THE FCHIGA N ADAILY
FRIDAY, MAT 18, 194
Pat IHurleys in Hot Water.
itdrw I t)( r rSU -~
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NIGHT EDITOR: LOIS IVERSON
Editorials published in The Michigan Daily
are written by members of The Daily staff
and represent the views of the writers only.
No 'Good' Germans
WE AMERICANS ought to stop making a dis-
tinction between Nazis and freedom-loving
Germans. There are no freedom-loving Ger-
mans in Germany now. All were killed off by
the Nazis years ago. All that are left are a
bunch of weak-willed politically apathetic indi-
viduals who will jump at the loudest command.
Americans-the idealists, the people who suffer-
ed least from the war, the people who have a
great influence in the peace conference, ought
to remember this.
The willingness of the American people to
absorb all this sop about "Hermann" Goering's
great leadership ability and his jovial personal-
ity, is just one plain indication of how easily
we can be taken in. One American general
shook hands with dear "Hermann," and scores
of American newspapermen interviewed him and
wrote "personality sketches."
One columnist pointed out that the German
people yelled "Hermann, Hermann" at Nazi
party political rallies and that he couldn't ima-
gine people yelling "Adolf" when Hitler appear-
ed. The columnist shouldn't have made the
distinction. Hitler and Goering are two of a
kind. Because Goering has a jovial personality
is no reason why his record shouldn't remain
as black as he made it.
It is absolutely necessary that when we
begin building a new German nation that we
should start from scratch, trusting no German
until it is absolutely proven that he is freedom-
loving. Let the war criminals be punished by
those who suffered under them, and don't get
sentimental about the Germans who "didn't
want to go along with Hitler." There just
aren't any such Germans left alive.
Truman and Taxes
RESIDENT TRUMAN'S announcement that
corporation and income taxes must remain
as they are to protect the 85,000,000 individual
war bond holders in the United States is to be
commended because at this time, more than ever
before, stringent measures must be taken to
safeguard the country against inflation.
The President indicated that concessions will
be made in excise tax rebates and raising of
the excise tax exemption as proposed in a pro-
gram approved by Secretary of the Treasury
Henry Morgenthau, Jr., which will provide suffi-
cient relief to industries in a state of conversion
to peace-time production.
The maintenance of income taxes and cor-
poration taxes at their present level will pot
prevent industrial conversion and will curtail
trends toward inflation. It is important that
President Truman, having stated his views,
will stick to them despite any pressure from
advocates in Congress of tax reduction before
the defeat of Japan.
-Jeanne S. Cockburn
A New Treason
ACCORDING to yesterday's newspapers, Rep.
Rankin, (D.-Miss.), will propose a bill, "full
of dynamite, that goes far beyond our present
laws of treason," to punish any person who at-
By DREW PEARSON
WASHINGTON-The State Department has
one bucking-bronco ambassador on its hands
and it doesn't quite know what to do with
him. He is ebullient, energetic Patrick J. Hurley,
ex-Secretary of War, ex-major general, now
U. S. ambassador to China.
Hurley holds th No. 2 ambassadorial job in
the world. No. 1 is Moscow. Both China and
Russia these days are more important than
London, where relations are happy and serene.
But in Chungking, the United States has
been laboring to get both Chinese factions to
fight Japan instead of fighting each other.
If they don't get together, we face- another row
identical with that in Poland. The State De-
partment is worried sick that Stalin will recog-
nize the Northern Chinese Communists as he
did the Lublin government of Poland, leaving
us burdened with the Chiang Kai-Shek gov-
ernment which has dwindling support among
the Chinese people.
