THE MICHIGAN DAILY
TUESDAY, MAY 15, 1945
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NIGHT EDITOR: ARTHUR J. KRAFT
Editorials published in The Michigan Daily
are written by members of The Daily staff
and represent the views of the writers only.
WITH, THE WAR in Europe only a memory,
militarily speaking, attention now focuses
on the Pacific theatre and the Japanese, whose
speedy defeat stands as the Allies' number one
Estimates as to the time required to deal
the Japs a final blow vary all the way from
six months to five years, depending on sev-
eral unpredictable factors. No one can pos-
sibly predict, at this time whether the ]us
sians will get in the fight or stay out of it,
whether the Japs will continue a fanatical
resistance to the last, man, whether the Japa-
nese .defenses are as strong as generally be-
lieved, or a host of other "whethers." -- -.-
Despite the general uncertainty of the situa-
tion, the pattern of Allied strategy in the Pacific
has been made clear. Actions up to the present
take on a definite shape when viewed i the
proper perspective. Three years and five months
of unrelenting attrition warfare have brought
sonle very concrete results in the practical an-
nihilation of the Japanese navy as an effective
fighting force, in the almost total defeat of
Japanese air power, and in the conquest of vital
advance bases and supply lines.
But the Japanese army has yet to be met
and defeated in sufficient numbers to make any
appreciable dent in its capacity as a military
unit. Indications are that the Nip army has
increased, rather than decreased, in size, since
Pearl Harbor. The job of meeting and defeat-
ing this force remains to be done.
With the conquest of Okinawa a matter of
but a few weeks at most, the stage has been
set for the launching of the beginning blows
in the campaign. Indications are that the
mainland of China, rather than Japanese
home islands themselves, will feel the might
of MacArthur's legions next. Such an inva-
sion would have the tremendous tactical ad-
vantage of completely severing the Japanese
line of communications from their rich sup-
ply bases in the East Indian archipelago
cutting them off from vitally needed oil and
Coupled with heavy bombings of Japanese
industry by raids which will inevitably be step-
ped up in scope and tempo now that all Allied
aircraft production can be channeled to the
Pacific for that purpose, the loss of these na-
tural resources spells the eventual end of the
Japanese war effort.
The war in Europe has proved that no army,
whatever its will to resist, can fight indefinitely
when deprived of the mechanized equipment
and air power necessary to modern warfare.
Men cannot fight machinessuccessfully.
Once these immediate objectives have, been
accomplished, and their accomplishment seems
very near, the Japanese have been, to all
practical purposes, defeated. It is not to be
expected that they will fold up immediately.
Fighting as they have fought in the past, the
Japs may well prolong the struggle for months
and even years after their defeat has become
a military certainty.
By DREW PEARSON
'WASHINGTON-While the families and
friends of G.I.'s in the European theater
are worrying about who will come home and
who will go on to the Pacific, General Marshall
is worrying about a similar problem in regard
to the officers now in Europe. Marshall ex-
plained this problem recently at a secret meet-
ing of the Senate Military Affairs Committee.
The trouble is that too many high-ranking
officers who have been in on the job of knock-
ing out Germany are demanding that they be
sent on to the Pacific. They don't want to
stop fighting. While most of these men are
officers of the regular Army and of very high.
rank, a number of reservists and newly com-
missioned men are also anxious to get to the
Pacific. Officers who have had behind-the-
lines jobs in supply, communications and
other fields in France are especially anxious
to get combat assignments against the Japs.
While Marshall is tickled by their attitude,
it is adding to his already huge headache re-
garding redeployment of forces in the Euro-
The Chief of Staff told Senators that a
number of top-rank officers have declared their
willingness to accept reduction in rank in order
to go to the Pacific. He named colorful "Blood
and Guts" Patton-now a four-star general-
as one of those who have been most insistent
about being reassigned to combat work. Patton
told Marshall when they met in Europe several
weeks ago that he would be willing to "lose
a good deal of rank" if he could only be kept in
Republicans Meet Secretly.. *-*
AFL PRESIDENT Bill Green was the speaker
when the "78-79 Club" (first and second
term Republican congressmen) held its last
meeting. Green didn't say anything of great
importance, but-good politician that he is-
he made an excellent impression.
Only time the AFL president permitted
himself to get into anything controversial
was when he was, asked about the CIO's
Political Action Committee.
"I believe the function of labor unions is
economic, not political," replied Green. Oth-
erwise he dodged argumentative questions.
