>, . II
VOL. LV, No. 165 ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, WEDNESDAY, JUNE 6, 1945
PRICE FIVE CENTS
Four Point Program Ur ged 1y Svend
Petersen, Danish Youth Group Leader
Allies Reduce Germany to1937S ize
Bombers Hit Japan's Largest Port
An, organizational meeting for all
students on campus will be held at
4:15 pa. tomorrow in Lane Hall, in
accordance with a united plea of the
five delegates from the San Fran-
cisco Conference who spoke to stu-
dents in an informal discussion yes-
In response to the leading ques-
tion, "What can we do?" Svend
As Bond Dive
Soaring nearly $30,000 in four days
of bond selling, the University total
reached $82,162.50 yesterday in the
campus campaign to sell $100,000
worth of war bonds during the Sev-
enth War Loan drive.
Lacking less than 20 per cent of
their goal, the University war bond
committee still hopes to go over their
quota before the end of this first
week of June.
Volunteers Buy Majority
While approximately one-third of
the increase in sales figures comes
through the May payroll deductions,
the balance comes entirely from the
steady flow of individual bond orders
into the cashier's office.
Personnel of the combined army
units on campus bought nearly $50,-
000 worth of bonds during May,
figures released yesterday indicated.
Only a part of this will be credited
to the University total, but it repre-
sents an increase of over 1600 per
cent above the figures for April.'
During that month, local officers
bought $2,137.50 as compared with
$37,593.75 in May; enlisted personnel
bought $675 in April compared to
$10,605 in May; and attached civil-
ians, now contributing 100 per cent,
$56.25 as compared to $768.75. Civil-
ians connected with the army units
have in addition subscribed one-sixth
of their salaries to war bonds.
Reminders Promote Sales
Army increases are due partly to
the continual reminders posted daily
on bulletin boards, and the personal
contacts for promotion in the various
classes. Next week an appeal will be
made to new classes, and campus
coeds will be on hand t otake bond
Winners in the campus bond-buy-
ing contest will be announced Friday,
June 8, Ann Lippincott, general
chairman of JGP, disclosed yesterday.
Bing Crosby's favorite pipe, suit-
able for either smoking or saving as
a souvenir, and a black and red neck-
tie of-Bob Hope's which has been
photographed by movie cameras are
being offered as incentives for war-
Kate Smith's autobiographed auto-
biography, "Living in a Great Big
Way," and a cravat Schnabel wore
on a recent concert tour will also be
given to individual winners.
Messages congratulating the reci-
pient are attached to photographs of
celebrities in familiar poses-Ginger
Rogers in a silver evening gown,
Frank Sinatra grinning shyly, Nelson
Eddy smiling sedately, and Tom Dew-
ey with a smiling face and pipe in
Pedersen, Danish representative,
spoke for the group by outlining a
four-point plan in which American
youth can work with continental
youth organizations to ensure a just
and lasting peace for the world.
The essence of the program as de-
scribed by Pedersen is:
1. University students should
adopt a foreign university which
would entail the exchange of stu-
dents, and supplying that univer-
sity with needed books and mate-
rials in order that it may resume
normal activity. "During the years
of Nazi-domination, schools in oe-
cupied countries were stripped of
practically every form of educa-
tional facility," noted Maria Michel,
former medical student at a uni-
versity in Prague.
2. Plans should be made for the
conference, sponsored by American
Youth for a Free World, which will
be held June 25 and 26 in Wash-
3. A program should be formulated
to send to the 25. American delegates
who will attend the World Youth
Conference to be held in London
August 31 to Sept. 6. An equal num-
ber of representatives from France,
Russia, China, and Great Britain in
addition to proportionately smaller
delegations from other countries will
also partiipate in the conference.
4. Prepare an agenda for an In-
ternational You t Conference
which tentatively will be held Nov.
17 in either Paris or Prague.
The meeting to be held tomorrow
will be for the purpose of forming
an intra-campus organization to
carry out the four-point plan. Under
the sponsorship of the 12 University
groups who were instrumental in
bringing the delegates to Ann Arbor,
the meeting will be open to all other
crganizations and students regard-
less of their affiliation.