To sit in this tough trouble-spot, Roosevelt
sent handsome, colorful ex-Oklahoma oil man
and Choctaw Indian attorney, Pat Hurley. It
was Pat's job to try to bring the two Chinese
On his way back to Chungking from Wash-
ington last month, Hurley stopped in Moscow
where he called on Stalin. It was' a very im-
portant interview for the purpose of keeping
Stalin in line regarding China, preventing him
from bolting the traces, renouncing Chiang
Kai-Shek and coming out 100 per cent for the
Northern Chinese. U. S. Ambassador Averell
Harriman went with Hurley to make the call.
T THE KREMLIN, Hurley said something to
the effect that he hoped Stalin believed
China must not be split up; to which Stalin, of
Then he asked in effect: "You are for a uni-
fied China, aren't you, Marshal?" Again Stalin,
of course, agreed.
There followed some other questions on inno-
cuous points, and the interview was over. Am-
bassador Harriman left by plane immediately
for Washington, very much annoyed that Hur-
ley had failed to take up any real issues with
Stalin. Stalin had agreed only to obvious and
general platitudes about China.
But when Harriman arrived in Washington,
he found Hurley had already cabled the State
Department that Stalin had endorsed his pro-
gram for China. Harriman promptly advised
the State Department that this was not the
However, Hurley's telegram somehow or other
found its way to the Chinese embassy in Wash-
ington, which cabled it to Chungking, where
the Chiang Kai-Shek government gleefully
spread the word that Stalin had agreed to its
program. Naturally, Chiang's program calls
for a minimum of cooperation with the Northern
Chinese-in fact less than none.
So now Chiang Kai-Shek is much less com-
promising and the problem of getting the two
factions together is right back where it was
when Gen. "Vinegar Joe" Stilwell demanded
that the Generalissimo cooperate and was
fired for his pains.
Meanwhile, Stalin may come out with full
recognition of the Northern Chinese any mi-
NOTE-The State Department is also upset
over the fact that Mrs. Hurley has accepted a
bracelet said to be worth around $30,000 from the
Chinese ambassador in Washington. Naturally,
this is interpreted in Chinese circles as putting
By BARRIE WATERS
AttheMichign .. .
"MURDER, MY SWEET" is what Hollywood
fondly calls a "sleeper," meaning it's a
film made on a low budget with a minor cast
which turns out to be above-average entertain-
Its rating of above-average is justified to
some extent. It has a good script and some
commendable performances. Originality is not
the film's forte, however. It is nmurder-melo-
drama in the Humphrey Bogart manner and
suggestive of such gory predecessors as "The
Maltese Falcon" and "The Glass Key." For
those who like this sort of thing, "Murder,
My Sweet" is obviously a theatre-going oc-
It is based on a Raymond Chandler novel call-
ed "Farewell, My Lovely" (the title has been
changed for some vague reason best known to
Hollywood itself). Chandler, who writes in the
Dashiell Hammett manner, is having a Holly-
wood vogue now, and this is the first of his
works to reach the screen.
Dick Powell, attempting a character role after
many years apprenticeship in Warner musicals,
plays Philip Marlowe, a private detective who
becomes involved in a missing person case
whose complicated ramifications involve Claire
Trevor, Anne Shirley and a frightening giant
thug who is a case of brawn over brain. Powell
is successful in his characterization, although
Bogart needn't worry too much about his posi-
tion as number one tough guy. The support-
ing cast is uniformly excellent.
him squarely in the Chiang Kai-Shek camp and
diminishes his usefulness as an impartial nego-
Capial,( Chff .
ABLE JUDGE Lou Schwellenbach of Washing-
ton state was definitely offered the job of
Secretary of Labor by Truman but went home
to talk it over with his wife. Dave Beck, Team-
sters' Union boss on the West Coast, is the chief
man who put across Schwellenbach's appoint-
ment. Lou would be an A-1 cabinet member but
isn't looking for headaches. . . . William E.
Leahy, the District of Columbia's foremost trial
lawyer, has been asked by the justice department
to try the alleged Hitler agents still facing indict-
ments for sedition. . . . Senate colleagues of
the late Sen. George Norris have been avidly
reading advance copies of his autobiography,
"Fighting Liberal." It will rate as one of the
great books of the year-the story of the politi-
cal struggle of America for nearly half a cen-
(Copyright, 1945, by the Bell Syndicate, ne.)