Most interesting portion of the meeting came
when representative James Auchincloss of New
Jersey, president of the club, complained be-
cause this column has published several ac-
counts of these highly secret off-the-record
"Let me again urge upon you gentlemen that
tlfe goings-on at these meetings be kept strictly
off the record," Auchincloss implored. "Let us
hope that we do not again read what has hap-
pened here in Drew Pearson's column."
Reactionary Republican Howard Buffett of
Nebraska was much less gentle in his warning.
"Anyone who leaks about these meetings to Drew
Pearson should be read out of the club," he
Some congressnen though Buffett was even
about to demand that "leakers" be read out of
the Reublican party. But before he could go
further, Bill Green spoke up.
"Every time I hold a secret meeting of the
AFL executive board," he observed, "I read
about it in the paper the next day. I guess
you just have to expect those things."
AP's Edward Kennedy .. .
THE BREAKING of the German surrender
story in advance of authorized release is
not the first time Associated Press correspond-
ent Edward Kennedy has been involved in a
thing of this kind.
On Aug. 21, 1942, Chester Morrison, Cairo
correspondent for the- Columbia Broadcast-
ing System, cabled his New York office that
Kennedy had get an uncensored account of
By Ray Dixon
-. THOUGHT.-..-- -
A FRIEND of ours, name of Milt, claims that
what Europe needs now is occupational
Received some fan mail the other day. All
it said was, "If this weather keeps up, we'll be
taking sleigh rides in July-but actually!" and
was signed Ann Davis. She tnust think we
like corny humor.
Libyan military operations out of the battle
area via Senator Cabot Lodge of Mssachu-
The incident arose in connection with the
fact that Senator Lodge was using his tour of
the Libyan battle area as propaganda in his
re-election campaign. The CBS correspondent,
reporting on Lodge's activities, cabled his New
"le (Lodge) made a cook's tour of safe
desert areas and then went home. On the
way home he violated the ethics of journalists
here by secretly carrying an uncensored ac-
count of operations written by Associated
Press correspondent Edward Kennedy."
(Copyright, 1945, by the Bell Syndicate, Inc.)
I'D RA THER lIE RIGH T:-
By SAMUEL GRAFTON
IT IS MORE than a month since Mr. Roosevelt
died. His name is not in the headlines any
more, in fact it is not mentioned at all in
entire issues of large newspapers. He is indeed
gone, and perhaps it is time to spot a trend or
two, and try to see what has gone out of our
national life with him. Such a death must
leave an empty space, not to be filled auto-
matically, and it might be in order to attempt
to draw the boundaries of that empty space,
so that we may at least know what is missing.
The largest gap is in the field of foreign af-
fairs. Mr. Vandenberg, for example, has in-
creased in size and power since Mr. Roosevelt's
death, as nature obscurely and awkwardly tries
to fill a vacuum. Mr. Vandenberg is, in a sense,
the mainspring of the American delegation at
San Francisco, in something like the manner in
which Mr. Roosevelt would have been its main-
spring, had he remained among the living.
But Mr. Roosevelt would have been actuated
by a desire to maintain unity among the great
powers, a lesson he learned during so many
wartime conferences. Mr. Vandenberg's ideas
have not been molded in wartime conference.
He has pockets full of private and individual
notions, nope of which have been tested out
by being matched and rubbed against the ideas
of others, in wartime meetings. He is a new
boy at school, but a forward one.
It is certainly due, in large part, to Mr.
Vandenberg's influence, that we have had so
many showdowns in this conference, where
showdowns were unnecessary, and should have
been avoided. There would have been no
disgrace in frankly avoiding a Polish show-
down, and an Argentinian showdown, in a
desire to keen the ball rolling, to keep things
moving, until the nations of the world could
have got to know each other better, and have
had their showdowns on more familiar and
more favorable terms.