By The Associated Press
SAN FRANCISCO, June 5-The
United Nations Conference looked to
Washington, London and Moscow to-
day for guidance toward a solution
of the knotty veto issue, on which
France made known she would vote
with the United States against Rus-
At stake is the right of free dis-
cussion of events threatening peace
within the Security Council of a new
world league. Russia says the Big-
Five-Herself, France, the United
States, Britain and China-must have
the right to block such discussion.
Secretary of State Stettinius con-
sidered the question so vital that he
sought a decision from President
Truman on whether the American
delegatio i should push the veto ques-
tion to a test.
Confernce committees were busy
wheeling other problems out of the
way. Some were nearly through with
their work. Others were held up by
the lack of agreement on the veto.
Final distribution of commence-
ment announcements will be held
from 9 to 12 a. m. EWT (8 to 11
a. m. CWT) and 1:30 to 5 p. m.
EWT (12:30 to 4 p. m. CWT) to-
day in Rm. 2, University Hall.
By The Associated Press
GUAM, Wednesday, June 6-Great
first raged in Kohe yesterday hours
after approximately 450 superfort-
resses struck their heaviest blow at
this sixth city and largest port of
Japan at a cost of eight bombers.
The bomber losses - less than half
the record total of 19 shot down over
Tokyo in the big fire raid of May 29
-were announced in Washington by
the 20th Air Force ,which said re-
sults of the raid were excellent.
Fires Still Rage
The Japanese agency Domei, which
had clairr d 56 of the B-29s were
shot dowr was heard admitting six
hours aft the last bomber turned
for home that the fires were only
then "gradually being extinguished."
Three thousand tons of fire bombs
plummeted into a square mile area
of eastern Kobe, embracing the vast
Kobe Steel Works, near a nine-
square-mile area laid in ashes by two
other raids in February and March.
The big bombers resolutely pressed
home their attacks against the worst
that the Japanese and the weather
Meet Heavy Flak
Heavy and accurate anti-aircraft
fire greeted the bombers as they
sailed out of the banks of thunder-
heads and fog into the fair skies over
Kobe, 250 miles southwest of Tokyo.
At' least 40 aggressive Japanese
fighter planes came barreling up to
meet them, and by enemy account
some crashed into the superforts in
But for all the opposition, the
heavyweights cruised the skies over
Kobe for an hour. dumping their in-
cendiary loads on the steel works,
two main railway stations, shipwards
No Fighter Escort
The weather was too bad for fight-
er escort to make the trip, and one
returning navigator said the storms
knocked out all his instruments,
forcing him to reach the target by
"Teaching is a fine art, and the
teacher must work continually to im-
prove and polish it," Prof. John S.
Brubacher, declared of the School
of Education at Yale University, in
his address to the candidates for
teachers certificates at the tenth an-
nual convocation of the School of
Teaching, he said, is no longer a
fine art if the teacher merely repeats
the same lessons year after year with-
out attempting to improve them.
Two honorary scholarship awards
were made at the convocation. How-
ard K. Holland received the William
H. Payne award, and Arthur H. Rice
received the Burke A. Hinsdale prize.
These awards are made annually for
high scholarship and professional
promise. The selection was made by
a formal vote of the School of Edu-
cation faculty, and the awards were
presented by Prof. Francis D. Curtis,
Secretary of the School of Education.
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Assume Military, Civil,
Only Saar ,Basin
.o-intry Is Now
of Nazi Conquests;
By 'the Associated Press
WASHINGTON, June-An Allied Council took formal command of
shattered Germany today, slashed the nation down to its pre-1937 size
and assumed sweeping responsibility for its military, civilian and economic
Further Revisions Possible
Ordered stripped of all arms and Hitlerian conquests, the nation was
reduced virtually to the status of a protectorate. Of all Hitler's acquisi-
tions only the Saar Basin which Ger- U
many won through a plebiscite re-
mains even technically a part of the 'U Sym phonv
Reich today. Moreover the way was
left open for further territorial revi-
A proclamation issued at Supreme
Headquarters in Paris said the Allied
Control Council-composed of rep- 'l '
resentatives of the United States,
Britain, Russia and France-assum- Selection by Brahms
ed all governmental functions in Tod
Germany effective at 6 p. in., (1 p. in., To Be FeaturedToay
Eastern War Time). The University Symphony Orche-
I edaratin . stra, under the direction of Prof.
uTherdeywaignedasBumin thysGilbert Ross, will highlight its spring
authority was signed at Berlin by concert at 8:30 p. mn. EWT (7:30 p.m.