I'D RATHER BE RIGHT:
Signs of Softness
By SAMUEL GRAFTON
WE AMERICANS are watching each other for
signs of softness in regard to Germany; we
have no great faith in each other in this one
particular field. General Stack's luncheon, with
Hermann Goering has shocked us. But this is
not a shock of surprise; it is the kind of shock
we expected. It hits us hard because it fulfills
our dreary expectations, not because it aston-
ishes them. It carries the shock of confirmation
of a bad dream.
General Eisenhower has issued an order for-
bidding such courtesies; but even this is un-
convincing. When such an order has to be
issued, the response made by our hearts is, oh,
my. We still have to write it out on a piece
of paper that it is not right to be nice to
Americans as a whole have no great faith that
Americans as a whole will punish war criminals
adequately. That is a political fact; let us face
it and analyze it. We lack faith because we
know, deep down inside, that the method we
propose to use is inadequate. That method is the
method of law, of written, pre-existing interna-
tional law; that is our way, our Anglo-Saxon
way. We are wedded to the method of law, it
does violence to our traditions to proceed on
any basis but that of law, and we find it hard
to admit that there may be extraordinary situ-
ations in which the law, as one of the techniques
of civilization, may be inadequate.
W E KNOW, dismally, that existing law does
not make fascism a crime, so we have to
try to prove that the fascists were criminals in
addition to being fascists; we have to try to
show that they parked their tanks too long beside
a fireplug while they were over-running Den-
mark; we have to try to get them for a kind
of "second crime," so to speak. We are com-
pelled either to dstort the law, or to distort
the meaning of fascist crime; that is our gloomy
It seems to me that the way out of this
conflict is merely to step out of it. Why not
take the problem out of the cramped area of
the criminal law, and move it over into the
area of military necessity, or into the area
of emergency action to preserve the public
peace and safety? For example: Suppose
General Eisenhower were to issue an order
requiring all Nazi party members with card
numbers lower than 200,000 to remain in
their homes, under house arrest, as a security
measure to protect the occupying troops?
Who could say that this would be an inap-.
propriate action, or an extreme one?
ONCE we step out of the narrow boundaries of
the criminal law, we will find that we have
great, yet legal, freedom of action. Suppose the
allies, acting together, should determine that
the presence in Germany of the top 200,000
members of the Nazi party, and of all Reichs-
wehr officers above the rank of captain, is a
threat to peace and order in the Reich, during
the reconstruction period? Who can say that
it would be illegal to order their exile to a pre-
Supreme Court Justice Robert H. Jackson put
it well, in his recent speech, when he said that we
must not use our courts, in Germany, to carry
out policy; courts must be courts; but that
doctrine, he said, is no bar to having a policy,
and to carrying it out, so long as we do it openly
and frankly, and state our reasons, and don't
disguise it as court procedure. We need courts
to try war criminals, and we need a policy
against fascists, too. We need both. Our di-
lemma arises when we try to make the first do
the work of the second, or when we refuse to
admit that we need the second. Then we leave
open a middle ground, in which such characters
as Jodl and Doenitz may wander.
It seems to me we are heading toward a
great debate, in which those of us who are
not terribly anti-Junker, or who are afraid
of radicalism in Germany, will insist that we
proceed by court action alone; they will argue
for courts as a means of arguing against pol-
icy; they will say that the bill of rights pre-
vents us from taking action against men
who took action against the bill of rights.
(Copyright, 1945. N. Y. Post Syndicate)
FRIDAY, MAY 18, 1945 .