Mr. Roosevelt would have been working at
San Francisco for a practicable world; Mr. Van-
denberg is working for a Vandenberg world. The
fact that Mr. Vandenberg honestly believes a
Vandenberg world to be practicable is beside the
At the end of the last war, the opposition to
the war leadership killed the peace treaty; at the
end of this war the opposition to the war lead-
ership is actually helping to write the peace
treaty. It is at work one stage earlier in the
game. Mr. Roosevelt was not afraid to have
the opposition represented on the San Francisco
delegation, so long as he was in office; there
was a balance. But with his death, the oppo-
sition has insensibly risen in power; the balance
Instead of exploring our areas of agreement
with our allies, we are exploring our areas of
disagreement. Mr. Roosevelt knew as much
about our fundamental disagreements with
Russia as any man alive; he knew as much
about Russian "manners" as anyone could;
bht it happened to be his purpose to work in
tle other field, in the area on which we could
get together, and to try to enlarge and extend
With his death, this keen sense of direction
seems to have departed from our diplomacy;
there is a kind of slackness; matters which
used to be delicately but firmly negotiated, are
now thrown out as free-for-alls, to be resolved,
or mucked about, amid a directionless hub-
bub. Suddenly we find the nations of the
western hemisphere, for example, standing in
opposition to the world; something which no
one planned; and it is not good to let for-
eign policy merely happen, like an accident.
And there are many voices heard, but it is
hard to pick out and identify the voice of
We have tried to use such bits of Mr.
Roosevelt as remain; Mr. Stettinius, say, and
the Yalta Agreements. But President Truman
may find that he cannot get along on the
Roosevelt legacy alone; he is going to have to
he his own Roosevelt. If he were to arrange
ameeting with Prime Minister Churchill and
Marshal Stalin, lie would enlarge his own
prestige, and perhaps begin, in his own person,
to fill the vacuum left by the passing of the
late President. Someone must fill that space;
it has been a cave of the winds for the last
(Copyright, 1945. N. Y. Post Syndicate)
TUESDAY, MAY 15, 1945
VOL. LV, No. 147
Publication in the Daily official Bul-
letin is constructive notice to all mem-
bers of the University. Notices for the
Bulletin should be sent in typewritten
form to the Assistant to the President,
1021 Angell Hall, by 2:30 p. m. of the day
preceding publication (10:30 a. m. Sat-
CENTRAL WAR TIME USED IN
THE DAILY OFFICIAL
College of Literature, Science, and
the Arts; College of Pharmacy;
school of Business Administration;
School of Education; School of For-
estryand Conservation; School of
Music; School of Public Health:
Spring Term, Schedule of Examina-
tions: June 16 to June 23, 1945.
Note: For courses having both lec-
tures and quizzes, the time of exer-
cise is the time of the first lecture
period of the week; for courses hav-
ing quizzes only, the time of exer-
cises is the time of the first quiz
period. Certain courses will be ex-
amined at special periods as noted
below the regular schedule. To avoid
misunderstandings and errors, each
student should receive notification
from his instructor of the time and
place of his examination. Instruc-
tors in the College of Literature, Sci-
ence, and the Arts are not permitted
to change the time of examination
without the approval- of the Exami-
nation Committee. All hours listed
Time of Exercise Examination
Monday at 7 .......Sat., June 16, 1-3
Monday at 8 ....Tues., June 19, 1-3
Monday, 9: Mon., June 18, 9:30-11:30
Mon., 10: Thurs., June 21, 9:30-11:30
Monday at 12 . . . .Fri., June 22, 7-9
Monday, 1: Wed., June 20, 9:30-11:30
Monday, 2: Sat., June 16, 9:30-11:30
Tuesday at 7 ....Mon., June 18, 7-9
Tuesday at 8 . ...Fri., June 22, 1-3
Tuesday at 9 .. . . Thurs., June 21, 1-3
Tuesday at 10 ....Wed., June 20, 7-9
Tuesday at 12 .... Tues., June 19, 7-9
Tuesday at 1 .. . .Sat., June 16, 7-9
Tuesday at 2 ..Thurs., June 21, 7-9
Conflicts, Make, Irregular: Sat., June
Special Periods, College of Litera-
ture, Science, and the Arts:
Zoology 42 ........ Sat., June 16, 7-9
Soc. 51. 54 ..Sat., June 16, 9:30-11:30
Span. 1, 2,.31, 32 . .Mon., June 18, 1-3
Ger'. 1, 2, 31, 32 . .Mon., June 18, 1-3
Pol. Sci. 1, 2, 51, 52: Tues., June 19,
Speech 31, 32 . .Wed., June 20, 1-3
French 1, 2, 12, 31, 32, 61, 62. 91, 92,
153 ..........Wed., June 20, 1-3
Chem. 55 ..Wed.. June 20,u9:30-11:30
English 1, 2 . .. .Thurs., June 21, 7-9
Ec. 51, 52, 53, 54: Thurs., June 21, 7-9
Botany 1. .Fri., June 22, 9:30-11:30
Zoology 1 . .Fri., June 22, 9:30-11:30
School of Business Administration:
Courses not covered by this schedule
as well as any necessary changes will
be indicated on the School bulletin
Schocl of Forestry: Courses not
covered by this schedule as well as
any necessary changes will be indi-
cated on the School bulletin board.
