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June 03, 1945 - Image 1

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The Michigan Daily, 1945-06-03

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TI

AW
'UtAr t

"

WEATHER
Mostly Cloudy and Continued
Cool; Fresh Northerly Winds

VOL. LV, No. 163 ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, SUNDAY, JUNE 3, 1945

PRICE FIVE CENTS

French Claim
Arabs Carry
British Arms
De Gaulle Refuses
Churchill's Proposal
By The Associated Press
PARI, June 2.- General 1,a-
Gaulle charged today that Syrians
who fought the French "carried arms
furnished by the British" and sug-
gested that a four-power conference
Including Russia negotiate the ques-
tion "of the whole Arab world"-an
area where British interests pre-
dominate.
When asked to give the names of
the "crowd" of British agents which
he said precipitated the Syrian and
Lebanese uprising, De Gaulle said,
"Everyone knows their names, and
I would blush to give them to you."
French Side Outlined
The French leader outlined the
French side of the Levant dispute
which has found the Syrians and
Lebanese refusing to negotiate with
the French because of French wishes
for concessions in their homelands.
"It would be a most monstrous
absurdity," said De Gaulle, "if, hav-
ing ended the war against Germany,
we should find ourselves confronted
by bloody incidents between the Al-
lies."
French-British Clash
De Gaulle told of French-British
political and economic clashes in the
Middle East , dating from the last
World War and clearly indicated his
refusal to submit the Middle East
problem to a tripartite meeting of
France, Britain and the United
States, as proposed by Prime Minis-
ter Churchill three days ago.
He declared Churchill's message
"will change nothing," adding, "I
haven't thought it necessary to reply
to this message."
Many Interested
"There are many who are inter-
ested in this question, De Gaulle said,
"First of all there are the Big Four-
France, Britain, the United States
and Soviet Russia. And there are
also the Arab states.
De Gaulle said France was entitled
to military bases the same as Britain
and the United States and charged
that the "British attitude" in the
Middle East was one reason for Fran-
ce's inability to give full indepen-
dence to Syria and Lebanon.
* * *
Syrians Battle
DAMASCUS, June 2-(PA)-Angry
Syrian crowds caught and killed two
Senegalese soldiers trying to reach
French headquarters from their out-
post today while British troops strove
to protect the French.
French troops are being taken
from their barracks in the city by the
British under cover of the curfew,
and barracks as yet not evacuated
are guarded heavily by British ar-
mor. All Senegalese guards at the
French headquarters are heavily
armed.
Some French conscripts early to-
day fired on passersby from a bar-
racks wall, wounding two. The
wounded were rescued by British
tanks.
Meanwhile it was announced that
Gen. Olivia-Roget, French officer
who directed the bombing, shelling,
and machine gunning of Damascus
which started Tuesday night, has
been dismissed from his command by
British request.
Historic City
Reported Safe

The historic city of Heidelberg
has suffered less than many towns
farther west, T15 Ralph Christensen,
a graduate of 1942, wrote to T. Haw-
ley Tapping, general secretary of
Alumni Association.
"Heidelberg was spared as far as
actual damage goes," Christensen
wrote. "Four or five houses were hit
but that can. hardly be counted.
After seeing some towns in Norman-
dy and Germany I can say that they
were very fortunate here."
Continuing, he described the city
itself, which is situated on the Rhine
plain. "They have some old churches
that are interesting. The one across
the square from the Rathaus is pe-
culiar because all around the outside
are built stalls for shoemakers and
florists and other tradesmen."
CAMPUS EVENTS
Today Janet Wilson to present
an organ recital in Hill
Auditorium at 4:15 EWT
(3:15 p. m. CWT).
Today International Song Night
+n a 'hoAa r..m n m

Halsey s

Planes

Strike

K yushu

Air

Base

I

Wolverines Capture Big Ten Championship
Michigan Defeats Boilermakers
In Smashing Double Win 9-2, 4-3
Louthen, Bowman Toss Unbeaten Crew
To Sitee ntha Western C
u et n1 es en Conference Crown&