VOL. LV, No. 150
Publication in the Daily Official Bul-
letin is constructive notice to all mem-
bers of the University. Notices for the
Bulletin should be sent in typewritten
form to the Assistant to the President,
1021 Angell hall, by 2:30 p. m. of the day
preceding publication (10:30 a. m. Sat-
CENTRAL WAR TIME USED IN
THE DAILY OFFICIAL
College of Literature, Science, and
the Arts; College of Pharmacy;
School of Business Administration;
School of Education; School of For-
estry and Conservation; School of
Music; School of Public Health:
Spring Term, Schedule of Examina-
tions: June 16 to June 23, 1945.
Note: For courses having both lec-
tures and quizzes, the time of exer-
cise is the time of the first lecture
period of the week; for courses hav-
ing quizzes only, the time of exer-
cises is the time of the first quiz
period. Certain courses will be ex-
amined at special periods as noted
below the regular schedule. To avoid
misunderstandings and errors, each
student should receive notification
from his instructor of the time and
place of his examination. Instruc-
tors in the College of Literature, Sci-
ence, and the Arts are not permitted
to change the time of examination
without the approval of the Exami-
nation Committee. All hours listed
Time of Exercise Examination
Monday at 7 .......Sat., June 16, 1-3
Monday at 8 ....Tues., June 19, 1-3
Monday, 9: Mon., June 18, 9:30-11:30
Mon., 10: Thurs., June 21, 9:30-11:30
Monday at 12 . .. .Fri., June 22, 7-9
Monday, 1: Wed., June 20, 9:30-11:30
Monday, 2: Sat., June 16, 9:30-11:30
Tuesday at 7 . . . .Mon., June 18, 7-9
Tuesday at 8 ....Fri., June 22, 1-3
Tuesday at 9 .. ..Thurs., June 21, 1-3
Tuesday at 10 ... .Wed., June 20, 7-9
Tuesday at 12 . ... Tues., June 19, 7-9
Tuesday at 1 .... Sat., June 16, 7-9
Tuesday at 2 . ..Thurs., June 21, 7-9
Conflicts, Make, Irregular: Sat., June
Special Periods, College of Litera-
ture, Science, and the Arts:
Zoology 42 ........Sat., June 16, 7-9
Soc. 51, 54 ..Sat., June 16, 9:30-11:30
Span. 1, 2, 31, 32 ..Mon., June 18, 1-3
Ger. 1, 2, 31, 32 . .Mon., June 18, 1-3
Pol. Sci. 1, 2, 51, 52: Tues., June 19,
Speech 31, 32 . .Wed., June 20, 1-3
French 1, 2, 12, 31, 32, 61, 62, 91, 92,
153 ...........Wed., June 20, 1-3
Chem. 55 . .Wed., June 20, 9:30-11:30
English 1, 2 . . . . Thurs., June 21, 7-9
Ec. 51, 52, 53, 54: Thurs., June 21, 7-9
Botany 1..Fri., June 22, 9:30-11:30
Zoology 1 . .Fri., June 22, 9:30-11:30
School of Business Administration:
Courses not covered by this schedule
as well as any necessary changes will
be indicated on the School bulletin
School of' Forestry: Courses not
covered by this schedule as well as
any necessary changes will be indi-
cated on the School bulletin board.
School of Music: Individual In-
struction in Applied Music: Individ-
ual examinations by appointment
will be given for all applied music
courses (individual instruction) elec-
ted for credit in any unit of the
University. For time and place of
examinations, see bulletin board at
the School of Music.
School of Public Health: Courses
not covered by this schedule as well
as any necessary changes will be
indicated on the School bulletin
American Red Cross: The American'
Red Cross, being urgently in need of
additional personnel, has asked the
University to call this situation to
the attention of women graduates of
this year and the recent pastwho
may be qualified Social Workers,
Recreation Workers, Hospital Work-
ers, and Staff Assistants for Club,
Clubmobile, and Recreation Centers,
for domestic and foreign service.
Those who are interested and believe
themselves qualified are advised to
consult at once with Mrs. Wells I.