School of Music: Individual In-
struction in Applied Music: Individ-
ual examinations by appointment
will be given for all applied music
courses (individual instruction) elec-
ted for credit in any unit of the
University. For time and place of
examinations, see bulletin board at
the School of Music.
School of Public Health: Courses
not covered by this, schedule as well
as any necessary changes will be
indicated on the School bulletin
Men's Residence Halls: Reappli-
cations for the Summer and Fall
Terms must be returned to the Office
of the Dean of Students by May 18
in order to be considered before
assignments are made to incoming
Identification Cards: Because of
the shortage of film and paper'it has
been decided that identification cards
which were issued for the. Summer,
Fall and Spring of 1944-45 will be
revalidated for the Summer Term
1945. All students planning to at-
tend the Summer Term should hold
their cards for validation at the time
Orchestra Rehearsal: The Univer-
sity Symphony Orchestra will meet
in Hill Auditorium at 3 p.m (CWT)
today for regular rehearsal.
Junior Play Committee: Nelson
will take the committee picture at
4 o'clock, CWT, today in the League.
All committee heads please be there
Notice to 'Ensian Owners: Re-
quests for recent back issues of the
'Ensian are coming from the Army
By Crockett Johnson
V t 9
ANY BONDS TODAY
"-but when. Barry said ,.et's tor a stake inthe countury,'
he meant Mcets louv a War bond.'"-
Information Centers set up to advise
servicemen wishing to return to col-
lege. These requests say that the
annuals are in great demand as giv-
ing the best picture of the institu-
tion. Anyone having 'Ensians which
are no longer needed are asked to
call the University News Service, Ext.
State of Connecticut Civil Service
announcement for Assistant Social
worker, $1500 per annum, has been
received in our office. For further
information stop in at 201 Mason
Hall, Bureau of Appointments.
The Fair Store: Chicago, Ill. is
interviewing senior girls for perma-
nent positions and undergraduates
for summer work on Thursday, May
17 in our office. If interested, call
Bureau of Appointments, University
Exi ension 371 for an appointment.
Transcentinental and Western Air-
lines: Representative is going to be
in our office Thursday, May 17, to
interview all seniors who are inter-
ested in positions as hostesses, reser-
vationists, and ticket agents. Girls
who are interested should call the
Bureau of Appointments, University
Ext. 371, for appointment.
United States Civil Service an-
nouncement for Printer Proofreader,
$3.950 a year, has been received in
our office. For further information
stop in at 201 Mason Hall, Bureau of
State of Michigan Civil Service 1
announcements for the following ex-;
aminations have been received in our
office. Landscape Architect II, and
III, $230 to $340 a month, Seed Test-'
er B, $125 to $145 per month, Seed
Analyst A, $150 to $170 per month,
Vessel Chief Engineer IV, $400 per1
month, Laundry Worker B, $134.25
to $145 per month, Laundry Mana-
ger Al, and A2, $143.75 to $199.75
per month, and Laundry Manager I,
$180 to $234.25. For further infor-
mation stop in at 201 Mason Hall,
Bureau of Appointments.
University Lecture: Mr. Flavel
Shurtleff, Professor of City Planning
Massachusetts Institute of Technol-
ogy, will speak on "The Field of
Town Planning", today, at 3:15 p.m.,
in the Rackham Amphitheater, un-
der the auspices of the College of
Architecture and Design.
The Henry Russei Lecture: Dr.
Edward H. Kraus, Professor of Crys-
tallography and Mineralogy and for-
mer Dean of the' College of Litera-
ture, Science, and the Arts, will de-
liver the annual Henry Russel Lec-
ture at 3:15 p.m., Thursday, May 17,
in the Rackham Amphitheater. His
subject will be "The Unfolding Crys-
tal", illustrated. At this time public
announcement of the Henry Russel
Award will also be made. The public
is cordially invited.
