hall.
Today Gamma Delta, Lutheran
student club, will hold a
banquet at 6:30 p. m.

Barber Chair
Readers Rebuked
PONTIAC, MICH., June 7-01P)
-The State Barbers Association
frowns on the practice of patrons
reading in barber chairs.
Besides being annoying, the bar-
bers complain, concentration on a
newspaper or magazine stiffens
the reader's neck.
Before the association at its
annual convention yesterday
adopted a resolution discouraging
the practice, one barber exclaimed,
"no one would think of reading a
newspaper while getting a tooth
pulled."
175 Persons
Attend Initial
Youth Meeting
Constitutional Draft
Presented for Council
More than 175 persons attended
the Worlda Youth Council organiza-
tional meeting held yesterday, at
which . a constitutional draft was
presented, a permanent name was
voted upon and plans for a second
all-campus meeting were made.
This meeting will be held at 4:15
EWT (3:15 CWT) Tuesday at Lane
Hall, at which time a permanent con-
stitution will be approved, summer
term representatives from member
organizations will take office and
plans for the summer term will be
made.
Will Meet Monday
There also will be a meeting at 4
p. m. EWT (3 p. m. CWT) Monday
at Lane Hall for all members of the
temporary Executive Board to discuss
the selection of a University dele-
gate to attend the Washington Youth
Conference to be held June 25 aild
26. Post-War Council has volunteer-
ed to raise funds to pay the delegate's
expenses.
Yesterday's meeting was opened
with a declaration of organizational
purpose by the temporary Executive
Board. "This organization, which
was inspired by the proposals of the
World Youth Council delegates, will
be a group through which University
students can take action to adopt a
foreign University destroyed by the
war and become a part of the world
youth movement by establishing con-
tact with other youth groups."
To Have Executive Board
The structure of the organization
will include a policy forming execu-
tive board composed of represent-
atives of various campus organiza-
tions, and several committees made
up of all interested persons. Campus
groups desiring membership in the
organization should elect a repre-
sentative for the Summer Term im-
mediately.
A constitutional draft, prepared by
the platform committee, was present-
ed, to which students were requested
to submit amendments. The com-
mittee will meet again to study the
proposed revisions and to draw up a
permanent constitution to be studied
at Tuesday's session.
Six possible names for the perma-
nent organization were agreed upon,
and decision as to the name finally
adopted will be left to the University
administration.

Osaka Bombed;
Troops Advance
In Nor't Luzon

Tenth Army
Forward on

Speeds
Okinawa

By The Associated Press
GUAM - High explosive bombs
dropped by American Superfortresses
along with some 3,000 tons of gasoline
jelly incendiaries scattered raging
fires through the arsenal and muni-
tions making area of Osaka today.
CHUNGKING-An official Chinese
announcement today claimed the cap-
ture of Tatang, 21 miles southwest of
Liuchow on the highways to Nan-
ning.
MANILA-Troops of the 37th Ohio
Division, thrusting rapidly north-
wards through the gorge leading to
the Cagayan valley of Northern Lu-
zon, captured the town of Babbang
and advanced three miles beyond it,
within four and one-half miles of the
key road junction of Bayombang,
Gen. MacArthur disclosed today.
In central Luzon, the Japanese
were cleared from defended positions
in the rugged mountains east of
Manila, MacArthur's communique
said.
Both operations were supported by
planes which dropped 200 tons of
bombs on the enemy.
OKINAWA-U. S. 10th Army push-
ed more than a mile south of cap-
tured Naha airfield Friday on Oki-
nawa's southwest coast, drove into
escarpment of southern tip and made
amphibious landings on Oshima,
small island at base of Chinen penin-
sula. Japanese killed through June
6 totalled 66,324.
SOUTHWEST PACIFIC-Air force
stepped up air attacks on Brunei bay
sector of northwest Borneo; U. S.
Sixth Army elements on Luzon cap-
tured Bambang in gorge leading to
Cagayaf valley; U. S. Eighth Army
elements scored limited gains against
stiffening resistance on Mindanao;
Gen. Joseph W. Stilwell disclosed to
have conferred with Gen. Douglas
MacArthur in Manila.
Plate, Perlis
Are Appointed
Union Officers
James Plate of Lima, 0., was re-
elected president of the Union for
the Summer Term, and Sanford
Perlis, Detroit, was chosen secretary
by the Union Selection Committee
yesterday.
Plate, current president of the
Union, is a senior in the School of
Engineering. Vice-president of his
class, he has participated in Union
war activities for two semesters and
was a member of the, Social Commit-
tee for one term.
He also served as chairman of the
campus March of Dimes Drive last
January.
A junior in the Navy pre-medical
program, Perlis has served two se-
mesters as co-chairman with Plate
of the Union War Activities Commit-
tee which directed the University
Blood Bank. He is serving during the
current semester as co-chairman of
the Social Committee.
In the fall of 1944, Perlis was also
chairmanaof the committee which
planned" Homecoming Weekend.