Bennett, Chairman of Personnel Re-
cruitment of the Ann Arbor Red
Cross Headquarters, 25546, or direct-
ly with Mrs. Bennett, 21278).
Information regarding examina-
tions for licenses to teach in the Dis-
trict of Columbia may be received by
calling at the Bureau of Appoint-
ments and Occupational Informa-
tion, 201 Mason Hall.
Petitions for Interfraternity Coun-
cil Officers are due Wednesday, May
23 in the Council office 306 Michigan
Union. Interviews will be held atl
4 p.m. May 24.
City of Detroit Civil Service An-
ANY BONDS TODAY?
Illustrated by Gregory D'Alessio
i r " 1 tt
1 tt tj f y I)
X11 1 i t !, _
By fibber McGee
"Three more Fifties for three good Amerieans, Mabel. Make
lent out to Vladimir Wladesomnenlecz Rachel Rifkin
avid Giovanni Petrvceell.
nouncement for Superintendent of
Refectories and Concessions, $4,830
to $5,484, has been received in our
office. Further information can be
obtained at the Bureau of Appoint-
ments, 201 Mason Hall.
The United States Civil Service
Commission is in critical need of 300
Analysts, for duty with the United
States Department of State in Ger-
many for six to eighteen months, to
study files and records of German
industrial, financial and insurance
firms. A reading knowledge of Ger-
man is essential. Applicants must
have broad, successful, and progres-
sively responsible experience in eco-
nomics, business administration, ac-
counting, insurance or banking. Ex-
perience in foreign industrial firms
or banks is particularly desirable.
Salaries range from $2,600 through
$4,600 per annum.
Interested persons may apply in
person, telephone or mail to the Unit-
ed States Civil Service Commission,
Detroit Branch Regional Office, 410
Federal Building, Detroit 33, Mich.
Bureau of Appointments, 201 Mason
Hall. Office hours from 8 to 11, and
1 to 3, (CWT).
The Babcock & Wilcox Co.: Bar-
berton, O., will be in our office Fri-
day, May 18, to interview chemists,
metallurgists, mechanical engineers,
and girls wh are interested in draft-
ing or drawing. For appointment call
the Bureau of Appointments, Uni-
versity Ext. 371.
City of Detroit Civil Service an-
nouncements for the following have
been received in our office: Student
Social Worker, $1,734 per year, Social
Case Worker, $2,100, Senior Govern-
mental Analyst, $4,002, Junior Gov-
ernmental Analyst, $2,415, Interme-
diate Governmental Analyst, $3,105,
Senior Personnel Examiner, $3,720,
Intermediate Personnel Examiner,
$2,967, Medical Attendant (Female),
$1,734, Zoological Instructor, $2,553,
Junior Clerk, $1,734, Junior Typist,
$1,734, Intermediate Clerk, $1,886,
Intermediate Typist, $1,886, Junior
Stenographer, $1,952, Calculating
Machine Operator (Female), $1,942.
Posting Machine Operator (AFB &
TM), $1,942, Junior Accountant, $2,-
415, Semi-Senior Accountant, $3,105,
Senior Accountant, $4,002, and Jun-
ior Personnel Examiner, $2,415 per
year. Further information can be
obtained at the Bureau .of Appoint-
ments, 201 Mason Hall.
United States Civil Service an-
nouncements for Recreational Aide,
$2,190 to $2,433 a year, Physical Dir-
ector, $2,433 a year, Teacher (Aca-
demic Subjects), $2,433 a year, and
Commercial Aide, $2,433 a year, for
work in Veterans Administration hos-
pitals, have been received in our of-
fice. Further information can be
obtained at the Bureau of Appoint-
ments, 201 Mason Hall.
Juniors, College of Literature, Sci-
ence, and the Arts: Juniors who wish
to apply for admission to the Senior
Honors course in English should file
letters of application in the English
Office (3221 A.H.) not later than
Friday, May 25.