Preliminaries in Education: Pre-
liminary Examinations for the Doc-
torate in the School of Education
will be held on the afternoons of
June 7, 8 and 9 from 1 till 4 o'clock,
CWT. Anyone desiring to take these
examinations should notify the Of-
fice of the Chairman of the Commit-
tee on Graduate Study, Rm. 4002,
University High School, or phone
Extension 676, before May 20.
Clifford Woody, Chairman of the
Committee on Graduate Study in
Juniors, College of Literature, Sci-
ernce, and the Arts: Juniors who wish
to apply for admission to the Senior
Honors course in English should file
letters of application in the English
Office (3221 A.H.) not later than
Friday, May 25.
songs, and will'be open to the general
Student Recital: Roberta Booth,
Pianist, will be heard in a recital at
7:30 p.m. (CWT), Thursday, May 17,
in Lydia Mendelssohn Theater. She
is a student of Maud Okkelberg, and
presents the program in partial ful-
fillment of the requirements for the
degree of Bachelor of Music. The
general public is invited.
Choral Union Concerts: Concerts
will be given in the Sixty-seventh an-
nual Choral Union Series next season,
PAUL ROBESON, Baritone. Sat-
urday, Nov. 3.
CLEVELAND ORCHESTRA, Erich
Leinsdorf, Conductor. Sunday, Nov.
ALEXANDER UNINSKY, Pianist.
Monday, Nov.. 19.
JENNIE TOUREL, Contralto. Tues-
day, Nov. 27.
DON COSSACK CHORUS, Serge
Jaroff, Conductor. Monday, Dec. 3.
BOSTON SYMPHONY ORCHES-
TRA, Serge Koussevitzky, Conductor.
Monday, Dec. 10.
JASCHA HEIFETZ, Violinist. Fri-
day, Jan. 18.
TRA, Desire Defauw, Conductor.
Thursday, Jan. 31.
ARTUR SCHNABEL, Pianist. Wed-
nesday, Feb. 13.
DETROIT SYMPHONY ORCHES-
TRA, Karl Krueger, Conductor.Mon-
day, March 11.
Orders for season tickets, accom-
panied by remittance to cover, will
be accepted, and filed in sequences;
and selections made accordingly.
Ticket prices are as follows:
$15.60 (Block A, Patron Tickets).
Three center sections on main floor
and in first balcony.
$13.20 (Block B). Side sections on
both main floor and in first balcony.
$10.80 (Block C). First sixteen
rows in the top balcony.
.$8.40 (Block C). Last six rows in
the top balcony.
Remittances should be made pay-
able to University Musical Society,
and mailed to Charles A. Sink, Presi-
dent, Burton Memorial Tower, Ann
Alpha Phi Omega: There will be a
meeting tonight at 6:30 EWT. All
members and pledges are requested
to attend. The program will consist
of a business meeting and activity
planning for the closing weeks of the
Polonia Club: There will be a
meeting today at 6:30 (CWT) in the
All students interested in Polish
culture are welcome.
The Phi Kappa Phi initiation of
new members Will be held in the
Rackham Amphitheater tonight at
7 p.m. A reception for the new mem-
bers will be held afterwards in the
Assemnty Hall. All members are
invited to attend.
The Christian Science Students
Organization is holding a meeting
tonight at 7:15 il the chapel of the
Michigan League. All are welcome to
Michigan Alumni Club: Annual
Meetingaand Spring Tea at Mrs.
Alexander Ruthven's on Wednesday,
May 16, 2-4, Central War Time.
Interguild Seminar: There will be
a seminar on Guild Leadership Trai-
ning led by Mr. Littell in Lane Hall
Wednesday afternoon at 3 CWT.
Music Hour: The regular Music
Hour will be held in Lane Hall Wed-
nesday evening at 6:30 CWT. Moz-
art's last symphony, "Jupiter", will
be played and group discussion will
follow, led by Les Heteny.
By Fibber McGee
y Hilda Terry
Come to think of it, we do.
the better-just call us colonel.
And Miss Davis is absolutely right. Sunny
days in this part of' the country are becoming
as scarce as hamburger in this part of the
country. Or vice versa.
Recently adopted theme song of local res-
taurants is a little number called, "All That
Potatoes and No Meat."
Present plans call for giving veterans a short
time in the United States before sending them
out to fight the Japs. In other words, they'll
be home on furlough, but not furlong.
Mom and 1 How can you calmly chat about
Swimming a river is the only way to outwit
the relentless beasts! Water's still cold, too.
Say! I can cross the river