GRADUATES WITH HONORS-Harry Nelson Upthegrove (left) of Ann Arbor was graduated second in
the order of merit at the U. S. Naval Academy JTune 6. The men who stood first and third in the class
of 1944, were Donald Grote Iselin of Racine, Wis. (center) and Harry Andrew Watson of San Antonio,
Tex. (right).
______ __-*

PRESS CONFERENCE:
Truman Vetoes 'Bigi Fe'
Meeting on Syrian Question

By The Associated Press
WASHINGTON, June 7-President
Truman, in a fast-moving news con-
ference, today vetoed a "Big Five"
meeting sought by France to explore
the dynamite-laden middle eastern
qute. '1.
However, he unfolded further plans
for the forthcoming "Big Three"
meeting on world affairs with Prime
Minister Churchill and Premier Sta-
lin, saying it would be held within 40
days. The President said he saw no
need for bringing other powers in on
this discussion.
Asked about a "Big Five" meeting
to settle the French dispute with Sy-
ria, the President said he would not
favor it and thought the difficulty
would be worked out on a lower level
basis.
The President said he had not seen
a note delivered by French Ambas-
sador Henri Bonnet inviting the U.
S., Britain, Russia and China to a
conference on the Near East but reit-
erated that he did not believe a Five-
Power meeting would be necessary.
Then in rapid order the President
announced:
1. The appointment of Navy Lt.
Paul M.Herzog as Chairman of the
National Labor Relations Board re-
placing H. A. Millis, who it was
explained is leaving because of poor
health.
2. The appointment of W. Stu-
Struthers Burt
To Give Annual
Hopwood Talk
Struthers Burt, well-known Amer-
ican author, will be the guest speak-
er at the Annual Hopwood- award
presentation at 4:30 p. m. EWT (3:30
p. in. CWT), Friday, June 15, in
Rackham Lecture Hall.
Winners of approximately $7,000 in
the major and minor awards in fic-
tion, drama, essay and poettry in the
1945 Spring Hopwood Contest will
be announced at the lecture.
Burt will speak on "The Unreality
of Realism." He was selected as the
speaker, according to Prof. Roy W.
Cowden, director of the Hopwood
Awards, because "he is very American
and very much alive."
Burt's latest book, "Philadelphia,
Holy Experiment," published this
year, is the biography of the Quaker
City and is a product of many years
experience in that city. "Along These
Streets" is also set in Philadelphia.
Born in Baltimore in 1882, he is a
graduate of Princeton and attended
oxford. His varied career includes
reporting, teaching and ranching as
well as writing novels, short stories,
poetry and non-fiction.
i 11