General Eisenhower for the United toay in Ei T (d:ru with
States, Marshal Zhukov for Russia CWT) today in Hill Auditorium with
Field Marshal Montgomery for Brit-'the Brahms "Symphony in D major,
ain and Gen. De Lattre De Tassigny No. 2, Op. 73."
for France, the announcement said. Italian Toccatas
Earlier, the four allies had an- The second symphony will be the
nounced agreement on machinery to major orchestral work on the pro-
control and impose humbling terms gram. The Symphony Orchestra,
on the country led to disaster by composed of approximately 65 play-
Adolf Hitler. Nullifying every ves- rrs, including several faculty mem-
tige of authority once wielded by bers and guest players from Ann Ar-
Hitler's Reich, the, victors assumed bor, Ypsilanti and Detroit, will open
life. and death powers over °'every the program with two toccatas from
man, woman andchild in Germany. "Fiori Musicali" by Frescobaldi. The
Final disposition of Germany's ter- 17th century Italian organist and
ritory and determination of her fate composer's pieces have been arrang-
await a peace conference. Today's ed for string orchestra by Prof. Ross.
agreement defines the extent of joint Pianist Mary Evans Johnson of
Allied military control while Germany Ann Arbor will be featured in the
"is carrying out the basic require- Mozart "Concerto in C major, K.
ments of unconditional surrender." 467" (for piano and orchetra. A
YANKS DRIVE ON OKINAWA-American Forces (arrows) captured a
hill 200 yards north of Karara, took Kamizato and pushed past Shin-
zato in their drive toward the southeastern beaches of Okinawa.
Rackham Ceremony Honors
Thomas Mann's 70th Birthday
The seventieth birthday of Thomas
Mann, noted author and thinker, was
commemorated yesterday when four
professors from the English and Ger-
man Departments gave addresses in
his honor during ceremonies held in
the Rackham Building.
The speakers were: Prof. Henry W.
Nordmeyer and Prof. Fred B. Wahr,
of the German department; Dr.
James Meisel of the political science
department, and Prof. Bennet Weav-
er', of the English department.
Prof. Nordmeyer expressed the
belief that in Thomas Mann was
embodied the sole hope left for the
Emphasis was placed, by Prof.
Wahr, on the middle class origin of
Mann and its subsequent effect on
U' Club of Ann
Axel Marin, associate professor of
mechanical engineering, was elected
president of the University of Michi-
gan Club of Ann Arbor for the com-
ing year, it was announced at the
local alumni's annual outing held
yesterday at Barton Hills Country
Prof. Leigh Young, of the School
of Forestry, was elected vice-presi-
dent, and L. H. Hollway, athletic di-
rector of the Ann Arbor High School,
will be secretary-treasurer.
Those elected to the Board of Di-
rectors for a three-year term are Lyle
Thayer, Franklin C. Forsythe, and
Herbert Wagner, Chief Accountant
for the University.
his writing. "Mann, the rational
analyzer," he said, "was the product
of an over-refined middle class which
met decay because of its moral wear-
iness and delicate atheticism."
Prof. Weaver, in paying honor to
the great thinker spoke of him as a
man who had his roots in Greek
thought. He said that Mann seeks
a resumption by the American people
of their heritage - a heritage re-i
ceived from the Greeks.
"The philosophy of Plato rejects
the philosophy of force," he said.
"So, too, (lid Thomas Mann, when
in 1922 he first rejected Fascism
and embraced the doctrines of true
"Mann said of Fascism," Prof.
Weaver declared, "that it was solely
a philosophy of force, though daring
and cunning, a deceitful thing - a
disease based on murder, pillage, and
complete lack of concern for human
dignity. It is the emancipation of
"The human being, "Prof. Weav-
er concluded, "was intended to be
an erect animal that walked with
its head up. We must recognize
the insidious forces at work among
others and at play among ourselves
as Mann recognized them."