By BILL LAMBERT
Special to The Daily
Michigan'stpowerhouse baseball
team slugged their way to their 16th
Western Conference crown at Lafay-
ette yesterday, as they downed a last
chance Purdue club in two games,
9-2, and 4-3.
Nine Still Unbeaten
Coach Ray Fisher's crew, who have
been unbeaten since the opener with
T'' Extension
Service Offers
LaborEducationz
Instructors Answer
Workers' Problems
"A command performance of know-
ledge" is what the University Exten-
sion Service is supplying in one of
the nation's most successful labor
education programs.
Answering the question of labor,
"How can we be useful to you?" Uni-
versity directors used a stategrant
last fall -to establish a Workers' Ed-
ucational Service Office. It was plac-
ed under the directorship of A. K.
Stevens, University English profes-
sor, and Arthur A. Elder, of the De-
troit Public School System.
In the past seven months more
than 70 specialized instructors have
talked - not lectured - to nearly
.20,000 wage earners on subjects
selected by the workers.
"We go to the workers," Elder said.
"We meet in their labor halls or union
headquarters where the men are ac-
customed to settle problems among
themselves. It would kill our pro-
gram to ask them to come to the
University."
Discussion subjects cover an un-
ending field of study. Interest in
international problems takes the
form of inquiry into labor condi-
tions in other countries. Classes in
collective bargaining have aided in
the settlement of wartime labor
grievances in numerous Michigan
plants.
The Educational Service is strictly
an administrative body.
"We have no isms," Prof. Stevens
pointed out. "Our job is to dissemi-
nate knowledge in a manner helpful
to the workers in their organizations
and as citizens. We consider it our
duty to provide the very best teachers
for whatever subject is requested."
The first request received by the
Service-"What are the wage earn-
ers' rights under the Workmen's
Compensation Law?"-is still the
most popular. One group recently
asked for a discussion on "Labor's
Obligation to Society." Printed
copies of the discussion were re-
quested.
Michigan's unique approach to lab-
or education is being watched and
praised by the U. S. Office of Edu-
cation and university extension ser-
vices throughout the country.
A six-man advisory committee sup-
ervises the work of the Workers Ed-
ucational Service. It is composed of
two public members, two represent-
ing the University and the State Sec-
retaries of the CIO and the Michigan
Federation of Labor.

Western Michigan April 13, piled up
the amazing total of 26 hits off five
Boilermaker pitchers. As Coach Fish-
er put it, "The boys really' showed
power, and were unbeatable on the
field." The veteran mentor, who is
in his 25th year of coaching at Mich-
igan, was elated over his silver anni-
versary present given to him when
the nine cinched the Big Ten crown.
Although the Wolverines still have
a two game series to play next week-
end against the fifth place Ohio
State club, their hold on first place
would not be lost even by two de-
feats. Today'v double victory ran to
eight Michigan's unbroken string of
Conference triumphs for the season.
Louthen, Bowman Win
Ray Louthen, the io-mer Westerr
Michigan star who has not droppec
'h start this year, and Bo Bowman
who led the Conference in 1944
tossed the Maize and Blue team t
the victories. Louthen took to th(
mound in the first tilt, and out
pitched Purdue's Bob Buysse with <
five-hitter. The big redhead was ex
tremely steady, and wasn't in troube
at any time.
His teammates got him off to a
lead in the sixth inning, when they
drove in four runs. Up to that timc.
both teams played scoreless ball, but
after the pig sixth, the Wolverine
added to their lead, and finished the
game on the long end of a 9-2 count.
The Michigan batters collected two
more tallies in the seventh, one in
the eighth, and slammed out two
more in the last frame.
Bowman, who besides being un-
defeated in Big Ten competition, is
(See MICHIGAN, Page 7)
A uioti ttemeits
Final distribution of commence-
ment announcements will be held
from 3 to 5 p. in. EWT (1ito 4
p. m. CWT) tomorrow and 1:30
to 5 p. in. EWT (12:30 to 4 p. m
CWT) on Tuesday in Rm. 2, Uni-
versity Hall.
Dean Burstey
Awards Keys
To Union Men
Award keys for meritorious service
during the Spring Term were pre-
sented to Union Executive Council
members and staffimen at the annual
Awards banquet yesterday in the
Union.
Dean Joseph Bursley. who spoke
at the luncheon meeting, awarded
Board of Directors keys to James
Plate, Union president; Bob Lindsay,
secretary; and Frank Ruck, a vice-
president.
Henry Horldt, Charles Helmick,
Wayne Bartlett, Charles Hansen, and
Harold Walters of the Executive
Council were awarded Council keys.
Union tower key chain charms were
given to staffmen George Spaulding,
Andrew Poledor, Bill Theissner, Bob
Pollock, Milan Miskovsky, Jerry Co-
mer, Gene Sikorovsky, John Benson,
Bernard Harris, Tom Armstrong,
Don Wines and James Trautwein.