art Symington of St. Louis to suc-
ceed former Senator Guy M. Gil-
lette of Iowa as chairman of the
surplus property board when the
latter leaves July 15. The Presi-
dent said the question whether the
board is changed from a three to
a one man control is a matter for
Congress, not the White House, top
decide.
3. The resignation of GroverB.
Hill as Undersecretary of Agriculture
and the appointment of John B.
Hutson, Deputy Director of War
Mobilization, to succeed him. Hill is
a Texan, Hutson a Kentuckian.
4. His complete approval of the
report of Snpreme Court Justice
Robert Jackson calling for sure
punishment of Nazi criminals, even
if the U. S. should have to proceed
alone with the punishment of those
in its possession. However he did
not think such a course was neces-
sary since the British had acquies-
ced in an overall tribunal and he
believes the French and Russians
are likely to do so soon.
5. That America's position re-
garding the "Big Five" veto stale-
mate at the'Postwar Security Con-
ference would be discussed from
San Francisco shortly.
6. That the "Little Steel" Formula
limiting wages will stand as it is
for the present and the Government
will undertake an overall survey at a
later date to determine whether any
changes are required.
7. That members of the Senate
and House are grossly underpaid and
that he would sign legislation rais-
ing their salaries from the present
$10,000 a year to $15,000 to $25,000
if Congress should pass such a bill.
* * *
Bradiley A ppoin ted
To Veterans Post
WASHINGTON, June 7--IIP)-Pres-
ident Truman announced the ap-
pointment today of General Omar
Bradley as Administrator of Vet-
erans Affairs succeeding General
Frank T. Hines, resigned.

Former Student
Receives Honor
From Annapolis
Son of 'U' Professor
Rates Second in Class
A former University student and
Ann Arbor resident was graduated
second from the highest in. his class
of 1044 men at the Naval Academy
at Annapolis June 6.
He is Harry Nelson Upthegrove,
son of Professor and Mrs. Clair Up-
thegrove of 1417 Granger. Gradua-
tion from the Academy was accom-
panied by a commission as ensign in
the United States Navy.
Ens. Upthegrove entered the engi-
neering college of the University in
1940 upon graduation from Ann Ar-
bor high school. He studied naval
architecture and marine engineering
until 1942, when he took the com-
petitive Naval Reserve Officer exam
for entrance into Annapolis.
During June week ceremonies at
the Academy, Ens. Upthegrove was
awarded the National Women's Re-
lief Corps prize of a $100 bond for
proficiency in Rules of the Road.
In regimental organization he held
the rank of midshipman lieutenant
commander in the first group, mid-
shipman first petty officer in the
second and midshipman lieutenant
in the final group. Ens. Upthegrove
received class numerals in gymnas-
tics and in his plebe year qualified as
an expertrifleman.
$15,000 Left To Go
In 'U' Bond Drive
University bond sales have reached
$85,631.25 in the Seventh War Loan
drive, figures released yesterday in-
dicated.
Sales to date are less than $15,000
short of the quota of $100,000. The
drive will continue officially until
June 30.
Employes of the University Hospi-
tal will stage a second Hospital War
Bond Day tomorrow. Booths, staffed
by JGP girls, will be set up in the
main corridors for cash bond sales;
especially to reach monthly employes.
The University war bond commit-
tee feels that there are still several
persons who have bought bonds at
banks and other organizations with-
out fixed E bond quotas.