Choral Union Concerts: Concerts
will be given in the Sixty-seventh an-
nual Choral Union Series next season,
PAUL ROBESON, Baritone. Sat-
urday, Nov. 3.
CLEVELAND ORCHESTRA, Erich
Leinsdorf, Conductor. Sunday, Nov.
ALEXANDER UNINSKY, Pianist.
Monday, Nov. 19.
JENNIE TOUREL, Contralto. Tues-
day, Nov. 27.
DON COSSACK CHORUS, Serge
Jaroff, Conductor. Monday, Dec. 3.
I BOSTON SYMPHONY ORCHE.S-
panied by remittance to cover, will
be accepted, and filed in sequences;
and selections made accordingly.
Ticket prices are at follows:
$15.60 (Block A, Patron Tickets).
Three center sections on main floor
and in first balcony.
$13.20 (Block B). Side sections on
both main floor and in first balcony.
$10.80, (Block C). First sixteen
rows in the top balcony.
$8.40 (Block C). Last six rows in
the top balcony.
Remittances should be made pay-
able to University Musical Society,
and mailed to Charles A. Sink, Presi-
dent, Burton Memorial Tower, Ann
Sixteenth Annual Exhibition of
Sculpture of the Institute of Fine
Arts: In the Concourse of the Michi-
gan League Building. Display will be
on view daily until Commencement.
Twenty-Second Annual Exhibition
by the Artists of Ann Arbor and
vicinity: In the Mezzanine Exhibition
Rooms of the Rackham Building
daily, except Sunday, 2 to 5 and 7
to 10p.m. The public is cordially
"Krishna Dancing with the Milk-
maids" an original Rajput brush
drawing with studies of the hands in
crayon. Also examples of Indian fab-
rics. Auspices, the Institute of Fine
Arts, through May 26; Monday-Fri-
day, 1-4; Saturday, 9-11, CWT. Al-
umni Memorial Hall, Rm. B.
The Geological Journal Club will
meet in Rm. 4065 Natural Science at
11:15 this morning. All interested
are invited to attend.
Coffee Hour: Professor Ostaflh will
be on hand at the Lane Hall Coffee
Hour this afternoon at 3 (CWT).
All students interested will be wel-
Bible Study: A new seminar on
Bible study will begin this evening
at 6:30 CWT at Lane Hall. Mr. Lit-
tell will start the discussion on the
Prophet Amos. All students are cor-
Hillel Foundation: This evening an
Oneg Shabat (Sabbath service) will
be conducted at the Hillel Founda-
tion in. celebration of the holiday
Shevuoth. Avukah, student Zionist
organization, has prepared a special
program of services including ritual,
songs, dances, and holiday food.
Services will begin at 6:45 p~m.
The Angell Hall Observatory will
be open to visitors this evening from
8 to 10 p.m. (CWT) if the sky is
clear, to observe the moon and Jupi-
ter. Children must be accompanied
Student Recital: Raymond Spag-
nuolo, violinist, will present compo-
sitions by Handel, Bruch, Beethoven,
and Saint Saens, at 7:30 p.m. CWT,
tonight in the Assembly Hall of the
Rackham Building. A student of
Gilbert Ross, Mr. Spagnuolo will give
the program in lieu of thesis require-
ments for the degree of Master of
Music in Music Education. The pub-
lic is cordially invited.
Luncheon Discussion: There will
be a luncheon discussion at 11:15
CWT Saturday.dMr. Littell will re-
view "The Predicament of Modem
Man" by D. Elton Trueblood. Make
reservations at the Lne Hall main
The Outing Club is sponsoring a
ninni. .fnr Rnture.jlax 10. Thri
li e said, "They'll never take O'Malley!. N507
---- IN OAA.. t ..915 , - . A t .
By Crockett Johnson
Tht's ho f was