BABY-FLAT-TOPS-Five U. S. Navy escort carriers lie at anchor at a forward -Pacific base, ready to
replenish stores before rejoining the fleet at sea.
DELEGATES TO VISIT CAMPUS:
World Youth Representatives Will Relate
Impressions o Parley at San Francisco

By BETTYANN LARSEN
Representatives of the World Youth
Council from China, Czechoslovakia,
Yugoslavia, Denmark and the United
States will relate their personal im-
pressions of the United Nations San
Francisco ConfE rcce at 8:15 p. m.
EWT (7:15 p. m. CWT) tomorrow in
Rackham Lecture Hall under the
sponsorship of combined organiza-
tions on campus.
First of the group will be Svend
Bader Pedersen, international rela-
tions officer of the Council and
president of the Danish Youth As-
sociation in Great Britain, will rep-
resent Denmark at the forthcoming
World Youth Conference to be held
in London in Antust.
The second visitor, Yang Kang, is a
graduate of Yenching University in
China. She worked as literary editor
of the largest newspaper in China
and visited various war fronts as a
correspondent.
Third speaker of the rally will be
Lt. Zvonimir Jurisic, graduate of the
Nautical Academy in Dubrovnik, Yu-
goslavia. After being at sea for two
years, he is now in the service of the,
United States government.
Maria Michal, a Czech student,
will also be a member of the dele-
gation. She wa's in Czechoslovakia
during the occupation, and was an
eye witness to the massacre of
Pope Clarifies
View of Nazism
VATICAN CITY, June 2.- (M)-
Pope Pius XII expressed the hope
today that the German people, purg-
ed of Nazism, "can rise to new dig-
nity and new life," but said that post-
war Europe is menaced by a "tyran-
ny no less despotic than those for
whose overthrow men planned."
In a world broadcast on Saint
Eugene's Day-his name day-the
pontiff reviewed the Vatican's pre-
war German policy.
The Pope declared that the Vati-
can concluded the 1933 concordat
with Germany "to set up a formid-
able barrier to the spread of ideas
at once subversive and violent" and
he asserted that Pius XI, his pre-
decessor, denounced the Nazi regime
in 1937 after the "solemn pact" had
been deliberately violated by the
Germans.
The Pope's outline of the church's
stand on Germany was apparently
in answer to criticism that the Vati-
can's attitude toward Nazi Germany
had been ambiguous or favorable.
The Pope declared that during the
years of nunciature in Berlin he had
"occasion to learn the great qualities