Free Hearing
Is Assured
For Nations
Stettinius Declares
Parley Speeded
By The Associated Press
SAN FRANCISCO, June 7-Secre-
tary of State Stettinius announced
formally today a big-five agreement
"assuring freedom of hearing and
discussion" on international disputes
in a world security council.
With this agreement, Stettinius
told an applauding news conference,
'e believed it would make it possible
for the Urfited Nations conference
to "proceed with promptness and
dispatch."
He expressed his confidence in the
successful condlusion of its all-im-
portant task in drafting a world
peace-keeping charter.
Under the agreement, Stettinius
explained in a formal statement, the
big five will have veto power over
"all decisions in the security coun-
cil relating to enforcement action
and - except as to parties to dis-
pates - in all decisions for peaceful
settlement."
Discussion Allowed
But the veto, he said, does not
apply "to the right of any nation to
bring a dispute before the council"
for discussion, and "no individual
member of the council can alone pre-
vent a consideration and discussion
by the council of a dispute or situa-
tion thus brought to its attention."
Russians on one side had been in-
sisting that the veto should apply
even to discussion of international
quarrels in the security council. The
rest of the big five - France, China,
Britain and the United States-con-
tended that it should not.
Their differences apparently were
composed by direct negotiations in-
volving President Truman and Pre-
mier Stalin.
Hopkins Leaves Moscow
Mr. Truman had a personal envoy,
Harry L. Hopkins, consulting with
Stalin. Hopkins left Moscow today
and Truman announced he expected
soon the declaration which Stettinius
issued this afternoon.
There was talk that the conference
may finish its task of writing the
charter for a world organization by
June 15.
Stettinius, however, would make no
forecast so exact. He told his news
conference it might require eight
days to two weeks.
Phi Eta Sigma
To Initiate 23
Men at Banquet
Twenty-three men, who have dis-
tinguished themselves' in freshmen
studies, will be initiated into Phi
Eta Sigma honorary society at the
initiation banquet to be held at
4:30 p. m. EWT (3:30 p. m. CWT),
Sunday, at they Union.
From Baker to Woodward
They are: Edward Baker, Morris
Bornstein, Charles Cadwick, George
Crossman, Robert Evans, Clyde Heaz-
lit, Newton Huntley, James Kemp,
John Lambe, Herbert Madalin, Eu-
gene Malitz, Richard Richards, Le-
roy Rodgers, Eugene Sikorovski, Rob-
ert H. Smith, Henry Smithies, Philip
Soloway, ' Kameo Sugino, Gilbert
Westa, John Whitcomb, Leon Wil-
liams, Philip Wittenberg and Doug-
las Woodward.
Evans, Kemp, Lambe and Whit-
comb will be initiated in absentia.
Brackett Will Speak

Prof. Robert D. Brackett of the
engineering English faculty will de-
liver the principal a'ddress and Dean
Joseph A. Bursley will also speak.
The welcoming address will be given
by Robert Epstein, treasurer of Phi
Eta Sigma.
The ritual of initiation will be led
by William Kiessel, president; Robert
Duff, vice-president; Murray Grant,
secretary; Henry Kaiser, historian;
and Epstein.
Noel Coward Plays
To Be Given Today
The last two performances of Noel
Coward's "Tonight at 8:30" will be
presented by Play Production at 8:30

LOGIE, DIGGS GUILTY:
Two Former State Senators
Convicted in Graft Conspiracy

MASON, Mich., June 7-(I)-A Cir-
cuit Court jury today convicted for-
mer State Senators Jerry T. Logie
of Bay City and Charles C. Diggs of
Detroit of participating in a 1941
graft conspiracy on a horse racing
bill.
Trial Judge John Simpson of Jack-
son immediately sentenced them to
serve four to five years in prison, with
three of the years to be served con-
Kuzma, TB Victim,
To Leave Hospital
Tom Kuzma, Wolverine left half-
back in 1941-42, will leave University
Hospital, where he has been con-

currently with their sentence in an-
other graft conspiracy case.
Counsel for both defendants, con-
victed last summer in the finance
graft conspiracy case and now free
on bond pending an appeal to the
State Supreme Court, said they would
appeal this case also. Logie and
Diggs were released after each post-
ed a $4,000 appeal bond.
The jury deliberated two hours and
50 minutes before returning the ver-
dict.
The former senators were accused
by Circuit Judge Leland W. Carr's
one-man grand jury of participating
in the conspiracy by accepting bribes
from former State Senator Chester
M. Howell of Saginaw to help defeat
the bill which would have regulated
na-.m niaiilhoffin -

BARBARA DUDD WINS:
Crosby's Pipe Awarded Coed
Who Bougrht Most War Bonds

Barbara Dudd, Chicago Lodge, coed
who bought the most war bonds on
campus dui'ing May, was awarded a
briar pipe presented by Bing Crosby
as first prize in the recently-conclud-
ed JGP bond-buying contest, it was
announced yesterday by in Lippin-
rnf..(, m a rm-n.

dormitory award, an autographed
picture of Thomas Dewey.
Alpha Epsilon Phi, sorority av-
eraging the highest investment per
member,won a photograph of Gin-
ger Rogers with a note of com-
mendation attached. Mrs. Hutch-
ings League House merited the
prize for independent women's

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