End on Okinawa
May Be Near
GUAM, Wednesday, June 6-VP)-
Chester W. Nimitz in an unusual
communique today delayed beyond its
usual hour, for the first time omit-
ted all mention of ground operations
on Okinawa and reported only scat-
tered air actions against enemy ship-
ping and bases extending to the,
mainland and Korea.
Declaring itself in favor of taking
action to improve the relationship
between racial and religious group'
on campus, the "Workshop on Anti-
Semitism" held its final meeting of
the spring semester last night.
Persons from five campus organi-
zations presented a panel discussior
on the topic, "What Can We Do?"
as a culmination to an investigation
of the various aspects of anti-Semi-
tism made by the "Workshop."
Harry Daum (Post-War Council)
said that personal contact and em-
phasis of the deeds of various Jewish
men and women would help reduced
Publication of incidents manifest-
ing anti-Semitic feeling was advocat-
ed by Terrel Whitsit (Inter-Racial
Association), while Dorothy Raskind
(Hillel) presented the idea that a
committee from the "Workshop" act;
on the basis of the semester's find-
ings, to eliminate prejudice on cam-
William Byrnes (MYDA) suggest-
ed that educational literature, de-
signed to point out the lies of the
"anti" groups, be distributed on cam-
pus, and Joyce Siegan (SRA) assert-
ed that the problem cannot be solved
by one minority group alone.
senior pupil of Prof. John Kollen in
the School of Music, Mrs. Johnson
will perform several cadenzas which
she composed for this work. The
Mozart work represents the compos-
cr's most mature creative work in
the orchestral field.
Thor Johnson Was Conductor
Formerly under the conductorship
of Thor Johnson, now in service, the
Symphony Orchestra functioned
under the direction of Dr. Eric De-
Lamarter, visiting professor of mu-
sic and guest conductor during 1942-
43; and in 1943-44, Prof. Ross or-
;anized the University String Or-
chestra to substitute for the larger
temporarily disbanded group.
Veterans Will Hold
Last Meeting Today
The final meeting of Veterans Or-
ganization will be held at 7:30 p.m.
EWT today in Lane Hall, according
to John Crispin, chairman of the
The group will discuss plans for
next semester and formally close
their part in the Seventh War Loan
'Ike' Gets Red Award
LONDON, June 5--)-The Mos-
cow Radio said tonight that the So-
viet Order of Victory had been
awarded to Gen. Eisenhower and
Field Marshal Montgomery for "out-
standing large-scale military suc-
cesses" leading to the victory of the
United Nations over Germany.
Today Play Production presents
Noel Coward's "Tonight
at 8:30" at 8:30 p. m.
EWT (7:30 p. m. CWT) in
Lydia Mendelssohn The-
Today Botanical Seminar 4 pim.
EWT (3 p. m. CWT) in
room 1139 Natural Sci-
ence Building. Prof. C. D.
LaRue will v discuss
"Growth and Regenera-
tion in Embryo and En-
Today A.S.M.E.: final meeting
PRIVATE 1IFE OF THE GOW FAMILY:
The Gow family will be introduced
to Ann Arbor audiences in Noel Cow-
ard's "Tonight at 8:30" opening at
8:30 p. m. EWT (7:30 p. m. CWT) to-
day through Saturday in the Lydia
The Gow family, composed of
Byron Mitchell as hen-pecked Hen-
ry Gow, his nagging wife, plaved
by Babette Blum, and his adenoidal'
child, portrayed by Annette Chai-:
'Tonight at 8:30' Will Open
dominant success in London that f zek and
Coward opened the play in New .N yond t
York. in the9
From the nine one-act plays in- The
eluded in the series Windt has sel- Betty
ected three for Ann Arbor's pro- }x;}, Jean I
tuction. Each play is entirely Shef,
different from the other, the only Murra
similarity being in the use of the The
same actors in more than one play, is a Vi
Coward and his leading lady, accom
Gertrud Lawence.ranneni.e in nal .. .
Tonight at 8:30
d Mitchell, who are living be-
heir means are worked out
gay and breezy Coward style.
rest of the cast consists of
Godwin, Henry Kaminski,
Raine, Mary Bronson, Arthur
Sylvia Savin and Shirley
last play, "Family Album",
ictorian comedy with musical
paniment. Appearing oppo-
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