Czech students which occurred in
Prague,
Frances Damon completes the
group, and as the American repre-
sentative, she is executive secretary
of American Youth for a Free World
which is a clearing house for na-
tional youth organizations in this
country.
Dean Alice Lloyd will be the key-
note faculty speaker for the meeting,
and Bob Woodward, temporary chair-
man of the sponsoring organizations,
will preside. Selections by the Uni-
versity concert Band will also be a
feature of the program, which will be
free for all students and members of
the faculty. A question period will
follow the speeches at which time the
audience may quiz the speakers re-
garding the San Francisco Cqnfer-
ence and the various world youth
movements.
An informal tea will also be given
from 4 to 6 p. m. tomorrow in the
International Center, and under the
auspices of the Center Students and
faculty members will have the op-
Reds Ask Rigid
Yalta Formula
Russians Seek Veto
Rights for Big Five
SAN FRANCISCO, June 2-(/P)-
Russia faced the United Nations con-
ference today with a demand for
rigid interpretation of the Yalta for-
mula giving the big-five powers veto
rights in a world organization.
Overnight study of a Russian paper
on the proposed security council vot-
ing procedure disclosed wide differ-
ences between the Soviet on one side
and the United States, Great Brit-
ain, China and France, on the other.
Big Four Agree{
These four powers were in practical
agreement on what they considered
a "liberal" interpretation of the veto
provision agreed upon by President
Roosevelt, Prime Minister Churchill
and Premier Stalin at Yalta.
The Russians were represented,
however, as demanding that any of
the Big Five be permitted to exercise
a veto against even bringing any dis-
pute before the Security Council on
which they would have permanent
seats. The other four nations had
agreed to an interpretation permit-
ting the council to discuss interna-
tional disputes, but requiring unan-
imity on any positive action.
To Be Used Seldom
They also were said to have made
it clear that in practical operation of
the proposed league they thought the

portunity to meet the delegates per-
sonally at this time.
Reifore the quintet leaves for
Wayne University, Detroit, a dis-
cussion meeting will be held from
10 a. m. EWT to noon Tuesday in
Lane Hall under the sponsorship of
the Student Religious Association.
"Campus leaders are urged to at-
tend this meeting," said Woodward,
"for youth's role in bringing about
a true and lasting peace will be
the topic for consideration."
Various committees have been set
up to plan the two-day program. As-
sembly and Pan-Hellenic composed
the invitation committee, while finan-
ces were taken care of by Women's
War Council, Veterans Organization
and MYDA.
Convocation To
Honor Seniors
In Education
The tenth annual convocation of
the School of Education, honoring
candidates for the teacher's certifi-
cate, will be held at 2 p.m. EWT (1
p.m. CWT) Tuesday in the auditor-
ium of University High School.
An address by President Ruthven
will open the program, which in-
cludes music supplied by the Univer-
sity High School orchestra. Dean
James B. Edmonson will introduce
the convocation speaker, John" S.
Brubacher, professor of education at
Yale University.
Curtis To Present Awards
Scholar awards will be presented
by Prof. F. D. Curtis, secretary of
the School of Education. The audi-
ence will participate in the singing
of "The Yellow and the Blue".
The William H. Payne Scholar
Award is presented to candidates for
the master's degree, and recipients
of the Burke Aaron Hinsdale award
must be candidates for the doctorate.
Winners for the academic year
1945-46 are Howard Kingsbury Hol-
land (William H. Payne Scholar),
and Arthur Henry Rice (Burke Aar-
on Hinsdale Scholar).
Approved by Regents
These awards were authorized by
the School of Education, with the
approval of the Board of Regents, in
accordance with a recommendation
of the University Council providing
for recognition of the services of
former distinguished staff members.
Drs. Payne and Hinsdale were both
members of the faculty and leaders
in the field of education.
High scholarship and high rank in
matter of professional zeal and prom-
ise are the requirements for the
oA nrc

10th Army Rips
Jap Defenses
On Okinawa
Admiral Returns to
Action with 3rd Fleet
By The Associated Press
GUAM, Sunday, June 3-Peppery
Adm. William F. Halsey, just return-
ed to action in the Pacific with his
U. S. Third Fleet, sent carrier planes
against potential suicide plane bases
of the Japanese homeland on Kyu-
shu Island Saturday while the 10th
Army tore into disintegrating enemy
forces on Okinawa.
Today's fleet communique report-
ed carrier planes of Halsey's fleet,
operating under Vice Adm. John S.
McCain, shot down two enemy planes,
destroyed 11 on the ground and dam-
aged 23 more at Miyazaki, Kokubu,
Tushira, Kagoshima and Chiran. Two
enemy surface craft were destroyed
3ff the coast.
Boasts Fleet
Halsey was disclosed yesterday to
have gone back into action against
the Nipponese, boasting his fleet could
move anywhere from the north to
south polehandreven, if need be, into
Tokyo Bay.
In the Okinawa campaign, now in
its closing phases, the 10th Army Di-
visions ranged below the collapsed
Naha-Yonabaru line Saturday for
general gains up to 1,000 yards. They
were backed by tanks and heavy ar-
tillery, due to a cessation of rainy
weather which had deluged Okinawa
with 13 inches.of rain in 10 days.
Enemy resistance was moderate.
Tokyo Claims Success
The third fleet's assault on enemy
suicide plane bases came at a time
when Tokyo radio was trumpeting
that huge successes had been scored
by such attacks on shipping at Oki-
nawa and that the attacks would, be
stepped up. But Adm. Chester W.
Nimitz said today that enemy air ac-
tion through Friday continued on a
small scale as it had the past few
days.
Aground on Okinawa, in the west
coast sector southeast of fallen Naha,
the first 'MarineDivision yesterday
gained 1,000 yards below Shunr and
crossed the Naha-Yonabaru east-west
highway.
Yanks Make
New Landing
On Mindanao.
By The Associated Press
MANILA, Sunday, June 3-Amer-
ican doughboys, in' a small amphi-
bious operation, made a new land-
ing on southern Mindanao Island
Friday in a maneuver designed to
envelop and decimate isolated Japa-
nese garrisons.
The landing was a shore to shore
operation, shifting some Yank for-
ces, probably from the Davao area, to
an invasion at Luayon, 75 miles south
of Davao City on the Island's west-
ern shore.
Gen. Douglas MacArthur's com-
munique reported the landing wa
made against only slight opposition
and that the doughboys quickly pene-
trated inland.
Moving northwest from Davao, the
24th Infantry Division has liberated
numerous towns in its drive inland
on enemy forces pocketed between
the Davao and Talomo Rivers.
Chinese T roops
Near Shaoyang
CHUNGKING, Sunday, June 3-MP)
-Chinese troops today imperiled the
Japanese-held former American air-

base of Shaoyang (Paoching) in
south-central China after smashing
enemy fortifications on the town's ap-
proaches, the Chinese high command
said in a special communique.
The Chinese burst through Shao-
yang's outer defenses after launch-
ing fierce attacks in which the Japa-
nese suffered heavy . casualties, the
communique said.
Shaoyang is one of the most im-
portant strongholds in Hunan Pro-
vince
Four Power Council
To Convene Today
PARIS, Sunday, June 3-(P)--Su-
preme Headquarters called upon the
American war correspondents com-

SYMPHONY CONCERT:
'T' Orchestra To Play

The University Symphony Orches-
tra under the direction of Prof. Gil-
bert Ross will present its spring
concert at 8:30 p.m. EWT (7:30 p.m.
CWT) Wednesday in Hill Auditor-
ium. Two toccatas by Frescobaldi,
selections by Brahms and Mozart
will highlight the orchestra's second
program in the current season.
The major orchestral composition
on the program will be the Brahms
"Symphony in D major, No. 2, Op.
73", while selections from "Fiori Mu-
sicali" by Frescobaldi, 17th century
Italian organist and composer, and
the Mozart "Concerto in C major, K.

tinguished herself in composition.
Prof. Ross. who has served as act-
ing conductor of the orchestra in the
absence of Thor Johnson during the
past season, organized and conducted
the University String Orchestra dur-
ing 1943-44.
Revived Last Fall
During the career of the String
Orchestra, the larger Symphony Or-
chestra remained dormant, but in
the fall of 1944 it was decided to re-
establish the full body. At the begin-
ning of the current semester the
orchestra was introduced to a period
of "reading" and thus came in direct

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